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The History Channel

Primetime Programming Schedule

Listings For This Month (schedules available after the 1st)

Tactical to Practical NOTE: We are listing both EST/Pacific Time and individual television ratings. All rated [G] or [PG] unless noted. [NR] = Not Rated, news-related program.

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History Channel Primetime Listings

Friday, July 1, 2005

7-8pm -- History Alive - Birth of the Republic.
The longest war in American history before Vietnam
concludes on October 19, 1781, with General
Cornwallis's surrender to Washington at Yorktown. Two
years later, the diplomatic battle ends with the
signing of the Treaty of Paris. The concluding episode
also explores what became of the men who waged the

8-9pm -- UFO Files - Soviet UFO Secrets Revealed.
In an investigation of some of the most puzzling UFO
sightings in Soviet history, we uncover the work of an
underground network of believers and reveal a
clandestine 13-year government investigation of UFOs.
Many Russian UFO enthusiasts believe that proof of
alien encounters exists--but it's being hidden from
them! We also meet George Knapp, an American broadcast
journalist who traveled to Russia in the early 1990s
and believes there's a treasure trove of KGB UFO files
that remain top-secret.

9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Secrets of Soviet Space
An investigation into one of the 20th century's most
shocking hidden stories--the dismal failure of the
Soviet space program, which led to more than 150
recorded deaths. Much has come to light from
declassified files. We see how personal rivalries,
shifting political alliances, and bureaucratic
bungling doomed the program.

10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - Claymore Mine/1st U.S.
Nuclear Sub/Resupply At Sea/Patriot Air Defense
Missile: #34.
R. Lee Ermey demonstrates the claymore anti-personnel
mine--a favorite weapon for perimeter defense in
Vietnam that's still in use--and checks out the
medieval claymore--a 16th-century sword used by
Scottish warriors. Other viewer questions Lee
addresses include: America's first nuclear-powered
submarine; how naval vessels resupply at sea; if the
Patriot Missile performs better now than in the first
Gulf War; the origin of the name for the rhythmic
cadence songs used while drilling or running.

10:30-11pm -- Mail Call - F-15 Eagle/Flying
Platform/Atomic Annie/Army Missiles/Tommy Gun v. Burp
Gun/Bullets: #37
R. Lee Ermey rides in an F-15 Eagle, courtesy of the
Oregon Air National Guard--and proudly returns all
three of his airsickness bags empty! Find out about a
wacky single-man vertical flight machine tested in the
1950s--the Hiller Flying Platform; Atomic Annie, a
howitzer that fired both conventional and nuclear
warheads; why the Army controlled missile programs in
the 1940s and '50s; which WWII submachine gun was
better, the US Tommy Gun or German Burp Gun; and the
terms used to measure bullets.


Saturday, July 2, 2005

7-8pm -- The Color of War - Anchors Aweigh.
For the sailors who fought in World War II, combat at
sea differed radically from any previous conflict. The
jobs they performed were far more complex and
technically more demanding than ever before, and the
threats they faced were much more lethal. Utilizing
vivid color film and photographs unearthed from
archives and personal collections, along with
firsthand accounts from veterans, we recall the
remarkable true stories of these sailors and the
battles they fought. Peter Coyote narrates.

8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - July 1-7.
In the Great Sundra Islands, 33,000 Australian troops
land at Balikpapan, while three escort carriers
provide naval support. The Allies now control one of
the richest oil-producing areas in Asia. In Berlin,
the first US occupation troops arrive as Allied forces
hold a victory parade. Meanwhile, rumors circulate
that Hitler is still alive. In Manila, US General
Douglas MacArthur declares the Philippines free from
Japanese occupation. In Britain, Prime Minister
Winston Churchill loses the General Election to the
Labour Party led by Clement Atlee. But the results are
not known for another three weeks. We also take a look
at the US Curtis P-40 Kittyhawk and its important
combat role under General Chennault against the
Japanese in China. By the summer of 1945, USAF
Major-General Claire Chennault--known as "Old Leather
Face"--was in command of a combined wing of the
Chinese and US air forces.

9-10pm -- The Color of War - Fueling the Fire.
During WWII, the leaders of the US military challenged
themselves to create the most advanced supply system
in the history of warfare. The servicemen who fought
the supply war played a critical, and
under-appreciated, role in achieving victory. Without
them the Allied war machine would have ground to a
halt. Peter Coyote narrates this compelling journey
into WWII through the eyes of those who lived it,
using color film and photographs unearthed from
archives and personal collections.

10-11pm -- The Color of War - Face to Face.
Five out of every six men serving in WWII never saw
combat, serving instead in the vast support services.
But the men who were at the front lived through some
of the greatest horrors of the human experience. For
them, survival was all--surviving getting to the
front, surviving attack, surviving combat. This
episode reveals their constant struggle to stay alive.
Peter Coyote narrates this compelling journey into
WWII through the eyes of those who lived it,
completely in color.


Sunday, July 3, 2005

7-8pm -- Secret Luftwaffe Aircraft of WWII - 
German military aircraft designs were decades ahead of
their Allied counterparts. To insure Luftwaffe
superiority, their designers tested advanced concepts
including swept-wing and vertical take-off aircraft
and stealth bombers. Using computer-generated images
and archival footage, we trace development of Hitler's
airborne arsenal.

8-9pm -- Secret Russian Aircraft of WWII - 
History has overlooked the unimaginable hardships
Russian designers faced under the paranoid rule of
Josef Stalin. Frequent purges represented a constant
threat. Yet, in spite of the ever-present danger,
Soviet aircraft designers mastered technical hurdles
astonishing even by today's standards. This hour
features extensive archive images of never-before-seen
aircraft and the designers who brought them to life.
The innovative aircraft profiled include a swept-wing
Delta aircraft design; a rocket-powered fighter; a
long distance fixed-wing aircraft with features later
incorporated in the U-2 spyplane; a flying tank
prototype; a submarine-bomber combination; and a
canard-wing aircraft. And we highlight remarkable
aircraft launched after Stalin's death in 1953, like
the delta-winged supersonic Concordski and the world's
largest plane, the Antonov 124 Ruslan.

9-10pm -- Secret Allied Aircraft of WWII - 
At WWII's outset, US and UK military aircraft designs
were woefully behind Germany's and Japan's
technologically superior planes. But the genius and
ingenuity of innovators on both sides of the Atlantic
closed the gap. For America, it was a handful of
visionaries and their teams; for Great Britain, a
creative and thoughtful spirit emanated from the top
leadership on down. In this hour, we recount the
untold stories of their cutting-edge designs and
solutions, some of which proved decades ahead of their

10-11pm -- The Conquerors - General Howe: Conqueror of
New York.
As the American Revolution unfolded, English King
George III sought to put down the rebellious colonies
by sending one of his most talented and respected
generals to fight and conquer the
insurrectionists--General William Howe. Arriving in
June 1776, Howe amassed his forces and then, in
August, soundly defeated General George Washington at
the Battle of Long Island in a brilliant tactical
display. The victory provided England with the most
strategically critical position in America--New York
City. By controlling New York, Howe held the center of
American finance, the largest port in the colonies,
and the vital commercial gateway to the interior--the
Hudson River. We'll see how Howe's success in New York
served to strengthen the English cause and prolong the


Monday, July 4, 2005

6-8pm -- Ben Franklin - 
Meet Dr. Benjamin Franklin--a far more complex figure
than the squeaky-clean, larger than life Founding
Father whose grandfatherly visage graces the hundred
dollar bill. Inventor, politician, writer,
businessman, scientist, diplomat--that, of course, is
the mythic, legendary Ben Franklin. But it's not the
only Ben Franklin. By his own admission, Franklin had
more than his share of shortcomings and failures.
Photographed largely on location in Philadelphia in
High Definition, and featuring in-depth interviews
with biographers and historians, as well as liberal
doses of Franklin's own, often humorous observations,
the special allows viewers to "walk" in Franklin's
footsteps. In this vivid portrait, we meet an earthy,
brilliant, and flawed Franklin that one biographer
believes would feel right at home in today's world.

8-10pm -- Tora, Tora, Tora: The Real Story of Pearl
Harbor - 
December 7, 1941, was an historical turning point--the
world was forever changed after the fateful Japanese
attack against the US fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
It resulted from a combination of interrelated and
complicated factors--and at any point, the dangerous
operation could have been called off before its
commander radioed back the code words "Tora, Tora,
Tora" (Tiger, Tiger, Tiger), which meant complete
surprise had been achieved. Here is the real story of
the "Day of Infamy".

