Friday, July 1, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- History Alive - Birth of the Republic. The longest war in American history before Vietnam concludes on October 19, 1781, with General Cornwallis's surrender to Washington at Yorktown. Two years later, the diplomatic battle ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. The concluding episode also explores what became of the men who waged the war. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Soviet UFO Secrets Revealed. In an investigation of some of the most puzzling UFO sightings in Soviet history, we uncover the work of an underground network of believers and reveal a clandestine 13-year government investigation of UFOs. Many Russian UFO enthusiasts believe that proof of alien encounters exists--but it's being hidden from them! We also meet George Knapp, an American broadcast journalist who traveled to Russia in the early 1990s and believes there's a treasure trove of KGB UFO files that remain top-secret. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Secrets of Soviet Space Disasters. An investigation into one of the 20th century's most shocking hidden stories--the dismal failure of the Soviet space program, which led to more than 150 recorded deaths. Much has come to light from declassified files. We see how personal rivalries, shifting political alliances, and bureaucratic bungling doomed the program. 10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - Claymore Mine/1st U.S. Nuclear Sub/Resupply At Sea/Patriot Air Defense Missile: #34. R. Lee Ermey demonstrates the claymore anti-personnel mine--a favorite weapon for perimeter defense in Vietnam that's still in use--and checks out the medieval claymore--a 16th-century sword used by Scottish warriors. Other viewer questions Lee addresses include: America's first nuclear-powered submarine; how naval vessels resupply at sea; if the Patriot Missile performs better now than in the first Gulf War; the origin of the name for the rhythmic cadence songs used while drilling or running. 10:30-11pm -- Mail Call - F-15 Eagle/Flying Platform/Atomic Annie/Army Missiles/Tommy Gun v. Burp Gun/Bullets: #37 R. Lee Ermey rides in an F-15 Eagle, courtesy of the Oregon Air National Guard--and proudly returns all three of his airsickness bags empty! Find out about a wacky single-man vertical flight machine tested in the 1950s--the Hiller Flying Platform; Atomic Annie, a howitzer that fired both conventional and nuclear warheads; why the Army controlled missile programs in the 1940s and '50s; which WWII submachine gun was better, the US Tommy Gun or German Burp Gun; and the terms used to measure bullets. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, July 2, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- The Color of War - Anchors Aweigh. For the sailors who fought in World War II, combat at sea differed radically from any previous conflict. The jobs they performed were far more complex and technically more demanding than ever before, and the threats they faced were much more lethal. Utilizing vivid color film and photographs unearthed from archives and personal collections, along with firsthand accounts from veterans, we recall the remarkable true stories of these sailors and the battles they fought. Peter Coyote narrates. 8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - July 1-7. In the Great Sundra Islands, 33,000 Australian troops land at Balikpapan, while three escort carriers provide naval support. The Allies now control one of the richest oil-producing areas in Asia. In Berlin, the first US occupation troops arrive as Allied forces hold a victory parade. Meanwhile, rumors circulate that Hitler is still alive. In Manila, US General Douglas MacArthur declares the Philippines free from Japanese occupation. In Britain, Prime Minister Winston Churchill loses the General Election to the Labour Party led by Clement Atlee. But the results are not known for another three weeks. We also take a look at the US Curtis P-40 Kittyhawk and its important combat role under General Chennault against the Japanese in China. By the summer of 1945, USAF Major-General Claire Chennault--known as "Old Leather Face"--was in command of a combined wing of the Chinese and US air forces. 9-10pm -- The Color of War - Fueling the Fire. During WWII, the leaders of the US military challenged themselves to create the most advanced supply system in the history of warfare. The servicemen who fought the supply war played a critical, and under-appreciated, role in achieving victory. Without them the Allied war machine would have ground to a halt. Peter Coyote narrates this compelling journey into WWII through the eyes of those who lived it, using color film and photographs unearthed from archives and personal collections. 10-11pm -- The Color of War - Face to Face. Five out of every six men serving in WWII never saw combat, serving instead in the vast support services. But the men who were at the front lived through some of the greatest horrors of the human experience. For them, survival was all--surviving getting to the front, surviving attack, surviving combat. This episode reveals their constant struggle to stay alive. Peter Coyote narrates this compelling journey into WWII through the eyes of those who lived it, completely in color. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, July 3, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Secret Luftwaffe Aircraft of WWII - German military aircraft designs were decades ahead of their Allied counterparts. To insure Luftwaffe superiority, their designers tested advanced concepts including swept-wing and vertical take-off aircraft and stealth bombers. Using computer-generated images and archival footage, we trace development of Hitler's airborne arsenal. 8-9pm -- Secret Russian Aircraft of WWII - History has overlooked the unimaginable hardships Russian designers faced under the paranoid rule of Josef Stalin. Frequent purges represented a constant threat. Yet, in spite of the ever-present danger, Soviet aircraft designers mastered technical hurdles astonishing even by today's standards. This hour features extensive archive images of never-before-seen aircraft and the designers who brought them to life. The innovative aircraft profiled include a swept-wing Delta aircraft design; a rocket-powered fighter; a long distance fixed-wing aircraft with features later incorporated in the U-2 spyplane; a flying tank prototype; a submarine-bomber combination; and a canard-wing aircraft. And we highlight remarkable aircraft launched after Stalin's death in 1953, like the delta-winged supersonic Concordski and the world's largest plane, the Antonov 124 Ruslan. 9-10pm -- Secret Allied Aircraft of WWII - At WWII's outset, US and UK military aircraft designs were woefully behind Germany's and Japan's technologically superior planes. But the genius and ingenuity of innovators on both sides of the Atlantic closed the gap. For America, it was a handful of visionaries and their teams; for Great Britain, a creative and thoughtful spirit emanated from the top leadership on down. In this hour, we recount the untold stories of their cutting-edge designs and solutions, some of which proved decades ahead of their time. 10-11pm -- The Conquerors - General Howe: Conqueror of New York. As the American Revolution unfolded, English King George III sought to put down the rebellious colonies by sending one of his most talented and respected generals to fight and conquer the insurrectionists--General William Howe. Arriving in June 1776, Howe amassed his forces and then, in August, soundly defeated General George Washington at the Battle of Long Island in a brilliant tactical display. The victory provided England with the most strategically critical position in America--New York City. By controlling New York, Howe held the center of American finance, the largest port in the colonies, and the vital commercial gateway to the interior--the Hudson River. We'll see how Howe's success in New York served to strengthen the English cause and prolong the war. ____________________________________________________ Monday, July 4, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 6-8pm -- Ben Franklin - Meet Dr. Benjamin Franklin--a far more complex figure than the squeaky-clean, larger than life Founding Father whose grandfatherly visage graces the hundred dollar bill. Inventor, politician, writer, businessman, scientist, diplomat--that, of course, is the mythic, legendary Ben Franklin. But it's not the only Ben Franklin. By his own admission, Franklin had more than his share of shortcomings and failures. Photographed largely on location in Philadelphia in High Definition, and featuring in-depth interviews with biographers and historians, as well as liberal doses of Franklin's own, often humorous observations, the special allows viewers to "walk" in Franklin's footsteps. In this vivid portrait, we meet an earthy, brilliant, and flawed Franklin that one biographer believes would feel right at home in today's world. 8-10pm -- Tora, Tora, Tora: The Real Story of Pearl Harbor - December 7, 1941, was an historical turning point--the world was forever changed after the fateful Japanese attack against the US fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. It resulted from a combination of interrelated and complicated factors--and at any point, the dangerous operation could have been called off before its commander radioed back the code words "Tora, Tora, Tora" (Tiger, Tiger, Tiger), which meant complete surprise had been achieved. Here is the real story of the "Day of Infamy". 10-11pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Secret Allied Trap. On December 11, 1941, Adolf Hitler declared war on the United States. Among his stated reasons was that "[Roosevelt] ordered the German ships Phrygia, Idarwald, and Rhein to be shadowed by American ships until these steamers were compelled to scuttle themselves." Over six decades later, our Deep Sea Detectives John Chatterton and Richie Kohler dive a sunken wreck off Florida's coast and discover it is the Rhein, one of Hitler's lost merchant ships. Chatterton and Kohler track the twisting tale of its sinking--from cryptic newspaper reports to official US deck logs that appear to be missing important information. Along the way, they reveal the actions of an officially neutral US government in the tense period prior to her entry into WWII. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, July 5, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Alaskan Oil Pipeline. In 1973, a desperate America, starved by an OPEC embargo, began construction on an 800-mile lifeline for its insatiable oil hunger. We'll examine this technological triumph, built over impenetrable mountains and tundra, where temperatures drop to 75 below zero. We also study its impact on a fragile ecological system. 8-9pm -- Hit the Road - Mountain Roads. Join our journey along monumental feats of engineering that preserved America's natural wonders while paving the way towards her future. Travel the Donner Pass in the Sierra Nevada Mountains, site of a dark chapter in US history. Today, crews use the latest technology to keep I-80 open during the worst winter storms. Enjoy the view while traveling to the summit of Pike's Peak in Colorado, inspiration for America the Beautiful. The "Going-to-the-Sun-Road" slices through Montana's majestic Glacier National Park, crossing the Continental Divide and allowing motorists unsurpassed views of mountain scenery. Outside Denver, the Eisenhower Memorial Tunnel, carved through mountain rock, united eastern and western Colorado. And the Blue Ridge Parkway, which took 52 years to complete, snakes through large, scenic swatches. Its roads, bridges, tunnels, and viaduct connect the Southeast region and bring nature close to 20-million motorists yearly. 9-10pm -- Hit the Road - Paving America. The story of the construction of our grand national highway system, from its beginnings in 1912 (it was conceived by auto and headlight tycoons) to its completion in 1984 (when the last stoplight was removed--and buried). 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Mackinac Bridge. Until recently, the Mackinac Bridge was the longest suspension bridge in the world. One of the top engineering marvels of the 20th century, the bridge spans the 4-mile wide straits of Mackinac, where Lakes Huron and Michigan come together. The Mighty Mac connects the pastoral northern mainland of Michigan with the state's heavily forested Upper Peninsula and stands as a testament to the dreams, determination, and hard work of a small few who created a true masterpiece of modern engineering. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, July 6, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Forts. Fortification evolved along with man's need to defend his territory from attack. From hills surrounded by fences to walled cities to impenetrable castles, these strongholds of the past echo the history of battles for territorial control. Join us as we learn how, as weaponry grew in sophistication, those walls came tumbling down. 8-9pm -- Hit the Road - Route 66. Route 66, encompassing eight states from Illinois to California and 2,400 miles, represented an American myth--that something better lay over the rainbow. Today, one can trace its remnant along byways, bridges, and abandoned roadside attractions. Route 66 began in the early 20th century when a confluence of technologies--automotive, steel construction, and concrete paving--merged with population explosion, westward migration, and prosperity after WWI. The federal government responded with highway bills that converted existing roadways into an interstate called Route 66. Later, WWII highlighted the need for a strategic system similar to Germany's Autobahn--wider, safer, and more advanced. As federal and state governments worked on a superhighway, millions sought "their kicks on Route 66." By 1985, the abandoned roadway no longer "officially" existed, yet, it remains a destination for nostalgic travelers wishing to recapture a simpler, more adventurous era. No relation to the movie Route 666 9-10pm -- Hit the Road - AutoManiac: Hot Rods. An American pop-culture icon, the hot rod is revered throughout the world. Stripped down and hopped up, they began their automotive history as a Southern California craze nearly a century ago, and are now found racing on streets, dragstrips and dry lakes everywhere. We'll explore the colorful history of these speed demons--from the "souped up" Model Ts of the 1920s and the Belly Tank Lakesters of the '40s and '50s to today's Rat Rods and fiberglass reproductions. We even take a ride in "Milner's Coupe", the hot rod made famous in the 1973 film American Graffiti. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - The Autobahn. Imagine a superhighway designed for speed...thousands of miles of roadway unhindered by limits of any kind. Buckle up for safety as we take you for the ride of your life when we explore the fascinating history and current reality of the world's fastest freeway. The number-one works project of the Third Reich, the Autobahn was known as Adolf Hitler's Road until Germany's defeat in WWII. Reconstructed and extended to more than four times its original size, it became a symbol of the New Germany. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, July 7, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Bullets. From "safe" bullets that stop hijackers but leave aircraft unscathed to bullets that chain-saw through steel and "smart" bullets computer-programmed to hit a target, this explosive hour examines the evolution of bullets from origin in the 1300s--stones and round lead balls shot from iron and bamboo tubes. Lead balls ruled until 1841 when a conical-shaped bullet changed ammo forever. We learn how to construct a modern cartridge, and at pistol and rifle ranges view demonstrations of modern firepower. 8-9pm -- Hit the Road - Pacific Coast Highway. For 25 years, construction crews dug, blasted, tunneled, and bridged their way up America's West Coast along the California, Oregon, and Washington shoreline to build the Pacific Coast Highway. Historians, road and bridge engineers, and experts relate this story of perseverance, primal machines, convict labor, and engineering brilliance as we tour its scenic route. And we look at the latest technologies used to keeping it running despite floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, and landslides. 9-10pm -- Hit the Road - Golden Gate Bridge. More than 50 years after its construction, the Golden Gate remains one of the world's greatest engineering marvels. It took 25-million man-hours and 80,000 miles of cable to complete. But the cost in human life proved even greater. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - St. Lawrence Seaway. The St. Lawrence Seaway is a monumental stairway in water, lifting massive ships hundreds of feet over thousands of miles. It's the world's longest inland waterway, a system of rivers, lakes, canals, dams, and locks that stretches 2,400 miles. And it's one of the greatest engineering triumphs of the 20th century, pulled off against the violence of raging water and extreme winter. An essential part of the commercial infrastructure of the US and Canada, this complex system provides direct access from the Atlantic to North America's heartland, enabling ships packed with trade to stop at any one its 65 ports--from Montreal to Duluth. From the 16th century, when French explorer Jacques Cartier searched for the legendary Northwest Passage, to the modern Seaway, built in the 1950s, we highlight the incredible engineering feats that went into creating the waterway. ____________________________________________________ Friday, July 8, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Doomsday Tech 1. Doomsday threats range from very real (nuclear arsenals) to controversial (global warming) to futuristic (nanotechnology, cyborgs, and robots). Despite the Cold War's end, we live under the shadow of nuclear weapons, arms races, and accidental launches. Next, we stir up a hotter topic--the connection between global warming and fossil fuels--and ask if they're cooking up a sudden, new Ice Age. And we examine 21st-century technologies that typify the dual-edged sword of Doomsday Tech with massive potential for both creation and destruction--nanotechnology (engineering on a tiny scale), robotics, and cybernetics. We witness amazing applications in the works, wonder at the limitless promise, and hear warnings of a possible nano-doomsday, with tiny, out-of-control machines devouring everything around them. 8-9pm -- Hit the Road - Ice Road Truckers. During the harsh winter of Canada's Northwest Territory, remote villages and work camps are cut off from the world. To keep them supplied, a tenacious group of long-haul truckers drive their rigs over hundreds of miles on ice roads cut across the surface of frozen lakes. Sometimes the ice cannot support the heavy rig, and driver and cargo plunge through the ice and sink to the bottom. Hitch a risky ride along with the Ice Road Truckers as they drive headlong into bone-chilling danger. 9-11pm -- Hit the Road - Motorcycles. Set the sedan's safety brake and hop on your "hog" for a 2-hour high-speed history of the motorcycle--from the 1868 "steam velocipede" to the early 20th century, when they were a low-cost alternative to automobiles; from Harley-Davidsons preferred by Hell's Angels and police to motocross riders who take bikes into the air and onto the dirt. We also look to the motorcycle's future, featuring Jay Leno's jet-propelled Y2K sportbike and Erik Buell's bike-without-a-gas-tank creation. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, July 9, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Future Tech. A paper-thin, wall-sized holographic television...a car that runs on processed seawater...an army of robotic killing machines...outer-space luxury resorts and a cleaning droid controlled by your mind? Buckle-up for safety as we race into the near future--where fantasy becomes fact. There have always been visionaries, futurists, and dreamers predicting the world of tomorrow--flying cars, space-station colonies, and android personal assistants. But time has proven the fallacy of many of their predictions. So what future technology can we realistically expect? With the help of 3D animation, we present some pretty far-out predictions and take you to various research labs to see working prototypes of these technologies in their infancy. Join us on a rollicking ride through the entertainment room, down the road, over the battlefield, through the mind, out in space, and into the future, where science fiction becomes science fact. No relation to movie Back To The Future 8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - July 8 - July 14. In Indochina, Chinese forces advance rapidly eastwards and cut the last link between the Japanese army and its garrison, while the US 3rd Fleet joins the attack on Tokyo for the first time. In Berlin, US and British troops take control of their allotted sectors from the Red Army. In turn, the two countries agree to share some control with the French. General Eisenhower issues a farewell message to all Allied troops in Europe. And our "Weapon of the Week" segment examines the US Grumman F-6 Hellcat Naval Fighter-Bomber that made its operational debut in the Pacific Theater on August 31, 1943. Two years later, the Hellcat was responsible for downing 5,174 enemy aircraft, nearly 75% of the US Navy's air-to-air kills. And we remember the life of US Admiral Chester Nimitz, who as the senior US naval officer during the war in the Pacific, held more responsibility within his hands than anyone else in American naval history. 9-12am -- Battle of the Bulge - Movie. Epic story of the Nazi war machine's last desperate offensive. Henry Fonda, Robert Shaw, and Charles Bronson star. (1965) ____________________________________________________ Sunday, July 10, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Death Devices. The hangman, guillotine, gas chamber, firing squad, and electric chair are just a few of the ways in which societies have rid themselves of those who committed capital crimes. And throughout history, a select few have developed the devices that have carried out the mandate of the people. This is the dark story of those inventors and the macabre history of execution mechanics--from the first "stone" of antiquity, the dungeons of the Inquisition, and Nazi death camps to today's sterile injection chambers--with a peek at the future of death technology. 8-10pm -- The Dark Art of Interrogation - Today, espionage, terror, and psychological warfare collide at specially-designed prisons like Guantanamo Bay, where masters of information-gathering practice the age-old art of interrogation. After 9/11, the US and other countries initiated a new rationale about use of elaborate psychological manipulation to ward off world terrorism. Enter that shadowy world with former CIA Agent Keith Hall, who defends his brutal interrogation of a Lebanese terrorist suspect. Meet Michael Koubi, an Israeli interrogator whose theatrics and deception produce exceptional results. Special Forces operative Bill Cowan explains how battlefield interrogations in Vietnam helped save lives, and US POWs describe the hell they endured. Former Afghan and Pakistani occupants of Camp X-Ray and Palestinian terrorist suspects also offer firsthand accounts. Best-selling author Mark Bowden (Black Hawk Down) guides us through a morally gray world the government would rather you not enter. 10-11pm -- The Conquerors - Andrew Jackson: Conqueror of Florida. We don't often think of US Presidents as conquerors, but the title fits Andrew Jackson. In 1817, President James Monroe ordered then-General Jackson to stop Seminole attacks in Georgia. Instructed not to violate Spanish-controlled Florida unless in hot pursuit, Jackson invaded anyway, overthrew the governor, seized the military post St. Marks, and executed two British citizens for inciting the Seminole. Along the way, he seized runaway slaves and destroyed the so-called "Negro Fort". Jackson's actions caused an international incident, and while some called for his head, demanding that he be removed from his post and brought to trial, Monroe backed him. Within two years, Spain ceded Florida to the US--and Jackson's conquest was complete. Join us for a balanced look at both sides of the conflict as we use location shooting and state-of-the-art animation to support our storytelling. ____________________________________________________ Monday, July 11, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Camouflage. From ancient hunters' camouflage to computer-generated digital pattern uniforms, we uncover the past, present, and future of deception through disguise. During an ambush exercise by US Marines, we learn that camouflage came from natural coloration and patterns of flora and fauna. The art of military camouflage took off in WWI with the use of the airplane, when the French learnt to hide from "eyes in the sky". It's a world of shadows and smoke, where even cities disappear through disguise. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Area 51. A mysterious, stark terrain, 90 miles north of Las Vegas, goes by many names: The Box, Paradise Ranch, Groom Lake, Watertown Strip, and Dreamland. But most refer to the region as Area 51. Since the late 1950s, an array of UFO sightings has been reported above its skies. In 1989, revelations of Las Vegas resident Bob Lazar brought Area 51 to national attention. Lazar claimed to possess amazing inside information, but he wasn't the first to state that something strange was going on. Those who discount Lazar's theories think the government kept its activities from the general public for a more plausible reason. The base, built at the Cold War's height, housed testing of cutting-edge aviation technology. The cloak of secrecy was to keep the Soviet Union in the dark, not the American public, and experts expostulate that the government perpetuated these theories to disguise its real activities. 9-10pm -- Digging for the Truth - Quest for King Solomon's Gold. Of all the rulers mentioned in the Bible, King Solomon was purportedly the wisest...and the richest! The reason? His access to vast quantities of gold. According to the Bible, the source of his legendary wealth was the goldmines located in the mysterious land of Ophir. Yet, what the Scriptures can't tell us is where Ophir might be found today. Host Josh Bernstein leads us on an epic 4,000-mile journey in search of the lost gold of King Solomon--sailing across the Red Sea, plunging down a Zimbabwean gold mine, and traveling deep into the Ethiopian Bush. 10-11pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Sub War. The U-2513 is what's known as a Type 21 German U-boat. In the 1940s, the Type 21 was a secret weapon that threatened to change the course of two wars: WWII, and then later, the Cold War. During WWII, German hopes were riding on it, and the Allies were terrified of it. After the war, the British, Americans, and Russians couldn't wait to get their hands on it. It was a weapon that had the potential to change the balance of world power and determine the outcome of the Cold War. Join our Deep Sea Detectives, John Chatterton and Richie Kohler, as they dive in over 200 feet of water some 95 miles offshore of Key West. There they investigate the wreck of a one of WWII's most significant naval innovations--a boat design that changed history. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, July 12, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Cannons. Cannons have fired balls of iron and atomic bombs, changed the way wars are fought, and now come equipped with smart weapons. Beginning with 13th-century cannons that were designed to penetrate forts of the day, we'll see how cannons were first cast and later forged, and show how large cannons terrorized civilians and soldiers in WWI and WWII. Moving to the present, we feature the 40-ton self-propelled Crusader that launches 100-pound steel artillery shells more than 33 miles. 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Massacre Tech. Mormons massacre a wagon train filled with overland settlers. Horse thieves decimate a camp of Chinese prospectors. Yavapai Indians slay a stagecoach full of passengers. No stranger to the Old West, technology often lent a helping hand to atrocity. From the swivel gun of the 1830s to a makeshift armored car in 1914, host David Carradine looks at the role technology played in some of the most heinous crimes in Wild West history. 9-10pm -- Breaking Vegas - The Gadget Gambler. Keith Taft was the last person you'd imagine as a Vegas cheat--a deeply religious Baptist, director of church choirs, and family man. But in fact, a serendipitous visit to a Reno casino transformed Taft into a "mad scientist" obsessed with beating blackjack, who even enlisted his children as accomplices. A creative gadget genius, Taft built everything from LED eyeglasses to handheld lasers that could mark cards from 15 feet away. Join us for a riotous ride with one of the unlikeliest of casino cheats in the driver's seat as we reveal the raucous trials, outrageous close calls, exhilarating triumphs, and tumultuous ups and downs of this odd clan of Vegas cheats. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Casino Technology. Place your bets and join us for an exciting spin through the history of the casino. We'll go behind the neon lights, free drinks, and 24-hour gambling to see how the gaming industry has evolved from a simple house of cards to a high-tech multi-billion dollar industry. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, July 13, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Saloons. From a ladle and tin cup in an 1850s mining camp and Civil War tent saloons to Prohibition-era speakeasies, we investigate the history of the American saloon, and go behind-the-scenes at Billy Bob's, a 3-acre Texan saloon, and a Los Angeles sports bar with a computerized liquor-dispensing system. We see what it took to create the elaborate carved bars, the purpose of the brass foot-rail, the impact of refrigerated railroad cars on beer supply, and the transformational power of the bottle cap. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 10. Disasters investigated include: the 1984 Union Carbide debacle in Bhopal, India, where a toxic chemical release killed 3,800 people and left 11,000 with disabling respiratory ailments; and the 2003 sudden collapse of a 10-story parking garage at the Tropicana in Atlantic City, New Jersey that killed four and injured 20. We find out why a series of structures in Hutchinson, Kansas mysteriously caught fire and exploded in 2001; and examine the 1933 construction of a canal ordered by Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin that later proved to be nearly useless and cost many lives. And we get to the bottom of a maritime mystery, when a tanker carrying non-explosive materials in San Francisco Bay blew up in 1983. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 11. Join us for look into five engineering disasters... A dangerous cloud of gas explodes into Cleveland's worst fiery industrial disaster in 1944, killing 128 people. A dance competition turns deadly at the new Kansas City Hyatt in 1981, when a skywalk gives way and kills 114. In 1995, neighbors gaped at the spectacle of a $1.5-million San Francisco Bay area mansion breaking into bits as it fell into a massive sinkhole during a rainstorm. In 1931, one of the worst "natural" disasters ever occurred in the Yangtze River basin when six huge flood waves swept down the river destroying the insufficient dams and levees and killing at least 145,000 people. The "miracle mineral" that the US was built upon turns out to be an invisible killer--an estimated 10,000 people die each year from asbestos-related diseases. 10-11pm -- Automaniac - Extreme Bikes. They are motorcycles that appeal to a certain kind of rider who wants a sleek, fast, and innovative ride. Some were built for the wealthy and others for speed-crazed racers. Each represented a new category of motorcycle. We'll look at bikes ranging from the 1949 Vincent series "C" Black Shadow to Peter Fonda's Easy Rider Harley-Davidson Chopper, to the 2004 Ducati Monster S4R. These are extreme bikes for the extreme rider. Strap on your helmet and hold on tight as we take you on a wild tour through the history of these amazing machines! ____________________________________________________ Thursday, July 14, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Jet Engines. Strap on a parachute and soar through the saga of jet propulsion, which radically transformed our world since inception in WWII--from the Nazi's first jet-powered aircraft to the U.S. F-22 jet fighter, from the Concorde to tomorrow's scram-jet, a hypersonic transport plane that switches to rocket power outside earth's atmosphere! 8-9:30pm -- The Plot to Kill Nixon - For years, Samuel Byck, an out-of-work tire salesman, led a secret life as a would-be assassin. His target: President Richard M. Nixon. This 90-minute special reveals the untold story in Byck's own words! Byck left behind a 2-hour audiotape telling of his hatred of Nixon and his elaborate plan to kill him. The FBI and Secret Service now use this remarkable tape to train their agents. In the early 1970s, Samuel Byck devised a plan that involved hijacking a jet airliner and crashing it into the White House in order to kill President Nixon--the first time a commercial plane was intended to be used as a weapon. Using his real voice, this dramatic special recreates the bizarre story from Byck's deranged point of view. In the end, we show what really happened, and what prevented Byck from reaching his target. 9:30-10pm -- History's Mysteries - Somebody Killed the President. The President of the United States has the most powerful job in the world. Even with a round-the-clock guard, there's always the danger that a determined assassin will get through. Since 1865, four presidents have been killed: Abraham Lincoln, 1865; James Garfield, 1881; William McKinley, 1901; and John F. Kennedy, 1963. We examine these White House victims. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Dynamite. Join us for a highly charged hour as we see why Alfred Nobel's invention of dynamite took on earthshattering dimensions as his product blasted out the natural resources that built our modern world. We also examine its impact on construction of the roads, tunnels, and dams that provide us with energy and transportation. ____________________________________________________ Friday, July 15, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Poison. Since ancient times, man has tried to control the "devil's bounty"--deadly substances found throughout nature. Paradoxically, some of these lethal compounds are now found to possess life-giving properties. In this hour, we explore how ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans came to rely on the pernicious power of poisons and learn the physiological action of these potent killers. During the Renaissance, known as the Golden Age of Poison, the deadly practice helped shape European history--most especially that of the Catholic Church. We continue our investigation into the gas attacks of WWI and up to the 21st century, when a new and serious threat of bioterrorism plagues the globe. Finally, we peer into the future with scientists experimenting with poisons and venoms from the plant and animal kingdoms that may play an important part in healing diseases such as arthritis and even cancer. 8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - July 15-21. In Berlin, the Municipal Council begins confiscating property of former Nazi party members. President Truman and Prime Minister Churchill arrive in Potsdam, near Berlin, for the "Big Three" conference of the US, Britain, and Soviet Union. In London, 2,000 days of "Black Out" and "Dim Out" end as the West End turns on the lights again. The US tests the first atomic bomb at New Mexico's Alamogordo Bombing Range. In the Pacific, US navy ships launch an attack on Japan's second biggest steelworks, Muroran, at Volcano Bay on the east side of Hokkaido. At the same time, 1,000 carrier-based planes bomb six of the island's main towns. And 600 B-29 Superfortress bombers drop 4,000 tons of explosives on the Japanese cities of Choshi, Hitachi, Fukui, and Okazaki. We also highlight the Father of the Atomic Bomb. Nuclear physicist Robert Oppenheimer was director of the Manhattan Project, the US top-secret atom bomb research program. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Deadliest Weapons. In this fiery hour, we profile five of man's deadliest weapons, focusing on the inventors, battles, and dark technology behind their lethality. We begin with the deadliest bomb ever created, the Tsar Bomba--a 50-megaton nuclear bomb with a yield thousands of times greater than the one dropped on Hiroshima. During WWI, technological advances in weaponry led to the deaths of over 8-million, and one of the deadliest killers was the machine gun. In WWII, the use of incendiary bombs killed hundreds of thousands of people. Another deadly invention of WWII was the proximity fuse, or VT fuse, that allowed artillery to detonate within a predetermined range of an enemy target. Finally, we examine VX nerve gas, thought by many to be the deadliest chemical agent ever created and suspected to have been used by Saddam Hussein with devastating results. We'll visit Edgewood Chemical BioCenter, which plays a large role in protection and detection for our troops in Iraq. 10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - Armored Scout Car/Water-Cooled Machine Gun/Fart Sack/Shuteye/U-boats/Stealth Ship: #33. How effective were armored scout cars in WWII? What does it mean when the term "water-cooled" is used with a machine gun? What's a fart sack? How do modern troops grab some shuteye on the battlefield? Why were the German U-boats of WWII so effective? Does the Navy really have a ship that's invisible to radar? R. Lee Ermey answers these viewer questions while on location with practical demonstrations by military experts in the field. 10:30-11pm -- Mail Call - Submarine: #50. R. Lee Ermey goes "underway" with the Navy's Pacific Fleet onboard the nuclear attack submarine USS Salt Lake City. He demonstrates diving, steering, and sonar--submarine basics; gets his hands on the torpedoes and Tomahawk missiles that put the "attack" in a nuclear submarine; and gets as close as he can to the heart of a nuclear sub--its reactor. At program's end, Lee breaks bread with the crew, after learning that the USS Salt Lake City just won the Navy's award for Best Chow on any submarine. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, July 16, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Manhattan Project. At 5:30 a.m., July 16, 1945, scientists and dignitaries awaited the detonation of the first atomic bomb in a desolate area of the New Mexico desert aptly known as "Jornada del Muerto" (Journey of Death). Dubbed the Manhattan Project, the top-secret undertaking was tackled with unprecedented speed and expense--almost $30-billion in today's money. Los Alamos scientists and engineers relate their trials, triumphs, and dark doubts about building the ultimate weapon of war in the interest of peace. 8-10pm -- Isaac's Storm - September 8, 1900. Galveston, Texas. A typically hot and humid day. Women tended to chores; men traveled downtown to work, including Isaac Cline, head of the National Weather Bureau's local office. Cline believed the island was safe from hurricane, but by afternoon, a Category-4 storm proved how wrong he was. In a 2-hour special based on Erik Larson's book Isaac's Storm, weather experts, historians, and survivors' descendents guide us through that horrific day that claimed over 6,000. 10-12am -- Killer Storm - October 1991--an unpredicted monster storm ravaged the US Atlantic coast, unleashing its fury on land and sea. Unique in destructive power and as a 100-Year Meteorological Event, its 114-hour rampage posed daunting challenges to weather forecasting, emergency warning agencies, and search and rescue teams as we see in this 2-hour exploration of the events surrounding the savage storm. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, July 17, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Digging for the Truth - Quest for King Solomon's Gold. Of all the rulers mentioned in the Bible, King Solomon was purportedly the wisest...and the richest! The reason? His access to vast quantities of gold. According to the Bible, the source of his legendary wealth was the goldmines located in the mysterious land of Ophir. Yet, what the Scriptures can't tell us is where Ophir might be found today. Host Josh Bernstein leads us on an epic 4,000-mile journey in search of the lost gold of King Solomon--sailing across the Red Sea, plunging down a Zimbabwean gold mine, and traveling deep into the Ethiopian Bush. 8-10pm -- The Mystery of the Afghan Gold - The story of the discovery and loss of one of the most valuable treasures known to man--Afghanistan's Bactrian Gold that dates back 2,000 years to the Kingdom of Bactria, conquered by Alexander the Great in 327 BC. In 1978, a team of Russian and Afghan archaeologists unearthed the Bactrian Gold. As Afghanistan fell into a downward spiral of destruction, warring factions fought to possess the treasure. Amidst the chaos, one man had the forethought to stash the gold for safekeeping...in a secret vault that could only be opened with simultaneous application of seven keys, each sent to separate corners of the world. However, after 23 years of warfare, experts began to worry that the gold wasn't safe. And then the Taliban regime began a barbaric hunt to wipe-out all cultural artifacts of its kind, including demolition of the giant Buddhas of Bamiyan. In the end, the US-led war on terror brought resolution to the mystery, one that serves as a symbol of hope for the war-stricken nation. 10-11pm -- The Battle of Tripoli - "From the halls of Montezuma to the shores of Tripoli." Everyone knows the first line of the Marine's Hymn, but few are familiar with the dramatic battle that inspired these famous words. We tell the remarkable story of William Eaton and his heroic but outrageous plan to overthrow the powerful Mediterranean nation of Tripoli and free 307 American hostages in 1805. Filmed aboard the USS Constitution in Boston harbor and on location in Morocco, we relive the US Marine's first battle on foreign soil. ____________________________________________________ Monday, July 18, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Concrete. Invented by the ancient Romans, concrete is a relatively simple formula that changed the world. Concrete has been used to divide an entire country, as in the Berlin Wall, and to unite nations, as in the Chunnel. We'll review the history of this building block of civilization and look at modern applications. 8-10pm -- Taming the Wild West: The Legend of Jedediah Smith - Most Americans have never heard of Jedediah Smith. Since the early 1800s, this forgotten legend has gathered dust like so many other pioneers and explorers. Yet Smith's legacy significantly shaped the course of American history. Smith achieved many firsts in his short period of travels--the first white man to recognize the significance of the South Pass in Wyoming, the only viable passage for wagons through the Rockies; walk across the Great Basin in present day Utah; travel from Southern California to Oregon by land; traverse the state of Utah from north to south; and remarkably, the first white man to travel from the east, overland into California. In this dramatic 2-hour special, we follow the life of Smith during the decade of the 1820s as he navigates the American West. It's a tale of clashing cultures and dangerous encounters, bear attacks and violent battles with many Indian tribes, and most of all the story of the journey of an unsung American hero. 10-11pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - USS Perry. September 14, 1944--the South Pacific. While clearing mines for the Allied invasion of the Palau Islands, the USS Perry is rocked by a huge explosion and immediately begins to list. All hands abandon ship into open waters, drawing enemy fire from shore. Two days later the Allied invasion begins and quickly becomes one of the bloodiest battles of the Pacific Campaign--the Battle of Peleliu. Deep Sea Detectives John Chatterton and Richie Kohler follow one survivor's journey to find the USS Perry's final resting place...and try to bring closure to an unfinished journey of their own. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, July 19, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Oil Tankers. The biggest moving objects ever built by man, oil tankers dominate the world's waterways, both in size and numbers. Upwards of 10,000 strong, the world tanker fleet's vast number results from the modern, insatiable thirst for oil. We'll dig into the history of oil transport--from Civil War days to the critical WWII years and invention of the supertanker in the 1950s. And we examine the financial impact of modifying these steel leviathans to prevent future catastrophic environmental disasters. 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Execution Tech. Journey back to the days when justice was swifter than a saloon girl on a Saturday night and examine the horrors of human design that brought terror to the Old West. Sheriffs and judges, desperate to stop the growing onslaught of outlaws, needed grisly technologies to punish and deter murderers, rapists, and rustlers. Join the crowd of onlookers who gathered at the grisly gallows to witness a man gaining infamy at one end of the rope--and sometimes, immortality at the other. Host: Keith Carradine. 9-10pm -- Shootout - D-Day: Fallujah. November 2004--Fallujah, Iraq has become a viper pit. Over the last six months, this once holy city has become the center of gravity for the Iraqi insurgency with Al Qaeda terrorists and Islamic radicals from across the Muslim world congregating here to resist the US occupation. Many have come to martyr themselves and to take as many coalition troops with them as possible. On November 8, six battalions of US soldiers and Marines storm the city to kill the insurgents. It will be the fight of their lives. With riveting and insightful commentary from the men who sweated and bled on the dusty avenues of Fallujah, this episode highlights the strategies, cutting-edge technologies, and harrowing stories of mortal combat--many told here for the first time--of the deadliest house-to-house street brawl since the battle for Hue City, Vietnam. As one Marine tells us, if Fallujah isn't hell, it's in the same zip code. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Extreme Aircraft. Join us for a supersonic look at some of the most cutting-edge aircraft ever developed--from the X-1 that first broke the sound barrier to the X-43 Scramjet that recently flew at Mach 7. These extreme aircraft have made their mark on aeronautical history, and sometimes on political history as well. The U-2 and SR-71 spy planes played a crucial role in the Cold War, and now Lockheed Martin's top-secret "Skunkworks" division is touting the new "air dominance" fighter plane-- the F/A-22 Raptor. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, July 20, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The World's Biggest Machines. Join us for a look at the biggest, heaviest, tallest, longest, meanest machines on the planet! We'll see what these monsters do and how they operate, and how they're designed and assembled. Machines investigated include the largest draglines, excavators used in mining; the biggest dump truck; a front-end loader with an 80-ton bucket and the largest tires of any vehicle; the cruise ship, the Voyager of the Seas; a 240-foot tall wind generator; and a fusion reaction machine the size of a football field. 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Deadwood Tech. Touted as one of the "liveliest and peculiar places west of the Mississippi", in Deadwood, speculators, misfits, and cold-blooded killers came together to stake their claim. Located in South Dakota's Black Hills, in this raunchy, rip-roaring town, primitive technology met bold innovations, commerce and corruption collided, and shootouts were as common as the filth that filled the streets. We examine the good, bad, and ugly technologies of the last and richest gold-rush town, including stagecoaches and stagecoach robberies; bull whacking and bull trains; gold counterfeiting; saw mills; smelter and cyanide mills; electric marquees; and mortuary science. And we feature forensic analysis of Wild Bill Hickok's death, and say howdy to a few of Deadwood's other famous characters like Calamity Jane. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Cowboy Tech. Today's cowboy plants one boot firmly in the traditions of the Old West and the other in the world of modern technology. Beginning in the 19th century, the era in which the American cattle industry boomed, we examine cowboy technology. Learn how North American cowboys converted saddles, ropes, spurs, and other equipment originally developed by the Spanish, into tools of the trade perfectly suited for the developing cattle industry. And see how the invention of barbed wire revolutionized the cowboy's world. Step into the 21st century with today's cowboys who use computer chips, retinal scans, DNA evidence to round up cattle rustlers, and high-tech digital-imaging devices to aid in shoeing horses...and ride ATVs as often as their horses. In the world of rodeo, witness today's cowboys as they utilize advanced theories of genetics and artificial insemination in an attempt to breed the perfect bucking bull. 10-11pm -- Automaniac - Pickups. Built tough, rugged, and reliable, pickup trucks are the bad boys of the automotive industry! Bigger, bolder, faster, and more popular than ever, they promise to blaze a path in the 21st century. First forged during hard times in America by Ford, Dodge, and Chevrolet, for nearly a century, pickup trucks have borne burdens, carried hopes, and fueled dreams. In this action-packed episode, we meet die-hard enthusiasts who faithfully restore, trick out, customize, and modify any classic model they can get their hands on. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, July 21, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Metal. They constitute the very essence of the modern world; the cadence of our progress sounds in the measured ring of the blacksmith's hammer. From soaring skyscrapers and sturdy bridges to jet planes and rockets, metals play a key role. Our journey begins before the Bronze Age and takes us into the shiny future when new metal structures--engineered at a molecular level to be stronger, lighter, and cheaper--shape human progress, as they have since man first thrust copper into a fire and forged a tool. 8-10pm -- The Little Big Horn: The Untold Story - We'll look with fresh eyes at the infamous battle, using over two decades of research by Dr. Herman J. Viola, Curator Emeritus at the Smithsonian Institution, whose close friendship with Dr. Joseph Medicine Crow, grandson of one of Custer's six Crow scouts, afforded him unique access to the Native-American community's insights. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Silver Mines. It was called the "mother lode", a deposit of silver so massive that it would produce $300-million in its first 25 years of operation, establish Nevada as a state, and bankroll the Union Army in the Civil War. Named after an early investor, we'll see how the Comstock Lode, discovered near Virginia City, proved to be a scientific laboratory from which vast improvements in mining technology and safety were pioneered, including innovations in drilling, ventilation, drainage, and ore processing. ____________________________________________________ Friday, July 22, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Commercial Fishing. Battered and fried or simply raw--seafood is a popular dish, no matter how you serve it. Americans consume more than 5-billion pounds yearly, an order that takes more than a fishing rod to fill and worries conservationists. We follow the fish, the fishermen, and the science trying to preserve fisheries for future generations--from ancient ships on the Nile to a modern technologically sophisticated factory trawler on the Bering Sea to the University of New Hampshire's open-ocean aquaculture research project. And we witness a wide variety of fishing methods--from gillnetting and longlining to lobster trapping. Hop aboard and sail through time and around the globe as we explore the harsh conditions of life at sea and experience firsthand one of history's deadliest jobs. Brace yourself and feel the ice-cold, salt spray on your face as we explore commercial fishing! 8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - July 22-28. In Burma, 5,000 Japanese troops, trapped in the Pegu Hills, attempt to make a break east towards the Sittang River; but only a small number survives. In the Pacific, the biggest Allied naval re-supply operation thus far begins. On Mindanao in the Philippines, all organized Japanese resistance in the Sarangani Bay area ends and US forces start mopping-up operations. At the Potsdam Conference, US President Truman announces that the atom bomb will be used against the Japanese as soon after August 3 as is possible. In New York, a US B-25 bomber is lost in fog over the city and flies into the Empire State Building--killing 13 people die and injuring 26. And in this episode, we highlight the long career of Winston Churchill, who became Prime Minister of Great Britain on May 10, 1940-- the same day that Germany attacked France and the Low Countries. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Edwards Air Force Base. Examine the colorful history of the premier flight test center, and America's most important aviation facility for more than 60 years, Edwards Air Force Base in California. Every single aircraft to enter the Air Force's inventory has been put through its paces at Edwards, along with many Navy and Army aircraft as well. With unprecedented access to several forgotten and abandoned facilities on the base, we are guided by Richard Hallion, former chief historian for the US Air Force. Today, Edwards continues to push the envelope. Among the many cutting-edge projects currently being tested is the Airborne Laser, designed to focus a basketball-sized spot of intense heat that could destroy a ballistic missile. 10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - Military Pilot Training/Flak/Doolittle Raid/One-Man Submarine/Military Radios: #36. How do we train our military pilots? What is flak and what is the origin of the word? How did the US pull off the daring Doolittle Raid against the Japanese during WWII? Did the OSS really use a 1-man submarine named Sleeping Beauty? What kind of radios are used in the field by today's military? Does a foxhole radio really work? Shot on location, R. Lee Ermey answers viewers' questions about military methods and technology with practical demonstrations by military experts in the field. 10:30-11pm -- Mail Call - Civil War Rifles/Sub Missile/Navy Divers' Gear/Field Strip/the Bowie/Hedgechopper: #15. R. Lee Ermey compares Civil War rifles from both sides; learns about the first missile fired from the deck of a sub; compares the Navy's Mark 21 deep-sea suit, used for depths as far as 300-feet below surface, to "crush-proof" suits used in extreme missions that can go almost 2,000 feet down; performs a field strip, breaking down a weapon; finds out why the Bowie knife is so special; and explains the evolution of a hedgechopper, used on tanks during D-Day. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, July 23, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Edison Tech. He was the father of the future...electric lights, power systems, motion pictures, recorded sound--even the tattoo pen. Life as we know it would be inconceivable without the prodigious output of the Wizard of Menlo Park, Thomas Alva Edison. His intense focus on his work came with a hefty personal price, but his reward was a world forever changed by his genius. Years after his death, Edison's effect is seen, heard, and felt everywhere. We follow descendants of his motion-picture camera to the tops of Earth's highest mountains, to the bottoms of its deepest oceans, and even into outer space. We track his innovations in recorded sound to CDs, iPods, sophisticated movie sound, and satellite radio. And we illuminate his world of electric light, powering the world and turning night into day. Along the way, we discover a little Edison in corners of modern life less well-known and even look at his failures. From the Internet to the stock market to pay-per-view; the Wizard is everywhere. 8-9pm -- Breaking Vegas - Counterfeit King. Counterfeiting coins isn't easy--it's an art form! Diameter, thickness, magnetism, weight, design, even the precise mix of alloys--every element of the coin must be perfectly replicated. That means taking on the craftsmanship that the US Mint took years to develop, including anti-counterfeiting marks like "hidden grooves" and uniquely serrated edges. Most wannabe counterfeiters quickly realize they're no match for the US Mint--and often satisfy themselves with crude tokens that might stretch their winnings by a buck or two. But not Louis Colavecchio...not by a long shot! 9-11pm -- Time Machine - A 2-hour panoramic and global overview of the phenomenon known as Cosa Nostra--from the mass immigration of Italians to the US at the end of the 19th century up to the arrests in 2000 on the New York Stock Exchange, where the Mafia was laundering money. What becomes evident in a chain of stories depicting the most renowned "godfathers" is their uncanny ability to act as political representatives of an illegal state within the legal state and to exploit major cycles and crises throughout history. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, July 24, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- D-Days in the Pacific - Death at the Tideline. D-Day--military-speak for start of an amphibious attack operation--has become exclusive property of the Normandy invasion on June 6, 1944. But there were more than a dozen D-Days in the Pacific, half of them every bit the scale of Normandy, and one of them considerably greater (Okinawa makes Normandy look like a family outing at the beach). In a 3-part overview of WWII Pacific storm landings, we examine the sometimes disastrous, often brilliant learning curve of the Japanese/American opponents. The series shows how we developed from the shockingly inept and under-equipped landing on Guadalcanal to the massive, specialized steamroller assaults of 1944-45. On a vast battlefield, 98% ocean, over 1,600,000 men, Allied and Japanese, died over four years fighting for pieces of land sometimes not bigger than Central Park. In Part 1, we begin at the beginning--Guadalcanal in '42--and follow the Marine assault on Tarawa in '43. 8-9pm -- D-Days in the Pacific - Closing the Jaws. By the end of 1943, America's Pacific D-Days were being mounted with new expertise and power. The enemy found himself in amphibious pincers, with Admiral Nimitz attacking through the central Pacific and General MacArthur thrusting from the southwest. MacArthur would execute more Pacific D-Days than any other commander. But his landings did not come against small atolls. He began, as do we in this episode, with the reconquest of the immense island of New Guinea, where he had been defending against the invading Japanese since the war's early days, and cover activities up to the bloody assault on Peleliu. 9-10pm -- D-Days in the Pacific - The Final Graveyard. With the capture of the Marianas, the US amphibious war had pierced the inner defense ring of the Japanese Empire, and with MacArthur and Nimitz poised to attack the Philippines and islands on the Japanese doorstep, the enemy prepared a fight to the death--one too bloody for America to bear. None of the warriors who fought their way across the Pacific will ever slight the great Normandy D-Day. But in some 75 major amphibious operations, Pacific veterans showed the same valor on landings every bit as vital and deadly. In this 3-part series, we at last recognize the sacrifices and celebrate the heroes of all those forgotten Pacific D-Days and render a salute long overdue. 