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The History Channel

Primetime Programming Schedule

Listings For April 2004

Tactical to Practical NOTE: We are listing both EST/Pacific Time and individual television ratings. All rated [G] or [PG] unless noted. [NR] = Not Rated, news-related program.

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History Channel Primetime Listings, April 2004

Thursday, April 1, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Maginot Line
The Maginot Line, a defensive string of forts
with enfilading firepower, was built by France
between WWI and WWII. Conceived by Minister of
War Andre Maginot, it was meant to forestall
another German invasion until troops could
arrive. But the French began to think of the line
as a substitute for manpower. When Belgium
declared neutrality and exposed France's flank,
Germany was able to sidestep the line. We'll
visit the "impregnable" line's forts, observation
turrets, and underground railroads.

8-9pm -- Time Machine - Blizzards: Whiteout!
When those deadly winter snowstorms hit, they cut
off communications, deplete food and fuel
supplies, and sometimes set the stage for
anarchy! Join us for a journey through four
deadly storms: the 1888 blizzards that hit
Nebraska and New York City; and the 1967 and 1979
snowstorms that enveloped Chicago.

9-10pm -- History Alive - Snowbound: The Curse of
the Sierra
The mountains called the Sierra Nevada are among
the most picturesque in the U.S.--tourists marvel
at the snow-capped peaks while skiing at Lake
Tahoe. But the Snowy Mountains have also produced
disasters, including the 1846 Donner Party
tragedy that led to cannibalism and the 1982
avalanche that buried Anna Conrad alive for five

10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Icebreakers
They are the toughest ships in the water, plowing
headlong into 1 of nature's hardest obstacles.
Modern icebreakers can smash through 10-foot
thick ice sheets without stopping, allowing
scientists and commercial shipping access to some
of earth's most inhospitable spots. Join our
bone-chilling journey as we patrol the Great
Lakes on the USCG Cutter Makinaw and traverse the
infamous Northwest Passage on the maiden voyage
of the USCG Healy, the newest Polar Class
Icebreaker in the U.S. Fleet.


Friday, April 2, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Prisons
"All hope abandon, ye who enter here!" This
sentiment has permeated the masonry and clanging
bars of prisons built throughout the ages. We'll
see how the philosophy and architecture of
today's American prisons emerged from the sewer
cells and castles and dungeons of ancient Rome,
medieval Europe, and 18th-century England.

8-10:30pm -- Movies in Time - Escape from
Movie. The story of Frank Morris, the only man
ever to escape from Alcatraz, the notorious
Federal maximum-security prison built on an
island off San Francisco's coast and surrounded
by shark-infested waters. Clint Eastwood plays
Morris, who plots his escape with incredible
patience and ingenuity under the watchful eyes of
the haughty warden, played by Patrick McGoohan.
Fred Ward and Jack Thibeau co-star as two of
Clint's best pals in the slammer. (1979)

10:30-12am -- Time Machine - Street Gangs: A
Secret History
For nearly 400 years, street gangs have bullied
their way across the American landscape. Fueled
by immigration and the desire to live the
American dream, street gangs have evolved from
groups of petty criminals to ruthless
multi-million-dollar drug cartels. We'll see how
the need for a sense of belonging has driven many
into the open arms of gangs. (90-minute version)


Saturday, April 3, 2004

6-8pm -- Movies in Time - Jesus of Nazareth, Pt.
Movie. Jesus (Robert Powell) grows up to become a
prophet, healer, and spiritual leader, and his
teachings and miracles begin to draw large crowds
and a number of followers. When he travels to
Jerusalem, he's greeted with suspicion by the
local Jewish temple, where the rabbis view him as
a threat. With Anthony Quinn, Laurence Olivier,
and James Mason. (1977)

8-10pm -- Movies in Time - Jesus of Nazareth, Pt.
Movie. Beautiful location filming in Jordan lends
authenticity to director Franco Zeffirelli's
reverent depiction of the life of Christ.
Zeffirelli diligently provides the sociopolitical
background that gave rise to Jesus's (Robert
Powell) following and the crisis of belief that
he caused within the people of Israel. (1977)

10-12am -- Movies in Time - Jesus of Nazareth,
Pt. 4
Movie. Jesus (Robert Powell) is on the road to
Calvary, and Part 3 paints an unforgettable
picture of the Crucifixion and the Resurrection
three days later. With Anne Bancroft as Mary
Magdalene, Rod Steiger as Pontius Pilate, Peter
Ustinov as Herod the Great, Ernest Borgnine as
the Centurion, Ian McShane as Judas Iscariot, and
Stacy Keach as Barabbas. Directed by Franco
Zeffirelli. (1977)


Sunday, April 4, 2004

7-8pm -- Dead Reckoning - Blood Spatter
Blood spatter evidence first came to prominence
in the murder trial of Dr. Sam Sheppard. We see
how it has developed since 1955, and helped solve
two Washington State cases. When Kimberly Wilson
was found strangled, police went to tell her
family--and stumbled upon the bodies of her
father, mother, and sister, with blood splattered
throughout the home. And when reporters for a
Bainbridge Island paper discover blood dripping
from their ceiling, police find the body of a
brutally beaten woman.

8-9pm -- True Crime - Murder in Greenwich
Join Mark Fuhrman as he recounts the danger that
lurked beneath the pristine surface of Greenwich,
Connecticut--a danger that resulted in a crime of
passion on a cold October night in 1975. The
former LAPD detective began his own investigation
into the murder of 15-year-old Martha Moxley
after coming across a top-secret private report
on the cold case and discovered evidence that he
felt clearly implicated the now-convicted Michael

9-10pm -- True Crime - Donnie Brasco
Life in the belly of the beast known as the Mafia
is tough, violent, and unrelenting. For FBI Agent
Joe Pistone, it was a world he was destined to
confront and conquer. Posing as jewel thief
Donnie Brasco, he infiltrated the secretive and
deadly mob and lived among two of New York's most
infamous crime families--the Bonannos and the
Colombos. The former federal agent, still living
under secret identity, recounts his terrifying
and fascinating 6-year journey through the world
of organized crime.

10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - #48
At ease, Private! R. Lee Ermey is your commanding
officer in this weekly series that answers
viewers' questions about military methods and
technology with practical demonstrations by
military experts. Viewers go on the frontlines,
to foreign lands, and into basic training as Lee
demonstrates the hows and whys behind weaponry,
military hardware, vehicles, and jargon. It's a
glimpse of military life and history that
civilians rarely see.

