, sensitive and perceptive souls who often
strike others as shy, reserved and cool. These
folks have a rare capacity for deep caring and commitment--both to
the people and causes they idealise.
guide their behavior by a strong inner sense of values, rather
than by convential logic and reason. Forced to cope with
this facts-and-figures 'real' world we inhabit,
may appear to have been imported from another galaxy! They
gravitate toward creative or human service careers which allow
them to use their instinctive sense of empathy and
remarkable communication skills. Strongly religious, spiritual or
may see the purpose of
their lives as an inner journey, quest or personal unfolding. More
practical or rational types may tend to discredit
sources or understanding as mystical. The search for a
soulmate is a preoccupation for many
, who must balance their need for privacy and peace with their yearning for
human connection. If there seems to be an air
sadness in the
spirit, blame it on this type's longing for the perfect in all things.
Cathleen Victoria Dodd for the INFP discussion to the right. Be sure to visit her sight for exhaustive information on other type inventories! (Many thanks to Loren Golden for sending me Ms. Dodd's new URL.)
INFPs and Stress
feel internal turmoil when they find
themselves in situations in which there is
conflict between their inner code of ethics
and their relationships with others. They
feel caught between pleasing others and
maintaining their own integrity. Their
natural tendency to identify with others,
compounded with their self-sacrificial
dispositions, tends to leave them confused
as to who they really are. Their quiet
personalities further feeds their feelings
of depersonalization. The
self-identity then seems even more alluring —
but increasingly impossible to attain.
As with all NFs, the
will feel lost and
perplexed at stressful times. As stress builds,
become disconnected from their own
personality and perceived place in life.
They will lose sight of who they are in
relation to time and place. They may not
make basic observations, while instead they
will focus on the more abstract and symbolic
meanings of a particular interaction. This
can sometimes baffle those who expect more
direct communication and a fairly concrete
I N F P|
INTROVERT INTUITIVE FEELING
In The Workplace
INTROVERTED-Applies to the way we interact with the world. Introverts are people whose
thoughts and ideas are drawn inward. This type scan the external environment and make
evaluations based on their inner ideas and mental concepts. They derive their energies
from these inner ideas. It is important for them to take time to study and reflect on a
subject to get the right idea, before taking action. This type is able to grasp and accept
a moral principle in its abstract form. Introverts are territorial and desire space. They
draw their energies from activities where they can be alone to meditate or activities that
require few people. Introverts can experience a sense of loneliness when they are in a
crowd. Some are the most alone when surrounded by people, especially strangers. This type
can enjoy being around people, but it can drain their energies. They need to find quiet
places and solitary activities where they can meditate and recharge. Many introverts
achieve the ability to extravert, but they never become extraverts. Introverts enjoy their
private time, and if this is easily invaded, they learn to develop a high level of
concentration so as to shut out the external world. Many view them as great listeners, but
they may view others as taking advantage of this. They may have problems expressing
themselves and are sometimes labeled by others as shy. Many times they will have to
rehearse things before they say them. This type may wish to get their ideas out more
forcefully and like to state their thoughts and feelings without interruption. They resent
ones that blurt out something they were just about to say.
INTUITIVE-Applies to the way we take in information. Intuitive types look for the
possibilities in life. What is possible is always in front of them, pulling at them like a
magnet. Intuitive types are attracted to fantasy, fiction, and the future. They may enjoy
figuring out how things work just for the sheer pleasure of doing so. This type is
attracted to pun and word games. They are masters at metaphors and similes. Intuitive
tends to think of several things at once and because of this are sometimes labeled as
absentminded. This type likes to look at the big picture. They try to read between the
lines, not accepting things at face value. Intuitive types tend to trust their hunch,
their gut feeling, and this usually prove right, since they are highly in tune with their
intuitive powers, their sixth sense. They are creative and imaginative, but are sometimes
viewed as dreamers.
FEELING-Applies to the way we come to decisions. Feeling types make decisions based on how
others feel. They are empathetic and sympathetic to others needs. This type puts
themselves out for others, putting others needs above those of their own. Feeling types
value and almost insist on others living in harmony. They will avoid conflict at all cost.
