Tuesday, May 1, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Tea After water, tea is the second most popular drink in the world. It has been around as a drink for 5000 years, and 6 billion pounds of tea are harvested annually. We begin with a trip to the Lipton's plant in Suffolk, VA., where state of the art machines crank out 24 million teabags a day, and then its off to the only tea plantation in the US, the 127 acre Charleston Plantation in South Carolina. We'll follow the flow of tea from England to the Colonies, where a tea tax precipitated the Boston Tea Party, and chronicle the brief but glorious age of the Clipper Ships, speed craft that brought tea from China to London in less than 100 days. Big news in the 20th century for the tea trade includes the emergence of herbal, powdered, iced and decaf teas. Tour the Celestial Seasonings plant in Boulder Colorado, and then visit a boutique tea garden where expensive teas sell for upwards of $300 a pot. 8-9pm -- Ancient Discoveries - 15 - Machines of The East While the ancient Greeks had amazing engineers like Heron and Ctesibius, the Islamic world had Al-Jazari--a prolific writer and a talented craftsman. Working in what is now modern Turkey, he produced books which featured fifty mechanical devices in six different categories; including water clocks, hand washing devices, machines for raising water and geared mechanisms. In 1976 The Science Museum in London, reconstructed one of Al-Jazari's water clocks. It would take the shape of an elephant with an intricate clock mechanism which would chime automatically. For the first time watch as some of Al-Jarazi's most important inventions are recreated and see how sophisticated the inventors of the ancient Islamic world had become. 9-10pm -- Ancient Discoveries - Machines II. How did the ancients harness power? Did Archimedes use solar power to defeat the Romans? Was he the first to concentrate the power of the sun? Early historical accounts of the battle of Syracuse in 212 BC claim that Archimedes used polished shields to focus light onto the sails of the invading Roman ships and set them ablaze. We investigate this and other intriguing and incredible objects. An earthenware jar about the size of a man's fist sits in the National Museum of Iraq. Its existence could require history books throughout the world to be rewritten. The jar appears to be an electric battery pre-dating Christ. Did the ancient world master electricity nearly two millennia before the modern world? A recent discovery of a flour mill in Barbegal in southern France contained 16 waterwheels that operated the mill. Is this one of the first examples of Roman industrial-revolution technology--1,800 years before our own? 10-11pm -- Man, Moment, Machine - Hunting Bonnie & Clyde. In the height of the Great Depression, legendary gangsters Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker killed 14 people in a 2-year crime spree. Their killing ground--the Midwest; their weapon of choice, the lethal Browning Automatic Rifle. Clyde becomes known for his uncanny ability to escape and his ruthless use of extreme firepower. Clyde uses his BARs for robberies and to pull off a jailbreak at the state prison where he has spent time. The highly publicized jailbreak draws out a top manhunter--Texas Ranger Frank Hamer, who sets a trap for the gangsters on a lonely country road...with Browning Automatic Rifles. Bonnie and Clyde, inside their Ford V-8 with their BARs in the backseat, don't have a chance on that day in 1934. They meet their demise at the wrong end of dozens of 30.06 caliber armor-piercing rounds fired from Browning Automatic Rifles; Clyde takes 25 hits and Bonnie another 28 rounds. Fate's fusion of man, moment, and machine. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, May 2, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Leather. Sometime at the dawn of civilization, animal hides were rubbed down with animal fat, making them more flexible, durable, and malleable. By the 5th Century BC, this "tanning" process expanded to include vegetable and tree oil washes, creating what's now known as "leather"--one of man's most reliable and versatile products. Without advances in leather shoes, the Romans could never have marched to the Tigris; nor could the Pilgrims have survived winters in Plymouth. Today, leather is a staple of our daily lives. Modern tanners have devised techniques to make leather more versatile, colorful, and luxurious than ever. We visit modern tanneries of conventional cowhide leather, and explore the more exotic leathers made from alligator, snakes, and even sting-ray. And we'll examine the race of modern science to create synthetic leathers that are supposedly more convenient in today's fast-paced life. We'll see how leather binds us to the past in an unparalleled way. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Dredging. They dig, scoop, suck, and spew an ocean of silt and sediment. Dredgers are the mechanical beasts that fuel the world's economic engine by clearing and deepening ports for mega-container ships. The roots of dredging go back as far as the Egyptians, who used their hands to open channels on the Nile to keep crops watered. The Romans, who used harbor dredging to keep a tight fist on Europe, pioneered the "spoon and bag" dredge to speed up the process. Steam power brought about the first large-scale dredges and helped create the Panama Canal. We'll go aboard two of the largest US dredgers and see how they keep waters moving. And in Holland, we meet the biggest players on the dredging world and witness the launching of the largest dredge ever built. From there, we head to Dubai in the Middle East, where 90 square miles of new islands was dredged from the sea and will now create a pleasure world for the rich and powerful. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Commercial Fishing. Battered and fried or simply raw--seafood is a popular dish, no matter how you serve it. Americans consume more than 5-billion pounds yearly, an order that takes more than a fishing rod to fill and worries conservationists. We follow the fish, the fishermen, and the science trying to preserve fisheries for future generations--from ancient ships on the Nile to a modern technologically sophisticated factory trawler on the Bering Sea to the University of New Hampshire's open-ocean aquaculture research project. And we witness a wide variety of fishing methods--from gillnetting and longlining to lobster trapping. Hop aboard and sail through time and around the globe as we explore the harsh conditions of life at sea and experience firsthand one of history's deadliest jobs. Brace yourself and feel the ice-cold, salt spray on your face as we explore commercial fishing! 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Deep Sea Salvage Driven by the need for deep sea rescue and salvage capabilities, the US Navy Diving and Salvage Programs have gathered together a highly skilled team of divers, scientists and engineers, who have been involved in some of the most exciting and dangerous salvage operations ever undertaken. Ride aboard the USS Salvor, which is equipped with underwater remote operated robots and see how they were put to use following the crash of TWA Flight 800. We'll examine the bomb locating mini-sub Alvin and learn about "Saturation Diving" which allows divers to stay below for days at a time. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, May 3, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Torture Devices. For more than 3,000 years, emperors and generals, dictators and police, criminals, clerics, and even medical doctors have created and used a vast array of torture devices--everything from the ancient Greeks' Brazen Bull, which slowly barbecued the victim, to the elaborate mechanical apparatuses of the Spanish Inquisition. A medical doctor who specializes in victims of torture reveals how the human body responds to their use--from the earliest excruciating contrivances to the more modern. 8-9pm -- Spider-Man Tech - The Marvel Comics creation of Stan Lee and Steve Ditko, may be the most amazing crime fighter of all time. Who wouldn't want to have his amazing powers--but if Spider-Man's abilities are put to the test using the rules of real-world science, exactly which of his skills are possible and which are pure fantasy? Go on a thrill-ride of adventure as top Hollywood filmmakers, and real-world scientists weigh in on Spider-Man's dazzling powers. Using highlights from the blockbuster Spider-Man movies, including scenes from the upcoming Spider-Man 3, along with classic comic book images that leap off the screen thanks to 3-D graphic effects, Spidey's secrets are unlocked. 