Monday, November 1, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- How They Won with Mo Rocca - Hallowed principles, lofty ideas, substantive social agendas--all vital to a successful bid for the highest office in the land. But according to history, offering American voters ideas to aid the poor, defeat enemies, and better the human race isn't all it takes to win the White House. Pop cultural historian Mo Rocca delves into the history of America's presidential elections and takes a hard look at some of the other, less weighty topics that shaped past winners and losers. Can hairstyle make or break a campaign? What kind of pet will attract the most votes? Is having a drunken criminal for a brother actually a benefit? Hosting the show from Grant's Tomb, Mo offers answers to these and many more questions, and gleans seven secrets for winning the presidency that contenders won't want to miss! 8-10pm -- Investigating History - Genghis Khan. Genghis Khan conquered half the world and his barbarism influenced generation after generation. A brilliant and charismatic leader and military strategist, he united the nomadic Mongol tribes and left behind sons and grandsons to maintain the dynasty long after his death. And he left behind one of history's great mysteries--what happened to all the booty taken from conquered cities? Nothing has ever been found--not a goblet, coin, or statue, though gold, silver, and jewels flowed back to Mongolia like shining rivers. Legend suggests it was buried with the Great Khan and the gravedigger-soldiers killed to keep the gravesite secret. Our investigation follows clues uncovered by a Chicago attorney and passed on to an expeditionary team. There's no treasure map, but the path these scholars take provides insight into the Asian warlord and the continuing mystery of his burial place. 10-12am -- The Kings: From Babylon to Baghdad - The history of the hotspot now known as Iraq was written in blood. Ancient kings leading the world's first armies fought for total control of the fertile lands of Mesopotamia. Their cities and empires, the earliest on earth, rose and fell through warfare, invasion, and conquest. In the modern age, Iraq provided a stage for European imperialism and more recently, a focal point in U.S. foreign policy. Our 2-hour look at this historical ground zero recounts its story through its leaders, from Sargon the Great to Saddam Hussein, and brings its history to life with compelling dramatic recreations, captivating location photography, and archaeological artifacts. Notable historians, scholars, experts, and policy makers draw connections and relevance between ancient and modern Iraq through its government, culture, and religion. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, November 2, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 10. Disasters investigated include: the 1984 Union Carbide debacle in Bhopal, India, where a toxic chemical release killed 3,800 people and left 11,000 with disabling respiratory ailments; and the 2003 sudden collapse of a 10-story parking garage at the Tropicana in Atlantic City, New Jersey that killed four and injured 20. We find out why a series of structures in Hutchinson, Kansas mysteriously caught fire and exploded in 2001; and examine the 1933 construction of a canal ordered by Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin that later proved to be nearly useless and cost many lives. And we get to the bottom of a maritime mystery, when a tanker carrying non-explosive materials in San Francisco Bay blew up in 1983. 8-10pm -- Hitler: Tyrant of Terror - In a 2-hour profile, we see how various aspects of Adolf Hitler's personality were reflected in German policy and the conduct of the war. As Hitler consolidated power, he created a climate of fear while anesthetizing the masses with the cult of the "Führer". We also examine his macabre philosophy, from birth of his anti-Semitism to state-sanctioned mass murder. Rare extracts from speeches, eyewitness accounts, and startling film footage create a shocking psychological portrait. 10-12am -- Stalin: Man of Steel - In almost three decades in power, Joseph Stalin--self-named Man of Steel--transformed his country from peasant society to nuclear superpower. It was a brutal, murderous journey filled with intrigue and assassination. Along the way, 20-million Russians died--victims of one of the 20th century's towering figures, and one of history's greatest tyrants. Features rare archive film and accounts from Stalin's bodyguard, cameraman, victims, secret police, Gulag wardens, and survivors of his family. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, November 3, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Presidential Movers. The vehicles that transport the President of the United States aren't your ordinary planes, trains, and automobiles. They are top-secret. And for your Average Joe, there's only two ways to find out what they're really like inside--either get elected or stay tuned... 8-10pm -- Spartacus, Part 1 - Movie. By 72 BC, the Roman Empire had swept across the European continent, conquering countries and selling the people into slavery. But one slave dared to take a stand. This is the story of Spartacus (Goran Visnjic), from the country of Thrace, who, after witnessing his father's brutal death and enduring being sold into slavery, swears to one day live again as a free man. Based on Howard Fast's acclaimed novel, the miniseries was filmed in Bulgaria and directed by Robert Dornhelm. The cast includes Alan Bates, Assen Blatechki, Ben Cross, Henry Simmons, Angus MacFadyen, and Rhona Mitra. (2004) 10-12am -- Spartacus, Part 2 - Movie. The gladiator Spartacus leads the largest uprising of escaped gladiators and slaves in Roman history and nearly leads to the downfall of Rome. During the battles against the Romans during the Third Servile War, Spartacus became a legend. Based on Howard Fast's acclaimed novel and directed by Robert Dornhelm. The cast includes Alan Bates, Assen Blatechki, Ben Cross, Henry Simmons, Angus MacFadyen, and Rhona Mitra. (2004) ____________________________________________________ Thursday, November 4, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Air Shows. From barnstormers to Blue Angels, antique aircraft to supersonic jets, each year there are an astonishing 425 air shows in America alone, entertaining over 18-million spectators. From futuristic festivals to billion-dollar expos, we explore the world of amazing aerobatics and their ever-evolving aircraft and see how aviation technology has affected air shows--and how air shows have advanced aviation. Find out why these high-flying events are second only to baseball as America's favorite family event. 8-10pm -- Dwight D. Eisenhower - A 2-hour profile of the man from Kansas who was Supreme Allied Commander on D-Day and later U.S. President. Learn about Ike's decision to attend West Point; relationship with wife Mamie and alleged affair with his secretary during WWII; how he manipulated Churchill and FDR; and his White House years, when he brought real change to America while seeming to run the country from an easy chair. Features interviews with Senators John McCain and Bob Dole, General Wesley Clark, Tom Brokaw, and Walter Cronkite. 10-11pm -- D-Day to Berlin - The Struggle toward Germany. Hitler's armies were in headlong retreat. Paris was liberated in August 1944, Brussels in the first week of September. Only one thing stood between the Allies and the German border--the Allied generals themselves. In this hour, we see how the most basic debate remained unsolved--how to conquer Germany itself. Personality differences and radical disagreements over strategy threatened to create a rift between Eisenhower and Montgomery, and burst the alliance wide open. ____________________________________________________ Friday, November 5, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Codes. Whenever a culture reaches a level of sophistication in literacy, science, and language, codes spring up spontaneously. As the social life of a community increases in complexity, the demands for private communication between two or more people inevitably lead to cryptology--a system of secret symbolic messages. We explore the rich history of communicating with secret symbols--from Egyptian hieroglyphics to Caesar's encrypted directives, from WWI and WWII codebreakers to cyberspace. 8-9pm -- Julius Caesar - Profile of one of the world's greatest military minds, ancient Rome's Julius Caesar, who romanced Cleopatra, invented the 12-month calendar, and expanded the boundaries of the empire, before being assassinated by senators fearful of his growing power. 