Monday, August 1, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Casino Technology. Place your bets and join us for an exciting spin through the history of the casino. We'll go behind the neon lights, free drinks, and 24-hour gambling to see how the gaming industry has evolved from a simple house of cards to a high-tech multi-billion dollar industry. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - UFO Hunters. They look to the stars, to Earth, and within the human body. They are the UFO research elite that seeks answers to the mysteries of the UFO phenomenon. Their determination, attitude, and methodologies stand strong against ridicule and disbelief. In the end, UFO hunters exhibit scientific evidence that pushes the boundary of modern-day thinking. At annual conferences, they share findings and are often stunned by the commonality of their cases. Follow UFO hunters as they search for UFOs and investigate crash sites. Their hunts for physical evidence of UFOs and alien life forms sometimes end up as global wild goose chases, but there are other times, when what they find is just too intriguing....and might just prove that it is possible that we are not alone in the universe. 9-10pm -- Decoding The Past - Nostradamus: 500 Years Later, Part 1. The life story of Nostradamus unfolds in medieval Europe at the time of the Great Plague and The Inquisition. He lived in an age of superstition and magic and believed that he could foretell the future. For this he was labeled both a prophet and a heretic, and his cryptic journals continue to inspire controversy just as they did in the 16th century. In this 2-part examination of his life, we visit his birthplace in France and trace his career as doctor, astrologer, father, and seer. 10-11pm -- Weird U.S. - Road to Weirdsville. Hosts Mark Sceurman and Mark Moran go on holiday--something most Americans are doing less because they're working more, 100 more hours a year than the famously industrious Japanese. On average, Americans get four weeks less vacation time than Europeans--and they don't even use the time they're allotted! What is behind this weird behavior? Can Americans be convinced to take a breather? Our two Marks show overworked Americans just how to take back their vacations--the weird way. They head to some of the top US vacation spots--New York City, Las Vegas, New Orleans, Los Angeles, and Florida to find the roads less traveled in these somewhat homogenized spots. On this madcap tour of America, Mark and Mark trek the country in search of bizarre, unexplained, or just plain zany stories that somehow flew under the radar screen of American History. So put away your textbooks and get ready for something a little more colorful. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, August 2, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Las Vegas Hotels. Out of the bleakness of a vast desert arose a city built on wish fulfillment and indulgence. Unencumbered by tradition or notions of good taste, for 50 years Las Vegas has taken tourists to the height of their imaginations while reaching into their pockets. Visit 11 of the world's largest hotels in the country's biggest playground. 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech Biggest Machines in the West. In this episode, we find out that size did matter in the Old West, where cowboys wanted big toys! Big profits required big equipment to dig, dredge, paddle, and plough through the wilds of America. Technology would replace the pan and the pick with massive machines roaming the forests and deserts like dinosaurs, feeding on the minerals above and below the soil. Even weaponry was super-sized! We take a look at the huge and deadly Hotchkiss cannon and the cumbersome Colt Buntline Revolver, carried by famous frontier personalities like Wyatt Earp, Frank and Jesse James, and Judge Roy Bean. And we review the history of the infamous Mankato Gallows, built to execute 38 Dakota warriors at the same time on December 26, 1862 in Minnesota--the largest mass execution in US history. Hosted by David Carradine. 9-10pm -- Shootout - Wild West. Savage...sadistic...often justified--America's western frontier triggered many a shootout. The motivation? Money...women...religion--sometimes a dirty look triggered a melee. Western shootouts were messy, drunken, and deadly affairs. The vision of two gunslingers meeting in the street at high noon is pure myth. Shootouts were typically up-close and personal. They involved lawmen against outlaws, outlaws against outlaws, and sometimes lawmen against lawmen. We take a look at the Northfield Raid (James/Younger Gang vs. the Town of Northfield), the shootout at Hanska Slough (James/Younger Gang vs. the Medelia Posse), and Ingalls Raid (Doolin/Dalton Gang vs. US Marshals). And as we provide the motivation, strategy, and tactics, and examine the firearms involved on both sides of the gun battles, we detail each phase of the combat and its aftermath. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - World's Biggest Machines 4. From a giant machine press that stamps out an entire car body to a 125-ton chainsaw that cuts through the world's hardest rock; from a huge telescope that glimpses the ends of the known universe to the world's largest rock crusher. Join us for a workout of the world's largest machines, and take a long look through the lens of the world's biggest optical telescope, the Keck Observatory, atop 13,800-foot Mauna Kea in Hawaii. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, August 3, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Demolition. While a civilization's greatness is reflected in the achievements of architects and engineers, equally impressive are spectacular acts of destruction throughout history. The cycle of construction and destruction reflects the shifting values of any given era. We'll trace the evolution of planned destruction from ancient to modern-day. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Hydraulics. The machines that helped build our world have been powered by hydraulics, a compact system of valves, hoses, and pumps that transmits forces from point to point through fluid. This basic concept of powerful force transmission through fluid provides the drive for most machines today. From the ancient Roman mastery of the aqueduct to Universal Studios, a veritable hydraulic theme park, we see how hydraulics power industry, keep planes flying, and make that 3-point-turn a U-turn. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Dredging. They dig, scoop, suck, and spew an ocean of silt and sediment. Dredgers are the mechanical beasts that fuel the world's economic engine by clearing and deepening ports for mega-container ships. The roots of dredging go back as far as the Egyptians, who used their hands to open channels on the Nile to keep crops watered. The Romans, who used harbor dredging to keep a tight fist on Europe, pioneered the "spoon and bag" dredge to speed up the process. Steam power brought about the first large-scale dredges and helped create the Panama Canal. We'll go aboard two of the largest US dredgers and see how they keep waters moving. And in Holland, we meet the biggest players on the dredging world and witness the launching of the largest dredge ever built. From there, we head to Dubai in the Middle East, where 90 square miles of new islands was dredged from the sea and will now create a pleasure world for the rich and powerful. 10-11pm -- Automaniac - Ridiculously Large Engines. Pushing limits...knocking down barriers...seeing just how far they can go. That's what the innovative builders and mechanics featured in this episode all share. Whether it's a jet-powered fire truck, a 500-HP Dodge Tomahawk Concept Motorcycle, or a 2004 Dodge Viper fitted with a supersonic engine, all of these vehicles were created with one goal in mind--mind-numbing speed! So strap on your seatbelts and get ready to race in some of the most powerful vehicles ever created. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, August 4, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Hangars. Come in for a smooth landing as we explore the history of hangars--stark, massive structures that house and protect flight vehicles. We visit the first hangar, built on a German lake; Boeing's Delta 4 rocket hangar; Hangar Number One in Lakehurst, New Jersey, that housed all US airships built in the 1920s and '30s; and the Space Shuttle's hangar--as big as four skyscrapers! Back in Germany, Cargolifter's mammoth hangar, large enough to enclose the Superdome, signals the rebirth of an industry. 8-10pm -- Quest for Dragons - A spirited exploration of the history, science, and legend of the world's most notorious beast--the dragon, the best-known creature that never was. Throughout history, dragons influenced wars, science, art, and religion. They appear in almost every culture and many still believe in dragons. How could different cultures, isolated by geology and millennia, all invent the same creature? If the dragon is simply the product of our imagination, how could distant peoples, with no knowledge of each other, all invent the same beast? One of the reasons dragons are a perennial favorite is that even though they are the ultimate predator and antagonist, it's also fun to identify with them. In the end, we want to be the dragon as much as we may want to slay the dragon. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Oil Tankers. The biggest moving objects ever built by man, oil tankers dominate the world's waterways, both in size and numbers. Upwards of 10,000 strong, the world tanker fleet's vast number results from the modern, insatiable thirst for oil. We'll dig into the history of oil transport--from Civil War days to the critical WWII years and invention of the supertanker in the 1950s. And we examine the financial impact of modifying these steel leviathans to prevent future catastrophic environmental disasters. ____________________________________________________ Friday, August 5, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Police Guns. Police represent a thin blue line protecting ordinary citizens from hardened criminals. We'll look at the vast array of weapons that police officers across America have wielded for over 150 years in their endless fight to maintain law and order. And stay off the Dead Pool 8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - August 5-11. In Japan, 325 planes from the US 5th and 7th Air Forces, based on Okinawa, raid Tarumizi in the south. Fat Boy, the world's first atom bomb, is dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima from a specially modified B-29, named the Enola Gay after the mother of the pilot, Colonel Paul Tibbets. Around 80,000 people died in the blast that destroyed 60% of the city. Many more are severely injured; others will die later from radiation sickness. Later this week, a second atom bomb--Fat Man--is dropped on Japan; this time over the city of Nagasaki, a major ship-building port. The US 1st Army begins arriving on Luzon to prepare for the forthcoming invasion of Japan. In Moscow, the Soviet government declares war on Japan for that country's refusal to respond to the surrender demands of the "Big Three" at the recent Potsdam Conference. 9-9:30pm -- Mail Call - Army Air Ambulance/1st Special Service Force/Johnson Rifle/MiG-15 vs. F-86/P-59: #46. At Fort Irwin, R. Lee Ermey checks out the Army's state-of-the-art air ambulance--the Blackhawk helicopter; then, he learns why the helicopter became so important to Korean War MASH units that it was dubbed "The Angel of Mercy". Then, he reviews the history of America's First Special Service Force, created in WWII and nicknamed "The Devil's Brigade" by the German Army; sees which Cold War superjet is tougher--the MiG-15 or F-86 Sabre; and checks out the first US operational jet--the P-59. 9:30-10pm -- Mail Call - Heavy Support Vehicles/Dragon Wagon/Rappel/Alice Gear/WWII Merchant Ships/Deep Six: #45. At ease, Private! R. Lee Ermey is your commanding officer as we answer viewer questions about military methods and technology with practical demonstrations. Topics covered: Army Heavy Support Vehicles, including the M88 Heavy Recovery Vehicle and the M1070 Heavy Equipment Transporter; the Dragon Wagon, a WWII-era recovery vehicle; Ranger training in fast-roping and rappelling; All-Purpose Light Weight Individual Carrying Equipment; WWII Liberty and Victory Ships; and the term "Deep Six". 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - The World's Biggest Machines. Join us for a look at the biggest, heaviest, tallest, longest, meanest machines on the planet! We'll see what these monsters do and how they operate, and how they're designed and assembled. Machines investigated include the largest draglines, excavators used in mining; the biggest dump truck; a front-end loader with an 80-ton bucket and the largest tires of any vehicle; the cruise ship, the Voyager of the Seas; a 240-foot tall wind generator; and a fusion reaction machine the size of a football field. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, August 6, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Nuclear Tech. Nuclear research ranges from well-known applications, such as bombs and reactors, to little-known uses in medicine, food preparation, and radiation detection. It's also spawned ancillary technologies to store nuclear waste and clean up accidents. Despite the risk of use and abuse for destructive purposes, many scientists remain optimistic about what's next for the atom. In an explosive hour, we explore the atom in war and peace, and the latest in nuclear power generation, safety, and security. 8-9pm -- Days That Shook the World - Hiroshima. On August 6, 1945, a B-29 bomber took off from a South Pacific Island on a clandestine mission to drop a bomb unlike any other--one that forever changed the world. Archival footage and dramatic reconstruction of events leading up to the first atomic bombing provide insight, along with testimony from Japanese living in Hiroshima in 1945 and Paul Tibbets, who piloted the mission. The physical blast killed 100,000 and flattened 47,000 buildings...but the long-term impact will be felt forever. 9-10:30pm -- Time Machine - An investigation, based on newly released documents, into President Truman's controversial decision to drop the A-bomb. Concludes that the real reason the US dropped the bomb was to intimidate the Soviet Union. 10:30-12am -- Broken Wings - Historian and adventurer Pat Macha introduces us to the world of aviation archaeology, bringing to life once-majestic planes and the men and women who flew them. "Airplane wrecks that remain undisturbed for years provide us with a sobering opportunity to consider the power of nature and the mistaken judgments of man," Macha explains. Teaming up with forensic experts and aviation authorities, Macha transports us to the past at crash sites and pieces together the puzzle behind the twisted metal. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, August 7, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Meteors: Fire in the Sky (2 hours). Meteors, comets, and asteroids cross the solar system to offer clues about our planet and universe. Can they destroy civilizations? Did they wipe out the dinosaurs? Have they brought life to our planet? And when will the next one hit? Aided by elaborate animation and live-action footage, we learn what these mysterious space rocks really are and imagine what likely happened 65-million years ago, when an object plowed into the Yucatan Peninsula. We see how certain spectacular meteor falls advanced our understanding of what they are and the danger that they pose. We talk to leading experts--astronomers and geologists including David Levy and Carolyn Shoemaker, co-discoverers of the Shoemaker-Levy comet that fell into Jupiter in 1994. Part 1 of 2. 8-9pm -- Meteors: Fire in the Sky - Part 2. It isn't a question of if but when the next deadly impact will take place. When will the next Earth-killer hit? We talk to leading experts--astronomers and geologists including David Levy and Carolyn Shoemaker, co-discoverers of the Shoemaker-Levy comet that fell into Jupiter in 1994. And we talk to NASA scientists about recent missions to asteroids and comets and speculate on ways to move Earth-threatening asteroids and comets out of our way. Part 2 of 2. 9-11pm -- Ape to Man - The story of a century-and-a-half of tireless research that led humans to discover their ape-like beginnings. In this 2-hour special, we review several stories of discovery, each a crucial turning point in the understanding of our pre-historical past. Our heroes are the men and women who uncovered the clues, often after backbreaking and obsessive labor in some of the most hostile environments on Earth. Their stories are told with dramatic reconstructions of their expeditions and tantalizing glimpses of the lives of the ancestral humans they uncovered, together with newspaper headlines, news reports and, where available, archive footage and expert interviews. In the course of this enthralling journey, We uncover the stunning facts, wild theories, and compelling conclusions unearthed by pioneering investigators of human origins. This is the story of how 150 years of sweat and toil brought our extraordinary origins into the light. ____________________________________________________ Monday, August 8, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Liberty Ships of WWII. Focusing on a brief but glorious period of American ingenuity, we'll study shipbuilders' response to the demands of WWII. Combining rare National Archive footage with photography shot on vintage ships, we'll see how industrialists transformed the nation's shipyards into mass production facilities in a matter of months. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - UFOs: Then and Now? Aliens and Contact. On July 11, 1991, thousands across Mexico looked skyward during a total eclipse and were greeted with a wave of UFO sightings. Was this a prelude to imminent contact? Or will humans get to the aliens first? Join us for a review of mankind's efforts to reach out to Extraterrestrial Intelligence as we listen for a cosmic signal that we are not alone! 9-10pm -- Decoding The Past - Nostradamus: 500 Years Later, Part 2. Dramatic reenactments take us into the secret study of Nostradamus, where he wrote his famous prophecies. Many believe that it was here where he had visions of Adolf Hitler, Napoleon Bonaparte, and even Louis Pasteur, hundreds of years before they lived. We'll dig into his most famous predictions and unravel his cryptic codes. Did he really predict the assassination of John F. Kennedy, the Great Fire of London, the space shuttle disasters, the Gulf War, and 9/11? We'll let you decide. 10-11pm -- Weird U.S. - Weird Medicine. From cornflakes to crystals, no matter how bizarre the method, Americans haven't been shy about doing whatever it takes to improve their health. In this episode, hosts Mark Sceurman and Mark Moran take viewers around the country to investigate our obsession with weird medicine, and see what doctors and patients have done over the years to achieve a healthy life. It all begins at the world's weirdest medical museum in Philadelphia, and ends up in San Francisco, where we investigate the latest health fad to hit the country--laughter clubs. On our 200-year trip through history we look at everything from finding your "Mojo" through a root doctor, to medical quacks like Albert Abrams, who believed he discovered electronic waves that emit from human organs. And if that's not enough, we also take a look at the life of health pioneer John Harvey Kellogg who may have loved his daily enemas, but still ran the most popular health spa of the early 20th century. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, August 9, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Pleasure Boats. As we power-up and unfurl the sails on a magical cruise through time, viewers meet the people who've devoted their lives to pleasure boating. Traveling throughout the U.S. and Europe, we delve into a world of luxury, adventure, and sport on spectacular vessels ranging from classic yachts to sports boats to the ultimate floating palaces. In this timeless pastime, technological wonders continue to evolve and enthrall. 