Friday, April 1, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Inviting Disaster #1. They make our lives more comfortable, more rewarding, and more secure. They are the magical machines that have brought us to the edge of the new frontier of limitless possibilities. But it is a hinterland filled with dangers and demons of our own creation. Based on the popular book Inviting Disaster by James Chiles, in this episode we explore the nuclear nightmares of Three Mile Island and Chernobyl. 8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - April 1-7. General Eisenhower has decided to halt the Allied advance at the Elbe River--just 60 miles west of Berlin. The Russians, therefore, take Berlin. Other forces head towards the south of Germany--to the Bavarian Alps--where they believe the Nazis will make their last stand. As the Allies advance throughout Europe, the initial stage of one of the largest and most devastating assaults in history begins--Operation Iceberg, the Battle for Okinawa, in which 172,000 soldiers and marines find themselves in a fight to the death against fanatical Japanese troops defending the island. Join us for a blow-by-blow, week-by-week look at the final months, days, and hours of World War Two. 9-9:30pm -- Mail Call - SS Lane Victory: #70. R. Lee Ermey is underway in San Pedro, California onboard the SS Lane Victory--the only fully operational WWII-era victory ship in the world. Lee highlights the role of the Merchant Marine and Navy Armed Guard in WWII and how they formed the vital link between "Rosie the Riveter" and "GI Joe"--shipping millions of tons of materiel and supplies across the Atlantic and Pacific. To demonstrate the ship's role, Lee and his jeep are sealifted by a WWII-era crane from shore onto the ship. From the anti-aircraft gun mount on the SS Lane Victory, the Gunny introduces a story about SWORDS, the military's new fully-armed robot warrior that is being deployed on the battlefield right now. And Lee takes a look back to the Navajo Code Talkers--Native Americans who developed an unbreakable secret code to keep radio communications safe during WWII. 9:30-10pm -- Mail Call - Self-Propelled Artillery/Musket/Airships/Blue Angels/Pirate Weapons/Depth Charge: #22. If self-propelled artillery is much more maneuverable than towed artillery, why isn't all artillery self-propelled? How does a matchlock musket work? Did the U.S. Navy really use airships as floating aircraft carriers? How does the Navy select pilots for their elite precision flying team, the Blue Angels? What type of weapons did pirates use? How do depth charges work? R. Lee Ermey and military experts in the field answer these questions with brief demonstrations. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - A-10 Tankbuster. The most feared aircraft in the Air Force arsenal, the A-10 Tankbuster was the first aircraft in U.S. aviation history designed specifically for Close Air Support. From its first taste of battle in Desert Storm to the recent assault on Baghdad, the A-10 carries enough weaponry into battle to disable 16 main battle tanks, and with its amazing 30 millimeter 7-barrelled cannon, the "Flying Gun" dominates the skies. Features interviews with A-10 pilots, many of whom flew in Operation Iraqi Freedom. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, April 2, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Conspiracy? - Lincoln Assassination. April 14, 1865--Actor John Wilkes Booth shot President Lincoln in the back of the head at a Washington theater. Days later, Wilkes died in a standoff, and eventually, eight Southern sympathizers were tried for conspiracy. This much we know to be true. But many conspiracy theories arose--pointing to the Confederacy, the Union, and even the Catholic Church! Once again, new theories have sprung up, based on recently found documents and forensic technology. Historian Edward Steers Jr. connects Booth to the Confederate Secret Service in Montreal, which indirectly links him to Jefferson Davis and the Confederate government; while biographer Charles Higham places Booth in a larger conspiracy. Historians, biographers, and researchers, who take issue with Steers and Higham, counter their arguments here. 8-10pm -- Conquest of America - Southwest/Southeast. In 1540, Francisco Vazquez de Coronado, the young governor of a province in northern Mexico, mounted the largest expedition of conquest yet assembled in North America. This is the story of Coronado's quest, which would lead him to the Grand Canyon and take him into present-day Kansas in search of riches. Then, Old World rivalries spill over onto the virgin soil of Florida when France seeks to gain a foothold and Spain is determined not to let any country trespass on its claims. By 1560, the Spanish have yet to establish a colony in North America and France decides to make a bid for land. This is the story of the race between France and Spain to be the first to colonize the area now know as Florida, and the war they waged in the New World. (2-hour version.) 10-12am -- Conquest of America - Northeast/Northwest. It was one of the great intellectual debates of the day: was there a northern sea route to the East Indies? Henry Hudson, chosen by an English merchant company, leads what will be the first of four epic voyages in search of a northern passage. But Hudson's obsessive search and his ultimate failure leads to something far more significant--the conquest and colonization of Northeast America. Then, by 1725, Russia was the only major European nation that had not yet taken part in the conquest of the New World. Peter the Great was interested in knowing whether or not Asia and North America were connected at any point so he selected Danish sea captain Vitus Bering to lead an expedition. (2-hour version.) ____________________________________________________ Sunday, April 3, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- The Real Attila the Hun - No ruler in history represents the unbridled rage and brutality of the barbarian as much as Attila the Hun. In the 5th century, Attila swept through Europe, effectively extinguishing the classical Roman Empire. And for a time, he held the destiny of all of Western Europe firmly in his grasp. But in the end, it was Attila who unwittingly secured the future of the civilized world and Christian Europe. After his death, the Hun Empire began to break up, and the marauding Huns "scattered to the winds." 8-10pm -- The True Story of Hannibal - One of history's greatest military leaders, at age nine Hannibal accompanied his father Hamilcar Barca on the Carthaginian expedition to conquer Spain. Before embarking, the boy vowed eternal hatred for Rome, his people's bitter rival. Twenty years later, in 218 BC, he left New Carthage (now Cartagena, Spain) to wage war on "The Eternal City" with an army of about 40,000, including cavalry and elephants. After crossing the Pyrénées and Rhône River, he traversed the Alps while beset by snowstorms, landslides, and hostile mountain tribes. This 2-hour special brings to life the story of the Carthaginian general who struck fear in all Roman hearts and wreaked havoc with his masterful military tactics, bringing the mighty Roman Republic to the brink of ruin. Archaeologists, historians, and military experts guide us through ancient Carthage and give insight into his military strategy up to defeat at Zama in 203 BC. 10-11pm -- The Conquerors - Andrew Jackson: Conqueror of Florida. We don't often think of U.S. Presidents as conquerors, but the title fits Andrew Jackson. In 1817, President James Monroe ordered then-General Jackson to stop Seminole attacks in Georgia. Instructed not to violate Spanish-controlled Florida unless in hot pursuit, Jackson invaded anyway, overthrew the governor, seized the military post St. Marks, and executed two British citizens for inciting the Seminole. Along the way, he seized runaway slaves and destroyed the so-called "Negro Fort". Jackson's actions caused an international incident, and while some called for his head, demanding that he be removed from his post and brought to trial, Monroe backed him. Within two years, Spain ceded Florida to the U.S.--and Jackson's conquest was complete. Join us for a balanced look at both sides of the conflict as we use location shooting and state-of-the-art animation to support our storytelling. ____________________________________________________ Monday, April 4, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - World War I Tech. The first bombing airplanes and widespread use of chemical weapons...earliest tanks...submarines. When Industrial-Age technology and war first mixed on a large scale, the end result was ruthlessly efficient destruction. World War One epitomized the dark underbelly of the Industrial Revolution. We see how technological achievements that streamlined 19th-century production, improved transportation, and expanded science were used to efficiently decimate a generation of soldiers in the early 20th century. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Area 51: Beyond Top Secret. Born during the Cold War, Area 51 in Nevada, also known as Groom Lake or Dreamland, became not only the Air Force's most strategic test site, but also a symbol of everything that was sneaky about the U.S. military-industrial-intelligence complex. In recent years, UFO investigators claimed that the top-secret planes tested there were built with technology gleaned from captured alien aircraft. We uncover the secrets of the cryptic desert facility and look into mysterious deaths of base workers. 