10:30-11:30pm -- Tactical to Practical - Survival
Training/People in Space/Explosives: #9
Survival in war isn't just about dodging bullets,
but keeping alive in extreme conditions.
Explorers and adventurers also face
life-threatening situations. Hunter Ellis tests
new high-tech gadgets for your next adventure.
Once a Cold War battleground, today's space race
sees super-rich dreamers competing to launch
space tourism--with $10-million in prize money at
stake! Then, Hunter examines explosives--from the
military to avalanche control, diamond mining,
special effects, and fireworks.


Monday, April 5, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Military Movers
The challenge: Move millions of soldiers and tons
of cargo halfway around the world and into the
thick of action. How? Use the biggest ships, the
widest planes, and the strongest trucks. Today,
military planners move men and equipment further
and faster than ever. The United Sates
Transportation Command, answering to the
Department of Defense, runs military transport
like an efficient private shipping and travel
agency. From the Civil War to US Transcom, we
track the development of military logistics.

8-9pm -- True Crime - A Sniper in the Tower
For 96 minutes, on a brutally hot day in Austin
in 1966, 25-year-old Charles Whitman fired at
will from a perch 231 feet above ground,
terrorizing the University of Texas campus below.
After killing his mother and wife, Whitman hauled
a trunk full of weapons up to the 28th floor of
the university tower and shot 45 people--bringing
the death toll to 16--before police killed him.
Based on Gary M. Lavergne's riveting book, we see
how the murders spawned debates that still plague

9-10pm -- True Crime - Fire Lover
The story of John Orr--one of California's most
respected arson investigators, who became over
time, one of the state's most prolific serial
arsonists. In 2002, master crime writer Joseph
Wambaugh trained his sights on John Orr and his
terrible spree. His novel "Fire Lover" brings
home the reality of the crime and the criminal
behind it. We'll look at Orr's crimes--millions
of dollars of property damage and the deaths of
four people--and how the smallest of clues
eventually led to his capture.

10-12am -- Ku Klux Klan: A Secret History - 
Kneeling before a flaming cross, Klansmen and
women take part in their sacred bonding, showing
how secrecy and ritual aid the hooded order in a
campaign for white supremacy. From its birth in
1866's Reconstruction South to a 1996 rally, this
chronicle of hate talks to Julian Bond, Morris
Dees Jr., the Grand Dragon, and Imperial Wizard.


Tuesday, April 6, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Pyramids: Majesty and
Standing majestically for centuries, the world's
great pyramids have long inspired and mystified
scholars. Leading experts and historians explore
the engineering genius that created some of the
largest structures on the planet. From ancient
Egypt to Central America, we visit these
technological masterpieces.

8-9pm -- True Crime - Blow
Wild parties, beautiful women, and never-ending
drugs--all part of the high life enjoyed by
master drug smuggler George Jung in the 1970s.
Handsome, charismatic, and adventurous, Jung and
his partner Carlos Lehder revolutionized the
cocaine trade, making--then losing--tens of
millions of dollars along the way. Author Bruce
Porter recounts the story of the ultimate
party-boy, George Jung--from early drug-running
days to the Colombian drug cartels and the
despair of America's crack epidemic.

9-10pm -- True Crime - The Westies
Hell's Kitchen, New York City. In the mid-1970s,
one neighborhood gang raised mayhem to the level
of sheer blood sport with a specialty in
execution by dismemberment. The Westies, an
Irish-American gang led by Jimmy Coonan,
terrorized the West Side of Manhattan for 20
years--until Coonan's second in command, Mickey
Featherstone, turned state's star witness in one
of New York's biggest racketeering trials. Author
T.J. English weaves together the story of their
deadly alliance and gangland terror.

10-11pm -- Wild West Tech - Execution Tech
Journey back to the days when justice was swifter
than a saloon girl on a Saturday night and
examine the horrors of human design that brought
terror to the Old West. Sheriffs and judges,
desperate to stop the growing onslaught of
outlaws, needed grisly technologies to punish and
deter murderers, rapists, and rustlers. Join the
crowd of onlookers who gathered at the grisly
gallows to witness a man gaining infamy at one
end of the rope--and sometimes, immortality at
the other.


Wednesday, April 7, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Chesapeake Bay Bridge &
Named one of the seven engineering wonders of the
modern age, the Chesapeake Bay Bridge and Tunnel
connects Virginia proper with its easternmost
landmass. Stretching 17 miles across the historic
Chesapeake Bay, the structure represents a
man-made boundary between the Bay and the
Atlantic. The structure includes two two-lane
highways supported mostly by trestles, four
man-made and one natural island, two truss
bridges, and two revolutionary sunken tube

8-9pm -- The Guilty Men: An Historical Review - 
Three distinguished historians examine America's
fascination with the JFK assassination, and
critique the credibility of the theory that Vice
President Lyndon B. Johnson was involved in the
assassination and the way the theory was
presented in The History Channel program "The
Guilty Men."

9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Egyptian Pyramids
Constructed as tombs for the ancient pharaohs,
over 100 pyramids remain in Egypt. Built during a
span of well over 1,000 years, they stand as
cultural and engineering marvels of staggering
proportions. But many things about these
monuments, including the exact methods used to
construct them, remain tantalizingly obscure.
Travel back in time as we investigate their
evolution--from the earlier mastaba to the Step
Pyramid, Bent Pyramid, and of course, the
magnificent necropolis at Giza.

10-11pm -- Easter Week Programming - Bible Tech
Arguably the most influential book ever written,
the Bible provides a glimpse into the origins of
ancient technology and its use to withstand the
elements, build great structures, wage war, and
conserve precious water. We examine the
technological plausibility of biblical structures
and machines--including the Tower of Babylon, the
Temple of Jerusalem, ancient bronze and iron
forging, and shipbuilding skills that might have
been employed to build Noah's Ark.


Thursday, April 8, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Gasoline
Traces the history and evolution of the world's
most important fossil fuel. Without gasoline,
modern life would grind to a halt. Americans use
about 360-million gallons of gas every day. And
though most of us could not function without gas,
very few understand what it really is, how it is
made, what all those different octane numbers
really mean, and how researchers developed
cleaner burning gasoline. All these questions
will be answered as we look at the history of
this "supreme" fuel.

