You are viewing the electronic version of Emerald
the monthly publication of the Shamrock Club of Wisconsin
Shamrock Club of Rock County
South Central Shamrock Club
Fox Cities Shamrock Club
Dane County Shamrock Club
Shamrock Club of Great LaCrosse Area
Milwaukee President's Message
Welcome New Members
Club Needs Your Photos and Memorabilia!
St. Patrick's 2000 Dinner and Show
First Ever Collegiate Open Mic Night
Celtic Spirituality February 4-6, 2000
9th Annual Irish Ceili and Set Dance for Peace
Shamrock Club 40th Birthday Party Reservation Form
Save the Date: Next Act Theatre
Irish Courses at UWM Spring Semester 2000
January Set Dancing
Family Fun Night
Burns Supper - 30 January 2000
Set Dancing Every Week
The Submarine's Father
by Brian Witt
The inventor of the modern submarine was a man of many facets. He was a Christian Brother who taught in Ireland; a student of design and flotation; a Fenian; and a man who was so repulsed by the warlike qualities of his creation that he walked away to spend his final days teaching Irish to children in New Jersey. Thus was John Philip Holland.
John Philip Holland was born into an Irish speaking family in the seaside village of Liscannor, Co. Clare in 1841. His father was a coast guard man. He had an older brother, Albert, and two younger brothers, Robert and Michael. Robert would die when John was six from cholera he developed during the Famine. At an early age, Holland went to study English at St Macreehy's National School. Later he was to study at the Christian Brothers school in Ennystimon, and later in Limerick.
When Holland was 12, his father died, thus placing his studies in jeopardy. He solved this problem by taking Holy Orders at the age of 17 as a Christian Brother. Shortly thereafter, he was assigned to teach in Cork. Later, he was assigned to schools in Portlaosie, Enniscorthy, Drogheda, and finally to Dundalk. As a teacher, Holland was widely praised.
However, when Holland became a teacher, he gave up the development of his training as a navigator. At the same time, the news of the American Civil War, and its naval battles, piqued the interest of Holland. The new naval vessels, including the ironclad ships, were unique at that time. Also unique was the battle between the US ship Housatonic and the Confederate submarine Hunley. The Hunley was built and captained by Irishman John McClintock. McClintock's victory in his tiny sub sparked the imagination of many people, none more so than Holland's.
While at Dundalk, Holland built a working model of a submersible boat in the baths at the school. He also studied the work of French inventors working on submersible boats.
In 1873, Holland was released from Holy Orders before his final vows, due to nagging and chronic illnesses. He found himself living with his brother Michael, an exiled Fenian. John Holland would make a proposal to the Secretary of the Navy about submarines. The secretary rejected him out of hand, dismissing his proposal as a "fantastic scheme". Undaunted, Holland would build a working model of a submersible. It was called "an underwater canoe", but it was propelled by a screw driven propeller, and powered by a foot pedal.
John's brother, Michael, got the Fenians to underwrite the cost of building the next three boats. The Fenians recognized the potential of using submarines as a lethal weapon to disrupt British shipping. The Fenians subsidized the building of three ships, the best of which was the Fenian Ram.
Built in New York City, the Fenian Ram was 31 feet long, 6 feet high and 6 feet wide. It ran on gasoline, and was armed with a cannon. It was the subject of much dispute, and was stolen by one side of the divided Fenians in 1883, and hidden in a lumber shed. Holland then quit the Fenians in disgust. However, the construction of the boat left Holland as the world's foremost expert on working submersible boats.
Holland would find time to marry Margaret Foley in New York in 1887, at the age of 46, and had a number of children. Two died during childhood, but one daughter, survived until 1962.
Holland was then employed by the Pneumatic Gun Company. The owner was interested by the capabilities of attaching a pneumatic gun to the boat. They made a number of proposals. Eventually, Holland would find investors to join him in forming the "Holland Electric Boat Company". They would make a number of proposals to the United States government, all of which were ultimately turned down for funding, in spite of having won the design competition three times between 1888 and 1893.
However, in 1898 Theodore Roosevelt, then Secretary of the Navy, backed a plan to build an American submarine. In 1900, the United States Navy bought Holland's newest submarine.
A new company was formed, "The Electric Boat Company". However, due to a number of reasons, Holland would lose control of the company and by 1907, would resign from the company. At the time, he said, "There is no financial future in this company." Ironically, the Electric Boat Company today is the world's largest builder of submarines.
