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If you decide to take any photos or information from this website, please include my name (Ryan Wadleigh) and url address as a citation. Thank you.

© Copyright 2016 Ryan Wadleigh

Royal and Indian Ancestry

One of the pitfalls of genealogy is that it involves human error. People are unfortunately picky and choosy about who they care to be related to. As a result of this, it is common for Anglo-Saxon genealogies in America to claim descent from royalty or from Native Americans. Most of these claims are unsubstantiated and unproven. I have come across at least 12 lines in my ancestry that researchers have claimed to be descended from royalty. Only one of these lines (Reade line, below) is proven to descend from royalty. The others claims range from absurd to highly likely.

My ancestral lines also claim four possible Native American ancestries and one Moroccan one, all of which are unproven.

Proven Royal Ancestry: Reade Line
This line is so far the only royal connection in my family tree that has been proven. Unlike nearly all of our other immigrant ancestors, George Reade was a wealthy man of influence when he immigrated to the English colonies. His descent from Edward III is well documented.
Edward III King of England (1312-1377) married Philippa of Hainault
-their son, John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (1340-1399) married Katherine de Roet
--their daughter, Joan Beaufort (c. 1379-1440) married Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmorland
---their daughter, Eleanor Neville (c. 1399-1472) married Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland - Henry was the great-great-grandson of Edward III
----their son, Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland (1421-1461) married Eleanor Poynings - Eleanor was a descendant of Edward I
-----their daughter, Margaret Percy (c. 1449-a. 1483) married Sir William Gascoigne - William was a great-great-great-grandson of Edward III
-------their daughter, Elizabeth Gascoigne (c. 1471-c. 1559) married George Tailboys, Lord of Kyme - George was a descendant of Edward I
--------their daughter, Anne Tailboys (c. 1508-c. 1566) married Edward Dymoke Lord of Scrivelsby - Edward was a descendant of Edward I
---------their daughter, Frances Dymoke (c. 1536-c. 1611) married Sir Thomas Windebank
----------their daughter, Mildred Windebanke (1585-1630) married Robert Reade
-----------their son, George Reade (1608-1671) married Elizabeth Martiau
------------their daughter, Mildred Reade (1643-1694) married Augustine Warner
-------------their daughter, Elizabeth Warner (1672-1720) married John Lewis
--------------their son, Charles Lewis (1696-1771) married Mary Howell
---------------their daughter, Anne Lewis (1733-1811) married Edmund Taylor
----------------their daughter, Mary Taylor (1760-1847) married Dr. John Brodie
-----------------their son, David Brodie (1792-1871) married Susan M. Sthreshley
------------------their daughter, Ethalinda E. Brodie (1826-1912) married Thomas A. Jones
-------------------their son, Thomas A. Jones (1856-1928) married Lee P. Whitlock
--------------------their daughter, Louetha Jones (1894-1963) married Newell B. Brown
---------------------their daughter, Bettye B. Brown married Paul C. Wadleigh
----------------------their son, David R. Wadleigh married Barbara A. Plymale
-----------------------their son, Ryan J. Wadleigh
Highly likely Royal Ancestry: Keene Line
This connection is not provable because of the below disclaimer concerning the identity of Thomas Keene. Despite this, I still believe that the connection is valid but it would be irresponsible to accept it as fact.

