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Westmoreland JAMAICA

  • Christopher Columbus stopped at Westmoreland on his second voyage when he landed in Jamaica.

    One of the first Spanish settlements was also built at what is now Bluefields in this parish. The parish was named Westmoreland in 1703, because it was the most westerly point in the island. Savanna-la-Mar, a town by the coast, replaced Banbury as the capital in 1730.

  • In 1938, riots at the Frome sugar estate, changed the course of Jamaica's history. The changes that came in the wake of these riots led to universal adult suffrage in 1944, as well as a new constitution, which put Jamaica on the road to self government and eventually independence.

    The two national heroes, Sir Alexander Bustamante and Norman Washington Manley, emerged as political leaders during this time.

    There are over 10,000 acres of morass land, the largest part of which is called the Great Morass. This contains plant and animal material collected over centuries. The morass can be mined as peat, an excellent source of energy, and it also serves as a natural sanctuary for Jamaican wildlife. The remaining area consists of several hills of moderate elevation, and alluvial plains along the coast.
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  • Westmoreland has an area of 807 square kilometres (311 square miles), making it Jamaica's eighth largest parish. Westmoreland's population of 141,000 is made up of a large percentage of Indians, who are the descendants of Indentured Laborers who came to Jamaica from India to work after slavery. The descendants are known locally in the parish as "Royals" because of their Indian heritage.

    Westmoreland is the westernmost parish in Jamaica, located on the south side of the island. It is situated to the south of Hanover, the southwest of Saint James, and the northwest of Saint Elizabeth, in the county of Cornwall. The chief town and capital is Savanna-la-Mar. Negril, a famous tourist destination, is also situated in the parish.

    There are numerous rivers in the parish. The Cabaritta River, which is 39.7 kilometres long, drains the George's Plain and can accommodate boats weighing up to eight tons. Other rivers include the Negril River, New Savanna, Morgan's, Gut, Smithfield, Bowens, Bluefields, Robins, Roaring, Great and Dea jamaican flag