November 1, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Engines. Story of the development of engines and motors, with particular emphasis on the ones that have profoundly changed society. Beginning with the steam engine, we see how it was created, how it works, and how it led to the Industrial Revolution. We review the electric motor, internal combustion engine, jet engine, and rocket engine, and conclude with a look at futuristic engine technologies, including hydrogen-powered cars and microtechnology engines so small that they fit on the tip of a finger. 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Grim Reaper. The trek west was a dangerous one--if the elements didn't get you, disease, hostile people, starvation, and accidents of all kinds could. There were no 911 calls at the time. Hospitals were few and far between. Chances of recovering from illness or mishaps were slim or none. This episode takes a look at how settlers met their deaths. Technology, in particular, played a hand. The reaper, for example, was responsible for the passing of many. As it sped up harvesting, it increased the speed at which farm workers were maimed--or worse. Then there were trains, wild animals, and "friendly" innkeepers, who in the end, weren't so nice. 9-10pm -- Shootout - Iraq's Ambush Alley. In March of 2003, the Marine Corps plan to send two columns north across the Iraqi desert to help the Army seize Baghdad. If there's going to be trouble, it will happen when the Marines try to traverse a north/south stretch of road between two bridges in Nasiriyah. On March 23, nothing goes right. When a convoy of supply trucks takes a wrong turn, they travel north up "Ambush Alley" almost to the end before they recognize their mistake and turn around. Returning south, they've almost made it back to the Euphrates River when gunfire explodes from buildings on both sides of the road. The Marines find themselves in a heated firefight with black-robed Fedayeen fighters. Over the next several hours, they try to fight their way out, save their wounded comrades and complete their mission. 10-11pm -- Man, Moment, Machine - 25,000 Miles Non-Stop: Voyager Aircraft. In the pre-dawn darkness of December 14, 1986, a peculiar aircraft lumbers down an immense runway in the California high desert. With a wingspan larger than a 727, it weighs scarcely 2000 pounds when empty. Maverick aircraft designer Burt Rutan has designed this plane to fly nonstop around the globe. With his brother, decorated fighter pilot Dick Rutan at the controls, this is the moment of truth--the culmination of six years of work. The bizarre craft, Voyager, is like no flying machine ever built. When Voyager does get airborne, there are nine more days of perilous near-death experiences as it attempts to set the last great aviation record. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, November 2, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Extreme Trucks. Hop into the cab for the ride of your life as we examine extreme trucks, including: a jet truck that can travel 300 mph; the Baltimore Technical Assistance Response Unit's mobile command truck; a garbage truck with an articulated arm; a concrete pumper truck with telescoping boom and pumping mechanism; and a 4-wheel-drive truck that can convert from mower to street sweeper to backhoe to snow blower in mere minutes. Learn how SWAT, bomb squad, HAZMAT, and crime scene specialty trucks are built. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 15. A series of construction errors causes a devastating flood that brings Chicago to a standstill. A deadly accident traps hundreds in a smoke-filled Alpine tunnel, with no ventilation. Three boilers explode on a Mississippi riverboat resulting in thousands of deaths and earning the disaster the title of the worst in maritime history. Two buildings, halfway around the world from each other, collapse from the same type of shoddy construction methods--14 years apart. And a cockpit warning system malfunctions, causing a fiery, fatal crash before the jetliner ever takes off. We interview design and construction experts as we investigate what went wrong. And we talk with rescue personnel, eyewitnesses, and victims as we visit the tragedies' sites to see what improvements have been implemented to insure against these kinds of disasters. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Oil Fire Fighting. When a burning gusher shoots flames into the air, only a handful of men know how to snuff out the monster. Fighting fire with fire, they place explosives around the flames to blow it out, or douse it with tons of water. The modern world depends on these risk takers, yet their industry began less than 100 years ago. Join us for a scorching hour as we review the rich history of this "breed apart", and look at modern heat-resistant clothing, new technology, and regulations that protect oil firefighters. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 17. It's another chapter of complex, deadly and controversial engineering failures, using 3-D animation, forensic engineering experts, and footage of the actual disasters to understand what went wrong, and how disaster has led to improvement. In Sun Valley, California, weeks of record rain turn a crack in the middle of a street into a 200-foot long sinkhole. Months later, rain led to the Laguna Beach, California landslide, which destroyed 11 homes and caused millions in damage. On May 23, 2004, four people were killed when the roof of the new Terminal 2E at Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris collapses. Other disasters: the 1931 crash of Fokker F-10 passenger airplane with coach Knute Rockne aboard; the sinking of the coal ship Marine Electric off the coast of Virginia; and the blinding reflection of the new Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, November 3, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Runways. What do you think about when you gaze out the window as your plane takes off? Probably not about the least heralded part of our infrastructure--airport runways. But runways play a vital role as the backbone of aviation. They're where rubber meets road and land gives way to sky. Did you know that airports like JFK train falcons to keep little birds from becoming a hazard to the big, shiny birds? Join us for an engrossing look at the brawny concrete and asphalt runways that make aviation possible. 8-10pm -- Behind the Mask of Zorro - The legend of Zorro was inspired by the early California bandito, Joaquin Murrieta. A colorful and romantic desperado with Robin-Hood charisma, Murrieta defended the oppressed against intruders who stole their land and gold. For his ability to elude his pursuers, some called him "The Fox" or "El Zorro". In the heady days of the California gold rush, when Easterners making a mad dash for gold figured it was easier to steal Mexican claims than to dig their own, Murrieta was allegedly claim-jumped by intruding miners who not only stole his gold claim, but also unjustly lynched his older brother and raped his wife. He decided to seek justice for himself. As the guilty miners turned up dead, Murrieta began a reign of terror in which he stole more than $1,400,000 in gold and more than 10,000 horses. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Axes, Swords and Knives. Blade implements have been a part of civilized man's arsenal since the Paleolithic Age, when sharp tools were chipped off of flint or obsidian. But with the discovery of metallurgy, people were able to forge stronger, more versatile blade implements. We visit an axe-throwing contest in Wisconsin for an introduction to the least subtle of the blade tools. Then we visit a swordsmith and an experienced swordfighter who work in traditional methods from ancient sources, and review the history of knives. ____________________________________________________ Friday, November 4, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Bullet Trains. Traveling between 135 and 190 miles per hour with an astonishingly high safety record, bullet trains can be found throughout Europe, Japan, and on the U.S. eastern seaboard. How high-speed trains are propelled is rooted in fundamentals that haven't changed since the first electric trolleys appeared in the 19th century. We see how scientists are looking at new alternatives to electricity, including magnetic levitation that can move passenger trains 345 miles per hour and beyond! 8-10pm -- Dog Fights - Ever imagine what it would be like to participate in the most historic air battles of all time? Imagine no more. This special puts viewers in the cockpit to recreate four famous air battles, using computer graphics, animation, firsthand accounts, and archival footage to make these thrilling and dangerous dogfights all too real. Each segment begins with an introduction to a pilot as we learn of the conflict he is engaged in, the history and technology of the aircraft that he flies, and the mortal enemy he must face. Then comes the moment of contact with the enemy--the fight begins! Experience a computer-generated recreation of the aerial battle as the voice of the pilot plays out this life and death combat. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Bombs. Bombs...the most feared and powerful weapon in any nation's arsenal. What began as incendiary devices in the 7th century has evolved into weapons that can literally blow the human race off the face of the earth! From the use of diseased carcasses flung over castle walls to Greek Fire to today's smart bombs, we review the evolution of bombs. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, November 5, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Busting the Mob - Put your ear to the keyhole and listen to conversations that brought major crime figures to their knees. Former undercover agents describe planting listening devices and infiltrating and cutting through the Mob's hierarchy. In the early 1980s, one of the biggest heroin rings in the world was brought to its knees - not with violence, or murder, but with a small bundle of wires and electronic listening devices. The Pizza Connection was one of the most important and far-reaching wiretapping cases ever, and ushered in a golden age in law enforcement's fight against the mafia. In the coming years, the FBI would use wiretapping to go after all of the "Five Families" in New York by bugging the leaders' homes, their meeting places and even the cars they rode in. The evidence those wires uncovered helped the FBI take down the biggest mafia leaders in New York. 8-10:30pm -- Reel To Real - The Siege. Movie. After a special branch of the US military takes prisoner a suspected Muslim terrorist mastermind, New York City becomes the target of escalating attacks. Anthony Hubbard (Denzel Washington), the head of the FBI/NYPD Terrorism Task Force, teams up with CIA operative Elise Kraft (Annette Bening) to track the responsible organization. As bomb attacks rage, the federal government decides to send the army into the city streets, led by General Devereaux (Bruce Willis), and declares martial law. With Tony Shalhoub (1998) 10:30-11:30pm -- Reel To Real - The Day the Towers Fell. A riveting special that reveals the never-before-told stories of eyewitnesses, including amateur and professional photographers, caught in the horror of the World Trade Center tragedy. Images captured by many of the photographers are seen for the first time on television. Together, they provide startling and intensely personal firsthand accounts of that fateful day--stories of terror, hope, and survival. 3000 names ____________________________________________________ Sunday, November 6, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Shootout - D-Day: Fallujah. November 2004--Fallujah, Iraq has become a viper pit. Over the last six months, this once holy city has become the center of gravity for the Iraqi insurgency with Al Qaeda terrorists and Islamic radicals from across the Muslim world congregating here to resist the US occupation. Many have come to martyr themselves and to take as many coalition troops with them as possible. On November 8, six battalions of US soldiers and Marines storm the city to kill the insurgents. It will be the fight of their lives. With riveting and insightful commentary from the men who sweated and bled on the dusty avenues of Fallujah, this episode highlights the strategies, cutting-edge technologies, and harrowing stories of mortal combat--many told here for the first time--of the deadliest house-to-house street brawl since the battle for Hue City, Vietnam. As one Marine tells us, if Fallujah isn't hell, it's in the same zip code. 8-9pm -- Shootout - Hunt for Bin Laden. If you thought the war in Afghanistan was over, think again. Young Americans continue to fight and die as they pursue Osama bin Laden, battle with al-Qaida, and destroy the last remnants of the Taliban regime. Fighting a tenacious enemy across searing deserts and frigid mountain peaks requires strong weaponry and sound tactics. These American veterans had both. Marine Gunnery Sergeant William Bodette shows us how he fought off three enemy ambushes in one month and lived to tell the tale. Three National Guardsmen--all cops back in America's heartland--diagram their rescue of two Special Forces snipers pinned down by al-Qaida gunmen. Sergeant Jason Thompson breaks down the shootout on an Afghanistan hillside that left him seriously wounded and took the life of one of the young Marines under his command. 9-11pm -- The Crusades: Crescent & the Cross - #1. The shadow of war between Christian and Muslim hangs over us today, but it is a war that began nearly a thousand years ago. By the close of the 11th century, Jerusalem had been in Muslim hands for over 400 years. In 1095 Pope Urban II launched an unprecedented military campaign to seize it back--a "Crusade" to purge the Holy Land of "the infidel". Over 60,000 Christian warriors would journey 3000 miles and for almost three years to reclaim the Holy City in the name of God. But their adversaries, the Turkish warlords of the Middle East would resist them every step of the way. In a series of epic battles and bloody massacres, tens of thousands would die as the crusaders inched ever closer towards Jerusalem. ____________________________________________________ Monday, November 7, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Bible Tech. Arguably the most influential book ever written, the Bible provides a glimpse into the origins of ancient technology and its use to withstand the elements, build great structures, wage war, and conserve precious water. We examine the technological plausibility of biblical structures and machines--including the Tower of Babylon, the Temple of Jerusalem, ancient bronze and iron forging, and shipbuilding skills that might have been employed to build Noah's Ark. 8-9pm -- Decoding The Past - The Templar Code: Crusade of Secrecy. For nearly two centuries, the Knights Templar were the most powerful order in the Medieval world, a fearsome and unstoppable Crusader militia. Then came accusations of unspeakable crimes. Who were the Templars, really? How did they become so powerful, so fast, and why did they fall just as quickly? Evidence hints that the Templars excavated under Jerusalem's Temple of Solomon. What did they find there? Was it, as The Da Vinci Code suggests, the true identity of the holy grail--the bloodline of Christ? Or an unimaginable treasure, documented in the Dead Sea Scrolls, buried a thousand years before the birth of Christ? This hour explores where the Templars came from, how they lived, trained, fought and became a Medieval world power, and the suspicious circumstances behind their sudden downfall. Narrated by Ed Herrmann and featuring the preeminent Templar authors and scholars from Europe and America. 9-11pm -- The Crusades: Crescent & the Cross - #2. In 1099 the Crusaders took Jerusalem in the bloodiest of battles, wrenching it back from the Muslims for the first time in 400 years. But, over the decades that followed, the Islamic world dreamed of fighting back. In 1144 the Muslims seized the city of Edessa from the Christians. The news reverberated back to Europe, and the Pope called for a Second Crusade. But this Crusade was a disaster. It failed to expand the Christian empire, and strengthened the resolve of the Muslims. Under their great leader, Saladin, the Muslim swept through the Christian Kingdom taking town after town. In 1187 he took Jerusalem. This shocked the west into responding, with a Third Crusade. Led by Richard the Lionheart they defeated Saladin and marched on Jerusalem. Richard failed to take the city and the Third Crusade failed. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, November 8, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Farming Technology. The US agricultural process, from seed to shelf, is so efficient that most people don't think much about it. But food growing and processing is ever more sophisticated, employing computer-guided, ground-shaking machinery, and sometimes controversial techniques. It's an industry of declining family farms, diminishing returns, yet higher yields. We review the evolution of the tools used to produce food, show the steps in the cycle that bring food to the table, and look at the future of farming. 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Gadgets. They could be violent...wicked...or downright absurd. Whether they helped to take down outlaws, save a life, or just plain amuse, these techno gizmos revolutionized the unruly frontier. This episode looks at contraptions practical--and not--devised to tame the frontier. Objects include Wild West mouse traps, lie detectors, a metal detector (to locate bullets), an Elgin Cutlass Pistol (a Bowie/Revolver in one), kerosene headlamp, electrified brass rails, a self-containing breathing device, stream heat, a syringe, rubber condoms, a donkey engine and much more of the good, the bad and the technologically ugly. 9-10pm -- Shootout - Battle for Baghdad. For 21 days in the spring of 2003, two US Army and Marine divisions race north across the Iraqi desert from Kuwait. Their mission: seize the Iraqi capital as quickly as possible. The planners of Operation Iraqi Freedom believe that taking Baghdad in a hurry will be like "cutting off the head of the snake" and will bring a speedy end to the war. But it won't be a cakewalk. A tenacious force of guerrilla fighters throw up roadblocks. They call themselves Saddam Fedayeen--Saddam's Men of Sacrifice. The Fedayeen weapon of choice is the RPG--the rocket-propelled grenade. This nasty piece of handheld artillery can stop the Marines' thin-shelled armored personnel carrier, and it can even put a tank out of commission if it hits it in just the right spot. We'll hear from troops who found themselves on the receiving end of punishing RPG barrages and veterans who recount stories of brutal shootouts on the bloody road to Baghdad. 10-11pm -- Man, Moment, Machine - Sikorsky and the Rescue Chopper. November 29th, 1945, an oil barge is driven onto a reef in Long Island Sound during one of the most violent storms of the decade. The barge is being pounded by the fierce waves, and if they are not rescued soon, the two men stranded on it face certain death. All attempts to rescue them have failed and the situation looks hopeless. Just across the sound is Igor Sikorsky, brilliant inventor, daring aviator and pioneer of rotary flight. His dream that helicopters will one day be used in life saving, rescue operations is about to be realized. The Sikorsky R-5 helicopter is called in to pluck the men from doom. The rescue attempt is highly risky; the hurricane-like conditions could bring down the pilot and his machine. But Igor Sikorsky knows his pilot and helicopter can do the job. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, November 9, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Mackinac Bridge. Until recently, the Mackinac Bridge was the longest suspension bridge in the world. One of the top engineering marvels of the 20th century, the bridge spans the 4-mile wide straits of Mackinac, where Lakes Huron and Michigan come together. The Mighty Mac connects the pastoral northern mainland of Michigan with the state's heavily forested Upper Peninsula and stands as a testament to the dreams, determination, and hard work of a small few who created a true masterpiece of modern engineering. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Glue. It's Super! It's Krazy! And it can be found in everything from carpet to computers, books to boats, shoes to the Space Shuttle. It's even used in surgery! Without it, our material world would simply fall apart. In this episode, we'll visit the stuck-up, tacky world of glue. Glue's sticky trajectory spans human history and we'll cover it all--from Neolithic cave dwellers who used animal glue to decorate ceremonial skulls to modern everyday glues and their uses, including Elmer's glue, 3M's masking and Scotch tape, and the super glues. Remember the Krazy Glue commercial in which a man held himself suspended from a hard hat that had just been glued to a beam? Well, that 1970s vintage ad understates the power of glue. With the help of a crane, we're going to hoist a 6,000-pound pickup truck off the ground by a steel joint that's been bonded with glue! 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Paint. From the Impressionist canvas to the Space Shuttle...from customized hotrods to the brilliant orange hue of the Golden Gate Bridge or tiny electronic devices--paint is one of our most ubiquitous products. And paint adds more than just pigmentation. It's a crucial engineering element, protecting ships from water corrosion, stovetops from heat, and the Stealth Bomber from radar detection. In homes and businesses, it provides a balanced spectrum of light and protects surfaces from wear. In this colorful hour, we discover how this marvel of chemistry and engineering is made, and how it is applied. Come see what's beneath the surface as we reveal one of man's most ingenious methods of defeating the elements and adding spice to life! 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Rubber. The story of rubber is more than tires, toys, gloves, and gum--it's imbedded in modern life, from the controversial Challenger O-rings to seals on hydrogen fuel cells. A gigantic worldwide synthetic rubber industry creates exotic elastomers for high-tech applications, while China's rapid industrialization plays havoc with the world's natural rubber supply. From the ancient Olmecs of Yucatán, who knew the secret of vulcanization, to modern processing plants, we trace rubber's history and future. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, November 10, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Nature Tech: Lightning. Since time immemorial, flashes of light have startled our senses and piqued our imagination. But it's only in recent years that we've begun to unlock the secrets behind this terrifying phenomenon, as we learn in this high-tech look at how man has tried to control nature throughout history. Lightning kills nearly 100 people yearly in the United States and injures hundreds of others. Meet men and women who look for new ways of detection, prevention, and how to save lives when Mother Nature strikes! 8-9pm -- UFO Files - The Day after Roswell. Delve into the aftermath and repercussions of the 1947 Roswell incident, when many believe an alien spacecraft crashed in New Mexico. Based on The Day after Roswell by Lt. Col. Philip J. Corso and William Birnes, we explore if technologies like the laser, fiber optics, the integrated circuit, super-strong fibers, and night vision were developed with the aid of aliens. Career officer Corso claims his first alien encounter came on July 6, `47, while on late-night security rounds at Ft. Riley, Kansas, where he saw bodies of EBEs (extraterrestrial biological entities) inside shipping crates. In 1961, as Chief of Foreign Technology in the Army's department of Research and Development, his job included analyzing alien technology from Roswell, then introducing it into America's technological mainstream--thus, reverse-engineering alien artifacts. And we talk to many scientists involved at the time, who credit hard work, not alien contact, with these technological advances. 9-10pm -- The Man Who Predicted 9/11 - In 2001, Rick Rescorla was the 62-year-old head of security at the Morgan Stanley Bank situated high up in the South Tower at the World Trade Center. Rescorla was convinced that Osama Bin Laden would use jet planes to try and destroy the World Trade Center. Long before September 11th, he developed an evacuation plan for the bank, hugely unpopular amongst the city whiz kids who worked there who thought he was mad. His evacuation plan however ultimately saved 3,000 of their lives. Rescorla's plan was put into effect after the first jet hit the North Tower--even though WTC managers were instructing everyone to stay in the buildings. When the second jet hit the South Tower, he averted panic and organized a rapid evacuation. Rescorla went back inside to help those injured and trapped get out. He was still inside when the building collapsed. His body was never found. 10-11pm -- Citizen Soldiers - Right now, some 35% of the military in Iraq is made up of the National Guard and Reserves...men and women who had been "weekend warriors" and now have been called up to active duty far longer than they expected. In this special, we will weave the contemporary stories of National Guard and Reservists who are currently serving in Iraq and Afghanistan with the rich history of both branches of the military. We will travel with some of them, see up-close what their jobs are, and compare their stories with those from the past. ____________________________________________________ Friday, November 11, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Frontline Reporting. In March 2003, embedded civilian correspondents rolled along with the U.S. military convoy as it invaded Iraq. Equipped with satellite and video phones, digital cameras, and lightweight satellite uplinks, frontline reporters dispatched the news of war as it happened. Reports of war are as old as war itself; once the exclusive province of soldier-scribes like Julius Caesar, the accounts were usually written after the fact. Join us as we review the history and preview the future of frontline reporting. 8-10pm -- Mail Call - Ermey's Vietnam. For the first time since leaving on a Freedom Bird back in 1969, R. Lee Ermey travels back to Vietnam. In this two-hour special Lee visits his old stomping grounds, Da Nang, where he served 13 months as Staff Sergeant assigned to the Marine Air Support Group. Lee also pays tribute to our fighting men and women at such historic locations as Hue, Khe Sanh, Hanoi and the US Embassy in Saigon. And, of course, Lee answers viewers' questions about what it was like to fight during the long, bloody conflict. Features interviews with veterans spanning the entire history of the war--from the Commanding Officer of the first combat troops to arrive in 1965 through the last Marine to step off the Embassy roof ten years later. Hear first hand what it was like to survive an ambush, engage in urban warfare, shoot down a MiG, and spend years as a POW. 10-11pm -- Heroes Under Fire - Jungle Ambush. Vietnam, August 23, 1968: Sergeant Pat Watkins, was a member of SOG, a special unit of the Green Berets. During a classified mission in Da Nang, three Vietcong companies attack a SOG outpost; vastly outnumbered the SOG team miraculously repels the invasion, but not without the loss of 17 Special Forces soldiers, the most ever killed in a single incident. Many more might have died if not for the heroic efforts of Watkins and the others. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, November 12, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 17. It's another chapter of complex, deadly and controversial engineering failures, using 3-D animation, forensic engineering experts, and footage of the actual disasters to understand what went wrong, and how disaster has led to improvement. In Sun Valley, California, weeks of record rain turn a crack in the middle of a street into a 200-foot long sinkhole. Months later, rain led to the Laguna Beach, California landslide, which destroyed 11 homes and caused millions in damage. On May 23, 2004, four people were killed when the roof of the new Terminal 2E at Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris collapses. Other disasters: the 1931 crash of Fokker F-10 passenger airplane with coach Knute Rockne aboard; the sinking of the coal ship Marine Electric off the coast of Virginia; and the blinding reflection of the new Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles. 8-10pm -- The Crusades: Crescent & the Cross - #1. The shadow of war between Christian and Muslim hangs over us today, but it is a war that began nearly a thousand years ago. By the close of the 11th century, Jerusalem had been in Muslim hands for over 400 years. In 1095 Pope Urban II launched an unprecedented military campaign to seize it back--a "Crusade" to purge the Holy Land of "the infidel". Over 60,000 Christian warriors would journey 3000 miles and for almost three years to reclaim the Holy City in the name of God. But their adversaries, the Turkish warlords of the Middle East would resist them every step of the way. In a series of epic battles and bloody massacres, tens of thousands would die as the crusaders inched ever closer towards Jerusalem. 