Edward I, King of England (1239-1307) married Eleanor of Castille
-their daughter, Elizabeth of England (1282-1316) married Humphrey De Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex
--their son, William De Bohun, Earl of Northampton (c. 1312-1360) married Elizabeth Badlesmere
---their daughter, Elizabeth De Bohun (c. 1350-1385) married Richard Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel
----their daughter, Elizabeth Fitzalan (c. 1366-1425) married Robert Goushill
-----their daughter, Elizabeth Goushill (c. 1402-bef. 1454) married Sir Robert Wingfield
------their son, Sir John Wingfield (c. 1430-1481) married Elizabeth Fitzlewis
-------their son, Sir John Wingfield (c. 1450-1509) married Anne Tuchet
--------their son, Sir Anthony Wingfield (c. 1475-1553) married Elizabeth Vere
---------their daughter, Elizabeth Wingfield (c. 1515-1592) married William Naunton
----------their daughter, Ursula Naunton (c. 1540-1615) married Robert Gosnold, Esq.
-----------their daughter, Elizabeth Gosnold (c. 1570-aft. 1615) married Thomas Keene
------------* their son, Thomas Keene (c. 1593-1652) married Mary Thorley
-------------their son, William Keene (1642-1684) married Elizabeth Rogers
--------------their son, William Keene (1665-1700) married Ann Therriatt
---------------their daughter, Elizabeth Keene (c. 1701-bef. 1744) married Thomas Lee
----------------their daughter, Elizabeth Lee (c. 1733-1770) married Anthony Dibrell
-----------------their daughter, Leanna Dibrell (c. 1759-1830's) married Michael Jones
------------------their son, Anthony D. Jones (1780-1824) married Martha M. Woodson
-------------------their son, Thomas A. Jones (1822-1857) married Ethalinda E. Brodie
--------------------their son, Thomas A. Jones (1856-1928) married Lee P. Whitlock
---------------------their daughter, Louetha Jones (1894-1963) married Newell B. Brown
----------------------their daughter, Bettye B. Brown married Paul C. Wadleigh
-----------------------their son, David R. Wadleigh married Barbara A. Plymale
------------------------their son, Ryan J. Wadleigh
* There is no evidence that Thomas Keene of Virginia was the son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Gosnold) Keene of England. We do know that Thomas and Elizabeth Keene had a son named Thomas of the right age to be our Thomas of Virginia. We also know that they had some nephews who moved to Virginia in the same time period. Other than this circumstantial evidence, no known source proves the connection.
Possible Royal Ancestry: Manning Line

This ancestral line has been traced with certainty back to England. The problem in this line lies with the identity of Hugh Manning's wife. Although she has been identified in previous sources as the daughter of William Brandon, this connection apparently is not corroborated in any contemporary sources, when it should have been.

Edward I, King of England (1239-1307) married Eleanor of Castile
-their daughter, Elizabeth of England (1282-1316) married Humphrey De Bohun Earl of Hereford and Essex
--their son, William De Bohun, Earl of Northampton (c. 1312-1360) married Elizabeth Badlesmere
---their daughter, Elizabeth De Bohun (c. 1350-1385) married Richard Fitzalan, Earl of Arundel
----their daughter, Elizabeth Fitzalan (c. 1366-1425) married Robert Goushill
-----their daughter, Elizabeth Goushill (c. 1402-bef. 1454) married Sir Robert Wingfield
------their daughter, Elizabeth Wingfield (c. 1431-1496) married William Brandon
-------* their daughter, Miss Brandon (c. 1460-???) married Hugh Manning
--------their son, John Manning (c. 1480-1542) married Agnes Petley
---------their son, George Manning (c. 1520-1582) married Joan Wallis
----------their daughter, Phebe Manning (c. 1570-c. 1642) married James Waters
-----------their son, Richard Waters (1604-1677) married Rejoice Plaise
------------their daughter, Sarah Waters (c. 1630-1700) married Joshua Ray
-------------their son, Joshua Ray (1664-1710) married Elizabeth Leach
--------------their daughter, Hannah Ray (1693-1786) married John Humiston
---------------their daughter, Mary Humiston (1718-1806) married Phillip Mattoon
----------------their daughter, Jerusha Mattoon (1742-1827) married Eliasaph Merriman
-----------------their son, Amos Merriman (1760-c. 1829) married Abigail
------------------their son, Reuben Merriman (1790-1842) married Betsy Bennett
-------------------their son, William H. Merriman (1825-1877) married Artinecia Riddle
--------------------their son, George F. Merriman (1855-1915) married Mary E. Murray
---------------------their daughter, Vera V. Merriman (1896-1974) married Benjamin H. Plymale
----------------------their son, Ben T. Plymale (1926-1981) married Patricia J. Bixby
-----------------------their daughter, Barbara A. Plymale married David R. Wadleigh
------------------------their son, Ryan J. Wadleigh
* One source indicates that Hugh Manning married a daughter of William Brandon. Different researchers have listed her name as Margaret, Eleanor and Elizabeth, yet the daughters of those names were listed as marrying different people. The greatest likelihood is that if she really was William's daughter, that she was the "younger" Margaret (he had two daughters named Margaret).
Possible Royal Ancestry: Bradbury Line
I believe that this is a relatively sound, proven line, but cannot vouch for accuracy.

