Sunday, August 1, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 6-8pm -- Killer Storm - Killer Storm October 1991--an unpredicted monster storm ravaged the U.S. Atlantic coast, unleashing its fury on land and sea. Unique in destructive power and as a 100-Year Meteorological Event, its 114-hour rampage posed daunting challenges to weather forecasting, emergency warning agencies, and search and rescue teams as we see in this 2-hour exploration of the events surrounding the savage storm. 8-10pm -- Isaac's Storm - September 8, 1900. Galveston, Texas. A typically hot and humid day. Women tended to chores; men traveled downtown to work, including Isaac Cline, head of the National Weather Bureau's local office. Cline believed the island was safe from hurricane, but by afternoon, a Category-4 storm proved how wrong he was. In a 2-hour special based on Erik Larson's book "Isaac's Storm", weather experts, historians, and survivors' descendants guide us through that horrific day that claimed over 6,000. 10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - French Musketeer Gear/Hellcat and Zero/U.S. Army's High Altitude Rescue Team/XR-8 Syncopter: #56 R. Lee Ermy does some fancy footwork, fencing his way through the gear of the French Musketeer's. Next, the Gunny sizes up two of the greatest fighter planes of World War II--the U.S. F6F Hellcat and the Japanese A6M Zero. Then, we find out what it takes to be a member of the U.S. Army's High Altitude Rescue Team. Finally, Lee opens the "fabulous flops" file to spotlight the XR-8 Syncopter, a helo with blades that had a nasty tendency to intertwine. 10:30-11pm -- Command Decisions - Battle of Midway Six months after Pearl Harbor, American cryptanalysts decipher a Japanese military message about a planned raid on Midway--two small islands where U.S. aircraft are stationed. If they succeed, they can easily take Hawaii and control of the Pacific from the crippled U.S. Navy. Part documentary, part interactive game, we put viewers in the positions of Admiral Jack Fletcher and Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, providing them with the same information and available options, to re-fight the battle. ____________________________________________________ Monday, August 2, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Battle Gear From battle armor to bubble gum, you might be surprised by what soldiers have carried into battle--and what they'll carry in future wars. In this look at the development of weapons--from the Roman soldier's gladius to the M16 assault rifle to infrared scopes and biological weapons protection--we also discover the evolution of body armor--from knights to Kelvar-protected "Land Warriors". And we'll also find out what the "Future Warrior" will look like. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Roswell: Final Declassification In 1947, a strange object fell from the sky near Roswell, New Mexico, and controversy brewed over what it really was. In November 2001, we convened a team of experts at the National Archives for an exclusive first look at the top-secret government files of the UFO incident. We unveil the remaining classified files--11 boxes with 17 notebooks of declassified files, photos, transcripts and audiotapes of dozens of witnesses, and 22 films and videos--in a definitive statement on the 50-year-old mystery. 9-10pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Japanese Sub at Pearl Harbor The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was a move of unprecedented aggression that shook the U.S. out of its peaceful slumber and into WWII. But for 60 years, veterans of the destroyer USS Ward claimed they sank an enemy submarine outside the harbor more than an hour before the aerial attack began. The wreck was never found, and the story was dismissed. In August 2002, a dive team crossed its path and their find made headlines worldwide. We travel to Pearl Harbor to investigate the midget sub mystery. 10-11pm -- Investigating History - Dead Sea Scrolls The Dead Sea Scrolls are arguably the most important manuscript discovery in history. Believers hoped they would provide clues about the origins of Judaism and Christianity and that the name Jesus might appear in documents written during his life. We follow one scholar in search of new caves that might contain scrolls. As the dig team works along a cliff face near Qumran, we trace the history of the Dead Sea Scroll controversy and the evolving interpretation of what was written 2,000 years ago. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, August 3, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Survival Technology In an historic survey of man's adaptation to killer environmental conditions, we travel to the desert, the Arctic, the sea, jungle, and space, charting the body's physiological responses to extreme circumstances such as frostbite, heatstroke, and hypothermia. We talk with military survival experts and learn about the latest cutting-edge survival gear, as well as the equipment aboard the space station, and look to the future, when nano-technology will create a new type of technology. 8-9pm -- Tactical to Practical - Rough Water Boats/Panic Rooms/Adventure Journalists, War Correspondents: #25 Host Hunter Ellis test drives the Ultimate Adventure Boat as we look at the boats and ships that make it possible to fight a war during any condition at sea--from the Navy SEALs' Zodiac to the unsinkable lifeboat, from white-water kayaks to icebreakers. Then, Hunter learns how bunkers and bomb shelters have led to panic and safe rooms. And he meets up with military photojournalists of Fleet Combat Camera, and heads out with Teton Gravity Research, a team of out-there documentary filmmakers. 9-9:30pm -- Tech Effect - Apollo 11 In 1961, President Kennedy challenged the nation to put a man on the moon before the decade ended. Just under the wire in July 1969, Neil Armstrong set foot on the lunar surface. We examine that decade's technological advancements and see how they culminated in Apollo 11 and the lunar landing, including: spacesuits; Saturn V, the largest rocket ever built; the computers and cameras onboard the lunar module; and a deep-space network of satellites that beamed the images around the world. 9:30-10pm -- Mail Call - Navy Marine Mammals/Field Hospitals/Desert Ducks: #55 The Gunny proves that the Navy Marine Mammals program is no fish tale--and discovers just how dolphins and sea lions help win wars. Next, R. Lee Ermey discovers how we got our injured soldiers from the battlefield to field hospitals by the chain of evacuation established in WWII; and he takes a ride in the WC54 ambulance. Finally, Lee profiles the Desert Ducks--the Navy unit in charge of delivering the mail to ships in the Persian Gulf. 10-11pm -- Wild West Tech - Hunting Tech The Wild West was a vast and bountiful frontier, filled with animals, fur … and opportunity. The men who kept up with the latest advances in technology had a big advantage as they tried to tame the West. Whether it was a change in beaver trap production, a new method of making skinning knives, or increases in the power and accuracy of buffalo rifles, the tools of the hunter shaped the story of the West. On WILD WEST TECH: HUNTING TECH, we look at the evolution of hunting tools and weapons, and how advances in technology made the unthinkable -- the near-extinction of the bison -- a reality. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, August 4, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Stock Exchange Welcome to the center of the American economy, where nearly $90-million changes hands each minute. Journey back to the wooden wall, built to hold back Indians, where early traders signed a pact creating the New York Stock Exchange; watch worldwide markets quake with the crash of 1929; and visit today's computer-driven wonder. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Breweries From Pilgrim brew masters to early commercial ventures to today's monolithic corporations, we'll imbibe American beer's long history, focusing on the commercial brewing industry that developed in the 19th century and continues to today. We'll also taste social experiments from the past, like the Temperance Movement and Prohibition, to see how they left scars on the industry and continue to influence sobriety today. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Saloons From a ladle and tin cup in an 1850s mining camp and Civil War tent saloons to Prohibition-era speakeasies, we investigate the history of the American saloon, and go behind-the-scenes at Billy Bob's, a 3-acre Texan saloon, and a Los Angeles sports bar with a computerized liquor-dispensing system. We see what it took to create the elaborate carved bars, the purpose of the brass foot-rail, the impact of refrigerated railroad cars on beer supply, and the transformational power of the bottle cap. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Distilleries From water and grain...to mash...still...vat...barrel and bottle--the distilling of alcoholic spirits is a big business and near-sacred religion. Its acolytes eye the color, swirl the glass, inhale the bouquet, sip, then ponder their ambrosia. What's your pleasure? Bourbon, Scotch, Rum, Gin, Vodka, or Tequila? We trace the history of distilling from the one-man/one-still tradition to the Voldstead Act of 1920 that devastated American distilleries to the mega-sales and high-volume distillery of today. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, August 5, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Police Technology When police forces were born in the 1800s, British "bobbies" made due with a billy club. Public wariness and institutional resistance to change held back technological advances for much of the 20th century. But in the last decades, police have been swept up in a technological revolution that has transformed nearly all aspects of crime fighting. 8-10pm -- Time Machine - Highway Hangouts: Celebrating America's Roadside Attractions Hitch a ride and travel America's byways to discover the wacky highway attractions that formed a roadside culture that fed, housed, and amused us for decades. Visit dinosaur theme parks, coffee pot-shaped diners, and truck stops extraordinaire; and view a snapshot of who we are as a nation. Based on John Margolies's books. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Trucks Icons of the open road, trucks form the backbone of the construction and transportation industries. The facility to handle nearly any load and the ability to deliver goods almost anywhere make trucks integral to modern life. From 18th-century steam-powered carriages to tomorrow's computerized trucks, it's a long haul you'll enjoy! ____________________________________________________ Friday, August 6, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Maginot Line The Maginot Line, a defensive string of forts with enfilading firepower, was built by France between WWI and WWII. Conceived by Minister of War Andre Maginot, it was meant to forestall another German invasion until troops could arrive. But the French began to think of the line as a substitute for manpower. When Belgium declared neutrality and exposed France's flank, Germany was able to sidestep the line. We'll visit the "impregnable" line's forts, observation turrets, and underground railroads. 8-9pm -- Wild West Tech - Outlaw Tech We think of outlaws as a primitive bunch, but these badmen were ahead of their time and took advantage of new technology. Host Keith Carradine shows how dynamite and the telegraph assisted criminals, and how photography stole their anonymity. As the 20th century approached, the technology that had helped them outrun authorities caught up with them in the form of a new invention--the automobile. Butch Cassidy, Jesse James, Henry Starr, Black Jack Ketchum, and a few others make appearances. 9-9:30pm -- Decisive Battles - Marathon Marathon, Greece, September 490 BC. King Darius leads his Persian army in an attack on Greece. When the Persian fleet, carrying massive infantry and cavalry, arrived on Greek soil at Marathon Bay, the Greeks were outnumbered 4:1. But in an heroic effort, the Athenian hoplite warriors were victorious in a fight against both greater numbers and time. Yet while they fought on land, Persian ships were sailing round to sack the undefended city. Athens had to be warned--thus Phidippides' 26-mile run. 9:30-10pm -- Command Decisions - Battle of Cambrai In 1917, Germany's Hindenburg Line, fortified by deep trenches and barbed wire, is considered unbreakable. British General Sir Julian Byng develops a strategy to storm the barricade with a barrage of tanks. It's risky--tanks are new technology with a poor performance record. But the charge is a success and breaks the German stranglehold on WWI's Western Front. Part documentary, part interactive game, viewers join Byng and General Georg von der Marwitz on the battlefield at Cambrai in Northern France. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Nordhausen It was the world's largest underground factory--seven miles of tunnels built to manufacture Hitler's secret weapons, primarily the V-2 rocket. But Nordhausen kept more than one secret. Technology and torture went hand-in-hand--25,000 concentration camp workers died there--and some of those associated with Nordhausen later helped take America to the moon. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, August 7, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Wild West Tech - Cowboy Tech A no-bull episode that roams the range hunting for the gritty truth behind the Old West's most enduring figure. Host Keith Carradine examines the cowboy's trade tools--from saddle to spurs--and undergoes the dangers of a cattle drive. Reenactments show off cowboy skills, including roping, riding, shooting, and branding, as we see how the tradition lives on in rodeos. And, we shoot down reputations as we look behind the myths of legendary cowboys like John Wesley Hardin, Billy the Kid, and Tom Horn. 8-10pm -- Time Machine - American Eats: History on a Bun Join us for a 2-hour tasty tour of the fascinating history of food, with a special focus on home-cooked American treats. Find out if "Scorecard Harry" really invented the hot dog, the Earl of Sandwich's culinary contribution, and how an Italian immigrant began the pizza craze. Get out your fork and knife and relish our fabulous feast! 10-12am -- Time Machine - History of the Beach: The Turning Tides of History To the naked eye, seaside resorts appear to be a non-stop party of sand, surf, sun, and sex--from Rio to the Riviera, from Miami to Muscle Beach. But building the beach meant centuries of struggle against nature, fear, and man! Slather on the sunscreen and slither into your bikini for a 2-hour history of paradise on earth, where the awesome power of water and waves helped turn hostile slivers of real estate into the world's premier destinations for recreation, relaxation, and adventure. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, August 8, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 8-9pm -- Outlaw Bikers - A nostalgic look at the days when leather-clad hoodlums turned the motorcycle into a symbol of violence and a Harley meant mayhem. Profiles "Wino" Willie Forkner, who founded an outlaw biker gang called the Boozefighters, and the notorious Hell's Angels, who terrorized towns across America. (1-hour version) 9-10pm -- Motorcycles - Set the sedan's safety brake and hop on your "hog" for a high-speed history of the motorcycle--from the 1868 "steam velocipede" to the early 20th century, when they were a low-cost alternative to automobiles; from Harley-Davidsons preferred by Hell's Angels and police to motocross riders who take bikes into the air and onto the dirt. (1 hour version.) 