9-10pm -- Digging for the Truth - The Search for El Dorado. It was a fable that fueled a thousand fevered explorations into the mountains and rainforests of South America. The mere idea of El Dorado--a city of gold buried in the jungle--fired the imagination of Spanish conquistadors for centuries. But when no city appeared, so the legend faded. Now explorer and survival expert Josh Bernstein begins the search anew. The recent find of a remarkable document has given new life to the search for El Dorado. Eager to follow up on these latest developments, Josh throws himself into an exciting journey that takes him from the icy waters of Lake Titicaca in Southern Peru, to the frozen Altiplano of the high Andes, then deep into the Amazon jungle as he struggles to discover the truth, once and for all, behind the legend of El Dorado. 10-11pm -- Lost Worlds - Palenque. Join our journey through time to relive some of the most crucial events in world history within the walls where they occurred. Following a team of historical detectives, we piece together clues, using evidence from recent excavations, state-of-the-art scientific studies, and historical documents. Today we venture to Palenque, a great Mayan city deep in the Mexican jungle, abandoned for over a thousand years. Mysterious tombs, palaces and temples covered by creepers have remained hidden from the world for centuries. But how was this gigantic metropolis built, what purpose did the temples and palaces serve and how did this extraordinary city look at its height? As the clues are gathered, we rebuild the city, wall by wall, building by building, and the result is an historically accurate and stunningly beautiful vision of an ancient city. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, April 5, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Nordhausen. It was the world's largest underground factory--seven miles of tunnels built to manufacture Hitler's secret weapons, primarily the V-2 rocket. But Nordhausen kept more than one secret. Technology and torture went hand-in-hand--25,000 concentration camp workers died there--and some of those associated with Nordhausen later helped take America to the moon. 8-9pm -- Tsunami 2004: Waves of Death - The 2004 Tsunami, centered in the Indian Ocean, was caused by a 9.3 earthquake--the second strongest quake on record. Join us for a minute-by-minute look at nature's fury at its worst, when the tsunami kills more than 200,000 people in 14 countries. In this special, we examine the tsunami as it moves from coast to coast through the eyes of people who lived through it and scientists now studying its path of devastation. Drawing on the extraordinary volume of amateur video that recorded the disaster, we take viewers inside the world's deadliest tsunami. 9-10pm -- Breaking Vegas - Counterfeit King. Counterfeiting coins isn't easy--it's an art form! Diameter, thickness, magnetism, weight, design, even the precise mix of alloys--every element of the coin must be perfectly replicated. That means taking on the craftsmanship that the U.S. Mint took years to develop, including anti-counterfeiting marks like "hidden grooves" and uniquely serrated edges. Most wannabe counterfeiters quickly realize they're no match for the U.S. Mint--and often satisfy themselves with crude tokens that might stretch their winnings by a buck or two. But not Louis Colavecchio...not by a long shot! 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Mackinac Bridge. Until recently, the Mackinac Bridge was the longest suspension bridge in the world. One of the top engineering marvels of the 20th century, the bridge spans the 4-mile wide straits of Mackinac, where Lakes Huron and Michigan come together. The Mighty Mac connects the pastoral northern mainland of Michigan with the state's heavily forested Upper Peninsula and stands as a testament to the dreams, determination, and hard work of a small few who created a true masterpiece of modern engineering. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, April 6, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Maginot Line. The Maginot Line, a defensive string of forts with enfilading firepower, was built by France between WWI and WWII. Conceived by Minister of War André Maginot, it was meant to forestall another German invasion until troops could arrive. But the French began to think of the line as a substitute for manpower. When Belgium declared neutrality and exposed France's flank, Germany was able to sidestep the line. We'll visit the "impregnable" line's forts, observation turrets, and underground railroads. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 15. A series of construction errors causes a devastating flood that brings Chicago to a standstill. A deadly accident traps hundreds in a smoke-filled Alpine tunnel, with no ventilation. Three boilers explode on a Mississippi riverboat resulting in thousands of deaths and earning the disaster the title of the worst in maritime history. Two buildings, halfway around the world from each other, collapse from the same type of shoddy construction methods--14 years apart. And a cockpit warning system malfunctions, causing a fiery, fatal crash before the jetliner ever takes off. We interview design and construction experts as we investigate what went wrong. And we talk with rescue personnel, eyewitnesses, and victims as we visit the tragedies' sites to see what improvements have been implemented to insure against these kinds of disasters. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 16. Chaos in Guadalajara, Mexico, when the city streets explode; an airplane crash outside of Paris that ranks as one of the worst in history; two mining dams in Italy collapse engulfing a village in a tidal wave of sludge; a generation of children in a small Texas town are entombed in the rubble of their school; an oil tanker runs aground off the coast of England and introduces the world to the devastation of the first super spill... Engineering Disasters 16 delves into the shocking chain of events leading up to each of these horrific catastrophes and examines resulting technological improvements designed to prevent similar tragedies in the future. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - World's Biggest Machines 3. Giant robots on the factory floor and in outer space. A floating fortress that's home to 6,000 military personnel, which is almost as long as the Empire State Building is tall. And a diesel engine with 108,000 horsepower. (You read that right.) These giants must be seen to be believed! In this episode, we travel over land and sea to find these and more of the biggest, baddest, most audacious feats of engineering in the world. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, April 7, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Military Movers. The challenge: Move millions of soldiers and tons of cargo halfway around the world and into the thick of action. How? Use the biggest ships, the widest planes, and the strongest trucks. Today, military planners move men and equipment further and faster than ever. The United States Transportation Command, answering to the Department of Defense, runs military transport like an efficient private shipping and travel agency. From the Civil War to US Transcom, we track the development of military logistics. 8-10pm -- Countdown to Armageddon - Asteroids on a collision course with Earth, super volcanoes, global warming, killer viruses--all are potential catastrophes that threaten to wipe out life on our planet. Are these simply natural disasters that have been occurring since time immemorial? Or are these threats terrifying prophesies from the Bible that are at last coming true? Are our fears overblown? Or are the infamous Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse riding among us in a countdown to Armageddon? 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - The Doomsday Clock. Developed in 1947 as an image to symbolize urgency in the Cold War and the threat of nuclear disaster, the mission of the Doomsday Clock has expanded to include non-nuclear global security issues. Maintained by the Board of Directors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, it's based at the University of Chicago. In response to world events, they move the clock's minute hand closer to or away from midnight--doomsday. In this hour, we cover the clock's history, its effectiveness, and its critics. ____________________________________________________ Friday, April 8, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Chunnel. The job of joining Britain and France via a tunnel under the English Channel was a challenge. Geologists tracked the only safe route with satellite technology, and French and British teams drilled towards each other using two of the largest Tunnel Boring Machines ever made. We'll explore the greatest underwater land-link of all time. 8-10pm -- The World Trade Center - On September 11, 2001, terrorists did the unthinkable when they flew two fuel-loaded jetliners into the World Trade Center. The Twin Towers' physical height and symbolic stature made them the perfect target. They were remarkable achievements in architecture, construction, and technology. In this 2-hour profile, we look at how the WTC was constructed and talk to representatives from the Army Corps of Engineers, New York's Office of Emergency Management, FEMA, and DNA experts about the aftermath. 