This type tries to please others. They will take a comment back if they say something that
offends someone else. Feeling types are usually friendly, tactful, and enjoy contributing
to the welfare of others. They are personable, being more interested in people than in
PERCEPTIVE-Applies to the way we structure our lives. Perceptive types put much value on
the open ended. They do not like to come to a conclusion unless forced to and then may
still be uncomfortable with its closure. Being aware of how many factors are involved and
how much is still unknown, they are terrified at making a rash decision. They hope they
can solve a problem simply by understanding it better, by seeing it from all sides and
eventually being able to see the thing to do. They love to explore the unknown. They don't
like to be pinned down, to plan a task, to make definite statements. They prefer to be
spontaneous, to live for the moment. They like to make-work fun or they lose interest in
it. They don't believe in deadlines, but use them instead as alarm clocks allowing them to
pick up spurts of energy at the last minute and accomplish the task. In conversations they
can jump from subject to subject, depending on whatever enters their mind, or whatever
enters the room.
INFPs-live their lives focusing on their values. They know what is important to them and
protect this at all cost. Their values focus on the optimistic verses the pessimistic,
although they are often conscience of the negative. To understand the INFP is to
understand their cause. They can work tirelessly toward a cause that deems worthy. They
will quietly let others know what is important to them, and rarely will they give up on
their purpose. They will go along with the crowd, sometimes even letting decisions be made
for them, until someone violates their value system. Then they will dig their heels into
the ground and will speak up for their feelings, insisting their values be followed.
INFPs are withdrawn and are sometimes hard to get to know. Some may view them as shy. But
those that take the time to get to know them will find them warm and gentle, with a
surprising sense of humor. They care deeply for those they consider special friends.
Putting forth-unusual sacrifices to help such individuals.
They often have a subtle,
running through their lives --
inner pain and unease which others seldom detect.
INFPs are creative and are constantly seeking out new possibilities. They have a gift with
language and usually will express this by means of writing. Their intuitive preference
supplies the imagination and their feeling preference giving them the need to communicate.
They are gifted at interpreting symbols - being drawn to metaphors and similes. Because of
these gifts they often write in
INFPs work must be more than just a paycheck, it must be fun and must contribute to
something that is important to their values. To be the most productive they need a sense
of purpose behind their job. They often have to look at the large picture in order to see
how specific programs fit in. They are adaptable to changes and to new ideas. They work
well with others being conscience of others feelings and relating with most, though not
always vocally. They like to work with others who are cooperative and who share their same
set of values. They strive for harmony and dislike conflict.
INFPs treasure their privacy and may keep a lot to themselves. They need time and space
for reflection. Others usually get along well with them, although they may not know them
intimately. INFPs may not always be organized. They may tend to lose things or to forget
appointments. Only when they see the importance of organization in a task will they strive
to work at it in an organized way to get it done. They can be extremely patient with
complicated issues, but may become impatient with routine and details.
INFPs strive for perfection, and this is especially the case when using their feeling
preference. They may have trouble finishing a project, because they never find it is good
enough. Even when the project must be finished, they may feel the need to go back and
improve on it later.
Reluctantly INFPs may accept leadership roles. They lead with their values being their
guide. They do not aggressively lead people, but rather work with people to develop their
talents and to independently achieve their goals. They have a hard time criticizing
others, but will try to motivate them by their appreciation and praise. When conflicts
arise, they avoid directly approaching the situation, but would rather wait for the others
to work out the situation themselves.
INFPs view leisure activity as very important. However they may have a difficulty
separating it from work. If they have a special skill they use at work, they may use this
skill in their leisure time to help friends, family or those in need. When they are
interested in pursuing a new leisure activity, they may spend a great deal of time
researching this activity. Many INFPs enjoy activities that are done alone such as
reading, listening to music, or gardening. This gives them the opportunity for reflection
and meditation. They may also enjoy social activities with those they feel close to. When
they want to be social they can be outgoing, charming and quiet funny, making them a
pleasure to have around.