John King of England (1167-1216) had a relationship with Adele de Warenne
-their son, Richard FitzRoy (c. 1190-1246) married Rohese De Dover
--their daughter, Lorette De Dover married Sir William De Marmion
---their son, John De Marmion married Maud Furnival
----their daughter, Joan Marmion married Sir John Bernake
-----their daughter, Maude Bernake married Sir Ralph De Cromwell
------their daughter, Maude Cromwell married Sir William Fitzwilliam
-------their son, Sir John Fitzwilliam married Eleanor Greene
--------their daughter, Jane Fitzwilliam married William Bradbury
---------their son, Matthew Bradbury (c. 1505-1585) married Margaret Rowse
----------their son, William Bradbury (c. 1544-1622) married Anne Eden
-----------their son, Wymond Bradbury (1574-1650) married Elizabeth Whitgift
------------their son, Thomas Bradbury (1611-1695) married Mary Perkins
-------------their daughter, Jane Bradbury (1645-1730) married Henry True
--------------their son, William True (1670-1734) married Eleanor Stevens
---------------their son, Benjamin True (1694-1779) married Judith Morrill
----------------their son, Abraham True (1721-1812) married Sarah French
-----------------their daughter, Sarah True (1748-1780's) married Josiah Tilton
------------------their son, Josiah Tilton (1778-1860) married Sarah Dearborn
-------------------their son, Jeremiah D. Tilton (1816-1893) married Abigail S. Freese
--------------------their daughter, Abigail R. Tilton (1842-1929) married John B. Wadleigh
---------------------their son, Oscar S. Wadleigh (1865-1932) married Charlotte F. Winters
----------------------their son, Odin F. Wadleigh (1888-1964) married Louise E. Custer
-----------------------their son, Paul C. Wadleigh married Bettye B. Brown
------------------------their son, David R. Wadleigh married Barbara A. Plymale
-------------------------their son, Ryan J. Wadleigh
Possible Royal Ancestry: Lyman Line
I have not done any research on this line to vouch for accuracy, but have come across no red flags from other researchers concerning its validity.

Henry I King of England (1068-1135) had a relationship with Sybil Corbet
-their son, Robert De Caen, Earl of Gloucester, (c. 1090-1147) married Maud Fitzhammon
--their daughter, Matilda De Caen (c. 1120-1189) married Ranuph De Meschines, Earl of Chester
---their son, Hugh De Meschines (1147-1181) married Bertrade De Montfort
----their daughter, Hawise De Meschines (1180-1243) married Robert De Quincy
-----their son, Roger De Quincy Earl of Winchester (c. 1205-1264) married Helen of Galloway
------their daughter, Elizabeth De Quincy (c. 1223-1282) married Alexander Comyon, Earl of Buchan
-------their daughter, Elizabeth Comyn (c. 1248-1328) married Gilbert De Umfreville Earl of Angus
--------their son, Robert De Umfreville Earl of Angus (c. 1277-1324) married Alianore
---------their son, Sir Thomas De Umfreville (c. 1322-1387) married Joan De Roddam
----------their son, Sir Thomas De Umfreville (c. 1361-1391) married Agnes
-----------their daughter, Joan De Umfreville (c. 1387-) married William Lambert
------------their son, Robert Lambert (c. 1396-) married unknown
-------------their son, Henry Lambert (c. 1447-aft. 1474) married unknown
--------------their daughter, Elizabeth Lambert (c. 1474-c. 1540) married Thomas Lyman
---------------their son, Henry Lyman (1496-1517) married Alicia Hyde
----------------their son, John Lyman (1516-1587) married Margaret Gerard
-----------------their son, Henry Lyman (c. 1552-1605) married Elizabeth Rande
------------------their son, Richard Lyman (1580-1640) married Sarah Osborne
-------------------their daughter, Phyllis Lyman (1611-1648) married William Hills
--------------------their son, William Hills (1646-1693) married Sarah Elson
---------------------their daughter, Hannah Hills (c. 1672-1743) married William Butler
----------------------their son, John Butler (1707-1748) married Sarah Foster
-----------------------their son, Thomas Butler (c. 1745-1826) married Jane White
------------------------their daughter, Hannah Butler (1772-1866) married Peter Thurston
-------------------------their son, Reuben H. Thurston (1806-1880) married Mary M. Brooks
--------------------------their son, Irvin H. Thurston (1828-1887) married Lydia E. Dunham
---------------------------their daughter, Julia M. Thurston (1864-1946) married Henry W. Bixby
----------------------------their son, Neil F. Bixby (1893-1985) married Bertha Hoffman
-----------------------------their daughter, Patricia J. Bixby (1928-2008) married Ben T. Plymale
------------------------------their daughter, Barbara A. Plymale married Ben T. Plymale
-------------------------------their son, Ryan J. Wadleigh
Possible Royal Ancestry: Blount Line
This line is relatively well accepted and there is little reason to doubt it. Some of the earliest connections in this line may be questionable. Additionally, there is no proof that William Ballard's wife Grace was the daughter of Thomas and Ann Berwick. The connection is so circumstantially likely though, that most researchers have accepted it as fact.