9-10pm -- Mega Movers - Ships Moving Ships Suppose the world's largest aircraft carrier, the 1,092 feet USS Ronald Reagan, came under enemy attack and was crippled at sea. There's not a ship big enough to rescue it and move it back to the U.S. for repairs. Watch as engineering theorists design and build the largest heavy-lift submersible vessel ever to lift it out of the water and haul it halfway across the world. Then, as war rages in the Middle East, the U.S. Naval fleet is at increasing danger of being destroyed by enemy deep-sea mines. Orders are issued to move a 224-foot long, 1,300-ton minesweeper halfway around the world. It's a job that can only be done by using an enormous heavy-lift ship to move this mighty war ship. 10-12am -- Mega Movers - Moving the Impossible. From the engineers of ancient Egypt to the architects of Renaissance Rome and the modern era's moving miracles--the men, methods, and machines of structural moving have pushed the limits of imagination and technology for over 5,000 years. In this 2-hour chronicle, we'll investigate the amazing feats of mega moving from primitive civilization through the Industrial Revolution into the 21st Century--including the evolution of technology that allows a 3,000-ton building to be driven down the street by remote control! From the granite blocks of Stonehenge to the awesome Vatican Obelisk and the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse, see how ambition and ingenuity have continued to defy convention, break records, and achieve the unthinkable in moving! ____________________________________________________ Friday, May 4, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Super Guns of Today and Tomorrow. An examination of guns that exist on the cutting edge of firearm technology. Fighting battles on computers decades before an actual shot is fired, these super guns may make the world safer...or more dangerous than ever before. 8-9pm -- Julius Caesar's Greatest Battle - In an 8-year campaign through what is now France, Julius Caesar killed one-million people, took a million more hostage, and destroyed more than 800 cities. Follow in the footsteps of Caesar and the leader of the Gallic uprising, Vercingetorix, as the bloody conflict in Gaul reaches its climax. In 52 BC at Alesia, Caesar and Vercingetorix lead their armies into one of the greatest sieges in the history of warfare: a battle that will decide the fate of Gaul and shape the future of the entire Western World. 9-10pm -- Dogfights - 10 - Hunt for The Bismarck May, 1941, the German battleship Bismarck, the most powerful warship on earth breaks, out into the North Atlantic. It wields enough firepower to crush vital British convoys! The British unleash every weapon in their arsenal to hunt down this Nazi terror. Join the greatest sea chase in history... fly with Swordfish torpedo-bomber pilots desperately trying to the Bismarck. Rare archival footage and original shooting will supplement the remarkable computer graphics and make viewers will feel like they're in the battle, facing the enemy. 10-11pm -- Cities of the Underworld - 01 - Hitler's Underground Lair Berlin, Germany was the battlefield of the 20th century, and today, sealed up and forgotten beneath its streets are the remnants of a dark past. Walk anywhere in the city and you could be walking directly on top of one of the over 1000 Nazi bunkers engineered into Berlin's sandy soil, lost remnants of Hitler's ill-fated Germania or even beer brewing plants that inspired the Nazis' journey into the underground. Join host Eric Geller as he travels through the dark and damp recesses of Berlin's secretive soil. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, May 5, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Deep Sea Salvage Driven by the need for deep sea rescue and salvage capabilities, the US Navy Diving and Salvage Programs have gathered together a highly skilled team of divers, scientists and engineers, who have been involved in some of the most exciting and dangerous salvage operations ever undertaken. Ride aboard the USS Salvor, which is equipped with underwater remote operated robots and see how they were put to use following the crash of TWA Flight 800. We'll examine the bomb locating mini-sub Alvin and learn about "Saturation Diving" which allows divers to stay below for days at a time. 8-10pm -- Quest for Dragons - A spirited exploration of the history, science, and legend of the world's most notorious beast--the dragon, the best-known creature that never was. Throughout history, dragons influenced wars, science, art, and religion. They appear in almost every culture and many still believe in dragons. How could different cultures, isolated by geology and millennia, all invent the same creature? If the dragon is simply the product of our imagination, how could distant peoples, with no knowledge of each other, all invent the same beast? One of the reasons dragons are a perennial favorite is that even though they are the ultimate predator and antagonist, it's also fun to identify with them. In the end, we want to be the dragon as much as we may want to slay the dragon. 10-11pm -- The States - 03 - New York, Louisiana, Oregon, New Mexico, Vermont Travel back to the origins of New York City at New Amsterdam, the 16th century Dutch merchant colony. Discover how French Acadians fled Canada in 1873 to settle in Louisiana, developing the "Cajun" subculture. The Oregon Trail opened in 1843, bringing half a million settlers to the west. Visit Los Alamos Laboratories in New Mexico's remote high desert, the birthplace of the atomic bomb, and where today research continues to advance science. Finally, learn how two friends from Vermont opened an ice cream shop in 1977 and would go on to become America's most famous entrepreneurs. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, May 6, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Mega Movers - Ships Moving Ships Suppose the world's largest aircraft carrier, the 1,092 feet USS Ronald Reagan, came under enemy attack and was crippled at sea. There's not a ship big enough to rescue it and move it back to the U.S. for repairs. Watch as engineering theorists design and build the largest heavy-lift submersible vessel ever to lift it out of the water and haul it halfway across the world. Then, as war rages in the Middle East, the U.S. Naval fleet is at increasing danger of being destroyed by enemy deep-sea mines. Orders are issued to move a 224-foot long, 1,300-ton minesweeper halfway around the world. It's a job that can only be done by using an enormous heavy-lift ship to move this mighty war ship. 8-9pm -- Star Trek Tech - For forty years Star Trek has engulfed our imagination and sent us on voyages across the galaxy. We'll take a look at the technology behind the gadgets used in the series such as phasers and communicators, and tell their stories from the people who knew them best--the actors, producers and prop men. 9-10pm -- Spider-Man Tech - The Marvel Comics creation of Stan Lee and Steve Ditko, may be the most amazing crime fighter of all time. Who wouldn't want to have his amazing powers--but if Spider-Man's abilities are put to the test using the rules of real-world science, exactly which of his skills are possible and which are pure fantasy? Go on a thrill-ride of adventure as top Hollywood filmmakers, and real-world scientists weigh in on Spider-Man's dazzling powers. Using highlights from the blockbuster Spider-Man movies, including scenes from the upcoming Spider-Man 3, along with classic comic book images that leap off the screen thanks to 3-D graphic effects, Spidey's secrets are unlocked. 10-12am -- The Amazing Story of Superman - Here's the story behind the phenomenon of Superman, the most merchandised and imitated superhero of them all. Through interviews with the key creative talents responsible for seven decades of thrilling Superman adventures, we'll follow the Man of Steel's path from Depression-era comic book hero to George Reeves's TV portrayal in the 1950s, Christopher Reeve's movies in the '70s and '80s, and the TV shows Lois and Clark and Smallville. There'll even be a sneak preview of the new film, Superman Returns, to be released this summer. ____________________________________________________ Monday, May 7, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Rubber. The story of rubber is more than tires, toys, gloves, and gum--it's imbedded in modern life, from the controversial Challenger O-rings to seals on hydrogen fuel cells. A gigantic worldwide synthetic rubber industry creates exotic elastomers for high-tech applications, while China's rapid industrialization plays havoc with the world's natural rubber supply. From the ancient Olmecs of Yucatán, who knew the secret of vulcanization, to modern processing plants, we trace rubber's history and future. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - The Pacific Bermuda Triangle. While the Bermuda Triangle is a well-known area of strange phenomenon in the Atlantic, there is another, more treacherous triangle in the Pacific off the coast of Japan known as the "Dragon's Triangle". This dangerous ocean triangle has reportedly claimed hundreds if not thousands of ships, airplanes, and submarines since the first written reports in the 13th century. Could these lost vessels be the result of bad oceanic conditions or possibly something more mysterious? We'll get to the bottom of this unsolved world mystery. Interviews include Dr. Joann Stock, Caltech; Joseph Nagy, UCLA; Takuji Wasda, University of Tokyo; and Japanese UFO experts Junichiro Nirasawa and Junichi Yaoi. 9-10pm -- Cities of the Underworld - 06 - Rome's Hidden Empire Rome is a city where the past meets the present on every corner. A secret cult practiced right next to the Circus Maximus, and their temple still remains beneath the street. The famous Piazza Navona sits on top of Domitian's Stadium. Pieces of Trajan's Basilica can be found under a gallery owned by fashion dynasty Fendi. Rome's underground is filled with evidence of life during the Empire. Join host Eric Geller as he discovers what life was like during Nero's tyranny and Augustus' reforms and reveals the technological marvels that allowed the construction of one city upon another--literally. 10-11pm -- Digging for the Truth - New Maya Revelations For nearly a century archaeologists place the height of the Maya civilization during the First Millennium AD. However, revolutionary discoveries in Guatemala are now challenging those views. When did the Maya Civilization truly reach its peak? Join host Josh Bernstein as he tracks the origins of the Maya throughout Mexico and the Central American rainforest. He climbs the tallest Maya pyramid, shovels muck from a jungle swamp, and reveals the known oldest mural in the Maya world. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, May 8, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Monster Trucks. Ride shotgun in our rollicking history of the Monster Truck, and meet the father of the mythic beast, Bob Chandler, whose Bigfoot gave birth to the sport in a cornfield years ago! Weighing 10,000 pounds, the behemoths entertain using brute force. Thrill to breathtaking stunts in California, Indiana, and Florida, as mounted cameras demonstrate the shakes, rattles, and rolls drivers experience; and meet the men who race these mechanical mammoths in one of the world's fastest-growing motorsports. 8-9pm -- Reign of Terror - The bloody life and times of the Saudi terrorist who has been linked to a number of deadly attacks against U.S. troops and citizens and who called on Muslims to kill Americans everywhere in the world. Follow Osama bin Laden's trail from his privileged childhood as the son of a wealthy oil businessman to his battle against the Soviet Union in Afghanistan and his involvement in the infamous 2001 World Trade Center bombing. 9-12am -- The Spanish-American War: First Intervention - On the night of February 12, 1898, 266 American lives were lost when the battleship Maine was ripped in half by an explosion in Havana Harbor. War with Spain followed. For the first time a war was covered by members of the media creating an unprecedented impact at home. A fascinating cast of characters emerge including Stephen Crane, Frederick Remington, Admiral George Dewey and Clara Barton. Doctor Walter Reed fought against the outbreak of tropical diseases in Cuba and in the process discovered the cure for malaria. Theodore Roosevelt, then Assistant Secretary of the Navy, felt America had grown soft and vulnerable and was the central figure in all of motives surrounding the war. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, May 9, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Oil. From the first well in Pennsylvania to the gushing Spindletop and modern supertankers, the story of oil is the story of civilization as we know it. We'll take a look at the ingenious and outrageous men who risked everything for "black gold" and unimaginable wealth. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Heavy Metals. They are elements that occupy a select portion of the periodic table and are so essential to America's economic and military might that they are stored in the National Defense Stockpile in case of all-out war. We plan a riveting visit. Some of the vital heavy metals that we survey include copper, uranium, lead, zinc, and nickel. We also take a look at superalloys--consisting of steel combined with chromium, cobalt, and dozens of other heavy metals--that resist corrosion and perform increasingly elaborate functions. From Earth to space, from cosmetics to vitamins, in a million different ways, heavy metals are here to stay! 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Magnets. We played with them as children, but the world of magnets isn't kid's stuff! The pervasive magnet serves as the underpinning for much of modern technology. They can be found in computers, cars, phones, VCRs, TVs, vacuum cleaners, the washer and dryer, the ubiquitous refrigerator magnet, and even in an electric guitar! On the cutting edge of technology, scientists experiment with a variety of magnets. Magnets' amazing forces of attraction and repulsion may some day take us to the far reaches of outer space. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Welding It was a science first conjured amid the fiery ovens of ancient blacksmiths; today more than 50% of all U.S. products require some form of welding. Whether via electricity, flammable gases, sonic waves, or sometimes just raw explosive power, welding creates powerful bonds between metal unmatched by any other joining process. From high atop emerging 60-story towers on the Las Vegas strip to oil platforms hundreds of feet below the ocean, discover how welders forge the backbone of civilization. Learn about exciting new applications: how sound waves create bulletproof welds for contemporary body armor; the technologies behind robotic welding systems; and the knee-rattling impact of an explosion weld, the most powerful method of all. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, May 10, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Junkyard. It's the place where one man's trash is truly another man's treasure. Enter the strange and mysterious world of the junkyard, where many pieces actually do add up to a whole. Uncover how junkyard operators create order out of seemingly random piles of junk. 8-9pm -- Mega Movers - Ships Moving Ships Suppose the world's largest aircraft carrier, the 1,092 feet USS Ronald Reagan, came under enemy attack and was crippled at sea. There's not a ship big enough to rescue it and move it back to the U.S. for repairs. Watch as engineering theorists design and build the largest heavy-lift submersible vessel ever to lift it out of the water and haul it halfway across the world. Then, as war rages in the Middle East, the U.S. Naval fleet is at increasing danger of being destroyed by enemy deep-sea mines. Orders are issued to move a 224-foot long, 1,300-ton minesweeper halfway around the world. It's a job that can only be done by using an enormous heavy-lift ship to move this mighty war ship. 9-10pm -- Mega Movers - Really Big Bridges Bridges have been pushed, airlifted and taken apart, but if needed, can one of the world's longest and most famous suspension bridges be moved? Experts say San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge can be relocated and they'll show how. In Rhode Island, the team is challenged when they take on the job to haul the world's widest network-arched bridge 15 miles up river and set it in place. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Pacific Coast Highway. For 25 years, construction crews dug, blasted, tunneled, and bridged their way up America's West Coast along the California, Oregon, and Washington shoreline to build the Pacific Coast Highway. Historians, road and bridge engineers, and experts relate this story of perseverance, primal machines, convict labor, and engineering brilliance as we tour its scenic route. And we look at the latest technologies used to keeping it running despite floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, and landslides. ____________________________________________________ Friday, May 11, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Gas Tech. Gas--it makes a balloon go up, cooks our food, and fills our lungs. But this invisible state of matter does far more, and has a very visible impact on the world. We follow natural gas from well tip to stove top and trace its use from 3rd century BC Chinese salt producers to modern appliances. Next, we investigate the most plentiful gas in the universe--hydrogen--which may also prove to be the most powerful. We also experience the cryogenic world of industrial gasses--what they do and where they come from--as we travel to the British Oxygen Company's Braddock Air Separation Plant to see how they freeze millions of tons of oxygen and nitrogen. And at the Bush Dome Helium Reserve in Texas, we learn why the US government sits atop 36-billion cubic feet of the stuff. Finally, we look inside the colorful world of gas and neon lights. So lay back, breathe deep, and count backwards from 10... 8-9pm -- Brothers in Arms: The Untold Story of The 502 - Part 1: D-Day. Regarded as the turning point of WWII, the daybreak invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944 actually began the night before. Shrouded in darkness, 18,000 Allied paratroopers jumped into the fog and flak-filled skies, landing behind enemy lines before the full invasion. Among them, the 502nd Parachute Infantry Regiment, part of the famed 101st Airborne Division. Although they became one of the most decorated units in the D-Day operation, their story has never been fully told. We illustrate how the 502nd earned distinction by achieving vital objectives through acts of great personal bravery and strong tactical leadership. The story travels from their final staging in England to the massive confusion of that perilous night--when most troops, under heavy enemy fire, missed their intended drop zones--to their setting upon the intended targets. 9-10pm -- Dogfights - 02 - Air Ambush Legendary fighter pilot, Colonel Robin Olds, sets an intricate trap for the North Vietnamese MiG-21's. His Squadron, the Wolfpack, disguise their lethal F-4 Phantoms as vulnerable bombers. The MiGs scream in to challenge the Americans. The result is the most elaborate air sting of the war... code-name... Operation Bolo. First-hand accounts, rare archival footage and original shooting will supplement the remarkable computer graphics. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Bombs. Bombs...the most feared and powerful weapon in any nation's arsenal. What began as incendiary devices in the 7th century has evolved into weapons that can literally blow the human race off the face of the earth! From the use of diseased carcasses flung over castle walls to Greek Fire to today's smart bombs, we review the evolution of bombs. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, May 12, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Welding It was a science first conjured amid the fiery ovens of ancient blacksmiths; today more than 50% of all U.S. products require some form of welding. Whether via electricity, flammable gases, sonic waves, or sometimes just raw explosive power, welding creates powerful bonds between metal unmatched by any other joining process. From high atop emerging 60-story towers on the Las Vegas strip to oil platforms hundreds of feet below the ocean, discover how welders forge the backbone of civilization. Learn about exciting new applications: how sound waves create bulletproof welds for contemporary body armor; the technologies behind robotic welding systems; and the knee-rattling impact of an explosion weld, the most powerful method of all. 8-10pm -- Nostradamus: 500 Years Later - The life story of Nostradamus unfolds in medieval Europe at the time of the Great Plague and the Inquisition. He lived in an age of superstition and magic and believed that he could foretell the future. For this he was labeled both a prophet and a heretic, and his cryptic journals continue to inspire controversy just as they did in the 16th century. In this two-hour examination of his life, we visit his birthplace in France and trace his career as doctor, astrologer, father, and seer. 10-11pm -- The States - 04 - New Jersey, Arizona, Kentucky, Oklahoma, Alaska Crossing the icy Delaware River on Christmas night, 1776, allowed George Washington to surprise the British at Trenton, a critical American victory in the Revolutionary War. One of the world's most recognizable natural landmarks, the Grand Canyon, defies the imaginations of the five million people who visit there annually. Pioneer Daniel Boone blazed the Wilderness Trail through Kentucky in 1775 and tamed the wild frontier. The opening of "The Unassigned Lands" in Oklahoma resulted in 50,000 settlers racing across the prairie to grab a stake and claim ownership of a homestead. The discovery of oil in Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, in 1975 called for an ingenious feat of engineering to transport fuel across 800 miles of icy wilderness. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, May 13, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Mysteries of the Garden of Eden - The biblical Garden of Eden was taken away from man because of his sins. The Bible says Eden was located east of Israel where four rivers meet--The Tigris and Euphrates and the Pison and Gihon. The later two have long been considered mythical; however recent satellite photography suggests these rivers did exist in Iraq. Another theory places Eden's location beneath the Black Sea. Do texts other than the Bible reinforce the idea of Eden? Both the Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh and Ancient Greek texts speak of a paradise lost. Sift through the evidence to decode an age-old mystery about how paradise was lost, and where it might be found. 8-10pm -- Hippies - The Hippie movement was the most controversial and influential of modern times. Free love, the peace movement, drugs, Eastern religions and communes are explored. Meet the figures whose words and actions inspired it and destroyed it. See how the vibrations from that era are still resonating today in almost every aspect of American life, from the clothes we wear, to the Personal Computer and the Internet. Finally, historic footage, stills and period graphics are interwoven with expert commentary and eyewitness testimony. 10-11pm -- Cities of the Underworld - 04 - Scotland's Sin City Edinburgh, Scotland is a thriving metropolis, but take a look into its past, and you'll find it has led a double life. A sophisticated and educated surface city evolved above while a darker, seedy world grew below--from plague victims getting buried alive under the streets to body snatchers, illegal distilleries and castle dungeons. Join host Eric Geller as he investigates these stories, deciphering fact from fiction, while uncovering the engineering marvel of Edinburgh's underground--created when the city actually changed its street level. ____________________________________________________ Monday, May 14, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Quarries. Dynamite explodes hills to bits, drills divide sheer stone walls, 400,000-pound blocks are pulled from pits by giant cranes, and men work around the clock to wrest rock out of the earth. Not diamonds or gold...rock, the raw material of civilization! Without rock, modern society wouldn't exist. Roads, sewers, dams, bridges, buildings, paint, glue, make-up, antacids, and even chewing gum need crushed stone. From ancient days to the present, we explore the evolution of quarrying techniques. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - UFOs vs. The Government. Looks at four reported sightings of UFOs in England, Belgium, Canada, and southwestern Michigan, deemed by experts to be some of the best evidence available on the existence of possible extraterrestrial spacecraft. We tell the stories, then disbelievers present their best guess of what witnesses really saw. 9-10pm -- Cities of the Underworld - 07 - Catacombs of Death Beneath the hustle and bustle of Paris streets are a world of snaking quarries, hidden catacombs, and mushroom-harvesting tunnels. Even Paris' 10.5 million residents have no idea they live on top of nearly 20 centuries of history carved into the limestone foundation below. From its Gallic beginnings to the Roman foundations of Lutetia, today's Paris may be one of the world's most sophisticated cities above the ground--but below ground it's a different story. Join host Eric Geller as he reveals the secrets beneath Paris and the Notre Dame church and what they reveal about a 2,000 year old civilization that rests underneath it. 10-11pm -- Digging for the Truth - The Da Vinci Code: Bloodlines. Josh Bernstein searches for solid evidence behind the controversial theory laid out in Dan Brown's book The Da Vinci Code. Brown's theory claims that Jesus married Mary Magdalene and that she conceived a child. It also suggests that the bloodline continues--unbroken--to this day. Josh shows what's true and what's clearly make-believe in Dan Brown's bestseller. From musty libraries to ancient churches, Josh's unique quest leads him to seek the DNA evidence that might prove or disprove one of the most sensational claims in modern history. Most remarkably, he'll orchestrate the first ever DNA test on a Merovingian royal to find out if the story of a divine bloodline stretching back to Jesus and Mary Magdalene could possibly be true. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, May 15, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Mountain Roads. Join our journey along monumental feats of engineering that preserved America's natural wonders while paving the way towards her future. Travel the Donner Pass in the Sierra Nevada Mountains, site of a dark chapter in US history. Today, crews use the latest technology to keep I-80 open during the worst winter storms. Enjoy the view while traveling to the summit of Pike's Peak in Colorado, inspiration for America the Beautiful. The "Going-to-the-Sun-Road" slices through Montana's majestic Glacier National Park, crossing the Continental Divide and allowing motorists unsurpassed views of mountain scenery. Outside Denver, the Eisenhower Memorial Tunnel, carved through mountain rock, united eastern and western Colorado. And the Blue Ridge Parkway, which took 52 years to complete, snakes through large, scenic swatches. 8-10pm -- Ku Klux Klan: A Secret History - Kneeling before a flaming cross, Klansmen and women take part in their sacred bonding, showing how secrecy and ritual aid the hooded order in a campaign for white supremacy. From its birth in 1866's Reconstruction South to a 1996 rally, this chronicle of hate talks to Julian Bond, Morris Dees Jr., the Grand Dragon, and Imperial Wizard. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Harvesting. Cutting, digging, picking, stripping, shaking, and raking--whatever the crop, there's a custom machine to harvest it. It all began with handpicking and today it's often one man and one machine harvesting hundreds of acres in a single day. The farmer may even get a little help from satellites. Far above the earth, high-resolution photography is giving the grower more opportunities to cut costs and maximize the harvest. From the debut of the sickle in ancient Egypt to McCormick's famous Reaper to the field of ergonomics that assists human harvesters, we'll dig into the past and future of the harvest. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, May 16, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Shovels. From a prehistoric sharpened digging stick to today's $15-million monster machines, our journey for the ultimate shovel begins in California's borax mines, where the P&H 4100 uses advanced electronics, brute strength, and savvy operators to excavate 170-ton chunks in a single scoop. We travel back to 1835, when William Otis set off an American digging frenzy with his patented steam shovel. And at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, we kick the legs of NASA's latest Mars Lander: Phoenix. This stationary probe has a robotic arm with a shovel scoop designed to dig into the soil, locate ice, and analyze its properties. Back on Earth, the Hitachi Corporation's 200-ton hydraulic humanitarian shovel is designed to locate and explode landmines in Third-World countries. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Freight Trains. They are the life blood of the American Economy, transporting 1.8 billion tons of freight each year, carrying everything from crops, to consumer electronics, cars to chemicals, not to mention coal and just about any other item that you can think of. This program will take you to what is considered the greatest freight transportation system in the world, the Union Pacific's Bailey yard--a pit stop for much of the nation's freight on its journey across the continent. We'll also explore the history of freight transportation from its humble beginnings as tramways in mines to complex system of rails that stretches to every corner of the nation. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - 60's Tech Take a groovy ride back to the freewheeling days of the 1960s and recall the technological happenings that helped shape the decade. Television went from black and white to color. Satellite broadcasting made coast-to-coast live broadcasts possible. Transistors made radios portable, computers downsized and telephones began switching from rotary to touch-tone. The 60s also brought along the Ford Mustang and other hot wheels. For fun, there was slot car racing, etch-a-sketch, the superball, and lava lamps. The decade gave us quite a technological rush, with the introduction of concert sound, psychedelic light shows and the birth of the rock festival. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - It Came from Outer Space Discover how essential space travel technologies have journeyed back to Earth with surprising and indispensable commercial applications. For example, paint that can withstand the heat of reentry now protects our steel-framed high-rises from collapsing in a fire. Batteries that can take a sports car from zero to 60 in four seconds also keep our satellites in orbit. The oxygen tank used by firefighters to save countless lives is just like the one used by our astronauts during the Apollo missions. These and many ordinary objects are traced back to their NASA roots, where they originally had the right stuff. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, May 17, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Colosseum. Nothing symbolizes the Roman Empire at its height or Rome in magnificent ruins more than the Colosseum. Built in 70 AD, it seated 80,000 people, boasted a retractable roof, underground staging devices, marble seating, and lavish decorations. It still serves as the prototype for the modern stadium. The complexity of its construction, the beauty of its architecture, and the functionality of its design made it the perfect place for massive crowds to congregate for the bloody spectacles it contained. 8-9pm -- Cities of the Underworld - 07 - Catacombs of Death Beneath the hustle and bustle of Paris streets are a world of snaking quarries, hidden catacombs, and mushroom-harvesting tunnels. Even Paris' 10.5 million residents have no idea they live on top of nearly 20 centuries of history carved into the limestone foundation below. From its Gallic beginnings to the Roman foundations of Lutetia, today's Paris may be one of the world's most sophisticated cities above the ground--but below ground it's a different story. Join host Eric Geller as he reveals the secrets beneath Paris and the Notre Dame church and what they reveal about a 2,000 year old civilization that rests underneath it. 9-10pm -- Mega Movers - Ancient Mystery Moves The towering 80-ton statues on Easter Island and the 800-ton trilithon stones of the Roman God of Thunder's Temple are examples of ancient engineering miracles that would appear to be too heavy to move. Scientists and engineers search for clues and set out to solve the mysteries of how primitive man pushed the limits of ingenuity and pulled off the impossible. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Snackfood Tech. Extruders, molds, in-line conveyor belts. Are these machines manufacturing adhesives, plastics, or parts for your car? No, they're making treats for your mouth--and you will see them doing their seductively tasty work in this scrumptious episode. First, we visit Utz Quality Foods in Hanover, Pennsylvania, that produces more than one million pounds of chips per week, and Snyder's of Hanover, the leading US pretzel manufacturer. Next, we focus on the world's largest candy manufacturer, Masterfoods USA, which makes Milky Way, Snickers, Mars, and M&Ms, and take a lick at the world's largest lollipop producer, Tootsie Roll Industries. And at Flower Foods' Crossville, Tennessee plant, an army of cupcakes rolls down a conveyer belt. The final stop is Dreyer's Bakersfield, California plant, where 20,000 ice cream bars and 9,600 drumsticks roll off the line in an hour. ____________________________________________________ Friday, May 18, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 18. We look at a 1999 tragedy, when three ironworkers plunged 200 feet when the basket in which they were working was struck by debris during construction of Milwaukee's Brewers Baseball Stadium. Next, we travel to a deadly explosion in China's Sunjiwan coal mine--antiquated equipment, minimal safety standards, and a rush to overproduce left the mines susceptible to fires, floods, and explosions. From the 1920s through the `50s, US shoe stores featured the fluoroscope. Based on an early Edison machine, the fluoroscope took x-rays to determine a customer's size--while emitting high doses of radiation. In California, we visit the Salton Sea, an unnatural body of water with no drainage that grows more salty and less hospitable to life daily. In the 1950s Soviet leaders embarked on a massive irrigation project that diverted water from the Aral Sea. Over time, the coastline receded 100 miles, killing off many species of fish and a once thriving fishing industry. 8-10pm -- Warrior Queen Boudica - Wife, mother, queen...and leader of one of the most violent rebellions against Roman domination in British history. This we know about Boudica, Queen of the Iceni. Her story and her tribe's have been recorded by Roman historians, pondered by scholars, and examined by archaeologists who continue to dig for clues about this warrior whose army set fear in the hearts of Romans. When King Prasutagus died, the Iceni tribe, which once lived in peace with Rome, were brutally set upon by Romans--they beat Queen Boudica and raped her daughters. Seething with revenge, Boudica's forces attacked Roman settlements including London, a thriving Roman merchant center, which was destroyed. Here, we uncover the remarkable story of Boudica, who led her tribe in a revolt never seen before or since in British history. Her struggle--to free Briton's tribes from Roman domination; at stake--the freedom and independence of all Briton's tribes and their unique Celtic culture. 10-11pm -- Dogfights - 04 - Flying Tigers Two weeks after Pearl Harbor... A courageous, rag-tag band of American mercenaries dare to challenge the over-whelming might of the Japanese Air Force. The legendary "Flying Tigers" slash through the skies of China, and help vanquish the unstoppable Japanese. Follow leading Tiger aces Tex Hill and John Alison as their P-40 Tomahawks fight to the death against the agile Japanese 1-97 Nate. First-hand accounts, rare archival footage and original shooting will supplement the remarkable computer graphics. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, May 19, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Act of Honor - On November 15, 2004, Sgt. Rafael Peralta died while fighting to secure a key insurgent stronghold in Iraq. Peralta and fellow Marines were ambushed by guerillas who then lobbed a grenade at them. Already seriously wounded, Peralta shielded his companions by covering the explosive device with his body, saving their lives and sacrificing his own. Watch Peralta's extraordinary journey from Tijuana, Mexico to San Diego to the streets of Iraq. Included are interviews with his widowed mother and three siblings in San Diego. 8-10pm -- The Templar Code - For nearly two centuries, the Knights Templar were the medieval world's most powerful order, a fearsome and unstoppable Crusader militia. Then came accusations of unspeakable crimes. Who were the Templars, really? How did they become so powerful, so fast, and why did they fall just as quickly? Evidence hints that the Templars excavated under Jerusalem's Temple of Solomon. What did they find there? Was it, as The Da Vinci Code suggests, the true identity of the Holy Grail--the bloodline of Christ? Or an unimaginable treasure, documented in the Dead Sea Scrolls, buried 1,000 years before Christ's birth? We explore the Templar's origin, how they lived, trained, fought and became a medieval world power, and the suspicious circumstances behind their sudden downfall. Plus, we reveal why these warriors, dead for seven centuries, and their treasure still populate Hollywood blockbusters. Narrated by Ed Herrmann and featuring preeminent Templar authors. 10-11pm -- The States - 05 - Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Hawaii, South Carolina, Montana Ground Hog Day in Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, dates back to 1886 and an ancient European holiday called Candlemass Day. Garrison Keeler and his A Prairie Home Companion radio program export a comic, down-home image of Minnesota to a weekly worldwide audience of over four million listeners. Hawaii is the only state that was once a kingdom and had its throne toppled in 1893 by a handful of meddling foreigners with the aid of the U.S. Navy. Following the world's first submarine attack in 1864, the Confederate sub The Hunley sank mysteriously in Charleston Harbor, but was discovered and raised 131 years later. Montana has long been the world's best source for dinosaur fossils and a recent discovery is shedding new light. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, May 20, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Rogue Waves - Join us for the amazing story of one of nature's most terrifying forces. With striking visuals from ships in storm-tossed seas, the special presents dramatic tales of rogue wave disasters throughout history, and explores the astonishing scientific discoveries surrounding this deadly phenomenon. Aided by mind-blowing CGI footage from the motion picture Poseidon by Wolfgang Petersen, director of The Perfect Storm, we reveal the awesome power of this ocean menace as it really is--a monster rising from the deep! 8-9pm -- Decoding The Past - Doomsday 2012: The End of Days There are prophecies and oracles from around the world that all seem to point to December 21, 2012 as doomsday. The ancient Mayan Calendar, the medieval predictions of Merlin, the Book of Revelation and the Chinese oracle of the I Ching all point to this specific date as the end of civilization. A new technology called "The Web-Bot Project" makes massive scans of the internet as a means of forecasting the future... and has turned up the same dreaded date: 2012. Skeptics point to a long history of "Failed Doomsdays", but many oracles of doom throughout history have a disturbingly accurate track record. As the year 2012 ticks ever closer we'll speculate if there are any reasons to believe these doomsayers. 9-10pm -- Earth's Black Hole - Explore with us the wonders and mysteries of the Black Holes in our universe. Is it possible that areas on earth might, in fact, show black hole like tendencies? We take a hard scientific look at an area known as the Bermuda Triangle to see if there are indeed any similarities between the supposed forces in the triangle and the destructive force of a black hole. From a research boat trip through the triangle to interviews with scientists at the US Geological Survey, Harvard University, and the UK's Cardiff University, we go far beyond the event horizon to explore the dangers in this area and what relation they might indeed have with its counterpoint in space. 10-11pm -- Siberian Apocalypse - At 7:15AM on June 30, 1908, a giant fireball, as bright the Sun, explodes in the Siberian sky with a force a thousand times greater than the Hiroshima bomb. It decimates 1,000 square miles of forest--over half the size of Rhode Island, and was the biggest cosmic disaster in the history of civilization. What caused the apocalyptic fire in the sky? Over a hundred theories surround what is called the Tunguska event, varying from asteroids and comets to black holes and alien spaceships. Most scientists agree the Tunguska event will happen again, and next time, the human toll could be unimaginable. Now, NASA and other organizations race against time to stop the next planet killer before it ignites Armageddon. ____________________________________________________ Monday, May 21, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Howard Hughes Tech. An in-depth look at the technology conceived or developed by America's first billionaire. A passionate aviator, Howard Hughes built and flew planes that broke speed records, and developed war machines, spy aircraft, and commercial airliners. Despite the impressive heights reached by his technological empire, his health and mental well-being were fragile. During his last years, he wasn't seen publicly or photographed, rarely left the hotel suites he occupied, and was terrified of germs. But when Hughes died in 1976, he left a huge legacy in aviation and technology. When we board an airliner, view TV via satellite, or marvel at America's military might, we might do well to remember the risk-taker who flew faster than his peers and was at heart an aviator obsessively dedicated to both the art and science of flight. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - UFO Hot Spots. For those who study the UFO phenomenon, "UFO Hot Spots" are places around the globe known for a long history of UFO sightings and reports. From Brazil to Mexico, from Washington State to Florida, multiple witnesses, including air traffic controllers and even military personnel, confirm that something unexplained is repeatedly happening in the night sky. Tales of alien abductions, bizarre and chilling photographs of UFOs, and hours of videotape all abound as we search for UFO Hot Spots. 9-10pm -- Cities of the Underworld - 02 - City of Caves Discover an ancient secret that dates back to the dawn of time lurking beneath the city of Budapest, Hungary. The caves beneath Budapest were formed during the Ice Age and everyone from the cavemen to the communists has moved their city into the depths of this parallel world. Join host Eric Geller as he gains special access into this sealed-up time capsule where he'll uncover a top secret World War II hospital, find the source of the boiling healing water used by both the Romans and the Turks, and see the layers of support added throughout the centuries to keep today's world from falling into the one buried below. Watch as the technological marvels that allowed construction of one city upon another are revealed. 10-11pm -- Digging for the Truth - Secrets of the Nasca Lines. Etched into the driest desert in the world, the mysterious lines and figures of Nasca in Southern Peru are invisible from the ground. Thought to have been made by the Nasca people, who flourished between 200 BC and 600 AD, in fact, these huge drawings were not discovered until the 1930s--and only then by commercial airline pilots who happened to over-fly them. Ever since, they have intrigued the world. Who built them, and why? Host, explorer, and survival expert Josh Bernstein takes on the secrets of the Nasca Lines, while flying micro-lites and powered para-gliders, clambering through thousand-year old irrigation tunnels, and even recreating rituals with contemporary Native Americans. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, May 22, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Metal. They constitute the very essence of the modern world; the cadence of our progress sounds in the measured ring of the blacksmith's hammer. From soaring skyscrapers and sturdy bridges to jet planes and rockets, metals play a key role. Our journey begins before the Bronze Age and takes us into the shiny future when new metal structures--engineered at a molecular level to be stronger, lighter, and cheaper--shape human progress, as they have since man first thrust copper into a fire and forged a tool. 8-9pm -- Hooked: Illegal Drugs and How They Got That Way - Cocaine. Derived from South America's coca leaf, cocaine was touted as a cure-all in the late 19th century and was the secret ingredient in many medicines and elixirs such as Coca-Cola. But cocaine's allure quickly diminished as racism entered the picture--the concept of the "cocaine-crazed Negro" even led police to strengthen the caliber of their guns from .32 to .38. We'll see how, though it was outlawed in 1914, its popularity soared in the 1980s and '90s and gave birth to a deadlier form--crack. 9-10pm -- Hooked: Illegal Drugs and How They Got That Way - Marijuana. In a series investigating the history of drug use, we begin our trip tracing the rise of marijuana and synthetic amphetamines. Marijuana, from the Indian hemp plant, has been used worldwide as a source of rope, cloth, and paper; its medicinal qualities were first documented 4,000 years ago in China. But it's best known as the drug of choice of the 1960s. During WWII, US troops were given an estimated 200 million amphetamines to fight drowsiness and battle fatigue, and they're still used to fight depression. 10-11pm -- Hooked: Illegal Drugs and How They Got That Way - Opium, Morphine, and Heroin. An examination of the history of the poppy plant and three of its deadliest derivatives. In ancient times, the poppy was considered divine, but in the 19th and 20th centuries, its addicting and lethal qualities caused unprecedented national outrage, social upheaval, and even sparked two wars. Used by the upper classes as patent medicines, heroin became the bane of society when the working class began to use it. In 1914, Federal law banned heroin and opium, and restricted morphine to medicinal use. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, May 23, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Bulletproof. How do you stop a speeding bullet? From body armor to armored cars and trucks, we review the history of the race between the bullet and a successful way to stop it. It's not exactly easy to design material that can catch gunfire traveling up to 3,000 feet per second. We'll look at little-known advances like bulletproof layering hidden in walls, futuristic smart materials that "remember" how to stop a bullet, and a system that deploys a shield within milliseconds when it detects an oncoming round. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - The World's Fastest. Perhaps no field has experienced the revolution in velocity more acutely than transportation. We look at five blazingly fast technological marvels that have pushed the speed limits to the very edge, each with its own unique and dramatic history: the world's fastest production car (Sweden's Koenigsegg CCR); the world's fastest train (the Maglev in Shanghai); the world's fastest boat (The Spirit of Australia); the world's fastest roller coaster (the Kingda Ka) and the fastest thing on earth (the Holloman High Speed Test Track), used to test highly sensitive equipment for many branches of the government and commercial clients. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - World's Strongest. Strength...A powerful word, but what does it mean? How is it measured? Why are some things simply stronger than others. How strong is a rope, a tractor, a diamond, a tugboat or even plastic. From Spectra fibre to Lexan learn where, how and why strength matters to us every day. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - World's Strongest II What does it take to rate as "the world's strongest"? Watch as life-saving boron carbide body armor, strong enough to stop 9mm machine gun bullets at point-blank range, is put to the test. Visit the world of Monster Trucks and watch BigFoot in car-crushing action. For a demonstration of lifting might, head dockside with a super-strong mobile crane capable of hoisting a 600-ton mega-yacht and toting it through a boat yard without a scratch. The Super-Shredder is a metal recycling monster that can gobble up 200 junked cars a minute. Finally, is there really a super-strong pogo stick that would be able to "bo-ing" over cars? ____________________________________________________ Thursday, May 24, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Nordhausen. It was the world's largest underground factory--seven miles of tunnels built to manufacture Hitler's secret weapons, primarily the V-2 rocket. But Nordhausen kept more than one secret. Technology and torture went hand-in-hand--25,000 concentration camp workers died there--and some of those associated with Nordhausen later helped take America to the moon. 8-9pm -- Cities of the Underworld - 02 - City of Caves Discover an ancient secret that dates back to the dawn of time lurking beneath the city of Budapest, Hungary. The caves beneath Budapest were formed during the Ice Age and everyone from the cavemen to the communists has moved their city into the depths of this parallel world. Join host Eric Geller as he gains special access into this sealed-up time capsule where he'll uncover a top secret World War II hospital, find the source of the boiling healing water used by both the Romans and the Turks, and see the layers of support added throughout the centuries to keep today's world from falling into the one buried below. Watch as the technological marvels that allowed construction of one city upon another are revealed. 9-10pm -- Mega Movers - Tall Structures Their soaring height is imposing. Their narrow design makes them some of the most difficult and dangerous structures to move -- from the 100-foot-tall obelisks of Ancient Egypt to the 1,483 foot tall Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur. Those that dare try to move these tall structures face almost certain defeat. Yet, despite the risks our team proves it can be done -- first by peering into the future to move two of the world's tallest skyscrapers, and then taking on a present-day challenge never before attempted -- simultaneously moving two towering silos connected by a common wall. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Pirate Tech. Bold, cunning, and audacious, pirates are a breed of fighting men and women who have terrorized the high seas since before recorded history. At the height of their power in the 1700s they literally influenced the fate of nations when they became embroiled in the rivalry between England and Spain. This special will visit maritime museums and shipwreck sites, utilize walk-and-talk demonstrations of fire arms, swords, and navigation instruments to help spotlight the innovations pirates brought to maritime technology. Includes a look at how many pirates modified their ships to make them faster and more powerful. ____________________________________________________ Friday, May 25, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Hunting Gear. They are lethal tools that ensured our survival, altered our evolution, and maintained our dominion over other animals. Though hunting technology is the backbone of a multi-billion-dollar sports industry, current cutting-edge gear is a far cry from prehistoric man's rudimentary tools. From the crude knife to 24-hour digital cameras that monitor animal movement and earmuffs with microphones to amplify outside noise while blocking gunshot sound, we examine the development of hunting weapons and gear. 8-9pm -- Save Our History - Sherman's Total War Tactics During his march through Georgia and the Carolinas in 1864-65, General William Tecumseh Sherman's army destroyed towns, decimated the land and broke the spirit of the rebels. He is still the most hated man in Georgia. Join Steve Thomas as he travels the entire route of the march, investigating the destructive tactics, tools, and technologies used by Sherman's 62,000 Union troops. Discover how Sherman's brutal but highly innovative march moved fast and effectively. 9-11pm -- Dogfights: The Greatest Air Battles - Ever imagine what it would be like to participate in the most historic air battles of all time? Imagine no more. This special puts viewers in the cockpit to recreate four famous air battles, using computer graphics, animation, firsthand accounts, and archival footage to make these thrilling and dangerous dogfights all too real. Each segment begins with an introduction to a pilot as we learn of the conflict he is engaged in, the history and technology of the aircraft that he flies, and the mortal enemy he must face. Then comes the moment of contact with the enemy--the fight begins! Experience a computer-generated recreation of the aerial battle as the voice of the pilot plays out this life and death combat. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, May 26, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - 60's Tech Take a groovy ride back to the freewheeling days of the 1960s and recall the technological happenings that helped shape the decade. Television went from black and white to color. Satellite broadcasting made coast-to-coast live broadcasts possible. Transistors made radios portable, computers downsized and telephones began switching from rotary to touch-tone. The 60s also brought along the Ford Mustang and other hot wheels. For fun, there was slot car racing, etch-a-sketch, the superball, and lava lamps. The decade gave us quite a technological rush, with the introduction of concert sound, psychedelic light shows and the birth of the rock festival. 8-10:30pm -- Planet of the Apes Movie. The year is 3978 and a spaceship with a crew of four crashes down on a distant planet. One of the crew members had died in space and the other three head out to explore the planet. The planet is much like their own; however, it is inhabited by intelligent apes. One of the men is shot and killed and the others are taken to the apes' city. There, one undergoes brain surgery and is put into a state of living death. The other (Charlton Heston) befriends some of the apes but is feared by most. After being put through ape trial he escapes with a female human native to the planet. He then learns the planet might not be so distant after all... Roddy McDowall and Kim Hunter co-star in this film classic. (1968) 10:30-11:30pm -- The States - 06 - Florida, Indiana, Washington, Utah, Rhode Island Hurricanes, lightening and alligator-filled swamps made Florida an unwelcome candidate for statehood, yet it continues to draw more and more people annually. In 1900, Indianapolis, not Detroit, was the center of the auto industry, and endurance tests there resulted in the establishment of the Indy 500 in 1911. On May 18, 1980, America's most economically destructive volcanic erupts at Mt. St. Helens and rocks Washington State. Escaping religious persecution, Brigham Young leads twelve thousand Mormons on an exodus into the Utah desert in search of paradise. Roger Williams fled Massachusetts in the 16th century and founded a colony of religious tolerance in Rhode Island. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, May 27, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Pirate Tech. Bold, cunning, and audacious, pirates are a breed of fighting men and women who have terrorized the high seas since before recorded history. At the height of their power in the 1700s they literally influenced the fate of nations when they became embroiled in the rivalry between England and Spain. This special will visit maritime museums and shipwreck sites, utilize walk-and-talk demonstrations of fire arms, swords, and navigation instruments to help spotlight the innovations pirates brought to maritime technology. Includes a look at how many pirates modified their ships to make them faster and more powerful 8-10pm -- True Caribbean Pirates - Blackbeard. Ann Bonny. Henry Jennings. Calico Jack. Henry Morgan. Black Bart Roberts. During the mid to late 17th and early 18th centuries, they were feared criminals. The Caribbean was their domain, the parade of treasure and cargo to Europe their target. The origins of Caribbean piracy began when Columbus made landfall in the Bahamas. Two years later, the Pope granted Spain the exclusive right to the Caribbean and most of the New World. The Spanish reaped an immense fortune in gold and silver, but with a price. England, France, and Holland all desired a portion of this wealth and each established Caribbean bases and used privateers--private sailors fighting for profit--to protect their interests and steal Spanish treasure. The line between privateering and piracy became blurred. We'll examine this Golden Age of Piracy and the true stories of the infamous pirates, how they operated, and their successes and failures in this dark and deadly profession. 