heroine Joan of Arc, was born on January 6, 1412, just as the medieval Christmas season was ending, in the little village of St. Domremy, in Barrois, on the border between Champaigne and Lorraine in that area now known as Lorraine. An unstable truce existed at this time between England and France, when the infant daughter, the youngest of five children; was born to Jacques and Isabelle Romee D'Arc, who were prosperous peasants of the region. The baby was christened "Jehanne" (Joan) D'Arc, but called herself Jeanne la Pucelle, "The maid of Orlean."
The King of England laid claim to the French crown, by inheritance through a female progenitor, a law the French did not recognize. France at this time, was in a state of despair, fearing that the English would invade France. The Hundred Years War had continued for nearly a century, and there was little hope that the bloodshed would cease, short of a miracle from God.
Jacques, Jehanne's papa, was a peasant farmer. Her father had a dream of her travelling with an army, and thought her a camp follower, and told her brothers to drown her should it come to pass. As Jehanne grew, she was a shepherdess to the family's flock of sheep,. worked also in the field, handling the pitchfork and the scythe, as readily as any, helping out responsibly with family chores, and during work, she would often kneel and pray. When she was growing up, she shared a room in the family home with her sister Catherine. She learned the traditional skills of sewing, and spinning from her mother, but she was never taught to read or to write.
Those who knew her, called her a pious , who was frequently observed kneeling in prayer in church, or caring for the poor. In 1425, at the age of 13 1/2, Jehanne testified that visions appeared to her, and "voices" whom she identified as St. Michael, St. Margaret and St. Catherine; would call to her from the heavenlies, and to tell her that she would be used to save France.
By May 1428, Jehanne declares the voices became insistant, uring her to present herself to Robert Baudricourt, who commanded Charles of Ponthieu, later to be known as Charles VII, last heir of the Valois dynasty which had ruled France since 1328. The English at this time, sought control over the Loire River region, bordering Charles domain.
WERE JEHANNE'S VISIONS & PERSECUTION AN ISOLATED CASE?
During Jehanne's lifetime, France was still engaged in the Hundred Years War with England. These were the days of the Great Schism, in which the church had 3 Popes. Things were never the same following the Great Scism, and the schism with its conflicts and jealousies left the entire Catholic structure internally weakened. The Church had also elected to maintain control of superstition and popular cults which they considered were pagan in origin.
Prior to this,in 1370, John Wycliff began teaching on religious freedom at the Oxford University. He translated the Latin bible into the language of the English people, so that the common man could read it for himself. His teachings began spreading to other universities. He was branded as a heretic, executed and his bibles burned.
hile it's difficult to ascertain how many so-called heretics there were, a contemporary chronicler declared that "You would hardly meet two men upon the highroad of whom one would not be a Lollard."
The invention of moveable type by Johann Gutenberg (1440) made possible the wide distribution of Bibles in the German language (by Gutenberg in Mainz 1452 - 1455), promoting knowledge of the true foundations of Church doctrines, as well as secular learning. This freedom of understanding, coupled with the growing, city-oriented business of trade, prepared the intellectual ground for change. In the early 1400's, Jan Hus began to teach from the bible at the University of Prague, translating the bible into the common language. In 1415, he was burned at the stake. Jehanne d'Arc lived in this same era in which the reformers teachings were spreading into France.
THE MOTIVATIONS & COST OF WITCH TRIALS
Witch trials took place in southern France in the early 14th century. Run by the Inquisition of Toulouse and Carcasonne, these trials killed hundreds upon hundreds of people. The most famous was a craze where 400 women died in one day. No other French historian had noticed these trials. The costs of the trials in France, Germany and Scotland were paid by the estate of the condemned individual or by his or her relatives. In some instances where the victim was penniless, it was even paid for by the landlord or citizens of the town in which the condemned resided.
Witch hunting proved to be a fund-raiser for the city treasury. It was self-sustaining and became a major trade, employing many people, all on the savings of the victims. Germany's wealthiest citizens were the first to be accused, after which their personal property was divided and dispersed among the clergymen, judges, physicians, scribes, court attendants, rs, guards, messengers even to the laborers who cut the wood for the burning.
Less directly, the next group to profit heavily were innkeepers and tavern owners, who provided food, beverages, or accomodations to the crowds who came to watch the executions.