John King of England (1167-1216) has a relationship with Adele De Warenne
-their son, Richard FitzRoy (c. 1190-1246) married Rohese De Dover
--their daughter, Lorette De Dover married Sir William De Marmion
---their son, John De Marmion married Maud Furnival
----their daughter, Joan De Marmion married Sir John Bernake
-----their daughter, Maud Bernake married Sir Ralph Cromwell
------their daughter, Mary Cromwell (1352-) married Robert Whitney
-------their son, Sir Robert Whitney (c. 1379-1441) married Wenllian Oldcastle
--------their daughter, Elizabeth Whitney (c. 1414-) married Roger Blount
---------their son, Walter Blount (c. 1438-) married Margaret Clinton
----------their son, Roger Blount (c. 1464-1542) married Parnell Pitstow
-----------their son, William Blount (c. 1486-1546) married Joan Horne
------------their son, John Blount (c. 1517-1598) married Joan Sneade
-------------their son, John Blount (c. 1542-1598) married Jane De Lacy
--------------their son, Francis Blount (c. 1567-1630) married Margaret Hanbury
---------------their daughter, Ann Blount (c. 1597-1694) married Thomas Berwick
----------------their daughter, Grace Berwick (1617-1694) married William Ballard
-----------------their son, Joseph Ballard (c. 1644-1722) married Elizabeth Phelps
------------------their daughter, Elizabeth Ballard (c. 1666-1706) married George Abbott
-------------------their son, Uriah Abbott (1692-1770) married Sarah Mitchell
--------------------their daughter, Sarah Abbott (1726-1766) married Josiah Stearns
---------------------their son, John Stearns (1762-1843) married Sarah Lane
----------------------their daughter, Ruth Stearns (1789-1885) married Dudley Freese
-----------------------their daughter, Abigail S. Freese (1819-1858) married Jeremiah D. Tilton
------------------------their daughter, Abigail R. Tilton (1842-1929) married John B. Wadleigh
-------------------------their son, Oscar S. Wadleigh (1862-1932) married Charlotte F. Winters
--------------------------their son, Odin F. Wadleigh (1888-1964) married Louise E. Custer
---------------------------their son, Paul C. Wadleigh (1925-2007) married Bettye B. Brown
----------------------------their son, David R. Wadleigh married Barbara A. Plymale
-----------------------------their son, Ryan J. Wadleigh
Unlikely Royal Ancestry: Whitney Line

The following line of descent is not proven, but has been accepted by many researchers. The ancestry of John Whitney (1592-1673) past his parents is sketchy and unproven(see disclaimers below). These doubts considered, it is unlikely that this line existed as I have outlined. Despite this, it is still likely that John Whitney hailed in some way from the same old family referenced below. See the Whitney Research Group Web site.