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Vigilante Tech. In the wilds of the American West, average citizens often stepped into the fray to keep their towns from being taken over by society's dregs. It seemed like pickpockets and pimps rolled into main street the moment gold was struck. And often, it was left up to a few brave men and women to dish out their own brand of justice--vigilante justice, and it wasn't pretty. The hemp neck-tie would string up hundreds of renegades, but vigilantes also needed technology to defend themselves and defeat the most fearsome of criminals. Cannons, forts and even windmills were employed in their "extra-legal" executions. Hosted by David Carradine. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 3. When design flaws fell projects, the cost is often exacted in lives as we see in this look at engineering disasters. Why did the Tower of Pisa begin to lean by as much as 17 feet; what caused the first nuclear accident in 1961 in Idaho; what killed three Soyuz 11 cosmonauts aboard the world's first orbiting space station; how did a winter storm destroy the Air Force's Texas Tower Radar Station, killing 28; and what errors led to NASA's loss of the Mars Climate Orbiter and the Mars Polar Lander? 10-11pm -- Man, Moment, Machine - The Great Sub Rescue. It's 1939. In the two decades since the development of submarines, there has been no technology capable of rescuing crews trapped in downed subs. A Navy submarine called the Squalus malfunctions and sinks to the bottom of the Atlantic. All 33 survivors know there has never been a rescue from a sunken submarine. Their only hope at this moment is one man: maverick Navy commander Charles "Swede" Momsen. He's on his way with a machine he invented that's destined to change history. Join host Hunter Ellis at the Naval Submarine Center as he suits up with submariners in a sub training tank and demonstrates how the Squalus crew fought the powerful force of rushing water as their sub sank. And we'll take a look at Momsen's rescue chamber--a 10-foot high diving bell that operates like an underwater elevator and offers the only way out for men condemned to this slow death. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, August 10, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Panzers. German tanks revolutionized military doctrine. Their speed and tactical usage, backed up by the Luftwaffe, helped create the Blitzkrieg (lightning war) that stormed over Europe and dominated battlefields. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Towing. Think you know towing? As simple as engaging a tow man when your car is stalled? From mighty tugboats that guide massive ships safely into port, dizzying roller coasters that send cars careening up and down hills, to funicular railroads that climb mountainsides, when it comes to towing, being a "drag" was never so good! We also watch a 125-year-old church as it's towed on the back of a flatbed truck, and rocket towards space as we're hauled 20,000 feet-high behind a Boeing 747! 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Lube Job. From chariot wheels of ancient Egypt to hard disks in a computer to the wheels on a Mars rover, machinery can't function without lubricants. And in today's technology, there are a mind-boggling number of friction points that must be lubed, and a staggering number of lubricants-- petroleum motor oils that keep car engines from burning up, synthetic greases that stay put in the zero gravity of space, and solid coatings that prevent eggs from sticking to a pan. We'll see how this marvel of chemistry works and how it's used. Peering into the future, we'll behold a power generator that employs air as a lubricant, trains using magnetic levitation, which eliminates any need for lubrication, and bio-engineered vegetable oils that promise to take humanity back to one of its very first lubricants. From helping medieval windmills spin, to allowing robotic arms on planetary rovers to move, lubricants are crucial to the advance of technology and literally keep the wheels of progress turning. 10-11pm -- Automaniac - Low Riders. They spray brilliant sparks when scraping over asphalt. They dance down dark alleys like a salsa performer and hop higher than a kangaroo. They are a unique combination of art, sophistication, and technology welded together to create the ultimate automobile phenomenon. From their Mexican origin to car shows throughout the world, they have become some of the coolest cars to cruise the boulevards of the American Southwest. They are Low Riders and they're heading your way. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, August 11, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Magnum. It's known as the most powerful handgun in the world, made famous by Clint Eastwood in the Dirty Harry movies. But its origins stretch back more than a century to the Indian Wars of the American West and African safaris, where hunters stalked big game. Join us for a review of the history of the biggest, baddest gun available today--unlimited firepower at the pull of a trigger! And stay off the Dead Pool 8-10pm -- Ape to Man - The story of a century-and-a-half of tireless research that led humans to discover their ape-like beginnings. In this 2-hour special, we review several stories of discovery, each a crucial turning point in the understanding of our pre-historical past. Our heroes are the men and women who uncovered the clues, often after backbreaking and obsessive labor in some of the most hostile environments on Earth. Their stories are told with dramatic reconstructions of their expeditions and tantalizing glimpses of the lives of the ancestral humans they uncovered, together with newspaper headlines, news reports and, where available, archive footage and expert interviews. In the course of this enthralling journey, We uncover the stunning facts, wild theories, and compelling conclusions unearthed by pioneering investigators of human origins. This is the story of how 150 years of sweat and toil brought our extraordinary origins into the light. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Logging Tech. When Paul Bunyan cried "Timber!", he never foresaw today's cutting-edge, controversial industry that feeds a ravenous, lumber-crazy world--a world striving to protect nature while devouring it. Come into the woods to see how he-men and hi-tech combine forces to topple 4-billion trees annually; journey to 19th-century America, when lumberjacks cut a legend as large as the timber they felled; and travel with a tree from stump to sawmill and learn its non-wood uses--from aspirin to film to toothpaste! ____________________________________________________ Friday, August 12, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Failed Inventions. Join us for a salute to the dreamers and schemers who brought the world an odd assortment of flawed ideas--like flying, swimming, and jet-powered automobiles, flying rocket belts, and radium-filled clothes that promised to inflate the owner's sagging love life! And we explore the minds of the off-kilter geniuses who thought up these off-the-mark concepts. Some tinkerers' musings were merely ahead of their time and deemed flops during the inventor's lifetime, but others were just plain bad! 8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - August 12-18. In Tokyo, the Japanese government at last accepts the inevitable and surrenders to the Allies unconditionally. President Truman, addressing crowds from the portico of the White House, said "this is the day we've been waiting for since Pearl Harbor." The surrender will be formally made to General MacArthur at a later ceremony aboard the US battleship Missouri anchored in Tokyo Bay. Emperor Hirohito makes an emotional broadcast to the Japanese nation saying that they had no choice but to surrender. Otherwise the country would have been destroyed by what he described as "a new and most cruel bomb". General MacArthur is appointed Supreme Allied Commander. VJ Day--Victory over Japan--is declared a national holiday. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - A-10 Tankbuster. The most feared aircraft in the Air Force arsenal, the A-10 Tankbuster was the first aircraft in U.S. aviation history designed specifically for Close Air Support. From its first taste of battle in Desert Storm to the recent assault on Baghdad, the A-10 carries enough weaponry into battle to disable 16 main battle tanks, and with its amazing 30 millimeter 7-barrelled cannon, the "Flying Gun" dominates the skies. Features interviews with A-10 pilots, many of whom flew in Operation Iraqi Freedom. 10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - Anti-Tank Rocket/Bazooka/HQ Tour/Tactical Operations Center/Downed Pilots Rescue: #23. R. Lee Ermey heads to the range with the Marines to demonstrate the bazooka's replacement--an AT-4 shoulder-mounted anti-tank rocket--and finds out how the bazooka got its name. After a tongue-in-cheek tour of Mail Call Headquarters, we learn how commanders stay in touch with the battlefield at a Tactical Operations Center, a mobile command post for the computer age. We meet Air Force Pararescuemen, who rescue downed pilots behind enemy lines, and discover the origin of a 21-gun salute. 