Herman Goring Panzer Division
Originally a small police battalion organized by the then
Interior, Herman Goring, it grew in size to a regiment. The
primary function of the regiment at the beginning of the war was a flak unit
and later grew to armoured troops. Its designation became Fallschirmjager
PanzerKorps Herman Goring, which translates to a puzzling name of
"Parachutist Armour Corps". Here is a short history.
In February 1933, Hermann Goring as Minister of Interior created the Police
Battalion Wecke. By 1935 it had become the "General Goring State
Police Group" and began to adapt military training. This
resulted in it being assigned to the Luftwaffe as the "General
Goring Regiment". By 1938 the role of the regiment consisted
primarily of flak batteries and searchlight battalions but still retained a
motorcycle company and a guard battalion. These special guards were used
at Goring's forest estate at Karinhall and on special occasions such as Air
Force day and Richtohofen's Memorial parades.
In 1936, General Goring selected 36 soldiers to perform a parachute
demonstration jump. From this, 600 recruits were selected to go through
training and were the first German paratroopers. On 1 July 1938, General
Kurt Student organized the "Fallshirmtruppe" into the
"7th Aviation Division" in order to conceal their true purpose. The
Herman Goring Regiment was reorganized on 1 October 1939 to include a
Parachute Rifle Battalion ("Fallschirmschutze"), which was later
absorbed into the Luftwaffe's 1st Parachute Regiment and called "Fallschirmjager".
That was the only time the Herman Goring troops were used as paratroopers,
EVEN THOUGH they retained the term "Fallschirm" in their title.
One battalion formed from the flak units became the Fuhrer Flak Battalion.
This battalion was first used as a special train escort on the Fuhrer's trip
to Poland and as flak protection at his "Wolf's Lair" in E. Prussia.
Later, it was organized into a regiment and eventually became the Fuhrer
At the outbreak of war the HG Regiment fought in Poland. Reorganized
into the HG Division, they were sent to Italy for about one year. On 6
January, 1944, the division was renamed "Fallschirm Panzer Division
Hermann Goring" that consisted of panzer, armoured artillery and infantry
battalions. They were sent back to Poland and fought in the battle of
Warsaw in August 1944. They served in Russia with the XXXIX Panzer Corps
and at Fortress Graudenz in February 1945. During the
fighting in Russia, the Henrich Goring, the nephew of the Reichsmarshall, was
killed in action.
The statistics indicate that 60,000 soldiers served with the HG Division
during its life-span. After the surrender in 1945, only 15,000
survivors remained. An estimated 90% of the soldiers who fought on the
Eastern Front were casualties.
: February raised in Berlin as a motorised police detachment (Wecke)
from Prussian police volunteers, July made responsible to Hermann
: included into Goering's Luftwaffe and renamed and expanded into
Regiment General Goering.
to 1938 :
reorganised at Reinickendorf into three flak battalions and a guard
battalion for Luftwaffe and Fuhrer HQ protection, March 1938 Austria.
: Bohemia, September Berlin protection.
May to June Belgium, France.
: Added Jaeger battalion, Balkans, June Eastern Front: Dubno, Zhitomir,
July Uman, August Nikopol, November Orel.
: May Brittany, reorganised as Brigade Hermann Goering, July Bordeaux,
and reforms as Hermann Goering Motorised Infantry Division, November
Tunisia in N Africa.
: Practically destroyed in Tunisia, July Sicily as Panzer Division
Hermann Goering with replacement personnel. reformed in S. France and
Naples, September Salerno, October to November rearguard action
Volturno, Garigliano, November refitted Frosinone to exceptional
establishment including a panzer regiment with two battalions, assault
gun battalion, two panzergrenadier regiments with four battalions,
reconnaissance and support units, guard regiment in Berlin,
replacement regiment in Holland, battle group in action: Monte
Maggiore, Monte Troccio.
: January renamed Fallschirm Panzer Division Hermann Goering, Anzio,
March refitted Lucca, Pisa, May Valmonte (US Anzio breakout), June to
July Chiusi, Arno, redeployed to Warsaw, August Volomin, Magnuschev,
September Bugmunde, October Modlin, reorganised as Hermann Goering 1
(two panzer battalions, five panzergrenadier battalions) and Hermann
Goering 2 panzergrenadier division and corps troops, (panzerjaeger
battalion, sturmgeschutze battalion, engineer battalion, flak
regiment) called Fallschirm Panzer Corps Hermann Goering.
1945 : January E.
Prussian defending Konigsburg at Nemmersdorf, Hermann Goering 1
redeployed, Lodz-Petrikau with elements of Panzer Corps Grossdeutschland
to relive encircled Panzer Corps Nehring, rearguard action Oder, Neisse,
Muskau, March upper Silesia, Neisse, Gorlitz, April Bautzen, N. Dresden.
In action with Fallschirm Panzer Corps survivors (Hermann Goering 2),
evacuated Heiligenbeil by Baltic after abortive defence of E. Prussia, May
most of remnant surrendered to the Russians, others to the US