10-11pm -- Zero Hour - The Last Hour of Flight 11. At 08:46 on the morning of September 11, 2001, American Airlines Flight 11, a fully fueled Boeing 767, exploded into the North Tower of New York City's World Trade Center. It's the first terrorist strike on that day of infamy. On the fateful morning, Mohammed Atta and a small army of hijackers take thousands of lives. The sheer number of dead makes it easy to forget that the day's first victims were the pilots, flight attendants, and passengers aboard Flight 11. Using a real-time split-screen format, the viewer experiences these 60 critical minutes as they happen to the terrorists, flight crew, Air Traffic Control in Boston and New York, and a mother-to-be as she makes her way from her Brooklyn home to her office in the Tower. Interviews with anti-terrorism experts and victims' relatives offer new information and detailed insight into the story of Flight 11 and Mohammed Atta's mindset. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, April 9, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Conspiracy? - Majestic Twelve: UFO Cover-Up. What really happened in Roswell, New Mexico in the summer of 1947? Did a flying saucer crash in the vast desert scrubland? The initial Army Air Force press release claimed they had recovered a flying disk. But a day later, the story dramatically changed--now they called it a weather balloon! In 1987, secret documents surfaced indicating the existence of the "Majestic 12"--an elite group of scientists and military and intelligence officials, allegedly brought together by President Harry Truman. Did the MJ-12 truly exist? If so, did these men forever trivialize the most talked-about UFO event in history, as well as all UFO sightings thereafter? 8-10pm -- Time Machine - The world of the Bible was one beset by terror, when disasters of truly biblical proportions ravaged humanity. It was a time of global flooding, fiery destruction, plagues, earthquakes, killer epidemics, and famine. Are these biblical accounts fact or fiction? We'll explore new and controversial evidence as we seek to learn how ancient disasters may provide valuable insight for a modern world besieged by similar catastrophes. 10-12am -- Isaac's Storm - September 8, 1900. Galveston, Texas. A typically hot and humid day. Women tended to chores; men traveled downtown to work, including Isaac Cline, head of the National Weather Bureau's local office. Cline believed the island was safe from hurricane, but by afternoon, a Category-4 storm proved how wrong he was. In a 2-hour special based on Erik Larson's book Isaac's Storm, weather experts, historians, and survivors' descendents guide us through that horrific day that claimed over 6,000. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, April 10, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- The Horrors of Hussein - Everyone knows Saddam Hussein was a tyrant, but the invasion of Iraq by coalition forces in 2003 revealed the full extent of the terror apparatus Saddam used to maintain power. In this gripping hour, we examine the roots of this dictator-madman--how he used violence beginning in his teens to achieve his ends--and talk to victims of his terror. We also see how his ministry of terror became a family affair: his two sons, Ouday and Qusay, intended to establish a reign of terror that would last generations. 8-9pm -- High Hitler - Adolf Hitler dreamt of creating a master race, but achieved a Holocaust--the murder of millions of Jews and those deemed physical or mental defects. But the Führer, an appalling hypochondriac, abused laxatives and suffered from stomach cramps and embarrassing flatulence. And that was just the start! When he committed suicide in 1945, the great dictator was frail with tremors and a shuffling walk--a feeble condition concealed from the world. We explore the relationship between Hitler and his personal physician, Dr. Theodore Morell. How did amphetamine abuse, Parkinson's Disease, and tertiary syphilis impact on his state of mind? 9-10pm -- Hitler's End - Legends, lies, and half-truths for a long time have surrounded Hitler's last days in his bunker beneath Berlin's Reich Chancellery. What exactly happened in the days leading up to his suicide on April 30, 1945? Why did the dictator protract the end for so long? Was he still capable of making decisions? A Russian secret service dossier discovered in Moscow sheds new light on events in the bunker. Contemporary witnesses such as Hitler's secretary Traudl Junge, officers Ulrich de Maiziere and Bernd Freytag von Loringhoven, together with renowned historians and Hitler researchers Ian Kershaw and Joachim Fest, analyze events in the bunker from April 20 to 30--from Hitler's last birthday to suicide. Many explosive revelations are scrutinized, for example the claim by Hitler's chief pilot Hans Baur that Eva Braun was pregnant at war's end. Utilizing 3-D tours through the bunker, library discoveries, and unknown statements, a shocking picture of Hitler's last days emerges. 10-11pm -- The Conquerors - Cortés: Conqueror of Mexico. Hernán Cortés stands as one of the great Conquistadores of all time, and among the most brutal. His thirst for gold and power led him to Mexico in 1519, beginning a conquest unlike any other in history. Remarkably, Cortés was under strict orders not to engage in any wars of conquest when he was sent to meet with the rulers of the Aztec empire--but Cortés paid no heed to his orders. His first contact with the indigenous peoples resulted in a battle that so terrified the native peoples that they fled into the interior of Mexico. They had never seen the guns, horses, and shiny metal armor of the conquistadors. In approximately two years, Cortés owned the Aztec empire, and their once proud ruler Montezuma was dead. Through brilliant execution, from an often precarious military position, Cortés killed hundreds of thousands of Aztecs and brought down the 300-year-old empire--the first major American civilization to fall to the Spanish. ____________________________________________________ Monday, April 11, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Private Planes. The plane's on the runway and revving up for our flight of power and whimsy. The panorama reveals some amazing machines--from vintage aircraft to homemade winged wonders to posh private jets. It's a tale that merges technological progress and the fantasies of an unique type of person, who refuses to be grounded by earth's surly bonds. 8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - March 18-24. Under the command of Generals Montgomery, Bradley, and Devers, Allied forces are poised to make their way across the Rhine and head for Berlin. In the East, German-occupied territories are collapsing under the Red Army. It will be a race of men and egos from the East and West to see who will reach the besieged city of Berlin first. Meanwhile, in occupied Denmark, Mosquito fighter-bombers from the RAF's Number 140 Wing head for the Danish Gestapo headquarters, where many innocent civilians have been killed. In the Pacific, fighting continues and US forces invade the Philippine Island of Panay. Join us for a week by week, detailed look at the last six months of World War II. 9-10:25pm -- Band of Brothers - Currahee. They were ordinary men, swept up in the most extraordinary conflict in history. With the eyes of the world upon them, they found their greatest source of strength in each other. From Tom Hanks and Steven Spielberg, this is the story of Easy Company--an elite team of US paratroopers whose WWII exploits are as incredible as they are true. Part 1 begins on June 4, 1944, in England, as Lts. Richard Winters (Damian Lewis) and Lewis Nixon (Ron Livingston) reflect on the past that led them to D-Day. 10:25-11:30pm -- Band of Brothers - Day of Days. Planes carrying thousands of paratroopers cross the English Channel into French airspace, where German flak causes the pilots to drop them in a less than safe and organized fashion. Lt. Winters (Damian Lewis) lands alone in a field, soon joined by John Hall (Andrew Scott), a private from another company. Executive producers Tom Hanks and Steven Spielberg bring to life renowned WWII historian Stephen Ambrose's nonfiction book about an Army rifle company that parachuted into France on D-Day. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, April 12, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Million Dollar Tech. For millennia, luxury toys have functioned as flashy instruments of affluence, authority, and identity and driven many kingly consumers to covet, create, and purchase these status symbols. From the Roman Emperor Caligula's special barges to Carl Faberge's impossibly intricate eggs, from plasma screen TVs to $600,000 Bentleys and Rolex watches, we examine spectacular personal possessions--paeans to the lords of a consumer culture that grows richer and technologically more sophisticated daily. 8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - March 25-31. Allied troops continue Operation Plunder, their thrust across the Rhine into Germany's heartland. Realizing the situation is hopeless, thousands of German troops surrender. The race to Berlin continues, and disagreement over their strategy plagues the Allies. Hitler is now holed up in his Berlin bunker, totally divorced from reality. In the Pacific, fighting finally comes to a head on Iwo Jima. As US Marines close in around them, 200 Japanese soldiers make a last desperate mass suicide--or banzai--charge at the Americans. The attack on Okinawa begins. 