10:30-11pm -- Mail Call - # 67. Host R. Lee Ermey hits the road to give us an inside look at one of the most secure and super-secret facilities in the world--NORAD. Lee gets through tight security to enter Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center, America's eye in the sky where everything that flies is monitored 24/7. During a tour of the Battle Management Center, an incident of concern puts the center on alert and we see how NORAD operates under pressure. We also tour the Missile Command Center and find out what keeps the 800 military personnel inside on their toes. And Brigadier General Jim Hunter unlocks the door for Lee to the most secret part of Cheyenne Mountain--the Command Center, or what a lot of people call the War Room. We see how the men and women who work here monitor planes, missiles, and even space junk to make sure North America stays safe. The General and Lee talk about how NORAD's mission has changed since September 11th and we get a sneak peak at the new command center. MonsterVision host segments for WarGames at NORAD ____________________________________________________ Saturday, August 13, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Taxidermy. It began as a tool used by prehistoric man to attract animals to the hunt. Over time it became an invaluable study aid for the natural scientist and a popular hobby for hunters and fishermen. Join us for a tantalizing look at the history of taxidermy, the craft of preserving animal skins and using them to recreate a still life of the animal as it appeared in life. We also check out fiberglass reproduction, which is gaining popularity as fish and game regulations become stricter. Finally, we examine human subjects in taxidermy. Using the very latest process of plastination, the once taboo science and art of preserving and displaying human corpses now draws crowds in Europe, Asia, and the U.S., proving the age-old practice continues to mesmerize us! 8-12am -- Movies in Time - Movie. Beautifully shot in South Dakota, Kevin Costner's directing debut took home seven Oscars including Best Picture, Director, and Cinematography. Costner stars as the idealistic Lt. John Dunbar, who requests a position on the western frontier after the Civil War, where he makes friends with a wolf and a Sioux tribe that dubs him "Dances with Wolves". As the frontier disappears and the army advances, Dunbar must make a decision that will affect the lives of the Sioux he now calls his people. (1990) ____________________________________________________ Sunday, August 14, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Days That Shook the World - Hiroshima. On August 6, 1945, a B-29 bomber took off from a South Pacific Island on a clandestine mission to drop a bomb unlike any other--one that forever changed the world. Archival footage and dramatic reconstruction of events leading up to the first atomic bombing provide insight, along with testimony from Japanese living in Hiroshima in 1945 and Paul Tibbets, who piloted the mission. The physical blast killed 100,000 and flattened 47,000 buildings...but the long-term impact will be felt forever. 8-9:25pm -- Band of Brothers - Currahee. They were ordinary men, swept up in the most extraordinary conflict in history. With the eyes of the world upon them, they found their greatest source of strength in each other. From Tom Hanks and Steven Spielberg, this is the story of Easy Company--an elite team of US paratroopers whose WWII exploits are as incredible as they are true. Part 1 begins on June 4, 1944, in England, as Lts. Richard Winters (Damian Lewis) and Lewis Nixon (Ron Livingston) reflect on the past that led them to D-Day. 9:25-11pm -- Mail Call - VJ Day Special. From the deck of the USS Intrepid in New York City, host R. Lee Ermey gives viewers the scoop on the war that the US waged across the Pacific in WWII, culminating with the Japanese surrender and American celebration of VJ Day on August 14, 1945. This 60th anniversary program includes patriotic events on the Intrepid throughout the day. Between these events, Gunnery Sergeant Ermey covers all the highlights of America's historic island-hopping campaign--from the tragedy of Pearl Harbor to the pivotal battle of Midway and storming the bloody beaches of Iwo Jima. As the Gunny tours the Intrepid and highlights its contributions, viewers learn about the gear and the guys who made it all happen. Sailors and naval aviators turned aircraft carriers like the Intrepid into the most lethal weapon on the high seas. Tune in to celebrate the ingenuity and fighting spirit that defeated the seemingly invincible Japanese Empire and finally brought an end to WWII. ____________________________________________________ Monday, August 15, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Chrysler Building. The 1,046-foot Chrysler Building in New York City, erected between 1928 and 1930, was the world's tallest edifice--until the Empire State Building eclipsed it in 1931! Since then, this Art Deco masterpiece has become one of the most beloved skyscrapers on the city skyline. Financed by auto tycoon Walter P. Chrysler and designed by architect William Van Alen, the private office building was constructed by more than 2,000 men. Find out why it was the first--and last--skyscraper Van Alen designed. 8-10pm -- X Day: The Plan to Invade Japan - By spring of 1942, Japan controlled the western Pacific, the Philippines, and large parts of Indochina. America and her allies knew that final victory could only be achieved by unconditional surrender and that would involve occupation of the Japanese homeland. This is the story Operation Downfall, the plan to invade and occupy Japan that would dwarf the D-Day landings in Europe. According to the plan, on X-Day--November 1, `45--General MacArthur would lead an invasion force onto the beaches of Kyushu, the southern most of the Japanese Islands. Y-Day would follow six months later when the largest beach landing in military history would take Tokyo. Politicians and military strategists knew that Japanese resistance would be ferocious. Plans for the invasion continued throughout `45 until President Truman made the decision to drop the atom bomb. We trace the invasion plans from Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima and analyze why Truman chose the bomb over Operation Downfall. 10-11pm -- Weird U.S. - Weird Worship. On a pilgrimage of weird worship, hosts Mark Sceurman and Mark Moran begin with America's birth and pious exiles seeking refuge. In California, they meet a man who spent the last 20 years building a shrine to Jesus from car parts, tires, adobe, and more than 100,000 gallons of paint. In Iowa, they visit "The Grotto of the Redemption", a huge monument handmade from rocks and semi-precious stones. In Florida, they stop at one of America's earliest cults--the Koreshan Unity Movement, which maintained life was lived on the inside, not the outside, of planet Earth. Returning to California, they visit the UNARIUS Academy of Science, where it's taught that past-life regression, channeling messages from other worlds, and impending contact with "space brothers" will help us achieve enlightenment. Finally, they examine the Union of the Vegetable, a New Mexico sect suing the DEA for prohibiting use of a hallucinogenic tea they claim is integral to their religion. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, August 16, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - New York Bridges. Much of New York City's history can be viewed via its bridges--all 18 that connect Manhattan Island to its neighbors. Join us for a look at these architectural masterpieces from the age of iron and steel; and, see how they have changed destinies, linking some to opportunity, others to ruin. 8-9pm -- Japan's Atomic Bomb - A revealing look at the untold story of Japan's atomic bomb, and how they may have detonated a nuclear device just two days before surrender. Since the end of WWII, conventional wisdom claimed that Imperial Japan was years away from building an atomic weapon--this special shatters this view. Using once secret Japanese wartime documents, we provide evidence that Japan had world-class nuclear physicists, access to uranium ore, and cyclotrons to process it. They devised an innovative way to deliver the bombs using 400-foot long Sen Toku submarines, capable of carrying and launching airplanes. Most startling--just six days after Hiroshima, Japan tested its own atomic device on a small island 20 miles off the Korean coast. The sobering conclusion is that Japan may have been just weeks behind the US in the race for the bomb. 9-10pm -- Shootout - WWII Assault on Germany. In 1944, General Eisenhower's order was short and to the point: destroy the German army. If successful, Allied forces would win the war in Europe. To American GIs that meant defeating a foe bent on defending his homeland at all cost. This episode recounts and reenacts the experiences of US soldiers who participated in one of WWII's greatest military campaigns Through interviews, archival footage, and recreations, vets share graphic memories of penetrating the Siegfried Line, the formidable German border-defense system; fighting in the Hurtgen Forest, a dark, dense wooded area that rendered tanks and air power useless; and sewing up the industrial region known as the Ruhr Pocket. Veterans put viewers right in harm's way with their deeply personal stories of what it was like to conquer Germany one pillbox, one troop shelter, one hilltop, and one town at a time. They shed tears over lost comrades and reveal the effects of combat, including psychological stress that still haunts them. 10-11pm -- Man, Moment, Machine - Doolittle's Daring Raid. It's 1942--the height of WWII. Bombers have never before taken off from an aircraft carrier, but the moment has come. Daredevil pilot Jimmy Doolittle and his handpicked squadron train for a one-way mission using modified B-25s. They're on a mission to bomb Tokyo, avenge Pearl Harbor, and hopefully bring an end to the war. There is not enough fuel for them to land safely. They know they will either make history, or die trying. In this episode, host Hunter Ellis examines The Man--celebrated pilot Lieutenant Colonel James H. Doolittle; The Machine--the B-25 Bomber; and The Moment--Doolittle's dramatic raid on Japan. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, August 17, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Empire State Building. The amazing story of how the New York City skyscraper was constructed during the depths of the Depression. Requiring 10-million bricks and 60,000 tons of steel beams, and using a revolutionary technique to hold the steel girders in place--hot rivets--the landmark building was completed four months ahead of schedule. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Secret Luftwaffe Aircraft of WWII. German military aircraft designs were decades ahead of their Allied counterparts. To insure Luftwaffe superiority, their designers tested advanced concepts including swept-wing and vertical take-off aircraft and stealth bombers. Using computer-generated images and archival footage, we trace development of Hitler's airborne arsenal. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - The Atlantic Wall. Join us for an exploration of the Nazi construction called the Atlantic Wall--3,000 miles of shore fortifications along occupied European coastline. We'll highlight the logistics of construction, types of fortifications, weapons, and obstacles in the wall used by the Germans. We also detail the Allied D-Day invasion. 10-11pm -- Automaniac - World War II. They're the cars made famous during the Second World War. Franklin Roosevelt's 1938 Ford Convertible, modified to be driven using hand controls because of the president's polio. General Dwight D. Eisenhower's 1942 Cadillac, the massive luxury car piloted by Kay Somersby, Eisenhower's longtime chauffeur and confidante. Hitler and Göring's Mercedes 540K and 770K, two of the most ostentatious and chrome-laden cars ever built. And the Rolls Royce, favored by such diverse figures as Field Marshall Bernard Montgomery of Great Britain and Emperor Hirohito of Japan. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, August 18, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Modern Marvels: Statue of Liberty It started as an idea at a French dinner party and became the symbol of the free world. The story of France's gift to the U.S. reveals a 20-year struggle to design and build the world's largest monument--using paper-thin copper sheets. This program is part of a special night of 3 hour commercial-free programming 7-10PM ET/PT. 8-10pm -- Boneyard: Where Machines End Their Lives - Where do machines go when they die? From B-52 Bombers to massive aircraft carriers, from passenger cars to Cold War cruise missiles and remnants of the Twin Towers, all that we manufacture has a lifespan. But reaching the end of their original purposes can be just the beginning. Join us on a fascinating visual journey as we follow some of our greatest achievements in manufacturing, design engineering, and construction to their after-lives and final resting places. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Bricks. The history of civilization has been built on the back of brick, and it's been said that "architecture itself began when two bricks were put together well." From great Egyptian temples to the Roman aqueducts, the Great Wall of China, and the dome of the Hagia Sophia, brick is one of the oldest, yet least celebrated, building materials manufactured by man. In this hard-packed episode, we explore brick's past, highlighting defining moments, such as the Great London Fire of 1666, the zenith years of brick in the New York Hudson River Valley, and brick as an essential building block in infrastructure and industry. We'll feature advancements through the ages as well as construction techniques, trends, and the future of brick construction. Essentially, brick is still just burnt clay...it has been around for thousands of years, but continues to serve as the backdrop of the modern age. ____________________________________________________ Friday, August 19, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The NYC Subway. Informative look at that amazing "hole in the ground", the New York City subway system. Meet the riders, a towerman who helps run the system, a revenue agent collecting the day's cash from token booths, amateur musicians that perform at the stations, and others who make the subway one of the city's most fascinating public spaces. 8-9pm -- Heavy Metal - The F-14. October 7, 2001: Missiles from lethal US jets rain down onto Afghanistan. One powerful and deadly plane led the majority of the assaults--the F-14 Tomcat, the world's most complete military fighter. No other fighter jet carries the F-14's unique combination of weapons. Its state-of-the-art system can spot an oncoming enemy plane at almost 200 miles. Its radar can detect targets as low as 50 feet and as high as 80,000 feet and does so three times faster than the radar of any other fighter jet. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - F/A-22 Raptor. Built around "first look, first shot, first kill" design, the F/A-22 Raptor, the most advanced aircraft of its breed, is set to become the Air Dominance Fighter of the 21st century. Deadly and undetectable at long-range, this super-jet is the latest in 5th generation fighter technology. Capable of super-cruise and packing an array of deadly missile systems, this stealth jet blends dogfighting skill with precision-strike ground attack capability and can intercept and strike any target with near impunity. In the 1980s, as Cold War tensions heightened and US defense spending increased, the Air Force decided it needed a replacement fighter for its F15 Eagle. The Advanced Tactical Fighter program was born, and the largest, most expensive program of its kind hatched the Raptor. Follow the 25-year development of America's deadliest fighter and see how stealth, super-cruise, and integrated avionics combine to create a fighter without equal. 10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - WWII Half Track/Arctic Vehicles/Weird Weapons/Navy Hydrofoil/Combat Controller: #35. Shot on location, R. Lee Ermey answers viewer questions about the military with practical demonstrations in the field. Lee tears around in a WWII M2A2 half track, with a combination of tracks and wheels; demonstrates Army vehicles designed for extreme arctic conditions, including the world's longest truck--the 572-foot Snow Train; strange weapons used by the Allies in WWII; and Navy hydrofoils. And he explains the function of Air Force combat controllers and Marine Corps gunnery sergeants. 10:30-11pm -- Mail Call - Afghanistan: #68. R. Lee Ermey returns to Afghanistan for a special hour from Bagram Air Base devoted to the hard-charging Marines stationed there. After an historical overview of the role of the Marine Corps in Afghanistan, the Gunny goes on foot patrol into the rural villages surrounding Kabul. With his armed Marine Corps escorts, the Gunny shows what it's like to gather intelligence and promote goodwill among the Afghanis. Next, Lee goes for a ride in the Ch-53 Super Stallion, gets a little trigger time on a helicopter gunship--the Cobra attack helicopter, and test drives the Marine Corps' newest heavy duty truck, the MTVR. Finally, Lee spends time with the lifeline for the Marines in Afghanistan, the Medical Corpsman, and finds out how they treat injuries on base and on the battlefield. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, August 20, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Deadliest Weapons. In this fiery hour, we profile five of man's deadliest weapons, focusing on the inventors, battles, and dark technology behind their lethality. We begin with the deadliest bomb ever created, the Tsar Bomba--a 50-megaton nuclear bomb with a yield thousands of times greater than the one dropped on Hiroshima. During WWI, technological advances in weaponry led to the deaths of over 8-million, and one of the deadliest killers was the machine gun. In WWII, the use of incendiary bombs killed hundreds of thousands of people. Another deadly invention of WWII was the proximity fuse, or VT fuse, that allowed artillery to detonate within a predetermined range of an enemy target. Finally, we examine VX nerve gas, thought by many to be the deadliest chemical agent ever created and suspected to have been used by Saddam Hussein with devastating results. We'll visit Edgewood Chemical BioCenter, which plays a large role in protection and detection for our troops in Iraq. 8-9pm -- Digging for the Truth - Hunt for the Lost Ark. For centuries, adventurers, and archaeologists--the devout and determined, and even Indiana Jones--have all searched for the Bible's most sacred lost treasure: the Ark of the Covenant. Yet, despite all its fame, it mysteriously disappeared from the pages of history tens of centuries ago. How could something so powerful and holy simply vanish? That's what host and adventurer Josh Bernstein is determined to find out when he follows a trail that starts where the Ark's story begins--on Mount Sinai. Next, he explores a secret maze beneath Jerusalem's streets and visits Deir es Sultan, an Ethiopian monastery located on the roof of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. In Ethiopia, he climbs up a sheer cliff to reach Debre Damo, one of the country's most ancient monasteries, and travels across Lake Tana to the place where some say the Ark is kept today. But how close can he get to this mighty and mysterious treasure? 9-10pm -- Time Machine - Ancient Computer? Journey back in time for an eye-opening look at the amazing ancient roots of technologies we like to think of as modern. New research suggests that many of the inventions of the last 200 years may, in fact, have already been known to the ancients. In Part 1, we explore the Antikythera mechanism, an ancient machine that was discovered deep in the Aegean Sea. Could it perhaps have been an ancient computer? Could Archimedes have had a hand in its creation? 10-11pm -- Time Machine - Galen, Doctor to the Gladiators. In this fascinating series, we examine ancient inventions once believed to have been created in modern times, and test the wits of ancient inventors against some of the world's great modern inventors. Part 2 uncovers the revolutionary work of Galen, the great Roman doctor to the gladiators, who was performing brain surgery 2,000 years ahead of his time. We also explore the sophistication of Roman medicine and compare it to modern techniques. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, August 21, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Time Machine - Galen, Doctor to the Gladiators (repeat) 8-9pm -- Ancient Discoveries - Ships. Lurking beneath the blue waters of Lake Nemi lay the titans of Roman naval engineering--the Nemi Ships. These titanic luxury liners of the ancient world held inventions lost for thousands of years. But why were they built? Were they Caligula's notorious floating pleasure palaces--rife with excess and debauchery? Flagships of a giant sea force? It took the obsession of Mussolini with all things Roman to finally prise the two huge wrecks from the depths of Lake Nemi near Rome. Using an ancient Roman waterway, he drained the lake and rescued the ships, an accomplishment captured on film that we access to illustrate this astounding story. Sophisticated ancient technology was discovered in the boats that transformed the understanding of Roman engineering overnight--the Nemi ships were a breathtaking find. Yet by 1944, the adventure had turned sour and the retreating German Army torched the boats. We reveal the mysteries of the Nemi Ships and the ancient technology that made them possible. 9-10pm -- Ancient Discoveries - Warfare. Warfare was a way of life in the ancient world. The technology of war drove ancient inventors and engineers to ever-greater lengths to defeat their enemies. They were, perhaps, the greatest masterminds of the battlefield-- yet who were they, and how did they make their sophisticated lethal machines over 2,000 years ago? Ancient warfare was every bit as technical and lethal as warfare of today. Just witness the colossal and lethal Helepolis ("city taker"), the most sophisticated siege machine in history. From the sinister machines that could bring a city's wall crashing down to Greek Fire, the napalm of the ancient world--warfare was as terrible then as it is now. The sheer ingenuity and complexity with which these machines of war were created proves that the people of the ancient world were great inventors, mathematicians, and engineers. 10-11:05pm -- Band of Brothers - Day of Days. Planes carrying thousands of paratroopers cross the English Channel into French airspace, where German flak causes the pilots to drop them in a less than safe and organized fashion. Lt. Winters (Damian Lewis) lands alone in a field, soon joined by John Hall (Andrew Scott), a private from another company. Executive producers Tom Hanks and Steven Spielberg bring to life renowned WWII historian Stephen Ambrose's nonfiction book about an Army rifle company that parachuted into France on D-Day. ____________________________________________________ Monday, August 22, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Military Movers. The challenge: Move millions of soldiers and tons of cargo halfway around the world and into the thick of action. How? Use the biggest ships, the widest planes, and the strongest trucks. Today, military planners move men and equipment further and faster than ever. The United States Transportation Command, answering to the Department of Defense, runs military transport like an efficient private shipping and travel agency. From the Civil War to US Transcom, we track the development of military logistics. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - UFOs and the White House. Did you know that the office of President of the United States has had a direct involvement with UFOs for over 50 years? Since WWII, every Chief Executive has publicly discussed, issued, or received documents from the White House pertaining to "Unidentified Flying Objects". Many of these documents have never been seen on television before and some of the stories surrounding these UFO-presidential encounters are broadcast for the first time. Find out which administrations had to defend our country from unidentified objects...who was sitting in the Oval Office during the biggest UFO sightings...and how the government's UFO files are handled, depending on political affiliations. We'll gather the facts and glean information from presidential libraries that reveal startling insight on UFOs and the White House. 9-10pm -- Decoding The Past - Countdown to Armageddon, Part 1. Asteroids on a collision course with Earth, super volcanoes, global warming, killer viruses--all are potential catastrophes that threaten to wipe out life on our planet. Are these simply natural disasters that have been occurring since time immemorial? Or are these threats terrifying prophesies from the Bible that are at last coming true? Are our fears overblown? Or are the infamous Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse riding among us in a countdown to Armageddon? 10-11pm -- Weird U.S. - Rebels and Traitors. Most are aware of the historical significance and grave costs of rebellion in America that made our country what it is for better and worse. But US history is also full of lesser-known plots to rebel, revolt, and subvert the government, and they're kind of weird as hosts Mark Sceurman and Mark Moran learn. They uncover the story of US history's one and only emperor; wade through cutlasses, treasure, and talking severed heads on the trail of one of America's original rebels, the pirate Blackbeard; and visit a fledgling nation--complete with its own passports and government. Our two Marks trek the country in search of bizarre, unexplained, or just plain zany stories that somehow flew under the radar screen of American History. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, August 23, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Bathroom Tech. From tub to toilet to toothpaste, here's everything you ever wanted to know about the most used and least discussed room in the house. From the first home bathrooms in ancient India, Roman latrines, and bizarre Victorian-era bath contraptions, to modern luxurious master bathroom suites, we trace the history of bathing, showering, and oral hygiene. And we reveal the messy truth about what was used before toilet paper--brainchild of the Scott Brothers of Philadelphia--and why astronauts wear diapers. 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Native American Tech. Explore the might and power of the Native American tribes that once populated the Wild West with host Keith Carradine. We examine their weaponry--tomahawk, lance, slingshot, bow and arrow, and club--and how they cleverly adapted modern weaponry to their own use. You'll learn about their battle strategies as we introduce their most famous leaders, including Geronimo, Crazy Horse, Red Cloud, and Sitting Bull. And we demonstrate various medicinal and surgical procedures that they used on wounded warriors. 9-10pm -- Shootout - Battle for Baghdad. For 21 days in the spring of 2003, two US Army and Marine divisions race north across the Iraqi desert from Kuwait. Their mission: seize the Iraqi capital as quickly as possible. The planners of Operation Iraqi Freedom believe that taking Baghdad in a hurry will be like "cutting off the head of the snake" and will bring a speedy end to the war. But it won't be a cakewalk. A tenacious force of guerrilla fighters throw up roadblocks. They call themselves Saddam Fedayeen--Saddam's Men of Sacrifice. The Fedayeen weapon of choice is the RPG--the rocket-propelled grenade. This nasty piece of handheld artillery can stop the Marines' thin-shelled armored personnel carrier, and it can even put a tank out of commission if it hits it in just the right spot. We'll hear from troops who found themselves on the receiving end of punishing RPG barrages and veterans who recount stories of brutal shootouts on the bloody road to Baghdad. 10-11pm -- Man, Moment, Machine - Stormin' Norman and the Abrams Tank. The Date: 1991. The Mission: Drive Saddam Hussein's army and elite Republican Guard from Kuwait. The Man: US 4-star General Norman Schwarzkopf. The Machine of Choice: the M1A1 "Abrams" tank, firing what the gunners call "the silver bullet". Saddam predicts it will be the "Mother of all Battles," but Schwarzkopf knows he can beat the Republican Guard with the "Mother-of-all-Tanks"--the most technologically advanced tank in the history of warfare. Inside the tank, host Hunter Ellis demonstrates how what they call "Sabot" rounds can be loaded and fired in three seconds. Just one of these "silver bullets" can penetrate an Iraqi tank and completely destroy it. In just 100 hours of battle, Schwarzkopf drives the Iraqis from Kuwait and shatters Saddam's army. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, August 24, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Garage Gadgets. Handy around the house? You will be after this history of the household garage. From lawn care products to snow removal and outdoor cooking, the garage gadgets for do-it-yourselfers have evolved over the decades to meet the ever-changing challenges of maintaining a home. With a typical garage as our starting point, we'll explore the uncommon histories behind some common garage items such as the lawn mower, string trimmer, leaf blower, barbecue grill, and more. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Route 66. Route 66, encompassing eight states from Illinois to California and 2,400 miles, represented an American myth--that something better lay over the rainbow. Route 66 began in the early 20th century when a confluence of technologies--automotive, steel construction, and concrete paving--merged with population explosion, westward migration, and prosperity after WWI. The federal government responded with highway bills that converted existing roadways into an interstate called Route 66. Later, WWII highlighted the need for a strategic system similar to Germany's Autobahn--wider, safer, and more advanced. As federal and state governments worked on a superhighway, millions sought "their kicks on Route 66." By 1985, the abandoned roadway no longer "officially" existed, yet, it remains a destination for nostalgic travelers wishing to recapture a simpler, more adventurous era. No relation to horror movie Route 666 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - The World's Fastest. Perhaps no field has experienced this revolution in velocity more acutely than transportation. We look at five blazingly fast technological marvels that have pushed the speed limits to the very edge, each with its own unique and dramatic history: the world's fastest production car (Sweden's Koenigsegg CCR); the world's fastest train (the Maglev in Shanghai); the world's fastest boat (The Spirit of Australia); the world's fastest roller coaster (the Kingda Ka) and the fastest thing on earth (the Holloman High Speed Test Track), used to test highly sensitive equipment for many branches of the government and commercial clients. 