8-9pm -- Stories from the Hall of Fame - Golf
An exploration of the lives and career highlights
of five Hall of Fame golfers: Payne Stewart, Ben
Hogan, Seve Ballesteros, Babe Didrikson-Zaharias,
and Billy Casper. Hosted by Pro Golfer Tom Lehman
from the Golf Hall of Fame, we bring to life the
unforgettable matches, memorable plays, dramatic
upsets, and controversies. Viewers also learn
interesting facts about the Golf Hall of Fame and
the history of the institution that preserves the
sport and enshrines its greatest players.

9-10pm -- Easter Week Programming - The Trial of
Shockingly little is known, historically, about
the trial and execution of Jesus. What actions
resulted in his death? Who was responsible for
his trial and sentencing? How did his ministry
pass down through the ages? Why do most biblical
scholars insist that the gospel account can't be
true? Through literary detective work, historical
art imagery, and commentary from respected
biblical scholars, we bring First-Century Judea
to life--a land of messianic messengers in a time
of revolution.

10-11pm -- Easter Week Programming - The Real
Pontius Pilate: The Man Who Killed Christ
Posterity can be a heavy burden. In the 19th year
of Emperor Tiberius's reign, a local disturbance
occurred in Judea--an obscure province of the
Roman Empire. But for this incident, Pontius
Pilate's name might shine through history in a
positive light. Who was this biblical bogeyman?
As we strip away the mythology, a vivid portrait
emerges of a flesh-and-blood Roman faced with the
unenviable task of maintaining order by
exercising brutal pragmatics. Pilate's story
remains without rival.


Friday, April 9, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Axes, Swords and Knives
Blade implements have been a part of civilized
man's arsenal since the Paleolithic Age, when
sharp tools were chipped off of flint or
obsidian. But with the discovery of metallurgy,
people were able to forge stronger, more
versatile blade implements. We visit an
axe-throwing contest in Wisconsin for an
introduction to the least subtle of the blade
tools. Then we visit a swordsmith and an
experienced swordfighter who work in traditional
methods from ancient sources, and review the
history of knives.

8-10pm -- Easter Week Programming - Banned from
the Bible
In a 2-hour special, we scrutinize ancient
writings that didn't "make the cut" in the battle
to create a Christian Bible in the new religion's
first few centuries. Biblical archaeologists and
scholars examine why they were left out and if
others might yet be found. Beginning with the
little-known Life of Adam and Eve, we also peruse
the Book of Jubilees, the Book of Enoch, the
Gospel of Thomas, the Protevangelium of James,
the Gospel of Mary, the Gospel of Nicodemus, and
the Apocalypse of Peter.

10-11pm -- Easter Week Programming - Heaven and
From the beginning of recorded history, people
from all over the world have believed in an
afterlife. In Christianity, the powerful images
of heaven and hell--fire and brimstone, harps and
halos--have shaped Western thought for thousands
of years. What does the Bible tell us about
everlasting punishment and eternal life? Join us
on a biblical journey as we explore the origins
of heaven and hell and the symbols that represent


Saturday, April 10, 2004

7-8pm -- The Alamo - 
Myth meets history, legend meets reality, and the
roads converge in 1836 at San Antonio de Bexar
and its round, ruined mission house. Host Josh
Binswanger and our resident historian Steve
Gillon sit down with Dennis Quaid (General Sam
Houston), Billy Bob Thornton (Davy Crockett), and
Jason Patric (James Bowie), stars of the 2004
release, to discuss the historic background of
the event, their characters, and whether or not
"The Alamo" weighs in as History or Hollywood.

8-11pm -- Movies in Time - Midway
Movie. Charlton Heston, Henry Fonda, and Robert
Mitchum head an all-star cast in this epic WWII
drama depicting America's first major victory
against the Japanese in the Pacific. Near the
tiny Island of Midway, an outnumbered U.S. Navy
defeats a massive Japanese flotilla, turning the
tide of the Pacific Theater. (1976)


Sunday, April 11, 2004

7-8pm -- The Bible Code: Predicting Armageddon -
The Bible Code: Predicting Armageddon
Is there a prophetic, highly accurate code locked
within the Bible that outlines past and future
events? Does the Code contain hidden messages
about people like Napoleon, Einstein, and Hitler,
and key world events like WWII, the Kennedy
brothers' assassinations, and 9/11? More
frightening are references to future
events--including Earth's impending end. We take
a balanced look through the eyes of Code
supporters and critics and let viewers determine
its accuracy in predicting the future.

8-9pm -- Easter Week Programming - 
As we delve further into the provocative theory
that a code exists in the Bible outlining past
and future events, we learn how the code works
from supporters and examine supposed examples of
precise messages. And we hear from critics who
present compelling arguments that the code is
merely a statistical anomaly. We uncover how
military and intelligence organizations interact
with the code, and compare the code with other
sources of biblical prophecy.

9-10:25pm -- Band of Brothers - Currahee
They were ordinary men, swept up in the most
extraordinary conflict in history. With the eyes
of the world upon them, they found their greatest
source of strength in each other. From Tom Hanks
and Steven Spielberg, this is the story of Easy
Company--an elite team of U.S. paratroopers whose
WWII exploits are as incredible as they are true.
Part 1 begins on June 4, 1944, in England, as
Lts. Richard Winters (Damian Lewis) and Lewis
Nixon (Ron Livingston) reflect on the past that
led them to D-Day.

10:25-10:55pm -- Mail Call - #49
At ease, Private! R. Lee Ermey is your commanding
officer in this weekly series that answers
viewers' questions about military methods and
technology with practical demonstrations by
military experts. Viewers go on the frontlines,
to foreign lands, and into basic training as Lee
demonstrates the hows and whys behind weaponry,
military hardware, vehicles, and jargon. It's a
glimpse of military life and history that
civilians rarely see.

10:55-12am -- The Real Band of Brothers - 
True story of one of the Army's most
distinguished divisions, the 101st, which was
formed in WWI, becoming the 101st Airborne in
WWII. The 101st participated in D-Day and the
Battle of the Bulge, guarded black students in
Little Rock, and was renamed the 101st Air
Cavalry in Vietnam to mark the transition from
parachutes to helicopters.