10-11pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Secret Allied Trap.
On December 11, 1941, Adolf Hitler declared war on the
United States. Among his stated reasons was that
"[Roosevelt] ordered the German ships Phrygia,
Idarwald, and Rhein to be shadowed by American ships
until these steamers were compelled to scuttle
themselves." Over six decades later, our Deep Sea
Detectives John Chatterton and Richie Kohler dive a
sunken wreck off Florida's coast and discover it is
the Rhein, one of Hitler's lost merchant ships.
Chatterton and Kohler track the twisting tale of its
sinking--from cryptic newspaper reports to official US
deck logs that appear to be missing important
information. Along the way, they reveal the actions of
an officially neutral US government in the tense
period prior to her entry into WWII.


Tuesday, July 5, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Alaskan Oil Pipeline.
In 1973, a desperate America, starved by an OPEC
embargo, began construction on an 800-mile lifeline
for its insatiable oil hunger. We'll examine this
technological triumph, built over impenetrable
mountains and tundra, where temperatures drop to 75
below zero. We also study its impact on a fragile
ecological system.

8-9pm -- Hit the Road - Mountain Roads.
Join our journey along monumental feats of engineering
that preserved America's natural wonders while paving
the way towards her future. Travel the Donner Pass in
the Sierra Nevada Mountains, site of a dark chapter in
US history. Today, crews use the latest technology to
keep I-80 open during the worst winter storms. Enjoy
the view while traveling to the summit of Pike's Peak
in Colorado, inspiration for America the Beautiful.
The "Going-to-the-Sun-Road" slices through Montana's
majestic Glacier National Park, crossing the
Continental Divide and allowing motorists unsurpassed
views of mountain scenery. Outside Denver, the
Eisenhower Memorial Tunnel, carved through mountain
rock, united eastern and western Colorado. And the
Blue Ridge Parkway, which took 52 years to complete,
snakes through large, scenic swatches. Its roads,
bridges, tunnels, and viaduct connect the Southeast
region and bring nature close to 20-million motorists

9-10pm -- Hit the Road - Paving America.
The story of the construction of our grand national
highway system, from its beginnings in 1912 (it was
conceived by auto and headlight tycoons) to its
completion in 1984 (when the last stoplight was
removed--and buried).

10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Mackinac Bridge.
Until recently, the Mackinac Bridge was the longest
suspension bridge in the world. One of the top
engineering marvels of the 20th century, the bridge
spans the 4-mile wide straits of Mackinac, where Lakes
Huron and Michigan come together. The Mighty Mac
connects the pastoral northern mainland of Michigan
with the state's heavily forested Upper Peninsula and
stands as a testament to the dreams, determination,
and hard work of a small few who created a true
masterpiece of modern engineering.


Wednesday, July 6, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Forts.
Fortification evolved along with man's need to defend
his territory from attack. From hills surrounded by
fences to walled cities to impenetrable castles, these
strongholds of the past echo the history of battles
for territorial control. Join us as we learn how, as
weaponry grew in sophistication, those walls came
tumbling down.

8-9pm -- Hit the Road - Route 66.
Route 66, encompassing eight states from Illinois to
California and 2,400 miles, represented an American
myth--that something better lay over the rainbow.
Today, one can trace its remnant along byways,
bridges, and abandoned roadside attractions. Route 66
began in the early 20th century when a confluence of
technologies--automotive, steel construction, and
concrete paving--merged with population explosion,
westward migration, and prosperity after WWI. The
federal government responded with highway bills that
converted existing roadways into an interstate called
Route 66. Later, WWII highlighted the need for a
strategic system similar to Germany's Autobahn--wider,
safer, and more advanced. As federal and state
governments worked on a superhighway, millions sought
"their kicks on Route 66." By 1985, the abandoned
roadway no longer "officially" existed, yet, it
remains a destination for nostalgic travelers wishing
to recapture a simpler, more adventurous era.
No relation to the movie Route 666

9-10pm -- Hit the Road - AutoManiac: Hot Rods.
An American pop-culture icon, the hot rod is revered
throughout the world. Stripped down and hopped up,
they began their automotive history as a Southern
California craze nearly a century ago, and are now
found racing on streets, dragstrips and dry lakes
everywhere. We'll explore the colorful history of
these speed demons--from the "souped up" Model Ts of
the 1920s and the Belly Tank Lakesters of the '40s and
'50s to today's Rat Rods and fiberglass reproductions.
We even take a ride in "Milner's Coupe", the hot rod
made famous in the 1973 film American Graffiti.

10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - The Autobahn.
Imagine a superhighway designed for speed...thousands
of miles of roadway unhindered by limits of any kind.
Buckle up for safety as we take you for the ride of
your life when we explore the fascinating history and
current reality of the world's fastest freeway. The
number-one works project of the Third Reich, the
Autobahn was known as Adolf Hitler's Road until
Germany's defeat in WWII. Reconstructed and extended
to more than four times its original size, it became a
symbol of the New Germany.


Thursday, July 7, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Bullets.
From "safe" bullets that stop hijackers but leave
aircraft unscathed to bullets that chain-saw through
steel and "smart" bullets computer-programmed to hit a
target, this explosive hour examines the evolution of
bullets from origin in the 1300s--stones and round
lead balls shot from iron and bamboo tubes. Lead balls
ruled until 1841 when a conical-shaped bullet changed
ammo forever. We learn how to construct a modern
cartridge, and at pistol and rifle ranges view
demonstrations of modern firepower.

8-9pm -- Hit the Road - Pacific Coast Highway.
For 25 years, construction crews dug, blasted,
tunneled, and bridged their way up America's West
Coast along the California, Oregon, and Washington
shoreline to build the Pacific Coast Highway.
Historians, road and bridge engineers, and experts
relate this story of perseverance, primal machines,
convict labor, and engineering brilliance as we tour
its scenic route. And we look at the latest
technologies used to keeping it running despite
floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, and landslides.

9-10pm -- Hit the Road - Golden Gate Bridge.
More than 50 years after its construction, the Golden
Gate remains one of the world's greatest engineering
marvels. It took 25-million man-hours and 80,000 miles
of cable to complete. But the cost in human life
proved even greater.

10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - St. Lawrence Seaway.
The St. Lawrence Seaway is a monumental stairway in
water, lifting massive ships hundreds of feet over
thousands of miles. It's the world's longest inland
waterway, a system of rivers, lakes, canals, dams, and
locks that stretches 2,400 miles. And it's one of the
greatest engineering triumphs of the 20th century,
pulled off against the violence of raging water and
extreme winter. An essential part of the commercial
infrastructure of the US and Canada, this complex
system provides direct access from the Atlantic to
North America's heartland, enabling ships packed with
trade to stop at any one its 65 ports--from Montreal
to Duluth. From the 16th century, when French explorer
Jacques Cartier searched for the legendary Northwest
Passage, to the modern Seaway, built in the 1950s, we
highlight the incredible engineering feats that went
into creating the waterway.


Friday, July 8, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Doomsday Tech 1.
Doomsday threats range from very real (nuclear
arsenals) to controversial (global warming) to
futuristic (nanotechnology, cyborgs, and robots).
Despite the Cold War's end, we live under the shadow
of nuclear weapons, arms races, and accidental
launches. Next, we stir up a hotter topic--the
connection between global warming and fossil
fuels--and ask if they're cooking up a sudden, new Ice
Age. And we examine 21st-century technologies that
typify the dual-edged sword of Doomsday Tech with
massive potential for both creation and
destruction--nanotechnology (engineering on a tiny
scale), robotics, and cybernetics. We witness amazing
applications in the works, wonder at the limitless
promise, and hear warnings of a possible
nano-doomsday, with tiny, out-of-control machines
devouring everything around them.

8-9pm -- Hit the Road - Ice Road Truckers.
During the harsh winter of Canada's Northwest
Territory, remote villages and work camps are cut off
from the world. To keep them supplied, a tenacious
group of long-haul truckers drive their rigs over
hundreds of miles on ice roads cut across the surface
of frozen lakes. Sometimes the ice cannot support the
heavy rig, and driver and cargo plunge through the ice
and sink to the bottom. Hitch a risky ride along with
the Ice Road Truckers as they drive headlong into
bone-chilling danger.