Typical costs for trials in various regions, caused the families with even a moderate income, to be reduced to becoming permanently impoverished. Three trials in three days in Appenweier, June-22-1585
STATISTICS FOR FRENCH WITCHCRAFT TRIALS
EVERYTHING THAT CAN BE SHAKEN SHALL BE SHAKEN
Jehanne D'Arc's trial for witchcraft or heresy, and her subsequent execution was not an isolated incident, but rather part of a broader spectrum, concerning a "spiritual awakening" that was taking place in Britain and Europe. Between 1428 and 1434, 200 were executed at Valois, France for the charge of witchcraft. There were 167 executed in l'Isere, and 150 executed in riancon in 1437.The Catholic church had for centuries held a monopoly over Europe, with it's false doctrines, and this was being shaken and the citizens of Europe loosed into the liberty of the Spirit found only in Messiah.
In 1208 AD, in France; tradition states "The Blessed Lady" appears to St. Dominic with a Rosary in her hand, in response to his prayers to her for help concerning the Albigensians, a religious group in the 12th to 13th centuries which did not believe in the trinity.
The camisards in the Cevennes, were also not trinitarians, because the church was coming into an understanding of Matthew 28:19, and the fact that the apostles interpreted Yeshua's words, to baptize by total immersian, into the name (singular) of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, NOT to mean a plurality of persons, but a description rather of the fulness of the Godhead dwelling in Messiah, so they baptized without exception into the name of Yeshua haMashiach. This concurs with Deut. 6:4, "Hear O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord." Yeshua stated this belief is part of the first and greatest commandment.
A scribe asked Jesus: Which is the first of all the commandments? Jesus replied: This is the first, Hear O Israel! The Lord our God is Lord alone! Therefore you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength. This is the second: You shall love your neighbor as yourself. There is no other commandment greater than these.
I can assure you that this vision of the Catholic clergyman, Dominic; was from a lying apparition that was a deceiving demonic spirit, like that which appeared to Eve, in the Garden of Eden. Yeshua haMashiach's/Jesus the Messiah's mother Mary knew Christian doctrine better than most, having been in the upper room with the 120 who received and been baptized in the promised Holy Spirit with the evidence of speaking in other tongues. (Acts 1:14, 2:1-38) Yeshua taught "not to use vain repetitions in prayer as the heathen do." So Mary would not have contradicted this personal belief in her own Messiah, and given Dominic a rosary so he could pray "Hail Mary's!"
Dominic was but one Catholic clergyman who was quite alarmed at the gospel being spread, for the real saints, were repudiating the pope as speaking without error, the worship of saints, use of relics, etc.
The fact is that with every trial of heresy, even among those who were born again, Spirit filled Christians, the Catholic church made vile allegations, and these remain recorded in church history. Similar charges were brought against Jews. So I only state that we cannot be certain that records are always correct. First, observe who wrote the records, their character, and motives. Secondly, look at the fruit. Jehanne was a devout , not unlike Cornelius in the bible, to whom an angel came.
There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of the band called the Italian band,
10:2 A devout man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway.
10:3 He saw in a vision evidently about the ninth hour of the day an angel of God coming in to him, and saying unto him, Cornelius.
10:4 And when he looked on him, he was afraid, and said, What is it, Lord? And he said unto him, Thy prayers and thine alms are come up for a memorial before God.
10:5 And now send men to Joppa, and call for one Simon, whose surname is Peter:
10:6 He lodgeth with one Simon a tanner, whose house is by the sea side: he shall tell thee what thou oughtest to do.
10:7 And when the angel which spake unto Cornelius was departed, he called two of his household servants, and a devout soldier of them that waited on him continually;
10:8 And when he had declared all these things unto them, he sent them to Joppa.
10:9 On the morrow, as they went on their journey, and drew nigh unto the city, Peter went up upon the housetop to pray about the sixth hour:
10:10 And he became very hungry, and would have eaten: but while they made ready, he fell into a trance,
10:11 And saw heaven opened, and a certain vessel descending upon him, as it had been a great sheet knit at the four corners, and let down to the earth:
10:12 Wherein were all manner of fourfooted beasts of the earth, and wild beasts, and creeping things, and fowls of the air.
10:13 And there came a voice to him, Rise, Peter; kill, and eat.
