Tuesday, August 1, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Desert Tech. It's hot, dry, deadly, and hard to ignore with close to 40% of Earth classified as desert. But in this scorching hour, the desert turns from barren wasteland into an environment rich with hope. In the Middle East, desalination of seawater now fills water needs. Americans have created booming desert communities like Las Vegas, where the Hoover Dam produces hydroelectric power and manmade Lake Mead supplies water. Native Americans farmed the desert on a small scale, but 20th-century technology begot greater opportunity. Once desolate areas of California and Mexico now grow agriculture due to irrigation, and the desert's abundant sunshine allows solar-energy and wind-power production. And in the future, desert technology may enable colonization of planets like Mars. We also take a look at how refrigeration and air conditioning have made life in desert communities tolerable, and examine the latest in survival gear and equipment. 8-9pm -- Mysteries of the Freemasons. Is America the creation of the Freemasons? For hundreds of years, suspicions of a plot to take over America have swirled around the Freemasons, the world's oldest secret society. Freemasons led the Revolution, framed the Declaration of Independence and Constitution, designed our nation's capital, and in the early years of the Republic, grew to unmatched heights of influence and power. The untold story of the Freemasons in America reveals secret codes, patterns in the sky, murder, and a radically new picture of the nation's Founding Fathers. We'll explore this remarkable story through dramatic reenactments, expert interviews, sophisticated CGI, and original location documentary footage. Features historians Stephen Bullock, Dan Burstein, Brent Morris, Akram Elias, and author David Shugarts. But will a rational view reveal the Freemasons as an important and honorable thread in the fabric of America? 9-10pm -- Mega Disasters - Mega Blast. Tune in to see this week's episode. 10-11pm -- Mega Movers - B-25 Bomber In 1943, a B-25 Mitchell, WWII's most versatile twin-engine bomber, crash-landed in South Carolina. It sank 150 feet to the bottom of a lake and over time was forgotten. Now, 60 years later, a local doctor is determined to raise the giant bomber intact and give it to a museum. Our team--divers, engineers, and preservationists--takes on the job of moving the 20,000-pound bomber to the surface, while faced with the challenges of working in nearly zero-visibility murky waters and the wrath of an approaching hurricane, plus fear that the plane may be breaking apart! ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, August 2, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Paving America. The story of the construction of our grand national highway system, from its beginnings in 1912 (it was conceived by auto and headlight tycoons) to its completion in 1984 (when the last stoplight was removed--and buried). 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Distilleries. From water and grain...to mash...still...vat...barrel and bottle--the distilling of alcoholic spirits is a big business and near-sacred religion. Its acolytes eye the color, swirl the glass, inhale the bouquet, sip, and then ponder their ambrosia. What's your pleasure? Bourbon, Scotch, Rum, Gin, Vodka, or Tequila? We trace the history of distilling from the one-man/one-still tradition to the Voldstead Act of 1920 that devastated American distilleries to the mega-sales and high-volume distillery of today. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Brewing. It's one of the world's oldest and most beloved beverages--revered by Pharaohs and brewed by America's Founding Fathers. Today, brewing the bitter elixir is a multi-billion-dollar global industry. Join us for an invigorating look at brewing's history from prehistoric times to today's cutting-edge craft breweries, focusing on its gradually evolving technologies and breakthroughs. We'll find the earliest known traces of brewing, which sprang up independently in such far-flung places as ancient Sumeria, China, and Finland; examine the surprising importance that beer held in the daily and ceremonial life of ancient Egypt; and at Delaware's Dogfish Head Craft Brewery, an adventurous anthropologist and a cutting-edge brewer show us the beer they've concocted based on 2,700-year-old DNA found in drinking vessels from the funerary of the legendary King Midas. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Nuts Pintsized as a pea or big as a bowling ball, nutritional, durable, and versatile, nuts have been a staple of the human diet since time began, and archaeological evidence places them among our earliest foods. For that, the ancients worshiped them. And because they were relatively non-perishable, nuts sustained the imperial armies of Rome and China, the royal navies of England and Spain, and the native tribes that roamed the American wilderness. Today, we think of nuts as mere snacks, but in a poignant segment, we feature how a peanut product is used by organizations like UNICEF to reverse malnutrition in starving children in less than four weeks. And a powder ground from walnut shells cleans everything from ship hulls to the Space Shuttle. From ancient traditions of tree-picking and hand-gathering to today's powerful machine shakers, sophisticated irrigation techniques, and the latest bio-science, we'll provide a spread of history that's just as smooth as your peanut butter! ____________________________________________________ Thursday, August 3, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway - The Atlantic Intracostal Highway It stretches 2,500 miles from Boston to Miami. The Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway is comprised of a system of canals, land cuts, and a series of natural and artificial barrier islands, which provide a protected passage for low-draft vessels wishing to avoid the tumultuous currents of the Atlantic Ocean. The AICW was conceived in the late 18th century, before there was a system of roads in America. A time when the numerous rivers, bays, and sounds along the eastern seaboard were the roads and the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway was envisioned to be America's first superhighway. Much like Route 66, the AICW represents a bygone era. A time when the transport industry was in its infancy, and life moved at a slower pace. It's a safe bet that the ships that sail its waters today value it for that very reason. 8-9pm -- Ancient Marvels - Ancient Discoveries: Heron of Alexandria. In this hour, we travel to Alexandria, Egypt--the home of inventors and philosophers in ancient times. One of the greatest inventors was Heron of Alexandria, a Greek mathematician, geometer, and worker in mechanics, who taught at the famous Museum. His strange inventions, such as automaton theaters--puppet theaters worked by strings, drums, and weights--automatic doors, and coin-operated machines, were famous throughout the ancient world. 9-10pm -- Decoding The Past - Mayan Doomsday Prophecy The world is coming to an end on December 21, 2012! The ancient Maya made this stunning prediction more than 2,000 years ago. We'll peel back the layers of mystery and examine in detail how the Maya calculated the exact date of doomsday. Journey back to the ancient city of Chichen Itza, the hub of Maya civilization deep in the heart of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, to uncover the truth about this prophecy. The Maya were legendary astronomers and timekeepers--their calendar is more accurate than our own. By tracking the stars and planets they assigned great meaning to astronomical phenomena and made extraordinary predictions based on them--many of which have come true. Could their doomsday prophecy be one of them? In insightful interviews archaeologists, astrologers, and historians speculate on the meaning of the 2012 prophecy. Their answers are as intriguing as the questions. 10-11pm -- American Eats - Cookies "She's one tough cookie." "That's the way the cookie crumbles." Whether on Santa's plate or at grandma's house, cookies are a part of American culture. What began as hardened biscuits (perfect for traveling), they grew lighter, richer, and sweeter once sugar became readily available in the Middle East in the 13th century. But when Dutch settlers brought the idea to New York, cookies became truly American, and in 1930, America made its mark in the cookie world with invention of the chocolate chip cookie. Along with the peanut butter cookie--and yes, the fortune cookie--the chocolate chip cookie is uniquely American. Whether dropped, rolled, molded, pressed, filled, or cut into shapes, cookies are ingrained in our culture and recognizable icons--from the Cookie Monster to the Keebler Elves--help sell more than $6-billion each year. In fact, cookies are consumed in 95.2% of US homes! Join us for a sweet hour as we get out our rolling pins for the history of cookies. ____________________________________________________ Friday, August 4, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Howard Hughes Tech. An in-depth look at the technology conceived or developed by America's first billionaire. A passionate aviator, Howard Hughes built and flew planes that broke speed records, and developed war machines, spy aircraft, and commercial airliners. Despite the impressive heights reached by his technological empire, his health and mental well-being were fragile. During his last years, he wasn't seen publicly or photographed, rarely left the hotel suites he occupied, and was terrified of germs. But when Hughes died in 1976, he left a huge legacy in aviation and technology. When we board an airliner, view TV via satellite, or marvel at America's military might, we might do well to remember the risk-taker who flew faster than his peers and was at heart an aviator obsessively dedicated to both the art and science of flight. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Majestic Twelve: UFO Cover-Up. What really happened in Roswell, New Mexico in the summer of 1947? Did a flying saucer crash in the vast desert scrubland? The initial Army Air Force press release claimed they had recovered a flying disk. But a day later, the story dramatically changed--now they called it a weather balloon! In 1987, secret documents surfaced indicating the existence of the "Majestic 12"--an elite group of scientists and military and intelligence officials, allegedly brought together by President Harry Truman. Did the MJ-12 truly exist? If so, did these men forever trivialize the most talked-about UFO event in history, as well as all UFO sightings thereafter? 9-10pm -- UFO Files - Kecksburg UFO. What came down in the forest outside the sleepy hamlet of Kecksburg, Pennsylvania on December 9, 1965? Some residents claimed to see an acorn-shaped metal object with strange, hieroglyphic writing on its side, half-buried on the forest floor. Astronomer Von Del Chamberlain wrote that the Kecksburg object was a meteorite. NASA consultant James Oberg theorized that it was a failed Russian probe, but now also thinks it was probably a meteorite. Often called the "Pennsylvania Roswell" in UFO circles, the debate raged until, in late December 2003, NASA finally released 39 pages of material and the Air Force released 2,800 pages on the case from its files. The only thing the government documents conclusively prove is that the object was not a Russian probe. But for UFO enthusiasts and researchers, many questions remain unanswered. 10-11pm -- UFO Files - New UFO Revelations: The Gray's Agenda. According to ufologists, the Grays--beings from another world--abduct humans, implant devices, and conduct reproductive experiments. The most "familiar" aliens, we see their images in every media. What do they want? Where are they from? Do alien life forms kidnap humans in order to replicate their dying race? Is our government in collusion with extraterrestrials in exchange for advanced technology? Hundreds of eyewitnesses swear they encountered aliens and dozens claim they have actual physical proof. To test their claims and sift fact from fiction, we conduct a hypnotic regression in which abductees relive shocking alien encounters, witness surgery to remove a foreign object, and sweep the night sky looking for possible alien-inhabited planets. So join us as we go in search of the Grays and their alien agenda. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, August 5, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - B-25 Bomber In 1943, a B-25 Mitchell, WWII's most versatile twin-engine bomber, crash-landed in South Carolina. It sank 150 feet to the bottom of a lake and over time was forgotten. Now, 60 years later, a local doctor is determined to raise the giant bomber intact and give it to a museum. Our team--divers, engineers, and preservationists--takes on the job of moving the 20,000-pound bomber to the surface, while faced with the challenges of working in nearly zero-visibility murky waters and the wrath of an approaching hurricane, plus fear that the plane may be breaking apart! 8-9pm -- Save Our History - Inside the B-25 Bomber In the Pacific, it flew only feet off the ground at more than 200 miles per hour, and strafed and skip-bombed Japanese ships and fixed targets. In Europe, it roared at 12,000 feet through intense German anti-aircraft fire, dropping 500-pound bombs on rail lines and bridges. The plane was the B-25 Bomber, considered the most versatile plane of WW2. Steve Thomas uncovers the story of how the B-25 played a crucial role during the war. He sees up close how several B-25s are being restored today, meets six veterans who flew them in intense combat (including the Doolittle Raid), and takes them all up in a B-25 one more time. 9-10pm -- Gestapo - The Sword Is Forged. The Nazis converted their country from a flawed democracy to a fascist dictatorship in which the rights of the individual were trampled in the interests of the state. Institutions and organizations were warped to serve this purpose, none more than the police. At first, it was the Storm Troopers of the SA, who beat, intimidated, and killed those who opposed the regime. But something more was needed than simple thuggery and the police were co-opted. The Gestapo, the Secret State Police, was the organization set up to perform this function. By reputation its network of black-clad officers spread everywhere; yet it was a small organization--at its height in 1941 there were only 8,000 officers. Program 1 shows the power struggle between the worst of Hitler's henchmen, Himmler and Heydrich on the one hand, and Göring on the other. And it introduces us to a mysterious figure, Heinrich Müller, a career policeman who became the ice-cold leader of the Gestapo. 10-11pm -- Gestapo - The Sword Unsheathed. With opposition quelled in Germany and the annexed territories of Austria and the Sudetenland, Hitler's plans could proceed. When the Nazis faked incidents at the border with Poland, it gave them the excuse to invade. And the Gestapo, the Secret State Police, was at the heart of it. The Gestapo's role changed from merely "protecting" the state from dissent to enabling its expansionist policies. As the Reich took over new territories, the Gestapo expanded its policies of seeking out enemies--dissenters, spies working for the Allies, and organized resistance. When security chief Heydrich was assassinated in Prague, the Gestapo carried out the brutal revenge. But it viewed its ultimate enemy as the Jew and death-squads, the Einsatzgruppen spent much time tracking them down and deporting them to the death camps. Hitler placed this task in the hands of the Gestapo, and the chief bureaucrat of the Holocaust, Adolf Eichmann, was Müller's special protégé. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, August 6, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Mega Disasters - Mega Blast. Tune in to see this week's episode. 8-10pm -- Mega Movers - Moving the Impossible. From the engineers of ancient Egypt to the architects of Renaissance Rome and the modern era's moving miracles--the men, methods, and machines of structural moving have pushed the limits of imagination and technology for over 5,000 years. In this 2-hour chronicle, we'll investigate the amazing feats of mega moving from primitive civilization through the Industrial Revolution into the 21st Century--including the evolution of technology that allows a 3,000-ton building to be driven down the street by remote control! From the granite blocks of Stonehenge to the awesome Vatican Obelisk and the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse, see how ambition and ingenuity have continued to defy convention, break records, and achieve the unthinkable in moving! 10-11pm -- The Revolution - 10 - The End Game. In this hour, Washington faces two mutinies in the Continental Army. Congress is broke and the army desperately needs more help from the French. In England, the opposition to the war grows as Henry Clinton and Lord Cornwallis argue over the British strategy in the South. The French are tired of supporting the war, but Franklin continues to beg for aid. The French finally send their fleet to America, under the command of Admiral DeGrasse. Cornwallis moves his army to Yorktown, Virginia, and the Allied forces close in for the last major battle of the war. Experience the drama that surrounded the founding of the United States in this 13-part series that covers the years between the Boston Tea Party in 1773 to the ratification of the Constitution in 1787. ____________________________________________________ Monday, August 7, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Oil. From the first well in Pennsylvania to the gushing Spindletop and modern supertankers, the story of oil is the story of civilization as we know it. We'll take a look at the ingenious and outrageous men who risked everything for "black gold" and unimaginable wealth. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Black Box UFO Secrets. Reveals for the first time the cockpit and control tower audio recordings of pilot and astronaut confrontations and sightings of unidentified flying objects high in our skies. From a detailed account of one of the very the first reported pilot case, the Arnold case in 1947, to recent recordings over New England and Texas, to NASA recordings and video from 2005, this special features interviews with pilots, witness and experts, including UCLA's Joseph Nagy, actor Ed Asner, and pilot/UFO researcher Don Berliner. 9-10pm -- Lost Worlds - Secret Cities of the A-Bomb. In 1939, a group of scientists--Albert Einstein among them--warned FDR of the possibility that Hitler's Germany might be close to producing an atomic bomb. Roosevelt issued an order--the US had to be the first to develop an atomic bomb and within three years they were well on their way to creating a hidden world of secret cities and classified nuclear facilities. Six decades later, we return to the once-classified sites where the course of history was decided. In top secret cities and nuclear facilities, we uncover and rebuild this lost world in three top-secret cities in isolated parts of Tennessee, New Mexico, and Washington State. This was to be the most costly and labor-intensive engineering program ever undertaken. Using classified material, eyewitness testimony, and cutting-edge graphic technology, we recreate the secret world of the Manhattan Project. 10-11pm -- Digging for the Truth - Lost Cities of the Amazon. For 500 years, explorers have been rummaging the Amazon for traces of its fabled lost cities...now host Josh Bernstein searches for the most famous of them all. Following in the footsteps of explorer Colonel Percy Heath Fawcett, Josh treks through thick overgrown regions of the Amazon rainforest on the trail of the legendary "Lost City of Z". Along the way, he braves piranha-infested rivers, hacks through virgin jungle, and comes to terms with massive regions of deforestation. Finally, he joins up with the Kuikuro tribe. This warrior people will take him to investigate the archaeological remains of a huge forgotten city. Could it be the "Lost City of Z"? They'll teach him the ancient hunting, fishing, and horticultural techniques that allowed them to flourish long before European contact...and which may be the key to the rainforest's future. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, August 8, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Gas Tech. Gas--it makes a balloon go up, cooks our food, and fills our lungs. But this invisible state of matter does far more, and has a very visible impact on the world. We follow natural gas from well tip to stove top and trace its use from 3rd century BC Chinese salt producers to modern appliances. Next, we investigate the most plentiful gas in the universe--hydrogen--which may also prove to be the most powerful. We also experience the cryogenic world of industrial gasses--what they do and where they come from--as we travel to the British Oxygen Company's Braddock Air Separation Plant to see how they freeze millions of tons of oxygen and nitrogen. And at the Bush Dome Helium Reserve in Texas, we learn why the US government sits atop 36-billion cubic feet of the stuff. Finally, we look inside the colorful world of gas and neon lights. So lay back, breathe deep, and count backwards from 10... 8-9:25pm -- Band of Brothers - Currahee. They were ordinary men, swept up in the most extraordinary conflict in history. With the eyes of the world upon them, they found their greatest source of strength in each other. From Tom Hanks and Steven Spielberg, this is the story of Easy Company--an elite team of US paratroopers whose WWII exploits are as incredible as they are true. Part 1 begins on June 4, 1944, in England, as Lts. Richard Winters (Damian Lewis) and Lewis Nixon (Ron Livingston) reflect on the past that led them to D-Day. 9:25-10:30pm -- Band of Brothers - Day of Days. Planes carrying thousands of paratroopers cross the English Channel into French airspace, where German flak causes the pilots to drop them in a less than safe and organized fashion. Lt. Winters (Damian Lewis) lands alone in a field, soon joined by John Hall (Andrew Scott), a private from another company. Executive producers Tom Hanks and Steven Spielberg bring to life renowned WWII historian Stephen Ambrose's nonfiction book about an Army rifle company that parachuted into France on D-Day. 10:30-12am -- Sink the Tirpitz - The Tirpitz was the Third Reich's ultimate weapon. Sister to the Bismarck, she was the most successful WWII German battleship and the pride of Hitler's Navy. Secretly built off the Baltic coast in 1939, the warship spent the next five years terrorizing the Allies in the Atlantic and Artic seaways, leaving entire convoys annihilated in her wake. With the odds against them, heroic Allied servicemen threw everything into sinking the warship: manned torpedoes, magnetic mines, miniature submarines, and even dive bombers. But with the latest in radar technology and anti-aircraft systems, the Tirpitz was almost impervious to these attacks. All that changed in 1944 with development of a new technology: the earthquake bomb, an Allied weapon that spelled doom for the terrorizing warship. This is the story of the epic bravery and technological wizardry that finally destroyed this war machine, a feat that took over five years and 36 attempts. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, August 9, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Jet Engines. Strap on a parachute and soar through the saga of jet propulsion, which radically transformed our world since inception in WWII--from the Nazi's first jet-powered aircraft to the US F-22 jet fighter, from the Concorde to tomorrow's scram-jet, a hypersonic transport plane that switches to rocket power outside earth's atmosphere! 8-9:20pm -- Band of Brothers - Carentan. After regrouping in the town of Angoville-au-Plain, Easy Company tries to capture the town of Carentan. Two days after D-Day, some members of Easy Company are still lost and alone in Normandy, including Pvt. Albert Blithe (Marc Warren), who finds the rest of the unit just in time to help take Carentan, which Allied armor from Utah and Omaha beaches need in order to link up. Later, the company returns to England, but celebrations are short-lived when news comes that they'll be moving out again. 9:20-10:35pm -- Band of Brothers - Replacements. Fresh replacements join Easy Company in time for a massive paradrop into German-occupied Holland. The Dutch townspeople of Eindhoven welcome them as liberators, but when Easy and a cluster of British tanks move into a nearby town, a superior German force inflicts many casualties and forces a retreat. As they move onto another assignment in Holland, Capt. Winters (Damian Lewis) laments the retreat, and Capt. Nixon (Ron Livingston) thinks that the ambitious Allied operation seems to have failed. 10:35-11:35pm -- American Eats - Cookies "She's one tough cookie." "That's the way the cookie crumbles." Whether on Santa's plate or at grandma's house, cookies are a part of American culture. What began as hardened biscuits (perfect for traveling), they grew lighter, richer, and sweeter once sugar became readily available in the Middle East in the 13th century. But when Dutch settlers brought the idea to New York, cookies became truly American, and in 1930, America made its mark in the cookie world with invention of the chocolate chip cookie. Along with the peanut butter cookie--and yes, the fortune cookie--the chocolate chip cookie is uniquely American. Whether dropped, rolled, molded, pressed, filled, or cut into shapes, cookies are ingrained in our culture and recognizable icons--from the Cookie Monster to the Keebler Elves--help sell more than $6-billion each year. In fact, cookies are consumed in 95.2% of US homes! Join us for a sweet hour as we get out our rolling pins for the history of cookies. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, August 10, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Hydraulics. The machines that helped build our world have been powered by hydraulics, a compact system of valves, hoses, and pumps that transmits forces from point to point through fluid. This basic concept of powerful force transmission through fluid provides the drive for most machines today. From the ancient Roman mastery of the aqueduct to Universal Studios, a veritable hydraulic theme park, we see how hydraulics power industry, keep planes flying, and make that 3-point-turn a U-turn. 8-9:10pm -- Band of Brothers - Crossroads. Capt. Winters (Damian Lewis) leads a contingent of Easy Company men on a risky mission over a Dutch dike that results in a "turkey shoot" of fleeing Germans, and is promoted to Battalion Executive Officer, leaving Easy Company in the hands of Lt. "Moose" Heyliger (Stephen McCole). After moving back off the line to France, Lt. Nixon (Ron Livingston) insists that Winters take a break and see Paris. But when Winters returns, news comes in of a massive German counterattack in the Ardennes Forest. 9:10-10:30pm -- Band of Brothers - Bastogne. In the dead of winter, in the forest outside of Bastogne, Belgium, Easy Company struggles to hold the line alone, while fending off frostbite and hunger. An overwhelmed Medic Eugene Roe (Shane Taylor), on edge and close to combat exhaustion, finds friendship with a Belgian nurse (Lucie Jeanne). Easy spends a miserable Christmas in the trenches, but is buoyed after hearing news that General McAuliffe met the German Army's demand for surrender with the defiant answer: "Nuts!" 10:30-11:30pm -- American Eats - Chocolate With approximately 380 known chemicals, scientists are still struggling to learn how chocolate affects our brains. We do know that it mimics the way our brains react to marijuana, amphetamines, and the drug we call "love"! How did this little pod from a little tree become a global obsession? Enjoyed as a drink by the Mayans and Aztecs, it was Europeans who added sugar. But in 1847, chocolate became edible as well as drinkable and Milton S. Hershey made it popular in the US. And during WWII, the chocolate bar became an internationally recognized American symbol. GIs used chocolate bars as barter, and the little candies known as M&Ms became a favorite. Recent studies show health benefits to chocolate, especially dark chocolate that contains some of the same antioxidant potential as red wine. So now you can have your chocolate and eat it, too! ____________________________________________________ Friday, August 11, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - More of the World's Biggest Machines. On land, in the air, or on the sea--we examine some of the biggest machines ever built, including: the Antonov AN-225, the world's biggest aircraft; the GE 90-115B jet engine; the Sikorsky CH-53E helicopter; the Union Pacific's biggest steam locomotive, the "Big Boy" 4000 and GE's AC 6000; the Discoverer Enterprise, the world's largest oil-drilling ship; the RB 293 bucket-wheel mine excavator; and the LED Viva Vision, the world's largest printing screen, which stretches 4-blocks long in Las Vegas. 8-9:25pm -- Band of Brothers - The Breaking Point. Having thwarted the Germans at Bastogne, Belgium, an exhausted Easy Company must now take the nearby town of Foy from the enemy. Several are killed and wounded in fierce shelling, compounded by the incompetence of their new commander, Lt. Dike (Peter O'Meara), about whom Winters (Damian Lewis) can do nothing. Easy takes Foy, but at an enormous cost. 9:25-10:40pm -- Band of Brothers - The Patrol. Easy Company arrives in an Alsatian town near the German border, and is ordered to send a patrol across the river to take enemy prisoners. Lt. Hank Jones (Colin Hanks), fresh from West Point and eager for combat experience, volunteers to lead, though he must convince a skeptical Winters (Damian Lewis). Also assigned to the patrol is Pvt. David Webster (Eion Bailey), back in Easy after rehabilitation of an injury. While successful, the mission costs a soldier's life. 10:40-11:40pm -- Alien Abductions - Examination of people's claims that they've been taken aboard UFOs. Features two Virginia horse breeders who claim 40 abductions, and a computer technician who says aliens snatched his baby from her crib. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, August 12, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Nuts Pintsized as a pea or big as a bowling ball, nutritional, durable, and versatile, nuts have been a staple of the human diet since time began, and archaeological evidence places them among our earliest foods. For that, the ancients worshiped them. And because they were relatively non-perishable, nuts sustained the imperial armies of Rome and China, the royal navies of England and Spain, and the native tribes that roamed the American wilderness. Today, we think of nuts as mere snacks, but in a poignant segment, we feature how a peanut product is used by organizations like UNICEF to reverse malnutrition in starving children in less than four weeks. And a powder ground from walnut shells cleans everything from ship hulls to the Space Shuttle. From ancient traditions of tree-picking and hand-gathering to today's powerful machine shakers, sophisticated irrigation techniques, and the latest bio-science, we'll provide a spread of history that's just as smooth as your peanut butter! 8-9:10pm -- Band of Brothers - Why We Fight. Easy Company finally enters Germany to surprisingly little resistance, and relaxes for the first time in months. A patrol in a nearby forest discovers an abandoned Nazi concentration camp, still filled with emaciated prisoners. The local citizenry, unbelievably disavowing knowledge of its existence, is made to clean it up. Suddenly, news arrives from Berlin--Adolf Hitler committed suicide! 9:10-10:25pm -- Band of Brothers - Points. Major Winters (Damian Lewis) leads Easy Company into the Bavarian town of Berchtesgaden--once home to top Nazi officers--and receives orders to take the abandoned Eagle's Nest, Hitler's mountaintop fortress. As German officers hand over their weapons, soldiers raid wine cellars and snap up souvenirs. But their elation is short-lived--most of the division faces redeployment to the Pacific Theater. A closing vignette tells what happened to the men of Easy Company after they returned home. 10:25-12am -- Decoding The Past - Mysteries of the Bermuda Triangle. Since the 15th century, the Bermuda Triangle has mysteriously vanished an untold number of ships, planes and lives with three more known incidents in 2004. Using today's scientific knowledge and investigative techniques, we study the riddle of the Bermuda Triangle. Through computer graphics, highly stylized recreations, and underwater cameras, we will dramatically visualize the accidents as well as investigate the possible causes and explanations. On-camera interviews with both skeptics and believers will help lay out the facts and opinions of the cases. Can the latest science available today finally lay to rest the mysteries of the Triangle? ____________________________________________________ Sunday, August 13, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Mega Disasters - Asteroid Apocalypse. Many scientists now believe that a "killer asteroid" wiped out the dinosaurs and 70% of all living things 160-million years ago. How likely is it that a similar event can occur again? In this episode, we explore the catastrophic effects of a 2-kilometer-long asteroid hitting just off the coast of Los Angeles. Using the Chicxulub asteroid impact of 160-million years ago (the one that killed off the dinosaurs), we watch--moment by moment--as the blast annihilates not just Los Angeles, but communities within 100 miles of the coast. A firestorm consumes much of southern California and tsunamis wreak havoc up and down the entire western US coast. The resultant dust cloud covers much of the Midwest, devastating crops for at least a year. Millions of people die from the direct effects of the impact, and millions suffer a famine the likes of which the world has never seen. The good news is that technology has given us the tools to--perhaps--avert such a disaster. 8-10pm -- Countdown to Ground Zero - A gripping, dramatic look, with the most recently released materials, at the extraordinary events of September 11th, 2001...not just this infamous day in history, but also how this day came to be through the dramatic stories of people whose lives converge at a moment when history turns. We'll recount the story of Al Qaeda's agents as they plan and execute the most deadly strike on the US since Pearl Harbor. It's also the story of the men and women who were attacked in the World Trade Center, and of the heroic rescuers who risked everything to save those trapped inside the doomed Twin Towers. And finally, it's also a political action thriller. It portrays FBI agents and counterterrorism experts in the months leading up to the attack as they desperately try to convince key players in both the Clinton and Bush administrations of the dangers of Al Qaeda and the possibility of a deadly attack on US soil. 10-11pm -- The Revolution - 11 - Becoming a Nation. The news of the American victory at Yorktown spreads like wildfire around the globe. Patriots celebrate and loyalists begin evacuating, as Washington awaits the next British move. Parliament's growing anti-war faction forces the king to sue for peace and agree to American independence. John Adams joins Benjamin Franklin in France to negotiate the treaty of 1783. But the new nation is broke and confused, as Washington resigns his commission and Congress disbands the standing Continental Army. The 13 American states convene a Constitutional Convention to hammer out a new form of government, and urge a reluctant Washington to become the United State's first president. ____________________________________________________ Monday, August 14, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Plumbing: The Arteries of Civilization. Each day, billions of gallons of water flow through cities into homes and back out again in a confusing mess of pipes, pumps, and fixtures. The history of plumbing is a tale crucial to our survival--supplying ourselves with fresh water and disposing of human waste. From ancient solutions to the future, we'll plumb plumbing's depths. 8-9pm -- The Miracle of Stairway B - It is perhaps the single most amazing story of 9/11--the story of how 12 firefighters, three office workers, and a Port Authority cop lived through the devastating collapse of the North Tower, survived for hours under half-a-million tons of debris and were rescued when all hope seemed lost. We reveal the chain of uncanny coincidences and bizarre events that enabled these individuals to stay alive when so many were dying all around them. We tell their interlocking stories from the time they woke on 9/11, to the moment they were finally reunited with their families. In doing so, we also tell the bigger story of the heroic efforts of the firefighters to save lives--and of the 2,700 men and women who never made it home. 9-10pm -- Lost Worlds - Hitler's Supercity. Hitler caused more death and destruction than anyone else in history. But he also planned to build on a massive scale and place a new Germany on a par with ancient Greece and Rome. Our investigators piece together a picture of how Hitler wanted Germany to look from the ruins of what was built and from plans of his architect Albert Speer. In Nuremberg, we recreate the Zeppelin Tribune: where 60,000 people could overlook a parade ground. We reveal the real purpose of the stadium Speer planned to hold the Olympic Games--with seating for 405,000 people. And we rebuild, with computer-generated images based on Speer's plans, the monuments Hitler planned for himself: the Triumphal Arch--twice the height, and four times the width of Paris's Arc de Triomphe--and the People's Hall--a structure so big the Eiffel Tower could fit inside it. Monstrous, intimidating, built on slave labor--this is the Lost World we'd now inhabit if WWII had gone differently. 10-11pm -- Digging for the Truth - City of the Gods. There was only one ancient city in the Americas that ever truly rivaled the size, scale, and power of its Old World counterparts--Teotihuacán, the City of the Gods. And today, it's the largest ghost town in the world. Still home to the world's third largest pyramid, this mysterious city was once a metropolis many times larger and more populous than the biggest Mayan and Aztecan cities ever built. Now, Josh Bernstein heads to central Mexico to check it out. He'll soar above the ancient city, explore its obsidian mines, make prehistoric tools, and try to decode its impressive murals in a quest to understand who built the City of the Gods, how it became so powerful, and, most mysterious of all, why it was abandoned. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, August 15, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Garage Gadgets. Handy around the house? You will be after this history of the household garage. From lawn care products to snow removal and outdoor cooking, the garage gadgets for do-it-yourselfers have evolved over the decades to meet the ever-changing challenges of maintaining a home. With a typical garage as our starting point, we'll explore the uncommon histories behind some common garage items such as the lawn mower, string trimmer, leaf blower, barbecue grill, and more. 8-9pm -- The Man Who Predicted 9/11 - In 2001, Rick Rescorla was the 62-year-old head of security at the Morgan Stanley Bank situated high up in the South Tower at the World Trade Center. Rescorla was convinced that Osama Bin Laden would use jet planes to try and destroy the World Trade Center. Long before September 11th, he developed an evacuation plan for the bank, hugely unpopular amongst the city whiz kids who worked there who thought he was mad. His evacuation plan however ultimately saved 3,000 of their lives. Rescorla's plan was put into effect after the first jet hit the North Tower--even though WTC managers were instructing everyone to stay in the buildings. When the second jet hit the South Tower, he averted panic and organized a rapid evacuation. Rescorla went back inside to help those injured and trapped get out. He was still inside when the building collapsed. His body was never found. 