9-11pm -- Hit the Road - Motorcycles.
Set the sedan's safety brake and hop on your "hog" for
a 2-hour high-speed history of the motorcycle--from
the 1868 "steam velocipede" to the early 20th century,
when they were a low-cost alternative to automobiles;
from Harley-Davidsons preferred by Hell's Angels and
police to motocross riders who take bikes into the air
and onto the dirt. We also look to the motorcycle's
future, featuring Jay Leno's jet-propelled Y2K
sportbike and Erik Buell's bike-without-a-gas-tank


Saturday, July 9, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Future Tech.
A paper-thin, wall-sized holographic television...a
car that runs on processed army of
robotic killing machines...outer-space luxury resorts
and a cleaning droid controlled by your mind?
Buckle-up for safety as we race into the near
future--where fantasy becomes fact. There have always
been visionaries, futurists, and dreamers predicting
the world of tomorrow--flying cars, space-station
colonies, and android personal assistants. But time
has proven the fallacy of many of their predictions.
So what future technology can we realistically expect?
With the help of 3D animation, we present some pretty
far-out predictions and take you to various research
labs to see working prototypes of these technologies
in their infancy. Join us on a rollicking ride through
the entertainment room, down the road, over the
battlefield, through the mind, out in space, and into
the future, where science fiction becomes science
No relation to movie Back To The Future

8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - July 8 - July 14.
In Indochina, Chinese forces advance rapidly eastwards
and cut the last link between the Japanese army and
its garrison, while the US 3rd Fleet joins the attack
on Tokyo for the first time. In Berlin, US and British
troops take control of their allotted sectors from the
Red Army. In turn, the two countries agree to share
some control with the French. General Eisenhower
issues a farewell message to all Allied troops in
Europe. And our "Weapon of the Week" segment examines
the US Grumman F-6 Hellcat Naval Fighter-Bomber that
made its operational debut in the Pacific Theater on
August 31, 1943. Two years later, the Hellcat was
responsible for downing 5,174 enemy aircraft, nearly
75% of the US Navy's air-to-air kills. And we remember
the life of US Admiral Chester Nimitz, who as the
senior US naval officer during the war in the Pacific,
held more responsibility within his hands than anyone
else in American naval history.

9-12am -- Battle of the Bulge - 
Movie. Epic story of the Nazi war machine's last
desperate offensive. Henry Fonda, Robert Shaw, and
Charles Bronson star. (1965)


Sunday, July 10, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Death Devices.
The hangman, guillotine, gas chamber, firing squad,
and electric chair are just a few of the ways in which
societies have rid themselves of those who committed
capital crimes. And throughout history, a select few
have developed the devices that have carried out the
mandate of the people. This is the dark story of those
inventors and the macabre history of execution
mechanics--from the first "stone" of antiquity, the
dungeons of the Inquisition, and Nazi death camps to
today's sterile injection chambers--with a peek at the
future of death technology.

8-10pm -- The Dark Art of Interrogation - 
Today, espionage, terror, and psychological warfare
collide at specially-designed prisons like Guantanamo
Bay, where masters of information-gathering practice
the age-old art of interrogation. After 9/11, the US
and other countries initiated a new rationale about
use of elaborate psychological manipulation to ward
off world terrorism. Enter that shadowy world with
former CIA Agent Keith Hall, who defends his brutal
interrogation of a Lebanese terrorist suspect. Meet
Michael Koubi, an Israeli interrogator whose theatrics
and deception produce exceptional results. Special
Forces operative Bill Cowan explains how battlefield
interrogations in Vietnam helped save lives, and US
POWs describe the hell they endured. Former Afghan and
Pakistani occupants of Camp X-Ray and Palestinian
terrorist suspects also offer firsthand accounts.
Best-selling author Mark Bowden (Black Hawk Down)
guides us through a morally gray world the government
would rather you not enter.

10-11pm -- The Conquerors - Andrew Jackson: Conqueror
of Florida.
We don't often think of US Presidents as conquerors,
but the title fits Andrew Jackson. In 1817, President
James Monroe ordered then-General Jackson to stop
Seminole attacks in Georgia. Instructed not to violate
Spanish-controlled Florida unless in hot pursuit,
Jackson invaded anyway, overthrew the governor, seized
the military post St. Marks, and executed two British
citizens for inciting the Seminole. Along the way, he
seized runaway slaves and destroyed the so-called
"Negro Fort". Jackson's actions caused an
international incident, and while some called for his
head, demanding that he be removed from his post and
brought to trial, Monroe backed him. Within two years,
Spain ceded Florida to the US--and Jackson's conquest
was complete. Join us for a balanced look at both
sides of the conflict as we use location shooting and
state-of-the-art animation to support our


Monday, July 11, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Camouflage.
From ancient hunters' camouflage to computer-generated
digital pattern uniforms, we uncover the past,
present, and future of deception through disguise.
During an ambush exercise by US Marines, we learn that
camouflage came from natural coloration and patterns
of flora and fauna. The art of military camouflage
took off in WWI with the use of the airplane, when the
French learnt to hide from "eyes in the sky". It's a
world of shadows and smoke, where even cities
disappear through disguise.

8-9pm -- UFO Files - Area 51.
A mysterious, stark terrain, 90 miles north of Las
Vegas, goes by many names: The Box, Paradise Ranch,
Groom Lake, Watertown Strip, and Dreamland. But most
refer to the region as Area 51. Since the late 1950s,
an array of UFO sightings has been reported above its
skies. In 1989, revelations of Las Vegas resident Bob
Lazar brought Area 51 to national attention. Lazar
claimed to possess amazing inside information, but he
wasn't the first to state that something strange was
going on. Those who discount Lazar's theories think
the government kept its activities from the general
public for a more plausible reason. The base, built at
the Cold War's height, housed testing of cutting-edge
aviation technology. The cloak of secrecy was to keep
the Soviet Union in the dark, not the American public,
and experts expostulate that the government
perpetuated these theories to disguise its real

9-10pm -- Digging for the Truth - Quest for King
Solomon's Gold.
Of all the rulers mentioned in the Bible, King Solomon
was purportedly the wisest...and the richest! The
reason? His access to vast quantities of gold.
According to the Bible, the source of his legendary
wealth was the goldmines located in the mysterious
land of Ophir. Yet, what the Scriptures can't tell us
is where Ophir might be found today. Host Josh
Bernstein leads us on an epic 4,000-mile journey in
search of the lost gold of King Solomon--sailing
across the Red Sea, plunging down a Zimbabwean gold
mine, and traveling deep into the Ethiopian Bush.

10-11pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Sub War.
The U-2513 is what's known as a Type 21 German U-boat.
In the 1940s, the Type 21 was a secret weapon that
threatened to change the course of two wars: WWII, and
then later, the Cold War. During WWII, German hopes
were riding on it, and the Allies were terrified of
it. After the war, the British, Americans, and
Russians couldn't wait to get their hands on it. It
was a weapon that had the potential to change the
balance of world power and determine the outcome of
the Cold War. Join our Deep Sea Detectives, John
Chatterton and Richie Kohler, as they dive in over 200
feet of water some 95 miles offshore of Key West.
There they investigate the wreck of a one of WWII's
most significant naval innovations--a boat design that
changed history.


Tuesday, July 12, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Cannons.
Cannons have fired balls of iron and atomic bombs,
changed the way wars are fought, and now come equipped
with smart weapons. Beginning with 13th-century
cannons that were designed to penetrate forts of the
day, we'll see how cannons were first cast and later
forged, and show how large cannons terrorized
civilians and soldiers in WWI and WWII. Moving to the
present, we feature the 40-ton self-propelled Crusader
that launches 100-pound steel artillery shells more
than 33 miles.

8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Massacre Tech.
Mormons massacre a wagon train filled with overland
settlers. Horse thieves decimate a camp of Chinese
prospectors. Yavapai Indians slay a stagecoach full of
passengers. No stranger to the Old West, technology
often lent a helping hand to atrocity. From the swivel
gun of the 1830s to a makeshift armored car in 1914,
host David Carradine looks at the role technology
played in some of the most heinous crimes in Wild West

9-10pm -- Breaking Vegas - The Gadget Gambler.
Keith Taft was the last person you'd imagine as a
Vegas cheat--a deeply religious Baptist, director of
church choirs, and family man. But in fact, a
serendipitous visit to a Reno casino transformed Taft
into a "mad scientist" obsessed with beating
blackjack, who even enlisted his children as
accomplices. A creative gadget genius, Taft built
everything from LED eyeglasses to handheld lasers that
could mark cards from 15 feet away. Join us for a
riotous ride with one of the unlikeliest of casino
cheats in the driver's seat as we reveal the raucous
trials, outrageous close calls, exhilarating triumphs,
and tumultuous ups and downs of this odd clan of Vegas

10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Casino Technology.
Place your bets and join us for an exciting spin
through the history of the casino. We'll go behind the
neon lights, free drinks, and 24-hour gambling to see
how the gaming industry has evolved from a simple
house of cards to a high-tech multi-billion dollar


Wednesday, July 13, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Saloons.
From a ladle and tin cup in an 1850s mining camp and
Civil War tent saloons to Prohibition-era speakeasies,
we investigate the history of the American saloon, and
go behind-the-scenes at Billy Bob's, a 3-acre Texan
saloon, and a Los Angeles sports bar with a
computerized liquor-dispensing system. We see what it
took to create the elaborate carved bars, the purpose
of the brass foot-rail, the impact of refrigerated
railroad cars on beer supply, and the transformational
power of the bottle cap.

8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 10.
Disasters investigated include: the 1984 Union Carbide
debacle in Bhopal, India, where a toxic chemical
release killed 3,800 people and left 11,000 with
disabling respiratory ailments; and the 2003 sudden
collapse of a 10-story parking garage at the Tropicana
in Atlantic City, New Jersey that killed four and
injured 20. We find out why a series of structures in
Hutchinson, Kansas mysteriously caught fire and
exploded in 2001; and examine the 1933 construction of
a canal ordered by Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin that
later proved to be nearly useless and cost many lives.
And we get to the bottom of a maritime mystery, when a
tanker carrying non-explosive materials in San
Francisco Bay blew up in 1983.

