Saturday, April 1, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Atlantic Wall. Join us for an exploration of the Nazi construction called the Atlantic Wall--3,000 miles of shore fortifications along occupied European coastline. We'll highlight the logistics of construction, types of fortifications, weapons, and obstacles in the wall used by the Germans. We also detail the Allied D-Day invasion. 8-11pm -- Reel To Real - Windtalkers. (movie) World War II drama about Navajo Indians trained to use their native language as code to help US Marines battling the Japanese in the Pacific. Nicolas Cage plays a Marine with difficult orders: Protect the life of one of the Navajos, but kill him if he's about to be captured to protect the code. With Adam Beach, Christian Slater, and Noah Emmerich. (2002) ____________________________________________________ Sunday, April 2, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- The Wrath of God - Death in the Potomac: The Crash of Flight 90. Every winter, planes face an insidious threat--ice! A thin coating of ice on the wings, which can form in seconds, can interfere with the lift necessary for take-off. Such was the case on January 13, 1982, when Air Florida Flight 90 left Washington, DC en route to Tampa. This is the story of the harrowing crash. 8-9pm -- Secrets of the Black Box - Aloha Air Flight 243. On April 28, 1988, an Aloha Airlines Boeing 737, based at Honolulu International Airport, with 89 passengers onboard, was scheduled for a series of inter-island flights. As the airplane leveled at 24,000 feet, both pilots heard a loud "clap" or "whooshing" sound followed by a wind noise behind them. The captain observed that the cockpit entry door was missing and that there was blue sky where the first-class ceiling had been. The aircraft had suffered an explosive decompression and lost approximately 1/3 of its roof! One flight attendant was ejected from the aircraft. But, through the heroic efforts of the crew--which were captured by the plane's Black Box--the plane was skillfully guided to a safe landing back at Honolulu. Incredibly, the pilots had managed to fly the aircraft for nearly a half-hour with a full third of the aircraft's roof missing. 9-10pm -- Secrets of the Black Box - KAL Flight 007. September 1, 1983: Korean Air Lines Flight 007, a 747 jumbo jet with 269 passengers aboard, including a US Congressman, strays off-course into Soviet airspace over a secret missile installation on the Kamchatka peninsula. Soviet interceptors are scrambled and the plane is shot down--killing all aboard. World reaction is explosive. The Soviets claim that flight 007 was really a spy plane. But US representatives give a vivid presentation at the United Nations "proving" that the Russians knew flight 007 was a civilian airliner before they shot it down. Years after the shootdown of Flight 007, its "black boxes" are finally uncovered. By thoroughly examining this data, investigators are finally able to unravel the mystery of Flight 007. For the first time, we tell the true story of KAL 007--its doomed flight...and tragic consequences. 10-12am -- Dog Fights - Ever imagine what it would be like to participate in the most historic air battles of all time? Imagine no more. This special puts viewers in the cockpit to recreate four famous air battles, using computer graphics, animation, firsthand accounts, and archival footage to make these thrilling and dangerous dogfights all too real. Each segment begins with an introduction to a pilot as we learn of the conflict he is engaged in, the history and technology of the aircraft that he flies, and the mortal enemy he must face. Then comes the moment of contact with the enemy--the fight begins! Experience a computer-generated recreation of the aerial battle as the voice of the pilot plays out this life and death combat. ____________________________________________________ Monday, April 3, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Surveillance Tech. In the world of surveillance, Big Brother is not only watching, he's also listening, analyzing, recording, scanning, and tracking every aspect of our lives. And with advanced surveillance technology, there's virtually no place to hide. We'll examine some of the most important and potentially terrifying equipment the world has ever seen...or rather, not seen...in this thriving surveillance revolution. We check out parabolic microphones that pick up conversations a mile a way, cameras that learn what and who to photograph, RadarVision that "sees through walls", and Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). And we explore the mind-bending future of surveillance technology, while, of course, reviewing its surprising history. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - UFO Hunters. They look to the stars, to Earth, and within the human body. They are the UFO research elite that seeks answers to the mysteries of the UFO phenomenon. Their determination, attitude, and methodologies stand strong against ridicule and disbelief. In the end, UFO hunters exhibit scientific evidence that pushes the boundary of modern-day thinking. At annual conferences, they share findings and are often stunned by the commonality of their cases. Follow UFO hunters as they search for UFOs and investigate crash sites. Their hunts for physical evidence of UFOs and alien life forms sometimes end up as global wild goose chases, but there are other times, when what they find is just too intriguing....and might just prove that it is possible that we are not alone in the universe. 9-10pm -- Digging for the Truth - Giants of Patagonia. Many explorers throughout the centuries, including the great Ferdinand Magellan, visited the region in South America now known as Patagonia and reported sighting giants. From these accounts we get the name "Patagonia"--Land of the Big Feet. But what exactly did these explorers see? Now, some experts suggest that the giant, upright-walking ground sloth, once widespread throughout Patagonia, could have been the source of these stories. Josh Bernstein accompanies paleontologists, naturalists, and crypto-zoologists on a search to determine whether the ground sloth could have lived into the era of human habitation. He treks across the glaciers of Patagonia, descends deep in the mountain caves, accompanies a band of gauchos on horseback, and joins a modern-day paleontology dig to try to discover evidence that the ground sloth still exists today. 10-11pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Disaster of Napoleon's Fleet. The Battle of the Nile--August 1, 1798. A mighty French fleet under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte is anchored in Aboukir Bay, Egypt. Just hours before sunset, an outnumbered British fleet, commanded by the famous Admiral Horatio Nelson, discovers the French and battle ensues. In the dark of night, the French flagship, L'Orient, one of the most powerful warships in the world, suddenly explodes. She sinks quickly, taking an estimated $20 million in gold and silver to the bottom. How did the mighty battleship sink so quickly that night? And what happened to the lost fortune in gold and silver? Veteran divers John Chatterton and Richie Kohler plunge into Aboukir Bay--and discover that history's telling of the L'Orient's demise is wrong. Did Admiral Nelson "spin" the events of that day? ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, April 4, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Machine Tools. Machine tools, power-driven machines of all shapes and sizes, are used to make metal parts and have built our modern world. Life today would not be possible without them. Beginning with the story of the steam engine and traveling forward to modern-day "machining centers" that are used to make incredibly complex space shuttle parts, we'll examine the basic types of machine tools and their development. We'll also look at machine tools of the future that will change the way products are made. 8-10pm -- Countdown to Armageddon - Asteroids on a collision course with Earth, super volcanoes, global warming, killer viruses--all are potential catastrophes that threaten to wipe out life on our planet. Are these simply natural disasters that have been occurring since time immemorial? Or are these threats terrifying prophesies from the Bible that are at last coming true? Are our fears overblown? Or are the infamous Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse riding among us in a countdown to Armageddon? Major Religions compared 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Containers. They hold just about everything--Containers. We follow a day-in-the-life of a steel freight container from port to port and see how standard containers can be transported by ship, train, or truck while looking into new technology and security measures being used today. We visit a Georgia Pacific plant to see how raw materials are processed in a state-of-the-art plant. We also visit the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, an underground container used for extraordinary amounts of vital product. The containers that hold the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve are actually underground salt domes. In a visit to Bryan Mound, Texas, one of four locations housing the SPR, we learn how the caverns within the salt domes are created and how the oil contained in these caverns actually benefits from this type of storage. We also check out silos that were necessary for farmers' progress. And finally, we sip from metal cans, which revolutionized the food and beverage industry. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, April 5, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - American Steel: Built to Last. For over a century, the US steel industry was a powerful symbol of the nation's industrial might. Steel helped explode the stock market into an overnight powerhouse, and transformed a country of farmers and merchants into a nation of visionary builders. But America's domination of the market would meet new challenges in the 1970s. 8-10pm -- Comets: Prophets of Doom - Comets--these celestial travelers have forever filled us with fear and wonder. Lurking in the furthest reaches of our solar system, they come close to Earth as they orbit our Sun. Could something as destructive as comets hold the key to life? Are the building blocks of carbon-based life forms frozen inside? Might they contain information about the creation of our solar system? At the conclusion of two spectacular NASA missions that sent spaceships to rendezvous with these mysterious objects, we examine the scientific and historical record of comets, including man's reaction to them. Did a comet lead the Wise Men to Bethlehem? Did they foretell the death of kings, the destruction of civilizations? How did Halley's Comet provide Isaac Newton with the clues for his theories of gravity? Finally, what comprises this "dirty snowball" and how can we protect ourselves if headed on a collision-course with one? 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Fire. Fire--we have learned to create and control it, but have yet to tame it? It's alive--it breathes, feeds, and grows. Fire is behind essentially every component of the modern world and has spawned entire industries. We'll feature great feats in pyrotechnology, or the intentional use and control of fire by humans--from the massive 8-story fire-breathing boilers that create steam heat for downtown Philadelphia, to the nearly 2,000 degree flames that create electricity at a biomass plant. From the massive coal-fired locomotives that powered us across the continent, to the rocket engines that took us to the moon, we'll cover what fire is, how we have learned to create and harness it, and its behavior with various fuel sources. At a match factory, we see how the seeds of fire are made and explore the significance of this seemingly simple innovation. We also take a look at the important role that fire has played in technological advances as well as warfare. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, April 6, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Cranes. One of the most useful machines ever created, the crane is a simple but important combination of the pulley and the lever. Though cranes have been helping us build civilization from at least the time of the Egyptian pyramids, the modern steel-framed construction cranes are a relatively recent development. Put on your work boots as we ride through the history of cranes from ancient days to skyscraper construction sites, ocean-freighter docks, and the International Space Station. 8-9pm -- The Antichrist - Part 1. How would you recognize the most evil person on Earth? According to many historical texts, you should look for a brilliant, enigmatic public figure who transforms the world for good--for a while. Basically, the last person you'd tap as Satan's human emissary. While many believe the Antichrist has come and gone, just as many believe he will soon arrive, if he's not already in our midst. Join us for harrowing look at an evil so obscure that he answers only to Satan. Real? Our group of prophecy believers and historical experts help sort it out. We follow the emergence of the Antichrist from pre-Judaic texts, through the Book of Daniel and Revelation, into Christian writings of the Middle Ages, and other religious traditions as well. Aided by interviewees both religious and secular, comprised of eminent clergy, scholars, historians, psychologists, and culture makers, we'll examine the evil enigma from every conceivable angle. 9-10pm -- The Antichrist - Zero Hour From popes and presidents to dictators, Antichrists have been identified in all periods of recorded history and in all walks of life. Even nations, movements, and technologies have been thought by some to be the agents of the Antichrist. Throughout history, people have seen their own times as the most morally bankrupt and have recognized signs of the coming of the Apocalypse. If the end is near, what will it be like? What is the Antichrist's agenda? How does he intend to take over the world and wreak destruction? Is this escapist fantasy or inescapable fate? 10-12am -- Bible Battles - In one of the most hostile lands on the planet, an ancient people called the Israelites forged an army and carved out an empire. Their ancient military exploits are described in one of history's most famous religious texts--the Old Testament of the Bible. But by reading between the religious lines, military historians unlock the soldiers' secrets of the Bible by examining the weapons, strategies, and the commanders, some of whom are not always thought of as warriors, like Abraham, Moses, and Deborah. In this 2-hour special, we explore the biblical world from a military perspective from the time of Abraham until David's ascension to the throne. Blood often flows more freely than holy water in the days of the Old Testament, and the military secrets of the Bible have yet to be revealed...until now! Major Religions compared ____________________________________________________ Friday, April 7, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The St. Louis Arch. It is a majestic structure that rises boldly over the Mississippi River--40,000 tons of steel and concrete that create the biggest arch of its kind in the world. Nothing like it had ever been built before, nor attempted since. We'll see how its simple and elegant form results from remarkable achievements in construction and engineering. 8-11pm -- Lincoln - Was Abraham Lincoln's lifelong anguish the driving force behind his ultimate transcendence to America's most beloved President? Award-winning director Vikram Jayanti takes a look through Lincoln's eyes on his last day as Lincoln is wracked by memory, premonition, and regret. His entire life was a continuing battle to contain and overcome his depressions, suicidal urges, unsettled sexuality, tragic family life, and a history of political opportunism--a battle he fought with his powerful innate wit and charm and his developing idealism. Yet today, controversy continues to rage over his ambiguous psychology and sexuality. In this 3-hour special, we are joined by leading Lincoln biographers Gore Vidal, Jan Morris, and Harold Holzer, among others, as well as with Andrew Solomon, author of The Noonday Demon, for a fresh look. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, April 8, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- The Presidents - 1977-Present. The final hour of the series brings us to precipice of the 2005 inauguration. This is an era marked by a new world order, defined by the fall of the Berlin Wall, then shattered by the specter of global terrorism. Defining moments include Jimmy Carter's economic malaise and the Iran Hostage Crisis; the election of actor Ronald Reagan, bringing another assassination attempt, Iran-Contra, and the Strategic Defense Initiative; George H.W. Bush's Gulf War; Bill Clinton's booming economy, sex scandals, and impeachment; and the terror strikes on America on 9/11, George W. Bush's handling of the crisis, the War on Terror, doctrine of preemptive strikes, and invasion of Iraq. We also look at the contentious 2004 reelection of Bush over John Kerry. 