Edward III, King of England (1312-1377) married Philippa of Hainault
-their son, Edmund of Langley, Duke of York (1341-1402) married Isabel of Castille
--their daughter, Constance of York (c. 1374-1416) married Edmund De Holland
---their daughter, Eleanor De Holland, (c. 1405-???) married James Tuchet
----*1 their daughter, Constance Tuchet, (c. 1443-???) married Robert Whitney
-----their son, James Whitney (c. 1465-1500) married Blanche Milbourne
------*2 their son Robert Whitney (c. 1500-1555) married Elizabeth verch Morgan
-------*3 their son, Thomas Whitney (c. 1550-1637) married Mary Bray
--------their son, John Whitney (1592-1673) married Elinor
---------their son, Benjamin Whitney (1643-1723) married Jane
----------their daughter, Jane Whitney, (1669-aft. 1711) married Jonathan Morse
-----------their son, Paul Morse (1700-1760) married Sarah Sheffield
------------their son, Daniel Morse (1735-1808) married Ruth Morse
-------------their daughter, Sarah Morse (1777-1863) married Nathan Brooks
--------------their daughter, Mary M. Brooks (1803-1876) married Reuben H. Thurston
---------------their son, Irvin H. Thurston (1828-1887) married Lydia E. Dunham
----------------their daughter, Julia M. Thurston (1864-1946) married Henry W. Bixby
-----------------their son, Neil F. Bixby (1893-1985) married Bertha Hoffman
------------------their daughter, Patricia J. Bixby married Ben T. Plymale
-------------------their daughter, Barbara A. Plymale married David R. Wadleigh
--------------------their son, Ryan J. Wadleigh
*1 not clear if Robert Whitney’s children were by Constance Tuchet or his other wife Elizabeth Vaughn
*2 no proof he was James and Blanche's son
*3 no proof he was Robert and Elizabeth's son
Questionable or Disproven Royal Lines:

David Halliburton (c. 1727-1767)
A researcher has e-mailed me to inform me (with a lot of conviction) that David Halliburton was sent to America in about 1746 because he was next in line to inherit the Scottish/English throne. I still have not been able to determine where this person came up with that idea, but it is impossible, if not entirely absurd. Of course, legends like that can have some basis in truth, as perhaps the Halliburtons may have descended from some Scottish nobility or royalty. I have not though heard any version of this story from any other researcher, so it should be taken with even less than a grain of salt.

Leah (Morgan) Scholl (c. 1730-1790's)
Leah was the maternal grandmother of Arnold Custer. The claim that Leah is descended from royalty relies on two separate assumptions. First, one must accept that she was the daughter or granddaughter of James and Elizabeth Morgan, who were early pioneers of Pennsylvania and relatives by marriage to Daniel Boone. (In reality, no proof of any kind of suggests who Leah's parents might have been). Second, one must accept that James Morgan of Pennsylvania was a descendant of Welsh nobility (with connections to even earlier English royalty).

Gertrude (Doors) Custer (c. 1645-1707)
Gertrude has sometimes been listed as a descendant of royalty. This assertion relies though on two unproven (and almost absurd) assumptions. First, the theory suggests that Gertrude's mother Agnes/Neesgen was the daughter of Herman Op Den Graeff of Krefeld, Germany. (In reality, no proof of Agnes' parentage has ever been found and there is no reason to believe she was connected to the Op Den Graeffs.) Second, a theory suggests that Herman Op Den Graeff was the illegitimate son of John William De La Marck, Count of Altena and Duke of Cleves (who was the grandson of Ferdinand I Holy Roman Emperor, and the great-great-grandson of Ferdinand and Isabella and Spain). Unfortunately, this second assertion is misguided and highly unlikely.

Edmund Rice (c. 1594-1663)
I believe that this theory has since been completely disproven but I will put it here anyway. As far as I know, there is not definite proof as to Edmund's parentage. Some sources indicate that he had an ancestor named Catherine Howard, a member of the noble Howard family, which was in direct descent from King Edward I of England.

Elizabeth (Stewart) Southerton (c. 1527-1547)
Elizabeth Stewart's identity is in question. Genealogy sources list two different scenarios for her parentage. One source indicates that she was the illegitimate daughter of James Stewart Earl of Moray who was in turn the illegitimate son of James IV King of Scotland. The Earl of Moray did have a daughter named Elizabeth who married a distant cousin, John Stewart, and they were divorced in 1546. It is possible that she could have remarried to Thomas Southerton, a commoner, since she was illegitimate and a divorcee she would probably have had to marry beneath her. The other option is that she was the daughter of Augustine Stewart, who as I understand it was the Mayor of Norwich(???). The latter option is probably correct simply because it is more realistic, but I know of no research satisfying either claim.