9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 11.
Join us for look into five engineering disasters... A
dangerous cloud of gas explodes into Cleveland's worst
fiery industrial disaster in 1944, killing 128 people.
A dance competition turns deadly at the new Kansas
City Hyatt in 1981, when a skywalk gives way and kills
114. In 1995, neighbors gaped at the spectacle of a
$1.5-million San Francisco Bay area mansion breaking
into bits as it fell into a massive sinkhole during a
rainstorm. In 1931, one of the worst "natural"
disasters ever occurred in the Yangtze River basin
when six huge flood waves swept down the river
destroying the insufficient dams and levees and
killing at least 145,000 people. The "miracle mineral"
that the US was built upon turns out to be an
invisible killer--an estimated 10,000 people die each
year from asbestos-related diseases.

10-11pm -- Automaniac - Extreme Bikes.
They are motorcycles that appeal to a certain kind of
rider who wants a sleek, fast, and innovative ride.
Some were built for the wealthy and others for
speed-crazed racers. Each represented a new category
of motorcycle. We'll look at bikes ranging from the
1949 Vincent series "C" Black Shadow to Peter Fonda's
Easy Rider Harley-Davidson Chopper, to the 2004 Ducati
Monster S4R. These are extreme bikes for the extreme
rider. Strap on your helmet and hold on tight as we
take you on a wild tour through the history of these
amazing machines!


Thursday, July 14, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Jet Engines.
Strap on a parachute and soar through the saga of jet
propulsion, which radically transformed our world
since inception in WWII--from the Nazi's first
jet-powered aircraft to the U.S. F-22 jet fighter,
from the Concorde to tomorrow's scram-jet, a
hypersonic transport plane that switches to rocket
power outside earth's atmosphere!

8-9:30pm -- The Plot to Kill Nixon - 
For years, Samuel Byck, an out-of-work tire salesman,
led a secret life as a would-be assassin. His target:
President Richard M. Nixon. This 90-minute special
reveals the untold story in Byck's own words! Byck
left behind a 2-hour audiotape telling of his hatred
of Nixon and his elaborate plan to kill him. The FBI
and Secret Service now use this remarkable tape to
train their agents. In the early 1970s, Samuel Byck
devised a plan that involved hijacking a jet airliner
and crashing it into the White House in order to kill
President Nixon--the first time a commercial plane was
intended to be used as a weapon. Using his real voice,
this dramatic special recreates the bizarre story from
Byck's deranged point of view. In the end, we show
what really happened, and what prevented Byck from
reaching his target.

9:30-10pm -- History's Mysteries - Somebody Killed the
The President of the United States has the most
powerful job in the world. Even with a round-the-clock
guard, there's always the danger that a determined
assassin will get through. Since 1865, four presidents
have been killed: Abraham Lincoln, 1865; James
Garfield, 1881; William McKinley, 1901; and John F.
Kennedy, 1963. We examine these White House victims.

10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Dynamite.
Join us for a highly charged hour as we see why Alfred
Nobel's invention of dynamite took on earthshattering
dimensions as his product blasted out the natural
resources that built our modern world. We also examine
its impact on construction of the roads, tunnels, and
dams that provide us with energy and transportation.


Friday, July 15, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Poison.
Since ancient times, man has tried to control the "devil's
bounty"--deadly substances found throughout nature. Paradoxically,
some of these lethal compounds are now found to possess life-giving
properties. In this hour, we explore how ancient Egyptians, Greeks,
and Romans came to rely on the pernicious power of poisons and learn
the physiological action of these potent killers. During the
Renaissance, known as the Golden Age of Poison, the deadly practice
helped shape European history--most especially that of the Catholic
Church. We continue our investigation into the gas attacks of WWI and
up to the 21st century, when a new and serious threat of bioterrorism
plagues the globe. Finally, we peer into the future with scientists
experimenting with poisons and venoms from the plant and animal
kingdoms that may play an important part in healing diseases such as
arthritis and even cancer.

8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - July 15-21.
In Berlin, the Municipal Council begins confiscating property of
former Nazi party members. President Truman and Prime Minister
Churchill arrive in Potsdam, near Berlin, for the "Big Three"
conference of the US, Britain, and Soviet Union. In London, 2,000 days
of "Black Out" and "Dim Out" end as the West End turns on the lights
again. The US tests the first atomic bomb at New Mexico's Alamogordo
Bombing Range. In the Pacific, US navy ships launch an attack on
Japan's second biggest steelworks, Muroran, at Volcano Bay on the east
side of Hokkaido. At the same time, 1,000 carrier-based planes bomb
six of the island's main towns. And 600 B-29 Superfortress bombers
drop 4,000 tons of explosives on the Japanese cities of Choshi,
Hitachi, Fukui, and Okazaki. We also highlight the Father of the
Atomic Bomb. Nuclear physicist Robert Oppenheimer was director of the
Manhattan Project, the US top-secret atom bomb research program.

9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Deadliest Weapons.
In this fiery hour, we profile five of man's deadliest weapons,
focusing on the inventors, battles, and dark technology behind their
lethality. We begin with the deadliest bomb ever created, the Tsar
Bomba--a 50-megaton nuclear bomb with a yield thousands of times
greater than the one dropped on Hiroshima. During WWI, technological
advances in weaponry led to the deaths of over 8-million, and one of
the deadliest killers was the machine gun. In WWII, the use of
incendiary bombs killed hundreds of thousands of people. Another
deadly invention of WWII was the proximity fuse, or VT fuse, that
allowed artillery to detonate within a predetermined range of an enemy
target. Finally, we examine VX nerve gas, thought by many to be the
deadliest chemical agent ever created and suspected to have been used
by Saddam Hussein with devastating results. We'll visit Edgewood
Chemical BioCenter, which plays a large role in protection and
detection for our troops in Iraq.

10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - Armored Scout Car/Water-Cooled Machine
Gun/Fart Sack/Shuteye/U-boats/Stealth Ship: #33.
How effective were armored scout cars in WWII? What does it mean when
the term "water-cooled" is used with a machine gun? What's a fart
sack? How do modern troops grab some shuteye on the battlefield? Why
were the German U-boats of WWII so effective? Does the Navy really
have a ship that's invisible to radar? R. Lee Ermey answers these
viewer questions while on location with practical demonstrations by
military experts in the field.

10:30-11pm -- Mail Call - Submarine: #50.
R. Lee Ermey goes "underway" with the Navy's Pacific Fleet onboard the
nuclear attack submarine USS Salt Lake City. He demonstrates diving,
steering, and sonar--submarine basics; gets his hands on the torpedoes
and Tomahawk missiles that put the "attack" in a nuclear submarine;
and gets as close as he can to the heart of a nuclear sub--its
reactor. At program's end, Lee breaks bread with the crew, after
learning that the USS Salt Lake City just won the Navy's award for
Best Chow on any submarine.


Saturday, July 16, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Manhattan Project.
At 5:30 a.m., July 16, 1945, scientists and dignitaries awaited the
detonation of the first atomic bomb in a desolate area of the New
Mexico desert aptly known as "Jornada del Muerto" (Journey of Death).
Dubbed the Manhattan Project, the top-secret undertaking was tackled
with unprecedented speed and expense--almost $30-billion in today's
money. Los Alamos scientists and engineers relate their trials,
triumphs, and dark doubts about building the ultimate weapon of war in
the interest of peace.

8-10pm -- Isaac's Storm -
September 8, 1900. Galveston, Texas. A typically hot and humid day.
Women tended to chores; men traveled downtown to work, including Isaac
Cline, head of the National Weather Bureau's local office. Cline
believed the island was safe from hurricane, but by afternoon, a
Category-4 storm proved how wrong he was. In a 2-hour special based on
Erik Larson's book Isaac's Storm, weather experts, historians, and
survivors' descendents guide us through that horrific day that claimed
over 6,000.

10-12am -- Killer Storm -
October 1991--an unpredicted monster storm ravaged the US Atlantic
coast, unleashing its fury on land and sea. Unique in destructive
power and as a 100-Year Meteorological Event, its 114-hour rampage
posed daunting challenges to weather forecasting, emergency warning
agencies, and search and rescue teams as we see in this 2-hour
exploration of the events surrounding the savage storm.


Sunday, July 17, 2005

7-8pm -- Digging for the Truth - Quest for King Solomon's Gold.
Of all the rulers mentioned in the Bible, King Solomon was purportedly
the wisest...and the richest! The reason? His access to vast
quantities of gold. According to the Bible, the source of his
legendary wealth was the goldmines located in the mysterious land of
Ophir. Yet, what the Scriptures can't tell us is where Ophir might be
found today. Host Josh Bernstein leads us on an epic 4,000-mile
journey in search of the lost gold of King Solomon--sailing across the
Red Sea, plunging down a Zimbabwean gold mine, and traveling deep into
the Ethiopian Bush.