9-10:20pm -- Band of Brothers - Carentan. After regrouping in the town of Angoville-au-Plain, Easy Company tries to capture the town of Carentan. Two days after D-Day, some members of Easy Company are still lost and alone in Normandy, including Pvt. Albert Blithe (Marc Warren), who finds the rest of the unit just in time to help take Carentan, which Allied armor from Utah and Omaha beaches need in order to link up. Later, the company returns to England, but celebrations are short-lived when news comes that they'll be moving out again. 10:20-11:35pm -- Band of Brothers - Replacements. Fresh replacements join Easy Company in time for a massive paradrop into German-occupied Holland. The Dutch townspeople of Eindhoven welcome them as liberators, but when Easy and a cluster of British tanks move into a nearby town, a superior German force inflicts many casualties and forces a retreat. As they move onto another assignment in Holland, Capt. Winters (Damian Lewis) laments the retreat, and Capt. Nixon (Ron Livingston) thinks that the ambitious Allied operation seems to have failed. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, April 13, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Limos. Limousines have been stretched to greater and greater lengths--as has the notion of what can be done inside them! You can have a rolling disco in a stretched SUV, go for a rumble off-road in a monster truck limousine, or take a direct hit in an armored limo and still make your meeting. So, sit back, relax, and enjoy the ride of your life as we review the history of chauffeured limousines--from weddings, proms, and funerals to the ultimate adult playpen and the president's "Cadillac One". 8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - April 1-7. General Eisenhower has decided to halt the Allied advance at the Elbe River--just 60 miles west of Berlin. The Russians, therefore, take Berlin. Other forces head towards the south of Germany--to the Bavarian Alps--where they believe the Nazis will make their last stand. As the Allies advance throughout Europe, the initial stage of one of the largest and most devastating assaults in history begins--Operation Iceberg, the Battle for Okinawa, in which 172,000 soldiers and marines find themselves in a fight to the death against fanatical Japanese troops defending the island. Join us for a blow-by-blow, week-by-week look at the final months, days, and hours of World War Two. 9-10:10pm -- Band of Brothers - Crossroads. Capt. Winters (Damian Lewis) leads a contingent of Easy Company men on a risky mission over a Dutch dike that results in a "turkey shoot" of fleeing Germans, and is promoted to Battalion Executive Officer, leaving Easy Company in the hands of Lt. "Moose" Heyliger (Stephen McCole). After moving back off the line to France, Lt. Nixon (Ron Livingston) insists that Winters take a break and see Paris. But when Winters returns, news comes in of a massive German counterattack in the Ardennes Forest. 10:10-11:30pm -- Band of Brothers - Bastogne. In the dead of winter, in the forest outside of Bastogne, Belgium, Easy Company struggles to hold the line alone, while fending off frostbite and hunger. An overwhelmed Medic Eugene Roe (Shane Taylor), on edge and close to combat exhaustion, finds friendship with a Belgian nurse (Lucie Jeanne). Easy spends a miserable Christmas in the trenches, but is buoyed after hearing news that General McAuliffe met the German Army's demand for surrender with the defiant answer: "Nuts!" ____________________________________________________ Thursday, April 14, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Tailgating. At stadiums nationwide, thousands of football fans come together to show team spirit, eat incredible food, and join the community of tailgating. We journey around the U.S. to legendary tailgating colleges like Penn State, the University of Miami, and Louisiana State University, and visit the home-team parking lots of the Green Bay Packers, Dallas Cowboys, and Philadelphia Eagles. We taste the food, revel with spectators, and reveal the evolution of tailgating--from horse and buggy to tricked-out RV. 8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - April 8-14. Berlin lies in ruins. Nearly 120,000 people are homeless. FDR's sudden death stuns the world. Tension among the Allies builds as the gulf of distrust between Stalin and Churchill widens. The Ruhr industrial area west of Berlin is now nearly conquered. A Nazi treasure trove of nearly 8,200 bars of gold in addition to suitcases and trunks crammed with precious ornaments and priceless works of art is uncovered. Meanwhile, the penetration of the Gothic Line begins. It's the last and most decisive Allied offensive aimed at clearing Germans out of Italy. In the Pacific, the Army's 96th Division launches an attack on Mount Shuri on Okinawa. Tokyo is hit by more massive bombing raids as US troops continue to forge ahead. These are some of the events viewers witness in this episode of our series that takes a week-by-week look at the final days of WWII. 9-10:25pm -- Band of Brothers - The Breaking Point. Having thwarted the Germans at Bastogne, Belgium, an exhausted Easy Company must now take the nearby town of Foy from the enemy. Several are killed and wounded in fierce shelling, compounded by the incompetence of their new commander, Lt. Dike (Peter O'Meara), about whom Winters (Damian Lewis) can do nothing. Easy takes Foy, but at an enormous cost. 10:25-11:40pm -- Band of Brothers - The Patrol. Easy Company arrives in an Alsatian town near the German border, and is ordered to send a patrol across the river to take enemy prisoners. Lt. Hank Jones (Colin Hanks), fresh from West Point and eager for combat experience, volunteers to lead, though he must convince a skeptical Winters (Damian Lewis). Also assigned to the patrol is Pvt. David Webster (Eion Bailey), back in Easy after rehabilitation of an injury. While successful, the mission costs a soldier's life. ____________________________________________________ Friday, April 15, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Booby Traps. All it takes to set off a booby trap is an unsuspecting victim lifting, moving, or disturbing a harmless-looking object. Booby traps continue to worry law enforcement; made from easily acquired items, information detailing their construction and needed materials are accessible through the mail--anonymously! And unlike a land mine, they can be anywhere. We detail the history of booby traps--from the ancient Egyptians, Chinese, Greek, and Romans to the Middle Eastern crisis and the War on Terrorism. 8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - April 15-21. The Red Army's assault on Berlin begins. Meanwhile, Hitler, sealed away in his bunker, marks his 56th birthday. US General Alexander Patch's 7th Army captures the city of Nuremberg in southern Germany. In the East, the Soviet Government and the Provisional Communist Government of Poland conclude a treaty of mutual assistance. In the Pacific, fierce fighting continues on Okinawa. American soldiers are finding the Japanese to be a savvy and tenacious enemy. Ernie Pyle, one of World War Two's most distinguished and revered correspondents, is fatally wounded on Okinawa. US forces complete the capture of the islands in Manila Bay. Join us for a week-by-week detailed look at the last days of World War Two. 9-10:10pm -- Band of Brothers - Why We Fight. Easy Company finally enters Germany to surprisingly little resistance, and relaxes for the first time in months. A patrol in a nearby forest discovers an abandoned Nazi concentration camp, still filled with emaciated prisoners. The local citizenry, unbelievably disavowing knowledge of its existence, is made to clean it up. Suddenly, news arrives from Berlin--Adolf Hitler committed suicide! 10:10-11:25pm -- Band of Brothers - Points. Major Winters (Damian Lewis) leads Easy Company into the Bavarian town of Berchtesgaden--once home to top Nazi officers--and receives orders to take the abandoned Eagle's Nest, Hitler's mountaintop fortress. As German officers hand over their weapons, soldiers raid wine cellars and snap up souvenirs. But their elation is short-lived--most of the division faces redeployment to the Pacific Theater. A closing vignette tells what happened to the men of Easy Company after they returned home. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, April 16, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 3-4pm -- Wild West Tech "Vigilante Tech" In the wilds of the American West, average citizens often stepped into the fray to keep their towns from being taken over by society's dregs. It seemed like pickpockets and pimps rolled into main street the moment gold was struck. And often, it was left up to a few brave men and women to dish out their own brand of justice--vigilante justice, and it wasn't pretty. The hemp neck-tie would string up hundreds of renegades, but vigilantes also needed technology to defend themselves and defeat the most fearsome of criminals. Cannons, forts and even windmills were employed in their "extra-legal" executions. Hosted by David Carradine. 