10-11pm -- The Conquerors - Marshal Zhukov: WWII Conqueror of Berlin. In April 1945, Stalin was in a hurry. The Americans had recently crossed the Rhine and he was worried they might capture Berlin. To speed up his campaign, he split command between Marshal Zhukov in the center and Marshal Konev in the south triggering a race between his most senior commanders--both eager to be credited with conquest of the German capital. On April 15, Soviet forces launched one of history's most powerful artillery barrages. But the Germans had withdrawn to fortified positions on the Seelow heights further inland, having learned of the imminent Soviet attack. It took Zhukov three days to break the resistance, and his losses were devastating. Over 30,000 Soviet soldiers died compared to the 10,000 lost by the Germans. One local witness remembers how the narrow paths leading through the forest were piled high with corpses. It took the local population months to clear the site. Even today, 1,000 corpses are found each year in and around Berlin. ____________________________________________________ Monday, July 25, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Private Jets, Part 1. From today's ultra chic, state-of-the-art private jets to Lockheed's 1957 Jetstar, this 2-part special investigates the history, the luxury, and technology of America's corporate jets. We meet a few of the men and women who pioneered them--Bill Lear, Clyde Cessna and his nephews, Walter and Olive Beech. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - UFOs: Then and Now? Cause for Alarm. Studies some of the most disturbing UFO sightings, including: a 4-day extravaganza in 1952, when UFOs cruised the skies over the White House; sightings in 1967 near a secret US/Canadian submarine detection base; controversial events at the UK/US air base at Bentwaters, England; and the military's Test Area 51 in Nevada. 9-11pm -- Decoding The Past - Beyond The Da Vinci Code. Is it the greatest story ever told--or the greatest story ever sold? A best-selling novel sparks a debate that could change Christianity forever. Were Jesus and Mary Magdalene married and co-leaders of their movement? Was Mary Magdalene, herself, the Holy Grail--the vessel said to hold Jesus's blood--and mother of his descendants? Did the early Church know this "truth" and deliberately mislead followers? Is there a secret, ancient society, the Priory of Sion, which still protects this bloodline? Have some of the most illustrious names in art and science been members? These are some of the questions that Dan Brown's best-selling novel The Da Vinci Code raises. We examine both sides of the story--the conventional view of Christianity and the "alternate history" proposed by Brown--so that viewers can decide. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, July 26, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Extreme Trucks. Hop into the cab for the ride of your life as we examine extreme trucks, including: a jet truck that can travel 300 mph; the Baltimore Technical Assistance Response Unit's mobile command truck; a garbage truck with an articulated arm; a concrete pumper truck with telescoping boom and pumping mechanism; and a 4-wheel-drive truck that can convert from mower to street sweeper to backhoe to snow blower in mere minutes. Learn how SWAT, bomb squad, HAZMAT, and crime scene specialty trucks are built. 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - The Road West. During the 1800s, the road west in America was a dangerous path into the unknown. As pioneers headed toward a new life, they faced unpredictable weather, uneven trails, and sometimes unforgiving Native Americans. Remarkable feats of engineering, such as blasting mile-long tunnels or building a bridge to span 300 feet across a mighty river, helped tame the frontier. Host David Carradine discovers the amazing advances made by settlers and the technology they used to help them on their journey into the vast wilderness. 9-10pm -- Shootout - Guadalcanal. A small island in the southwestern Pacific, Guadalcanal was the place the US chose to confront the Japanese on the ground for the first time in WWII. Here, beginning in August 1942, Americans and Japanese were brought face-to-face in close-quarter shootouts that became a turning point of the war. From the near-total annihilation of Colonel Frank Goettge's intelligence patrol to the battles of Bloody Ridge, both sides learned what the other was made of. The Japanese were willing to fight to the death, and the Americans were eager to offer them that chance. The victory ultimately belonged to the US, but in the man-on-man struggles that characterized the campaign, winning or losing became personal and the difference between survival and death. Experience the thick of battle from the perspective of soldiers from both sides. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 13. In this hour, death seeps out of the ground into a neighborhood sitting on a toxic waste dump at Love Canal in New York; soldiers die during Desert Storm in 1991 when software flaws render Patriot Missiles inaccurate; on September 11, 2001, World Trade Center Building #7 wasn't attacked, but seven hours after the Twin Towers collapsed, it too is mysteriously reduced to a pile of rubble; a night of revelry in Boston turns the Cocoanut Grove nightclub into an inferno that kills over 400 people in 1942; and the science of demolition is put to the test and fails when a building in Rhode Island, the "Leaning Tower of Providence", stands its ground. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, July 27, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Engines. Story of the development of engines and motors, with particular emphasis on the ones that have profoundly changed society. Beginning with the steam engine, we see how it was created, how it works, and how it led to the Industrial Revolution. We review the electric motor, internal combustion engine, jet engine, and rocket engine, and conclude with a look at futuristic engine technologies, including hydrogen-powered cars and microtechnology engines so small that they fit on the tip of a finger. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Bathroom Tech. From tub to toilet to toothpaste, here's everything you ever wanted to know about the most used and least discussed room in the house. From the first home bathrooms in ancient India, Roman latrines, and bizarre Victorian-era bath contraptions, to modern luxurious master bathroom suites, we trace the history of bathing, showering, and oral hygiene. And we reveal the messy truth about what was used before toilet paper--brainchild of the Scott Brothers of Philadelphia--and why astronauts wear diapers. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Sewers. A simple flush and it's forgotten. But haven't you secretly wondered where it all goes when we go? Join us as we explore this less-than-polite topic, and examine the network of underground pipes and tunnels that carries human waste and excess storm water away. From ancient Rome's pristine sewage-conveying systems, through the disease-spreading, out-the-window system of Europe in the Middle Ages, and into the progressive sanitation engineering of the 19th and 20th centuries, we go with the flow of sewage history. And we sift through the flotsam and jetsam of our cities' sewer systems and delve into the sewers of Paris, Boston, and Los Angeles to study waste management's evolution. We meet a sewer diver (and his robotic counterpart) who inspects and ensures the efficient operation of the conduits; decipher the myths about "treasures" and creatures found in the murky depths; and find out exactly where it goes, how it gets there, and how we've learned to use it to our benefit. 10-11pm -- Automaniac - Cop Cars. Shocking sirens, flashing lights, and hair-raising speeds. These 4-wheeled predators prowl the urban and ritual roadways of America, hunting down speed demons and cold-blooded killers. They're Cop Cars--some of the highest performance vehicles on the road. We'll inspect under the hoods, trunks, and on the consoles to reveal an evolution in cop car technology. From the primitive paddy wagon to today's state-of-the-line sedans, we'll take you on a wild ride in some of the most popular police cars ever made. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, July 28, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Gasoline. Traces the history and evolution of the world's most important fossil fuel. Without gasoline, modern life would grind to a halt. Americans use about 360-million gallons of gas every day. And though most of us could not function without gas, very few understand what it really is, how it is made, what all those different octane numbers really mean, and how researchers developed cleaner-burning gasoline. All these questions will be answered as we look at the history of this "supreme" fuel. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Icebreakers. They are the toughest ships in the water, plowing headlong into one of nature's hardest obstacles. Modern icebreakers can smash through 10-foot thick ice sheets without stopping, allowing scientists and commercial shipping access to some of Earth's most inhospitable spots. Join our blustery journey as we patrol the Great Lakes on the USCG Cutter Mackinaw and traverse the infamous Northwest Passage on the maiden voyage of the USCG Healy, the newest Polar Class Icebreaker in the US Fleet. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Sub Zero. Come in from the cold while we explore some of Earth's most frigid places and examine how man copes with sub-zero climates. With the advance of technology, our boundaries have expanded--from the North and South Poles, to the depths beneath the Arctic and Antarctic sea ice, to the Moon, Mars, and outward to Saturn. Enter these forbidding territories, guided by a special breed of experts as we inspect the new US South Pole Station, try on the latest Polartec fashions with anti-microbial fibers, ride on the newest snowmobiles and Sno-Cats, sail through glacial waters on ice-breaking ships, and fly on an LC-130 transport plane. And we'll see what NASA has on the planning board for deep-space exploration, including a beach-ball robot explorer, and learn from scientists studying fish in the waters off Antarctica to understand glycoproteins, which may keep frozen tissue healthy longer for transplantation. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Desert Tech. It's hot, dry, deadly, and hard to ignore with close to 40% of Earth classified as desert. But in this scorching hour, the desert turns from barren wasteland into an environment rich with hope. In the Middle East, desalination of seawater now fills water needs. Americans have created booming desert communities like Las Vegas, where the Hoover Dam produces hydroelectric power and manmade Lake Mead supplies water. Native Americans farmed the desert on a small scale, but 20th-century technology begot greater opportunity. Once desolate areas of California and Mexico now grow agriculture due to irrigation, and the desert's abundant sunshine allows solar-energy and wind-power production. And in the future, desert technology may enable colonization of planets like Mars. We also take a look at how refrigeration and air conditioning have made life in desert communities tolerable, and examine the latest in survival gear and equipment. ____________________________________________________ Friday, July 29, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Limos. Limousines have been stretched to greater and greater lengths--as has the notion of what can be done inside them! You can have a rolling disco in a stretched SUV, go for a rumble off-road in a monster truck limousine, or take a direct hit in an armored limo and still make your meeting. So, sit back, relax, and enjoy the ride of your life as we review the history of chauffeured limousines--from weddings, proms, and funerals to the ultimate adult playpen and the president's "Cadillac One". 8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - July 29-August 4. Allied naval and air forces target Japanese aircraft factories at Hamamutsu and southern Honshu. In China, mines dropped from Allied planes halt Japanese shipping on the Yangtze River. In Burma, Japanese resistance crumbles as the Allies triumph in the Battle of the Breakthrough. A Japanese submarine sinks the US heavy cruiser Indianapolis in the Philippines. In Germany, the Potsdam Conference draws to a halt. The "Big Three"--the US, Britain, and Soviet Union--agree to limit German industrial growth and transfer certain territories in the country's east to Poland and the Soviet Union. The German industrial war machine is to be broken up and reparations paid to the Allies. Finally, Stalin agrees that the Soviet Union will join in the war against Japan on a date yet to be fixed. We also take a look at the US Douglas A-26 Invader Medium Bomber, and feature the life of Clement Attlee, who took over from Winston Churchill as British prime minister in July 1945. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Challenger Tank. When this 60 tons of high-tech military hardware rumbles onto the battlefield at nearly 40 mph, there's nowhere for the enemy to hide. Behind its impenetrable armor lies one of the most effective computerized weapons systems. Its main weapon--an awesome 120mm rifled gun that can take out a football-sized moving target three miles away. Men who serve in this metallic monster claim the hard-hitting warhorse is the world's best battle tank. An underdog during military competitions in the late 1980s, the Challenger proved itself in Operation Desert Storm and was back in action for Operation Iraqi Freedom. Unique archive film, riveting reenactments, extraordinary interviews, and dramatic computer graphics tell the story of this British battlefield heavyweight and the men who have taken it into the heat of battle. 10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - Navy SEALs/Frogmen/Kettering Bug/Warthog/Afrika Korps Gear/Jerry Cans: #48. R. Lee Ermey teams up with Navy SEALs to demonstrate their weapons; reviews the history of the Navy's fierce frogmen; and goes back to 1918 to view the world's first cruise missile--the Kettering Bug--designed by Charles Kettering and Orville Wright. At Tallil Air Base in Iraq, he shows why the A-10 Thunderbolt (a.k.a. Warthog) is the world's best tank killer, learns about Rommel's Afrika Korps' advanced weapons in WWII, and why gasoline storage containers are called Jerry Cans. 10:30-11pm -- Mail Call - Javelin Anti-Tank Missile/Tankgewehr 1918/P-3 Orion/SOG: #59. Gunnery Sergeant R. Lee Ermey learns how our troops stick it to enemy tanks with the Javelin anti-tank missile and looks back at the first anti-tank rifle, the massive bolt-action Tankgewehr 1918. Next, it's out to the open ocean for a little submarine hunting in the Navy's P-3 Orion aircraft and a look back at sub hunting planes of WWII. Finally, it's into the heart of the jungle to discover the weapons, gear, and tactics used by the Studies and Observations Group (SOG) during the Vietnam War. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, July 30, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Sewers. A simple flush and it's forgotten. But haven't you secretly wondered where it all goes when we go? Join us as we explore this less-than-polite topic, and examine the network of underground pipes and tunnels that carries human waste and excess storm water away. From ancient Rome's pristine sewage-conveying systems, through the disease-spreading, out-the-window system of Europe in the Middle Ages, and into the progressive sanitation engineering of the 19th and 20th centuries, we go with the flow of sewage history. And we sift through the flotsam and jetsam of our cities' sewer systems and delve into the sewers of Paris, Boston, and Los Angeles to study waste management's evolution. We meet a sewer diver (and his robotic counterpart) who inspects and ensures the efficient operation of the conduits; decipher the myths about "treasures" and creatures found in the murky depths; and find out exactly where it goes, how it gets there, and how we've learned to use it to our benefit. 8-9pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Damn the Torpedoes. The Tecumseh was an iron-hulled, single-turret monitor, similar in design to the famous USS Monitor. In August 1864, she was in the vanguard of a monitor flotilla that spearheaded the Federal attack on Mobile Bay. The Confederate defense centered on their shore batteries and the CSS Tennessee, a powerful ironclad ram. As Tecumseh tacked to engage the attacking Tennessee, she suddenly listed, as an explosion erupted beneath the hull. Tecumseh sank quickly with all crewmen. Conventional wisdom and navy records indicated a "torpedo"--an underwater mine--caused the explosion. Others believe this could have been the work of the shore-based artillery, while still others believe it was a Confederate submarine. Join our veteran divers as they try to solve the mystery. 9-11pm -- Punishment - The definition and exercise of criminal punishment has changed dramatically during the course of history. From execution by wild animals during ancient Greek and Roman times, to religious torture during the Inquisition using the most perverse instruments ever devised, to the cruel and unusual punishments meted out by many nations to this day, we trace the often ironic history of man's perverted and creative attempts to bring about a more "humane" society. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, July 31, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Cannibals - Part 1. Steeped in controversy, human cannibalism both fascinates and repulses. Many anthropologists argue that cannibalism is an instinctive part of human nature; that it was an institution in many ancient cultures; that people will turn to cannibalism without reservation in a survival situation; and that our very bones are imprinted with evidence that we are creatures who eat our own. Other experts vehemently disagree, questioning eyewitness accounts and taking issue with what archaeologists claim is hard scientific evidence. This 2-part special gets to the heart of the debate by investigating both well-known and little-known scenarios in which humans may have resorted to eating other humans. 8-9pm -- Cannibals - Part 2. Throughout history, humans have resorted to cannibalism for a variety of reasons...some men have actually killed for the flesh that saved them, while others seized the opportunity presented by the deaths of starving companions. Some believe that humans have used cannibalism to intimidate enemies. And history proves that there have been those who have even eaten the flesh of family to convey love and respect. Does all of this suggest that our species has a propensity for devouring human flesh? Though tabooed and repugnant to most, the fact remains that some of us have chosen to consume our own species. Join us as we explore why. 9-10pm -- Snackfood Tech - Extruders, molds, in-line conveyor belts. Are these machines manufacturing adhesives, plastics, or parts for your car? No, they're making treats for your mouth--and you will see them doing their seductively tasty work in this scrumptious episode. First, we visit Utz Quality Foods in Hanover, Pennsylvania, that produces more than one million pounds of chips per week, and Snyder's of Hanover, the leading US pretzel manufacturer. Next, we focus on the world's largest candy manufacturer, Masterfoods USA, which makes Milky Way, Snickers, Mars, and M&Ms, and take a lick at the world's largest lollipop producer, Tootsie Roll Industries. And at Flower Foods' Crossville, Tennessee plant, an army of cupcakes rolls down a conveyer belt. The final stop is Dreyer's Bakersfield, California plant, where 20,000 ice cream bars and 9,600 drumsticks roll off the line in an hour. 10-11pm -- Cereal: History in a Bowl - Move over pancakes, step aside bacon! Cereal is arguably the true breakfast king, a $9-billion industry with an indisputable place in pop-culture history. Full of surprise, nostalgia, and fascinating facts, our special celebrates the colorful--and crunchy--saga of a distinctly American breakfast. Beginning 10,000 years before Cocoa Puffs, we cover the early history of cultivating wheat, oats, and other wild grasses, and follow the evolution of this food staple through to today. We see how a Presbyterian minister-turned-health-food-fanatic--Sylvester Graham, of "Graham cracker" fame--turned his countrymen from fried pork breakfasts to grain- and bran-heavy diets in 1824. We reveal the rivalries, tricks, and accidents that turned cereal into a breakfast sensation. And we examine the amazing feats of marketing used to promote the product--from creating iconic characters for packaging, to ingenious prizes that drove consumers to the shelves in droves.
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