10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - #57 At ease, Private! R. Lee Ermey is your commanding officer in this weekly series that answers viewers' questions about military methods and technology with practical demonstrations by military experts. Viewers go on the frontlines, to foreign lands, and into basic training as Lee demonstrates the hows and whys behind weaponry, military hardware, vehicles, and jargon. It's a glimpse of military life and history that civilians rarely see. 10:30-11pm -- Command Decisions - Battle of Cambrai In 1917, Germany's Hindenburg Line, fortified by deep trenches and barbed wire, is considered unbreakable. British General Sir Julian Byng develops a strategy to storm the barricade with a barrage of tanks. It's risky--tanks are new technology with a poor performance record. But the charge is a success and breaks the German stranglehold on WWI's Western Front. Part documentary, part interactive game, viewers join Byng and General Georg von der Marwitz on the battlefield at Cambrai in Northern France. ____________________________________________________ Monday, August 9, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Cannons Cannons have fired balls of iron and atomic bombs, changed the way wars are fought, and now come equipped with smart weapons. Beginning with 13th-century cannons that were designed to penetrate forts of the day, we'll see how cannons were first cast and later forged, and show how large cannons terrorized civilians and soldiers in WWI and WWII. Moving to the present, we feature the 40-ton self-propelled Crusader that launches 100-pound steel artillery shells more than 33 miles. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Crop Circle Controversy The puzzling formations known as crop circles have appeared worldwide throughout history. In the Middle Ages, they were called "witch" or "pixie" circles, and a 1678 woodcut, the "Mowing Devil", depicts one thought to be Satan's work. But in the 1980s, the phenomenon escalated, with dozens of crop circles popping up in England and other countries. 9-10pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Death by Human Torpedo During WWII's final stages, the U.S. established what it believed was safe anchorage in a Western Pacific lagoon called Ulithi Atoll. But on the morning of November 20, 1944, an explosive attack by one of Japan's new secret weapons sent a refueling ship, the USS Mississinewa, to the bottom of the lagoon along with 53 sailors. By 2001, nearly every major U.S. WWII shipwreck had been found except for the Mississinewa. This is the story of the efforts to locate the last mystery shipwreck of WWII. 10-11pm -- Investigating History - Napoleon's Mass Grave In March 2002, in Vilnius, Lithuania, construction workers uncovered a mass grave filled with close to 2,000 skeletons. Scientists determined that the remains belonged to the last remnants of Napoleon's Grand Army retreating from Moscow in 1812. The find offers new insight into Napoleon's invasion of Russia, the largest military disaster ever recorded. Follow scientists as they seek to learn who these people were and how they died. Was it a massacre, an epidemic, or the result of brutal cold? ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, August 10, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Torture Devices For more than 3,000 years, emperors and generals, dictators and police, criminals, clerics, and even medical doctors have created and used a vast array of torture devices--everything from the ancient Greeks' Brazen Bull, which slowly barbecued the victim, to the elaborate mechanical apparatuses of the Spanish Inquisition. A medical doctor who specializes in victims of torture reveals how the human body responds to their use--from the earliest devices to the more modern. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Dangerous Cargo Toxic traffic is everywhere! An average of 800,000 shipments of hazardous materials hit our highways and railways daily. From Wild West wooden crates filled with explosives to HAZMAT containers of nuclear waste, we shadow dangerous cargo. We ride shotgun on a hazardous material shipment that's tracked by satellites; hunt down the hush-hush "ghost fleet"--trucks carrying classified government materials; and board a Con-Air flight moving another kind of nasty stuff--dangerous felons! 9-9:30pm -- Tech Effect - Hollywood Bank Shootout On February 28, 1997, two heavily armed men attempted to rob a Bank of America branch in North Hollywood, California. Police officers on routine patrol disrupted the carefully plotted plan when they spotted the suspicious men entering the bank and heard gunshots. 9:30-10pm -- Mail Call - French Musketeer Gear/Hellcat and Zero/U.S. Army's High Altitude Rescue Team/XR-8 Syncopter: #56 R. Lee Ermy does some fancy footwork, fencing his way through the gear of the French Musketeer's. Next, the Gunny sizes up two of the greatest fighter planes of World War II--the U.S. F6F Hellcat and the Japanese A6M Zero. 10-11pm -- Wild West Tech - Western Towns Out of hundreds of western towns, a handful survived through technological ingenuity to become icons of the Old West. We discuss why certain areas were chosen for settlement, how the towns sprang up, their construction, water supplies, sanitation, and protection against Indian attack. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, August 11, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Forts Fortification evolved along with man's need to defend his territory from attack. From hills surrounded by fences to walled cities to impenetrable castles, these strongholds of the past echo the history of battles for territorial control. Join us as we learn how, as weaponry grew in sophistication, those walls came tumbling down. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Liberty Ships of WWII Focusing on a brief but glorious period of American ingenuity, we'll study shipbuilders' response to the demands of WWII. Combining rare National Archive footage with photography shot on vintage ships, we'll see how industrialists transformed the nation's shipyards into mass production facilities in a matter of months. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Oil Fire Fighting When a burning gusher shoots flames into the air, only a handful of men know how to snuff out the monster. Fighting fire with fire, they place explosives around the flames to blow it out, or douse it with tons of water. The modern world depends on these risk takers, but their industry began less than 100 years ago. Join us for a scorching hour as we review the rich history of this "breed apart", and look at modern heat-resistant clothing, new technology, and regulations that protect oil firefighters. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Oil Tankers The biggest moving objects ever built by man, oil tankers dominate the world's waterways, both in size and numbers. Upwards of 10,000 strong, the world tanker fleet's vast number results from the modern, insatiable thirst for oil. We'll dig into the history of oil transport--from Civil War days to the critical WWII years and invention of the supertanker in the 1950s. And we examine the financial impact of modifying these steel leviathans to prevent future catastrophic environmental disasters. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, August 12, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Train Wrecks Throughout railroad history, disasters lay at the heart of progress, since expansion and profit proved the main goals of management. In 1875 alone, an average of 22 train accidents happened daily; in 1890, over 6,000 people were killed. We'll examine how safety, once a secondary consideration, became a primary goal. 8-10pm -- Time Machine - Godfathers A 2-hour panoramic and global overview of the phenomenon known as Cosa Nostra--from the mass immigration of Italians to the U.S. at the end of the 19th century up to the arrests in 2000 on the New York Stock Exchange, where the Mafia was laundering money. What becomes evident in a chain of stories depicting the most renowned "godfathers" is their uncanny ability to act as political representatives of an illegal state within the legal state and to exploit major cycles and crises throughout history. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Bullets From "safe" bullets that stop hijackers but leave aircraft unscathed to bullets that chain-saw through steel and "smart" bullets computer-programmed to hit a target, this explosive hour examines the evolution of bullets from origin in the 1300s--stones and round lead balls shot from iron and bamboo tubes. Lead balls ruled until 1841 when a conical-shaped bullet changed ammo forever. We learn how to construct a modern cartridge, and at pistol and rifle ranges view demonstrations of modern firepower. ____________________________________________________ Friday, August 13, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Apollo 13 The Apollo 13 mission was intended to be a "routine" trip to the moon. But when an oxygen tank exploded, the spacecraft was crippled and its 3-man crew placed in mortal danger. The Lunar Module, intended for deployment on the moon's surface, instead became a "lifeboat". Scientists and engineers on earth fought a race against time to save the crew. We'll examine the mission, which nearly ended in tragedy, but instead was a resounding success, and in some ways became NASA's finest hour. 8-9pm -- Snipers - One Shot--One Kill Statistics prove it's damned hard to kill an enemy soldier on the battlefield. That's why the U.S. Marine Corps urges its best marksmen to become snipers--human machines, inhuman patience and precision. 9-9:30pm -- Decisive Battles - Thermopylae Using cutting-edge computer gaming technology, we recreate conflicts that shaped the ancient world and witness great battles like never before. Hosted on location by Ben Browder, we return to Thermopylae in 480 BC, where 300 Spartans occupied a mountain pass and held off the colossal army sent by the Persians to avenge their defeat at Marathon. The Greeks held the pass for over a week in one of history's greatest displays of military heroism--and died to the last man rather than surrender. 9:30-10pm -- Command Decisions - Battle of Stalingrad The fate of a nation hangs in balance when Germany invades the Soviet Union in 1942. Nazi armies sweep through, overtaking its citizens and troops. But at Stalingrad, the Germans, commanded by General Friedrich von Paulus, face a fierce and determined resistance, led by General Vasily Chuikov. Soldiers on both sides battle brutal weather, starvation, and sniper fire. Part documentary, part interactive game, viewers join von Paulus and Chuikov as the battle boils down to bloody street fighting. 10-11pm -- Snipers - World's Deadliest Snipers Among the world's best, the British Royal Marines build on their noble traditions and the lessons of history to hone the skills of snipers and place them in a proud global lineage. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, August 14, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Wild West Tech - Execution Tech Journey back to the days when justice was swifter than a saloon girl on a Saturday night and examine the horrors of human design that brought terror to the Old West. 8-9pm -- The Bible Code: Predicting Armageddon - The Bible Code: Predicting Armageddon Is there a prophetic, highly accurate code locked within the Bible that outlines past and future events? 9-10pm -- Bible Code II: Apocalypse and Beyond - As we delve further into the provocative theory that a code exists in the Bible outlining past and future events, we learn how the code works from supporters and examine supposed examples of precise messages. 10-12am -- Nostradamus: 500 Years Later - Nostradamus: 500 Years Later The life story of Nostradamus unfolds in medieval Europe at the time of the Great Plague and The Inquisition. He lived in an age of superstition and magic and believed that he could foretell the future. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, August 15, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Investigating History - Investigating History: D-Day: The Secret Massacre A cogent look at the massacre of U.S. paratroopers and French civilians on D-Day. 8-10pm -- Movies in Time - Ike: Countdown to D-Day (Movie) Tom Selleck plays General Dwight D. "Ike" Eisenhower in this sweeping story of the tense days leading up to the Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe in WWII. Ike confronts seemingly insurmountable problems--not enough landing craft, tanks may get stuck on the beaches, paratroopers may be massacred in the sky, and weather threatens to doom the operation. Ike must make tough decisions--and accept the blame if the invasion fails! With Timothy Bottoms as "Beetle Smith. (2004) 10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - #58 At ease, Private! R. Lee Ermey is your commanding officer in this weekly series that answers viewers' questions about military methods and technology with practical demonstrations by military experts. Viewers go on the frontlines, to foreign lands, and into basic training as Lee demonstrates the hows and whys behind weaponry, military hardware, vehicles, and jargon. It's a glimpse of military life and history that civilians rarely see. 10:30-11pm -- Command Decisions - Battle of Stalingrad The fate of a nation hangs in balance when Germany invades the Soviet Union in 1942. Nazi armies sweep through, overtaking its citizens and troops. But at Stalingrad, the Germans, commanded by General Friedrich von Paulus, face a fierce and determined resistance, led by General Vasily Chuikov. Soldiers on both sides battle brutal weather, starvation, and sniper fire. Part documentary, part interactive game, viewers join von Paulus and Chuikov as the battle boils down to bloody street fighting. ____________________________________________________ Monday, August 16, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Parachutes The idea of floating to earth from great heights dates back centuries, and from the beginning parachutes combined entertainment with life-saving utility. The parachute has also played a vital role in modern warfare since WWI. We'll see how parachute technology has made the world safer, and more fun! 8-9pm -- Secrets of the Aegean Apocalypse - Around 1,200 BC, an ancient Armageddon destroyed nearly every known civilization. What could have caused it? The theories are many, but most now include one mysterious and massively destructive factor--a force only the Egyptians survived to name: The Sea People. Who were these warriors and how could they take down the world's greatest powers in a span of just 50 years? Scale the dizzying heights of Crete's mountain fortress with archaeologist Krzysztof Nowicki as he searches for clues. 9-10pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - U-Boats in the Gulf! In Summer 1942, with the U.S. at war in Europe and the Pacific, few Americans knew that the war raged in their own backyard. Dozens of Hitler's U-boats had penetrated the Gulf of Mexico, sinking merchant vessels and oil tankers. Of all the U-boats that attacked the Gulf, only one rests at the bottom of the sea--the U-166. Experience the excitement of the first thorough investigation into the wreckage since discovery in 2001 and learn of the technological advances that made its identification possible. 10-11pm -- Investigating History - Wyatt Earp at the O.K. Corral Virtually unknown to history before Hollywood crafted his saga in the 1930s, Wyatt Earp was an itinerant gambler, convicted horse thief and pimp, sometime saloonkeeper, and occasional lawman. We investigate this last incarnation and the shootout with the Clanton gang in Tombstone's O.K. Corral. Did Earp hide behind his tarnished badge to settle personal scores? Using court records of the gunfight investigation, we cut through the lingering gunsmoke to recreate the reality of the bloody gunfight. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, August 17, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Time Machine - Oracle of Delphi Secrets Revealed Myth and science meet at Delphi, where the ancient Greeks said the oracle (always a woman), in a trance and often a frenzy, spoke on behalf of the gods. Scholarship rejected the claim that vapors rising from the temple's floor inspired the oracle. But now, a wealth of evidence compiled by a geologist, archaeologist, chemist, and toxicologist suggests the ancients were right, and the discovery of two faults intersecting below the temple indicate the geology could have released intoxicating fumes. 8-9pm -- Ancient Monster Hunters - One-breasted female warriors; the one-eyed, man-eating Cyclops; the ferocious griffin, part bird, part lion. Were these creatures, celebrated by the ancient Greeks and immortalized by Homer, something more than myth?Join the hunt with some of today's leading paleontologists as we explore newly-translated evidence and examine remains that may link the Greek classical age with earth's prehistoric past. New data suggests that the ancients searched for, excavated, measured, and displayed massive fossils. 9-9:30pm -- Tech Effect - Transcontinental Railroad Promontory, Utah, May 10, 1869. The Union and Central Pacific railroads are at last joined by a golden spike, which in turns connects the entire U.S. A journey that once took months, now takes weeks. Thus begins an industrial revolution and a revolutionary new way of life for Americans. We take a look at the technological innovations needed to complete the massive task, and how the telegraph spread the news almost instantly, and stereographic pictures captured the life-altering event. 9:30-10pm -- Mail Call - Marine Corps Marksmanship/The BAT/Maritime Safety & Security Teams: #57 Marine Corps marksman, sharpshooter, expert? What's the difference? R. Lee Ermey aims to find out the difference, and handles some of the Corps' heralded Vietnam snipers' gear. Next, the Gunny reviews WWII coast artillery and examines one of WWII's most sophisticated missiles, the BAT. Finally, R. Lee checks out the Coast Guard's latest approach to the War on Terror, the Maritime Safety and Security Teams, and looks back at the first plane to cross the Atlantic, the Navy NC-4 flying boat. 10-11pm -- Wild West Tech - Brothel Tech As prospectors and frontiersmen moved west, debauchery followed--and women trekked across the frontier to serve these sex-starved men. We examine the technology used by prostitutes to protect themselves from violence and disease, prevent pregnancy, and occasionally please themselves! Host Keith Carradine takes us back to the 19th century to see how condoms were made, how steam-powered vibrators operated, and how brothel architecture allowed for easy access--and escape! ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, August 18, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - International Airports II In this history of international airports, we focus on several airports to illustrate the developments and technology of their construction and operation, beginning with Miami's Dinner Key and including New York City's LaGuardia and JFK, London's Gatwick, Dulles near Washington, D.C., Los Angeles' LAX, Denver International, Japan's Kansai, and Korea's new Inchon. It all began on a farmer's field near a flat beach--the next step may see them expand into interplanetary platforms! 8-9pm -- Secrets of the Acropolis - With a thrilling combination of dramatic reconstructions and 3-D animation, we step back in time to the Golden Age of Greece and the birth of democracy, to an era of unparalleled human creativity that produced the magnificent architecture on the Acropolis. Powerfully evoking the pagan rituals that made the Acropolis the heart of Athenian life, we explore all four key buildings: the Propylaia, the Erectheion, Athena Nike, and the Parthenon--the most influential building in Western civilization. 9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - The Colosseum Nothing symbolizes the Roman Empire at its height or Rome in magnificent ruins more than the Colosseum. Built in 70 AD, it seated 80,000 people, boasted a retractable roof, underground staging devices, marble seating, and lavish decorations. It still serves as the prototype for the modern stadium. The complexity of its construction, the beauty of its architecture, and the functionality of its design made it the perfect place for massive crowds to congregate for the bloody spectacles it contained. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Athens Subway Under the bustling metropolis of Athens, an engineering project is transforming the city--a new underground Metro system to meet the needs of its modern inhabitants. But to dig stations and tunnels in the heart of one of the world's oldest sites of continuous habitation, engineers had to accomodate the largest archaeological excavations conducted to date in Athens. Thousands of artifacts were found, spanning more than 25 centuries. We explore the difficult balance between progress and preservation. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, August 19, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Booby Traps All it takes to set off a booby trap is an unsuspecting victim lifting, moving, or disturbing a harmless-looking object. Booby traps continue to worry law enforcement; made from easily acquired items, information detailing their construction and needed materials are accessible through the mail--anonymously! And unlike a land mine, they can be anywhere. We detail the history of booby traps--from the ancient Egyptians, Chinese, Greek, and Romans to the Middle Eastern crisis and the War on Terrorism. 8-9pm -- Ancient Olympics: Let the Games Begin - Set in 448 BC, we recreate the main events of a single, 5-day Olympiad. Dramatic reenactment, computer graphics, and expert commentary bring these events to life. The athletes "starring" in our games are real--their lives recorded in history. We meet the competitors at their training camp, then see them in action. The events covered include chariot racing, running, jumping, discus, and javelin, and two man-to-man combat finals--boxing and "pankration", a form of extreme fighting. 9-10pm -- Time Machine - Revenge! After the murder of 11 Israeli athletes by Palestinian terrorists at the 1972 Munich Olympics, Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir and her cabinet decided they'd had enough. In a precedent-shattering move, she directed the Israeli secret service to carry out covert assassinations of those Palestinians directly or indirectly responsible for the attack. This is the story of how the Mossad tracked down the leaders of the terror group Black September over the next 8 years with deadly success. ____________________________________________________ Friday, August 20, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Machu Picchu The engineering marvel Machu Picchu sits perched on a ridge in the Peruvian Andes. Originally built by the Incas, this magnificent structure remains a mystery. Was it an observatory? Pleasure retreat? Fortress? This program presents the most current theories. 