7-8pm -- Conspiracy? - CIA and the Nazis. Six months after Allied Forces liberated German concentration camps, a military tribunal formed at Nuremberg to prosecute Nazi war criminals. Some of the most dangerous were brought to justice--but not all. Over 4,000 former Nazis went to work for the US government, without the public's knowledge, to help fight the Soviet Union. Reinhard Gehlen, an intelligence officer for Hitler's General Staff, was tapped to head the US intelligence program in West Germany to spy on the Russians. At the same time, former Nazi scientists and engineers were welcomed onto American soil. In 1998, a bill was finally signed into law that mandated declassification of documents concerning recruitment of former Nazis. We dig into the records to see if the ends justified the means and ask how far the US should go to partner with a former enemy to fight another. 8-11pm -- Windtalkers - (movie) World War II drama about Navajo Indians trained to use their native language as code to help US Marines battling the Japanese in the Pacific. Nicolas Cage plays a Marine with difficult orders: Protect the life of one of the Navajos, but kill him if he's about to be captured to protect the code. With Adam Beach, Christian Slater, and Noah Emmerich. (2002) Repeated @ 12am ____________________________________________________ Sunday, April 17, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Beyond The Da Vinci Code - Part 1. Is it the greatest story ever told--or the greatest story ever sold? A best-selling novel sparks a debate that could change Christianity forever. Were Jesus and Mary Magdalene married and co-leaders of their movement? Was Mary Magdalene, herself, the Holy Grail--the vessel said to hold Jesus's blood--and mother of his descendants? Did the early Church know this "truth" and deliberately mislead followers? Is there a secret, ancient society, the Priory of Sion, which still protects this bloodline? Have some of the most illustrious names in art and science been members? These are some of the questions that Dan Brown's best-selling novel The Da Vinci Code raises. We examine both sides of the story--the conventional view of Christianity and the "alternate history" proposed by Brown--so that viewers can decide. 8-9pm -- Beyond The Da Vinci Code - Part 2. In this 2000-year journey through time, we examine the histories and mysteries of the Holy Grail lore--both from the perspective of the believers and from skeptics, letting the viewers reach their own conclusions. 9-11pm -- FDR: A Presidency Revealed - Part 1. It was the longest presidency in US history. The most significant of the 20th century. Our 2-part special explores the character of the man who stood at the epicenter of American politics for 12 of the nation's most turbulent years. Using rare home movies, secret White House recordings, oral histories, and a cousin's secret diary, we show how the 32nd president overcame disability to carry the nation out of the Depression, rallied a divided country to common purpose, and charted the course towards victory in WWII. We also reveal FDR's private side that he tried so hard to conceal, including intimate stories of a 24-year struggle with paralysis and an affair that destroyed his marriage. Part 1 covers significant events of his presidency from his first inauguration, historic first 100 days in office, the New Deal, Fireside Chats, the NRA, CCC, and WPA, his controversial Court-packing plan, isolationist platform for reelection in 1940, and relationship with Winston Churchill. ____________________________________________________ Monday, April 18, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 6-8pm -- FDR: A Presidency Revealed - Part 1. It was the longest presidency in US history. The most significant of the 20th century. Our 2-part special explores the character of the man who stood at the epicenter of American politics for 12 of the nation's most turbulent years. Using rare home movies, secret White House recordings, oral histories, and a cousin's secret diary, we show how the 32nd president overcame disability to carry the nation out of the Depression, rallied a divided country to common purpose, and charted the course towards victory in WWII. We also reveal FDR's private side that he tried so hard to conceal, including intimate stories of a 24-year struggle with paralysis and an affair that destroyed his marriage. Part 1 covers significant events of his presidency from his first inauguration, historic first 100 days in office, the New Deal, Fireside Chats, the NRA, CCC, and WPA, his controversial Court-packing plan, isolationist platform for reelection in 1940, and relationship with Winston Churchill. 8-9pm -- Hitler's Lost Plan - In 1958, in a sweltering, converted torpedo factory in Alexandria, Virginia, historian Gerhard L. Weinberg was combing through massive stacks of documents that the U.S. had captured from Nazi Germany. In a faded green box, Weinberg came across an unknown prize--a secret book dictated by Adolf Hitler in 1928, the unpublished sequel to Mein Kampf. Mixed in with Hitler's racial hatred, the book contained shocking revelations of his master plan for continuous war. We follow the clues to its discovery and show the rigorous steps taken to authenticate the document--the book is considered legitimate. And we reveal the contents of the book, including Hitler's plan for global domination culminating in an invasion of America! 9-11pm -- FDR: A Presidency Revealed, Part 2 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt's contribution still resonates--the programs he introduced still affect our lives; the issues he fought for still define the national debate, including the role of government and the place America should assume in the world. On his journey, FDR never lost faith in the great American experiment. He laid out an optimistic vision of a compassionate society committed to prosperity and genuine equality, and some 60 years later, it remains a tantalizingly illusive dream, but Franklin Roosevelt carried us miles down that road. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, April 19, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Trans-Siberian Railroad. It's the longest, most expensive and complicated railroad ever built. Ordered by the Tsar in an effort to save his empire and unify his country at the twilight of the 19th century, the Trans-Siberian Railroad nearly tore Russia apart. Intended in part for defense, the railroad provoked a war, crossed great lengths over treacherous terrain, and encountered logistical and economic failures. Ironically, "enemies of the state" built the railroad--men sentenced to hard labor in Siberian prisons. 8-9pm -- Breaking Vegas - Slot Scoundrel. Monkey paw, light wand, kick stand--the essential tools of slot-machine cheats worldwide. And for the man who invented them, Tommy Glenn Carmichael--invaluable creations with which he bilked casinos of millions and built an incomparable empire of Vegas cheats. Join us for the story of how a single man found his calling and spearheaded the rise and fall of a slot-machine cheat gang that nearly destroyed the gaming industry over 20 years. Through captivating interviews with the notorious Carmichael, we take viewers on an action-packed ride as he plays cat and mouse with slot-machine security, countering every technological evolution with a new gadget to beat it...until two dogged investigators set the ultimate trap. 9-11pm -- Time Machine - Osama bin Laden. Featuring former and current CIA agents, Special Forces soldiers, Washington insiders, and best-selling authors such as Mark Bowden (Black Hawk Down), Steve Coll (Ghost Wars), Phillip Smucker (Al Qaeda's Great Escape), and Simon Reeve (The New Jackals), we take a 2-hour groundbreaking look at the hunt for the world's #1 archenemy. Filmed in 10 countries around the world, we trace bin Laden's rise through the Jihad against the Soviets in Afghanistan to his present incarnation. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, April 20, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Helicopters. From the early "egg beaters" of World War II to the "flying tanks" of Operation Desert Storm, we'll fly aboard one of the most agile and potent weapons on the battlefield--the helicopter. Meet the first pilot to fly a combat rescue mission in WWII and a USAF female aviator; and view classified footage of the Apache in Iraq. 8-9pm -- History Now - Holy Secrets: Electing a Pope. He is one of the world's most powerful men, spiritual leader of over one-billion people. The words of "God's Representative on Earth" are studied by the mighty as well as the humble. For almost 2,000 years his office has enjoyed the world's longest succession of power and is perhaps the most influential of all human institutions...He is the Pope and he rules over the heart, mind, and consciousness of the largest collective of souls on Earth. Join us as we examine the history and process of Papal election, starting with Peter, the first Pope, and continuing to the next conclave, following the death of Pope John Paul II. Take a journey behind the scenes as we reveal the secrets of one of the most important, sacred, and clandestine elections in the world. 