INFPs present a calm and pleasant face to the world around them. Because they are
reserved, they may be over looked. But to those that know them they have a view into their
warmth and concern and their deep commitments to their values.
- Church Worker
- College Professor: Humanities/Art
- Educational Consultant
- Employment Development Specialist
- English Teacher
- Fine Arts Teacher
- Human Resources Development Specialist
- Religious Educator
- Social Scientist
- Social Worker
- Speech Pathologist
- Writer: poet/Novelist
- They can do a good job of blending production with compassion for the work force. They
enjoy giving freedom for each to develop according to their own personality and are
willing to give commendation and have a listening ear for new ideas. They are able to
communicate well with others on a one to one basis.
- They are intellectually astute, competent, and enriched with idealism.
- They have a high need to be of service to others. They enjoy working toward causes they
- They work well alone, and are faithful to their duties and obligations.
- When the workplace becomes negative, they may become restless. They can have mood
swings between stubbornness and criticism. This is uncharacteristic of their nature and is
an indicator of stress.
- They are perfectionists. They may be self-critical. They feel there is never enough
time to do the job right. They must recognize when to quit, and live with a less than
perfect product. They also must realize that others will never fully meet up to their
- They may become discouraged if their work is not geared toward something they believe
in. They want control of their projects, and if they lose control they can lose interest.
- They may have trouble working in a competitive environment.
- They may become unrealistic when planning a project. They may become inflexible when
requested to change some of their ideas.
- They need work that allows them to express their vision, and lets them work within
their own set of values and beliefs.
- They need work that gives them control over the product and the process of creating it,
allowing them time to fully develop their ideas
- They need work that gives them a private space and uninterrupted time, but allows them
from time to time to meet with ones they respect, and bounce their ideas off them.
- They need work that gives them a flexible schedule, with no restraint to rules and
regulations, and allows them to work as they feel inspired.
- They need work that is done in a tension free environment, with other creative caring
- They need work that let them be original, and that encourages personal growth and
- They need work that gives them time to do the best possible job, and that doesn't call
for them to do presentations of their ideas before large crowds.
- They need work that lets them help others to learn how to grow and develop their full
- They need work that allows them to develop deep one to one relationships with people,
letting them understand others and discover what makes them tick.
- They need work that allows them to fulfill their ideas, without being limited by
money, time, or other obstacles.
IN THE WORKPLACE
INFPs enjoy working alone, treasuring the opportunity for contemplation. They enjoy
variety in whatever they do. They enjoy taking on new projects and activities, but have a
tendency to take on too many things at once. They get a sense of satisfaction from the fact
that nothing is constant, which means they can positively influence a cause in a positive
or constructive way.
INFPs are loyal and industrious team players. They work hard to achieve team harmony and
make their work meaningful. They are encouraged from approval from others, but when
criticized they may be deeply hurt, taking such criticism personally.
INFPs can be powerful leaders when dealing with people and drawing people together to
achieve their purpose.
INFPs lead with people in mind. They look to the individual growth and development and
will look for a way to encourage and support such growth. They may tend to relate with a
few special people, being drawn to their causes and goals. They quietly encourage these
individuals to achieve whatever they set out to do.
INFPs manage in a very quiet unassuming way, getting personally involved with individuals
within the organization. They are at their best dealing with people, drawing out their
outstanding qualities. They are naturally tuned into the motivations and emotions of
others, having a gift at understanding individual differences.
Because INFPs are focused in on people's emotions and motivations, they become aware of
and get involved in their co-workers personal problems. They may feel obligated at
resolving disagreements and conflicts among employees, trying to create an atmosphere of
harmony. INFPs listen carefully and intently to others, giving them individual attentions
and responding with the proper feedback for the needed situation. They masterfully show
appreciation and give praise when they find the appropriate opportunity. they direct their
praise toward human accomplishment. They are alert to individual potential and look for
ways to help individuals meet that potential.