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  Welcome to Mr. Hunt's 9th Grade Geography Class

Clark Moving & Storage - Nationwide Moving

My web page is designed to help 9th graders learn more about the country Congo (Zaire) in Africa.  While looking at this web page, hopefully this will inspire students to learn more about other countries that are in Africa. Please pay close attention 9th graders to the information on this site, because there will be a quiz at the end of the page. 

CONGO (FORMERLY KNOWN AS ZAIRE)

Click Here To See the Congo Flag 

FACT SHEET

Country

Congo (Zaire)

Location:

Central Africa

Independence:

June 30, 1960

Nationality:

Congolese

Capital City:

Kinshasa

Population:

51,964,999

Important Cities:

Kisingani, Lubumbashi, Kolwesi

Type of Government:

Dictatorship, presumably undergoing transition to Representative Government

Major peoples:

Azande,Chokwe,Songo,Kongo,Kuba,Lunda,Bembe

Religion:

Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, African 10%

Climate:

Equatorial

Official Language:

French

Major Exports:

Copper, Cobalt, Diamonds, Crude Oil, Coffee

More Information on the country Congo (Zaire)

    The Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) is located in Central Africa.  The country was renamed the Democratic Republic of the Congo, its name before Mobutu changed it to Zaire in 1971. Lawrence Kabila, the president before Joseph Kabila, in 1996 changed the name Zaire to the Democratic Republic of Congo.  Congo is the third largest country in Africa, it is bordered with Central African Republic to the north, Sudan to the northeast, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania to the east, Zambia to the south and southeast, Angola to the southwest, and Angola and the Congo Republic to the west.  The 2,733 mile long Congo River lies mostly within the territory of the country.  The president of the country Congo is Joseph Kabila (2001).  The country received its independence from Belgium on June 30, 1960.  

    Congo Democratic Republic is about one-quarter the size of the United States.  This country has two major  rivers that runs into the Atlantic Ocean.  The Ubangi River and Bomu River are the two major rivers.  These rivers are located in the north of this country.  The Congo River is located in the west of this country.  All of these rivers provide something very important to the country.  One of the important things that the rivers provide is transportation.  With transportation available this country can trade goods with other countries.

    Also, in the Congo Democratic Republic the climate is tropical and humid. The mountains and the rainforests receive a lot of rainfall.  The wet season in the north of the Congo Democratic Republic Equator occurs from April to October.  The dry season in the north of the Congo Democratic Republic Equator occurs from December to February.  Now, in the south of the Congo Democratic Republic Equator the wet season occurs from November to March.  The dry season in the south part of the  Equator occurs from April to October.  Most of the land that is used in this country is forest and woodland.  This country can use forests and woodland for varies things.  The highest and least inconsistent temperatures are to be found in the equatorial forest, where daytime highs range between 30C and 35C, and nighttime lows hardly ever go below 20C. The average annual temperature is about 25C. In the southern highlands, mainly in southeastern Shaba, winters are cool and dry, but on the other hand summers are warm and damp. The area that has the chain of lakes from Lake Albert to Lake Tanganyika in the eastern highlands has a moist climate and a narrow but not extremely warm temperature range. The mountain sections are cooler, but moisture increases with altitude until a certain point is reached.

    In much of the country, as said earlier, rivers still provide the best type of transportation and daily communications. The major economic points  are mineral based, with copper and diamonds as the significant exports.   These resources are what other countries might want.  So, in order for them to get those resources, they would have to trade with them.  When trade takes place what you are doing is  trading something that you have for something that someone else have.  

Information on Congo (Zaire) Population

    Zaire's population was estimated at 39.1 million in 1992, making the country among sub-Saharan Africa's the most populated. This figure represents a large increase over the 29.7 million people recorded in the last official census, taken in July 1984. This census had indicated that this country population had almost doubled the amount of 16.2 million population at independence in 1960.  Between 1880 and about 1920, a period of colonial invasion, Zaire suffered a severe decline in population. European and Arab access to this country disrupted traditional agricultural organization and introduced diseases such as sleeping sickness, smallpox, influenza, and venereal diseases. When this happened, the local population went down because of early deaths.  In the 1940s, population decline was also sped up by the conditions under which mandatory labor was imposed by the colonial government during World War II.  Mandatory labor for road construction, mining, and the producing of rubber disrupted the planting and harvesting of food crops.  When this was happening, this country was bringing upon a famine.

    Only after 1948 did the country's population show rapid growth, reflecting improved nutrition, health, and economic development. Since that time, the average annual rate of population growth has been consistently high. It was estimated at just above 2 percent for most of the period from 1950 to 1970. After that, the rate has been near or above percent. In 1992 the annual population growth rate was estimated at 3.3 percent.  The growth rate is projected to remain at or above 3 percent until at least 2015. Zaire is expected to continue to see its population grow at a faster rate than its economy, worsen the economic and social weakening prevailing in the early 1990s. The United Nations estimates that Zaire's population will total between 78.4 million and 100.9 million by 2025.

    According to Zaire's information page, Zaire's high population growth rate is caused by a high simple birth rate: forty-five births per 1,000 population in 1992, little changed from the forty-seven births per 1,000 population recorded in 1965.  The total fertility rate in 1992 was estimated to be 6.1 children born per woman. In the same year, the basic death rate was estimated at thirteen per 1,000 population, down a great deal from the twenty-one per 1,000 noted in 1965 and that is another contributing factor to total population growth.

 

 

 

***Quiz***

1) Who is the President of the country Congo?

2) What is the official language of the Congo?

3) How many miles long is the Congo River?

4) What year was the Congo once know as Zaire?

5) What are the Major Exports of the Congo?

6) What is the capital of Congo?

7) Who did the Congo receive its independence from?

8) What was the date the Congo received its independence? 

9) Where is Congo located?

10) What is one country that borders Congo?

11) What is like in the Congo?

12) What is the nationality of Congo?

13) What is the percentage of the religion Muslim in the Congo?

14) What is the percentage of the religion Roman Catholic in the Congo?

15) What is the percentage of the religion Protestant in the Congo?

16) What religion has the highest percentage?

17) What religion has the lowest percentage? (Pick One)-There are 3.

18) True or False: Is the Congo the fourth largest country in Africa?

19) True or False: Is the Congo the third largest city in Africa?

20) True or False: Is the Congo the third largest country in Africa?

21) Bonus: What are the colors of the Congo flag?

 

Answers: 1.) Joseph Kabila; 2.) French 3.) 2733 4.) 1971 5.) Copper, Cobalt, Diamonds, Crude, Oil, Coffee, 6.) Kinshasa 7.) 51, 964, 999 

8.) Belgium 9.) June 30, 1960 10.) Central Africa 11.) Sudan 12.) Congolese 13.) 10% 14.) 50% 15.) 20% 16.) Roman Catholic 

17.) Kimbanguist, Muslim, African 18.) False; The 3rd largest country 19.) False; The 3rd largest COUNTRY

20.) True 21.) Blue, Yellow; If you answered Blue AND Yellow, you are wrong because AND is not a color.

*****Hopefully, this site has helped you know more about the country Congo.  Thanks for visiting and please come again!!!  See You In Class!!

LINKS

1.http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/cg.html

2.http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Democratic-Republic-of-the-Congo

3.http://www.greatestcities.com/Africa/Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo_formerly_Zaire.html