Indian and "non-white" Blood:

Jane (---) Flanders (c. 1622-1683)
Jane lived in what is now Maine and Massachusetts and there are no records or clues to her family origins before her marriage to Steven Flanders in about 1645. Although most researchers seem to discount the possibility that she was an Indian, I will post the idea here anyway. Some questionable sources indicate that Jane's surname was Sandusky and that she was a Christianized member of the Sandusky Indian Tribe. Unfortunately, this theory relies on no proof that anybody has been able to find. Aside from this, there were no Sandusky Indians in Maine or Massachusetts and there is no reference to Jane being an Indian in contemporary records. Jane actually had good command of the English language, but there is frequent record of her getting in trouble with town authorities for her "tongue." One theory is that Jane may have actually been of French origin and Sandusky may be a butchered rendition of some French surname.

My line of descent from Jane:
Jane (c. 1622-1683) married Steven Flanders
-their son, Stephen Flanders (1646-1689) married Abigail Carter
--their son, Phillip Flanders (1681-aft. 1755) married Joanna Smith
---their daughter, Sarah Flanders (1710-1795) married Josiah Tilton
----their son, Josiah Tilton (1743-1820) married Sarah True
-----their son, Josiah Tilton (1778-1860) married Sarah Dearborn
------their son, Jeremiah D. Tilton (1816-1893) married Abigail S. Freese
-------their daughter, Abigail R. Tilton (1842-1929) married John B. Wadleigh
--------their son, Oscar S. Wadleigh (1864-1932) married Charlotte F. Winters
---------their son, Odin F. Wadleigh (1888-1964) married Louise E. Custer
----------their son, Paul C. Wadleigh (1925-2007) married Bettye B. Brown
-----------their son, David R. Wadleigh married Barbara A. Plymale
------------their son, Ryan J. Wadleigh

Suster (Bouts) Viele (c. 1650-aft. 1700)
Suster lived at Schenectady, New York. Sources have often indicated that Suster was a member of the Mohawk tribe. Much of this assumption probably lies with the fact that her husband, Cornelis Viele, was an Indian interpreter and trader and was apparently on friendly terms with the Mohawk people. Newer sources seem to confirm that Suster was actually the daughter of Dutchman named Hendrick Lambertse Bout. There is still no definitive proof that Hendrick was Suster's father, but even if he was there is still the possibility that her mother or maybe a grandparent was a Mohawk. The Bout family has not been studied enough to rule out the possibility. Much of this discourse also concerns the fact that her given name was "Suster." As far as I know, this name occurred in no other Dutch-American family. It seems to be translated as "sister" or something to that effect.

My line of descent from Suster:
Suster Bouts (c. 1650-aft. 1700) married Cornelis Viele
-their daughter, Jannetje Viele (c. 1670-aft. 1723) married Johannes Dyckman
--their daughter, Marke Dyckman (c. 1688-c.1770) married Lourens Knickerbocker
---their daughter, Maritjen Knickerbocker (1724-1789) married Ruloff White
----their daughter, Jane White (1752-1834) married Thomas Butler
-----their daughter, Hannah Butler (1772-1866) married Peter Thurston
------their son, Reuben H. Thurston (1806-1880) married Mary M. Brooks
-------their son, Irvin H. Thurston (1828-1887) married Lydia E. Dunham
--------their daughter, Julia M. Thurston (1864-1946) married Henry W. Bixby
---------their son, Neil F. Bixby (1893-1985) married Bertha Hoffman
----------their daughter, Patricia J. Bixby (1928-2008) married Ben T. Plymale
-----------their daughter, Barbara A. Plymale married David R. Wadleigh
------------their son, Ryan J. Wadleigh

Mary (---) Cornwell (c. 1620-aft. 1678)
Mary was married to William Cornwell in about 1639. They lived in Middletown, Connecticut, and had 8 children: John, William, Samuel, Jacob, Sarah, Thomas, Esther and Elizabeth Cornwell. There are unsubstantiated stories which indicate that Mary may have been Mary "Hyanno", an Indian "Princess" from the area of Barnstable, Massachusetts. Apparently, there is no proof of this, but there is circumstancial evidence which points to the connection being possible. Aside from this, Mary Hyanno is claimed by others to have been the wife of Austin Bearce. Other sources suggest that Mary, wife of William Cornwell may have actually been Mary Bailey, daughter of John and Lydia Bailey.

