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Elder Futhark

Freyr/Freyja's Ætt

Fehu(F:Domestic cattle, wealth.) Possessionswon or earned, earned income, luck. Abundance, financial strength inthe present or near future. Sign of hope and plenty, success andhappiness. Social success. Energy, foresight, fertility,creation/destruction (becoming). Fehu Reversed: Loss ofpersonal property, esteem, or something that you put in effort tokeep. It indicates some sort of failure. Greed, burnout, atrophy,discord. Cowardice, stupidity, dullness, poverty, slavery,bondage.

Uruz:(U:Auroch, a wild ox.) Physical strengthand speed, untamed potential. A time of great energy and health.Freedom, energy, action, courage, strength, tenacity, understanding,wisdom. Sudden or unexpected changes (usually for the better). Sexualdesire, masculine potency. The shaping of power and pattern,formulation of the self. Uruz Reversed: Weakness, obsession,misdirected force, domination by others. Sickness, inconsistency,ignorance. Lust, brutality, rashness, callousness, violence.

Thurisaz:(TH:Thorn or a Giant.) Reactive force,directed force of destruction and defense, conflict. Instinctualwill, vital eroticism, regenerative catalyst. Atendency towardchange. Catharsis, purging, cleansing fire. Male sexuality,fertilization. (Thorr, the Thunder god, was of Giantstock.) Thurisaz Reversed: Danger, defenselessness,compulsion, betrayal, dullness. Evil, malice, hatred, torment, spite,lies. A bad man or woman. Rape?

Ansuz:(A:The As, ancestral god, i.e. Odhinn.)A revealing message or insight, communication. Signals, inspiration,enthusiasm, speech, true vision, power of words and naming.Blessings, the taking of advice. Good health, harmony, truth, wisdom.Ansuz Reversed: Misunderstanding, delusion, manipulationbyothers, boredom. Vanity and grandiloquence. (Odhinn is a mighty, butduplicious god. He always has his own agenda.)

Raidho:(R:Wagon or chariot.) Travel, both inphysical terms and those of life-style direction. A journey,vacation, relocation, evolution, change of place or setting. Seeing alarger perspective. Seeing the right move for you to make anddeciding upon it. Personal rhythm, world rhythm, dance of life.Raidho Reversed: Crisis, rigidity, stasis, injustice,irrationality. Disruption, dislocation, demotion, delusion, possiblya death.

Kenaz:(K:Beacon or torch.) Vision,revelation, knowledge, creativity, inspiration, technical ability.Vital fire of life, harnessed power, fire of transformation andregeneration. Power to create your own reality, the power of light.Open to new strength, energy, and power now. Passion, sexual love.Kenaz Reversed: Disease, break-up, instability, lack ofcreativity. Nakedness, exposure, loss of illusion and false hope.

Gebo:(G:Gift.) Gifts, both in thesense of sacrifice and of generosity, indicating balance. All mattersin relation to exchanges, including contracts, personal relationshipsand partnerships. Gebo Merkstave (Gebo cannot be reversed, butmay lie in opposition): Greed, loneliness, dependence,over-sacrifice. Obligation, toll, privation, bribery.

Wunjo:(W or V: Joy.)Joy, comfort, pleasure. Fellowship, harmony, prosperity. Ecstasy,glory, spiritual reward, but also the possibility of going "over thetop". If restrained, the meaning is general success and recognitionof worth. Wunjo Reversed: Stultification, sorrow, strife, alienation.Delirium, intoxication, possession by higher forces, impracticalenthusiasm. Raging frenzy, berzerker.

Heimdall's Ætt

Hagalaz:(H:Hail.) Wrath of nature, destructive,uncontrolled forces, especially the weather, or within theunconscious. Tempering, testing, trial. Controlled crisis, leading tocompletion, inner harmony. Hagalaz Merkstave (Hagalaz cannotbe reversed, but may lie in opposition): Natural disaster,catastrophe. Stagnation, loss of power. Pain, loss, suffering,hardship, sickness, crisis.

Nauthiz:(N:Need.) Delays, restriction.Resistance leading to strength, innovation, need-fire(self-reliance). Distress, confusion, conflict, and the power of willto overcome them. Endurance, survival, determination. A time toexercise patience. Recognition of one's fate. Major self-initiatedchange. Face your fears. Nauthiz Reversed: Constraint offreedom, distress, toil, drudgery, laxity. Necessity, extremity,want, deprivation, starvation, need, poverty, emotional hunger.

Isa:(I:Ice.) A challenge or frustration.Psychological blocks to thought or activity, including grievances.Standstill, or a time to turn inwardand wait for what is to come, orto seek clarity. This rune reinforces runes around it. IsaMerkstave (Isa cannot be reversed, but may lie in opposition):Ego-mania, dullness, blindness, dissipation. Treachery, illusion,deceit, betrayal, guile, stealth, ambush, plots.

Jera:(Jor Y: A year, a good harvest.) Theresults of earlier efforts are realized.A time of peace andhappiness, fruitful season. It can break through stagnancy. Hopesandexpectations of peace and prosperity. The promise of successearned. Life cycle, cyclical pattern of the universe. Everythingchanges, in its own time. Jera Merkstave (Jera cannot bereversed, but may lie in opposition): Sudden setback, reversals. Amajor change, repetition, bad timing, poverty, conflict.