10:14 But Peter said, Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten any thing that is common or unclean.
10:15 And the voice spake unto him again the second time, What God hath cleansed, that call not thou common.
10:16 This was done thrice: and the vessel was received up again into heaven.
10:17 Now while Peter doubted in himself what this vision which he had seen should mean, behold, the men which were sent from Cornelius had made enquiry for Simon's house, and stood before the gate,
10:18 And called, and asked whether Simon, which was surnamed Peter, were lodged there.
10:19 While Peter thought on the vision, the Spirit said unto him, Behold, three men seek thee.
10:20 Arise therefore, and get thee down, and go with them, doubting nothing: for I have sent them.
10:21 Then Peter went down to the men which were sent unto him from Cornelius; and said, Behold, I am he whom ye seek: what is the cause wherefore ye are come?
10:22 And they said, Cornelius the centurion, a just man, and one that feareth God, and of good report among all the nation of the Jews, was warned from God by an holy angel to send for thee into his house, and to hear words of thee.
10:23 Then called he them in, and lodged them. And on the morrow Peter went away with them, and certain brethren from Joppa accompanied him.
10:24 And the morrow after they entered into Caesarea. And Cornelius waited for them, and he had called together his kinsmen and near friends.
10:25 And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and worshipped him.
10:26 But Peter took him up, saying, Stand up; I myself also am a man.
10:27 And as he talked with him, he went in, and found many that were come together.
10:28 And he said unto them, Ye know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company, or come unto one of another nation; but God hath shewed me that I should not call any man common or unclean.
10:29 Therefore came I unto you without gainsaying, as soon as I was sent for: I ask therefore for what intent ye have sent for me?
10:30 And Cornelius said, Four days ago I was fasting until this hour; and at the ninth hour I prayed in my house, and, behold, a man stood before me in bright clothing,
10:31 And said, Cornelius, thy prayer is heard, and thine alms are had in remembrance in the sight of God.
10:32 Send therefore to Joppa, and call hither Simon, whose surname is Peter; he is lodged in the house of one Simon a tanner by the sea side: who, when he cometh, shall speak unto thee.
10:33 Immediately therefore I sent to thee; and thou hast well done that thou art come. Now therefore are we all here present before God, to hear all things that are commanded thee of God.
10:34 Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God is no respecter of persons:
10:35 But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him.
10:36 The word which God sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Yeshua haMashiach/Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:)
10:37 That word, I say, ye know, which was published throughout all Judaea, and began from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached;
10:38 How God anointed Yeshua/Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.
10:39 And we are witnesses of all things which he did both in the land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree:
10:40 Him God raised up the third day, and shewed him openly;
10:41 Not to all the people, but unto witnesses chosen before God, even to us, who did eat and drink with him after he rose from the .
10:42 And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and .
10:43 To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins.
10:44 While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word.
10:45 And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost.
10:46 For they heard them speak with tongues, and magnify God. Then answered Peter,
10:47 Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized, which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we?
10:48 And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. (Yeshua haMashiach/Jesus Christ. See: Acts 2:38, Acts 8:16, Acts 19:5) Then prayed they him to tarry certain days.
THE DOOR TO ETERNAL LIFE THROUGH CHRIST:
Concerning mikva or water baptism in Yeshua haMashiach/Jesus Christ's name...Are converts "sprinkled?" No! Water baptism in the name of the Yesha haMashiach/the Lord Jesus Christ symbolizes dying to one's sinful lifestyle, being buried with Christ who knew no sin, but became sin as He hung on the cruel cross for all men, and paid the ransom price. When you rise up out of the water, it symbolizes you arising as the Lord arose from the grave. You will now walk with Him in newness of life.
Jehanne D'Arc was a chaste virgin, whose moral character was known to all her village. As leader of an army, would not tolorate immoral women following her army, and personally drove them away. She was a prophetess, with an excellent track record for accuracy. Though she had been taught to pray the "Our Father," she is observed praying directly to Yeshua haMashiach/Jesus Christ, as we see disciples do in the book of Acts 9.
Also be aware that in reformation times, as people came into further revelation, there was often a mixture, of truth and error.