Monday, April 12, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Nuclear Subs
The most priceless jewels in the arsenals of a
handful of countries, some nuclear submarines
carry more firepower than all the bombs dropped
in history. Since the 1950s, these lethal steel
sharks have been a cornerstone of U.S. defense
policy. The Cold War launched an underwater race
for supremacy with the Soviet Union. The result:
engineering miracles, which roam 70% of the
earth's surface, providing deterrence to enemies,
intelligence about adversaries, and an abiding
sense of dread.

8-8:30pm -- Mail Call - Fastest Army
Vehicle/Uncle Sam/Tank Destroyers/Anti-Tank
Rifle/Dive Bomber/Sea Dart: #47
R. Lee Ermey pits his trusty Jeep against the
Army's nitro-burning dragster "Sarge" at an
Arizona speedway; finds out if a real guy posed
for the original Uncle Sam recruitment poster;
reviews the evolution of Tank Destroyers;
demonstrates a Boys .55 Caliber anti-tank
"elephant gun" using a Spam tower as his target;
finds out what caused the screaming noise when
dive bombers attacked; and digs into his Fabulous
Flops File to examine the Sea Dart--America's
attempt to put a jet fighter on water skies.

8:30-9pm -- The Color of War - Into the Breach
Peter Coyote narrates a compelling journey into
WWII through the eyes of those who lived it,
completely in color! When the U.S. was propelled
into war on December 7, 1941, Europe had been
torn by war for over two years. In America, the
small professional armed forces that began the
war were quickly replaced by draftees--civilians
thrown "into the breach" after barely three
months of training. We see how these fresh-faced
conscripts became battle-hardened warriors.
(Half-hour version)

9-10:05pm -- Band of Brothers - Day of Days
Planes carrying thousands of paratroopers cross
the English Channel into French airspace, where
German flak causes the pilots to drop them in a
less than safe and organized fashion. Lt. Winters
(Damian Lewis) lands alone in a field, soon
joined by John Hall (Andrew Scott), a private
from another company. Executive producers Tom
Hanks and Steven Spielberg bring to life renowned
WWII historian Stephen Ambrose's nonfiction book
about an Army rifle company that parachuted into
France on D-Day.

10:05-11:05pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - U-Boats in
the Gulf!
In Summer 1942, with the U.S. at war in Europe
and the Pacific, few Americans knew that the war
raged in their own backyard. Dozens of Hitler's
U-boats had penetrated the Gulf of Mexico,
sinking merchant vessels and oil tankers. Of all
the U-boats that attacked the Gulf, only one
rests at the bottom of the sea--the U-166.
Experience the excitement of the first thorough
investigation into the wreckage since discovery
in 2001 and learn of the technological advances
that made its identification possible.


Tuesday, April 13, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Disaster Technology
An examination of the historical development of
technological tools that help science mitigate
nature's fury. It's a survival story that begins
with comprehending the force of disaster. As
environmental calamities unfold, viewers witness
the urgency for change that each crisis compelled
and innovations designed to lower death tolls.

8-9pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - B-29
In 1948, a B-29 Superfortress took off from
California on a research mission carrying a
strange piece of scientific equipment--the
Suntracker. But when the plane crashed into Lake
Mead, Nevada, the Suntracker was lost. And all
records saying what it was or what the plane was
studying were also lost. Now, archaeologists from
the National Park Services' Submerged Resources
Center explore the wrecked bomber, submerged
under 200 feet of water, and learn that it was at
the forefront of Cold War science.

9-10:20pm -- Band of Brothers - Carentan
After regrouping in the town of
Angoville-au-Plain, Easy Company tries to capture
the town of Carentan. Two days after D-Day, some
members of Easy Company are still lost and alone
in Normandy, including Pvt. Albert Blithe (Marc
Warren), who finds the rest of the unit just in
time to help take Carentan, which Allied armor
from Utah and Omaha beaches need in order to link
up. Later, the company returns to England, but
celebrations are short-lived when news comes that
they'll be moving out again.

10:20-11:20pm -- Wild West Tech - Military Tech
Featuring expert demonstrations, we focus on
technologies used by the U.S. military after the
Civil War in the western frontier, and show how
some of the greatest advancements laid the
groundwork for America's hi-tech future. We
spotlight such stories as the Wagon Box Fight in
1867, when 26 soldiers and six civilians fought
off 800 mounted Sioux warriors using the new
Springfield-Allin breechloading rifle, and Pancho
Villa's raid, which ushered in the era of
motorized vehicles into the U.S. military.


Wednesday, April 14, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Tailgating
At stadiums nationwide, thousands of football
fans come together to show team spirit, eat
incredible food, and join the community of
tailgating. We journey around the U.S. to
legendary tailgating colleges like Penn State,
the University of Miami, and Louisiana State
University, and visit the home-team parking lots
of the Green Bay Packers, Dallas Cowboys, and
Philadelphia Eagles. We taste the food, meet the
spectators, and reveal the evolution of
tailgating--from horse and buggy to tricked-out

8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Inviting Disaster #4
Based on the popular book, this episode explores
historical building collapses--from ancient
pyramids to the Cathedral at Beauvais to Kansas
City's Hyatt Regency--and demonstrates that clear
warning signs often existed, but were ignored. We
also examine the collapse of the Twin Towers in
New York. Author Jim Chiles believes that
designers and engineers must better prepare for
all potential disasters--by understanding
existing risks, they can prepare for the unknown,
like terrorism.

9-10:15pm -- Band of Brothers - Replacements
Fresh replacements join Easy Company in time for
a massive paradrop into German-occupied Holland.
The Dutch townspeople of Eindhoven welcome them
as liberators, but when Easy and a cluster of
British tanks move into a nearby town, a superior
German force inflicts many casualties and forces
a retreat. As they move onto another assignment
in Holland, Capt. Winters (Damian Lewis) laments
the retreat, and Capt. Nixon (Ron Livingston)
thinks that the ambitious Allied operation seems
to have failed.

10:15-11:15pm -- Modern Marvels - The Power Grid
The largest manmade machine ever created, the
electric power grid traverses the nation from
California to Maine, Florida to Washington State.
This huge complex of power plants, substations,
and transmission lines continually supplies power
to millions of customers. In an electrifying
hour, we explore the grid's origin, from Edison's
Pearl Street Station in New York to the post-WWII
"Golden Age" to deregulation and restructuring
that directly impacted California's energy crisis
in the 21st century.