9-10pm -- History Alive - Russia. With the fall of communism, a rapacious new gangster class arose from out of the former Soviet Republics and became criminal millionaires. The Red Mafiya, which seized power with staggering speed in the post-Soviet free-market free-for-all, can be traced back centuries to the Thieves World--a secret criminal culture with a strict code of conduct based on loyalty and opposition to the government. We cover the Redfellas evolution--from roots in Imperial Russia to shocking global reach today. 10-11pm -- History Alive - Colombia. Is the war on drugs in Colombia winnable? One of South America's most beautiful countries, it's also one of the most dangerous. Since the 1970s, Colombian drug cartels have shipped thousands of tons of cocaine to the U.S. We investigate two of the most successful--the Medellin and Cali Cartels--and the smaller organizations that arose in their demise, whose cocaine and heroin crops and trafficking airstrips are protected by leftist guerrilla groups for a share of the profit. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, April 21, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 6-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Motorcycles. Set the sedan's safety brake and hop on your "hog" for a 2-hour high-speed history of the motorcycle--from the 1868 "steam velocipede" to the early 20th century, when they were a low-cost alternative to automobiles; from Harley-Davidsons preferred by Hell's Angels and police to motocross riders who take bikes into the air and onto the dirt. We also look to the motorcycle's future, featuring Jay Leno's jet-propelled Y2K sportbike and Erik Buell's bike-without-a-gas-tank creation. 8-9pm -- NBA's Top Ten Greatest - In this fast-paced, court action-packed hour, we match NBA experts with ardent NBA fans to anoint the best players, moments, and plays in NBA history. Using evocative NBA game highlights and interviews with players, coaches, and sports writers, we present each category and its four most likely candidates. In addition, host Bill Walton and a studio panel offer their choices and debate their differences. The result is a combination of fast-paced NBA action, contentious sports talk, and historical game insights into the greatest moments in NBA history. 9-11pm -- Time Machine - A 2-hour panoramic and global overview of the phenomenon known as Cosa Nostra--from the mass immigration of Italians to the US at the end of the 19th century up to the arrests in 2000 on the New York Stock Exchange, where the Mafia was laundering money. What becomes evident in a chain of stories depicting the most renowned "godfathers" is their uncanny ability to act as political representatives of an illegal state within the legal state and to exploit major cycles and crises throughout history. ____________________________________________________ Friday, April 22, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Inviting Disaster #2. The amazing machines of human invention most often do our bidding with uncomplaining proficiency. But when they go wrong, they exact a terrible wage. In August 2000, the Russian submarine Kursk glided through the depths of the Arctic Sea. But the demands of the Cold War had planted the seeds of disaster in this great ship--118 men would pay with their lives. Their deaths would bring about an enormous step forward in Russia's evolving democracy. Based on James Chiles's book Inviting Disaster. 8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - April 22-28. In our series that dissects the last days of World War Two on a weekly basis, we witness Berlin reduced to rubble, setting the stage for the Red Army's entry into the beleaguered city. News reaches Hitler that some of his key advisors are now negotiating "surrender" deals with the enemy and, with the brutal execution of his cohort Benito Mussolini, he is forced to face reality...and the demise of the Third Reich. Allies from the East and West meet for the fist time in the West on the Elbe River. Just three days before the liberation of the Dachau concentration camp near Munich, SS soldiers force about 7,000 prisoners on a death march. In the Pacific, action on Okinawa comes to a boil as American forces inch closer to penetrating the barrier that sits between them and the enemy's main base--the Shuri region. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Bullets. From "safe" bullets that stop hijackers but leave aircraft unscathed to bullets that chain-saw through steel and "smart" bullets computer-programmed to hit a target, this explosive hour examines the evolution of bullets from origin in the 1300s--stones and round lead balls shot from iron and bamboo tubes. Lead balls ruled until 1841 when a conical-shaped bullet changed ammo forever. We learn how to construct a modern cartridge, and at pistol and rifle ranges view demonstrations of modern firepower. 10-12am -- April 1865 - Based on Jay Winik's bestseller April 1865: The Month That Saved America, our 2-hour documentary special offers a new look at the Civil War's final days that will forever change the way we see the war's end and the nation's new beginning. These 30 most pivotal days in the life of the United States witnessed the frenzied fall of Richmond, Lee's harrowing retreat, Appomattox, and Lincoln's assassination five days later. It's not only the tale of the war's denouement, but the story of the rebirth of our nation. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, April 23, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Conspiracy? - FDR and Pearl Harbor. The attack on Pearl Harbor shocked the nation. To many, the official explanations of misguided assumptions and missed clues did not account for the enormity of the catastrophe. We examine "alternative" theories that arose soon after the attack. Was a plot hatched in Washington to solve FDR's "problem"--convincing a reluctant country to fight the Nazis? Did FDR send a secret cable just days before the attack ordering Pearl Harbor chiefs to stand down? Did US intelligence intercept a message from Tokyo asking its spies in Hawaii to map the harbor for an imminent air attack? More than six decades later, the controversy boils under the surface of recent US history, igniting heated debates over collusion, intrigue, and thousands of American dead. 8-10pm -- FDR: A Presidency Revealed - Part 1. It was the longest presidency in US history. The most significant of the 20th century. Our 2-part special explores the character of the man who stood at the epicenter of American politics for 12 of the nation's most turbulent years. Using rare home movies, secret White House recordings, oral histories, and a cousin's secret diary, we show how the 32nd president overcame disability to carry the nation out of the Depression, rallied a divided country to common purpose, and charted the course towards victory in WWII. We also reveal FDR's private side that he tried so hard to conceal, including intimate stories of a 24-year struggle with paralysis and an affair that destroyed his marriage. Part 1 covers significant events of his presidency from his first inauguration, historic first 100 days in office, the New Deal, Fireside Chats, the NRA, CCC, and WPA, his controversial Court-packing plan, isolationist platform for reelection in 1940, and relationship with Winston Churchill. 10-12am -- FDR: A Presidency Revealed, Part 2 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt's contribution still resonates--the programs he introduced still affect our lives; the issues he fought for still define the national debate, including the role of government and the place America should assume in the world. On his journey, FDR never lost faith in the great American experiment. He laid out an optimistic vision of a compassionate society committed to prosperity and genuine equality, and some 60 years later, it remains a tantalizingly illusive dream, but Franklin Roosevelt carried us miles down that road. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, April 24, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Tsunami 2004: Waves of Death - The 2004 Tsunami, centered in the Indian Ocean, was caused by a 9.3 earthquake--the second strongest quake on record. Join us for a minute-by-minute look at nature's fury at its worst, when the tsunami kills more than 200,000 people in 14 countries. In this special, we examine the tsunami as it moves from coast to coast through the eyes of people who lived through it and scientists now studying its path of devastation. Drawing on the extraordinary volume of amateur video that recorded the disaster, we take viewers inside the world's deadliest tsunami. 