CHRISTIANS IN MIDDLE AGES THROUGH OF THEMSELVES AS CATHOLIC:
Among those coming into the light of Christ, through the holy scriptures, we see the Waldensians saw themselves as Roman Catholics who were carrying the doctrines of Christianity further than their weaker brethren. So excited were they about their faith, that they sent a delegation to the third Lateran Council in 1179 to obtain Papal approval of their work. There they were examined by an English friar, Walter Mapes, who in 1184 was in Rome for the council. He recounts,
Waldensian men were included in the Roman Council held by Pope Alexander the Third. They were simple and unlearned individuals, called from the name of their founder, Valdo, who was a citizen of Lyons on the Rhone, who gave the Pope a book written in the old Provencal language,15 in which there were texts and comments of the Psalms, and of many books of the Old and New Testament.16 When questioned about their belief in the mother of Christ, they said: We believe. But they did not state in what way they believed. The court broke out in laughter because according to Scholastic Theology, one could only use the formula "believe in" with reference to the Trinity. After this conversation, the delegation "withdrew, covered with disgrace," because they had fallen for a trick question. The Waldensians were commanded to stop preaching immediately, and obey their bishop.
At this time, there appeared to be no serious issue of doctrine at stake. The Waldensian dispute then, centered on the issue of authority. They had been allowed in the 1300's to translated the scriptures, study, and they'd preached what they believed.
Melia declares, when John a Bellismanibus, Archbishop of Lyons, about the year 1182, forbade them both to preach and...expelled them from his diocese; no mention was made of their holding any doctrine at variance with the teaching of the Church: they were simply expelled because, being laymen and illiterate, they presumed, against the prohibition of their superiors, to preach, and exercise an office which was confided to the Apostles and to their successors only.
They argued they could receive revelation directly from their translated Bibles, rather than from the Roman Church. Alan of Lille put in his chapter entitled, "By what authority and for what reason it is shown that no one ought to preach unless he has permission from the Bishop?"
Waldus, was accused of being not sent by God--of founding a new sect and presuming to preach without the authority of the Bishop, without divine inspiration, without knowledge, and without literacy. Of being an irrational philosopher, a prophet without a vision, an apostle without a mission, a teacher without an instructor, and his foolish disciples having been guilty of leading simple folk astray in many parts of the world. So remember, that during this early period, it was not unusual, for those coming into true salvation through the cross of Christ, to have this affiliation with the Roman Catholic church, until that is, that dragon persecuted them, and sent forth a torrent of persecution against them.
JEANNE D'ARC'S "PRIVATE EXAMINATIONS"
Jehanne D'Arc was interrogated by a series of "private examinations," consisting of a number of male inquisitors and witnesses, consisting of Jean delafontaine, Nicolas Midi, Gerard Feuillet, with witnesses de Houbent and Ysambard de la Pierre. Who were some of these men? Would you as a Christian, want to be arrested and tried by them?
Having read Catholic testimonies of other "saints" throughout history, and the kangaroo courts which convicted them of heresy, (especially if they came into an understanding of salvation through Yeshua haMashiach/Jesus Christ, of healing, prophecy, Pentecost, or a revelation of the trappings of the Harlot with all of it's relics, such as holy blood, bones of saints, a holy grail the idolatrous frenzy over which sparked the Crusades, enough splinters of the cross to build a grand cathedral, (or 450 denominations) etc. The Protestant reformer Martin Luther only named 95 observances) you gain a deeper understanding of this subject.
As Promoter from the Holy Inquisition, Messier Jean d'Estivet, Canon of the Churches of Bayeux and Beauvais.
1. As Promoter from the Holy Inquisition, Messier Jean d'Estivet, Canon of the Churches of Bayeux and Beauvais.
2. As Registrar of his office, Messier Nicolas Taquel, Priest of the Diocese of Rouen, Notary Public and Registrar of the Archiepiscopal Court of Rouen.
3. As Executor of his Orders and Citations, Messier Jean Massieu, Priest.
4. As keepers of the prison, the noble man, John Grey, Squire of the Body Guard of Our Lord the King, and John Berwoit. These, We, the Bishop, had, with the exception of Messier Nicolas Taquel, but only in that which concerns Our office, already appointed to the same functions, as confirmed for Our part in the letters above quoted, and as confirmed by the said Inquisitor by his letters, of which mention follows. The said officers did then take oath, between the hands of the said Deputy, to faithfully fulfill their functions.