Thursday, April 15, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - The Tool Bench: Hand
Well over 2-million years before modern man
evolved, his primitive ancestors were making
tools. The ability to extend the hand and
strengthen the arm is considered one of the keys
to human evolution. Join us as we nail down the
history of hand tools, and look at a new
generation of computer-designed, high-tech hand

8-9pm -- The Bible Code: Predicting Armageddon -
The Bible Code: Predicting Armageddon
Is there a prophetic, highly accurate code locked
within the Bible that outlines past and future
events? Does the Code contain hidden messages
about people like Napoleon, Einstein, and Hitler,
and key world events like WWII, the Kennedy
brothers' assassinations, and 9/11? More
frightening are references to future
events--including Earth's impending end. We take
a balanced look through the eyes of Code
supporters and critics and let viewers determine
its accuracy in predicting the future.
(bet they don't mention MonsterVision movie The 7th Sign)

9-10:10pm -- Band of Brothers - Crossroads
Capt. Winters (Damian Lewis) leads a contingent
of Easy Company men on a risky mission over a
Dutch dike that results in a "turkey shoot" of
fleeing Germans, and is promoted to Battalion
Executive Officer, leaving Easy Company in the
hands of Lt. "Moose" Heyliger (Stephen McCole).
After moving back off the line to France, Lt.
Nixon (Ron Livingston) insists that Winters take
a break and see Paris. But when Winters returns,
news comes in of a massive German counterattack
in the Ardennes Forest.

10:10-11:10pm -- Tactical to Practical -
Non-Lethal Weapons/Wired War/Need for Speed: #12
Former Navy fighter pilot and series host Hunter
Ellis discovers how non-lethal military equipment
developed for peacekeeping duties is now used in
civilian settings, including the debilitating
audio weapon, Hypersonic Sound. Then, he sees how
warfare has entered the wired age with digital
technology that provides a clear and continuous
picture of the battlefield, and how the Internet
began as a military system. And, we profile the
fastest military and civilian craft on the land
and in the water.

Friday, April 16, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Landmines
A major battlefield weapon since the American
Civil War and the stuff of nightmares ever since,
the civilian toll from landmines remains immense.
Inflicted by an enemy that can't be seen,
landmines are littered throughout 64 countries,
making life a game of Russian Roulette for
two-thirds of the world's poorest nations.
Featuring an interview with Jerry White,
co-founder of Landmine Survivor's Network, who
lost a leg due to a landmine in Israel.

8-9pm -- Snipers - Snipers: Stalk and Kill
Meet the ultimate hunters in a deadly game where
the quarry shoots back--U.S. Army snipers.
Experts of stealth and stalking, they can kill
with a single shot from nearly a mile, or creep
within yards of an enemy target remaining
virtually invisible. Starting with American
snipers in the Revolutionary War and ending with
21st-century snipers and the latest technology at
the U.S. Army Sniper School, we review the
history of these marksmen who train to become the
"most hated men on the battlefield."

9-10:20pm -- Band of Brothers - Bastogne
In the dead of winter, in the forest outside of
Bastogne, Belgium, Easy Company struggles to hold
the line alone, while fending off frostbite and
hunger. An overwhelmed Medic Eugene Roe (Shane
Taylor), on edge and close to combat exhaustion,
finds friendship with a Belgian nurse (Lucie
Jeanne). Easy spends a miserable Christmas in the
trenches, but is buoyed after hearing news that
General McAuliffe met the German Army's demand
for surrender with the defiant answer: "Nuts!"

10:20-12am -- Barbarians - 
From the 9th Century BC through the 14th Century
AD, barbarian hordes on horseback thundered
across Europe, Asia, and Africa. Who were these
barbarians who lived and died by the sword? Shot
in film on location, we examine the conquests of
the Vikings, Goths, Mongols, and Huns, and also
their cultures, leaders, and roles in shaping


Saturday, April 17, 2004

7-7:30pm -- Extreme History with Roger Daltrey -
Surviving the Lewis & Clark Expedition
Roger Daltrey, lead singer of the legendary rock
band The Who and avid history buff, braves the
mountain wilderness as we recreate the most
famous expedition in U.S. history. Roger heads to
the wilds of Montana to find out just how Lewis
and Clark survived their epic quest. From buffalo
tongue to beaver tail, Roger samples their
culinary delights and fashions an impossibly
heavy canoe. Complete with shooting and skinning,
it's a down and dirty look at how two American
legends pulled off a miracle!

7:30-8pm -- Mail Call - Amphibious Assault
Vehicle/Jeep/Battering Ram/Urban Warfare/Ball
Turret Gunner/Nose Art: #24
How can the Marines' 26-ton AAV (Amphibious
Assault Vehicle) stay afloat? Can a jeep float?
How did medieval battering rams work? What types
of tactics do the military use for urban warfare?
Who were the guys who fired guns from the bubbles
underneath WWII bombers? What's the story behind
all those pictures of girls and other stuff drawn
on WWII airplanes? R. Lee Ermey sends these
viewers' questions to military experts in the
field for explanations and short demonstrations.

8-9pm -- Days That Shook the World -
Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand/Last Day in
Hitler's Bunker
Two great global conflicts defined the 20th
century. The First World War began with a single
bullet, fired by a young Serbian nationalist,
killing Archduke Ferdinand; the bullet that Adolf
Hitler fired into his head finally brought World
War Two to a close. Just two bullets, fired less
than 31 years apart, gave birth to the modern
world--for better or worse. Dramatic
reconstruction and archival film help explore the
complex sequence of events that led to these two
historic days that shook the world.

9-10:25pm -- Band of Brothers - The Breaking
Having thwarted the Germans at Bastogne, Belgium,
an exhausted Easy Company must now take the
nearby town of Foy from the enemy. Several are
killed and wounded in fierce shelling, compounded
by the incompetence of their new commander, Lt.
Dike (Peter O'Meara), about whom Winters (Damian
Lewis) can do nothing. Easy takes Foy, but at an
enormous cost.

10:25-12am -- We Stand Alone Together - 
This documentary, executive-produced by Tom Hanks
and Steven Spielberg, tells the remarkable story
of "Easy Company" (the men in "Band of Brothers")
in their own words. Featuring recent interviews
with the real-life company members, whose deeds
are dramatized in the miniseries, combined with
rare and archival photographs and film footage.