10-12am -- Star Trek: Beyond the Final Frontier - For forty years Star Trek has engrossed our imaginations and sent us on voyages across the galaxy. Through ten films and five series this entertainment juggernaut has become a pop culture icon and a window to our society. We will look at the impact that Star Trek has had on fans around the world. From the conventions in Europe and Las Vegas to the billionaire collector who scours the world for memorabilia, we will try to find out just what it is about this supposedly "silly" series that has meant so much to so many. Leonard Nimoy hosts. ____________________________________________________ Monday, May 28, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 6:40-8pm -- Band of Brothers - Points. Major Winters (Damian Lewis) leads Easy Company into the Bavarian town of Berchtesgaden--once home to top Nazi officers--and receives orders to take the abandoned Eagle's Nest, Hitler's mountaintop fortress. As German officers hand over their weapons, soldiers raid wine cellars and snap up souvenirs. But their elation is short-lived--most of the division faces redeployment to the Pacific Theater. A closing vignette tells what happened to the men of Easy Company after they returned home. 8-9pm -- Star Wars Tech - Take a look at the technology shown throughout the six Star Wars films and examine their viability through the eyes of cold hard science. Could a Death Star really be built? Can you build an army of clones? What is 3-D imaging, and where the can you get a Light Saber? Travel to a galaxy far, far away to answer all of these questions and more. 9-11pm -- Star Wars: The Legacy Revealed - The story of Anakin Skywalker's descent into darkness and his son Luke's quest to conquer evil has spellbound audiences for 30 years. The reason for this is simple: the saga of Star Wars is universal and firmly rooted in the mythology and the political history of the entire planet. May 2007 will mark the 30th anniversary of George Lucas' space fantasy that grossed billions worldwide. For the first time take a profound look at the serious subtext behind Lucas' six film milestone. The influence of ancient mythology from Greek legends to King Arthur is visible; but also more recent historical influences, from the political rise of Napoleon to the machinations of Adolf Hitler can be seen. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, May 29, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-9pm -- Star Wars: The Legacy Revealed - (repeated from 9pm yesterday) 9-10pm -- The Universe - Secrets of the Sun It is a fireball in the sky, a bubbling, boiling, kinetic sphere of white hot plasma, exploding and erupting. Its size is almost unimaginable--one million Earths would fit within its boundaries. In this violence is born almost all the energy that makes existence on Earth possible, yet, its full mysteries are only now beginning to be understood. From Sun spots to solar eclipses, solar flares to solar storms, the birth of the sun to its potential death, discover the science and history behind this celestial object that makes life on Earth exist. 10-11pm -- UFO Files - UFOs of the 70's The 1970s were one of the most active periods of UFO sightings. The most famous sightings of the decade are recalled and up-to-date information on the closest of encounters is provided. From Delphos, Kansas to Roswell, New Mexico, explore the mysterious and the unknown, and meet those who claim to have seen UFOs, or were even abducted by aliens. Is the truth out there? ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, May 30, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - More Doomsday Tech. The second deadly hour examines more threats--both natural and manmade--that may endanger civilization. From the far reaches of space to tiny viruses, doomsday sources are many. But so are technologies used to keep doomsday at bay. Asteroids of significant size have hit our planet before and likely will again. Asteroid hunters demonstrate the Near Earth Asteroid Tracking (NEAT) program and methods being developed to destroy earth-aimed asteroids. Then, it's onto bioterrorism's sinister technologies--how highly virulent agents like smallpox and plague can be weaponized. Next, an ex-hacker turned cyber-security expert shows how vulnerable the nation's computers are to cyberterror. Finally, we visit the controversial world of biotechnology. Could genetically engineered crops backfire? Does a brave new world of genetically selected beings loom in our not-so-distant future? 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters of the 70's. To err is human... But when the error results in the loss of life, it's a disaster. Learn about one of the most mysterious maritime disasters of the decade--the sinking of the Edmund Fitzgerald. Was it possible that the nation was on the brink of war due to a faulty circuit board? What caused the Buffalo Creek Dam disaster in West Virginia? Finally, delve into the explosion of a super tanker in Los Angeles harbor. With the aid of 3-D animation, forensic engineering experts, and footage of the actual disasters, an in-depth look can be taken of what went wrong, and how the disasters have led to industry improvements. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - 70's Tech The 1970s were a decade of excess. Dust off your mirror ball, put on your leisure suit, and rediscover the gadgets of the era. Play PONG with its inventor and learn how this simple game created a billion dollar empire. Texas Instruments engineers explain how the technology behind the Speak & Spell ended up in our cell phones. Discover how Mr. Coffee became America's favorite breakfast buddy, and how Polaroid engineered a film that magically developed right before your eyes. Climb aboard the Concorde and learn how Britain and France trumped the Soviet Union and the United States in a race for supersonic air supremacy. 10-11pm -- History Rocks: The 70's - Part 1 Take a whirlwind look at the 1970s through the music, footage and personalities from the time. Unforgettable news stories are paired with blockbuster songs from the same era. The thrills of a music video are combined with the power of a documentary to create an engaging visual experience of a truly transformative decade in American history. Music featured in this first part include songs by Blue Oyster Cult, Bachman Turner Overdrive, Styx, Elton John and The Allman Brothers. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, May 31, 2007 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The M-16. The most powerful assault rifle ever used in combat, the M-16 became the symbol of our lost war--Vietnam--and can easily be called America's most unloved gun. Yet, 30 years after its introduction, it stands as a potent icon of U.S. military strength worldwide. We'll explain how it almost ended up on the scrap heap! 8-9pm -- Man, Moment, Machine - Apollo 13: Triumph on the Dark Side. April 1970--the Apollo 13 mission is 178,000 miles from Earth, just two days away from a lunar landing, when an explosion rips the spacecraft apart and puts the crew's lives on the line. Captain Jim Lovell has to work quickly and decisively to save his crew and what's left of his ship. After struggling to stay alive for four days in a freezing cold spacecraft, no one knows if the command module carrying the astronauts can survive a fiery re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere. Only the leadership of Jim Lovell, the ingenuity of the NASA team in space and on the ground, and the robust systems of the spacecraft offer a chance for survival. Houston, we have a problem 9-10pm -- Mega Movers - Lock, Stock, & Barrel It's a scenario right out of a science fiction movie. What if in the future the Pentagon -- the world's largest office building -- had to be moved, while operating at full-capacity? That's 3.7 million square feet of office space and nearly a million tons of weight. Could it be done? One Mega Mover theorist lays out his plan for this extraordinary move. Then these same principles are put to the test when two thriving businesses -- a general store and a funeral home -- must be moved with all its contents inside. For the general store, that means moving priceless antiques. For the funeral home, it's keeping caskets and embalming equipment from being destroyed. Will it be celebration or sorrow for the owners? 10-11pm -- History Rocks: The 70's - Part 2 Take a whirlwind look at the 1970s through the music, footage and personalities from the time. Unforgettable news stories are paired with blockbuster songs from the same era. The thrills of a music video are combined with the power of a documentary to create an engaging visual experience of a truly transformative decade in American history. Music featured in this second part include songs by Blondie, Supertramp, Foreigner, The Police and Lynard Skynard. Current History Channel listingsLet them choose their own gift: Amazon.com Gift Certificates
Saturday, May 19 8am Wild West Tech: Revenge Tech (TVPG V-L | cc) Friday, May 25 3pm Wild West Tech: Native American Tech (TVPG V-L | cc)Mail Call (rated TVPG-L, cc) in 2007, all 60-minute unless noted:
R. Lee Ermey (Mail Call) has decided to play something other than a tough drill sgt. (Full Metal Jacket). His latest movie is a prequel to Texas Chainsaw Massacre called "Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Beginning" as the head of a very strange & lethal family of mutants
Watch Mail Call every week if you know what's good for you, scumbag,
hosted by R. Lee Ermey of Full Metal Jacket
(movie available on video and DVD)
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* Congressman Gary Condit (D), who reportedly told police he'd had an affair with Levy, is no longer considered to be a suspect in the case. Condit lost his bid for re-election in the Democratic Primary of 2002.
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