8-9pm -- Dead Men's Secrets - The Mysterious Death of Admiral Yamamoto On April 18, 1943, the aircraft carrying Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto was shot down by U.S. fighters. Yamamoto--chief architect of the attack on Pearl Harbor--was visiting the forward Japanese bases at Bougainville, some 650 miles from the nearest U.S. base. His clash with U.S. fighters so far from their territory was more than simple bad luck--the pilots must have known where and when to find their target. We talk to the U.S. pilots and find out why the mission had to remain secret until war's end. 9-9:30pm -- Decisive Battles - Spartacus and the Slave Revolt Spartacus is one of the Ancient World's most famous figures. A Thracian soldier, Spartacus was captured by Romans and sold as a slave for training as a gladiator. With 70 other gladiators, he escaped and hid on Mount Vesuvius in 71 BC, where he raised an army of rebel slaves and defeated two Roman legions. But Roman vengeance was soon delivered by Crassus, who put an end to Spartacus's desperate bid for freedom and crucified over 6,000 men along the Via Appia as warning to other slaves. 9:30-10pm -- Command Decisions - Battle of Waterloo Liberated from exile, in 1815, Napoleon raises an army and attacks Belgium, headed towards Brussels. A master of the "divide and conquer" strategy, Napoleon plans to attack a vital communication point between the English and Prussian armies. At the height of a difficult battle, the Duke of Wellington orders his secret cavalry and infantry to charge down from a ridge and destroy Napoleon's offense. Part documentary, part interactive game, viewers join Wellington and Napoleon on the battlefield. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - The M-16 The most powerful assault rifle ever used in combat, the M-16 became the symbol of our lost war--Vietnam--and can easily be called America's most unloved gun. Yet, 30 years after its introduction, it stands as a potent icon of U.S. military strength worldwide. We'll explain how it almost ended up on the scrap heap! ____________________________________________________ Saturday, August 21, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Wild West Tech - Military Tech Featuring expert demonstrations, we focus on technologies used by the U.S. military after the Civil War in the western frontier, and show how some of the greatest advancements laid the groundwork for America's high-tech future. We spotlight such stories as the Wagon Box Fight in 1867, when 26 soldiers and six civilians fought off 800 mounted Sioux warriors using the new Springfield-Allin breechloading rifle, and Pancho Villa's raid, which ushered in the era of motorized vehicles into the U.S. military. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, August 22, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Investigating History - The Holy Grail Rennes le Chateau is a small village in the Pyrenees of Southern France. It's a quiet place until tourists arrive hunting its secrets. According to legend, the Knights Templar brought the Holy Grail here for safekeeping. Those who come on pilgrimage think the Grail is very different than history records. Was it proof of marriage between Jesus and Mary Magdalene? Did it verify their bloodline survived? Permission has been granted to dig in Rennes le Chateau...and history or legend is about to change. 8-9pm -- D-Day to Berlin - The Battle for France In 1944, Europe's future hung in the balance. Our 3-part series follows the story of Allied forces--from Normandy to the assault on Germany--and the victories that led to WWII's end in 1945. We begin on the day after D-Day, unfolding over the summer of 1944 as the initial narrow sliver of French coastline gained by the Allies is slowly extended. By the end of August, Allied victory seemed assured. Rommel had been wounded, Hitler was directing the battle, and the German army was in full retreat. 9-10pm -- D-Day to Berlin - The Struggle toward Germany Hitler's armies were in headlong retreat. Paris was liberated in August 1944, Brussels in the first week of September. Only one thing stood between the Allies and the German border--the Allied generals themselves. In Part 2, we see how the most basic debate remained unsolved--how to conquer Germany itself. Personality differences and radical disagreements over strategy threatened to create a rift between Eisenhower and Montgomery, and burst the alliance wide open. 10-11pm -- D-Day to Berlin - Last Days of the Reich Hitler's last great offensive in the Ardennes failed. With British and U.S. armies poised to cross the Rhine in the west, and Soviet forces advancing towards the River Oder in the east, only one offer was on the table for Germany--unconditional surrender. The Allies would not negotiate with a country that had plunged Europe into war twice in 30 years. When the unconditional surrender came, it did give birth to a new European order--but one dominated by Stalin, not democracy and freedom. ____________________________________________________ Monday, August 23, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Spy Technology Espionage has been used for at least the last 4,000 years. And where there are spies, you find gadgets! We focus on the last 100 years of cloak and dagger technology--from early code-breaking computers to satellite reconnaissance--and take a look at the James Bond-type gadgets of the Cold War. 8-10pm -- Targeted - Osama bin Laden Featuring former and current CIA agents, Special Forces soldiers, Washington insiders, and best-selling authors such as Mark Bowden ("Black Hawk Down"), Steve Coll ("Ghost Wars"), Phillip Smucker ("Al Qaeda's Great Escape"), and Simon Reeve ("The New Jackals"), we take a 2-hour groundbreaking look at the hunt for the world's #1 archenemy. Filmed in 10 countries around the world, we trace Bin Laden's rise through the Jihad against the Soviets in Afghanistan to his present incarnation. 10-12am -- The True Story of Killing Pablo - An exploration of the criminal life of Pablo Escobar that culminated in the largest manhunt in history and the controversial 1993 killing of Escobar on a rooftop in Medellin, Colombia. Based on his book "Killing Pablo: The Hunt for the World's Greatest Outlaw", author Mark Bowden anchors the program, guiding us through pivotal moments of Escobar's life and sharing startling revelations he uncovered during the research for his book. Features interviews with key officials of Colombia and the U.S. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, August 24, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Guns of the Civil War It was a war in which brother fought brother and battlefields became slaughterhouses. During the Civil War, the country was in the midst of an industrial revolution and developed the most destructive killing machines the world had ever seen. Join us for a test fire of Civil War guns--the first truly modern weapons. 8-9:30pm -- Inside North Korea - When North Korea admitted to the world that it had restarted its nuclear weapons program, a spotlight shone on a country that for 50 years has been shielded from the eyes of the Western world. Using current events as the jumping off point and the words and experiences of North Korean defectors, we tell the history of the world's most secretive country. Starting with its creation in the aftermath of WWII, we focus on the only two leaders in North Korean history--Kim Il-sung and his son Kim Jong-il. 9:30-10:30pm -- The Real Dr. Evil - North Korean President Kim Jong-il, widely regarded as the world's most dangerous man, was dubbed "Dr. Evil" by "Newsweek" magazine in January 2003. As well as being on the U.S. "Axis of Evil" shortlist, it is thought that Kim Jong-il's regime may have nuclear material it is willing to sell. We track down some of the people who have met Kim Jong-il to uncover how this lazy student, frustrated artist, and dandy became one of the world's most powerful leaders. 