10-12am -- The Crusades: Crescent & the Cross - #2. In 1099 the Crusaders took Jerusalem in the bloodiest of battles, wrenching it back from the Muslims for the first time in 400 years. But, over the decades that followed, the Islamic world dreamed of fighting back. In 1144 the Muslims seized the city of Edessa from the Christians. The news reverberated back to Europe, and the Pope called for a Second Crusade. But this Crusade was a disaster. It failed to expand the Christian empire, and strengthened the resolve of the Muslims. Under their great leader, Saladin, the Muslim swept through the Christian Kingdom taking town after town. In 1187 he took Jerusalem. This shocked the west into responding, with a Third Crusade. Led by Richard the Lionheart they defeated Saladin and marched on Jerusalem. Richard failed to take the city and the Third Crusade failed. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, November 13, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Hitler and the Occult - Did Hitler's obsession with astrology, numerology, ancient runes, and German mythology enable his early brash moves and ultimately spell the Third Reich's doom? 8-10pm -- Saddam and the Third Reich - Few people realize that the Baath party was actually formed upon the principles and organizational structure of the Nazi party. Iraq, because of its oil and hatred of Jews, was an important battleground between the Axis and Allied powers in World War II. Nazi propaganda was broadcast throughout Baghdad, and Iraqis often went on rampages against Jews throughout the war. One of the most ardent Nazi supporters during WWII was named Khairallah Talfah. Talfah was Saddam's uncle. After the war, many of the key Iraqi Nazi supporters, all of whom evaded prosecution, wound up involved in Saddam's rise to power. This special examines the key individuals of the Iraqi-Nazi connection, the little-known battle for Iraq in WWII, and the strange link to Saddam Hussein. 10-11:25pm -- Band of Brothers - Currahee. They were ordinary men, swept up in the most extraordinary conflict in history. With the eyes of the world upon them, they found their greatest source of strength in each other. From Tom Hanks and Steven Spielberg, this is the story of Easy Company--an elite team of US paratroopers whose WWII exploits are as incredible as they are true. Part 1 begins on June 4, 1944, in England, as Lts. Richard Winters (Damian Lewis) and Lewis Nixon (Ron Livingston) reflect on the past that led them to D-Day. ____________________________________________________ Monday, November 14, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Battlefield Engineering. Meet some of the most important, yet least-recognized, warriors--the battlefield engineers who lay the groundwork for oncoming conflicts. We'll cover combat engineering from ancient Rome to modern-day Iraq, and take a look at the "Next Big Thing". 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Real UFO's. Ever since the military started using sophisticated airplanes, they have sought ways to build an aircraft that can fly undetected, maneuver like a helicopter and fly like a jet. The Nazis were the first to pursue the idea of building a disc-shaped aircraft. After the war, the Americans, Canadians and Russians all were able to build aircraft similar to the German prototype, perhaps based on the concepts smuggled out by German engineers. This episode looks at top secret flying saucer designs of the Air Force, with specific dates, times and locales of flights that may point to the real explanation behind the many UFO sightings beginning in 1947, and why the saucer design was abandoned for stealth technology. 9-10pm -- Decoding The Past - The Templar Code: The Quest for Templar Treasure. They were called The Militia of Christ; God's special forces. But the Medieval Knights Templar were also brilliant capitalists, traders, and bankers--creating a hierchy still followed by today's multi-national super-powers. Then, in 1307, their leaders were accused of high crimes; arrested; imprisoned; burned. But the order's ships, gold and records all disappeared. What happened to the surviving Templars and the Templar treasure--both sacred and earthly--they were said to possess? Did they, as some say, hide gold in Nova Scotia, conceal secrets at Scotland's Rosslyn Chapel or even use their riches to establish the Swiss banking system? This episode reveals why these warriors, dead for seven centuries, and their treasure still populate hollywood blockbusters like National Treasure and The Da Vinci Code. Ed Herrmann narrates. 10-11pm -- Battlefield Detectives - Battle of the Bulge. In 1944 the Ardennes region of Belgium is the frontier between Nazi Germany and the Allies. After six months of hard but successful fighting, Allied troops have taken up winter quarters ready for the expected invasion of Germany in spring 1945. Then on December 16th a quarter of a million German troops launch a shattering offensive through the Ardennes. Allied troops are taken completely off guard. They had thought the war was almost over. Now they are engulfed in a great land battle. At first, Hitler's Ardennes Offensive is successful, but nearly two months of fighting left the German Army in ruins. Scientists and historians investigate why did the battle of the Bulge ended in total defeat for Germany. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, November 15, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Strategic Air Command. With the ironic motto "Peace is our Profession", the Strategic Air Command was in charge of US nuclear forces from 1946 to 1992. SAC was the ultimate Cold War military machine, at its height controlling thousands of nuclear weapons, planes, and missiles, and boasting over a quarter-million personnel. We travel to the Strategic Air and Space Museum, located 20 miles from SAC's old headquarters in Nebraska, and walk through the cavernous bomb bay of SAC's workhorse, the B-52 Bomber. 8-8:30pm -- Mail Call - NORAD: #67. Host R. Lee Ermey hits the road to give us an inside look at one of the most secure and super-secret facilities in the world--NORAD. Lee gets through tight security to enter Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center, America's eye in the sky where everything that flies is monitored 24/7. During a tour of the Battle Management Center, an incident of concern puts the center on alert and we see how NORAD operates under pressure. We also tour the Missile Command Center and find out what keeps the 800 military personnel inside on their toes. And Brigadier General Jim Hunter unlocks the door for Lee to the most secret part of Cheyenne Mountain--the Command Center, or what a lot of people call the War Room. We see how the men and women who work here monitor planes, missiles, and even space junk to make sure North America stays safe. The General and Lee talk about how NORAD's mission has changed since September 11th and we get a sneak peak at the new command center. 8:30-9pm -- Mail Call - Afghanistan: #68. R. Lee Ermey returns to Afghanistan for a special hour from Bagram Air Base devoted to the hard-charging Marines stationed there. After an historical overview of the role of the Marine Corps in Afghanistan, the Gunny goes on foot patrol into the rural villages surrounding Kabul. With his armed Marine Corps escorts, the Gunny shows what it's like to gather intelligence and promote goodwill among the Afghanis. Next, Lee goes for a ride in the Ch-53 Super Stallion, gets a little trigger time on a helicopter gunship--the Cobra attack helicopter, and test drives the Marine Corps' newest heavy duty truck, the MTVR. Finally, Lee spends time with the lifeline for the Marines in Afghanistan, the Medical Corpsman, and finds out how they treat injuries on base and on the battlefield. 8-8:30pm -- Mail Call - 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division: #49. Mail Call devotes an entire show to the gear and guys of "Easy Company"--the men depicted in Band of Brothers. Shot in a "You Are There" style, R. Lee Ermey hosts in a vintage jumpsuit, supported by a team of paratrooper reenactors using and demonstrating the real gear, weapons, and medical evac used during the Invasion of Normandy and through to the end of WWII. 8:30-9pm -- Mail Call - Submarine: #50. R. Lee Ermey goes "underway" with the Navy's Pacific Fleet onboard the nuclear attack submarine USS Salt Lake City. He demonstrates diving, steering, and sonar--submarine basics; gets his hands on the torpedoes and Tomahawk missiles that put the "attack" in a nuclear submarine; and gets as close as he can to the heart of a nuclear sub--its reactor. At program's end, Lee breaks bread with the crew, after learning that the USS Salt Lake City just won the Navy's award for Best Chow on any submarine. 9-10pm -- Shootout - North Hollywood Shootout. This is the story of the fiercest gun battle in US police history. On February 28, 1997, a high-stakes bank robbery went awry and devolved into an urban firefight that became one of the most violent shootouts in law enforcement history. With TV cameras capturing the action from above, two paramilitary-style gunmen take over a bank using terrorist technology. Donning full body armor and automatic weapons, they charge out of a Bank of America branch in North Hollywood, California, and with brutal and brazen disregard, they fire armor-piercing ammo at police and citizens, turning a congested residential area into a combat zone that ends with deaths and numerous injuries. Police on the scene that day recount their ordeal that very dangerous day. 10-11pm -- Man, Moment, Machine - Hunting Bonnie & Clyde. In the height of the Great Depression, legendary gangsters Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker killed 14 people in a 2-year crime spree. Their killing ground--the Midwest; their weapon of choice, the lethal Browning Automatic Rifle. Clyde becomes known for his uncanny ability to escape and his ruthless use of extreme firepower. Clyde uses his BARs for robberies and to pull off a jailbreak at the state prison where he has spent time. The highly publicized jailbreak draws out a top manhunter--Texas Ranger Frank Hamer, who sets a trap for the gangsters on a lonely country road...with Browning Automatic Rifles. Bonnie and Clyde, inside their Ford V-8 with their BARs in the backseat, don't have a chance on that day in 1934. They meet their demise at the wrong end of dozens of 30.06 caliber armor-piercing rounds fired from Browning Automatic Rifles; Clyde takes 25 hits and Bonnie another 28 rounds. Fate's fusion of man, moment, and machine. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, November 16, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Saloons. From a ladle and tin cup in an 1850s mining camp and Civil War tent saloons to Prohibition-era speakeasies, we investigate the history of the American saloon, and go behind-the-scenes at Billy Bob's, a 3-acre Texan saloon, and a Los Angeles sports bar with a computerized liquor-dispensing system. We see what it took to create the elaborate carved bars, the purpose of the brass foot-rail, the impact of refrigerated railroad cars on beer supply, and the transformational power of the bottle cap. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Coffee. Traces the origins of this tasty drink from Ethiopia over 1,000 years ago to the espresso-fueled explosion of specialty coffee stores like Starbucks today. Along the way, we'll see how American companies like Hills Brothers, Maxwell House, Folgers, and MJB grew to be giants. Discover how billions of coffee beans make their journey from coffee farms and plantations, and are processed in gigantic roasting and packaging plants before showing up in coffee cups all over the world. Details the invention and production of instant coffee, decaffeinated coffee, freeze-dried coffee, and the espresso machine. Also, we explain how coffee made shift work in factories possible, while coffeehouses provided a creative cauldron that brewed political and artistic progress in the 18th and 19th centuries. And, we also provide tips on how to make a better cup at home! 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Distilleries. From water and grain...to mash...still...vat...barrel and bottle--the distilling of alcoholic spirits is a big business and near-sacred religion. Its acolytes eye the color, swirl the glass, inhale the bouquet, sip, then ponder their ambrosia. What's your pleasure? Bourbon, Scotch, Rum, Gin, Vodka, or Tequila? We trace the history of distilling from the one-man/one-still tradition to the Voldstead Act of 1920 that devastated American distilleries to the mega-sales and high-volume distillery of today. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Brewing. It's one of the world's oldest and most beloved beverages--revered by Pharaohs and brewed by America's Founding Fathers. Today, brewing the bitter elixir is a multi-billion-dollar global industry. Join us for an invigorating look at brewing's history from prehistoric times to today's cutting-edge craft breweries, focusing on its gradually evolving technologies and breakthroughs. We'll find the earliest known traces of brewing, which sprang up independently in such far-flung places as ancient Sumeria, China, and Finland; examine the surprising importance that beer held in the daily and ceremonial life of ancient Egypt; and at Delaware's Dogfish Head Craft Brewery, an adventurous anthropologist and a cutting-edge brewer show us the beer they've concocted based on 2,700-year-old DNA found in drinking vessels from the funerary of the legendary King Midas. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, November 17, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- History's Mysteries - Ship of Gold. In 1857, en route to New York from California, the steamship Central America vanished in a killer storm off North Carolina's coast, taking with her 400 passengers and nearly 21 tons of gold bullion. Here is the story of the worst US peacetime sea disaster, and how high-tech treasure hunters recovered her fortune over 130 years later. 8-10pm -- Alaska: Big America - Alaska--a land of extremes. Its size is staggering--nearly 600,000 square miles, or more than twice the size of Texas. Its vast distances, extreme weather, imposing landscape--all helped shape its history and the lives of those who come under its spell. Our 2-hour special heads to far-flung corners of the 49th State to hear compelling stories of life in the bush--from Russian expeditions in the 1700s to building of the Alcan Highway to the WWII Battle for the Aleutian Islands and 1959 statehood. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Icebreakers. They are the toughest ships in the water, plowing headlong into one of nature's hardest obstacles. Modern icebreakers can smash through 10-foot thick ice sheets without stopping, allowing scientists and commercial shipping access to some of Earth's most inhospitable spots. Join our blustery journey as we patrol the Great Lakes on the USCG Cutter Mackinaw and traverse the infamous Northwest Passage on the maiden voyage of the USCG Healy, the newest Polar Class Icebreaker in the US Fleet. ____________________________________________________ Friday, November 18, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Dangerous Cargo. Toxic traffic is everywhere! An average of 800,000 shipments of hazardous materials hit our highways and railways daily. From Wild West wooden crates filled with explosives to HAZMAT containers of nuclear waste, we shadow dangerous cargo. We ride shotgun on a hazardous material shipment that's tracked by satellites; hunt down the hush-hush "ghost fleet"--trucks carrying classified government materials; and board a Con-Air flight moving another kind of nasty stuff--dangerous felons! 8-9pm -- Pacific: The Lost Evidence - Pearl Harbor. December 7, 1941--"a date which will live in infamy". The unprovoked attack on the US Pacific Fleet moored at Pearl Harbor is one of the key moments in modern history, signalling the US entry into WWII, turning the war into a global conflict, and marking America's emergence as a military superpower. In this hour, we offer an unprecedented viewpoint of the attack. Aerial photographs taken of Pearl Harbor and the Hawaiian Island of Oahu are layered over a 3-D contour map to create a CGI "model". But, this isn't a computer game. Rather, a facsimile of Pearl Harbor as the battle raged. These original high-resolution images allow the viewer to track the attack from the air. Individual stories of courage and heroism are explored in the exact spots where they took place. Using cutting-edge techniques, rare archive film, reenactments, and extraordinary interviews with men who were there, we tell, in a totally new way, the story of WWII's greatest surprise attack. 9-10pm -- Pacific: The Lost Evidence - Iwo Jima. On February 19, 1945, men of the US Marine Corps invaded Iwo Jima. Over the next 36 days, the island became the site of a titanic struggle of sheer bloody will and determination. The Marines had to expel over 21,000 tenacious Japanese troops from a labyrinth of fortifications dug into the very bowels of this sulphurous island. Aerial photographs taken of the island during the war have now been layered over a 3-D contour map to create a CGI "model" of the island. But this is no computer game--it's a model of the actual island as the battle raged. The original high-resolution images allow viewers to track the conquest of the island, step by step, from the air. Individual stories of courage and heroism can be placed in the exact spot on the island where they took place. The Marines eventually secured the island, but half of the land combatants were killed or maimed. The battle assumed legendary status and earned its place in the collective consciousness of the American people. 10-11pm -- Heroes Under Fire - The Great Raid. The Philippines, January 28, 1945. The 6th Ranger Battalion embarks from its base on the most audacious rescue operation ever undertaken--to penetrate 30 miles behind enemy lines and liberate 511 POWs from Cabanatuan, the notorious Japanese POW camp. Join us for the dramatic and action-packed stories of heroes from WWII to the present day. From Delta Force Operators to CIA Field Officers, SWAT teams to bomb squads, SAS Commandos to Navy SEALs, this series recounts the stories of those who distinguish themselves above all others in perilous situations of combat, rescue missions, covert assignments, drug wars, and hostile intelligence operations. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, November 19, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Doomsday Tech 1. Doomsday threats range from very real (nuclear arsenals) to controversial (global warming) to futuristic (nanotechnology, cyborgs, and robots). Despite the Cold War's end, we live under the shadow of nuclear weapons, arms races, and accidental launches. Next, we stir up a hotter topic--the connection between global warming and fossil fuels--and ask if they're cooking up a sudden, new Ice Age. And we examine 21st-century technologies that typify the dual-edged sword of Doomsday Tech with massive potential for both creation and destruction--nanotechnology (engineering on a tiny scale), robotics, and cybernetics. We witness amazing applications in the works, wonder at the limitless promise, and hear warnings of a possible nano-doomsday, with tiny, out-of-control machines devouring everything around them. 8-10pm -- Reel To Real - Saints and Soldiers. Movie. Based on actual events during WWII, this award-winning film tells the dramatic story of a small band of Allied soldiers trapped behind enemy lines with information that could save thousands of American lives. Outgunned and ill-equipped, they must now battle a frigid wilderness and roving German troops to smuggle the critical intelligence back to Allied territory and survive the tragic event now known as the Malmedy Massacre. With Corbin Allred, Alexander Polinsky, Kirby Heyborne, Larry Bagby, Peter Asle Holden, and Ethan Vincent. (2003) 10-11pm -- Reel To Real - Massacre at Malmedy. Chronicles one of WWII's most infamous atrocities, the massacre of 86 American prisoners of war by the German S.S. in 1945. Includes an account of the war-crimes trial in which 72 Germans were convicted for their part in the killings. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, November 20, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Meteors: Fire in the Sky - Part 2. It isn't a question of if but when the next deadly impact will take place. When will the next Earth-killer hit? We talk to leading experts--astronomers and geologists including David Levy and Carolyn Shoemaker, co-discoverers of the Shoemaker-Levy comet that fell into Jupiter in 1994. And we talk to NASA scientists about recent missions to asteroids and comets and speculate on ways to move Earth-threatening asteroids and comets out of our way. Part 2 of 2. 8-10pm -- Little Ice Age: Big Chill - Not so long ago, civilization learned that it was no match for just a few degrees drop in temperature. Scientists call it the Little Ice Age--but its impact was anything but small. From 1300 to 1850, a period of cataclysmic cold caused havoc. It froze Viking colonists in Greenland, accelerated the Black Death in Europe, decimated the Spanish Armada, and helped trigger the French Revolution. The Little Ice Age reshaped the world in ways that now seem the stuff of fantasy--New York Harbor froze and people walked from Manhattan to Staten Island, Eskimos sailed kayaks as far south as Scotland, and two feet of snow fell on New England in June and July during "the Year Without a Summer". Could another catastrophic cold snap strike in the 21st century? Leading climatologists offer the latest theories, and scholars and historians recreate the history that could be a glimpse of things to come. Face the cold, hard truth of the past--an era that may be a window to our future. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Ice Road Truckers. During the harsh winter of Canada's Northwest Territory, remote villages and work camps are cut off from the world. To keep them supplied, a tenacious group of long-haul truckers drive their rigs over hundreds of miles on ice roads cut across the surface of frozen lakes. Sometimes the ice cannot support the heavy rig, and driver and cargo plunge through the ice and sink to the bottom. Hitch a risky ride along with the Ice Road Truckers as they drive headlong into bone-chilling danger. ____________________________________________________ Monday, November 21, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Machines of D-Day. June 6, 1944--the greatest machine of World War Two springs into action. It is made up of thousands of ships and aircraft, tens of thousands of men and millions of tons of steel and concrete. This is Operation Overlord--the invasion machine that will send Allied soldiers dropping from the skies and storming the beaches of Normandy. Each piece of this machine has been designed to fulfill a specific task in the air, on land, or at sea. The success of D-Day depends on it. Interlocking with pinpoint precision, the men and machines of Overlord overcome not just Hitler's beach defenses, but nature itself in the greatest assault the world has ever seen. Using archive film, and color reenactments, we reveal the phenomenal hardware of D-Day. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Beyond The War of the Worlds. In print worldwide for over a century, The War of the Worlds is H.G. Wells at his best. Beginning with its literary origins, we trace the path of this amazing story from riveting magazine serial through the panic broadcast of 1938, and then to major motion pictures. We uncover the long-forgotten 1968 broadcast that again drove thousands into the streets of Buffalo, New York; and gain exclusive access to a new animated feature film. Loaded with state-of-the-art special effects and stunning reenactments, we revisit not only the famous but the obscure, including the radio broadcast in Ecuador that cost 20 people their lives. Filled with vintage film clips and previously unseen interpretations of the Martians, this is one you won't want to miss! 9-10pm -- Decoding The Past - Cults. Since ancient times, controversy has shrouded cults. Whether promising a new messiah or guilt-free fleshly pleasures, cults offer haven to those in search of meaning. Some of the cults examined include: the Greek cult of Dionysus, early Christians, Church of Satan, People's Temple, Branch Davidians, Heaven's Gate, and millennial cults. 10-11pm -- Battlefield Detectives - Battle of Britain. Britain stands alone against the might of the advancing German armed forces. But before Hitler can put his planned invasion into effect, he needs to destroy Britain's Royal Air Force. The Germans believe they are invincible. For four long months in the summer of 1940, the RAF and the German Luftwaffe fought an epic battle in the blue skies over the green fields of southeast England. For more than 60 years, the story of the battle has been the story of an unprepared nation winning against overwhelming odds--a tale of heroism, of a handful of plucky pilots, of the battle-winning Spitfire aircraft. In our investigation, scientists, historians, and veterans reveal that in fact Britain was far from unprepared. What were the secret systems and tactics that forced the Germans to withdraw from battle--and that led them to postpone, and then cancel, their plans for invasion? ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, November 22, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Secrets of the Acropolis. With a thrilling combination of dramatic reconstructions and 3-D animation, we step back in time to the Golden Age of Greece and the birth of democracy, to an era of unparalleled human creativity that produced the magnificent architecture on the Acropolis. Powerfully evoking the pagan rituals that made the Acropolis the heart of Athenian life, we explore all four key buildings: the Propylaia, the Erectheion, Athena Nike, and the Parthenon--the most influential buildings in Western civilization. 8-9pm -- Mail Call - Minot AFB. At ease, Private! R. Lee Ermey is your commanding officer in this series that answers viewers' questions about military methods and technology with practical demonstrations by military experts. Viewers go on the frontlines, to foreign lands, and into basic training as Lee demonstrates the hows and whys behind weaponry, military hardware, vehicles, and jargon. It's a glimpse of military life and history that civilians rarely see. (1-hour version.) 9-10pm -- Shootout - Hunt for Bin Laden. If you thought the war in Afghanistan was over, think again. Young Americans continue to fight and die as they pursue Osama bin Laden, battle with al-Qaida, and destroy the last remnants of the Taliban regime. Fighting a tenacious enemy across searing deserts and frigid mountain peaks requires strong weaponry and sound tactics. These American veterans had both. Marine Gunnery Sergeant William Bodette shows us how he fought off three enemy ambushes in one month and lived to tell the tale. Three National Guardsmen--all cops back in America's heartland--diagram their rescue of two Special Forces snipers pinned down by al-Qaida gunmen. Sergeant Jason Thompson breaks down the shootout on an Afghanistan hillside that left him seriously wounded and took the life of one of the young Marines under his command. 10-11pm -- Man, Moment, Machine - Stormin' Norman and the Abrams Tank. The Date: 1991. The Mission: Drive Saddam Hussein's army and elite Republican Guard from Kuwait. The Man: US 4-star General Norman Schwarzkopf. The Machine of Choice: the M1A1 "Abrams" tank, firing what the gunners call "the silver bullet". Saddam predicts it will be the "Mother of all Battles," but Schwarzkopf knows he can beat the Republican Guard with the "Mother-of-all-Tanks"--the most technologically advanced tank in the history of warfare. Inside the tank, host Hunter Ellis demonstrates how what they call "Sabot" rounds can be loaded and fired in three seconds. Just one of these "silver bullets" can penetrate an Iraqi tank and completely destroy it. In just 100 hours of battle, Schwarzkopf drives the Iraqis from Kuwait and shatters Saddam's army. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, November 23, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- The History of Thanksgiving - From the Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock, Lincoln's 1863 declaration naming it a national holiday, to turkey, Macy's parade, and football, we'll share the abundant feast of Thanksgiving history--including all the trimmings! 8-9pm -- The Presidents - 1789-1825. Based on the book To the Best of My Ability, this 8-part series provides an insightful look at the exclusive group of men from all walks of life and parts of the country who have led America from the Oval Office. Part 1 probes the Constitutional Era, when the fledgling nation's revolutionary Founding Fathers became its first administrators. From George Washington, who defined the presidency, to James Monroe, the last of the Revolutionary War heroes, the office of president evolves and is tested as the United States undergoes growing pains. Defining moments include Washington's Whisky Rebellion, John Adams' XYZ Affair, Thomas Jefferson's Louisiana Purchase, James Madison's War of 1812, and the Monroe Doctrine. We also examine the human side of the Presidents, offering a look at their strengths and weaknesses, their families, and accomplishments. 