9-10pm -- Caligula: Reign of Madness - Caligula ruled the Roman Empire fewer than four years, and was only 28 when assassinated by officers of his guard in 41 AD. His reign was a legendary frenzy of lunacy, murder, and lust. Between executions, he staged spectacular orgies, made love to his sister, and declared himself a living god. Join us for a look at this devoted son, murderer, pervert, and loving father whose anguished life was far more bizarre than the myth that surrounds him. 10-11pm -- Ivan the Terrible: Might and Madness - The life of the bloodthirsty first Tsar of Russia. Ivan killed his own son and had several of his wives murdered. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, November 6, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Conspiracy? - Area 51. Each day, they board unmarked 747s at a private section of Las Vegas's McCarren Airport for unscheduled flights to a base that doesn't officially exist to work on projects so hush-hush they can't even discuss them with their families. Welcome to Area 51! Born in the Cold War along with flying saucers and bomb shelters, Area 51 (aka Groom Lake or Dreamland) became the Air Force's strategic test site for top-secret planes and the mysterious Aurora Project--and a symbol of the nefarious military-industrial-intelligence complex. We interview Phil Patton, author of Dreamland: Travels inside the Secret World of Area 51 for an account of the "black projects", and visit the tiny town of Rachel, which borders the top-secret base, for a look into mysterious deaths of base workers. 8-10pm -- Movies in Time - Movie. Shot in Lithuania, this 2-part movie portrays the life of one history's most feared men--Attila, King of the Huns in the 5th century--and the Western World's fate, represented by a rapidly diminishing Roman Empire. Part 1 follows young Attila, who survives the murder of his chieftain father and the slaughter of his village, and goes on to become a great warrior whose exploits draw the attention of Roman General Flavius Aetius. Starring Gerard Butler, Powers Boothe, and Alice Krige. (2001) 10-12am -- Movies in Time - Movie. After defeating his brother, Attila becomes king and marries N'Kara--who tragically dies in childbirth. Attila grows in power and, after a series of triumphs over Roman fortifications in Gaul, finally meets Aetius on the battlefield. The fate of each man is intertwined in a tangled web of revenge, deception, and betrayal--and the outcome of the Battle of Chalôns will decide the fate of Western civilization. Starring Gerard Butler, Powers Boothe, Tim Curry, and Simmone Jade MacKinnon. (2001) ____________________________________________________ Sunday, November 7, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 6-8pm -- Movies in Time - Movie. After defeating his brother, Attila becomes king and marries N'Kara--who tragically dies in childbirth. Attila grows in power and, after a series of triumphs over Roman fortifications in Gaul, finally meets Aetius on the battlefield. The fate of each man is intertwined in a tangled web of revenge, deception, and betrayal--and the outcome of the Battle of Chalôns will decide the fate of Western civilization. Starring Gerard Butler, Powers Boothe, Tim Curry, and Simmone Jade MacKinnon. (2001) 8-11pm -- The True Story of Alexander the Great - 334 BC--a 20-year-old military commander from Northern Greece set out to conquer the known world. During the next 12 years, King Alexander of Macedon led 40,000 troops more than 20,000 miles, defeated the world's most powerful ruler, King Darius of Persia, and conquered West Asia before dying at age 32. In a 3-hour special, host Peter Woodward explores the true story of Alexander the Great--a tale of conquest, love, hate, revenge, and ultimately tragedy. He visits locations of Alexander's youth, temples dedicated to Greek gods where Alexander sought divine counsel, and actual battlefields, as well as demonstrating his signature battle plans and weaponry. How could one man accomplish so much at such a young age? What led to his demise? These questions drive our analysis of Alexander's complex character, delicately balanced between genius and insanity. ____________________________________________________ Monday, November 8, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - U.S. Guns of World War II. An examination of the weapons that battled through surf and snow, dense jungle and choking dust...the guns of the American GI. Though WWII introduced instruments that pierced the dark and weapons that released the power of the atom, the infantryman's guns were designed decades before--but in dependability they were unequaled. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Roswell: Final Declassification. In 1947, a strange object fell from the sky near Roswell, New Mexico, and controversy brewed over what it really was. In November 2001, we convened a team of experts at the National Archives for an exclusive first look at the top-secret government files of the UFO incident. We unveil the remaining classified files--11 boxes with 17 notebooks of declassified files, photos, transcripts and audiotapes of dozens of witnesses, and 22 films and videos--in a definitive statement on the 50-year-old mystery. 9-10pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Tugboat Down! March 5, 1993, the tugboat Thomas Hebert, manned by a crew of seven, left Virginia towing a barge loaded with 8,500 tons of coal for Maine. Around midnight on March 7, the captain and first mate went to bed, leaving the wheelhouse to the relief captain and relief mate. Suddenly, at about 3:00 a.m., the vessel listed to starboard. The captain and first mate bolted out of bed and shifted the throttles into neutral, but to no avail. A blast of air and water blew captain and first mate into the water, where they watched helplessly as the tug went down. They're left in a life raft alone, in the middle of the night, in the middle of the ocean, wondering what sank the tug and killed their five friends. Host John Chatterton is on the case! 10-11pm -- Declassified. The Rise and Fall of the Wall - Join us for a riveting hour about the brutal life and catastrophic death of the Berlin Wall, central symbol of the 20th century's longest and deadliest war, in our series that mines formerly guarded vaults and archives around the world to reveal untold stories. We begin with the history of the conflict and technology that built it, but quickly move to the escapes and espionage tales that swirled around it. We learn about a blunder that ended the Cold War and the demise of the USSR. All the detail and drama is presented in a non-stop, fast-moving montage, cut to a rock and roll beat. Features rare footage, insider reports, and exclusive interviews with major players, including Mikhail Gorbachev and George H.W. Bush. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, November 9, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Berlin Wall. During the Cold War, the Berlin Wall stood as a forbidding barrier in an embattled world. Erected in August 1961, the Wall system stretched 103 miles through and around Berlin, locking in 1.3-million people. 261 died trying to get over, under, around, and through it. We review the daunting devices within the Death Strip--one of the deadliest obstacle courses ever--and the ingenious ways people ran it. When the Wall fell with a thud in 1989, its pieces became souvenirs or were recycled for new roads. 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Six-Shooter Tech. Six-shooters--revolvers with six chambers--were as common as cell phones in the Wild West, but when one went off, it was more than annoying--it was most often deadly. A priest, a 16-year-old boy sailing the world, and a covey of cold-blooded killers all played important parts in the development of this classic western weapon. What was missing from Samuel Colt's first revolving handgun? How did Smith & Wesson exploit a technological edge to make millions of dollars? Which six-shooter was prone to blowing up? Join us for a bang-up hour as we examine the advances that made the six-shooter safer and more reliable as a first line of defense...and just as often, as a first line of attack. 9-9:30pm -- Modern Marvels - Dangerous Cargo. Toxic traffic is everywhere! An average of 800,000 shipments of hazardous materials hit our highways and railways daily. From Wild West wooden crates filled with explosives to HAZMAT containers of nuclear waste, we shadow dangerous cargo. We ride shotgun on a hazardous material shipment that's tracked by satellites; hunt down the hush-hush "ghost fleet"--trucks carrying classified government materials; and board a Con-Air flight moving another kind of nasty stuff--dangerous felons! 9:30-10pm -- Mail Call - Celebrity Golf Tournament, Gala Ball, and Auction: #65. Gunnery Sergeant R. Lee Ermey hosts from his first annual Celebrity Golf Tournament, Gala Ball, and Auction in Washington, DC. It's bad golf for a good cause--the Navy Marine Corps Relief Society and the Young Marines Youth Organization. From the links, Lee reviews the celebrity-filled history of the USO with rare footage of some of its best and most dangerous performances in wartime. After a taste of the gala and auction, we get the lowdown on some of America's best athletes who served on both playing field and battlefield. And we visit the private beaches and ski resorts reserved for warriors--where soldiers, sailors, marines, and airmen can go on leave courtesy of the military. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 12. In Milwaukee, 104 died after drinking contaminated tap water. At Texas A&M, a tradition turned tragic when a pile of bonfire logs collapsed onto its builders. Thousands of U.S. soldiers expired in known WWII deathtraps--Sherman Tanks. In 1973, 14 men working on a 26-story building died when supports were removed from wet concrete. And in 1993, Denver's "dream" airport became a nightmare when its baggage-handling system ran amok. Aided by computer graphics, catastrophe footage, and visits to the locations today, MIT scientists, Center for Disease Control experts, WWII vets, bonfire builders, and construction engineers explain these tragedies and measures taken to prevent them in future. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, November 10, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Nature's Engineers. Towering skyscrapers buzzing with life, intricate tunnels connecting entire communities, mighty dams that tame the wildest rivers--this is construction animal style! Take a walk on the wild side as we investigate common creatures seemingly designed to alter their habitat and remake the world. Our ability to learn and capacity for abstract thought may separate us from beavers, honeybees, birds, termites, and spiders, but these engineers of nature remind us that we're merely the latest in a long line. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Trucks. Icons of the open road, trucks form the backbone of the construction and transportation industries. The facility to handle nearly any load and the ability to deliver goods almost anywhere make trucks integral to modern life. From 18th-century steam-powered carriages to tomorrow's computerized trucks, it's a long haul you'll enjoy! 9-10pm -- Full Throttle - 1968 Mustang. The concept is simple--two teams are given the same model of a classic car or motorcycle in similar disrepair. We supply them with a garage, tools, and parts. After 20 hours of repair time, we hold an old-fashioned drag race on a legal, certified track with safety devices for the novice drivers. The winner gets to keep both cars. The loser gets nothing. As we follow the teams, we interject history at each step they take, including factory footage and interviews with the legends behind the vintage vehicles. In the first episode, we take two of America's favorite pony cars, the 1968 Mustang, and inject explosive, modern high-performance technology to make them into rambunctious racing machines. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Surveillance Tech. In the world of surveillance, Big Brother is not only watching, he's also listening, analyzing, recording, scanning, and tracking every aspect of our lives. And with advanced surveillance technology, there's virtually no place to hide. We'll examine some of the most important and potentially terrifying equipment the world has ever seen...or rather, not seen...in this thriving surveillance revolution. We check out parabolic microphones that pick up conversations a mile a way, cameras that learn what and who to photograph, RadarVision that "sees through walls", and Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). And we explore the mind-bending future of surveillance technology, while, of course, reviewing its surprising history. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, November 11, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Gallipoli: The First D-Day - Not many people realize that famous D-Day of World War Two was Winston Churchill's second attempt at such an operation. During World War One, Churchill planned a similar amphibious operation on the Turkish peninsula of Gallipoli that ended in carnage, capitulation, and utter defeat. After his campaign's failure, Churchill was sacked. Amazingly, he managed to resurrect his career and 29 years later, as Prime Minister of Great Britain, mastermind the second D-Day. We talk to descendents of some of the survivors who relate their relatives harrowing stories, and examine the lessons Churchill learned on the bloody beaches of Gallipoli that would prove crucial to victory the second time around. 8-9pm -- The Last Day of World War I - At 11 a.m., November 11, 1918, World War One ended. Victory had been assured and final territory already agreed upon. So why did more soldiers die that day than on D-Day? Based on Joseph Persico's book 11th Month, 11th Day, 11th Hour: Armistice Day, 1918, we reveal how Allied leaders found outrageous excuses to send 13,000 men to their deaths against a defeated enemy. Some leaders desired promotion, others craved retribution, while one commander chose to capture a town that day solely to bathe! Despite the human toll, nothing was gained--territories taken that day were eventually returned to Germany. The senseless 11th-hour slaughter captures the whole WWI in a microcosm--pointless carnage for no positive purpose. 9-11pm -- Battle History of the Coast Guard - In its third century of service, the U.S. Coast Guard's reputation as the worldwide emblem of rescue at sea overshadows the unbelievable scope of its feats as America's fifth armed service. Once again in time of crisis, the nation calls upon this agile service to shift gears beyond its other vital duties to deal with the terrorist threat. Our 2-hour special features its exploits from inception by Alexander Hamilton in 1790 to the present day. Witness the stepchild service battle for existence, enduring by becoming indispensable and irreplaceable. And meet the men and women of the Coast Guard who perform nautical good deeds year in and year out, while fighting in all U.S. wars and protecting 16,000 miles of ocean, river, and lake shoreline! ____________________________________________________ Friday, November 12, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Battlefield Engineering. Meet some of the most important, yet least-recognized, warriors--the battlefield engineers who lay the groundwork for oncoming conflicts. We'll cover combat engineering from ancient Rome to modern-day Iraq, and take a look at the "Next Big Thing". 8-9pm -- Heavy Metal - Mosquito Attack! During WWII, one airplane was equally at home at 30,000 feet on a reconnaissance mission as it was skimming over treetops while taking the fight to the enemy. With a speed of over 400 mph, the Mosquito was so fast and maneuverable that Germany awarded pilots two kills if they shot one down. Powered by two Rolls Royce Merlin engines, its revolutionary leap of design had no armor, no weapons, could carry the same bomb load as a B-17, and was built entirely of wood! By war's end, over 40 versions of this amazing aircraft were in use. Fly into the heat of battle on one of these wooden wonders--from bombing Berlin to flying at 10 feet against Gestapo prisons; from night fighter against the Luftwaffe to pathfinder on D-Day. 9-10pm -- Battlefield Detectives - Operation Market Garden. September 17, 1944: Operation Market Garden--an Allied plan to drive deep behind enemy lines into German-held Holland. In history's largest airborne operation, more than 30,000 U.S., British, and Polish troops are dropped behind enemy lines to try to end WWII by Christmas. Devised by British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, Operation Market Garden was far from a decisive masterstroke--it was one of the worst Allied defeats of the war. The question is, why? Using innovative research on the ground over which the campaign was fought, we uncover new insights in the fields of intelligence, communications, weaponry, and terrain. Was it a daring plan that almost succeeded, or fatally flawed before it began? 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Nuclear Tech. Nuclear research ranges from well-known applications, such as bombs and reactors, to little-known uses in medicine, food preparation, and radiation detection. It's also spawned ancillary technologies to store nuclear waste and clean up accidents. Despite the risk of use and abuse for destructive purposes, many scientists remain optimistic about what's next for the atom. In an explosive hour, we explore the atom in war and peace, and the latest in nuclear power generation, safety, and security. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, November 13, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- History's Mysteries - The Nazi Plan to Bomb New York. Aviation historian David Myhra has been investigating secret German aircraft projects for more than 20 years, and has uncovered evidence of a diabolical Nazi plan to deliver a radioactive bomb to New York. In late 1944, the "Amerika Bomber" project was planned, and three aerospace designers--Wernher von Braun, Eugen Sanger, and Reimar Horten--each had a different solution. Through vivid 3D animation, photos, and recreations, these unusual projects are finally revealed! 