10:30-11pm -- Reign of Terror - It's been called one of the most evil institutions of the 20th century. Operating under the code name S-21, Pol Pot's secret prison was an interrogation, torture, and execution center used to exterminate suspected traitors of Cambodia's Khmer Rouge. From 1976 to 1979, thousands entered its gates--only seven escaped alive. While focusing on the prison, we see how Pol Pot's campaign of forced labor, starvation, and murder left 1.7 million Cambodians dead. ____________________________________________________ Wednesday, August 25, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - D-Day Tech By the spring of 1942, Hitler had made a fortress of Europe, and the Allies began to plan the biggest invasion in military history. The history-altering success of the D-Day Invasion depended on innovative engineering and technological advances. This is the story of those scientific and mechanical breakthroughs--the overwhelming array of landing craft, specialized weapons, and ingenious electronics--used to breach Fortress Europe on June 6, 1944. 8-9pm -- Tyrants on Trial - How will Saddam Hussein be prosecuted? Who will get the opportunity to decide his fate? Does Saddam have any options? We take a look back in history, from ancient times to the present, at what the world had done with deposed tyrants. Some were executed, some jailed for life, and others exiled. As you will see, the history of deposed dictators has been at times violent, bizarre, and certainly checkered. And we sit down with Saddam's lawyer for a peek into the surprising defense strategy. 9-10pm -- Saddam Hussein: Butcher of Baghdad - Saddam Hussein: Butcher of Baghdad Profile of the former Iraqi leader. Focuses on his bloody rise to power and includes an interview with the man who "doubled" for Saddam's brutal son and defected. Includes a look at the 2003 Iraqi War and the hunt for and ultimate capture of Saddam. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Extreme Aircraft Join us for a supersonic look at some of the most cutting-edge aircraft ever developed--from the X-1 that first broke the sound barrier to the X-43 Scramjet that recently flew at Mach 7. These extreme aircraft have made their mark on aernautical history, and sometimes on political history as well. The U-2 and SR-71 spy planes played a crucial role in the Cold War, and now Lockheed Martin's top-secret "Skunkworks" division is touting the new "air dominance" fighter plane-- the F/A-22 Raptor. ____________________________________________________ Thursday, August 26, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Machine Tools Machine tools, power-driven machines of all shapes and sizes, are used to make metal parts and have built our modern world. Life today would not be possible without them. Beginning with the story of the steam engine and traveling forward to modern-day "machining centers" that are used to make incredibly complex space shuttle parts, we'll examine the basic types of machine tools and their development. We'll also look at machine tools of the future that will change the way products are made. 8-9pm -- Barbarians - Vikings Nordic peoples from the coasts of Scandinavia, these raiders and warriors were also explorers and merchants, whose slender ships carried them from Arabia to the New World--hundreds of years before Columbus set sail. After savage infighting among their own clans spurred development of the longship, the Vikings struck out across the seas, seeking plunder, slaves, and new lands. But in the end, they assimilated into European cultures and became agents of social and political change. 9-10pm -- Barbarians - Goths Terrorized by the Huns savage raids, the Goths made a desperate bid for safety in the Roman Empire, but were forced into squalid concentration camps along the imperial borders, starved and degraded, their children sold as slaves. But Rome made a big mistake--the Goths kept their weapons and exploded in rioting and looting. After centuries of broken treaties, King Aleric sacked Rome. Ironically, the Goths maintained Roman art and culture in their new Goth kingdoms as the Empire faded away. 10-11pm -- Barbarians - Huns The Huns were a mysterious people who fell upon the European continent like the vengeance of God. Some say the Chinese built the Great Wall to keep them out. In the 5th century, the Huns struck a divided and decaying Roman Empire. The Romans tried to deal with them diplomatically, even allowing children of Roman nobility to live as guests (hostages) in Hun camps. One of these, Aetius, would become one of Rome's greatest generals, and it was he who would face one of the Huns' greatest rulers--Atilla. ____________________________________________________ Friday, August 27, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Castles & Dungeons Some of the most imposing structures ever built, medieval castles withstood both bloody assaults and the test of time. Designed like machines with nearly every architectural detail devoted to defense, castles represented the perfect fusion of form and function. Journey back to that unruly era as we examine the complexity of their construction and the multipurposes they served--homes to kings and nobles, economic centers, courthouses, treasuries, prisons, and torture chambers. 8-9pm -- Hitler and Stalin: Roots of Evil - An examination of the minds of two of the 20th century's most brutal dictators and mass murderers--Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin. Based on recent psychological and medical studies, the program explores the personalities of these ruthless leaders, who were directly responsible for millions of deaths--their paranoia, suspiciousness, cold-bloodedness, sadism, and lack of human feeling. Includes interviews with Martin Bormann's son and Hitler's butler. 9-9:30pm -- Decisive Battles - Chalons Chalons, 451 AD. What made this battle so compelling? Attila the Hun, the terrifying menace who had his eyes set on what was left of the Western Roman Empire. By this time, huge chunks of the Roman Empire operated under the autonomous control of various barbarian kings and no unity remained. Rome needed one more hero, and Flavius Aetuis--the Last of the Romans--was to be that man. He worked tirelessly and fought tigerishly to drive Attila away and preserve the West from Hunnic ravages. 9:30-10pm -- Command Decisions - Battle of Saratoga In 1777, British Major General John Burgoyne came up with devious plan. Isolate New York, split the colonies, and divide the Revolution. After recruiting German mercenaries and American Indians, he marched on Albany. But rebels led by General Horatio Gates blocked the road by felling trees, while sharpshooters attacked British troops. Part documentary, part interactive game, viewers join Burgoyne and Gates in a battle that ultimately kept the Hudson free and convinced France to aid the rebels. 10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Bunkers From the earliest bunkers of WWI through the ultra-futuristic ones of tomorrow's wars, we trace the story of defensive fortifications. In the constant struggle to hold off ever more potent forms of attack, bunkers function in a variety of forms. Three mammoth block structures comprise a submarine bunker at Lorient, France, able to house 20 subs. We visit Churchill's Cabinet War Room and Hitler's Berlin bunker, as well as backyard Cold War bunkers and those that protect nuclear weapons themselves. ____________________________________________________ Saturday, August 28, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Wild West Tech - Hunting Tech The Wild West was a vast and bountiful frontier, filled with animals, fur … and opportunity. The men who kept up with the latest advances in technology had a big advantage as they tried to tame the West. Whether it was a change in beaver trap production, a new method of making skinning knives, or increases in the power and accuracy of buffalo rifles, the tools of the hunter shaped the story of the West. On WILD WEST TECH: HUNTING TECH, we look at the evolution of hunting tools and weapons, and how advances in technology made the unthinkable -- the near-extinction of the bison -- a reality. 