Topic and Concluding
1. It is the first sentence in a
2. It introduces the main idea of the paragraph
3. Summarize the main idea of your paragraph. Indicate
to the reader what your paragraph will be about.
Most topic sentences are statement
sentences. And some topic sentences can be written in the form of a
STATEMENT TOPIC SENTENCE: Many
new customs stem from old traditions.
QUESTION TOPIC SENTENCE: Do you know
how many new customs stem from old traditions?
Most topic sentences appear at the
beginning of paragraphs. However, a topic sentence in the middle of a
paragraph can unite the sentences that come before and after it. A topic
sentence at the end of a paragraph serves as a clincher sentence to
ensure that the reader has a firm grasp of your idea.
YOUR TURN 1. Underline the topic
sentence in the paragraph below.
1. A number of people today
claim that they do not believe in superstitions. But yet and still they
get scared when they break a mirror or spill salt. Superstitions come
from other customs from olden times. People did not understand how many
things happened in the world; they could not understand it to explain
it. So, they were in fear of the things that they could not understand.
Turn the topic sentence into a
question, and write it in its question form below.
An effective paragraph requires a good
concluding sentence. A concluding sentence can do any of the following:
clinch an argument; give a personal opinion; restate the topic sentence;
ask a question; announce a conclusion or decision.
2. Slang usually develops in
certain patterns. It may begin with an individual who wishes to attract
attention or who needs a new way to express something. Slang may also
begin with a group. Some groups need to use a technical language; others
wish to keep what they are saying secret. In any case, slang words move
into the language when the people of a region pick up its use from the
Which one of the sentences below would
make a better concluding sentence. Put a check in the triangle.
What kind of slang do you find
So, as the pattern develops, an
entire culture may later begin using the slang.