8-10pm -- Kennedys: The Curse of Power - Traces the Kennedy clan's calamities that occurred on the rise to power--from immigration from Ireland up to John Kennedy Jr.'s tragic death in 1999. The first hour sees the loss of Joe Jr. in WWII and the assassinations of JFK and RFK. Hour two witnesses Ted's downfall and role as surrogate father to a fatherless generation. 10-12am -- The Kennedy Assassination: Beyond Conspiracy - No other murder in history has produced as much speculation as the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Forty years after he was fatally shot, more than 70 percent of polled Americans believe there was a conspiracy and that Lee Harvey Oswald did not act alone. In this 2-hour special, ABC News Anchor Peter Jennings takes a fresh look at the assassination, the evidence, the various and many theories, and an exact computer simulation of the famous Abraham Zapruder film that offers surprising results. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, April 9, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Grounded on 9/11 - In response to the attacks on September 11, 2001, the FAA orders all planes out of the air. US and Canadian air traffic controllers face a calamity of epic proportions--how to safely re-route and land 6,500 planes carrying close to a million people. For individual air traffic controllers, the work is chaotic, intense, and deceptively simple: pick a new route for each flight; radio instructions to turn; listen for pilot confirmation; hold traffic to keep airways from overcrowding. From Cleveland, Ohio to Gander, Newfoundland, controllers on September 11th searched for alternate airports to land large jets even as their traumatized colleagues stream back from break rooms after watching the attacks on TV. 8-9pm -- The Man Who Predicted 9/11 - In 2001, Rick Rescorla was the 62-year-old head of security at the Morgan Stanley Bank situated high up in the South Tower at the World Trade Center. Rescorla was convinced that Osama Bin Laden would use jet planes to try and destroy the World Trade Center. Long before September 11th, he developed an evacuation plan for the bank, hugely unpopular amongst the city whiz kids who worked there who thought he was mad. His evacuation plan however ultimately saved 3,000 of their lives. Rescorla's plan was put into effect after the first jet hit the North Tower--even though WTC managers were instructing everyone to stay in the buildings. When the second jet hit the South Tower, he averted panic and organized a rapid evacuation. Rescorla went back inside to help those injured and trapped get out. He was still inside when the building collapsed. His body was never found. 9-10pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - Antietam. On September 17, 1862, there were 23,000 casualties on both sides of this Civil War battle, making this the bloodiest day in American history. The Union victory enabled President Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation, making foreign support of the Confederacy all but impossible. 10-11pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - Massacre at Mystic. This was the first time the English settlers engaged in the slaughter of Native Americans after years of relatively peaceful coexistence. Known as the Pequot War, this massacre in Mystic, Connecticut, set the pattern of possessing Indian land throughout the country. ____________________________________________________ Monday, April 10, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Non-Lethal Weapons. They stun, debilitate, immobilize--providing police and peacekeepers with options other than shouting or shooting. From the ancient caltrop--a multi-pointed contraption hurled by foot soldiers into a horseman's path--to sting-ball grenades, electrical shock devices, and sound, light, and energy weapons, we examine non-lethal weapons that disperse crowds and take down criminals. And in a whiff of the future, we see why the government thinks stink bombs might prove useful in the war against terror. 8-9pm -- Heaven beyond the Grave - Heaven has influenced politics, decided the course of nations, become the obsession of learned scholars, and inspired countless works of art. Most of all, the promise of heaven has determined how people have lived their lives...and how they've died. Through interviews with religious scholars and leaders, we explore the concept of heaven and its rich history. We trace the evolution of the idea of an afterlife--from ancient Egypt, through Renaissance writers and artists whose work it inspired, to the uniquely American vision that traveled across the sea on the Mayflower--and explore other religious views of heaven. Our experts also tackle the difficult subject: Can only those who accept Jesus Christ be admitted to heaven? What of the virtuous of other religions? Will they be excluded because they aren't Christian? Our experts discuss this delicate question, reflecting on the idea that perhaps a heaven as we know it waits for each of us on the other side of death. Major Religions compared 9-10pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - Einstein's Letter. Albert Einstein's letter to FDR urged the development of an unthinkably powerful new weapon. The result, known as the Manhattan Project, brought government and science together to build a bomb that would change the world forever. 10-11pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - Murder at the Fair: The Assassination of President McKinley. Set against the backdrop of the 1901 World's Fair and the dawning of the new century, the assassination of President William McKinley ushered in a new Progressive Era under the presidency of Teddy Roosevelt. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, April 11, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Metal. They constitute the very essence of the modern world; the cadence of our progress sounds in the measured ring of the blacksmith's hammer. From soaring skyscrapers and sturdy bridges to jet planes and rockets, metals play a key role. Our journey begins before the Bronze Age and takes us into the shiny future when new metal structures--engineered at a molecular level to be stronger, lighter, and cheaper--shape human progress, as they have since man first thrust copper into a fire and forged a tool. 8-9pm -- Unraveling the Shroud - For centuries the Shroud of Turin has been a touchstone of faith for millions. Many believe it is the primary evidence of the way Jesus Christ died on the cross. But is it real or a clever forgery? Did Renaissance genius Leonardo da Vinci play a trick on the Roman Catholic Church? We bring you the latest theories and the most current tests, some commissioned especially for the program. Despite centuries of scrutiny from scientists, theologians, and art historians, the linen cloth with the faint image has remained a three-and-a-half by fourteen foot enigma. Like a mirror, for some it has reflected what we know; for others, what we believe. 9-10pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - When America Was Rocked. Elvis Presley's appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show on September 9, 1956, signified a whole new culture that involved teenage independence, sexuality, race relations and a new form of music. 10-11pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - Gold Rush. The discovery of gold spurred tremendous financial and physical growth throughout the West. For the first time in history, individuals--not kings or sultans--could have gold for the taking, inspiring tens of thousands of people to make the arduous journey West. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, April 12, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - ET Tech. In 2003, with Mars closer to Earth than it had been in 60,000 years, scientists launched three life-seeking planetary landers. If the long journeys prove successful, all should be hard at work on the Red Planet's surface by January 2004. NASA's Spirit and Opportunity and the European Space Agency's Beagle 2 represent the pinnacle in the history of the search for extraterrestrial life. Leading scientists, who believe life may exist beyond Earth, explain skepticism about ETs having visited Earth. 