10-12am -- Wake Island: The Alamo of the Pacific - Wake Island: The Alamo of the Pacific It's a story of survival on a desert island--and it helped change the course of WWII! Within hours of the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, about 1,600 U.S. marines and civilians found themselves under surprise attack from Japan on a tiny Pacific Island. In a 2-hour special, we take six survivors of the siege of Wake Island back to the scene of their heroic stand. They retrace those horrific days in which they suffered eventual capture, beatings, and imprisonment--yet survived to tell their stories. ____________________________________________________ Sunday, August 29, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Investigating History - Investigating History: Lincoln: Man or Myth? Abraham Lincoln remains our country's most beloved president--but nearly 200 years after his birth, we're still trying to piece together a true picture of this man who never fails to fascinate, surprise, and enlighten us. Scholars and historians examine how Lincoln became a myth. Was he really the Great Emancipator who deeply wanted to free slaves or a racist and white supremacist? Did the writings that inspired a nation truly come from his pen? Do we really even know what he looked like? 8-9:30pm -- The Duel with Richard Dreyfuss - In a 90-minute special, Academy Award-winning actor Richard Dreyfuss ponders the 1804 duel between Vice President Aaron Burr and former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton. Novelist Gore Vidal, biographer Ron Chernow, journalist Rick Brookhiser, and historian Joanne Freeman join Dreyfuss to lay bare the personal and political rivalry, while questioning the conventional story. And at a Manhattan eatery, the experts duel with each other over the events that led to Hamilton's death. 9:30-10pm -- Tales of the Gun - Guns of Infamy Review guns that changed history as we examine the firearms used to assassinate Presidents Kennedy, McKinley, Garfield, and Lincoln, and the gun that triggered WWI when it was used to kill Archduke Ferdinand. We'll also look at candidates for the gun that fired the "shot heard 'round the world" in the American Revolution. 10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - #59 At ease, Private! R. Lee Ermey is your commanding officer in this weekly series that answers viewers' questions about military methods and technology with practical demonstrations by military experts. Viewers go on the frontlines, to foreign lands, and into basic training as Lee demonstrates the hows and whys behind weaponry, military hardware, vehicles, and jargon. It's a glimpse of military life and history that civilians rarely see. 10:30-11pm -- Command Decisions - Battle of Saratoga In 1777, British Major General John Burgoyne came up with devious plan. Isolate New York, split the colonies, and divide the Revolution. After recruiting German mercenaries and American Indians, he marched on Albany. But rebels led by General Horatio Gates blocked the road by felling trees, while sharpshooters attacked British troops. Part documentary, part interactive game, viewers join Burgoyne and Gates in a battle that ultimately kept the Hudson free and convinced France to aid the rebels. ____________________________________________________ Monday, August 30, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Bombs Bombs...the most feared and powerful weapon in any nation's arsenal. What began as incendiary devices in the 7th century has evolved into weapons that can literally blow the human race off the face of the earth! From the use of diseased carcasses flung over castle walls to Greek Fire to today's smart bombs, we review the evolution of bombs. 8-9pm -- UFO Files - Area 51: Beyond Top Secret Born during the Cold War, Area 51 in Nevada, also known as Groom Lake or Dreamland, became not only the Air Force's most strategic test site, but also a symbol of everything that was sneaky about the U.S. military-industrial-intelligence complex. In recent years, UFO investigators claimed that the top-secret planes tested there were built with technology gleaned from captured alien aircraft. We uncover the secrets of the cryptic desert facility and look into mysterious deaths of base workers. 9-10pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Time Bomb of the Deep In 2002, a series of mysterious oil spills spread alarm up and down the Northern California coastline, when a 200-mile stretch of beaches became littered with the carcasses of oiled animals. Experts soon realized they had an escalating disaster on their hands. Finally, the leak was traced to a 50-year old wreck--the SS Jacob Luckenbach, a tanker that sank in 200 feet of water. Join our divers as they explore the deteriorating tanker and learn the extreme challenges the oil-removal team faces. 10-11pm -- Investigating History - Investigating History: D-Day: The Secret Massacre A cogent look at the massacre of U.S. paratroopers and French civilians on D-Day. When members of the 507th PIR were dropped 20 miles from their objective, the village of Graignes voted to help them. Six days of fighting ensued--followed by severe Nazi retaliation. The heroic collaboration of paratroopers and French civilians delayed the SS and aided one of D-Day's most crucial victories. 40 years later, 507th veterans return to France to honor 11 citizens with the Distinguished Civilian Service Award. ____________________________________________________ Tuesday, August 31, 2004 ____________________________________________________ 7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - FBI's Crime Lab To spearhead its fight against crime and terrorism in the 21st century, the FBI is relying on its $150 million-plus building, the new Crime Lab at Quantico. Here, nearly 700 highly trained scientists and technicians utilize cutting-edge forensic technology to unearth identities of perpetrators. We review the lab's history, from humble start in a lounge in 1932 to today's state-of-the-art complex, and see how 9/11 and the FBI's new mandate to fight international terrorism changed the lab forever. 8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 7 Four engineering disasters are about to reveal their darkest secrets. They include a dam that suddenly gave way, spilling liquid havoc in a quiet neighborhood (Baldwin Hills Dam in LA); a mysterious plane crash that killed all aboard (Lockheed Electra); a massive freighter's shuddering crash into a bridge (Sunshine Skyway in Tampa Bay); and an earthquake that took down poorly engineered buildings and stole lives (1994 Northridge, California). Engineers and architects investigate what went wrong. 9:30-10pm -- Mail Call - Silencers/Flashbang Grenade/WWII Japanese Gear/HITRON Teams: #58 The show opens with a "whisper" while the Gunny discovers why the military uses silencers in a live-fire demonstration, and he learns why silence isn't always golden in a demo of the flashbang grenade. Next, R. Lee Ermey checks out the weapons and gear of Japanese soldiers in WWII's Pacific Theater. And in Jacksonville, Florida, Lee catches up with the tough new Coast Guard HITRON teams, and profiles one of the military's premier heavy-lifting helos, the CH-54 Skycrane. 10-11pm -- Wild West Tech - Native American Tech Explore the might and power of the Native American tribes that once populated the Wild West with host Keith Carradine. We examine their weaponry--tomahawk, lance, slingshot, bow and arrow, and club--and how they cleverly adapted modern weaponry to their own use. You'll learn about their battle strategies as we introduce their most famous leaders, including Geronimo, Crazy Horse, Red Cloud, and Sitting Bull. And we demonstrate various medicinal and surgical procedures that they used on wounded warriors. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~For more on UFOs, check out the interview on MonsterVision's Mars Attacks page
Watch Mail Call every week if you know what's good for you, scumbag,
hosted by R. Lee Ermey of Full Metal Jacket
(movie available on video and DVD)
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