For many hundreds of years the Catholic church refused to recognize Jehanne d'Arc. If she were their own, would it have been this way? What about her did they find so offensive? Were you to know the truth about many of those who broke away from the Catholic faith during the inquisition, the charges used against them, to execute them were fabricated. The records contained in vaults within the Vatican, are ficticious. But heaven knows...The foundation of God stands sure...The Lord knows them that are His.
Was Jehanne His? As I've said: God knows...But it is interesting to note that as she was being burned at the stake on false charges, she exhibited the same quality which Mashiach/Christ manifested on the Cross: Forgiveness. ehanne called out to the crowd, "I beg all of you standing there to forgive any harm I have done, as I forgive you the harm you have done me." Within a quarter-century, her conviction as a heretic was overturned. She was still not considered a saint exactly--by the Catholic church till 1920.
CHALLENGING THE SOURCE OF JEHANNE'S VOICES:
While none of this article should be taken as an endorcement for the Catholic church, in the dark ages, or even in France during the reformation, there was not always opportunity to live near those who had come out of the Catholic church though belief in the atoning work of Yeshua haMashiach/Jesus Christ.
The common people could not read the scriptures. The educated clergy, were indoctrinated with a traditional but anti-scriptural belief system. Truely biblical concepts might best be discovered in the artwork of a stained glass window of a cathedral, if one might chance to gaze on a work of this sort, depicting the finished work of Christ in the cross of calvary. But the artists of that era, had such rigid control exercized over them, that they were actually told what they could paint, or not paint. God had to fill in many gaps by dreams, visions and revelation, and He did.
Jehanne D'Arc did not believe her voices had deceived her. As the flames rose high around her, she bowed her head calling on the name of Yeshua haMashiach/Jesus the Messiah," so loudly that it was heard throughout the square, by the townspeople present that day. The bible says: And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved! (Acts 2:21)
The scriptures are clear enough that God does speak to other than born again, Spirit filled people. But in the biblical accounts, such as that of Cornelius, the centurion; an angel appeared to him, with the express mission from God, to tell him how he could have eternal life. (Acts 10:1-31)
Voices came to Jehanne, but nothing in the narratives I've read indicate that she knew how to "test the voices" to see whether these was from God. They may have all been angels. Did angels talk with people in the New Testament? Yes. They spoke with people on a number of occasions, such as Apostle Paul's warning of an impending shipwreck.(Acts 27:23) To the aged Apostle John, who was exiled on the Isle of Patmos. (Revelation 1)
As stated earlier in this article, we know from church history, that from the time Wycliff's bible was translated from Latin into the language of the common people, and published, a decisive blow was dealt to the doctrinal error, which had long held Britain and Europe in .
Wycliff was burned at the stake, and many of his bible's confiscated. There was an inquisition in the 1400's, with the Catholic church dealing rigorously with anything they felt departed from the Roman Catholic religion, and hundreds from various villages in France were executed. Jehanne d'Arc was an influencial woman, whose presence threatned to fan the flames of revival, rather than extinguish them, as the Catholic church at this time was attempting to do.
COUNTERFEIT SIGNS & WONDERS?
The bible warns that perilous times will come, and of seducing spirits, and people will give heed to these spirits and to doctrines of demons. (1 Tim. 4:1) The fact that good comes from hearing a voice, is in itself not indicative that the source is genuinely God. There may at times be a mixture of God's voice and Satan's opposing voice, or that of demons. The fact that a mission does not end in total success, doesn't determine whether the visions are genuine. Many true saints have lost their lives while engaged in a mission for God.
The scriptures, which are our sole rule of the Christian faith, do not advocate praying to the Virgin Mary or to saints, whether one sees a vision or an apparition or not. Praise, worship, and prayer in the bible, is always to be directed to God, through His Son Jesus Christ.
It is true that in Europe, and other places, the Catholic church is often predominently in control. There is literally no other church to attend. Of those calling themselves Protestants, i.e. those that disagree with Catholic doctrine, because they observe that it departs from scripture,and does not teach a biblical view of salvation, often cannot find a church to attend. In these highly Catholic areas, a person who breaks off from the Catholic church, may find it difficult to find employment. Some of them continue to attend the Catholic church, for a time after they become Protestant believers, believing in justification by faith.