8-10pm -- The Mystery of the Afghan Gold -
The story of the discovery and loss of one of the most valuable
treasures known to man--Afghanistan's Bactrian Gold that dates back
2,000 years to the Kingdom of Bactria, conquered by Alexander the
Great in 327 BC. In 1978, a team of Russian and Afghan archaeologists
unearthed the Bactrian Gold. As Afghanistan fell into a downward
spiral of destruction, warring factions fought to possess the
treasure. Amidst the chaos, one man had the forethought to stash the
gold for a secret vault that could only be opened
with simultaneous application of seven keys, each sent to separate
corners of the world. However, after 23 years of warfare, experts
began to worry that the gold wasn't safe. And then the Taliban regime
began a barbaric hunt to wipe-out all cultural artifacts of its kind,
including demolition of the giant Buddhas of Bamiyan. In the end, the
US-led war on terror brought resolution to the mystery, one that
serves as a symbol of hope for the war-stricken nation.

10-11pm -- The Battle of Tripoli -
"From the halls of Montezuma to the shores of Tripoli." Everyone knows
the first line of the Marine's Hymn, but few are familiar with the
dramatic battle that inspired these famous words. We tell the
remarkable story of William Eaton and his heroic but outrageous plan
to overthrow the powerful Mediterranean nation of Tripoli and free 307
American hostages in 1805. Filmed aboard the USS Constitution in
Boston harbor and on location in Morocco, we relive the US Marine's
first battle on foreign soil.


Monday, July 18, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Concrete.
Invented by the ancient Romans, concrete is a relatively simple
formula that changed the world. Concrete has been used to divide an
entire country, as in the Berlin Wall, and to unite nations, as in the
Chunnel. We'll review the history of this building block of
civilization and look at modern applications.

8-10pm -- Taming the Wild West: The Legend of Jedediah Smith -
Most Americans have never heard of Jedediah Smith. Since the early
1800s, this forgotten legend has gathered dust like so many other
pioneers and explorers. Yet Smith's legacy significantly shaped the
course of American history. Smith achieved many firsts in his short
period of travels--the first white man to recognize the significance
of the South Pass in Wyoming, the only viable passage for wagons
through the Rockies; walk across the Great Basin in present day Utah;
travel from Southern California to Oregon by land; traverse the state
of Utah from north to south; and remarkably, the first white man to
travel from the east, overland into California. In this dramatic
2-hour special, we follow the life of Smith during the decade of the
1820s as he navigates the American West. It's a tale of clashing
cultures and dangerous encounters, bear attacks and violent battles
with many Indian tribes, and most of all the story of the journey of
an unsung American hero.

10-11pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - USS Perry.
September 14, 1944--the South Pacific. While clearing mines for the
Allied invasion of the Palau Islands, the USS Perry is rocked by a
huge explosion and immediately begins to list. All hands abandon ship
into open waters, drawing enemy fire from shore. Two days later the
Allied invasion begins and quickly becomes one of the bloodiest
battles of the Pacific Campaign--the Battle of Peleliu. Deep Sea
Detectives John Chatterton and Richie Kohler follow one survivor's
journey to find the USS Perry's final resting place...and try to bring
closure to an unfinished journey of their own.


Tuesday, July 19, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Oil Tankers.
The biggest moving objects ever built by man, oil tankers dominate the
world's waterways, both in size and numbers. Upwards of 10,000 strong,
the world tanker fleet's vast number results from the modern,
insatiable thirst for oil. We'll dig into the history of oil
transport--from Civil War days to the critical WWII years and
invention of the supertanker in the 1950s. And we examine the
financial impact of modifying these steel leviathans to prevent future
catastrophic environmental disasters.

8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Execution Tech.
Journey back to the days when justice was swifter than a saloon girl
on a Saturday night and examine the horrors of human design that
brought terror to the Old West. Sheriffs and judges, desperate to stop
the growing onslaught of outlaws, needed grisly technologies to punish
and deter murderers, rapists, and rustlers. Join the crowd of
onlookers who gathered at the grisly gallows to witness a man gaining
infamy at one end of the rope--and sometimes, immortality at the
other. Host: Keith Carradine.

9-10pm -- Shootout - D-Day: Fallujah.
November 2004--Fallujah, Iraq has become a viper pit. Over the last
six months, this once holy city has become the center of gravity for
the Iraqi insurgency with Al Qaeda terrorists and Islamic radicals
from across the Muslim world congregating here to resist the US
occupation. Many have come to martyr themselves and to take as many
coalition troops with them as possible. On November 8, six battalions
of US soldiers and Marines storm the city to kill the insurgents. It
will be the fight of their lives. With riveting and insightful
commentary from the men who sweated and bled on the dusty avenues of
Fallujah, this episode highlights the strategies, cutting-edge
technologies, and harrowing stories of mortal combat--many told here
for the first time--of the deadliest house-to-house street brawl since
the battle for Hue City, Vietnam. As one Marine tells us, if Fallujah
isn't hell, it's in the same zip code.

10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Extreme Aircraft.
Join us for a supersonic look at some of the most cutting-edge
aircraft ever developed--from the X-1 that first broke the sound
barrier to the X-43 Scramjet that recently flew at Mach 7. These
extreme aircraft have made their mark on aeronautical history, and
sometimes on political history as well. The U-2 and SR-71 spy planes
played a crucial role in the Cold War, and now Lockheed Martin's
top-secret "Skunkworks" division is touting the new "air dominance"
fighter plane-- the F/A-22 Raptor.


Wednesday, July 20, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The World's Biggest Machines.
Join us for a look at the biggest, heaviest, tallest, longest, meanest
machines on the planet! We'll see what these monsters do and how they
operate, and how they're designed and assembled. Machines investigated
include the largest draglines, excavators used in mining; the biggest
dump truck; a front-end loader with an 80-ton bucket and the largest
tires of any vehicle; the cruise ship, the Voyager of the Seas; a
240-foot tall wind generator; and a fusion reaction machine the size
of a football field.

8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Deadwood Tech.
Touted as one of the "liveliest and peculiar places west of the
Mississippi", in Deadwood, speculators, misfits, and cold-blooded
killers came together to stake their claim. Located in South Dakota's
Black Hills, in this raunchy, rip-roaring town, primitive technology
met bold innovations, commerce and corruption collided, and shootouts
were as common as the filth that filled the streets. We examine the
good, bad, and ugly technologies of the last and richest gold-rush
town, including stagecoaches and stagecoach robberies; bull whacking
and bull trains; gold counterfeiting; saw mills; smelter and cyanide
mills; electric marquees; and mortuary science. And we feature
forensic analysis of Wild Bill Hickok's death, and say howdy to a few
of Deadwood's other famous characters like Calamity Jane.

9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Cowboy Tech.
Today's cowboy plants one boot firmly in the traditions of the Old
West and the other in the world of modern technology. Beginning in the
19th century, the era in which the American cattle industry boomed, we
examine cowboy technology. Learn how North American cowboys converted
saddles, ropes, spurs, and other equipment originally developed by the
Spanish, into tools of the trade perfectly suited for the developing
cattle industry. And see how the invention of barbed wire
revolutionized the cowboy's world. Step into the 21st century with
today's cowboys who use computer chips, retinal scans, DNA evidence to
round up cattle rustlers, and high-tech digital-imaging devices to aid
in shoeing horses...and ride ATVs as often as their horses. In the
world of rodeo, witness today's cowboys as they utilize advanced
theories of genetics and artificial insemination in an attempt to
breed the perfect bucking bull.

10-11pm -- Automaniac - Pickups.
Built tough, rugged, and reliable, pickup trucks are the bad boys of
the automotive industry! Bigger, bolder, faster, and more popular than
ever, they promise to blaze a path in the 21st century. First forged
during hard times in America by Ford, Dodge, and Chevrolet, for nearly
a century, pickup trucks have borne burdens, carried hopes, and fueled
dreams. In this action-packed episode, we meet die-hard enthusiasts
who faithfully restore, trick out, customize, and modify any classic
model they can get their hands on.


Thursday, July 21, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Metal.
They constitute the very essence of the modern world; the cadence of
our progress sounds in the measured ring of the blacksmith's hammer.
From soaring skyscrapers and sturdy bridges to jet planes and rockets,
metals play a key role. Our journey begins before the Bronze Age and
takes us into the shiny future when new metal structures--engineered
at a molecular level to be stronger, lighter, and cheaper--shape human
progress, as they have since man first thrust copper into a fire and
forged a tool.