9-10pm -- Mega Disasters - Climate Catastrophe What if Earth's climate were to change dramatically in only a few years? Many experts fear that such an abrupt climate change could have devastating effects across the planet. We may have little time to prepare. In fact, it may already be too late to prevent a global disaster. It's happened before on a smaller scale, but a new sudden alteration of the environment could threaten the very survival of the human species. The "freak" weather of the last few decades--stronger hurricanes, more tornadoes, intense heat waves, to name a few--has signaled to scientists that the climate is changing rapidly and unpredictably. Events such as these were precursors to cataclysmic changes in the past. The great Mayan civilization was knocked out by drought in a few generations. The Little Ice Age battered Europe. Within a decade, freezing temperatures increased and incessant storms brought starvation, disease, and death to millions. Could this happen again? 10-11pm -- Mega Movers - Locomotives. Travel back to the golden age of railroads in this episode when a small town in the state of Washington is determined to save its cherished train depot from the wrecking ball. But time and Mother Nature have taken their toll on the aging structure. Will the old depot once again welcome tourists to the town of Morton? Meanwhile, in two Texan cities, we move two unique locomotives using two different methods--one used for more than 150 years, and another that's on the cutting edge of technology. Watch how these giant locomotives roll again for the first time in 50 years. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, August 16, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Tool Bench: Power Tools. The history of civilization could easily be measured in terms of our ability to make, use, and improve tools--an activity that is at least 4-million years old! At the tip of our toolmaking timeline are power tools. We'll examine today's power tool industry, which is booming thanks to more powerful, lighter, and quieter cordless tools. 8-10pm -- The World Trade Center - On September 11, 2001, terrorists did the unthinkable when they flew two fuel-loaded jetliners into the World Trade Center. The Twin Towers' physical height and symbolic stature made them the perfect target. They were remarkable achievements in architecture, construction, and technology. In this 2-hour profile, we look at how the WTC was constructed and talk to representatives from the Army Corps of Engineers, New York's Office of Emergency Management, FEMA, and DNA experts about the aftermath. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Concrete. Invented by the ancient Romans, concrete is a relatively simple formula that changed the world. Concrete has been used to divide an entire country, as in the Berlin Wall, and to unite nations, as in the Chunnel. We'll review the history of this building block of civilization and look at modern applications. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, August 17, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Bricks. The history of civilization has been built on the back of brick, and it's been said that "architecture itself began when two bricks were put together well." From great Egyptian temples to the Roman aqueducts, the Great Wall of China, and the dome of the Hagia Sophia, brick is one of the oldest, yet least celebrated, building materials manufactured by man. In this hard-packed episode, we explore brick's past, highlighting defining moments, such as the Great London Fire of 1666, the zenith years of brick in the New York Hudson River Valley, and brick as an essential building block in infrastructure and industry. We'll feature advancements through the ages as well as construction techniques, trends, and the future of brick construction. Essentially, brick is still just burnt clay...it has been around for thousands of years, but continues to serve as the backdrop of the modern age. 8-9pm -- Grounded on 9/11 - In response to the attacks on September 11, 2001, the FAA orders all planes out of the air. US and Canadian air traffic controllers face a calamity of epic proportions--how to safely re-route and land 6,500 planes carrying close to a million people. For individual air traffic controllers, the work is chaotic, intense, and deceptively simple: pick a new route for each flight; radio instructions to turn; listen for pilot confirmation; hold traffic to keep airways from overcrowding. From Cleveland, Ohio to Gander, Newfoundland, controllers on September 11th searched for alternate airports to land large jets even as their traumatized colleagues stream back from break rooms after watching the attacks on TV. 9-10pm -- The Miracle of Stairway B - It is perhaps the single most amazing story of 9/11--the story of how 12 firefighters, three office workers, and a Port Authority cop lived through the devastating collapse of the North Tower, survived for hours under half-a-million tons of debris and were rescued when all hope seemed lost. We reveal the chain of uncanny coincidences and bizarre events that enabled these individuals to stay alive when so many were dying all around them. We tell their interlocking stories from the time they woke on 9/11, to the moment they were finally reunited with their families. In doing so, we also tell the bigger story of the heroic efforts of the firefighters to save lives--and of the 2,700 men and women who never made it home. 10-11pm -- American Eats - Condiments. Throughout history, condiments have been versatile and delicious accompaniments that add salt and moisture or spice up the flavor of food. In the 13th century, "sauce hawkers" peddled their savory wares on Parisian streets at dinnertime. Though considered an American invention, early versions of ketchup can be traced back to European fish sauces used in the 18th century to help brine food and stop the growth of bacteria. Mustard seeds were purportedly first brought to the city of Dijon and its surrounding fields by Caesar. Mayonnaise was invented by the French chef of Duc de Richelieu, who, after beating the British in 1756, created a victory feast that included a sauce made of cream and eggs. Realizing there was no cream in the kitchen, the chef substituted olive oil--our obsession with mayonnaise was born. From soy sauce to maple syrup, today we find condiments as varied as the people who live here. ____________________________________________________ Friday, August 18, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Fire. Fire--we have learned to create and control it, but have yet to tame it? It's alive--it breathes, feeds, and grows. Fire is behind essentially every component of the modern world and has spawned entire industries. We'll feature great feats in pyrotechnology, or the intentional use and control of fire by humans--from the massive 8-story fire-breathing boilers that create steam heat for downtown Philadelphia, to the nearly 2,000 degree flames that create electricity at a biomass plant. From the massive coal-fired locomotives that powered us across the continent, to the rocket engines that took us to the moon, we'll cover what fire is, how we have learned to create and harness it, and its behavior with various fuel sources. At a match factory, we see how the seeds of fire are made and explore the significance of this seemingly simple innovation. We also take a look at the important role that fire has played in technological advances as well as warfare. 8-10pm -- Countdown to Ground Zero - A gripping, dramatic look, with the most recently released materials, at the extraordinary events of September 11th, 2001...not just this infamous day in history, but also how this day came to be through the dramatic stories of people whose lives converge at a moment when history turns. We'll recount the story of Al Qaeda's agents as they plan and execute the most deadly strike on the US since Pearl Harbor. It's also the story of the men and women who were attacked in the World Trade Center, and of the heroic rescuers who risked everything to save those trapped inside the doomed Twin Towers. And finally, it's also a political action thriller. It portrays FBI agents and counterterrorism experts in the months leading up to the attack as they desperately try to convince key players in both the Clinton and Bush administrations of the dangers of Al Qaeda and the possibility of a deadly attack on US soil. 10-11pm -- Decoding The Past - The Bible Code: Predicting Armageddon. Is there a prophetic, highly accurate code locked within the Bible that outlines past and future events? Does the Code contain hidden messages about people such as Napoleon, Einstein, and Hitler, and key world events like WWII, the Kennedy brothers' assassinations, and 9/11? More frightening are references to future events--including Earth's impending end. We take a balanced look through the eyes of Code supporters and critics and let viewers determine its accuracy in predicting the future. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, August 19, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Death Devices. The hangman, guillotine, gas chamber, firing squad, and electric chair are just a few of the ways in which societies have rid themselves of those who committed capital crimes. And throughout history, a select few have developed the devices that have carried out the mandate of the people. This is the dark story of those inventors and the macabre history of execution mechanics--from the first "stone" of antiquity, the dungeons of the Inquisition, and Nazi death camps to today's sterile injection chambers--with a peek at the future of death technology. 8-10pm -- Banned from The Bible - In a 2-hour special, we scrutinize ancient writings that didn't "make the cut" in the battle to create a Christian Bible in the new religion's first few centuries. Biblical archaeologists and scholars examine why they were left out and if others might yet be found. Beginning with the little-known Life of Adam and Eve, we also peruse the Book of Jubilees, the Book of Enoch, the Gospel of Thomas, the Protevangelium of James, the Gospel of Mary, the Gospel of Nicodemus, and the Apocalypse of Peter. 10-12am -- Roman Vice - The flowering of the Roman Empire saw incomparable power and civilization - and at the same time corruption, cruelty and depravity on an unparalleled scale. Emperors from Augustus to Tiberius and Nero built the biggest empire the world had ever seen, while presiding over a way of life riddled with violence, deviancy and excess. This special visits the archaeological sites of ancient Rome, talks to leading historians world-wide and uses stylish reconstructions to describe and explain how good and evil went side by side. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, August 20, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- The Antichrist - Zero Hour From popes and presidents to dictators, Antichrists have been identified in all periods of recorded history and in all walks of life. Even nations, movements, and technologies have been thought by some to be the agents of the Antichrist. Throughout history, people have seen their own times as the most morally bankrupt and have recognized signs of the coming of the Apocalypse. If the end is near, what will it be like? What is the Antichrist's agenda? How does he intend to take over the world and wreak destruction? Is this escapist fantasy or inescapable fate? 8-10pm -- The Exodus Decoded - The story of the Exodus invokes an epic tale--Pharaohs and Israelites, plagues and miracles, splitting of the sea and drowning of an army, and Moses. It's at the heart of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. After much research--working with archaeologists, Egyptologists, geologists, and theologians--filmmaker Simcha Jacobovici concluded that the Exodus took place hundreds of years earlier than thought. With a new timetable, Jacobovici reexamined artifacts and discovered that the traditional consensus on the date was reached without reference to Judaic texts that record the oral traditions. When Jacobovici consulted these texts, they revealed names of people and places unknown to researchers until recently when extensive excavations in the Nile Delta took place. Teaming up with special effects designers, he created a unique digital experience of the Exodus. Blending archaeological findings with eye-catching effects, Jacobovici creates a virtual museum to showcase his discoveries. 10-11pm -- The Revolution - 12 - Road to the Presidency. After leading the rebellious British colonies in America to a most unlikely victory in the War for Independence, George Washington is called into service again. But this time to lead the newly born nation he helped create as its first president. Setting out on an 8-day trip from his home at Mount Vernon, Virginia to his inauguration in New York City, Washington's journey has him not only looking forward to the future but back on the events of the American Revolution. ____________________________________________________ Monday, August 21, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Battlefield Engineering. Meet some of the most important, yet least-recognized, warriors--the battlefield engineers who lay the groundwork for oncoming conflicts. We'll cover combat engineering from ancient Rome to modern-day Iraq, and take a look at the "Next Big Thing". 8-9pm -- UFO Files - UFOs in the Bible. Journey back through time into the mysterious history of UFOs as revealed through ancient biblical texts. Through intensive reinterpretation of early religious documents, researchers believe that they have found evidence of ancient UFO activity. From Elijah's flying "chariots of fire" and Ezekiel's "wheels within wheels in the sky" to the enigmatic aerial phenomenon that lead Moses during the Exodus, we apply a modern perspective to the writings of the Bible in the context of UFOs. 9-10pm -- Lost Worlds - Jesus' Jerusalem. Tens of thousands travel yearly to Jerusalem to visit where Jesus walked, preached, suffered, was crucified, and buried. But since his death, the city has been destroyed and rebuilt more than 20 times. Our experts follow the evidence to reveal the city that Jesus would have visited. They rebuild Herod's Temple Mount--in its time the largest man-made structure. They explain the manipulation of light and stone that created the Holy Sanctuary--said to "sparkle like a snow-capped mountain in the sun." They explore the network of aqueducts, pipes, tunnels, and pools that kept this desert city from thirst and enabled it to handle an influx of pilgrims that routinely swelled its population from 30,000 to 300,000. They seek the places where Jesus performed miracles. And they map his final hours: including the real route of the "Via Dolorosa"--the path that led to his place of execution. With new research and CGI, we'll glimpse a world hidden for more than 20 centuries. 10-11pm -- Digging for the Truth - The Holy Grail. For all its fame, the Holy Grail remains shrouded in mystery. What exactly was it? Could it have survived to this day? Why has it inspired so many treasure seekers? To Christians, it is the holiest of objects, the cup from which Jesus drank at the Last Supper, also believed to be the chalice that Joseph of Arimathea used to catch Christ's blood as he died on the cross. Though now thought of as a goblet, the actual word "grail" comes to us from the Latin word gradalis---a flat dish or shallow vessel brought to the table during various courses of a meal. The story itself did not originate until medieval times, when it helped inflame the Crusaders' quest. Host and adventurer Josh Bernstein follows the Grail's trail from Holy Land to medieval French castles to a dark chapter in the Nazi saga, when Hitler financed a search for the Grail to unite a secret society of knights. On the way, Josh learns its true meaning and power. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, August 22, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - More Earthmovers. Join us for a second look at the big earth-moving machines used to tackle the most challenging jobs on, under, and off Earth! We'll ride on specialized behemoth dump trucks, delve below sea level to view dredging equipment, and leave the planet altogether to explore earthmoving equipment in space. 8-10pm -- The Egyptian Book of the Dead - It's a story that spans 4,000 years, older than the Bible...and it's all true. It was lost for thousands of years, discovered a century ago, and its true meaning recently resurrected by the miracle of computer graphics! The reason the Egyptians built the pyramids, it's the first written description of any religion--and is the likely source of the 10 Commandments! In this 2-hour special we follow the ancient scroll from creation around 1800 BC near the site of the Egyptian city of Thebes, to rediscovery (and theft!) in 1887 AD. Join us in a tale that spans from the age of papyrus to the age of silicon...and beyond. Biblical scholars agree that portions of the Old Testament are direct descendants of the Egyptian text, and some archaeologists argue that Moses must have read and carried a copy of it with him when he fled Egypt! And now, a new generation is reexamining the ancient text for wisdom that can still affect our inner lives! 10-11pm -- Strange Empires - Egypt. We all know the Egypt of the pyramids and King Tut's tomb. But there's much, much more. The daily life of ancient Egyptians was filled with magic, mystery, and sex. We'll take a closer look at the beliefs and habits of one of the world's oldest cultures. There was incest in the royal palace, divine cats, and an entire industry devoted to ushering the dead into the next world. Spells, potions, and incantations ruled every aspect of life. Yet even in these unusual customs, we'll find the human face of the ancient people of Egypt. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, August 23, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- History's Mysteries - Ship of Gold. In 1857, en route to New York from California, the steamship Central America vanished in a killer storm off North Carolina's coast, taking with her 400 passengers and nearly 21 tons of gold bullion. Here is the story of the worst US peacetime sea disaster, and how high-tech treasure hunters recovered her fortune over 130 years later. 8-9pm -- Ancient Discoveries - Warfare. Warfare was a way of life in the ancient world. The technology of war drove ancient inventors and engineers to ever-greater lengths to defeat their enemies. They were, perhaps, the greatest masterminds of the battlefield-- yet who were they, and how did they make their sophisticated lethal machines more than 2,000 years ago? Ancient warfare was every bit as technical and lethal as today's warfare. Just witness the colossal and lethal Helepolis ("city taker"), history's most sophisticated siege machine. From the sinister machines that could bring a city's wall crashing down to Greek Fire, the napalm of the ancient world--warfare was as terrible then as now. The sheer ingenuity and complexity with which these war machines were created proves that the people of the ancient world were great inventors, mathematicians, and engineers. 9-10pm -- Ancient Discoveries - Ships. Lurking beneath Lake Nemi's blue waters lay the titans of Roman naval engineering--the Nemi Ships. Titanic luxury liners of the ancient world, they held inventions lost for thousands of years. But why were they built? Were they Caligula's notorious floating pleasure palaces--rife with excess and debauchery? Flagships of a giant sea force? It took Mussolini's obsession with all things Roman to finally prise the two wrecks from the depths of Lake Nemi near Rome. Using an ancient Roman waterway, he drained the lake and rescued the ships, an accomplishment captured on film that we access to illustrate this astounding story. Sophisticated ancient technology discovered in the boats transformed the understanding of Roman engineering overnight. Yet by 1944, the adventure had turned sour and the retreating German army torched the boats. We reveal the mysteries of the Nemi Ships and the ancient technology that made them possible. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Mummy Tech. After thousands of years, Egyptian mummies are speaking from the grave. With the use of state-of-the-art computer tomography scanning, known as CT-scanning, we explore inside a 2,000-year-old mummified body of an Egyptian child. With today's technology, mummies are studied without being unwrapped. Researchers travel around inside the mummy's head and body with 3-D imagery. We meet Dr. Robert Brier, a renowned Egyptologist. Dr. Brier reveals secrets of Mummification--it took up to 70 days to preserve the dead. Aided by new technology, we investigate the death of one of the most famous mummies, King Tut. Was he murdered or did he die from an illness? We also uncover the case of the Mummy who lay in obscurity for over a hundred years, until modern science unlocked the secrets of his identity as an Egyptian pharaoh. And we join a team of conservationists as they build a nitrogen-filled glass display case to provide a safe sanctuary to prevent mummies from decay. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, August 24, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - George Washington Carver Tech. One of the 20th century's greatest scientists, George Washington Carver's influence is still felt. Rising from slavery to become one of the world's most respected and honored men, he devoted his life to understanding nature and the many uses for the simplest of plant life. His scientific research in the late 1800s produced agricultural innovations like crop rotation and composting. Part of the "chemurgist" movement that changed the rural economy, he found ingenious applications for the peanut, soybean, and sweet potato. At Tuskegee Institute, Dr. Carver invented more than 300 uses for the peanut, while convincing poor farmers to rotate cotton crops with things that would add nutrients to the soil. A visionary, Carver shared his knowledge free of charge, happy in his Tuskegee laboratory where he could use his gifts to help others. 8-10pm -- The Exodus Decoded - The story of the Exodus invokes an epic tale--Pharaohs and Israelites, plagues and miracles, splitting of the sea and drowning of an army, and Moses. It's at the heart of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. After much research--working with archaeologists, Egyptologists, geologists, and theologians--filmmaker Simcha Jacobovici concluded that the Exodus took place hundreds of years earlier than thought. With a new timetable, Jacobovici reexamined artifacts and discovered that the traditional consensus on the date was reached without reference to Judaic texts that record the oral traditions. When Jacobovici consulted these texts, they revealed names of people and places unknown to researchers until recently when extensive excavations in the Nile Delta took place. Teaming up with special effects designers, he created a unique digital experience of the Exodus. Blending archaeological findings with eye-catching effects, Jacobovici creates a virtual museum to showcase his discoveries. 10-11pm -- American Eats - BBQ Three out of four of US households own a barbecue grill. Between grills, charcoal, smokers, sauce, and spices, it's a multi-billion dollar industry. The word probably derives from barbe a queue, French for "from snout to tail". But the Spanish are thought to have brought it to North America in the form of hogs that they cooked in pits of oak and hickory coals, a method learned from Native Americans in the West Indies. The word first appeared in Virginia in the 1700s--where multiple meanings of the word were born--the method of cooking, the food, and gathering. It became a tradition in the late 1800s during cattle drives. Henry Ford invented the charcoal briquette from leftover wood scraps and sawdust from his car factory. E.G. Kingsford bought the invention and put it into commercial production. Whether a fan of North Carolina pulled pork, spicy Texas barbequed beef, or Charlie Bryant's Kansas City ribs, there's no denying that barbeque is truly cook American. ____________________________________________________ Friday, August 25, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Loading Docks. Each day ships, trains, trucks, and planes haul supplies that keep store shelves full and factories moving. At every stop there's a loading dock--an interface where shipping and storage hook up. You may not think much about a loading dock, but to the transportation industry it's the very heart of their business. From ancient times to tomorrow's lights-out facility, where computers and machines will store, sort, retrieve, and load stock without human interaction, we deliver the goods on loading docks. 8-10pm -- Rome: Engineering an Empire - For more than 500 years, Rome was the most powerful and advanced civilization the world had ever known, ruled by visionaries and tyrants whose accomplishments ranged from awe-inspiring to deplorable. One characteristic linked them all--ambition--and the thirst for power that all Roman emperors shared fueled an unprecedented mastery of engineering and labor. This documentary special chronicles the spectacular and sordid history of the Roman Empire from the rise of Julius Caesar in 55 BC to its eventual fall around 537 AD, detailing the remarkable engineering feats that set Rome apart from the rest of the ancient world. Featuring extensive state-of-the-art CGI animation, and exclusive never-before-seen footage shot on a diving expedition in the water channels underneath the Colosseum. 10-11pm -- Life and Death in Rome - Chaos. In the 3rd Century AD, the Roman Empire faced its greatest threat--as the world's superpower. A combination of plague, bloody civil war, and imperial debauchery tore the Empire apart and brought it to its knees. This is the story of how the crisis came about, and it is the tragic tale of the unknown Emperor who pulled Rome back from the brink of disaster. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, August 26, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Hoover Dam. The task was monumental: Build the world's largest dam in the middle of the desert, and tame the river that carved the Grand Canyon--all in seven years! When the Hoover Dam was completed in 1935, it was the largest dam in the world. We'll reveal how this engineering wonder of the world was conceived and built. 8-10pm -- Ottoman Empire: The War Machine - The Ottoman Empire was born in a fight for survival. Under constant attack, tribes of Muslim Turks banded together in self-defense and created an empire that endured for over 600 years. We delve into the history of this vast empire--from the 14th Century up until today. In WWI, the Ottomans sided with Germany. The Gallipoli Campaign stands out as a landmark in the history of the Great War. Nine months of bloody war in the area resulted in more than 100,000 deaths and the Allies retreated without gaining territory. A commander named Mustafa Kemal led his troops to several victories over the Allies, and in the tradition of Mehmet and Suleyman The Magnificent, Mustafa established himself in Ankara as the leader of the Turkish Republic. Kemal transformed a country in ruins and implemented westernization, modernization, solidarity, and equality. Out went the Arabic alphabet--in came the Latin. The Ottoman Empire is a mere memory--Turkey is the future. 10-11pm -- Strange Empires - Egypt. We all know the Egypt of the pyramids and King Tut's tomb. But there's much, much more. The daily life of ancient Egyptians was filled with magic, mystery, and sex. We'll take a closer look at the beliefs and habits of one of the world's oldest cultures. There was incest in the royal palace, divine cats, and an entire industry devoted to ushering the dead into the next world. Spells, potions, and incantations ruled every aspect of life. Yet even in these unusual customs, we'll find the human face of the ancient people of Egypt. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, August 27, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Mega Disasters - Mega Freeze. Could North America and parts of Europe be headed for a "big chill?" Many experts fear that an abrupt climate change could have catastrophic effects across the planet, including devastating winters in some northern regions. New research has indicated to scientists that the climate is changing rapidly and unpredictably. In different parts of the world, we could be facing drought, floods, storms and extreme cold. Cataclysmic climate changes, similar to what may happen to us, have happened in the past. The great Mayan civilization was knocked out by drought in a few generations. The Little Ice Age battered Europe. Within a decade, freezing temperatures increased and incessant storms brought starvation, disease, and death to millions. Could this happen again? We may have little time to prepare. In fact, it may already be too late to prevent a global disaster. A new sudden alteration of the environment could threaten the very survival of the human species. 8-10pm -- Violent Earth - Nature's Fury: New England's Killer Hurricane On September 21, 1938 the residents of New England and Long Island are enjoying the last day of summer. While national attention focuses on the Great Depression and the impending war in Europe, families extend summer vacations, children begin a new school year, and actress Katharine Hepburn returns to her family's summer home in Connecticut to nurse a failing career. They are completely unaware that the hurricane barreling toward them at near record speed will become one of the deadliest in US history, claiming more than 600 lives. Even the most seasoned weather forecasters won't predict the devastation this 500-mile wide monster will inflict. Unfamiliar with hurricanes, the 25-million residents of the Northeast will learn of their power firsthand in the most violent and destructive natural disaster in their history. 10-11pm -- The Revolution - 13 - A President and His Revolution. George Washington completes his 8-day trip from his home at Mount Vernon, Virginia to New York City where he is inaugurated as the first president of the newly created United States of America. The former Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army now becomes simply "Mr. President". ____________________________________________________ Monday, August 28, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- To Be Determined - To Be Announced. Programming to be announced. 8-9pm -- Violent Earth - Tsunami 2004: Waves of Death. The 2004 Tsunami, centered in the Indian Ocean, was caused by a 9.3 earthquake--the second strongest quake on record. Join us for a minute-by-minute look at nature's fury at its worst, when the tsunami kills more than 200,000 people in 14 countries. In this special, we examine the tsunami as it moves from coast to coast through the eyes of people who lived through it and scientists now studying its path of devastation. Drawing on the extraordinary volume of amateur video that recorded the disaster, we take viewers inside the world's deadliest tsunami. 