8-9pm -- Ten Commandments - Part 1. What's the real story behind history's most famous written document? Our 2-part special examines the three different--and sometimes contradictory--biblical accounts of Moses on the Mount, and then looks at each of the 10 Commandments in historical context. Adultery, perjury, murder, theft, graven images, Sabbath laws, coveting--what did they mean then? And do they mean anything today? Also examined are the other 603 commandments prescribed by Moses that took a backseat to the more famous first 10. What was in these commandments and why have they been largely forgotten? Legal, religious and historical scholars, including legal author Alan Dershowitz and Old Testament expert Daniel Smith-Christopher, reveal how the issues raised by the 10 Commandments have been viewed--and punished--throughout history. From ancient times to modern times, see how the definitions, the laws, and morality have changed within the parameters of history's most formidable "Top 10" list. 9-10pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - Scopes: The Battle over America's Soul. The sensational courtroom battle between William Jennings Bryan and Clarence Darrow over the teaching of evolution in a small Tennessee town underscored a deep schism within the American psyche -- religion versus science, church versus state, elitism versus populism. 10-11pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - The Homestead Strike. Harsh working conditions at Carnegie's Homestead steel mill led to a union strike. The battle between management and labor signaled an end to workers believing they had an ownership stake in their jobs, and widened the divide between the two sides. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, April 13, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Junkyard. It's the place where one man's trash is truly another man's treasure. Enter the strange and mysterious world of the junkyard, where many pieces actually do add up to a whole. Uncover how junkyard operators create order out of seemingly random piles of junk. 8-9pm -- Ten Commandments - Part 2. Thousands of years ago, the laws of Moses were given to the Israelites--laws that prescribed both their relationship with God and with each other. The 10 Commandments, the word of God, carved into stone--a sacred covenant between God and the Israelites. In both Exodus and Deuteronomy, it tells us that Moses brought down these commandments in the form of two tablets. It has become traditional to split the commandments between them, half on one tablet, and half on the other. The first commandments deal with God and how He should be worshipped. The second set of commandments, sometimes called the Laws of Man, provided society with the means of living with one another. We'll take a close look at these last commandments and see how they have translated into our modern legal system. 9-10pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - Freedom Summer. In 1964, national attention turned to Mississippi when three Civil Rights workers (two white and one black) were murdered by the Ku Klux Klan. This watershed moment eventually led to the passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act. 10-11pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - Shays' Rebellion: America's First Civil War. A violent protest against debt collection and taxation practices motivated George Washington to come out of retirement to help strengthen the fragile new nation. This was the spark that led to the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. ____________________________________________________ Friday, April 14, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Death Devices. The hangman, guillotine, gas chamber, firing squad, and electric chair are just a few of the ways in which societies have rid themselves of those who committed capital crimes. And throughout history, a select few have developed the devices that have carried out the mandate of the people. This is the dark story of those inventors and the macabre history of execution mechanics--from the first "stone" of antiquity, the dungeons of the Inquisition, and Nazi death camps to today's sterile injection chambers--with a peek at the future of death technology. 8-9pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - Massacre at Mystic (repeat, see description above) 9-10pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - Murder at the Fair: The Assassination of President McKinley. Set against the backdrop of the 1901 World's Fair and the dawning of the new century, the assassination of President William McKinley ushered in a new Progressive Era under the presidency of Teddy Roosevelt. 10-11pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - Gold Rush (repeat, see description April 11 above). ____________________________________________________ Saturday, April 15, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Bible Tech. Arguably the most influential book ever written, the Bible provides a glimpse into the origins of ancient technology and its use to withstand the elements, build great structures, wage war, and conserve precious water. We examine the technological plausibility of biblical structures and machines--including the Tower of Babylon, the Temple of Jerusalem, ancient bronze and iron forging, and shipbuilding skills that might have been employed to build Noah's Ark. Major Religions compared 8-9pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - Einstein's Letter. Albert Einstein's letter to FDR urged the development of an unthinkably powerful new weapon. The result, known as the Manhattan Project, brought government and science together to build a bomb that would change the world forever. 9-10pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - When America Was Rocked. Elvis Presley's appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show on September 9, 1956, signified a whole new culture that involved teenage independence, sexuality, race relations and a new form of music. 10-11pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - Freedom Summer. In 1964, national attention turned to Mississippi when three Civil Rights workers (two white and one black) were murdered by the Ku Klux Klan. This watershed moment eventually led to the passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, April 16, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Ten Commandments - Part 2 (repeat, see description April 13 above) 8-10pm -- Mega Disasters: San Francisco Earthquake - At the dawn of the 20th century, San Francisco was the place to be; a hub of trade and travel, business and banking. Located just to the east of the San Andreas Fault, the bay area is interlaced with eight major earthquake-producing faults. We examine the cataclysmic earthquake that struck on April 18, 1906--it jolted the city for 50 seconds, the earth split for 270 miles, and a resulting firestorm raged for three days. Amazing photographs document the city's destruction and efforts to rebuild. But the rush to get back in business came at a price--the city was rebuilt on the same seismic hazards. Now scientists warn that if it happens again damage and casualties will be much worse. The potential catastrophe unfolds through state-of-the-art graphics with bridges collapsing, high-rise fires, and freeways destroyed. A similar seismic jolt today would lead to a mega-disaster in San Francisco, with billions of dollars in damage and casualties in the tens of thousands. 10-11pm -- 10 Days That Unexpectedly Changed America - Antietam (repeat, see description April 9 above). ____________________________________________________ Monday, April 17, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Rubber. The story of rubber is more than tires, toys, gloves, and gum--it's imbedded in modern life, from the controversial Challenger O-rings to seals on hydrogen fuel cells. A gigantic worldwide synthetic rubber industry creates exotic elastomers for high-tech applications, while China's rapid industrialization plays havoc with the world's natural rubber supply. From the ancient Olmecs of Yucatán, who knew the secret of vulcanization, to modern processing plants, we trace rubber's history and future. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Deep Sea UFOs. Join us for a detailed examination of the little-known phenomenon of USOs, or "Unidentified Submerged Objects", an advanced type of UFO that can operate just as efficiently in water as in the atmosphere. These supposed otherworldly vessels have been reported, some believe, as far back as ancient Egypt. Others believe that USOs were reported by Alexander the Great and Christopher Columbus, and might even involve the lost city of Atlantis. Highlights include the 1967 "Shag Harbour Incident", a government-documented USO crash off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada, and a trip to the area around Laguna Cartegena in Puerto Rico, a reported hotbed of USO activity. Interviewees include the US Navy's Bruce Maccabee, UCLA's Kathryn Morgan, as well as USO and UFO experts Stanton Friedman, Bill Birnes, and Preston Dennett. 