Japanese Geography See Japan Guide, Wikipedia, or Everything2.
Chinese Geography See Wikipedia or Everything2.
Akihabara A shopping district in Tokyo that's known for computer, gaming, and anime-related goods. Because of all the electrical goods sold there, it's also known as Akihabara Electric Town. It's also often shortened to Akiba, hence the term Akiba-kei (see people page). See Japan Guide, Wikipedia, or Everything2.
Baoding A city in China's Hebei province, formerly known as Qingyuan. See Wikipedia. (See also Baoding balls on the stuff page.)
Edo Former name of the Japanese capital city, which was renamed Tokyo in 1868. The government of Japan was moved here from Kyoto in 1603. See Wikipedia or Everything2.
Harajuku A shopping and entertainment district in Tokyo where the young and trendy like to hang out. And where tourists go to observe young and trendy Japanese culture. Also, "Harajuku girls" are associated with Gwen Stefani's album "Love.Angel.Music.Baby." See Japan Guide, Wikipedia, or Everything2.
Jinbocho A neighborhood in Tokyo famous for its used book stores. See Wikipedia.
Kanto Located on the island of Honshu, it is one of Japan's eight regions. The capital city of Tokyo is located in Kanto. Kanto is also the name of the fictional region where the original Pokemon game takes place. See Japan Guide, Wikipedia, or Everything2.
Kichijoji A district in the city of Musashino, in the prefecture of Tokyo. It's a popular shopping area, and also the home of several anime studios, and hosts an annual anime exhibition called "Anime Wonderland." See Kichijoji official web site, Wikipedia, or Everything2.
Kinki Located on the island of Honshu, it is one of Japan's eight regions. The region is also known as Kansai. Kyoto, the former capital city of Japan, is located here. See Japan Guide, Wikipedia, or Everything2.
Kobe A city located in the region of Kinki. Kobe, as you may recall, was hit by a devastating earthquake in 1995. Kobe is of course also famous for its beef. See Japan Guide, Wikipedia, or Everything2.
Kyoto A city located in the region of Kinki, this was the capital of Japan from 794 until 1603, and the residence of the emperor from 794 until 1868. A summit on global climate change was held here in 1997, resulting the the Kyoto Protocol, over which there has been some controversy. See Japan Guide, Wikipedia, or Everything2.
Mitaka A city located in the prefecture of Tokyo. It is home to the Ghibli Museum. See Mitaka's official website or Wikipedia.
Nihon The Japanese name for Japan, it is also the root of many words involving Japan, such as Nihongo, which is the Japanese language. (Another name for Japan is Nippon, which can also be a base in words such as Nippongo.) The country is made up of thousands of islands at the western edge of the Pacific Ocean, separated from Korea and Russia by the Sea of Japan. The main four islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Shikoku, and Kyushu. Japan is officially divided into eight regions, including three of the main islands. Honshu, the largest island, is divided into five regions: Tohoku, Kanto, Chubu, Kinki, and Chugoku. See Japan Guide, Wikipedia, or Everything2.
Okayama A Japanese prefecture located in the Chugoku region, and also the name of the prefecture's capital city. The various "Tenchi Muyo!" anime series were set in Okayama. Except for parts set in Tokyo. Or outer space. See Japan Guide or Wikipedia.
Okinawa A Japanese prefecture consisting of several islands in the Ryukyu Islands, located south of Kyushu. It's also the name of a city in the prefecture (the capital is Naha). Okinawa's largest island is Okinawa Island. The character Mr. Miyagi of the "Karate Kid" movies is from Okinawa. How's that for pertinent information? See Japan Guide, Wikipedia, or Everything2.
Sapporo A city located on the island of Hokkaido. Not to sound like this is all it's known for, but um... Sapporo beer is made here (see foods & drinks page). See Web City Sapporo, Japan Guide, Wikipedia, or Everything2.
Shibuya An entertainment and shopping district in Tokyo. It's also famous for having the world's busiest intersection crossing, in front of Shibuya Station. See Shibuya City Office, Japan Guide, Wikipedia or Everything2.
Tokyo A city and prefecture located in the Kanto region, it is the capital of Japan. The government of Japan was moved from Kyoto to Edo in 1603, and the city was renamed Tokyo in 1868. See Japan Guide, TV Tropes, Wikipedia, or Everything2.
Wudang Mountains A mountain range in the Hubei province of China. Famous for Taoist monasteries and martial arts. Mt. Wudang (or Wudan) and the martial artists who studied there are featured in the movie "Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon." See Wikipedia.