Holland would also complain of the Fenians, who by 1907 were completely divided. Holland commented that many of them wanted "10 cents of revolution everyday", liking their desire for a rebellion in Ireland to a vaudeville act. Holland also fought for control of the Fenian Ram, which was still stored in a shed.
Holland after 1907 would retire to Trenton, New Jersey, where he would teach the Irish language to the children of the area. He also played Irish music at dances and concerts. Like Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, Holland was also fearful of the long term horrid effects of his invention in war.
John Philip Holland died a few weeks before the start of World War One in 1914. That war would prove out Holland's fears of the catastrophic use of his boat.
The date for the State Meeting is FEBRUARY 26, 2000. The tentative meeting place is Forest Hills Golf Course.
Please call or write to:
Her phone number is (608) 787-5500. She needs to know how many people from your chapter are coming and how many rooms if any will be needed and if so, for how many nights.
We also are very interested in any agenda items (even if there is the smallest possibility your group won't have a representative there). It will benefit every chapter to have you there. We want input from you all. The agenda is where your concerns will be addressed.
- Cate Harris
CALENDAR OF EVENTS
• Jan. 18 - General Membership meeting at the Janesville Senior Center, 69 S. Water St.
• Feb. 15 - General Membership Meeting at the Janesville Senior Center
At our November meeting, Chuck and Carol Roherty presented a video of their trip to Ireland this past summer. This was not the typical home video. It was edited and put together in a very professional manner with appropriate background music. It was both educational and very enjoyable. Anyone who missed the November meeting missed a delightful travelogue.
We hope to see all of you at the January meeting and we wish all of you members and your families good health and happiness throughout the new year.
- Tom Kennedy
Our November meeting was held at the Hi Way House in Baraboo. We gained one new member, Gerald Garrigan, from Portage. We also welcomed new members, Russ and Betty Hasenbalg.
We will be having a raffle offering monies towards a trip to Ireland. Raffle tickets will be available in December.
Alice Hickey displayed a beautiful wall hanging she made of Ireland. She gave a very informative talk on the six sorrowful counties of Ireland, which is Northern Ireland, under English rule. All present enjoyed her talk very much.
Our Christmas Party was held on December 19 at the Reedsburg Country Club.
- Mary Stieve, Secretary
Note your calendars for a possible change of date for the March meeting: Wednesday, March 8 or Monday, March 6 if we have a corned beef and cabbage dinner in place of our regular meeting. More information in the next Emerald Reflections. If you are interested in coming to a dinner on the 6th, please call me and leave your name, telephone number, and number of tickets you'll need so we can plan accordingly.
We had an excellent music program at our Dec. 8 meeting. Dan Geddes from the Green Apple Folk Music Society performed on his dulcimers. He brought three different ones to play and gave us some background on them.
We have a wide variety of excellent musicians in our area through the Green Apple Folk Music Society. They performed at our Irish Cabaret show in November.
Last Saturday I heard a new group playing traditional Irish music at Trilogy in Greenville. They are Druid's Table. They will be playing at Trilogy on Friday, Jan. 4, Feb. 18, and March 17.
John McGuinness will be teaching conversational Gaelic at our Jan. 12 meeting. We will have a sign-up sheet at the meeting for those interested in learning more Gaelic.
Any questions or info, please call me at (920) 733-5254.
- Elaine Hoes, Secretary
• Dec. 14 - Annual Christmas Party
We had a very large turnout for our November meeting, which featured Mary McBride. The crowd enjoyed her humor and had a great time!
In January, there will be no general membership meeting. The weather can be very unpredictable, and the Board has voted to eliminate the January membership meeting. There will, however, be a Board meeting at 6:15, at Jingle's.
Our February meeting is one to look forward to! Ginny O'Brien will be performing with the Charlie Nears Trio. Ginny and the trio will give us an evening of easy listening ballads, many of which will be Irish. There will also be a sing-along, so bring your song requests and your singing voices!
- Sheila O'Brien
LATE DUES NOTICE
There are many outstanding dues from Sept., Oct., Nov. Please check your mailing labels for your expiration date. To keep the delivery of Emerald Reflections uninterrupted, you must renew.
- Tom Smith, Member. Chair
Welcome New Members
DANE COUNTY - James D. Donnell; Nolan A. Faulkner; Barbara Main; and Colleen C. Rainey.