It also takes time, for individuals to be transformed by the renewing of their minds, through a careful study of God's word. The 450 demoninations calling themselves Christian today, are evidence, that people are in process. Many of these would not be considered by a biblical test of the faith to be considered Christian. The bible teaches: Examine yourselves, see whether ye be in the faith. We are not to have a spirit of fear, the bible says: But of love, power and sound judgment. (2 Timothy 1:7) With God's grace and the boldness He supplies the disciples of Yeshua haMashiach/Jesus the Messiah with, we can obey the command:
Be not unequally yoked together with unbelievers:for what fellowship has righteousness with unrighteousness? And what communion has light with darkness? And what concord hath Christ with Belial? And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? For ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said: I will dwell in them, and walk in them, and I will be their God and they shall be my people.
Wherefore come out from among them, and be separate says the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing, and I will receive you and be a Father to you, and you shall be my sons and daughters saith the Lord God Almighty. (2 Cor. 6:14-17)
Jehanne in many ways "examined" her inquisitors, in a way that we often see Christian martyrs do. God in His word says:
You will be brought before kings and rulers for My sake. Settle it in your hearts therefore not to meditate before what ye shall answer:For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist." (Luke 21:14)
In the bible, we see God uses many things to His glory. The Jewish high priest Caiapus, in the time of Christ, prophesied "It's expedient for one man to die for the sins of the people."
While, history does not state this specifically, Jehanne d'Arc demonstrated behaviors usually thought to be charismatic in nature. The fact that Catholic records say she told authorities St. Margaret and St. Catherine talked to her, doesn't mean she identified the source of the voices correctly herself. She said the arch angel Michael spoke with her, from a brilliant light, with other angels with him. Those she identified as St. Catherine and St. Margaret may have actually been more angels of the heavenly host, if indeed she did have a visitation of angels.
The authorities may have lied. Did she do these things by the power of deceiving demonic spirits? Or did she call upon Yeshua haMashiach/Lord Jesus Christ in prayer, as is evident at the time of her martyrdom?
- February 1429: Jehanne announced that the French armies were defeated. An official messenger arrived at Vaucoleurs, several days later, and confirmed this to be true.
- It was testified at her retrial: "She was able to execute many marvellous maneuvers which had not been thought of by two or three accomplished generals working together.
- She heard a man curse, and rebuked him saying: You did curse God, you who are so near to ? An hour later, he fell into the water and was drowned.
- Though the Dauphin was mixed among those of the court, she picked him out from among his attendants, having never seen him before.
- Jehanne predicted that she would be captured my mid-summer day. She was taken near Compienge on May 23, 1430.
- Jehanne claimed the voices told her: Have no care for thy martyrdom, for in the end you will come to the kingdom of Paradise. She died in the flames, calling loudly on the name of Yeshua/Lord Jesus.
- She told Charles to make full use of her as she would only last for another year and a little more. At her retrial, the priest Jean Pasquerel testified that she has stated: "Tomorrow blood shall flow from my body above the breast." This occurred precisely as she described. She was shot with an arrow which she pulled out herself.
- Jehanne announded that within 7 years, the English would suffer a far greater defeat than any they had at Orlean,losing everything to France. Paris was lost to Henry VI on November 12,1437, six years and eight mos after Jehanne's declaration.
We must also consider however, that much of her life story has been propagated by the Catholic church, which also helped put her to death, in doing nothing to help vindicate her. Cauchon the Bishop of Beauvais, was her presiding judge, who had been heard to declare that he did not intend for her to die a natural . To him, Jehanne said: "Bishop: I die through you, for this I summon you before God." On the last page of Jehanne's court trial record, appear the marks from the sealing wax next to the signatures of Bishop Cauchon and the Inquisitor of France, Jean Lemaitre.
ST. MICHEL, ST. MARGARET & ST. CATHERINE:
What of the voices Jehanne heard which identified themselves as "Michael the Archangel, guardian of Israel, accompanied by other angels? St. Catherine, or St. Margaret? It's said that Jehanne d' Arc could neither read scripture or write. Would God appear to her in visions in something familiar to her? Catholics are quite familiar with the lives of saints, and the saints she heard from, were not Catholic per se, but from history, appear to have been bible believing Christians. The Catholic church has long claimed the majority of bible believing martyred Christian saints, as if they were edherents of the Catholic religion, but this is not true.