9-10pm -- Digging for the Truth - The Real Sin City: Sodom & Gomorrah. According to the Bible, the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah were destroyed by God to punish them for their wicked ways. Was this just a biblical parable, or is their evidence that such a thing actually happened? Josh Bernstein travels to the Near East to follow the clues laid out in the Bible. His search takes him to modern-day Jordan, where, nestled near the Dead Sea, two sister cities reveal archaeological evidence of a great destruction. What happened here and when? Josh will climb Mount Sodom to inspect a strange "Pillar of Salt"--just like the one the Bible claims Lot's wife became--and works with a pyrotechnic expert to reconstruct a natural-gas explosion that could have resulted in the destruction of Gomorrah. Could these be the fabled cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, and if so, can the tools of modern-day archaeology reconstruct what happened in those fateful days before these cities were laid to waste? 10-11pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Caught in a Killer Storm. The wrecks of two Coast Guard Cutters, Bedloe and Jackson, are discovered off North Carolina's Outer Banks, the notorious Graveyard of the Atlantic. The two cutters are sister ships, virtually identical, so no one, not even the living survivors, has been able to tell which wreck is which. Veteran divers and hosts John Chatterton and Richie Kohler set out to identify the wrecks, and find out how they went down, on the same day, September 14, 1944. They uncover the story of a risky rescue mission, a race to outrun a killer storm, and an epic ordeal of survival and courage. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, April 18, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 6-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Las Vegas. Two words, a thousand definitions. Mythical city that rose from the Mojave Desert's scorched earth, now vacation destination to millions, who leave behind billions of their hard-earned dollars! The place is booming like never before. It's a city with an unique present...and an even more intriguing past. And as for her future, well, ladies and gentlemen, place your bets! Join us for this 2-hour chronicle of the history of Sin City--from the Paiute Indians to the Mormons to the Mob. 8-10pm -- Mega Disasters: San Francisco Earthquake - (REPEATED FROM 8pm SUNDAY) 10-11pm -- Mega Movers - 900 Ton Building. The Matyiko brothers are a legendary Mega Mover family. Their company Expert House Movers entered the record books when they moved the historic Gem Theatre in Detroit, Schubert Theatre in Minneapolis, and the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse. In this episode the brothers battle time and the elements. In Massachusetts, the clock is ticking to move a 900-ton brick building to its new location. Any delays will cost the veteran house movers thousands of dollars. And in North Carolina, three vacation houses must make a perilous journey across eight miles of open beach to reach their new home. Will the homes arrive safely? Or, will the treacherous waters of the Outer Banks claim yet another victim? ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, April 19, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Salt Mines. It's in our blood, sweat, and tears. Join us as we dig up salt mining's history--from the "white gold" on the table to the oceanic and underground deposits whence it came. Though today we take salt for granted, most life depends on it. Roman soldiers were sometimes paid in it--hence the word salary. And many slaves died procuring it. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Demolition. While a civilization's greatness is reflected in the achievements of architects and engineers, equally impressive are spectacular acts of destruction throughout history. The cycle of construction and destruction reflects the shifting values of any given era. We'll trace the evolution of planned destruction from ancient to modern-day. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 18. We look at a 1999 tragedy, when three ironworkers plunged 200 feet when the basket in which they were working was struck by debris during construction of Milwaukee's Brewers Baseball Stadium. Next, we travel to a deadly explosion in China's Sunjiwan coal mine--antiquated equipment, minimal safety standards, and a rush to overproduce left the mines susceptible to fires, floods, and explosions. From the 1920s through the `50s, US shoe stores featured the fluoroscope. Based on an early Edison machine, the fluoroscope took x-rays to determine a customer's size--while emitting high doses of radiation. In California, we visit the Salton Sea, an unnatural body of water with no drainage that grows more salty and less hospitable to life daily. In the 1950s Soviet leaders embarked on a massive irrigation project that diverted water from the Aral Sea. Over time, the coastline receded 100 miles, killing off many species of fish and a once thriving fishing industry. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - The Oakland Bay Bridge. San Francisco's Oakland Bay Bridge stands as an incredible feat of engineering against the nearly impossible. Once chosen as one of the seven engineering wonders of the modern world, it features an unique double suspension structure in its west end. Join us as we cross this triumph of construction, while we visit its past and look to its future. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, April 20, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters #5 Examines some of the most notorious engineering failures of recent years and asks what went wrong and what we learned from them. We take viewers to the southern coast of Louisiana, where a misplaced oilrig caused an entire lake to be sucked into an underground salt mine; review the 1972 Buffalo Creek dam disaster; revisit the Exxon Valdez oil spill; see how radio and TV antenna towers collapse with alarming regularity; and look at the collision of two California icons--freeways and earthquakes! 8-9pm -- Rome: Engineering an Empire - Part 1. For more than 500 years, Rome was the most powerful and advanced civilization the world had ever known, ruled by visionaries and tyrants whose accomplishments ranged from awe-inspiring to deplorable. One characteristic linked them all--ambition--and the thirst for power that all Roman emperors shared fueled an unprecedented mastery of engineering and labor. This 2-part special chronicles the spectacular and sordid history of the Roman Empire, detailing the remarkable engineering feats that set Rome apart from the rest of the ancient world. Featuring extensive state-of-the-art CGI animation, and exclusive never-before-seen footage shot on a diving expedition in the water channels underneath the Colosseum. 9-10pm -- Decoding The Past - The Other Nostradamus. He predicted WWII, the deaths of US Presidents, and the turmoil of the 1960s. He prophesied that Israel would become a state 15 years before the event and foretold the Great Depression. Many of his visions seemed to pass unfulfilled, but are now proven accurate. His name is Edgar Cayce, and to many, he's known as the other Nostradamus. Throughout the 1930s and `40s, Cayce was a well-known American figure, reputed for his "healing abilities" as well as his prophecies. Cayce's predictions are documented in the transcriptions of his readings, which he gave until his death in 1945. Join us as we examine his life and prophecies. 10-11pm -- Declassified - The Tet Offensive. It began with a suicide attack on the US Embassy Compound, and by the time it was over there were 80,000 casualties. The United States had won the battle, an American President had been toppled, and the outcome of the Vietnam War had been decided--in favor of the North Vietnamese. The year is 1968 and this decisive military action came to be known as the Tet Offensive. Newly uncovered materials, including long-ignored CIA warnings of a sneak attack, help to reveal the story of the Vietcong surprise attack that broke the stalemate in Southeast Asia. ____________________________________________________ Friday, April 21, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Offshore Oil Drilling. Offshore oil drilling is one of mankind's greatest technological feats. From the beginning of oil discovery, the oceans' vast reserves have been the ultimate frontier. See how these superstructures, both floating and fixed, revolutionized the search for crude oil, and the environmental price we pay for their prolific production. 