March 1574 / Mino / Siege
Despite the death of Takeda Shingen in 1573, the Takeda, now led by Katsuyori,
continued to make gains against the Oda and Tokugawa. In March 1574 Katsuyori
led an army into Mino Province and surrounded Akechi Castle. Nobunaga hastily
dispatched a relief force under his eldest son Nobutada and Ikeda Nobuteru but
this arrived too late: Akechi's commander had already surrendered. Later that
year, Katsuyori would score another victory by taking Takatenjin Castle in Tôtômi
Province. This would be the Takeda's high-water mark, which would recede following
the Battle of Nagashino in 1575.
1585 / Mutsu / Battle
Hatakeyama, Ashina, Soma, Satake (30,000)
Date Masamune (7,000)
The Battle of Hitadori came as Date Masamune faced the greatest crisis of his career. Faced with an allied union of hostile daimyô, Masamune was badly outnumbered but determined to face his foes in the field. Despite spirited efforts by the hard-pressed Date warriors, Masamune defeated in the first phase of this battle at the Hitadori Bridge and forced to reteat into Motomiya Castle. He was saved by the sudden departure from the enemy ranks of Satake Yoshishige, whose own lands in Hitachi were being attacked. The remaining allies, who did not feel that they had the strength to bring the castle down, retreated from Motomiya.
KIA: (Date) Moniwa Yoshinao.
1572 / Hyûga / Battle
Following Yoshisuke's capture of Obi, the Itô consolidated their hold
over southern Hyûga and began advancing into territory traditionally held
by the Shimazu. Yoshisuke desired to expand Ito influence into Osumi, and to
this end supported clans within the borders of that province hostile to the
Shimazu. Takahisa was nonetheless able to subdue Osumi and in 1572 was in a
position to challenge Yoshisuke in open battle at Kizaki Plain, on the Ôsumi-Hyûga
border. The day went to the Shimazu, and the Ito were routed. Four years later
Takahisa again defeated Itô at Takabaru and in 1578 Yoshisuke was forced
to flee to the lands of the Ôtomo. This was nearly 100 years after Shimazu
Takehisa had first defeated the Itô at Obi in 1485.
1614 / Settsu / Siege
Tokugawa Ieyasu (195,000)
Toyotomi Hideyori (113,800)
Rising tensions between the fledgling Tokugawa bakufu and Toyotomi Hideyori,
the heir of the late Hideyoshi, led to the 1st Siege of Hideyori's Osaka fortress.
Prior to the start of hostilities, Hideyori had gathered as many as 100,000
ronin within his castle walls, many of whom had been dispossesed by the Tokugawa
after Sekigahara. The campaign began in November and opened with a series of
hard-fought actions that continued for about a month at a considerable cost
to the Tokugawa. Knowing that a direct assualt on the castle was unlikely to
succeed, Tokugawa first resorted to a bombardment of the walls, then to peace
talks. Hideyori unwisely agreed to negotiate, allowing Ieyasu to prepare for
his next effort to bring the last bastion of the Toyotomi down.