Sunday, April 18, 2004

5-8pm -- Movies in Time - The Boys from Brazil
Movie. An inexperienced Nazi hunter (Steve
Guttenberg) stumbles onto a top-secret Nazi
meeting in Paraguay in the late 1970s. Led by the
infamous Dr. Josef Mengele (Gregory Peck), who
experimented on twins in concentration camps, the
group is planning to create the Fourth Reich.
Initially dismissed by aging Nazi hunter Ezra
Lieberman (Laurence Olivier), when a series of
mysterious murders begins, he decides to
investigate and uncovers a sinister plot. Based
on Ira Levin's novel. (1978)

8-9pm -- Inside the Great Battles - Iwo Jima
This revolutionary series mixes real-life
locations, archival battle footage, and
21st-century animation to tell the story of
history's greatest conflicts. Unlike other TV war
series, there are no historians and no pauses in
action. We transport audiences back in time to a
front row seat, and go inside the battle as the
story unfolds. The pilot episode takes viewers
inside the tunnels of Iwo Jima to tell the story
of this pivotal WWII battle from both the U.S.
and Japanese soldiers' viewpoint.

9-10:15pm -- Band of Brothers - The Patrol
Easy Company arrives in an Alsacian town near the
German border, and is ordered to send a patrol
across the river to take enemy prisoners. Lt.
Hank Jones (Colin Hanks), fresh from West Point
and eager for combat experience, volunteers to
lead, though he must convince a skeptical Winters
(Damian Lewis). Also assigned to the patrol is
Pvt. David Webster (Eion Bailey), back in Easy
after rehabilitation of an injury. While
successful, the mission costs a soldier's life.

10:15-11:25pm -- Band of Brothers - Why We Fight
Easy Company finally enters Germany to
surprisingly little resistance, and relaxes for
the first time in months. A patrol in a nearby
forest discovers an abandoned Nazi concentration
camp, still filled with emaciated prisoners. The
local citizenry, unbelievably disavowing
knowledge of its existence, is made to clean it
up. Suddenly, news arrives from Berlin--Adolf
Hitler committed suicide!


Monday, April 19, 2004

7-8pm -- The Royal Navy - The Sun Never Sets
As WWII begins, England stands alone, paying the
price of treaty limitations that allowed Germany
and Japan to secretly build more powerful ships.
Though England can't spare ships from the
Atlantic to pursue the Japanese, after VE Day,
her carriers prove decisive elements in the
Pacific. After WWII, the Empire and the Royal
Navy decline as a world force. But the 1982
Falklands War revives the Navy, and today, its
nuclear subs and jump-jet carriers attest to its
centuries-old history and tradition.

8-8:30pm -- Mail Call - Navy
SEALs/Frogmen/Kettering Bug/Warthog/Afrika Korps
Gear/Jerry Cans: #48
R. Lee Ermey teams up with Navy SEALs to
demonstrate their weapons; reviews the history of
the Navy's fierce frogmen; and goes back to 1918
to view the world's first cruise missile--the
Kettering Bug--designed by Charles Kettering and
Orville Wright. At Tallil Air Base in Iraq, he
shows why the A-10 Thunderbolt (aka Warthog) is
the world's best tank killer, learns about
Rommel's Afrika Korps' advanced weapons in WWII,
and why gasoline storage containers are called
Jerry Cans.

8:30-9pm -- The Color of War - Face to Face
Five out of every six men serving in WWII never
saw combat, serving instead in the vast support
services. But the men who were at the front lived
through some of the greatest horrors of the human
experience. For them, survival was all--surviving
getting to the front, surviving attack, surviving
combat. This episode reveals their constant
struggle to stay alive. Peter Coyote narrates
this compelling journey into WWII through the
eyes of those who lived it, completely in color.
(Half-hour version)

9-10:15pm -- Band of Brothers - Points
Major Winters (Damian Lewis) leads Easy Company
into the Bavarian town of Berchtesgaden--once
home to top Nazi officers--and receives orders to
take the abandoned Eagle's Nest, Hitler's
mountaintop fortress. As German officers hand
over their weapons, soldiers raid wine cellars
and snap up souvenirs. But their elation is
short-lived--most of the division faces
redeployment to the Pacific Theater. A closing
vignette tells what happened to the men of Easy
Company after they returned home.

10:15-11:15pm -- Investigating History -
Investigating History: The Holy Grail
Rennes le Chateau is a small village in the
Pyrenees of Southern France. It's a quiet place
until tourists arrive hunting its secrets.
According to legend, the Knights Templar brought
the Holy Grail here for safekeeping. Those who
come on pilgrimage think the Grail is very
different than history records. Was it proof of
marriage between Jesus and Mary Magdalene? Did it
verify their bloodline survived? Permission has
been granted to dig in Rennes le Chateau...and
history or legend is about to change.


Tuesday, April 20, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - U.S. Mints: Money
How does America make money--literally? We visit
the United States Mint and the Bureau of Printing
and Engraving to see the secretive government
facilities where our legal tender is generated.
With a storied past as tantalizing as the wealth
they create, these mints can spit out fortunes in
an hour and keep our economy flowing.

8-9pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Sinking on the St.
During the Golden Age of Ocean Travel, millions
safely crossed the Atlantic. But on May 28, 1914,
the Canadian passenger liner Empress of Ireland
steamed outbound on the St. Lawrence toward
Liverpool. Around 2 a.m., as the coal carrier
Storstad traveled inbound, the ships were
engulfed in fog and collided. In 14 minutes, the
Empress sank, taking 1012 people with her. Deep
Sea Detectives John Chatterton and Michael
Norwood head to Canada, where they think the
truth waits to be found.

9-10pm -- Tactical to Practical - Super
Ships/Armored Cars/Simulators: #13
Host Hunter Ellis looks back at key ships that
served in both World Wars, goes onboard modern
military vessels, examines the biggest civilian
ships afloat--Super Tankers--and gets an in-depth
look at the Navy's newest aircraft carrier.
Armored vehicles first rolled into battle in
WWI--now fearful celebrities or worried Average
Joes get peace of mind from personal armored
cars. And we see how simulators have developed
since WWII, and meet a hobbyist who creates his
own flight simulator.