8-9pm -- The Unholy Battle for Rome - In September 1943, the German army marched into Rome, beginning a 9-month battle for control of the "Eternal City". It was the Allied aim to preserve the Holy City's sacred institutions and treasures. So the staggering human cost before the city's military conquest is nearly incomprehensible. The special is based on the book The Battle for Rome--its author Robert Katz was subject to five penal proceedings over the years for his contention that fear of Communism produced a Faustian pact between the Vatican and the occupying Germans. The research draws on interviews with participants inside the city, and also on previously secret documents from Italian, German, Vatican, OSS and CIA archives. We hear from ordinary Roman citizens, informants, opportunists, spies, double agents, and Germans who risked death in efforts to save Jews. We see Rome as the hotbed of assassination, intrigue, treason, and bravery that it was as we look unflinchingly at unresolved controversies. 9-11pm -- Time Machine: the Secret D-Day Photos On June 6, 1944, Allied aerial photo reconnaissance flew 25 sorties along the Normandy beaches to record hour-by-hour progress of D-Day. Recently rediscovered and included in our 2-hour special, the photographs had only been seen by a handful of people. Now, for the first time in 60 years, the images reveal history in the making. Using revolutionary computer software to bring the aerial photos alive, we fly along the D-Day beaches. Features firsthand accounts from US, UK, and German veterans. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, April 22, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 6-8pm -- Mega Disasters: San Francisco Earthquake - (Repeated from 8pm last Sunday) 8-9pm -- Days That Shook the World - The OK Corral and the St. Valentine's Day Massacre. At 3 p.m. on October 26, 1881, 30 shots rang out in 30 seconds in the obscure mining town of Tombstone, Arizona. In those short 30 seconds, the lives of three men were ended and the men who killed them--Wyatt Earp and his brothers Morgan and Virgil, along with a psychopathic dentist called Doc Holliday--would be immortalized. And the most enduring legend of Wild West folklore was born. Next, we travel to Chicago on February 14, 1929. Al Capone has ordered a reprisal hit on his bitter rival George "Bugs" Malone. The ensuing carnage cost the lives of seven men and awoke America to a new brand of unbridled lawlessness on its streets. No one was ever brought to justice for the crime. Using brand new evidence and testimonies that have never been made public before, this episode will cast new light on the most spectacular mob slaying in history. 9-10pm -- Wild West Tech - Freak Show Tech. The deformed didn't ask to be born...and sometimes, they weren't! Sure, Wild West freak shows featured plenty of people who were different through the circumstances of their birth. But many so-called "freaks" were man-made. Technology helped pull the wool over the eyes of the unsuspecting masses. Freak show operators used every trick in the trade to provide some of the most disturbing "entertainment" the West would ever see. From pickled severed heads to mummified outlaws, we look at the wild, the woolly, the weird, and the swindlers who assured that the freak shows would be unforgettable. Hosted by David Carradine. 10-11pm -- Wild West Tech - Brothel Tech. As prospectors and frontiersmen moved west, debauchery followed--and women trekked across the frontier to serve these sex-starved men. We examine the technology used by prostitutes to protect themselves from violence and disease, prevent pregnancy, and occasionally please themselves! Host Keith Carradine takes us back to the 19th century to see how condoms were made, how steam-powered vibrators operated, and how brothel architecture allowed for easy access--and escape! ____________________________________________________ Sunday, April 23, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Prince of Poker - The biggest and most important annual poker event, the World Series of Poker draws more than 500 players vying for a pot worth $1.5-million and up. With a $10,000 buy-in, the stakes are high for any player--but when you're a down-and-out writer with four kids, making it to the final table could mean a fairy-tale ending. Join us for an exhilarating, nail-biting, roller-coaster ride with amateur player Jim McManus as he battles the odds in the 2000 World Series of Poker. Sent by Harper's magazine to cover the tournament, McManus uses his writing fee to enter the satellite tournaments for a chance in the big leagues. When McManus makes it into the World Series, the competition gets tougher--to beat the 500-to-1 odds, he must defeat champion T.J. Cloutier. Will McManus snare the $1.5-million pot, or go home empty-handed and devastatingly in debt? Features interviews with McManus, poker legend Cloutier, and surprise challenger Chris "Jesus" Ferguson. 8-10pm -- Houdini: Unlocking the Mystery - In one of magic history's rarest events, a private collector auctioned off the largest collection of personally-owned Harry Houdini artifacts and memorabilia, providing an unprecedented peek behind the curtain at the world's great showman and magician. In a 2-hour special, hosted by renowned magician Lance Burton, we explore the life and magic of the great escape artist through his most prized possessions: the Chinese Water Torture Cell, the Milkcan, his straitjackets and handcuffs, and lockpicks that were "key" to his handcuff escapes, revealed to the public for the first time. We also unlock secrets of the man--brash showman, fierce competitor, loyal son and husband. With expert commentary, including a great-nephew and the last surviving member of his magic troop. 10-12am -- How William Shatner Changed the World - You've got a cell phone at one ear, an iPod at the other. You know that Blackberry is now a verb and Spam is not only canned meat. But just how did we get here? Blame William Shatner--yes, that William Shatner-- Captain Kirk. We'll boldly go where few have gone before to reveal how scientists, inspired by the series, would revolutionize medicine and are surpassing the far-out vision of the future foreshadowed in Star Trek in the 1960s. From cell phones to computers to even leading-edge medical advancements, this 2-hour special explores how those sci-fi inventions have now permeated everyday life as we know it. Hosted and narrated by Shatner and based on his book, I'm Working on That, we'll meet the brightest minds of Silicon Valley and the Trek-inspired inventions that have help change the world. Gotta go, my satallite cell-phone just chirped. ____________________________________________________ Monday, April 24, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Nordhausen. It was the world's largest underground factory--seven miles of tunnels built to manufacture Hitler's secret weapons, primarily the V-2 rocket. But Nordhausen kept more than one secret. Technology and torture went hand-in-hand--25,000 concentration camp workers died there--and some of those associated with Nordhausen later helped take America to the moon. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Out of This World. Are we alone in the universe? Is the earth on the brink of a cosmic catastrophe? Do aliens really exist? And if they do, how do they get here? Long before man landed on the moon, people have been asking these and other questions that are out of this world. Perhaps clues to some of these questions lie in understanding the behavior of asteroids, life on Mars, and secrets that our government may hold about UFOs and Roswell. 9-10pm -- Digging for the Truth - Lost Cities of the Amazon. For 500 years, explorers have been searching the Amazon for traces of its fabled lost cities...now host Josh Bernstein searches for the most famous of them all. Following in the footsteps of explorer Colonel Percy Heath Fawcett, Josh treks through thick overgrown regions of the Amazon rainforest on the trail of the legendary "Lost City of Z". Along the way, he braves piranha-infested rivers, hacks through virgin jungle, and comes to terms with massive regions of deforestation. Finally, he joins up with the Kuikuro tribe. This warrior people will take him to investigate the archaeological remains of a huge forgotten city. Could it be the "Lost City of Z"? They'll teach him the ancient hunting, fishing, and horticultural techniques that allowed them to flourish long before European contact...and which may be the key to the rainforest's future. 