10-11pm -- Automaniac - Bikes from Hell. These are motorcycles for the hardcore biker. Bikers who join clubs or gangs want the best, fastest, or nastiest of the breed. These are their bikes of choice. From the rare to the nitrous enhanced, we'll take you on a ride packed with pure adrenaline. So strap on your helmets and hold on tight. You'll be tearing up the pavement in the ride of your life. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, August 25, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- History's Mysteries - Ship of Gold. In 1857, en route to New York from California, the steamship Central America vanished in a killer storm off North Carolina's coast, taking with her 400 passengers and nearly 21 tons of gold bullion. Here is the story of the worst US peacetime sea disaster, and how high-tech treasure hunters recovered her fortune over 130 years later. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Rubber. The story of rubber is more than tires, toys, gloves, and gum--it's imbedded in modern life, from the controversial Challenger O-rings to seals on hydrogen fuel cells. A gigantic worldwide synthetic rubber industry creates exotic elastomers for high-tech applications, while China's rapid industrialization plays havoc with the world's natural rubber supply. From the ancient Olmecs of Yucatán, who knew the secret of vulcanization, to modern processing plants, we trace rubber's history and future. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Glue. It's Super! It's Krazy! And it can be found in everything from carpet to computers, books to boats, shoes to the Space Shuttle. It's even used in surgery! Without it, our material world would simply fall apart. In this episode, we'll visit the stuck-up, tacky world of glue. Glue's sticky trajectory spans human history and we'll cover it all--from Neolithic cave dwellers who used animal glue to decorate ceremonial skulls to modern everyday glues and their uses, including Elmer's glue, 3M's masking and Scotch tape, and the super glues. Remember the Krazy Glue commercial in which a man held himself suspended from a hard hat that had just been glued to a beam? Well, that 1970s vintage ad understates the power of glue. With the help of a crane, we're going to hoist a 6,000-pound pickup truck off the ground by a steel joint that's been bonded with glue! 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Paint. From the Impressionist canvas to the Space Shuttle...from customized hotrods to the brilliant orange hue of the Golden Gate Bridge or tiny electronic devices--paint is one of our most ubiquitous products. And paint adds more than just pigmentation. It's a crucial engineering element, protecting ships from water corrosion, stovetops from heat, and the Stealth Bomber from radar detection. In homes and businesses, it provides a balanced spectrum of light and protects surfaces from wear. In this colorful hour, we discover how this marvel of chemistry and engineering is made, and how it is applied. Come see what's beneath the surface as we reveal one of man's most ingenious methods of defeating the elements and adding spice to life! ____________________________________________________ Friday, August 26, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Fire and Ice. Who could imagine life without our "man-made weather"? On cold winter nights and hot summer days, we are forever grateful to the visionaries who took two basic elements--fire and ice--and turned them into true modern marvels. Fire warmed the caves and primitive dwellings of mankind for centuries, yet the technology of keeping cool lagged far behind as we learn in this chronicle of heating and air conditioning that covers advancements from the home and industry to outer space and beyond! 8-9pm -- B-52: Stratofortress. For nearly half a century, one bomber has dominated the skies. With a maximum speed of 650 mph, a range of over 8,000 miles, and ability to drop a massive 70,000 pounds of bombs, it's the most lethal bomber in the world. This is the dramatic story of the race to produce the first intercontinental jet bomber and the success of the B-52--from the Cold War to its use in the war against terrorism in Afghanistan. The B-52's projected combat life is until 2045--no other bomber comes close to this record. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - B-2 Bomber. In any battle, the key to victory is the ability to strike the enemy without them knowing what hit them. Within the US arsenal one such weapon can go into harm's way, deliver 40,000 pounds of either conventional or nuclear bombs, and slip away unobserved--the B-2 Stealth Bomber. With its origins in single-wing experimentation in Germany in the 1930s, the B-2 was developed under a cloak of secrecy. But when that cloak was lifted, the world was awed by what stood before them. Able to fly over 6,000 miles without refueling, it can reach whatever target the US military wants to attack and deliver its awesome array of laser-guided weapons with pinpoint accuracy. Using state-of-the-art technology, including over 130 onboard computers, and shrouded by a mantle of stealth, it's undetectable by any radar. 10-11pm -- Mail Call - B-2: #76. At Whiteman Air Force Base in Missouri, host R. Lee Ermey gets to do something only a few hundred humans have done before him--take a ride in a B-2 Stealth Bomber on a mock bomb run! The Gunny sets the stage for his historic flight by giving us the facts and stats on what makes the B-2 the greatest bomber in the history of aviation. Then, we go along on Lee's pre-flight training as he prepares to get airborne. From the cockpit, he shows viewers what it's like to fly in a stealth bomber. The Whiteman crew the Gunny flies with are part of the 509th Bomber Group, the same squadron that flew the first atomic bomb missions back in World War II. In his tribute to the 509th, the Gunny shows how the Enola Gay and other bombers got the mission done. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, August 27, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 5. Examines some of the most notorious engineering failures of recent years and asks what went wrong and what we learned from them. We take viewers to the southern coast of Louisiana, where a misplaced oilrig caused an entire lake to be sucked into an underground salt mine; review the 1972 Buffalo Creek dam disaster; revisit the Exxon Valdez oil spill; see how radio and TV antenna towers collapse with alarming regularity; and look at the collision of two California icons--freeways and earthquakes! 8-9pm -- Save Our History - Apollo: The Race against Time. What remains of the spacecraft designed to propel American astronauts to the moon? How are they being saved for future generations? Host Steve Thomas focuses on the efforts by NASA, the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum, and the Kansas Cosmosphere and Space Center to bring to life US space exploration through preservation of historic spacecraft and equipment from Apollo missions of the 1960s. We meet Buzz Aldrin, who walked on the moon during Apollo 11, the first Apollo mission, and Gene Cernan, who, during Apollo 17, became the last man to walk on the moon. We tour NASA's original Mission Control with former Mission Director Gene Kranz, now a National Historic Landmark, and we check out the spacesuit "morgue" with conservator Mandy Young to see how spacesuits from the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo projects (and even earlier) are stored, cleaned, and preserved. 9-12am -- Apollo 13 - Movie. Based on the true story of the ill-fated Apollo 13 moon mission. Since America had already achieved its lunar goal of landing on the moon, little interest existed in 1970 when Apollo 13 launched--until these words shook the national psyche: "Houston, we have a problem." Stranded 205,000 miles from Earth, astronauts Jim Lovell (Tom Hanks), Fred Haise (Bill Paxton), and Jack Swigert (Kevin Bacon) battle to survive. Directed by Ron Howard, with Gary Sinise and Ed Harris. (1995) In-studio guest for History Channel host segments is astronaut Jim Lovell. Movie repeats @ 1am & twice Sunday ____________________________________________________ Sunday, August 28, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 6-9pm -- Apollo 13 - Movie (repeat) see above 9-11pm -- Beyond the Moon: Failure Is Not an Option 2 - In 1961, President Kennedy set a goal for the nation: beat the Russians to the Moon and do it within the decade. In `69, NASA met that goal--but no one defined what should happen next. As a growing number of political, social, and economic problems vie for the nation's attention and money, Congress, Presidents, and the public aren't certain if manned space flight is really worth the cost and risk. But for legendary flight director Gene Kranz and the men and women of Mission Control, there's no doubt. Despite waning public support and shrinking budgets, they still have a job to do with no room for error. This 2-hour sequel to Failure Is Not an Option tells the story of America's post-Apollo space program, from the point of view of the engineers of Mission Control. Through their experiences, we get a firsthand look at life inside Mission Control, as these driven engineers continue to push the boundaries of space flight from 1972 into the new century. 