9-10pm -- Lost Worlds - Churchill's Secret Bunkers. During WWII, a vast complex of secret bunkers was constructed under the streets of London. Lost to time, this world was an important refuge from the nightly onslaught of Nazi air raids, but only now can we reveal the full extent of the scheme. The existence of Churchill's Bunker is no secret, but that there was an entire subterranean city, built to keep the British government running, is only now being revealed. Very little of this covert network, which also sheltered American General Dwight Eisenhower, has ever been revealed to the public. Now this lost world is brought back to life with cutting-edge computer graphic technology--the tunnels beneath the heart of London's great buildings; the underground command center from where the Battle of Britain was coordinated; the deep level, ultra-secure chambers that could withstand the most deadly weapons in the Nazi arsenal. Beneath the sidewalk, this program exposes wartime secrets we were never meant to know. 10-11pm -- Digging for the Truth - Pompeii Secrets Revealed. In 79 AD, the volcano Vesuvius exploded in one of history's deadliest eruptions, burying the city of Pompeii and other Roman towns along the Bay of Naples beneath layers of ash and pumice. Pompeii was rediscovered in the 18th century, but only recently have archaeologists and volcanologists come to understand exactly how the eruption unfolded, and why it took the people of Pompeii almost entirely by surprise. Intrigued, host Josh Bernstein visits the Bay of Naples, and learns the entire area is built on ancient volcanic rock, some of it still steaming. He climbs the world's most active volcano--Stromboli--an island near Sicily, where "fireworks" from the mountain are a nightly entertainment. Back at Pompeii, he searches for clues that might have enlightened the Romans to the growing threat in their midst. And he literally plays with fire as he follows the story right into the heart of Vesuvius. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, August 29, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- To Be Determined - To Be Announced. Programming to be announced. 8-9pm -- Violent Earth - Katrina: 7 Days in September. August 29, 2005, Katrina came ashore. Before the hurricane, Mississippi and Louisiana sheltered 6,500 National Guardsmen in preparation for the usual disaster relief. Some had only recently returned from Iraq. This is the story of how they responded to the emerging crisis--rescuing and protecting people, supporting local police, helping evacuate thousands of people, patrolling the streets, ensuring law and order, rescuing thousands stranded in their homes, manning huge dozers to clear streets for emergency vehicles, and flying in 7,000-pound sandbags with helicopters to plug football field-sized holes in the levees. By the end of September, they'd saved more than 11,000 lives, helped approximately 70,000 people evacuate, and facilitated more than 100,000 others in Louisiana as they moved to safety. Even for a force created before the foundation of the US, this was an epic challenge. We'll hear firsthand accounts from the people who were on the frontlines of disaster relief. 9-10pm -- Mega Disasters - New York City Hurricane. What would happen if a Category 3 Hurricane were to hit New York City? With an awesomely high storm surge and intense winds attacking one of the most heavily populated and economically vital locations in the world, the potential for massive destruction is almost unprecedented. We explore the less-known but extensive history of previous northeast hurricanes--especially the "Great Hurricane" of 1938--in order to create empirical evidence that a storm of this size is not science fiction but a very real possibility in the near future. We'll also explore the scientific nature and origins of hurricanes and get an overview of some of the engineering changes that are taking place in the field of hurricane damage prevention. Using computer animation, models, and recreations the story concludes with a jaw-dropping view of what a storm like this might look like from inside the Big Apple. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters: New Orleans. One of the deadliest natural disasters experienced by US, Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans--submerging it under a torrent of floodwater. We investigate why the levees and water-pumping system failed and join a "Geological Detective" as he sifts through the rubble to uncover how 80% of the city was left underwater and discovers how the levee system was a potential disaster in the making. We also delve deep into the 80-year-old pumping system to unearth how it flooded and why it took weeks to drain the city of up to 25 feet of water. We learn the engineering cause behind the nightmare suffered by victims seeking shelter in the Superdome. And our investigators discover the design flaws on one of the major escape routes of the city. Using satellite global positioning, we find that New Orleans and the entire Louisiana wetland coastline are actually sinking. How can New Orleans stop this from ever happening again and should it be rebuilt at all? ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, August 30, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- To Be Determined - To Be Announced. Programming to be announced. 8-10pm -- Violent Earth - Nature's Fury: New England's Killer Hurricane On September 21, 1938 the residents of New England and Long Island are enjoying the last day of summer. While national attention focuses on the Great Depression and the impending war in Europe, families extend summer vacations, children begin a new school year, and actress Katharine Hepburn returns to her family's summer home in Connecticut to nurse a failing career. They are completely unaware that the hurricane barreling toward them at near record speed will become one of the deadliest in US history, claiming more than 600 lives. Even the most seasoned weather forecasters won't predict the devastation this 500-mile wide monster will inflict. Unfamiliar with hurricanes, the 25-million residents of the Northeast will learn of their power firsthand in the most violent and destructive natural disaster in their history. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Levees From collapsing floodwalls in New Orleans to high-tech mechanical storm surge barriers in Europe, we'll explore the 2,500-year history of keeping rivers and tides at bay by erecting levees. To get a lesson on how levees are built and why they fail, we'll climb atop Sacramento, California's crumbling river levees to see evidence of erosion that portends a New Orleans-level disaster. In stark contrast are the ingeniously engineered levees and dikes holding back tidal waters in the Netherlands. Their success inspired other mechanized flood barriers on both the River Thames outside London and one currently under construction near the sinking city of Venice, Italy. We'll also take a look at the hard lessons learned when levees are breached. In New Orleans, we'll see what the US Army Corps of Engineers is doing to protect the Crescent City from future hurricane seasons. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, August 31, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 8-10pm -- Violent Earth - Little Ice Age: Big Chill. Not so long ago, civilization learned that it was no match for just a few degrees drop in temperature. Scientists call it the Little Ice Age--but its impact was anything but small. From 1300 to 1850, a period of cataclysmic cold caused havoc. It froze Viking colonists in Greenland, accelerated the Black Death in Europe, decimated the Spanish Armada, and helped trigger the French Revolution. The Little Ice Age reshaped the world in ways that now seem the stuff of fantasy--New York Harbor froze and people walked from Manhattan to Staten Island, Eskimos sailed kayaks as far south as Scotland, and two feet of snow fell on New England in June and July during "the Year Without a Summer". Could another catastrophic cold snap strike in the 21st century? Leading climatologists offer the latest theories, and scholars and historians recreate the history that could be a glimpse of things to come. Face the cold, hard truth of the past--an era that may be a window to our future. 10-11pm -- American Eats - Canned Food Canned food has been in pantries for more than 200 years. But long before it was a staple on store shelves, it was used to feed armies--Napoleon's Army to be exact. In 1795, a contest was held in France to find a way to make safe, portable food for the army. A confectioner came up with the concept of preserving food in bottles. Before long, the British began preserving food in thick metal cans. In America, canning had a slow start but the 1849 Gold Rush and Civil War contributed to its popularity. A mere 50 years after its development, invention of the can opener made it more convenient. In America's post-WWII economy, rise of the suburbs meant supermarkets, and food with long shelf life became the modern convenience food. But in the 1980s and `90s, canned food suffered an image problem. Once celebrated for its freshness, it was no longer considered so. Now researchers in can technology are offering the self-heating can, self-cooling can, and re-closeable can, among others
Watch Mail Call every week if you know what's good for you, scumbag,
hosted by R. Lee Ermey of Full Metal Jacket
(movie available on video and DVD)
Previous History Channel primetime listings:
See if your favorite person, TV series or
motion picture is available on DVD:
You might also check out A&E Prime Time listings for this month
Official HistoryChannel.com Homepage
Find out more about any topic any time, including this day in history (your choice of decade), with our Best Search in History: www.HistoryChannel.com
* Congressman Gary Condit (D), who reportedly told police he'd had an affair with Levy, is no longer considered to be a suspect in the case. Condit lost his bid for re-election in the Democratic Primary of 2002.
Visit Amazon.com's Jame Bond store!
Our James Bond movies page