10-11pm -- Wild West Tech - Hunting Tech
The Wild West was a vast and bountiful frontier,
filled with animals, fur  and opportunity. The
men who kept up with the latest advances in
technology had a big advantage as they tried to
tame the West. Whether it was a change in beaver
trap production, a new method of making skinning
knives, or increases in the power and accuracy of
buffalo rifles, the tools of the hunter shaped
the story of the West. On WILD WEST TECH: HUNTING
TECH, we look at the evolution of hunting tools
and weapons, and how advances in technology made
the unthinkable -- the near-extinction of the
bison -- a reality. 


Wednesday, April 21, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Niagara Power
An exploration of the rich history of one of the
world's greatest technological achievements--the
harnessing of power from Niagara Falls. From the
"War of the Currents", a battle between geniuses
Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla, to the Robert
Moses Plant, primed to take the powerhouse into
the 21st century, we highlight its story.

8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 4
Engineering disasters can result in personal
tragedy, national humiliation, and economic ruin.
But buried within their wreckage lie lessons that
point the way to a safer future. The fire at the
Las Vegas MGM Grand Hotel, the collapse of
Seattle's Lacey V. Murrow Floating Bridge, the
car that spurred creation of the National Highway
Transportation Safety Administration, and the
flaw that grounded the first commercial jet are
among the engineering disasters that led to
improvements in design and safety.

9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Failed Inventions
Join us for a salute to the dreamers and schemers
who brought the world an odd assortment of flawed
ideas--like flying, swimming, and jet-powered
automobiles, flying rocket belts, and
radium-filled clothes that promised to inflate
the owner's sagging love life! And we explore the
minds of the off-kilter geniuses who thought up
these off-the-mark concepts. Some tinkerers'
musings were merely ahead of their time and
deemed flops during the inventor's lifetime, but
others were just plain bad!

10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Bathroom Tech
From tub to toilet to toothpaste, we tell you
everything you ever wanted to know about the most
used and least discussed room in the house. From
the first home bathrooms in ancient India, Roman
latrines, and bizarre Victorian-era bath
contraptions, to modern luxury master bathroom
suites, we trace the history of bathing,
showering, and oral hygiene. And we reveal the
messy truth about what was used before toilet
paper--brainchild of the Scott Brothers of
Philadelphia--and why astronauts wear diapers.


Thursday, April 22, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Cattle Ranches
From the 19th century's legendary cattle drives
to the million-acre ranch kingdoms that sprang to
life with the end of the Open Range to
21st-century techniques that include artificial
insemination, embryo transplants, and genetic
engineering, we review the history of cattle
ranching. We'll ride herd with modern cowboys as
they twirl ropes and brand calves, and look to
the cattle ranch of the future, where cloning
will produce the ideal meat-producing steer with
a consistently juicy, low-fat carcass.

8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - American Steel: Built
to Last
For over a century, the U.S. steel industry was a
powerful symbol of the nation's industrial might.
Steel helped explode the stock market into an
overnight powerhouse, and transformed a country
of farmers and merchants into a country of
visionary builders. But America's domination of
the market would meet new challenges in the

9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - The World's Biggest
Join us for a look at the biggest, heaviest,
tallest, longest, meanest machines on the planet!
We'll see what these monsters do and how they
operate, and how they're designed and assembled.
Machines investigated include the largest
draglines, excavators used in mining; the biggest
dump truck; a front-end loader with an 80-ton
bucket and the largest tires of any vehicle; the
cruise ship, The Voyager of the Seas; a 240-foot
tall wind generator; and a fusion reaction
machine the size of a football field.

10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - The Tool Bench: Power
The history of civilization could easily be
measured in terms of our ability to make, use,
and improve tools--an activity that is at least
4-million years old! At the tip of our toolmaking
timeline are power tools. We'll examine today's
power tool industry, which is booming thanks to
more powerful, lighter, and quieter cordless


Friday, April 23, 2004

7-8pm -- Greatest Raids - Search & Rescue in the
In June 1995, two U.S. Air Force F-16
fighter-bombers were enforcing the U.N. no-fly
zone over Bosnia when they were engaged by
Surface to Air Missiles from Serb territory. One
was hit and Captain Scott O'Grady ejected. For
five days, he evaded Serb forces until a fellow
pilot picked up a faint signal from his emergency
beacon. This is the story of his spectacular
rescue by an elite Air Force and Marine Corps
pilot rescue unit, a helicopter-borne force that
picked up O'Grady deep behind enemy lines.

8-9pm -- Greatest Raids - The Fall of Fort Eben
As WWII began, a series of supposedly impregnable
fortresses protected Belgium from invasion. At
dawn on May 10, 1940, Germany conducted history's
first glider-borne assault against Fort Eben
Emael. Despite powerful guns and heavy armor, the
Belgians neglected to defend the roof--where nine
flimsy, fabric-covered gliders landed and
disgorged 71 paratroopers. Using computer
graphics, archive footage, and reconstruction
shot in the passageways and tunnels, we examine
how the fortress fell so easily.

9-10pm -- Greatest Raids - German Commerce
The lifeblood of every nation, trade becomes more
vital than ever during war. Twice in the 20th
century, the German Navy nearly defeated Great
Britain by throttling her sea-lanes. In both
World Wars, submarines proved the deadliest
threat. But Germany also used a combination of
disguised armed merchant vessels and surface
warships of the Kriegsmarine to sink Allied
commercial shipping. While U-boats battled under
the seas, German surface commerce raiders wreaked
havoc on the Allies in WWI and WWII.

10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Garage Gadgets
Handy around the house? You will be after this
history of the household garage. From lawn care
products to snow removal and outdoor cooking, the
garage gadgets for do-it-yourselfers have evolved
over the decades to meet the ever-changing
challenges of maintaining a home. With a typical
garage as our starting point, we'll explore the
uncommon histories behind some common garage
items such as the lawn mower, string trimmer,
leaf blower, barbecue grill, and more.