8-11pm -- The True Story of Alexander the Great - 334 BC--a 20-year-old military commander from Northern Greece set out to conquer the known world. During the next 12 years, King Alexander of Macedon led 40,000 troops more than 20,000 miles, defeated the world's most powerful ruler, King Darius of Persia, and conquered West Asia before dying at age 32. In a 3-hour special, host Peter Woodward explores the true story of Alexander the Great--a tale of conquest, love, hate, revenge, and ultimately tragedy. He visits locations of Alexander's youth, temples dedicated to Greek gods where Alexander sought divine counsel, and actual battlefields, as well as demonstrating his signature battle plans and weaponry. How could one man accomplish so much at such a young age? What led to his demise? These questions drive our analysis of Alexander's complex character, delicately balanced between genius and insanity. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, November 14, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Investigating History - Dalton Gang Raid. On October 5, 1892, the Dalton Gang rode into history with a bold attempt to rob two banks at once in Coffeyville, Kansas. Brothers Bob, Grat, and Emmett Dalton, Bill Powers, and Dick Broadwell attempted to accomplish what no other outlaw gang had ever done--all were killed except Emmett, who, after recovering from his wounds, was sentenced to life in prison, though he was later pardoned. What really happened on that fateful day near the lawless border of Oklahoma and the Indian Territories? What went wrong from the Dalton's perspective, and conversely, what went right for the citizens who stood up to the gang? 8-10pm -- The Imperial Japanese Navy: Kaigun - Today, Japan has one of the largest fleets in the world and, for over half a century, has stood shoulder to shoulder with the U.S. Navy, defending the waters of Far East Asia and the vital sea lanes surrounding the Japanese islands. Yet previously, these two forces were locked in history's largest and most destructive naval war--World War II. This 2-hour documentary dramatizes the rise, fall, and rise again of one of the most remarkable naval forces in all of history. Tracing the heritage of the Imperial Japanese Navy from origins in a 13th century Mongol invasion, through stunning rise under the influence of Great Britain and the United States during the 19th century, to amazing victories and total defeat in WWII, to today's Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force--one of the world's strongest and finest navies. 10-11pm -- Conspiracy? - Who Killed Martin Luther King Jr.? On April 4, 1968, a sniper gunned down Martin Luther King Jr. as he stood on a motel balcony in Memphis, Tennessee. Charges of cover-ups and government complicity were heard almost immediately--suspicions that haven't waned with time. Several versions have passed for the "truth" of King's assassination--from the "official" story in '68 with small-time criminal James Earl Ray as lone assassin; Ray's later assertion that he was framed by "Raul", the true killer; to the '78 House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) report that claimed Ray acted on behalf of a conspiracy. And there's a theory that federal government agencies were out to get King--and they had greater motivation to do so than James Earl Ray. We revisit the murder--one of the least explicable of the assassinations that rocked the '60s. ____________________________________________________ Monday, November 15, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - M1 Abrams: Supertank! Join us as we penetrate the history of the world's most sophisticated tank--the M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank. In the most radical departure in U.S. tank design since WWII, the Supertank combines speed, heavy protective armor, and a fearsome 120mm main gun. In 1991, the new and unproven Abrams tank was deployed in Operation Desert Storm. Using night vision and laser targeting, the M1 Abrams tank destroyed Saddam Hussein's armored Republican Guard, and is again doing desert duty in the War in Iraq. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Crop Circle Controversy. The puzzling formations known as crop circles have appeared worldwide throughout history. In the Middle Ages, they were called "witch" or "pixie" circles, and a 1678 woodcut, the "Mowing Devil", depicts one thought to be Satan's work. But in the 1980s, the phenomenon escalated, with dozens of crop circles popping up in England and other countries. When two Englishmen claimed they had perpetrated the hoax, many felt the riddle was solved. And yet, more have materialized. We explore the mystery. 9-10pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Cruiser under Siege. July 1918--Just south of Long Island, the crew of the armored cruiser USS San Diego, en route to New York City to join a Europe-bound convoy, reports a dull thud ringing in the hull and explosions in the boiler room before the warship sinks. In his final log entry, the captain attributes the initial explosion to a torpedo. A German U-boat was in the area and her captain took credit for the sinking; but the U-156 itself sank with the conclusive evidence--her captain's log. According to the U.S. Navy, a German-laid mine ignited the initial explosion. But in 1999, declassified Soviet documents revealed new evidence describing an onboard German saboteur set to destroy the ship and disrupt the convoy. Did a torpedo, mine, or spy sink the San Diego? Host John Chatterton and detectives dive for the truth. 10-11pm -- Investigating History - The Lost Battle of the Civil War. October 25, 1864--the sky is clear and the air brisk in Kansas. Perfect weather for soldiers as they charge into battle. At the Battle of Mine Creek, 2,800 Union Cavalry soldiers defeat a Confederate cavalry of 7,000--in a mere half-hour. The bravery and cunning exhibited ranks the battle alongside the charges at Gettysburg and Brandy Station. What made this a successful battle for the Union Cavalry and why is it excluded from historical records? The battle unfolds through interviews with members of the Mine Creek Battlefield Foundation and local historians, archival letters, diaries, and the one known historical account of the battle written by Lumir Buresh in 1977. And as we walk the battlefield with a tactician from the U.S. Army, we divulge new information about its size, weapons used, and the brigades that met there from all over the country to fight at Mine Creek. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, November 16, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Jet Engines. Strap on a parachute and soar through the saga of jet propulsion, which radically transformed our world since inception in WWII--from the Nazi's first jet-powered aircraft to the U.S. F-22 jet fighter, from the Concorde to tomorrow's scram-jet, a hypersonic transport plane that switches to rocket power outside earth's atmosphere! 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Vigilante Tech. In the wilds of the American West, average citizens often stepped into the fray to keep their towns from being taken over by society's dregs. It seemed like pickpockets and pimps rolled into main street the moment gold was struck. And often, it was left up to a few brave men and women to dish out their own brand of justice--vigilante justice, and it wasn't pretty. The hemp neck-tie would string up hundreds of renegades, but vigilantes also needed technology to defend themselves and defeat the most fearsome of criminals. Cannons, forts and even windmills were employed in their "extra-legal" executions. Hosted by David Carradine. 9-9:30pm -- Modern Marvels - The World's Biggest Machines. Join us for a look at the biggest, heaviest, tallest, longest, meanest machines on the planet! We'll see what these monsters do and how they operate, and how they're designed and assembled. Machines investigated include the largest draglines, excavators used in mining; the biggest dump truck; a front-end loader with an 80-ton bucket and the largest tires of any vehicle; the cruise ship, Voyager of the Seas; a 240-foot tall wind generator; and a fusion reaction machine the size of a football field. 9:30-10pm -- Mail Call - XM8/Spencer/AC-47 Spooky/Small Diameter Bomb/Gotha Bomber: #62. R. Lee Ermey pulls a little trigger time with the latest and greatest in military rifles, the XM8, then takes a draw on one of the oldest repeating rifles, the Civil War-era Spencer. Next, he looks back at one of the hardest-hitting war birds of the Vietnam War, the AC-47 Spooky gunship, and a peek at one of the kookiest inventions to be tested during the war, the Manpack "people sniffer". Finally, the Gunny travels down to Eglin AFB to check out the Small Diameter Bomb, followed by a look at one of the earliest heavy bombers, the German Gotha Bomber. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 13. In this hour, death seeps out of the ground into a neighborhood sitting on a toxic waste dump at Love Canal in New York; soldiers die during Desert Storm in 1991 when software flaws render Patriot Missiles inaccurate; on September 11, 2001, World Trade Center Building #7 wasn't attacked, but seven hours after the Twin Towers collapsed, it too is mysteriously reduced to a pile of rubble; a night of revelry in Boston turns the Cocoanut Grove nightclub into an inferno that kills over 400 people in 1942; and the science of demolition is put to the test and fails when a building in Rhode Island, the "Leaning Tower of Providence", stands its ground. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, November 17, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - More of the World's Biggest Machines. On land, in the air, or on the sea--we examine some of the biggest machines ever built, including: the Antonov AN-225, the world's biggest aircraft; the GE 90-115B jet engine; the Sikorsky CH-53E helicopter; the Union Pacific's biggest steam locomotive, the "Big Boy" 4000 and GE's AC 6000; the Discoverer Enterprise, the world's largest oil-drilling ship; the RB 293 bucket-wheel mine excavator; and the LED Viva Vision, the world's largest printing screen, which stretches 4-blocks long in Las Vegas. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - The Autobahn. Imagine a superhighway designed for speed...thousands of miles of roadway unhindered by limits of any kind. Buckle up for safety as we take you for the ride of your life when we explore the fascinating history and current reality of the world's fastest freeway. The number-one works project of the Third Reich, the Autobahn was known as Adolf Hitler's Road until Germany's defeat in WWII. Reconstructed and extended to more than four times its original size, it became a symbol of the New Germany. 9-10pm -- Full Throttle - 1985 Buick Grand National. The Grand National represented Buick's return to its "muscle car" roots, and in the 1980s, America's "King of the Streets" received a makeover from the inside out, including headers, turbos, intercoolers, fuel injectors, ECU chips, new racing transmissions, and high-stall torque converters. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Sub Disasters. When the men and women aboard a modern submarine hear the command to dive, they can take a measure of comfort in the fact that no U.S. sub has been lost in nearly 40 years, though it's been said that the sea is a more hostile environment than space. The tragedies of former disasters have not been forgotten or squandered and the Navy has been extremely motivated to find ever more effective ways to prevent them. We'll examine sub disasters to discover what caused them and what they've taught us. And as we explore the early history of the submarine--including a sub used in the American Revolution and one used in the Civil War--we follow a modern crew using submarine simulators to train for disasters, study subs in the nuclear age, and explore state-of-the-art rescue technology. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, November 18, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Extreme Aircraft. Join us for a supersonic look at some of the most cutting-edge aircraft ever developed--from the X-1 that first broke the sound barrier to the X-43 Scramjet that recently flew at Mach 7. These extreme aircraft have made their mark on aeronautical history, and sometimes on political history as well. The U-2 and SR-71 spy planes played a crucial role in the Cold War, and now Lockheed Martin's top-secret "Skunkworks" division is touting the new "air dominance" fighter plane-- the F/A-22 Raptor. 8-11pm -- Tora! Tora! Tora! - Movie. Executive Producer Darryl F. Zanuck's inspiration meticulously represented both the Japanese and American points of view about the events leading up to and including Pearl Harbor. Directed by Richard Fleischer, Kinji Fukasaku, and Toshio Masuda, the all-star cast includes Martin Balsam, Jason Robards, Sô Yamamura, Joseph Cotten, Tatsuya Mihashi, E.G. Marshall, James Whitmore, and Neville Brand. (1970) repeated 12am ____________________________________________________ Friday, November 19, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Bullet Trains. Traveling between 135 and 190 miles per hour with an astonishingly high safety record, bullet trains can be found throughout Europe, Japan, and on the U.S. eastern seaboard. How high-speed trains are propelled is rooted in fundamentals that haven't changed since the first electric trolleys appeared in the 19th century. We see how scientists are looking at new alternatives to electricity, including magnetic levitation that can move passenger trains 345 miles per hour and beyond! 8-9pm -- Heavy Metal - Apache Helicopter. For enemy combatants, the first thing heard is a thunderous noise. The ground trembles, sand and trees whip-up into a storm. If they should see it, its huge rotor blades, missile pods, and giant optical eyes are reminiscent of a massive, deadly insect. For many, it's the last thing they ever see--the AH-64 Apache Attack Helicopter. Developed during the Cold War, this incredible aircraft is now the most powerful and feared helicopter in the world. Able to dive into action at over 200 mph, it can deliver a devastating firestorm of missiles or rockets. With its 30mm cannon, it can attack tanks, armored vehicles, and troops with razor-sharp accuracy. Using unique archive film, detailed reenactments, and extraordinary interviews, we fly into harm's way aboard these lethal aircraft. 9-10pm -- Battlefield Detectives - Native American Wars: The Apache. For over 300 years, the North American Apache tribes were remarkably successful, beating opponents who were wealthier, better armed, and apparently more organized. Apache warriors gained an unrivalled reputation as fighters. In this hour, historians explore two important battles to try and uncover the secrets of their success. Archaeologists and forensic scientists investigate and compare the weapons used by the Apache and their last enemy--the U.S. Army. A military geologist unpicks clues to Apache use of the landscape itself to help defeat outsiders. And at the sites of the Battle of Cieneguilla (1854) and Hembrillo (1880), remote locations in New Mexico, we uncover tantalizing clues. But how did the Army eventually overpower the Apache? Battlefield Detectives reveals the answer. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - The F-14. October 7, 2001: Missiles from lethal U.S. jets rain down onto Afghanistan. One powerful and deadly plane led the majority of the assaults--the F-14 Tomcat, the world's most complete military fighter. No other fighter jet carries the F-14's unique combination of weapons. Its state-of-the-art system can spot an oncoming enemy plane at almost 200 miles. Its radar can detect targets as low as 50 feet and as high as 80,000 feet and does so three times faster than the radar of any other fighter jet. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, November 20, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Conspiracy? - Who Killed Martin Luther King Jr.? On April 4, 1968, a sniper gunned down Martin Luther King Jr. as he stood on a motel balcony in Memphis, Tennessee. Charges of cover-ups and government complicity were heard almost immediately--suspicions that haven't waned with time. Several versions have passed for the "truth" of King's assassination--from the "official" story in '68 with small-time criminal James Earl Ray as lone assassin; Ray's later assertion that he was framed by "Raul", the true killer; to the '78 House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) report that claimed Ray acted on behalf of a conspiracy. And there's a theory that federal government agencies were out to get King--and they had greater motivation to do so than James Earl Ray. We revisit the murder--one of the least explicable of the assassinations that rocked the '60s. 8-10pm -- The Kennedy Assassination: Beyond Conspiracy - No other murder in history has produced as much speculation as the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Forty years after he was fatally shot, more than 70 percent of polled Americans believe there was a conspiracy and that Lee Harvey Oswald did not act alone. In this 2-hour special, ABC News Anchor Peter Jennings takes a fresh look at the assassination, the evidence, the various and many theories, and an exact computer simulation of the famous Abraham Zapruder film that offers surprising results. 10-12am -- Kennedys: The Curse of Power - Traces the Kennedy clan's calamities that occurred on the rise to power--from immigration from Ireland up to John Kennedy Jr.'s tragic death in 1999. The first hour sees the loss of Joe Jr. in WWII and the assassinations of JFK and RFK. Hour two witnesses Ted's downfall and role as surrogate father to a fatherless generation. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, November 21, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Secrets of Soviet Space Disasters - An investigation into one of the 20th century's most shocking hidden stories--the dismal failure of the Soviet space program, which led to more than 150 recorded deaths. Much has come to light from declassified files. We see how personal rivalries, shifting political alliances, and bureaucratic bungling doomed the program. 8-10pm -- Siberia: How the East Was Won - While a neophyte United States expanded west, Russia conquered an inhospitable territory to its east--Siberia, a vast land of majestic beauty and abundant natural resources. This is the little-known story of how the east was won, Russian-style--from settlement by ancestors of North America's indigenous people; 16th-century Cossack invasion; the 1890s, when the Trans-Siberian Railroad enabled convict labor; Communism's arrival in 1917; and the rush to develop heavy industry. And when the Iron Curtain finally fell, capitalism arrived--accompanied by crime, drugs, prostitution, abandoned children, and AIDS. Yet our 2-hour special reveals Siberia's sense of hope and promise. Buried deep beneath Siberia's frozen soil lies oil--and Siberia has sprouted dozens of Wild East Towns to exploit it! 10-11pm -- Conspiracy? - Princess Diana. Conspiracy theories capture the public's imagination, and in this hour, we explore the death of Princess Diana--the world's most photographed woman, who lived and died amidst media madness. On August 31, 1997, while being pursued by paparazzi, the frenzy turned fatal when the car carrying Princess Di and boyfriend Dodi Fayed crashed inside the Alma Tunnel in Paris. From the start, conspiracists suggested that Diana's death was political. The official French inquiry, conducted in near-total secrecy, ignited numerous theories--mainly placing British power behind her death. And while the "official" British inquiry is slated for release in 2005, its findings will likely do little to squelch skeptics. ____________________________________________________ Monday, November 22, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Ball Turret Gunners. In war, certain missions demand the most and constitute much of the legends of bravery. Journey back to the Second World War when fearless airmen manned the B-17's belly guns--glass bubbles that at any moment could become their coffin. The ball turret gunners called their work "flying the ball", others called it crazy! 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Area 51: Beyond Top Secret. Born during the Cold War, Area 51 in Nevada, also known as Groom Lake or Dreamland, became not only the Air Force's most strategic test site, but also a symbol of everything that was sneaky about the U.S. military-industrial-intelligence complex. In recent years, UFO investigators claimed that the top-secret planes tested there were built with technology gleaned from captured alien aircraft. We uncover the secrets of the cryptic desert facility and look into mysterious deaths of base workers. 9-10pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Ship of Doom. The once majestic SS Marine Electric lies 134 feet beneath the Atlantic off New Jersey's coast. While hauling coal on the night of February 12, 1983, she suddenly capsized and sank in a savage winter storm. With no time to launch lifeboats, 34 men were hurled into the frozen Atlantic. Only three survived. What caused a veteran merchant ship to plunge to the ocean floor? Survivors blamed the owners for sending an unsafe boat to sea. But the owners charged that one of the survivors caused his crewmates' deaths by failing to observe basic safety procedures. In the shadow of these allegations, the wreck is a potential crime scene. Divers pore over the rusting hulk hunting for evidence in an effort to answer the tantalizing question of what, or who, sent the Marine Electric to her watery grave. 10-11pm -- Investigating History - The JFK Assassination. How does forensic science help resolve questions about the JFK assassination? With the help of a group of scientists and researchers with access to the evidence in the case, Investigating History looks at new information that examines which theories are believable, and which are not. Specifically, the experts looked at the acoustic evidence from the radio of one of the motorcycle policemen in the motorcade and the number of shots that were fired; at the reliability of autopsy X-rays of JFK's skull; at the investigation that concluded that Oswald was the lone assassin; at the new evidentiary support for the "magic bullet" theory; and more. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, November 23, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Demolition. While a civilization's greatness is reflected in the achievements of architects and engineers, equally impressive are spectacular acts of destruction throughout history. The cycle of construction and destruction reflects the shifting values of any given era. We'll trace the evolution of planned destruction from ancient to modern-day. 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Alamo Tech. One of the most famous last-stand battles couldn't have happened without a little technology--and we don't just mean guns, cannons, and missiles! The Mexican army also used music, uniforms, and other psychological operations to keep the Alamo defenders off guard. Inside the fort, outnumbered Texans watched the enemy advance, thanks to telescopes, while sharpening their Bowie knives and cleaning their Kentucky rifles in anticipation of the onslaught. The battle began before dawn, and we'll show you how combatants used technology to see in the dark. And you'll learn how the Alamo turned from refuge into deathtrap. See how Davy Crockett, Jim Bowie, and General Santa Anna all used technology of the day as we "Remember the Alamo!" Hosted by David Carradine. 9-9:30pm -- Modern Marvels - Nature's Engineers. Towering skyscrapers buzzing with life, intricate tunnels connecting entire communities, mighty dams that tame the wildest rivers--this is construction animal style! Take a walk on the wild side as we investigate common creatures seemingly designed to alter their habitat and remake the world. Our ability to learn and capacity for abstract thought may separate us from beavers, honeybees, birds, termites, and spiders, but these engineers of nature remind us that we're merely the latest in a long line. 9:30-10pm -- Mail Call - Rapid Fielding Initiative/Anti-Tank and Anti-Anti-Tank/Blimp Sub-hunters/Cloud Car: #63. Gunnery Sergeant R. Lee Ermey checks out how our troops, hopefully, are getting the latest gear in record time through the Rapid Fielding Initiative. Next, it's a trip back in time to see the kind of heat the German Army's anti-tank crews packed, followed by a look at some anti-anti-tank weapons. Finally, the Gunney finds out how the Navy used blimps as sub hunters during WWII, and takes a look at an unique WWI invention, the German "cloud car" spy basket. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 14. In this hour, we examine a massive oil tanker explosion that killed nine; a subway tunnel cave-in that swallowed part of Hollywood Boulevard; a freighter plane crash that destroyed an 11-story apartment building; an historic molasses flash flood; and a freeway ramp collapse that buried construction workers in rubble and concrete. Investigators from NTSB, Cal/OSHA, and Boeing, structural and geo-technical engineers, and historians explain how so much could have gone wrong, costing so many lives. And aided by computer graphics, footage and photos of the disasters, and visits to the locations today, we show viewers what caused these catastrophes and what design experts have done to make sure they never happen again. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, November 24, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- The History of Thanksgiving - From the Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock, Lincoln's 1863 declaration naming it a national holiday, to turkey, Macy's parade, and football, we'll share the abundant feast of Thanksgiving history--including all the trimmings! 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Movie Theaters. Since the late 1800s, when the first flapping images persuaded people that they were watching action unfold, movie technology has steadily evolved to make films seem more and more lifelike. Now movies use high-tech tricks like computer-generated digital imaging, multichannel sound, and even 6-story IMAX images to make the audience believe that what's happening on the screen is as real as the popcorn stuck to their teeth and the theater floor. Join us for a popping hour as we explore 100 years of movie-theater technology. 