8-10pm -- Meteors: Fire in the Sky - Meteors, comets, and asteroids cross the solar system to offer clues about our planet and universe. Can they destroy civilizations? Did they wipe out the dinosaurs? Have they brought life to our planet? And when will the next one hit? Aided by elaborate animation and live-action footage, we learn what these mysterious space rocks really are and imagine what likely happened 65-million years ago, when an object plowed into the Yucatan Peninsula. We see how certain spectacular meteor falls advanced our understanding of what they are and the danger that they pose. We talk to leading experts--astronomers and geologists including David Levy and Carolyn Shoemaker, co-discoverers of the Shoemaker-Levy comet that fell into Jupiter in 1994. And we talk to NASA scientists about recent missions to asteroids and comets and speculate on ways to move Earth-threatening asteroids and comets out of our way. Because it isn't a question of if but when the next deadly impact will take place. No relation to ufo movie Fire In The Sky 10-11pm -- The Conquerors - Fremont: Conqueror of California. In one of the most significant land grabs in US history, three charismatic leaders sought individual glory and national fulfillment in the conquest of California. The martial exploits and political controversies of John Charles Fremont, Commodore Robert Field Stockton, and General Stephen Watts Kearney make a great story. Eventually at odds with each other, their military actions and achievements resulted in annexation of California. But John C. Fremont stands out. Acting on what many believe were President Polk's secret orders, Fremont fomented the Bear Flag Rebellion in June 1846. On behalf of the US, he signed the Treaty of Cahuenga with Mexico, then served for a month as military governor. He also led an overland expedition west, camping at Las Vegas Springs in 1844. His name is remembered today in neon as well as history books. The Fremont Hotel-Casino in Las Vegas bears his name as does Fremont Street--the main thoroughfare through the heart of casino-lined Glitter Gulch. ____________________________________________________ Monday, April 25, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Weather Predictions. A study of the discoveries, inventions, and technological advances that have helped us understand and predict weather accurately. From simple observations made by primitive humans, to early instruments such as thermometers and barometers, to Doppler radar and satellite imaging, we'll see how man has tried to harness weather. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Britain's X-Files. Flying saucers...Close encounters...Top-secret government files...the Royal family. Join us for the amazing story of Britain's X-Files as we examine the bizarre and intriguing history of Britain's UFO phenomenon. The journey takes in skeptical prime ministers, senior RAF officers, and Royal believers Prince Philip and Lord Mountbatten. It begins in 1950, when Clement Attlee's government established the extraordinary Flying Saucer Working Party, and ends in 2000, when the Ministry of Defense disbanded its UFO intelligence unit. In between, flying saucers played on deep fears of the Communist threat during the Cold War, and exploded into popular culture in the 1960s. But why did flying saucers suddenly appear in England, and why did the government take so long to admit that something was going on? We track down eyewitnesses and reveal the incredible true story of an encounter in 1955 between Prince Philip's equerry and a mysterious "alien" called Mr. Janus. 9-10pm -- Digging for the Truth - Giants of Easter Island. On the remotest island on the face of the planet stand the massive, enigmatic stone statues of Easter Island. Who carved them? And why? Ever since Easter Island was first discovered, this tiny pinprick of land in the middle of the Pacific Ocean has baffled scientists. How did the ancients who peopled this place even find it? Host Josh Bernstein sets out to unveil the mysteries of the island and of the remarkable stone heads that its first inhabitants left behind. Delving into the world of ancient Pacific Islanders, he relearns the lost art of Polynesian navigation, recreates the techniques of Easter Island masons, and participates in dangerous ancient rituals--all to solve one of the greatest enigmas of our time: the mystery of Easter Island. 10-11pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Loch Ness: Great Monster Mystery. Perhaps the world's most famous underwater mystery, reports of "Nessie" sightings have circulated for centuries. Photos, film footage, sonar traces, and amazing new scientific discoveries all suggest that there just might be something lurking in the frigid waters of Scotland's Loch Ness. These cold waters are hauntingly deep--drowning victims usually disappear without a trace--and most divers refuse to enter. But not our intrepid team! Join us as we delve into the darkness of Loch Ness and look for an aquatic lassie named Nessie--history's most celebrated cryptozoological creature. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, April 26, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Farming Technology. The US agricultural process, from seed to shelf, is so efficient that most people don't think much about it. But food growing and processing is ever more sophisticated, employing computer-guided, ground-shaking machinery, and sometimes controversial techniques. It's an industry of declining family farms, diminishing returns, yet higher yields. We review the evolution of the tools used to produce food, show the steps in the cycle that bring food to the table, and look at the future of farming. 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Western Towns. Out of hundreds of western towns, a handful survived through technological ingenuity to become icons of the Old West. We discuss why certain areas were chosen for settlement, how the towns sprang up, their construction, water supplies, sanitation, and protection against Indian attack. We learn the layout, which included saloons, dance halls, general stores, undertakers, cemeteries, and of course, jails and court houses. And we discover how the Wild West advertised to lure homesteaders to the frontier. Narrated by Keith Carradine. 9-10pm -- Breaking Vegas - Beat the Wheel. Vegas cheats come in all shapes and sizes: hardcore mechanics who devise gadgets to manipulate slots and mathematical geniuses who count cards in blackjack. But in gambling's history, no one had created a system that could guarantee a win on the roulette wheel--until Doyne Farmer and Norman Packard came along. In 1975, two childhood friends and physics geeks embarked on arguably the most ambitious Vegas-cheating project of all time: to deconstruct the physics behind the motion of a roulette ball, and build a miniature computer system that could surreptitiously predict the outcome of a roulette game. The project soon became an out-of-control obsession, consuming a whole commune of brilliant hippie-physicists...and ended in a landmark contribution to modern-day Chaos Theory. Features candid interviews with Farmer and Packard, as well as teammates Ingrid Hoermann and Letty Belin. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - The Basement. Venture down that creaky staircase to explore the most misunderstood room in the house! From Pompeii to Pittsburgh, the dark, cool, and forlorn spaces beneath our living quarters have always contained things that helped us live comfortably. Ancient Hittites, Phrygians, and Persians carved subterranean rooms for food, water, and wine storage, and for shelter from weather and marauders. For ancient Greeks and Romans, a basement greatly increased a house's value. Ruins of homes at Pompeii reveal the importance of basements in providing both heat and storage for rich Roman families. Renaissance architects placed kitchens, servant quarters, and laundry rooms there, hidden from the eyes of their aristocratic patrons! Colonial Americans expanded the practice, and by the 20th century, the basement was a routine feature. Come along as we demystify this domestic underworld, which turns out to be an area of innovation, imagination, and creativity. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, April 27, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Cattle Ranches. From the 19th century's legendary cattle drives to the million-acre ranch kingdoms that sprang to life with the end of the Open Range to 21st-century techniques that include artificial insemination, embryo transplants, and genetic engineering, we review the history of cattle ranching. We'll ride herd with modern cowboys as they twirl ropes and brand calves, and look to the cattle ranch of the future, where cloning will produce the ideal meat-producing steer with a consistently juicy, low-fat carcass. 8-9pm -- One Time Only - Engines. Story of the development of engines and motors, with particular emphasis on the ones that have profoundly changed society. Beginning with the steam engine, we see how it was created, how it works, and how it led to the Industrial Revolution. We review the electric motor, internal combustion engine, jet engine, and rocket engine, and conclude with a look at futuristic engine technologies, including hydrogen-powered cars and microtechnology engines so small that they fit on the tip of a finger. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Mega Movers. Join us on two treacherous trips as we follow two separate structural moving families in their struggles to relocate and save a 100-year-old homestead and an 1890 Queen Anne Victorian house. In Colorado, a father and son have to fight fierce weather and the fragility of a purported haunted log cabin and decaying barn to move them two miles across a rugged mountainside. In Illinois, three generations of movers are pushed to their limit when they are hired to transport a 180-ton monster house across town. Will these historic homes reach their final resting places in one piece and find peace? 