Concerning Jehanne d'Arc, there is not enough known of what was transmitted to her by way of these voices, to know if she was given a salvation message in this way. Stories are told of the Lord Jesus Himself appearing to people of various countries, in which the gospel was not readily available. Paul saw a vision of an unknown man from Macedonia, saying: Come over here and help us. And we have the example of the martyred souls under the alter, crying out, in the book of Revelation.
Communication with the the devil or dead is considered necromancy, in scripture and is witchcraft, such as in the case as King Saul consulting the witch of Endor. Jeremiah the Prophet however, receives a prophetic word from the Lord in which Rachel, long since dead, is seen weeping for her children, and refusing to be comforted. God uses this to portray a spiritual truth. Rachel does not attempt in the vision. (Jeremiah 31:15, Matt. 2:18) Rachel was of the Jewish faith, considered one of the covenant keeping people of God, through "blood covenant," in the Old Testament. When God changes the covenant, you do not get a New God, but you familiarize yourself with the terms of the New Covenant, so that you can obey this. The covenant with God now in effect, was prophesied for many thousands of years. It's through the atoning work of the "blood of Yeshua haMashiach/Jesus Christ. This was the blood covenant in effect at the time of the Maid of Orleans, Jehanne D'Arc. Salvation did not come then, nor does it come now, by doing penance, kissing relics etc.
- St. Michael"
Michael, designated in scripture as "one of the chief princes," is the angel who came to the Prophet Daniel. In another angel's words concerning Michael, the Archangel, and the concern of God and angels for the destiny of nations, we read:
O Daniel, greatly beloved, understand the words that I speak unto thee, and stand upright: for unto thee am I now sent. And when he had spoken this word, I stood trembling. Then he said to me: Fear not Daniel: for from the first day that thou didst set thine heart to understand, and to chasten thyself before God, thy words (prayers) were heard. But the (demonic) Prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me, 21 days, but lo Michael of the Chief Princes, came to help me, and I remained there with the kings of Persia. (Daniel 10:13
(Daniel 10:21, 12:1)
(Jude 9,) (Rev. 12:7)
- St. Margaret of Antioch:
Margaret of Antioch is said to have been a Christian virgin, of the 3rd or 4th century, at the time she was martyred. Her father was a pagan priest in Pisidian Antioch, Asia Minor, a region Paul visited and preached, on one of his many missionary journies. Her mother died when she was an infant, and she was raised by a Christian woman. Her father disowned her, and her nurse adopted her.
A Roman prefect saw her tending sheep, and made some unholy advances. When she refused, he denounced her as a Christian, and she was brought to trial. When she refused to worship idols, the authorities tried to burn her, then to boil her in a caldron, but her prayers left her unharmed, as a sign to them. She was beheaded under the reign of the Emperor Diocletian, which was one of the most severe persecutions of the church in all of church history. She is sometimes depicted with her foot on the dragons head or neck.
- St. Catherine of Alexandria:
Catherine of Alexandria, also known as Dorothea of Alexandria, was born in 284 AD. She presented herself to the Emperor, who was violently persecuting Christians at that time, upbraiding him for his cruelty, and proving to him the folly of worshipping false gods. Catherine was beheaded by the Roman emperor Maximus for incessantly criticizing him for his worship of pagan idols. The emperor summoned scholars, that they might use their skills to force her to apostacize. But when several of these adversaries declared that they came to be Christans through her testimony of Christ, they were killed. Maximinus had Catherine scourged and imprisoned.
The scriptures themseves reveal the identity of our Messiah, Yeshua haMashiach/Jesus Christ; to be the great God Himself, who clothed himself in flesh, and came to earth, as Saviour of the World. His primary concern is, and was in Jehanne of Arc's day, for the salvation of the human soul, not just saving France from English invasion. This was the major focus of the atonement. But the bible itself, as the source of truth, is that which God has given to judge truth from error.
Could it be that God used Joan of Arc as a warrior to save France, intending to use her fiery trial,to turn herself, family, and country to Him? That,perhaps only heaven can reveal, when we see the Lord face to face, at His Coming.
Tom & Alana Campbell 5214 South 2nd Avenue Everett, Washington 98203-4113 Telephone (425) 252-2981