8-10pm -- The Little Big Horn: The Untold Story -
We'll look with fresh eyes at the infamous battle, using over two
decades of research by Dr. Herman J. Viola, Curator Emeritus at the
Smithsonian Institution, whose close friendship with Dr. Joseph
Medicine Crow, grandson of one of Custer's six Crow scouts, afforded
him unique access to the Native-American community's insights.

10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Silver Mines.
It was called the "mother lode", a deposit of silver so massive that
it would produce $300-million in its first 25 years of operation,
establish Nevada as a state, and bankroll the Union Army in the Civil
War. Named after an early investor, we'll see how the Comstock Lode,
discovered near Virginia City, proved to be a scientific laboratory
from which vast improvements in mining technology and safety were
pioneered, including innovations in drilling, ventilation, drainage,
and ore processing.


Friday, July 22, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Commercial Fishing.
Battered and fried or simply raw--seafood is a popular dish, no matter
how you serve it. Americans consume more than 5-billion pounds yearly,
an order that takes more than a fishing rod to fill and worries
conservationists. We follow the fish, the fishermen, and the science
trying to preserve fisheries for future generations--from ancient
ships on the Nile to a modern technologically sophisticated factory
trawler on the Bering Sea to the University of New Hampshire's
open-ocean aquaculture research project. And we witness a wide variety
of fishing methods--from gillnetting and longlining to lobster
trapping. Hop aboard and sail through time and around the globe as we
explore the harsh conditions of life at sea and experience firsthand
one of history's deadliest jobs. Brace yourself and feel the ice-cold,
salt spray on your face as we explore commercial fishing!

8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - July 22-28.
In Burma, 5,000 Japanese troops, trapped in the Pegu Hills, attempt to
make a break east towards the Sittang River; but only a small number
survives. In the Pacific, the biggest Allied naval re-supply operation
thus far begins. On Mindanao in the Philippines, all organized
Japanese resistance in the Sarangani Bay area ends and US forces start
mopping-up operations. At the Potsdam Conference, US President Truman
announces that the atom bomb will be used against the Japanese as soon
after August 3 as is possible. In New York, a US B-25 bomber is lost
in fog over the city and flies into the Empire State Building--killing
13 people die and injuring 26. And in this episode, we highlight the
long career of Winston Churchill, who became Prime Minister of Great
Britain on May 10, 1940-- the same day that Germany attacked France
and the Low Countries.

9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Edwards Air Force Base.
Examine the colorful history of the premier flight test center, and
America's most important aviation facility for more than 60 years,
Edwards Air Force Base in California. Every single aircraft to enter
the Air Force's inventory has been put through its paces at Edwards,
along with many Navy and Army aircraft as well. With unprecedented
access to several forgotten and abandoned facilities on the base, we
are guided by Richard Hallion, former chief historian for the US Air
Force. Today, Edwards continues to push the envelope. Among the many
cutting-edge projects currently being tested is the Airborne Laser,
designed to focus a basketball-sized spot of intense heat that could
destroy a ballistic missile.

10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - Military Pilot Training/Flak/Doolittle
Raid/One-Man Submarine/Military Radios: #36.
How do we train our military pilots? What is flak and what is the
origin of the word? How did the US pull off the daring Doolittle Raid
against the Japanese during WWII? Did the OSS really use a 1-man
submarine named Sleeping Beauty? What kind of radios are used in the
field by today's military? Does a foxhole radio really work? Shot on
location, R. Lee Ermey answers viewers' questions about military
methods and technology with practical demonstrations by military
experts in the field.

10:30-11pm -- Mail Call - Civil War Rifles/Sub Missile/Navy Divers'
Gear/Field Strip/the Bowie/Hedgechopper: #15.
R. Lee Ermey compares Civil War rifles from both sides; learns about
the first missile fired from the deck of a sub; compares the Navy's
Mark 21 deep-sea suit, used for depths as far as 300-feet below
surface, to "crush-proof" suits used in extreme missions that can go
almost 2,000 feet down; performs a field strip, breaking down a
weapon; finds out why the Bowie knife is so special; and explains the
evolution of a hedgechopper, used on tanks during D-Day.


Saturday, July 23, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Edison Tech.
He was the father of the future...electric lights, power systems,
motion pictures, recorded sound--even the tattoo pen. Life as we know
it would be inconceivable without the prodigious output of the Wizard
of Menlo Park, Thomas Alva Edison. His intense focus on his work came
with a hefty personal price, but his reward was a world forever
changed by his genius. Years after his death, Edison's effect is seen,
heard, and felt everywhere. We follow descendants of his
motion-picture camera to the tops of Earth's highest mountains, to the
bottoms of its deepest oceans, and even into outer space. We track his
innovations in recorded sound to CDs, iPods, sophisticated movie
sound, and satellite radio. And we illuminate his world of electric
light, powering the world and turning night into day. Along the way,
we discover a little Edison in corners of modern life less well-known
and even look at his failures. From the Internet to the stock market
to pay-per-view; the Wizard is everywhere.

8-9pm -- Breaking Vegas - Counterfeit King.
Counterfeiting coins isn't easy--it's an art form! Diameter,
thickness, magnetism, weight, design, even the precise mix of
alloys--every element of the coin must be perfectly replicated. That
means taking on the craftsmanship that the US Mint took years to
develop, including anti-counterfeiting marks like "hidden grooves" and
uniquely serrated edges. Most wannabe counterfeiters quickly realize
they're no match for the US Mint--and often satisfy themselves with
crude tokens that might stretch their winnings by a buck or two. But
not Louis Colavecchio...not by a long shot!

9-11pm -- Time Machine -
A 2-hour panoramic and global overview of the phenomenon known as Cosa
Nostra--from the mass immigration of Italians to the US at the end of
the 19th century up to the arrests in 2000 on the New York Stock
Exchange, where the Mafia was laundering money. What becomes evident
in a chain of stories depicting the most renowned "godfathers" is
their uncanny ability to act as political representatives of an
illegal state within the legal state and to exploit major cycles and
crises throughout history.


Sunday, July 24, 2005

7-8pm -- D-Days in the Pacific - Death at the Tideline.
D-Day--military-speak for start of an amphibious attack operation--has
become exclusive property of the Normandy invasion on June 6, 1944.
But there were more than a dozen D-Days in the Pacific, half of them
every bit the scale of Normandy, and one of them considerably greater
(Okinawa makes Normandy look like a family outing at the beach). In a
3-part overview of WWII Pacific storm landings, we examine the
sometimes disastrous, often brilliant learning curve of the
Japanese/American opponents. The series shows how we developed from
the shockingly inept and under-equipped landing on Guadalcanal to the
massive, specialized steamroller assaults of 1944-45. On a vast
battlefield, 98% ocean, over 1,600,000 men, Allied and Japanese, died
over four years fighting for pieces of land sometimes not bigger than
Central Park. In Part 1, we begin at the beginning--Guadalcanal in
'42--and follow the Marine assault on Tarawa in '43.

8-9pm -- D-Days in the Pacific - Closing the Jaws.
By the end of 1943, America's Pacific D-Days were being mounted with
new expertise and power. The enemy found himself in amphibious
pincers, with Admiral Nimitz attacking through the central Pacific and
General MacArthur thrusting from the southwest. MacArthur would
execute more Pacific D-Days than any other commander. But his landings
did not come against small atolls. He began, as do we in this episode,
with the reconquest of the immense island of New Guinea, where he had
been defending against the invading Japanese since the war's early
days, and cover activities up to the bloody assault on Peleliu.

9-10pm -- D-Days in the Pacific - The Final Graveyard.
With the capture of the Marianas, the US amphibious war had pierced
the inner defense ring of the Japanese Empire, and with MacArthur and
Nimitz poised to attack the Philippines and islands on the Japanese
doorstep, the enemy prepared a fight to the death--one too bloody for
America to bear. None of the warriors who fought their way across the
Pacific will ever slight the great Normandy D-Day. But in some 75
major amphibious operations, Pacific veterans showed the same valor on
landings every bit as vital and deadly. In this 3-part series, we at
last recognize the sacrifices and celebrate the heroes of all those
forgotten Pacific D-Days and render a salute long overdue.

10-11pm -- The Conquerors - Marshal Zhukov: WWII Conqueror of Berlin.
In April 1945, Stalin was in a hurry. The Americans had recently
crossed the Rhine and he was worried they might capture Berlin. To
speed up his campaign, he split command between Marshal Zhukov in the
center and Marshal Konev in the south triggering a race between his
most senior commanders--both eager to be credited with conquest of the
German capital. On April 15, Soviet forces launched one of history's
most powerful artillery barrages. But the Germans had withdrawn to
fortified positions on the Seelow heights further inland, having
learned of the imminent Soviet attack. It took Zhukov three days to
break the resistance, and his losses were devastating. Over 30,000
Soviet soldiers died compared to the 10,000 lost by the Germans. One
local witness remembers how the narrow paths leading through the
forest were piled high with corpses. It took the local population
months to clear the site. Even today, 1,000 corpses are found each
year in and around Berlin.