9-10pm -- The Presidents - 1825-1849. In Part 2, America's leadership changes hands from the Founding Fathers to a new breed of Founding Sons. The period marked rapid growth and contentious politics, including the bitterest election in US history and first decided by popular vote--the election of 1828. The imposing figure of Andrew Jackson dominates as he impresses his will upon the nation, heralding the era of the Common Man and Manifest Destiny. We also peruse the putrid politics of John Quincy Adams' presidency; Battle of the Petticoats; Indian Removal Act; Bank War; economic turmoil during Martin Van Buren's term; William Henry Harrison's death, the first succession crisis, elevation of Vice President John Tyler ("His Accidency"), and the first impeachment resolution against a president; and exploits of James K. Polk, who took the US to war with Mexico and expanded the nation "from Sea to Shining Sea." 10-11pm -- The Presidents - 1849-1865. Marked by polar opposites, this hour scrutinizes a fractious era of the presidency--from Taylor to Lincoln--one of the most turbulent in US history, when the volatile issues of states' rights and slavery erupted in civil war. We highlight the rough-hewn style of Zachary Taylor, the second president to die in office, through the compromising weaknesses of Millard Fillmore and Franklin Pierce (Barbara Pierce Bush's fourth cousin four times removed), the near-treasonous James Buchanan administration, to Abraham Lincoln, savior of the republic to some, destroyer of the nation to others. The episode ends with the first presidential assassination on Good Friday, April 14, 1865, when Southern sympathizer and actor John Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln in the head at Ford's Theater in Washington during a performance of Our American Cousin. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, November 24, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Washington Monument. The US capital boasts many memorials, but none with a more bizarre history than the obelisk erected to America's first president. Over 55 stories high and weighing over 90,000 tons, the Washington Monument stands stalwart in the city's center. From concept to completion, it took 100 years--years filled with mystery, ceremony, conflict, government action, and inaction. Proposed in the late 1700s by a group of prominent citizens and finished in the late 1800s by the Army Corps of Engineers, the exterior is mainly Maryland white marble, while the interior is made of granite, iron...and a few surprises. How did it come together and why did it take so long? Historians tell stories of stalling bureaucracy, secret societies, and triumphant engineering. Stark and daunting on the outside, we let viewers know what's inside. 8-9pm -- The Presidents - 1865-1885. During America's Age of Reconstruction, from Andrew Johnson (Lincoln's vice president) to Chester A. Arthur, the ruptured nation faced the difficult task of rebuilding a union after four years of civil war and a presidential assassination. This period was also known as the era of "The Ohio Generals"--three of the five presidents featured in this hour were generals in the Civil War, all from the state of Ohio. Defining moments include the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson (by a margin of one, the Senate voted not to convict him), the triumphant ascendancy of Ulysses S. Grant, the back-room politics of Rutherford B. Hayes, the unrequited aspirations of James Garfield, and the civil service reforms of Chester A. Arthur. 9-10pm -- The Presidents - 1885-1913. From Grover Cleveland to William Howard Taft, the Gilded Age of the American Presidency, featured a new breed of men who occupied the White House. It was an era of unbridled economic growth, combined with the completion of America's "Manifest Destiny" policy, and dominated by the emerging figure of Theodore Roosevelt. Defining moments include Grover Cleveland's two nonconsecutive terms in office, William McKinley's assassination, Teddy Roosevelt's anti-trust assaults on big-money monopolies, and William Howard Taft's political estrangement from his mentor and friend TR, which led to a split in the Republican Party. 10-11pm -- The Presidents - 1913-1945. The sixth hour looks at a challenging period of US history that was marked by financial depression and two world wars. This era also witnessed America's emergence as a player on the world stage and ultimately a superpower. In 1917, Woodrow Wilson proclaimed American entrance into World War One a crusade to make the world "safe for democracy." After the war's end, he asserted international leadership in building a new world order. Warren Harding watched as scandals rocked his administration. Calvin Coolidge ushered the nation to a dangerous economic precipice that became the Great Depression during Herbert Hoover's years. And finally, we look at the three terms of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, who helped the nation recover from the Depression and led it through the Second World War. ____________________________________________________ Friday, November 25, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Nature's Engineers 2. Think man is unique within the animal kingdom? You might not after this hour that features an amazing collection of earth's non-human inhabitants that use tools, build intricate structures, create traps to capture prey, and perform complex procedures, including farming. From Egyptian vultures utilizing stones to crack open hard-shelled ostrich eggs to chimpanzees using a "tool kit" to extract termites from their nests, we learn that our ability to create tools is not exclusive. Other mammals create subterranean structures, including those prodigious diggers Prairie Dogs, and many animals and insects make devices to augment hunting, such as the Ogre-faced Spider that spins a small web to throw down on unsuspecting passersby. And we're not the only ones to work as a unified, multi-skilled force. Aphid-Raising Ants protect and care for herds of plant juice-sucking aphids that they "milk". 8-9pm -- The Presidents - 1945-1977. An era of seeming bliss turns into a period of total political disenfranchisement. Plain-spoken Harry Truman becomes president after FDR dies in office and presides during the last days of WWII. He also ushers the US into the Atomic Age and the beginning of the Cold War. Truman is followed by the hero of D-Day, Dwight D. Eisenhower. Ike's grandfatherly image and "hidden hand" politics are replaced by youth and charisma when John F. Kennedy is elected. Assassination thrusts Lyndon B. Johnson into office and Vietnam drives him out. After Richard Nixon resigns in disgrace, Gerald Ford tries to heal a wounded nation. Defining moments include the dropping of the first atom bombs, containment of communism, the Cold War, Cuban Missile Crisis, man on the Moon, JFK's assassination, Civil Rights, the Vietnam War, Watergate, and the first presidential resignation. 9-10pm -- The Presidents - 1977-Present. The final hour of the series brings us to precipice of the 2005 inauguration. This is an era marked by a new world order, defined by the fall of the Berlin Wall, then shattered by the specter of global terrorism. Defining moments include Jimmy Carter's economic malaise and the Iran Hostage Crisis; the election of actor Ronald Reagan, bringing another assassination attempt, Iran-Contra, and the Strategic Defense Initiative; George H.W. Bush's Gulf War; Bill Clinton's booming economy, sex scandals, and impeachment; and the terror strikes on America on 9/11, George W. Bush's handling of the crisis, the War on Terror, doctrine of preemptive strikes, and invasion of Iraq. We also look at the contentious 2004 reelection of Bush over John Kerry. 10-11pm -- Heroes Under Fire - Captain Crunch. The dramatic, action-packed stories of modern heroes--individuals and small teams who distinguish themselves in perilous situations of modern combat, rescue missions, covert assignments, drug wars, and hostile intelligence operations. Beirut Lebanon, 1983: When the US Embassy is decimated by a car bomb, it is not just a symbolic strike against America. Someone has deliberately targeted those they believe to be calling the shots in this volatile region--the CIA. Nearly the entire Middle East CIA Station is wiped-out. The agency calls on "Captain Crunch" Keith Hall, a former Marine, who is one of the CIA's best men in the field and he is quickly dispatched to Beirut with one mission--find out who did it. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, November 26, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - More Doomsday Tech. The second deadly hour examines more threats--both natural and manmade--that may endanger civilization. From the far reaches of space to tiny viruses, doomsday sources are many. But so are technologies used to keep doomsday at bay. Asteroids of significant size have hit our planet before and likely will again. Asteroid hunters demonstrate the Near Earth Asteroid Tracking (NEAT) program and methods being developed to destroy earth-aimed asteroids. Then, it's onto bioterrorism's sinister technologies--how highly virulent agents like smallpox and plague can be weaponized. Next, an ex-hacker turned cyber-security expert shows how vulnerable the nation's computers are to cyberterror. Finally, we visit the controversial world of biotechnology. Could genetically engineered crops backfire? Does a brave new world of genetically selected beings loom in our not-so-distant future? 8-10pm -- The Kennedy Assassination: Beyond Conspiracy - No other murder in history has produced as much speculation as the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Forty years after he was fatally shot, more than 70 percent of polled Americans believe there was a conspiracy and that Lee Harvey Oswald did not act alone. In this 2-hour special, ABC News Anchor Peter Jennings takes a fresh look at the assassination, the evidence, the various and many theories, and an exact computer simulation of the famous Abraham Zapruder film that offers surprising results. 10-12am -- Kennedys: The Curse of Power - Traces the Kennedy clan's calamities that occurred on the rise to power--from immigration from Ireland up to John Kennedy Jr.'s tragic death in 1999. The first hour sees the loss of Joe Jr. in WWII and the assassinations of JFK and RFK. Hour two witnesses Ted's downfall and role as surrogate father to a fatherless generation. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, November 27, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Comanche Warriors - They invented the swirling, circling wagon train attack. They took captives...or decorated their lances with the scalps of those who fought back. From a ragtag band of scavengers, the Comanche transformed themselves into superior warriors by becoming the first tribe to tame the wild mustangs. In less than a generation, the Comanche became the world's greatest horsemen. For more than 150 years, the Comanche of the Southwest were ferocious raiders who stuck terror into the hearts of the plains tribes, Mexican villagers, and frontier settlers. They became the most feared and powerful tribe to follow the massive buffalo herds across the American heartland. We detail the motivation, tactics, weapons, and experiences of these nomadic Native Americans known as the "Lords of the Southern Plains". 8-10pm -- Time Machine - In a 2-hour special, we scrutinize ancient writings that didn't "make the cut" in the battle to create a Christian Bible in the new religion's first few centuries. Biblical archaeologists and scholars examine why they were left out and if others might yet be found. Beginning with the little-known Life of Adam and Eve, we also peruse the Book of Jubilees, the Book of Enoch, the Gospel of Thomas, the Protevangelium of James, the Gospel of Mary, the Gospel of Nicodemus, and the Apocalypse of Peter. 10-11pm -- Sodom & Gomorrah - Did the sinful biblical cities Sodom and Gomorrah exist or was the story of their destruction crafted for other purposes? Near the Dead Sea, archaeologists uncovered the ruins of two ancient cities, Bab-edh-dhra and Numeira, that show evidence of fire and collapse and an inscription on a sanctuary near a cave calling it a shrine to Lot. Is this the cave where Lot and his daughters sought refuge after the demise of the evil cities? We examine the many theories. ____________________________________________________ Monday, November 28, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Inventions of War. Arising from the horrible carnage, deprivation, and suffering caused by war is a countless array of everyday items--from hairbrushes to microwaves--that directly descend from wartime innovations. Wartime research and development have revolutionized communication, transportation, and medicine. From Spam to nuclear power to hairspray and cell phones, life as we know it ironically owes a lot to war. We'll follow the day-to-day life of an ordinary woman and see the influence of war on her life. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - UFOs and the White House. Did you know that the office of President of the United States has had a direct involvement with UFOs for over 50 years? Since WWII, every Chief Executive has publicly discussed, issued, or received documents from the White House pertaining to "Unidentified Flying Objects". Many of these documents have never been seen on television before and some of the stories surrounding these UFO-presidential encounters are broadcast for the first time. Find out which administrations had to defend our country from unidentified objects...who was sitting in the Oval Office during the biggest UFO sightings...and how the government's UFO files are handled, depending on political affiliations. We'll gather the facts and glean information from presidential libraries that reveal startling insight on UFOs and the White House. 9-10pm -- Decoding The Past - The Other Nostradamus. 10-11pm -- Battlefield Detectives - Waterloo. It's 10 o' clock on the evening of June 18, 1815. For the last 11 hours, a quarter of a million men have been fighting one of the most intense, bitter clashes in history--the Battle of Waterloo. As many as 50,000 men and 10,000 horses lie dead on the battlefield. The British Commander, the Duke of Wellington, greets Field Marshall von Blucher, Commander-in-Chief of the Prussian army. Their forces have achieved the unthinkable--the defeat of the legendary Emperor of France, Napoleon Bonaparte. How had Wellington achieved such a remarkable victory? Using the latest scientific techniques and historical analysis, we'll discover what gave Wellington the edge at Waterloo. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, November 29, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Aswan Dam. In 1954, Gamal Abdel Nasser, the Arab Republic of Egypt's first prime minister, had a plan to bring his poor country into the 20th century. To pull it off, he needed to harness the flow of the world's longest river--the Nile. The ambitious plan called for construction of a high dam in southern Egypt at Aswan. But the builders of the pyramids and the Suez Canal were no strangers to large undertakings. We'll see how the Aswan High Dam socially, politically, culturally, and agriculturally affected Egypt. 8-8:30pm -- Mail Call - #90. At ease, Private! R. Lee Ermey is your commanding officer in this series that answers viewers' questions about military methods and technology with practical demonstrations by military experts. Viewers go on the frontlines, to foreign lands, and into basic training as Lee demonstrates the hows and whys behind weaponry, military hardware, vehicles, and jargon. It's a glimpse of military life and history that civilians rarely see. 8:30-9pm -- Mail Call - Longbow/National Technical Systems/WWI Machine Gun/P-51 Mustang/WWII Flight Jacket: #44. Medieval expert Jeffrey Hedgecock shows R. Lee Ermey why the longbow was such a feared weapon and how it helped England become a dominant European power in the Middle Ages, and demonstrates the brigandine variety of archer protection. Then, Lee heads to Arkansas, where National Technical Systems tests weapons and equipment; profiles the WWI Chauchat machine gun, a fabulous French flop; gets an up-close look at a restored P-51 Mustang; and swaggers around in an A-2 flight Jacket, a WWII icon. 9-10pm -- Shootout - WWII: Storming France. D-Day was hell, but it was just the beginning. For five months, in the villages and fields of France, American GIs fought and died for every yard of turf, as Hitler tried to push them back into the sea. Don Malarkey, of the famous "Band of Brothers", brings us into the trenches for Easy Company's daring attack on a German gun battery. Paratrooper John Hinchliff puts us behind his machine gun as he tries to hold off a German assault. Three vets of the 379th Regimental Combat Scouts recount a harrowing dance with death when their cover is blown. Bryan Bell, an infantry platoon leader in Patton's Third Army, leads his men on a charge up a hillside where death comes much easier than glory. Computer graphics and battle reenactments show you how these soldiers fought and why they won. 10-11pm -- Man, Moment, Machine - Doolittle's Daring Raid. It's 1942--the height of WWII. Bombers have never before taken off from an aircraft carrier, but the moment has come. Daredevil pilot Jimmy Doolittle and his handpicked squadron train for a one-way mission using modified B-25s. They're on a mission to bomb Tokyo, avenge Pearl Harbor, and hopefully bring an end to the war. There is not enough fuel for them to land safely. They know they will either make history, or die trying. In this episode, host Hunter Ellis examines The Man--celebrated pilot Lieutenant Colonel James H. Doolittle; The Machine--the B-25 Bomber; and The Moment--Doolittle's dramatic raid on Japan. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, November 30, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Harvesting. Cutting, digging, picking, stripping, shaking, and raking--whatever the crop, there's a custom machine to harvest it. It all began with handpicking and today it's often one man and one machine harvesting hundreds of acres in a single day. The farmer may even get a little help from satellites. Far above the earth, high-resolution photography is giving the grower more opportunities to cut costs and maximize the harvest. From the debut of the sickle in ancient Egypt to McCormick's famous Reaper to the field of ergonomics that assists human harvesters, we'll dig into the past and future of the harvest. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Logging Tech. When Paul Bunyan cried "Timber!", he never foresaw today's cutting-edge, controversial industry that feeds a ravenous, lumber-crazy world--a world striving to protect nature while devouring it. Come into the woods to see how he-men and hi-tech combine forces to topple 4-billion trees annually; journey to 19th-century America, when lumberjacks cut a legend as large as the timber they felled; and travel with a tree from stump to sawmill and learn its non-wood uses--from aspirin to film to toothpaste! 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - The Lumberyard. At the center of the American Dream is the home--and at the center of its creation or renovation is the lumberyard. We'll explore the options lumberyards provide for builders and renovators--from natural to engineered woods. We'll show how plywood and pressed woods are made, trace exotic woods to jungle and desert, visit a special lumberyard that deals in recycled and antique woods, and go on an underwater expedition as divers locate ancient logs buried in the Great Lakes and New Zealand. We'll see how 50,000-year-old ancient Kauri wood is "mined" from a bog and is now all the rage among those who live in mansions and travel on yachts. From the lowly 2-by-4 used to build a tract home, to a reclaimed set of historic planks used to make a million-dollar bar in a 5-star hotel, this eye-opening program hits the nail right on the head.
For info on UFOs, check out the interview on MonsterVision's Mars Attacks page
Watch Mail Call every week if you know what's good for you, scumbag,
hosted by R. Lee Ermey of Full Metal Jacket
(movie available on video and DVD)
Wild West Tech hosted by David Carradine on the History Channel, some episodes narrated by Keith Carradine
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* Congressman Gary Condit (D), who reportedly told police he'd had an affair with Levy, is no longer considered to be a suspect in the case. Condit lost his bid for re-election in the Democratic Primary of 2002.
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