Eihwaz:(EI:Yew tree.) Strength, reliability,dependability, trustworthiness. Enlightenment, endurance. Defense,protection. The driving force to acquire, providing motivation and asense of purpose. Indicates that you have set your sights on areasonable target and can achieve your goals. An honest man who canbe relied upon. Eihwaz Reversed: Confusion, destruction,dissatisfaction, weakness.

Perthro:(P:Lot cup, vagina.) Uncertainmeaning, a secret matter, a mystery, hidden things and occultabilities. Initiation, knowledge of one's destiny, knowledge offuture matters, determining the future or your path. Pertaining tothings feminine, feminine mysteries including female fertility, andvagina. Good lot, fellowship and joy. Evolutionary change. PerthroReversed: Addiction, stagnation, loneliness, malaise.

Algiz:(Zor -R: Elk, protection.) Protection,a shield. The protective urge to shelter oneself or others. Defense,warding off of evil, shield, guardian. Connection with the gods,awakening, higher life.It can be used to channelenergiesappropriately. Follow your instincts. Keep hold of success ormaintain a position won or earned. Algiz Reversed: Hiddendanger, consumption by divine forces, loss of divine link. Taboo,warning, turning away, that which repels.

Sowilo:(S:The sun.) Success, goals achieved,honor. The life-force, health. A time when power will be available toyou for positive changes in your life, victory, health, and success.Contact between the higher self and the unconscious. Wholeness,power, elemental force, sword of flame, cleansing fire. SowiloMerkstave (Sowilo cannot be reversed, but may lie in opposition):False goals, bad counsel, false success, gullibility, loss of goals.Destruction, retribution, justice, casting down of vanity. Wrath ofgod.

Tyr's Ætt

Tiwaz:(T:Tyr, the sky god.) Honor, justice,leadership and authority. Analysis, rationality. Knowing where one'strue strengths lie. Willingness to self-sacrifice. Victory andsuccess in any competition or in legal matters. TiwazReversed: One's energy and creative flow are blocked. Mentalparalysis, over-analysis, over-sacrifice, injustice, imbalance.Strife, war, conflict, failure in competition. Dwindling passion,difficulties in communication, and possibly separation.

Berkano:(B:Berchta, the birch-goddess.) Birth,general fertility, both mental and physical and personal growth,liberation. Regenerative power and light of spring, renewal, promiseof new beginnings, new growth. Arousal of desire. A love affair ornew birth. The prospering of an enterprise or venture. BerkanoReversed: Family problems and or domestic troubles. Anxiety aboutsomeone close to you. Carelessness, abandon, loss of control.Blurring of consciousness, deceit, sterility, stagnation.

Ehwaz:(E:Horse, two horses.)Transportation. May represent a horse, car, plane, boat or othervehicle. Movement and change for the better. Gradual development andsteady progress are indicated. Harmony, teamwork, trust, loyalty. Anideal marriage or partnership. Confirmation beyond doubt the meaningsof the runes around it. Ehwaz Reversed: This is not really anegative rune. A change is perhaps craved. Feeling restless orconfined in a situation. Reckless haste, disharmony, mistrust,betrayal.

Mannaz:(M:Man, mankind.) The Self; theindividual or the human race. Your attitude toward others and theirattitudes towards you. Friends and enemies, social order.Intelligence, forethought, create, skill, ability. Divine structure,intelligence, awareness. Expect to receive some sort of aid orcooperation now. Mannaz Reversed: Depression, mortality,blindness, self-delusion. Cunning, slyness, manipulation, craftiness,calculation. Expect no help now.

Laguz:(L:Water, or a leek.) Flow,water, sea, a fertility source, the healing power of renewal. Lifeenergy and organic growth. Imagination and psychic matters. Dreams,fantasies, mysteries, the unknown, the hidden, the deep, theunderworld. Success in travel or acquisition, but with thepossibility of loss. Laguz Reversed: An indication of a periodof confusion in your life. You may be making wrong decisions and poorjudgements. Lack of creativity and feelings of being in a rut. Fear,circular motion, avoidance, withering. Madness, obsession, despair,perversity, sickness, suicide.

Ingwaz:(NG:Ing, the earth god.) Male fertility,gestation, internal growth. Common virtues, common sense, simplestrengths, family love, caring, human warmth, the home. Rest stage, atime of relief, of no anxiety. A time when all loose strings are tiedand you are free to move in a new direction. Listen to yourself.Ingwaz Merkstave (Ingwaz cannot be reversed, but may lie inopposition): Impotence, movement without change. Production, toil,labor, work.

Dagaz:(D:Day or dawn.) Breakthrough,awakening, awareness. Daylight clarity as opposed to night-timeuncertainty. A time to plan or embark upon an enterprise. The powerof change directed by your own will, transformation. Hope/happiness,the ideal. Security and certainty. Growth and release. Balance point,the place where opposites meet. Dagaz Merkstave (Dagaz cannotbe reversed, but may lie in opposition): A completion, ending, limit,coming full circle. Blindness, hopelessness.

Othala:(O:Ancestral property.) Inheritedproperty or possessions, a house, a home. What is truly important toone. Group order, group prosperity. Land of birth, spiritualheritage, experience and fundamental values. Aid in spiritual andphysical journeys. Source of safety, increase and abundance.Othala Reversed: Lack of customary order, totalitarianism,slavery, poverty, homelessness. Bad karma, prejudice, clannishness,provincialism. What a man is bound to.

BlankRune: There is nohistorical support for a "Blank Rune" in runic divination. It wasinvented in the 1980's. It should not be used in a rune casting.If you bought a rune set with a blank piece, save it in case you loseanother rune piece, but don't use it in rune casting.