Monday, July 25, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Private Jets, Part 1.
From today's ultra chic, state-of-the-art private jets to Lockheed's
1957 Jetstar, this 2-part special investigates the history, the
luxury, and technology of America's corporate jets. We meet a few of
the men and women who pioneered them--Bill Lear, Clyde Cessna and his
nephews, Walter and Olive Beech.

8-9pm -- UFO Files - UFOs: Then and Now? Cause for Alarm.
Studies some of the most disturbing UFO sightings, including: a 4-day
extravaganza in 1952, when UFOs cruised the skies over the White
House; sightings in 1967 near a secret US/Canadian submarine detection
base; controversial events at the UK/US air base at Bentwaters,
England; and the military's Test Area 51 in Nevada.

9-11pm -- Decoding The Past - Beyond The Da Vinci Code.
Is it the greatest story ever told--or the greatest story ever sold? A
best-selling novel sparks a debate that could change Christianity
forever. Were Jesus and Mary Magdalene married and co-leaders of their
movement? Was Mary Magdalene, herself, the Holy Grail--the vessel said
to hold Jesus's blood--and mother of his descendants? Did the early
Church know this "truth" and deliberately mislead followers? Is there
a secret, ancient society, the Priory of Sion, which still protects
this bloodline? Have some of the most illustrious names in art and
science been members? These are some of the questions that Dan Brown's
best-selling novel The Da Vinci Code raises. We examine both sides of
the story--the conventional view of Christianity and the "alternate
history" proposed by Brown--so that viewers can decide.


Tuesday, July 26, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Extreme Trucks.
Hop into the cab for the ride of your life as we examine extreme
trucks, including: a jet truck that can travel 300 mph; the Baltimore
Technical Assistance Response Unit's mobile command truck; a garbage
truck with an articulated arm; a concrete pumper truck with
telescoping boom and pumping mechanism; and a 4-wheel-drive truck that
can convert from mower to street sweeper to backhoe to snow blower in
mere minutes. Learn how SWAT, bomb squad, HAZMAT, and crime scene
specialty trucks are built.

8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - The Road West.
During the 1800s, the road west in America was a dangerous path into
the unknown. As pioneers headed toward a new life, they faced
unpredictable weather, uneven trails, and sometimes unforgiving Native
Americans. Remarkable feats of engineering, such as blasting mile-long
tunnels or building a bridge to span 300 feet across a mighty river,
helped tame the frontier. Host David Carradine discovers the amazing
advances made by settlers and the technology they used to help them on
their journey into the vast wilderness.

9-10pm -- Shootout - Guadalcanal.
A small island in the southwestern Pacific, Guadalcanal was the place
the US chose to confront the Japanese on the ground for the first time
in WWII. Here, beginning in August 1942, Americans and Japanese were
brought face-to-face in close-quarter shootouts that became a turning
point of the war. From the near-total annihilation of Colonel Frank
Goettge's intelligence patrol to the battles of Bloody Ridge, both
sides learned what the other was made of. The Japanese were willing to
fight to the death, and the Americans were eager to offer them that
chance. The victory ultimately belonged to the US, but in the
man-on-man struggles that characterized the campaign, winning or
losing became personal and the difference between survival and death.
Experience the thick of battle from the perspective of soldiers from
both sides.

10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 13.
In this hour, death seeps out of the ground into a neighborhood
sitting on a toxic waste dump at Love Canal in New York; soldiers die
during Desert Storm in 1991 when software flaws render Patriot
Missiles inaccurate; on September 11, 2001, World Trade Center
Building #7 wasn't attacked, but seven hours after the Twin Towers
collapsed, it too is mysteriously reduced to a pile of rubble; a night
of revelry in Boston turns the Cocoanut Grove nightclub into an
inferno that kills over 400 people in 1942; and the science of
demolition is put to the test and fails when a building in Rhode
Island, the "Leaning Tower of Providence", stands its ground.


Wednesday, July 27, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Engines.
Story of the development of engines and motors, with particular
emphasis on the ones that have profoundly changed society. Beginning
with the steam engine, we see how it was created, how it works, and
how it led to the Industrial Revolution. We review the electric motor,
internal combustion engine, jet engine, and rocket engine, and
conclude with a look at futuristic engine technologies, including
hydrogen-powered cars and microtechnology engines so small that they
fit on the tip of a finger.

8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Bathroom Tech.
From tub to toilet to toothpaste, here's everything you ever wanted to
know about the most used and least discussed room in the house. From
the first home bathrooms in ancient India, Roman latrines, and bizarre
Victorian-era bath contraptions, to modern luxurious master bathroom
suites, we trace the history of bathing, showering, and oral hygiene.
And we reveal the messy truth about what was used before toilet
paper--brainchild of the Scott Brothers of Philadelphia--and why
astronauts wear diapers.

9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Sewers.
A simple flush and it's forgotten. But haven't you secretly wondered
where it all goes when we go? Join us as we explore this
less-than-polite topic, and examine the network of underground pipes
and tunnels that carries human waste and excess storm water away. From
ancient Rome's pristine sewage-conveying systems, through the
disease-spreading, out-the-window system of Europe in the Middle Ages,
and into the progressive sanitation engineering of the 19th and 20th
centuries, we go with the flow of sewage history. And we sift through
the flotsam and jetsam of our cities' sewer systems and delve into the
sewers of Paris, Boston, and Los Angeles to study waste management's
evolution. We meet a sewer diver (and his robotic counterpart) who
inspects and ensures the efficient operation of the conduits; decipher
the myths about "treasures" and creatures found in the murky depths;
and find out exactly where it goes, how it gets there, and how we've
learned to use it to our benefit.

10-11pm -- Automaniac - Cop Cars.
Shocking sirens, flashing lights, and hair-raising speeds. These
4-wheeled predators prowl the urban and ritual roadways of America,
hunting down speed demons and cold-blooded killers. They're Cop
Cars--some of the highest performance vehicles on the road. We'll
inspect under the hoods, trunks, and on the consoles to reveal an
evolution in cop car technology. From the primitive paddy wagon to
today's state-of-the-line sedans, we'll take you on a wild ride in
some of the most popular police cars ever made.


Thursday, July 28, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Gasoline.
Traces the history and evolution of the world's most important fossil
fuel. Without gasoline, modern life would grind to a halt. Americans
use about 360-million gallons of gas every day. And though most of us
could not function without gas, very few understand what it really is,
how it is made, what all those different octane numbers really mean,
and how researchers developed cleaner-burning gasoline. All these
questions will be answered as we look at the history of this "supreme"

8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Icebreakers.
They are the toughest ships in the water, plowing headlong into one of
nature's hardest obstacles. Modern icebreakers can smash through
10-foot thick ice sheets without stopping, allowing scientists and
commercial shipping access to some of Earth's most inhospitable spots.
Join our blustery journey as we patrol the Great Lakes on the USCG
Cutter Mackinaw and traverse the infamous Northwest Passage on the
maiden voyage of the USCG Healy, the newest Polar Class Icebreaker in
the US Fleet.

9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Sub Zero.
Come in from the cold while we explore some of Earth's most frigid
places and examine how man copes with sub-zero climates. With the
advance of technology, our boundaries have expanded--from the North
and South Poles, to the depths beneath the Arctic and Antarctic sea
ice, to the Moon, Mars, and outward to Saturn. Enter these forbidding
territories, guided by a special breed of experts as we inspect the
new US South Pole Station, try on the latest Polartec fashions with
anti-microbial fibers, ride on the newest snowmobiles and Sno-Cats,
sail through glacial waters on ice-breaking ships, and fly on an
LC-130 transport plane. And we'll see what NASA has on the planning
board for deep-space exploration, including a beach-ball robot
explorer, and learn from scientists studying fish in the waters off
Antarctica to understand glycoproteins, which may keep frozen tissue
healthy longer for transplantation.

10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Desert Tech.
It's hot, dry, deadly, and hard to ignore with close to 40% of Earth
classified as desert. But in this scorching hour, the desert turns
from barren wasteland into an environment rich with hope. In the
Middle East, desalination of seawater now fills water needs. Americans
have created booming desert communities like Las Vegas, where the
Hoover Dam produces hydroelectric power and manmade Lake Mead supplies
water. Native Americans farmed the desert on a small scale, but
20th-century technology begot greater opportunity. Once desolate areas
of California and Mexico now grow agriculture due to irrigation, and
the desert's abundant sunshine allows solar-energy and wind-power
production. And in the future, desert technology may enable
colonization of planets like Mars. We also take a look at how
refrigeration and air conditioning have made life in desert
communities tolerable, and examine the latest in survival gear and


Friday, July 29, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Limos.
Limousines have been stretched to greater and greater lengths--as has
the notion of what can be done inside them! You can have a rolling
disco in a stretched SUV, go for a rumble off-road in a monster truck
limousine, or take a direct hit in an armored limo and still make your
meeting. So, sit back, relax, and enjoy the ride of your life as we
review the history of chauffeured limousines--from weddings, proms,
and funerals to the ultimate adult playpen and the president's
"Cadillac One".