9-10pm -- Full Throttle - 1975 Firebird. Two teams are given classic cars in similar disrepair. We supply them with a garage, tools, and parts. After 20 hours of repair time, we hold an old-fashioned drag race on a legal, certified track with safety devices for the novice drivers. The winner gets to keep both cars. The loser gets nothing. As we follow the teams, we interject history at each step they take, including factory footage and interviews with the legends behind the vintage vehicles. In this episode, the 1975 Firebird is the prize. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Bathroom Tech. From tub to toilet to toothpaste, here's everything you ever wanted to know about the most used and least discussed room in the house. From the first home bathrooms in ancient India, Roman latrines, and bizarre Victorian-era bath contraptions, to modern luxurious master bathroom suites, we trace the history of bathing, showering, and oral hygiene. And we reveal the messy truth about what was used before toilet paper--brainchild of the Scott Brothers of Philadelphia--and why astronauts wear diapers. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, November 25, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - ET Tech. In 2003, with Mars closer to Earth than it had been in 60,000 years, scientists launched three life-seeking planetary landers. If the long journeys prove successful, all should be hard at work on the Red Planet's surface by January 2004. NASA's Spirit and Opportunity and the European Space Agency's Beagle 2 represent the pinnacle in the history of the search for extraterrestrial life. Leading scientists, who believe life may exist beyond Earth, explain skepticism about ETs having visited Earth. 8-9pm -- UFOs: What You Didn't Know - UFO Hot Spots. For those who study the UFO phenomenon, "UFO Hot Spots" are places around the globe known for a long history of UFO sightings and reports. From Brazil to Mexico, from Washington State to Florida, multiple witnesses, including air traffic controllers and even the military, confirm that something unexplained is repeatedly happening in the night sky. Tales of alien abductions, bizarre and chilling photographs of UFOs, and hours of videotape all abound as we search for UFO Hot Spots. 9-10pm -- UFOs: What You Didn't Know - When UFOs Arrive. It's all hush-hush as we track a secretive global paper trail, delving into government plans on how to deal with other-planet visitors. Searching historical records, we find that protocols are in place--from the U.S. military's JANAP-146 reporting requirements to France's Cometa files, from Chapter 13 of the FEMA Fire Officer's Guide to Disaster Control titled "Enemy Attack and UFO Potential", to a now-repealed federal law titled "Extraterrestrial Exposure". 10-11:25pm -- Band of Brothers - Currahee. They were ordinary men, swept up in the most extraordinary conflict in history. With the eyes of the world upon them, they found their greatest source of strength in each other. From Tom Hanks and Steven Spielberg, this is the story of Easy Company--an elite team of U.S. paratroopers whose WWII exploits are as incredible as they are true. Part 1 begins on June 4, 1944, in England, as Lts. Richard Winters (Damian Lewis) and Lewis Nixon (Ron Livingston) reflect on the past that led them to D-Day. ____________________________________________________ Friday, November 26, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Inventions of War. Arising from the horrible carnage, deprivation, and suffering caused by war is a countless array of everyday items--from hairbrushes to microwaves--that directly descend from wartime innovations. Wartime research and development have revolutionized communication, transportation, and medicine. From Spam to nuclear power to hairspray and cell phones, life as we know it ironically owes a lot to war. We'll follow the day-to-day life of an ordinary woman and see the influence of war on her life. 8-9pm -- Investigating History - Buried Secrets of the Revolutionary War. In 1777, as the Revolutionary War escalated, colonists in upstate New York faced a brutal British strategy--employment of Native Americans as scouts with orders to create chaos, kill militia, and scalp colonists. Set against this scenario, we investigate a forgotten incident in American history--the death of Jane McCrea. Engaged to a British loyalist, Jane was abducted in an Indian raid. But was she scalped by British-allied Indians, or mistakenly shot by colonial militia trying to save her? Hunting for clues, forensic anthropologists open her grave and find two sets of bones--but no skull! Scientists search for Jane's kinfolk and, aided by DNA analysis, computer facial reconstruction, and historical research, try to resolve questions about her death and the mysteries uncovered in her grave. 9-10pm -- Battlefield Detectives - American Revolution: Battle of Monmouth. A key moment in the Revolutionary War between Great Britain and her 13 rebellious colonies, the Battle of Monmouth took place on June 28, 1778, in rural New Jersey. The British assumed that the American Army was weak, ill-disciplined, and incapable of facing up to seasoned British regulars. But at Monmouth, things turned out differently. Washington used his artillery so effectively that the cowed British were pinned down, took significant casualties, and left their dead unburied. In this hour, historians, archaeologists, meteorologists, physiologists, and munitions experts examine the evidence of what took place at Monmouth. In modern laboratory conditions, they test what happens when men in heavy woolen uniforms fight on one of the hottest days in New Jersey history, and investigate the effects of a new intensive training regime on the colonial forces. 10-11:05pm -- Band of Brothers - Day of Days. Planes carrying thousands of paratroopers cross the English Channel into French airspace, where German flak causes the pilots to drop them in a less than safe and organized fashion. Lt. Winters (Damian Lewis) lands alone in a field, soon joined by John Hall (Andrew Scott), a private from another company. Executive producers Tom Hanks and Steven Spielberg bring to life renowned WWII historian Stephen Ambrose's nonfiction book about an Army rifle company that parachuted into France on D-Day. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, November 27, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 13. In this hour, death seeps out of the ground into a neighborhood sitting on a toxic waste dump at Love Canal in New York; soldiers die during Desert Storm in 1991 when software flaws render Patriot Missiles inaccurate; on September 11, 2001, World Trade Center Building #7 wasn't attacked, but seven hours after the Twin Towers collapsed, it too is mysteriously reduced to a pile of rubble; a night of revelry in Boston turns the Cocoanut Grove nightclub into an inferno that kills over 400 people in 1942; and the science of demolition is put to the test and fails when a building in Rhode Island, the "Leaning Tower of Providence", stands its ground. 8-9pm -- Save Our History - Secrets of Jamestown. In 1607, 105 Englishmen crowded onto three ships to cross the Atlantic in search of a new world. They built a fort at Jamestown and established trade with the indigenous people. But things turned bad quickly--the natives became hostile, the land was unforgiving, and disease and hardship overtook them. Just how did Jamestown, long thought to be a near-failure due to its colonists' incompetence, survive to become the first permanent English settlement despite all odds? A 10-year-long archaeological dig is unearthing evidence every day that tells a different story. Host Steve Thomas climbs down a 400-year-old well, wades into a swamp filled with 1,000-year-old trees, and takes us to a firing range, a sculptor's studio, and right into a forensics lab to piece together the real story of Jamestown Colony. 9-10pm -- High Hitler - Adolf Hitler dreamt of creating a master race, but achieved a Holocaust--the murder of millions of Jews and those deemed physical or mental defects. But the Führer, an appalling hypochondriac, abused laxatives and suffered from stomach cramps and embarrassing flatulence. And that was just the start! When he committed suicide in 1945, the great dictator was frail with tremors and a shuffling walk--a feeble condition concealed from the world. We explore the relationship between Hitler and his personal physician, Dr. Theodore Morell. How did amphetamine abuse, Parkinson's Disease, and tertiary syphilis impact on his state of mind? 10-11:20pm -- Band of Brothers - Carentan. After regrouping in the town of Angoville-au-Plain, Easy Company tries to capture the town of Carentan. Two days after D-Day, some members of Easy Company are still lost and alone in Normandy, including Pvt. Albert Blithe (Marc Warren), who finds the rest of the unit just in time to help take Carentan, which Allied armor from Utah and Omaha beaches need in order to link up. Later, the company returns to England, but celebrations are short-lived when news comes that they'll be moving out again. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, November 28, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Investigating History - The JFK Assassination. How does forensic science help resolve questions about the JFK assassination? With the help of a group of scientists and researchers with access to the evidence in the case, Investigating History looks at new information that examines which theories are believable, and which are not. Specifically, the experts looked at the acoustic evidence from the radio of one of the motorcycle policemen in the motorcade and the number of shots that were fired; at the reliability of autopsy X-rays of JFK's skull; at the investigation that concluded that Oswald was the lone assassin; at the new evidentiary support for the "magic bullet" theory; and more. 8-9pm -- Conspiracy? - Lincoln Assassination. April 14, 1865--Actor John Wilkes Booth shot President Lincoln in the back of the head at a Washington theater. Days later, Wilkes died in a standoff, and eventually, eight Southern sympathizers were tried for conspiracy. This much we know to be true. But many conspiracy theories arose--pointing to the Confederacy, the Union, and even the Catholic Church! Once again, new theories have sprung up, based on recently found documents and forensic technology. Historian Edward Steers Jr. connects Booth to the Confederate Secret Service in Montreal, which indirectly links him to Jefferson Davis and the Confederate government; while biographer Charles Higham places Booth in a larger conspiracy. Historians, biographers, and researchers, who take issue with Steers and Higham, counter their arguments here. 9-10pm -- Conspiracy? - FDR and Pearl Harbor. The attack on Pearl Harbor shocked the nation. To many, the official explanations of misguided assumptions and missed clues did not account for the enormity of the catastrophe. We examine "alternative" theories that arose soon after the attack. Was a plot hatched in Washington to solve FDR's "problem"--convincing a reluctant country to fight the Nazis? Did FDR send a secret cable just days before the attack ordering Pearl Harbor chiefs to stand down? Did U.S. intelligence intercept a message from Tokyo asking its spies in Hawaii to map the harbor for an imminent air attack? More than six decades later, the controversy boils under the surface of recent U.S. history, igniting heated debates over collusion, intrigue, and thousands of American dead. 10-11:15pm -- Band of Brothers - Replacements. Fresh replacements join Easy Company in time for a massive paradrop into German-occupied Holland. The Dutch townspeople of Eindhoven welcome them as liberators, but when Easy and a cluster of British tanks move into a nearby town, a superior German force inflicts many casualties and forces a retreat. As they move onto another assignment in Holland, Capt. Winters (Damian Lewis) laments the retreat, and Capt. Nixon (Ron Livingston) thinks that the ambitious Allied operation seems to have failed. ____________________________________________________ Monday, November 29, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Landmines. A major battlefield weapon since the American Civil War and the stuff of nightmares ever since, the civilian toll from landmines remains immense. Inflicted by an enemy that can't be seen, landmines are littered throughout 64 countries, making life a game of Russian roulette for two-thirds of the world's poorest nations. Featuring an interview with Jerry White, co-founder of Landmine Survivor's Network, who lost a leg due to a landmine in Israel. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - New UFO Revelations: Cattle Mutilations. A rancher's nightmare, the mysterious murder of livestock has plagued farmlands worldwide for generations. Commonly known as cattle mutilations, these bizarre deaths happen to horses, goats, sheep, rabbits, and others, though the most frequent victims are cattle. Most often, udders, ears, tongues, and eyes are somehow surgically removed from the animal without spilling a drop of blood! We explore the prevailing belief that extraterrestrial beings bear responsibility for these grotesque, bloodless slaughters. Alien presence provides an explanation for the manner of killings and the ability to perform the delicate operation so consistently and so precisely. Viewers will watch an actual field investigation unfold as we delve into the history of the cattle mutilation phenomenon and its connection to UFOs. 9-10pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Sinking by Sabotage. Host John Chatterton dives the remains of a ship recently found off Florida whose past is as illustrious as her demise was mysterious. The Eleanor Bolling was the workhorse that carried Admiral Richard Byrd on his 1928 Antarctic expedition. But after Byrd's return to a New York City tickertape parade, his historic ship was soon forgotten and eventually sold in 1937. Renamed the Vamar, she began service as a cargo carrier in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean. In March 1942, as the Battle of the Atlantic raged and German U-boats savaged Allied shipping, the Vamar left Florida headed for Cuba. The weather was fair, the seas calm, when suddenly, she sank without warning. Was she torpedoed? Did she hit a mine? Or was her captain in reality a Nazi spy who sank her as an act of sabotage? 10-11:10pm -- Band of Brothers - Crossroads. Capt. Winters (Damian Lewis) leads a contingent of Easy Company men on a risky mission over a Dutch dike that results in a "turkey shoot" of fleeing Germans, and is promoted to Battalion Executive Officer, leaving Easy Company in the hands of Lt. "Moose" Heyliger (Stephen McCole). After moving back off the line to France, Lt. Nixon (Ron Livingston) insists that Winters take a break and see Paris. But when Winters returns, news comes in of a massive German counterattack in the Ardennes Forest. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, November 30, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Tactical to Practical - # 36. Host Hunter Ellis takes a ride in a zero-G aircraft and flies with one of the world's wildest stunt pilots; examines new designs to keep racetrack drivers from blacking out during extreme-G acceleration; and meets thrill seekers hooked on extreme G-force adventure--like riding the world's fastest roller coasters to attempting incredible bungee jumps. Next, he checks out new portable power technologies being created by the military to lighten the load the average grunt carries onto a battlefield--which includes 20 pounds of batteries! And he looks at the evolution of battery technology that has made possible all the gadgets we use daily. Finally, Hunter examines the latest military icebreaker and demonstrates an inflatable survival suit, used by both the military and civilians, which allows both flotation and warmth in extreme cold waters. 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Deadwood Tech. Touted as one of the "liveliest and peculiar places west of the Mississippi", in Deadwood speculators, misfits, and cold-blooded killers came together to stake their claim. Located in South Dakota's Black Hills, in this raunchy, rip-roaring town, primitive technology met bold innovations, commerce and corruption collided, and shootouts were as common as the filth that filled the streets. Examines the good, bad, and ugly technologies of the last and richest gold rush town, including stagecoaches and stagecoach robberies; bull whacking and bull trains; gold counterfeiting; saw mills; smelter and cyanide mills; electric marquees; and mortuary science. And we feature forensic analysis of Wild Bill Hickok's death, and say howdy to a few of Deadwood's other famous characters like Calamity Jane. 9-10pm -- Secret Allied Aircraft of WWII - At WWII's outset, U.S. and U.K. military aircraft designs were woefully behind Germany's and Japan's technologically superior planes. But the genius and ingenuity of innovators on both sides of the Atlantic closed the gap. For America, it was a handful of visionaries and their teams; for Great Britain, a creative and thoughtful spirit emanated from the top leadership on down. This is the untold stories of their cutting-edge designs and solutions, some of which proved decades ahead of their time. 10-11:20pm -- Band of Brothers - Bastogne. In the dead of winter, in the forest outside of Bastogne, Belgium, Easy Company struggles to hold the line alone, while fending off frostbite and hunger. An overwhelmed Medic Eugene Roe (Shane Taylor), on edge and close to combat exhaustion, finds friendship with a Belgian nurse (Lucie Jeanne). Easy spends a miserable Christmas in the trenches, but is buoyed after hearing news that General McAuliffe met the German Army's demand for surrender with the defiant answer: "Nuts!"
For info on UFOs, check out the interview on MonsterVision's Mars Attacks page
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