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Paint. From the Impressionist canvas to the Space Shuttle...from customized hotrods to the brilliant orange hue of the Golden Gate Bridge or tiny electronic devices--paint is one of our most ubiquitous products. And paint adds more than just pigmentation. It's a crucial engineering element, protecting ships from water corrosion, stovetops from heat, and the Stealth Bomber from radar detection. In homes and businesses, it provides a balanced spectrum of light and protects surfaces from wear. In this colorful hour, we discover how this marvel of chemistry and engineering is made, and how it is applied. Come see what's beneath the surface as we reveal one of man's most ingenious methods of defeating the elements and adding spice to life! ____________________________________________________ Thursday, April 28, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Hunting Gear. They are lethal tools that ensured our survival, altered our evolution, and maintained our dominion over other animals. Though hunting technology is the backbone of a multi-billion-dollar sports industry, current cutting-edge gear is a far cry from prehistoric man's rudimentary tools. From the crude knife to 24-hour digital cameras that monitor animal movement and earmuffs with microphones to amplify outside noise while blocking gunshot sound, we examine the development of hunting weapons and gear. 8-10pm -- Punishment - The definition and exercise of criminal punishment has changed dramatically during the course of history. From execution by wild animals during ancient Greek and Roman times, to religious torture during the Inquisition using the most perverse instruments ever devised, to the cruel and unusual punishments meted out by many nations to this day, we trace the often ironic history of man's perverted and creative attempts to bring about a more "humane" society. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Bathroom Tech. From tub to toilet to toothpaste, here's everything you ever wanted to know about the most used and least discussed room in the house. From the first home bathrooms in ancient India, Roman latrines, and bizarre Victorian-era bath contraptions, to modern luxurious master bathroom suites, we trace the history of bathing, showering, and oral hygiene. And we reveal the messy truth about what was used before toilet paper--brainchild of the Scott Brothers of Philadelphia--and why astronauts wear diapers. ____________________________________________________ Friday, April 29, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Satellites. Strong enough to survive their fiery launch into orbit, sophisticated enough to provide life-saving images or relay tens of thousands of phone calls at the same time. By monitoring weapons systems and troop movements, these "eyes in the sky" may be the difference between security and annihilation. From the futuristic visions of a British sci-fi writer to creations of a German rocket designer for the Nazi war machine to the Cold War technological race, we review the satellites that link our world. 8-9pm -- The Last Days of WWII - April 29-May 5. Berlin falls. Hitler and Eva Braun, his wife of one day, along with some of his leading henchmen commit suicide. Dachau--one of the worst concentration camps ever--is liberated. German forces surrender to the Allies in Italy, Holland, Denmark, and northern Germany. Fighting continues in the south but is futile. Germany surrenders to the Allies. On Okinawa, the Japanese launch a massive counter attack against US forces. A Japanese balloon-bomb floats across the Pacific and kills six people in Oregon. The campaign in the Philippines draws to a close. These are some of the events that viewers relive in our detailed series that examines the final days of World War Two. 9-9:30pm -- Mail Call - The Pentagon: #69. In Washington, DC, R. Lee Ermey takes viewers inside the nerve center of American defense--the Pentagon. The Commandant of the Marine Corps gives Lee a rare interview, and Lee reviews the Pentagon's past to show how the world's largest office building came into being, what keeps it running, and what kind of work goes on inside to fight wars and keep the peace. Next, Lee hangs out with the PFPA--Pentagon Force Protection Agency. We see a RAM--a Random Anti-Terrorism Maneuver, meet officers and dogs that patrol the Pentagon, and the Gunny gets a little trigger time at the Pentagon firing range with the PFPA's newest automatic weapon, the UMP40 submachine gun. And Lee infiltrates the Navy Operations Center, where ships and sailors are tracked 24/7, and the Army Operating Center, where troop movements are tracked. Finally, he looks back at September 11th and shows how the Pentagon has changed since that dreadful day. 9:30-10pm -- Mail Call - AAV/Jeep/Battering Ram/Urban Warfare/Ball Turret Gunner/Nose Art: #24. How can the Marines' 26-ton AAV (Amphibious Assault Vehicle) stay afloat? Can a jeep float? How did medieval battering rams work? What types of tactics do the military use for urban warfare? Who were the guys who fired guns from the bubbles underneath WWII bombers? What's the story behind all those pictures of girls and other stuff drawn on WWII airplanes? R. Lee Ermey sends these viewers' questions to military experts in the field for explanations and short demonstrations. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Garage Gadgets. Handy around the house? You will be after this history of the household garage. From lawn care products to snow removal and outdoor cooking, the garage gadgets for do-it-yourselfers have evolved over the decades to meet the ever-changing challenges of maintaining a home. With a typical garage as our starting point, we'll explore the uncommon histories behind some common garage items such as the lawn mower, string trimmer, leaf blower, barbecue grill, and more. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, April 30, 2005 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- The Personal Experience: Helicopter Warfare in Vietnam - In a compelling look at young men at war, we introduce them as citizens amid the civil unrest caused by the draft and follow them through training as helicopter pilots and crews, into combat in the jungles of Vietnam, to life back in America--and as citizens once again, but 30 years later. There is no hackneyed news footage or familiar photos--these personal experiences are visually portrayed through rare 8mm film and stills shot by the soldiers themselves during "The Helicopter War". 8-9pm -- Zero Hour - Massacre at Columbine High. On a beautiful, spring morning in the affluent Denver suburb of Littleton, Colorado, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold are late for class at Columbine High School. When they finally arrive, they come not with textbooks and calculators, but fully armed, locked, and loaded with two sawn-off, 20-gauge shotguns, two 9-millimeter semi-automatic pistols, 99 pipe bombs, and enough ammunition for a long siege. Over the past year, the two teenagers have been secretly amassing this huge arsenal for a single purpose. On this morning, April 20th, 1999, the time to strike has arrived. Thus begins the worst school shooting in US history. Based on diaries, recordings, official documents, and eyewitness accounts, this faithful, multi-faceted reconstruction of the fateful hour conveys the grim intensity and shocking horror of this iconic event, without depicting the killings explicitly or luridly. 9-10pm -- Zero Hour - Disaster at Chernobyl. A powerful chronicle of the final hour leading up to the largest nuclear accident ever, at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station in the Ukraine, Soviet Union. Based on previously undisclosed facts and eyewitness accounts, we reconstruct the precise events of that fateful hour on April 26, 1986, creating the most accurate account ever produced of this world-shattering event. As we see, in the end, it's a clash of two destructive forces--one human, one technological. Deputy Chief Engineer Anatoli Dyatlov harbors a dark past that drives his fateful decision that morning; and Reactor #4 carries its own secret--a fatal design flaw that lies at the heart of the giant furnace. Like Ahab and his white whale, these two are headed towards a collision that will kill thousands and help lead to the downfall of the Soviet empire. 10-11pm -- Zero Hour - Terror in Tokyo. During a busy rush-hour morning on March 20, 1995, Tokyo's underground Metro system is packed with commuters. It's about to become ground zero for an attempted mass murder, the first time a weapon of mass destruction is used in an act of terror. The attackers, members of the religious cult Aum Shinrykio--or Aum the Supreme Truth--release the nerve agent Sarin in five separate train cars. In its purest form, Sarin is 26 times more lethal than cyanide. For the group behind the attack, the potential murder of thousands is no mere attempt to gain notice--it's a religious vendetta. We reconstruct the events from 07:46 to 08:46 on that March morning as five men set out to poison the Tokyo Metro system, offer personal testimonies of victims, and reveal the bizarre motivations that led to the murder and permanent injury of so many innocent people as we analyze the structure and psychology of Aum as a movement.
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Watch Mail Call every week if you know what's good for you, scumbag,
hosted by R. Lee Ermey of Full Metal Jacket
(movie available on video and DVD)
Wild West Tech hosted by David Carradine, some episodes narrated by Keith Carradine
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