8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - July 29-August 4.
Allied naval and air forces target Japanese aircraft factories at
Hamamutsu and southern Honshu. In China, mines dropped from Allied
planes halt Japanese shipping on the Yangtze River. In Burma, Japanese
resistance crumbles as the Allies triumph in the Battle of the
Breakthrough. A Japanese submarine sinks the US heavy cruiser
Indianapolis in the Philippines. In Germany, the Potsdam Conference
draws to a halt. The "Big Three"--the US, Britain, and Soviet
Union--agree to limit German industrial growth and transfer certain
territories in the country's east to Poland and the Soviet Union. The
German industrial war machine is to be broken up and reparations paid
to the Allies. Finally, Stalin agrees that the Soviet Union will join
in the war against Japan on a date yet to be fixed. We also take a
look at the US Douglas A-26 Invader Medium Bomber, and feature the
life of Clement Attlee, who took over from Winston Churchill as
British prime minister in July 1945.

9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Challenger Tank.
When this 60 tons of high-tech military hardware rumbles onto the
battlefield at nearly 40 mph, there's nowhere for the enemy to hide.
Behind its impenetrable armor lies one of the most effective
computerized weapons systems. Its main weapon--an awesome 120mm rifled
gun that can take out a football-sized moving target three miles away.
Men who serve in this metallic monster claim the hard-hitting warhorse
is the world's best battle tank. An underdog during military
competitions in the late 1980s, the Challenger proved itself in
Operation Desert Storm and was back in action for Operation Iraqi
Freedom. Unique archive film, riveting reenactments, extraordinary
interviews, and dramatic computer graphics tell the story of this
British battlefield heavyweight and the men who have taken it into the
heat of battle.

10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - Navy SEALs/Frogmen/Kettering
Bug/Warthog/Afrika Korps Gear/Jerry Cans: #48.
R. Lee Ermey teams up with Navy SEALs to demonstrate their weapons;
reviews the history of the Navy's fierce frogmen; and goes back to
1918 to view the world's first cruise missile--the Kettering
Bug--designed by Charles Kettering and Orville Wright. At Tallil Air
Base in Iraq, he shows why the A-10 Thunderbolt (a.k.a. Warthog) is
the world's best tank killer, learns about Rommel's Afrika Korps'
advanced weapons in WWII, and why gasoline storage containers are
called Jerry Cans.

10:30-11pm -- Mail Call - Javelin Anti-Tank Missile/Tankgewehr
1918/P-3 Orion/SOG: #59.
Gunnery Sergeant R. Lee Ermey learns how our troops stick it to enemy
tanks with the Javelin anti-tank missile and looks back at the first
anti-tank rifle, the massive bolt-action Tankgewehr 1918. Next, it's
out to the open ocean for a little submarine hunting in the Navy's P-3
Orion aircraft and a look back at sub hunting planes of WWII. Finally,
it's into the heart of the jungle to discover the weapons, gear, and
tactics used by the Studies and Observations Group (SOG) during the
Vietnam War.


Saturday, July 30, 2005

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Sewers.
A simple flush and it's forgotten. But haven't you secretly wondered
where it all goes when we go? Join us as we explore this
less-than-polite topic, and examine the network of underground pipes
and tunnels that carries human waste and excess storm water away. From
ancient Rome's pristine sewage-conveying systems, through the
disease-spreading, out-the-window system of Europe in the Middle Ages,
and into the progressive sanitation engineering of the 19th and 20th
centuries, we go with the flow of sewage history. And we sift through
the flotsam and jetsam of our cities' sewer systems and delve into the
sewers of Paris, Boston, and Los Angeles to study waste management's
evolution. We meet a sewer diver (and his robotic counterpart) who
inspects and ensures the efficient operation of the conduits; decipher
the myths about "treasures" and creatures found in the murky depths;
and find out exactly where it goes, how it gets there, and how we've
learned to use it to our benefit.

8-9pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Damn the Torpedoes.
The Tecumseh was an iron-hulled, single-turret monitor, similar in
design to the famous USS Monitor. In August 1864, she was in the
vanguard of a monitor flotilla that spearheaded the Federal attack on
Mobile Bay. The Confederate defense centered on their shore batteries
and the CSS Tennessee, a powerful ironclad ram. As Tecumseh tacked to
engage the attacking Tennessee, she suddenly listed, as an explosion
erupted beneath the hull. Tecumseh sank quickly with all crewmen.
Conventional wisdom and navy records indicated a "torpedo"--an
underwater mine--caused the explosion. Others believe this could have
been the work of the shore-based artillery, while still others believe
it was a Confederate submarine. Join our veteran divers as they try to
solve the mystery.

9-11pm -- Punishment -
The definition and exercise of criminal punishment has changed
dramatically during the course of history. From execution by wild
animals during ancient Greek and Roman times, to religious torture
during the Inquisition using the most perverse instruments ever
devised, to the cruel and unusual punishments meted out by many
nations to this day, we trace the often ironic history of man's
perverted and creative attempts to bring about a more "humane"


Sunday, July 31, 2005

7-8pm -- Cannibals - Part 1.
Steeped in controversy, human cannibalism both fascinates and
repulses. Many anthropologists argue that cannibalism is an
instinctive part of human nature; that it was an institution in many
ancient cultures; that people will turn to cannibalism without
reservation in a survival situation; and that our very bones are
imprinted with evidence that we are creatures who eat our own. Other
experts vehemently disagree, questioning eyewitness accounts and
taking issue with what archaeologists claim is hard scientific
evidence. This 2-part special gets to the heart of the debate by
investigating both well-known and little-known scenarios in which
humans may have resorted to eating other humans.

8-9pm -- Cannibals - Part 2.
Throughout history, humans have resorted to cannibalism for a variety
of reasons...some men have actually killed for the flesh that saved
them, while others seized the opportunity presented by the deaths of
starving companions. Some believe that humans have used cannibalism to
intimidate enemies. And history proves that there have been those who
have even eaten the flesh of family to convey love and respect. Does
all of this suggest that our species has a propensity for devouring
human flesh? Though tabooed and repugnant to most, the fact remains
that some of us have chosen to consume our own species. Join us as we
explore why.

9-10pm -- Snackfood Tech -
Extruders, molds, in-line conveyor belts. Are these machines
manufacturing adhesives, plastics, or parts for your car? No, they're
making treats for your mouth--and you will see them doing their
seductively tasty work in this scrumptious episode. First, we visit
Utz Quality Foods in Hanover, Pennsylvania, that produces more than
one million pounds of chips per week, and Snyder's of Hanover, the
leading US pretzel manufacturer. Next, we focus on the world's largest
candy manufacturer, Masterfoods USA, which makes Milky Way, Snickers,
Mars, and M&Ms, and take a lick at the world's largest lollipop
producer, Tootsie Roll Industries. And at Flower Foods' Crossville,
Tennessee plant, an army of cupcakes rolls down a conveyer belt. The
final stop is Dreyer's Bakersfield, California plant, where 20,000 ice
cream bars and 9,600 drumsticks roll off the line in an hour.

10-11pm -- Cereal: History in a Bowl -
Move over pancakes, step aside bacon! Cereal is arguably the true
breakfast king, a $9-billion industry with an indisputable place in
pop-culture history. Full of surprise, nostalgia, and fascinating
facts, our special celebrates the colorful--and crunchy--saga of a
distinctly American breakfast. Beginning 10,000 years before Cocoa
Puffs, we cover the early history of cultivating wheat, oats, and
other wild grasses, and follow the evolution of this food staple
through to today. We see how a Presbyterian
minister-turned-health-food-fanatic--Sylvester Graham, of "Graham
cracker" fame--turned his countrymen from fried pork breakfasts to
grain- and bran-heavy diets in 1824. We reveal the rivalries, tricks,
and accidents that turned cereal into a breakfast sensation. And we
examine the amazing feats of marketing used to promote the
product--from creating iconic characters for packaging, to ingenious
prizes that drove consumers to the shelves in droves.

For info on UFOs, check out the interview on MonsterVision's Mars Attacks page

Watch Mailcall or drop and give me 20 Watch Mail Call every week if you know what's good for you, scumbag,
hosted by R. Lee Ermey of Full Metal Jacket
(movie available on video and DVD)

Wild West Tech hosted by David Carradine on the History Channel, some episodes narrated by Keith Carradine

Previous History Channel primetime listings:

January 2005
Hellcats of the Navy December 2004
January 2004

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* Congressman Gary Condit (D), who reportedly told police he'd had an affair with Levy, is no longer considered to be a suspect in the case. Condit lost his bid for re-election in the Democratic Primary of 2002.

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