10-11pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Captain's Last Stand. December 1951. The S.S. Flying Enterprise, a privately-owned American cargo freighter leaves Hamburg, Germany bound for New York. In the North Atlantic, the ship encounters some of the worst storms of the century. The ship cracks and takes a permanent 60º list. All 51 persons aboard the ship are evacuated except for one, the Danish captain, Kurt Carlsen. As the world watches, Captain Carlsen stays aboard the foundering ship for 14 stormy days trying to save her, but to no avail. The Flying Enterprise sinks. Exactly how did the ship go down? What caused her to crack and list: was it just the storm or was there a problem with the loading of her cargo? What compelled the captain to stay aboard the doomed ship for two weeks? Hosts John Chatterton and Richie Kohler dive the English Channel to find out. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, April 25, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Autobahn. Imagine a superhighway designed for speed...thousands of miles of roadway unhindered by limits of any kind. Buckle up for safety as we take you for the ride of your life when we explore the fascinating history and current reality of the world's fastest freeway. The number-one works project of the Third Reich, the Autobahn was known as Adolf Hitler's Road until Germany's defeat in WWII. Reconstructed and extended to more than four times its original size, it became a symbol of the New Germany. 8-9pm -- Shootout - Iraq's Most Wanted. They're cold-blooded killers, not particularly selective about their victims--coalition troops, international journalists, Iraqi civilians--just about anyone will do. These slaughterers want political power. In the south, militant cleric Muqtada al-Sadr unleashes his militia on US Marines policing Najaf. The two forces battle hand-to-hand in a 1,000-year-old cemetery. In central Iraq, a skilled insurgent mortar team tries to disrupt national elections by targeting polling places in and around Fallujah. Marine Recon squads quietly hunt them down and kill them one-by-one. In the northern city of Mosul, Uday and Qusay Hussein, sons of Saddam, help plan and fund insurgent training and operations. US Special Forces and 101st Airborne troops surround their hardened, reinforced hideout and decimate it. For Iraq's "Most Wanted", the message is clear: surrender and you might live; resist and you'll crumble in a storm of lead. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - More Earthmovers. Join us for a second look at the big earth-moving machines used to tackle the most challenging jobs on, under, and off Earth! We'll ride on specialized behemoth dump trucks, delve below sea level to view dredging equipment, and leave the planet altogether to explore earthmoving equipment in space. 10-11pm -- Mega Movers - Oil Machines. Oil is the lifeblood of the world's economy, and it's up to the Mega Movers to make sure that this flow is uninterrupted. Off the coast of Singapore, one of the largest and most unusual ships ever built will transport an entire 22,000-ton oil rig to the Gulf of Mexico. Making the 14,000-mile trek across two oceans will test the skills of both man and machine. And in Alaska, the pressure is on to move an 80-by-60-foot pump station on the Trans-Alaskan pipeline. But an approaching winter storm threatens to stop this move cold. Will these vital oil industry components successfully reach their destinations? ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, April 26, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Casino Technology. Place your bets and join us for an exciting spin through the history of the casino. We'll go behind the neon lights, free drinks, and 24-hour gambling to see how the gaming industry has evolved from a simple house of cards to a high-tech multi-billion dollar industry. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Concrete. Invented by the ancient Romans, concrete is a relatively simple formula that changed the world. Concrete has been used to divide an entire country, as in the Berlin Wall, and to unite nations, as in the Chunnel. We'll review the history of this building block of civilization and look at modern applications. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Bricks. The history of civilization has been built on the back of brick, and it's been said that "architecture itself began when two bricks were put together well." From great Egyptian temples to the Roman aqueducts, the Great Wall of China, and the dome of the Hagia Sophia, brick is one of the oldest, yet least celebrated, building materials manufactured by man. In this hard-packed episode, we explore brick's past, highlighting defining moments, such as the Great London Fire of 1666, the zenith years of brick in the New York Hudson River Valley, and brick as an essential building block in infrastructure and industry. We'll feature advancements through the ages as well as construction techniques, trends, and the future of brick construction. Essentially, brick is still just burnt clay...it has been around for thousands of years, but continues to serve as the backdrop of the modern age. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Insulation. It keeps us warm. It keeps us cool. It protects us and makes our world more comfortable. As simple as a pane of glass, or as complex as the fuselage of a space station, it's all around us, but is almost always out of sight. We explore where insulation technology has been, where it is today, and where it's going. We'll visit the manufacturing facilities of two of the most recognizable insulating materials: fiberglass and foam; and explore how insulation has evolved. Historical highlights include how the ancient Romans and Greeks insulated their homes, as well as the natives of tropical and arctic climates. New technologies covered include insulated concrete forms and gas-filled panels. Whether at home or in the office, on a space station, or beneath the sea, insulation is essential for making our world habitable. We'll show that how we use insulation, and how we develop it, will be a major factor in how we conserve our supply of energy in the coming years. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, April 27, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Inventions of War. Arising from the horrible carnage, deprivation, and suffering caused by war is a countless array of everyday items--from hairbrushes to microwaves--that directly descend from wartime innovations. Wartime research and development have revolutionized communication, transportation, and medicine. From Spam to nuclear power to hairspray and cell phones, life as we know it ironically owes a lot to war. We'll follow the day-to-day life of an ordinary woman and see the influence of war on her life. 8-9pm -- Ancient Marvels - Part 2. Conquest, lust, murder, revenge--and the power of unrivalled technology. These are the cornerstones in the foundation of the Roman Empire. Yet Rome wasn't built in a day--but in this 2-part special we rebuild it all in just two hours! Extensive state-of-the-art CGI animation helps viewers see Rome's greatest structures the way the ancient Romans saw them. With insights from engineers, archaeologists, and historians from around the globe. 9-10pm -- Decoding The Past - Mysteries of the Bermuda Triangle, Part 1. The legend of the Bermuda Triangle is filled with strange stories of boats and planes that vanish. It's a massive area--over 500,000 square miles of rough Atlantic Ocean waters. Although not officially recognized by governments or geographers, it stretches from Florida to Puerto Rico and to Bermuda. Some theories about the disappearances venture into the paranormal, some hang on the fringe of accepted science. Many claim that the accidents can be explained by logic and reasoning. Believers in the Triangle mystery trace the origins of strange occurrences back to the time of Columbus. We examine some of the theories--UFOs, sea monsters, and piracy. One of the more creative explanations claims that the ancient lost city of Atlantis is submerged near the Bermuda Islands and that energy from crystals buried in the city alters navigation systems. We also investigate the 1945 disappearance of Flight 19, a squadron of five Navy Avenger jets. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Bathroom Tech. From tub to toilet to toothpaste, here's everything you ever wanted to know about the most used and least discussed room in the house. From the first home bathrooms in ancient India, Roman latrines, and bizarre Victorian-era bath contraptions, to modern luxurious master bathroom suites, we trace the history of bathing, showering, and oral hygiene. And we reveal the messy truth about what was used before toilet paper--brainchild of the Scott Brothers of Philadelphia--and why astronauts wear diapers. ____________________________________________________ Friday, April 28, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Las Vegas Hotels. Out of the bleakness of a vast desert arose a city built on wish fulfillment and indulgence. Unencumbered by tradition or notions of good taste, for 50 years Las Vegas has taken tourists to the height of their imaginations while reaching into their pockets. Visit 11 of the world's largest hotels in the country's biggest playground. 