FOX CITIES - Patricia and John Ashenbrucker; George and Ruth Clifford; Terry and Marsha Dawson; Bill and Helen Ebben; Wm. and Blanche Grogan; Keith Long; Dan Ryan; Rhonda Wofford; Jack Jr. and Carol Zuelzke.
LaCROSSE - Rhonda Rice (referred by Larry Germanson); Jerry and Barbara Rusch (referred by Linda Pfaff); Jean Whalen (referred by Irish Cultural Institute).
MILWAUKEE - Mary McCarthy (referred by Tom McCarthy); Patti McCarthy (referred by Tom McCarthy); Michael Murphy; Thomas, Sherry, Chad, Matt, and Adam Sweet.
ROCK COUNTY - Elnora McGinnis.
SOUTH CENTRAL - Dr. Harold D. Crouse and Ms. Nancy M. Morison; Gerald F. and Darlene J. Garrigan.
Greater LaCrosse Area
Santa visited our Christmas Party held at the Freight House in LaCrosse last December 7th and gave us a new "Bodhran." Dorina Lukins is shown here trying it out with Diane O'Brien in the background. Our members also donated eleven grocery bags of non-perishable food which was taken to the Onalaska Food Basket. There were about 90 of us who participated in the event which was climaxed by the selection of our Irishman and Irish Rose for 2000. Their names will be made public soon enough!
Thanks to Jim and Mary Tracy and all who contributed to the success of that party.
Our next Board meeting will be held on January 12th. We have some serious business to attend to in planning for the State Board Meeting and arranging our activities for next March.
Our membership chair, Mary Kay Smith, requested the state chapters to share some information with her a few months ago (in writing) and has yet to hear from some. She would appreciate a response. Hope you are wintering good!
Happy New Year,
Milwaukee President's Column
Folk Fair is really over now and the reports are coming in and all look good.
It is time to start to prepare for the Post Parade Party. It will be on March 11, 2000, at the ICHC after the parade. The chairpeople will be meeting and have more details in the next issue.
At the January board meeting we will be electing the Irish Rose, Irishman of the Year and Parade Marshal(s). Please submit the names of your choices to any board member or mail them to me at 2133 W. Wisconsin Ave., Milw., WI 53233. Winners will be announced at the Feb. meeting.
The Volunteer Party was held Dec. 4 and was a success. There was lots of food and drink as promised with the added entertainment by Molly O'Connell, Katy Voss on piano and songbird Maggie Blaha. We sang and a good time was had by all.
This is the first column of the new century. There were so many new and exciting things which happened in the last 100 years, we have to just wonder what the next 100 will bring. I'm sure it will be interesting.
Last month at this time it looked as though the Shamrock Club would have to pay for 125 advance sale tickets for Holiday Folk Fair but thanks to Muriel Crowley, our retired ticket chair, she did sell 120. Thank you Muriel, we do really appreciate what you did. We did sell 126.
On Dec. 2, the potluck dinner in lieu of the regular general meeting was a huge success. If it isn't a family secret recipe several of our guests would be interested in the recipe for the dish that had tomato on top and spinach within. Please share it if you can.
The Color Guard has had its last winter parade. We had four parades in November and are very happy that the weather was as good as it was. (Really cold but not as cold as some years).
We would like other chapters to let us know what is happening in their Shamrock Club life. Send information before the 8th of the month, the month before the event takes place, or sooner so that everyone knows about it and can plan accordingly. It is always disappointing to hear about something that would interest us only to hear about it after its over.
- Cate Harris
The season is really well under way. We received our first check for two events and received $585.53. The events were the Wizard of Oz and an Admirals game. The attendance at these events was down.
The crews that work at the Bradley Center would like to welcome new members to this group. What a nice and productive way to meet other members.
For most of the events a reminder letter with a parking permit is sent to all members of the team working. When an emergency arises or you have other plans and cannot work it, please call Katy Voss at 357-6479 so that she can find a sub for you. There are times when the Bradley Center has to send in people to work our booth if we are short, and charge us what they are paid. Please don't let this happen. Upcoming events are: Jan. 5 Marquette vs. St. Louis; Jan. 10 Bucks vs. Hornets; Jan 21 Wave vs. TBD; Jan 28 Admirals vs. KWings; Feb. 5 Bucks vs. Raptors; Feb 12 Admirals vs. Cyclones; Feb. 18 Bucks vs. Vipers; Feb. 23 Bucks vs. Warriors. If you would like to work any of these dates call Katy at 357-6479.
Club Needs Your
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