11-2am -- Apollo 13 - Movie (repeat) ____________________________________________________ Monday, August 29, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Edwards Air Force Base. Examine the colorful history of the premier flight test center, and America's most important aviation facility for more than 60 years, Edwards Air Force Base in California. Every single aircraft to enter the Air Force's inventory has been put through its paces at Edwards, along with many Navy and Army aircraft as well. With unprecedented access to several forgotten and abandoned facilities on the base, we are guided by Richard Hallion, former chief historian for the US Air Force. Today, Edwards continues to push the envelope. Among the many cutting-edge projects currently being tested is the Airborne Laser, designed to focus a basketball-sized spot of intense heat that could destroy a ballistic missile. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - When UFOs Arrive. It's all hush-hush as we track a secretive global paper trail, delving into government plans on how to deal with other-planet visitors. Searching historical records, we find that protocols are in place--from the U.S. military's JANAP-146 reporting requirements to France's Cometa files, from Chapter 13 of the FEMA Fire Officer's Guide to Disaster Control titled "Enemy Attack and UFO Potential", to a now-repealed federal law titled "Extraterrestrial Exposure". 9-10pm -- Decoding The Past - Countdown to Armageddon, Part 2. Asteroids are only one of many threats to the small planet on which we live. From earthquakes to rising ocean levels, from super volcanoes to devastating tsunami waves--humans are confronted with forces that could challenge or even end life on Earth. Most scientists view such threats as random acts of an endlessly changing planet within an endlessly changing universe. But many fundamentalist Christians believe today's threats are unique. For them, recent disasters and the threat of even worse to come are proof that prophesies from the Book of Revelation are at last coming true. Could it be that Revelation's Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse have at last begun their fearful ride? 10-11pm -- Weird U.S. - Crimes and Punishment. Whether it's a bank heist or a traffic violation, there's a punishment in America for every type of crime. Hosts Mark Sceurman and Mark Moran take viewers behind some bizarre bars to investigate our weird fascination with criminals--both lives of crime and time in the slammer. Their journey begins on a dusty Louisiana road, where Bonnie and Clyde's death by police ambush is reenacted each year, and ends in the scorching Arizona desert, where 2,000 petty criminals are forced to wear pink underwear, work in chain gangs, and live in army tents. They also visit a town in Texas with nine state prisons, a place where crime really does pay, and a jail in Philadelphia built by Quakers for "confinement in solitude with labor"--a punishment even Dickens thought cruel and unusual. Then, Mark and Mark follow the trail of dapper escape artist and bank robber Willie Sutton as he ingeniously springs himself from the Quaker pen and two other high-security jails. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, August 30, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Bunkers. From the earliest bunkers of WWI through the ultra-futuristic ones of tomorrow's wars, we trace the story of defensive fortifications. In the constant struggle to hold off ever more potent forms of attack, bunkers function in a variety of forms. Three mammoth block structures comprise a submarine bunker at Lorient, France, able to house 20 subs. We visit Churchill's Cabinet War Room and Hitler's Berlin bunker, as well as backyard Cold War bunkers and those that protect nuclear weapons themselves. 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Six-Shooter Tech. Six-shooters--revolvers with six chambers--were as common as cell phones in the Wild West, but when one went off, it was more than annoying--it was most often deadly. A priest, a 16-year-old boy sailing the world, and a covey of cold-blooded killers all played important parts in the development of this classic western weapon. What was missing from Samuel Colt's first revolving handgun? How did Smith & Wesson exploit a technological edge to make millions of dollars? Which six-shooter was prone to blowing up? Join us for a bang-up hour as we examine the advances that made the six-shooter safer and more reliable as a first line of defense...and just as often, as a first line of attack. 9-10pm -- Shootout - D-Day: Fallujah. November 2004--Fallujah, Iraq has become a viper pit. Over the last six months, this once holy city has become the center of gravity for the Iraqi insurgency with Al Qaeda terrorists and Islamic radicals from across the Muslim world congregating here to resist the US occupation. Many have come to martyr themselves and to take as many coalition troops with them as possible. On November 8, six battalions of US soldiers and Marines storm the city to kill the insurgents. It will be the fight of their lives. With riveting and insightful commentary from the men who sweated and bled on the dusty avenues of Fallujah, this episode highlights the strategies, cutting-edge technologies, and harrowing stories of mortal combat--many told here for the first time--of the deadliest house-to-house street brawl since the battle for Hue City, Vietnam. As one Marine tells us, if Fallujah isn't hell, it's in the same zip code. 10-11pm -- Man, Moment, Machine - Shot Down: The U2 Spyplane. In 1960, tension between the US and Soviet Union is rising and the two great powers seem on the brink of war. President Eisenhower proposes the "Open Skies Treaty" to allow mutual aerial reconnaissance, but the USSR rejects it. The US needs information on their nuclear capabilities. CIA pilot Francis Gary Powers is chosen to fly the U2, the greatest spyplane ever built, over the Soviet Union. At 11 miles above Earth's surface, where sky merges with outer space, Powers feels safe from missiles and jets. But at the last minute before takeoff, his plane is switched to the jinxed U2 360 on which something always seems to go wrong. After he enters Soviet airspace, the seemingly impossible happens: a surface-to-air missile explodes near the tail. With the U2 in a tailspin, Powers climbs out and parachutes to the Russian countryside. Captured, interrogated, and imprisoned, two years later, he's finally traded for a Soviet spy. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, August 31, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Harvesting. Cutting, digging, picking, stripping, shaking, and raking--whatever the crop, there's a custom machine to harvest it. It all began with handpicking and today it's often one man and one machine harvesting hundreds of acres in a single day. The farmer may even get a little help from satellites. Far above the earth, high-resolution photography is giving the grower more opportunities to cut costs and maximize the harvest. From the debut of the sickle in ancient Egypt to McCormick's famous Reaper to the field of ergonomics that assists human harvesters, we'll dig into the past and future of the harvest. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - High Risk: Helicopter Linemen. The remarkable story of the men who maintain and repair live high-voltage power lines--an elite team of pilot and lineman that looks for damage and makes critical repairs without turning the power off! "Barehanding" involves a helicopter flying up to live power lines, stretching a metal wand out to the line and energizing the helicopter and lineman to the full strength of the power line. The lineman, wearing a special metal fiber suit, then works on the wire by sitting on the helicopter skid or climbing onto the bare line. This technique makes the lineman, chopper, and pilot all part of the electrical circuit with 345,000 volts running through both men and machine. For two days, we follow members of the USA Airmobile team in Wisconsin as they risk their lives to inspect and repair critical power lines that were struck by a tornado. And we trace the development of this high-risk work, conceived of in 1979 by Mike Kurtgis, our guide through its electric history. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Wiring America. We begin with electrical linemen perched precariously out a helicopter door, repairing 345,000-volt high-tension power lines. They are part of an army of technicians and scientists we'll ride, climb, and crawl with on this episode. They risk their lives so that we can have the services we take for granted--electric power and 21st century communications. They lay and maintain the wire that connects us one to another, as well as America to the rest of the world. The hardwiring of America is a story that is nearly two centuries old. And though satellites and wireless systems may be challenging the wire, it's not dead. Fiber optic cable, lines that transmit light, became a player in information delivery in the late 1970s. We may be entering a "wireless" age, but the infrastructure of wires laid by visionary scientists and industrialists are still vital to America. Wire technology will be with us, continuing to provide service, well into the next century. 10-11pm -- Automaniac - Gangster Cars. They are the cars that appeal to a certain kind of "businessman"--the kind that has a lot of enemies. Smooth, sleek, and glamorous, they've helped make outlaws like John Dillinger, Al Capone, and John Gotti look like gentlemen instead of killers. Some did zero to 60 faster than any police car could and others were bulletproof. Today, science enables these cars to withstand a bomb blast or the punch from a 9-millimeter automatic. Ride along as we explore Gangster Cars--built to keep their owners from getting clipped!
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