8-9pm -- Zero Hour - The Last Hour of Flight 11. At 08:46 on the morning of September 11, 2001, American Airlines Flight 11, a fully fueled Boeing 767, exploded into the North Tower of New York City's World Trade Center. It's the first terrorist strike on that day of infamy. On the fateful morning, Mohammed Atta and a small army of hijackers take thousands of lives. The sheer number of dead makes it easy to forget that the day's first victims were the pilots, flight attendants, and passengers aboard Flight 11. Using a real-time split-screen format, the viewer experiences these 60 critical minutes as they happen to the terrorists, flight crew, Air Traffic Control in Boston and New York, and a mother-to-be as she makes her way from her Brooklyn home to her office in the Tower. Interviews with anti-terrorism experts and victims' relatives offer new information and detailed insight into the story of Flight 11 and Mohammed Atta's mindset. 3000 Names 9-10pm -- Grounded on 9/11 - In response to the attacks on September 11, 2001, the FAA orders all planes out of the air. US and Canadian air traffic controllers face a calamity of epic proportions--how to safely re-route and land 6,500 planes carrying close to a million people. For individual air traffic controllers, the work is chaotic, intense, and deceptively simple: pick a new route for each flight; radio instructions to turn; listen for pilot confirmation; hold traffic to keep airways from overcrowding. From Cleveland, Ohio to Gander, Newfoundland, controllers on September 11th searched for alternate airports to land large jets even as their traumatized colleagues stream back from break rooms after watching the attacks on TV. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Paint. From the Impressionist canvas to the Space Shuttle...from customized hotrods to the brilliant orange hue of the Golden Gate Bridge or tiny electronic devices--paint is one of our most ubiquitous products. And paint adds more than just pigmentation. It's a crucial engineering element, protecting ships from water corrosion, stovetops from heat, and the Stealth Bomber from radar detection. In homes and businesses, it provides a balanced spectrum of light and protects surfaces from wear. In this colorful hour, we discover how this marvel of chemistry and engineering is made, and how it is applied. Come see what's beneath the surface as we reveal one of man's most ingenious methods of defeating the elements and adding spice to life! ____________________________________________________ Saturday, April 29, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters #19 We'll examine one of the most mysterious maritime tragedies, when the sturdy Edmund Fitzgerald suddenly sank on a stormy night in November 1975; and unlock the mysteries of the rudder problems behind two Boeing 737 crashes--a 1991 United flight and 1994 US Air flight. Then, we take viewers inside one of the most dangerous but least-known nuclear disasters in US history--a meltdown at a secret government facility in 1959. We also travel to an oil storage facility where nearly 4-million gallons of diesel fuel suddenly flowed out as the storage tank cracked and catastrophically unzipped from top to bottom. Finally, we take a "close look" at microscopic structures causing gigantic problems in the electronics industry--tin whiskers, as they are known by researchers, that spontaneously grow from pure tin coatings on electronic boards and microchips. 8-9pm -- Giganto: The Real King Kong - An exploration of the Giganto (King Kong) legend using modern science, technology, and historic eyewitness accounts. Gigantopithecus (the Latin term for "Giant Ape") is believed to have existed 9 to 5-million years ago and supposedly was around 10-feet tall. Some fossil evidence shows that it may have lived in China or India. Scientists of varying fields will attempt to genetically connect Giganto to modern-day creatures from around the world. Could Bigfoot be a relative? Forensic testing, extensive scientific research, 3-D animation, and body reconstruction will help determine the true mystery behind this prehistoric ape. 9-11pm -- Quest for Dragons - A spirited exploration of the history, science, and legend of the world's most notorious beast--the dragon, the best-known creature that never was. Throughout history, dragons influenced wars, science, art, and religion. They appear in almost every culture and many still believe in dragons. How could different cultures, isolated by geology and millennia, all invent the same creature? If the dragon is simply the product of our imagination, how could distant peoples, with no knowledge of each other, all invent the same beast? One of the reasons dragons are a perennial favorite is that even though they are the ultimate predator and antagonist, it's also fun to identify with them. In the end, we want to be the dragon as much as we may want to slay the dragon. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, April 30, 2006 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Relics of The Passion - Relics of the Passion of Christ are sacred objects supposedly scattered around the globe. Are they what the faithful believe them to be? We do the detective work to track down where these relics originated and where they can be found today, explain their meaning, and often question their authenticity. The Passion of Jesus Christ encompasses the violent end of a martyr, an unsolved forensic puzzle, and the start of a worldwide religious movement. In this hour, we use the Passion as a focus to begin tracking the most important relics of the Christian faith, including: the True Cross; the Crown of Thorns; the Holy Nails of the Cross; the Titulus, a small sign stating Christ's name and crime atop the Cross; the Spear of Destiny; a mysterious burial cloth called the Sudarium; an image of Jesus that appears on the Veil of Veronica; and the Holy Grail. 8-9pm -- Time Machine - Ancient Computer? Journey back in time for an eye-opening look at the amazing ancient roots of technologies we like to think of as modern. New research suggests that many of the inventions of the last 200 years may, in fact, have already been known to the ancients. In this hour, we explore the Antikythera mechanism, an ancient machine that was discovered deep in the Aegean Sea. Could it perhaps have been an ancient computer? Could Archimedes have had a hand in its creation? 9-10pm -- Ancient Discoveries - Warfare. Warfare was a way of life in the ancient world. The technology of war drove ancient inventors and engineers to ever-greater lengths to defeat their enemies. They were, perhaps, the greatest masterminds of the battlefield-- yet who were they, and how did they make their sophisticated lethal machines more than 2,000 years ago? Ancient warfare was every bit as technical and lethal as today's warfare. Just witness the colossal and lethal Helepolis ("city taker"), history's most sophisticated siege machine. From the sinister machines that could bring a city's wall crashing down to Greek Fire, the napalm of the ancient world--warfare was as terrible then as now. The sheer ingenuity and complexity with which these war machines were created proves that the people of the ancient world were great inventors, mathematicians, and engineers. 10-11pm -- Ancient Discoveries - Ships. Lurking beneath Lake Nemi's blue waters lay the titans of Roman naval engineering--the Nemi Ships. Titanic luxury liners of the ancient world, they held inventions lost for thousands of years. But why were they built? Were they Caligula's notorious floating pleasure palaces--rife with excess and debauchery? Flagships of a giant sea force? It took Mussolini's obsession with all things Roman to finally prise the two wrecks from the depths of Lake Nemi near Rome. Using an ancient Roman waterway, he drained the lake and rescued the ships, an accomplishment captured on film that we access to illustrate this astounding story. Sophisticated ancient technology discovered in the boats transformed the understanding of Roman engineering overnight. Yet by 1944, the adventure had turned sour and the retreating German army torched the boats. We reveal the mysteries of the Nemi Ships and the ancient technology that made them possible.
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