Mary (c. 1620-aft. 1678) married William Cornwell
-their daughter, Sarah Cornwell (1647-aft. 1705) married Daniel Hubbard
--their daughter, Sarah Hubbard (1681-1756) married Edward Foster
---their daughter, Sarah Foster (1710-c. 1754) married John Butler
----their son, Thomas Butler (c. 1745-1826) married Jane White
-----their daughter, Hannah Butler (1772-1866) married Peter Thurston
------their son, Reuben H. Thurston (1806-1880) married Mary M. Brooks
-------their son, Irvin H. Thurston (1828-1887) married Lydia E. Dunham
--------their daughter, Julia M. Thurston (1864-1946) married Henry W. Bixby
---------their son, Neil F. Bixby (1893-1985) married Bertha Hoffman
----------their daughter, Patricia J. Bixby (1928-2008) married Ben T. Plymale
-----------their daughter, Barbara A. Plymale married David R. Wadleigh
------------their son, Ryan J. Wadleigh

Martin - Crobarger family of Oregon
Some Martin family descendants claim that it is part of their family history that Frances Martin Roberts Miller (and thus her twin sister, Josephine Martin Plymale) was either full Indian or had Indian blood. Unfortunately, no proof or corroboration of this theory exists. Photographs of family members (including her twin sister and their father) exist which show white people with possible Indian facial attributes. All of the Martins (and connected Browns and Crobargers) indicated in records that they were White. Also, Fanny's father Col. William J. Martin was a racist Indian fighter who fought against them in three different wars. Of course this does not really prove anything. The Martin family's classification as white people and their apparent hatred of Indians may simply have been a result of their resentment of their own scant Indian blood. If this connection is true, an Indian may have been the as of yet unknown wife of Zaddock Martin Sr. whom he probably married in North Carolina in the 1770's. An Indian could also have been the ancestor of Susannah Brown or of Harriet Crobarger. There is hardly anything known about the ancestry of these people.

Zadock Martin (1742-aft. 1798) married an unknown woman*
-their son, Zadock Martin (1789-1849) married Susannah Brown*
--their son, William J. Martin (1815-1901) married Harriet C. Crobarger*
---their daughter, Josephine L. Martin (1845-1899) married William J. Plymale
----their son, Benjamin H. Plymale (1888-1929) married Vera V. Merriman
-----their son, Ben T. Plymale (1926-1981) married Patricia J. Bixby
------their daughter, Barbara A. Plymale married David R. Wadleigh
-------their son, Ryan J. Wadleigh
* There is hardly anything known about the ancestry of these three women, and one of them could have been the supposed carrier of Native American blood.

Anthony Jansen Van Salee, (c. 1607-1676)
Anthony settled in New Amsterdam in the 1630's. He is acknowledged as being raised in Morocco. After moving to New York, he was usually known as a "Turk" or other terms implying that he was of mixed ethnic or African origin. The prevalent theory is that his father was Dutch and his mother was probably a Moor (Muslims of North African descent). It is apparent that Anthony was one of the first Muslims to settle in the New World, although he probably converted to Christianity. It is not known if he is an ancestor of this line. Jannetje, wife of Jacques Barkelow, may have been his great-great-granddaughter.
Anthony Jansen Van Salee (c. 1607-1676) married Grietje Reiners
-their daughter, Cornelia Van Salee (c. 1636-aft. 1665) married William Janse Lubberdinck Van Borculo
--their daughter, Jannetje Barkelo (c. 1659-c. 1719) married Jan Barentsen Van Driest
---their son, Barent Johnson (c. 1681-???) married Maria Stillwell
----their daughter, * Jannetje Barentsen (c. 1705-c. 1785) married Jacques Barkelow (it is not known if the wife of Jacques Barkelow was the daughter of Barent Johnson)
-----their son, William Barkelow (c. 1726-c. 1791) married Eleanor or Elizabeth
------their son, James Barkleow(1753-1834) married Elizabeth
-------their daughter, Flora A. Bartlow (1826-1896) married James Murray
--------their daughter, Mary E. Murray (1857-1923) married George F. Merriman
---------their daughter, Vera V. Merriman (1896-1974) married Benjamin H. Plymale
----------their son, Ben T. Plymale (1926-1981) married Patricia J. Bixby
-----------their daughter, Barbara A. Plymale married David R. Wadleigh
------------their son, Ryan J. Wadleigh