Saturday, April 24, 2004

6-8pm -- Movies in Time - Fail Safe
Movie. (B&W) In this remake of the classic Cold
War nail-biter, first broadcast live on CBS,
tensions climb to a fever pitch when an American
bomber is accidentally ordered to drop a nuclear
warhead on Moscow. Can it be stopped before it's
too late? Directed by Stephen Frears, the
star-packed cast includes Richard Dreyfuss as the
President and George Clooney as Colonel Jack
Grady, commander of the pilot group, Noah Wyle,
Brian Dennehy, Sam Elliott, Hank Azaria, Harvey
Keitel, and Don Cheadle. (2000)

8-10:30pm -- Movies in Time - Dirty Harry
Movie. Clint Eastwood stars as Harry Callahan, a
take-no-prisoners San Francisco cop in one of the
best and most controversial films of the 1970s.
Callahan squares off against the psychotic killer
Scorpio, who kidnaps a girl and buries her alive,
demanding $200,000 in ransom. The film took the
law-and-order side in an era when the rights of
criminals were being expanded. With Harry
Guardino and Reni Santoni. (1971)

10:30-11:30pm -- Modern Marvels - Hardware Stores
Join us for a nuts-and-bolts look at the history
and evolution of those places that hold our world
together. From the local blacksmith to Home
Depot, it's the story of nails, screws,
mollybolts, duct tape, and superglue. We visit
one of the oldest hardware stores in America,
Placerville True Value, and wander the aisles of
the mega-giants. As we chronicle the rise of the
hardware "Big Box" superstores, we also see how
the mom-and-pop local hardware stores still
manage to survive.


Sunday, April 25, 2004

7-8pm -- History's Mysteries - Crop Circle
The puzzling formations known as crop circles
have appeared worldwide throughout history. In
the Middle Ages, they were called "witch" or
"pixie" circles, and a 1678 woodcut, the "Mowing
Devil", depicts one thought to be Satan's work.
But in the 1980s, the phenomenon escalated, with
dozens of crop circles popping up in England and
other countries. When two Englishmen claimed they
had perpetrated the hoax, many felt the riddle
was solved. And yet, more have materialized. We
explore the mystery.

8-9pm -- UFOs: What You Didn't Know - UFOs in the
Journey back through time into the mysterious
world of UFOs as revealed through ancient
biblical texts. Through intensive
reinterpretation of early religious documents,
researchers believe that they have found evidence
of ancient UFO activity. From Elijah's flying
"chariots of fire" to Ezekiel's "wheels within
wheels in the sky", and even the enigmatic aerial
phenomenon leading Moses during the Exodus, we
put a modern perspective on the writings of the
Bible in the context of UFOs.

9-10pm -- Flying Pyramids Soaring Stones - 
How did the ancient Egyptians build the pyramids
and lift obelisks? These spectacular feats of
engineering defy explanation. Theories about
ropes, ramps, ingenuity, and brute force abound.
Even aliens have been credited. But no definitive
answer to this enigma exists. Now, an
extraordinary new theory is being tested. Expert
sailors, Egyptians used wind power on the Nile.
Could they also harness the power of the wind on
land and use land sails, or kites, to help lift
heavy stones?

10-10:30pm -- Mail Call - Submarine: #50
R. Lee Ermey goes "underway" with the Navy's
Pacific Fleet onboard the nuclear attack
submarine USS Salt Lake City. He demonstrates
diving, steering, and sonar--submarine basics;
gets his hands on the torpedoes and Tomahawk
missiles that put the "attack" in a nuclear
submarine; and gets as close as he can to the
heart of a nuclear sub--its reactor. At program's
end, Lee eats chow with the crew, after learning
that the USS Salt Lake City just won the Navy's
award for Best Chow on any submarine.

10:30-11pm -- Tales of the Gun - The Magnum
It's known as the most powerful handgun in the
world, made famous by Clint Eastwood in the
"Dirty Harry" movies. But its origins stretch
back more than a century to the Indian Wars of
the American West and African safaris, where
hunters stalked big game. Join us for a review of
the history of the biggest, baddest gun available
today--unlimited firepower at the pull of a


Monday, April 26, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Digi-Tech
DVD, CD, PDA, HDTV, PVR--they are the ultimate in
"gotta have it" gadgets and gizmos and "to die
for" technology that populate a digital world of
acronyms. We trace digital technology back to the
early 1940s and the first high-speed electronic
computer used to calculate cannon trajectory
charts for new artillery in WWII, and look at the
rapidly approaching future in places such as
MIT's Media Lab, where tomorrow's technologies
are being developed today.

8-8:30pm -- Mail Call - 506th Parachute Infantry
Regiment, 101st Airborne Division: #49
As part of our "Band of Brothers" week, The
History Channel devotes an entire show to the
gear and guys of "Easy Company". Shot in a "You
Are There" style, R. Lee Ermey hosts in a vintage
jumpsuit, supported by a team of paratrooper
reenactors using and demonstrating the real gear,
weapons, and medical evac used during the
Invasion of Normandy and through to the end of

8:30-9pm -- The Color of War - Air War
Of all the assignments a serviceman might
undertake in WWII, flying seemed to offer the
greatest promise of glory. What was not initially
apparent was that flying would become the most
dangerous job of the war. A flyer had less chance
of survival than any other serviceman in any
other branch of the military. Peter Coyote
narrates this compelling look at the air war
through the eyes of those who lived it, with rare
color footage and interviews with Army Air Corps
and RAF veterans. (Half-hour version)

9-10:25pm -- Band of Brothers - Currahee
They were ordinary men, swept up in the most
extraordinary conflict in history. With the eyes
of the world upon them, they found their greatest
source of strength in each other. From Tom Hanks
and Steven Spielberg, this is the story of Easy
Company--an elite team of U.S. paratroopers whose
WWII exploits are as incredible as they are true.
Part 1 begins on June 4, 1944, in England, as
Lts. Richard Winters (Damian Lewis) and Lewis
Nixon (Ron Livingston) reflect on the past that
led them to D-Day.

10:25-11:25pm -- Investigating History -
Investigating History: Billy the Kid
He was the Old West's most infamous desperado,
yet we actually know little about his short
life--and more important--his death. Now, New
Mexico has reopened the investigation into Billy
the Kid's crimes and mysterious death in 1881.
Did Sheriff Pat Garrett kill him or fake the
death and allow his friend to escape? We talk to
those involved in the investigation, including
Governor Bill Richardson, Pulitzer Prize-winning
novelist N. Scott Momady, and historian Robert M.
Utley to unravel the mystery.


Tuesday, April 27, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Observatories:
Stonehenge to Space Telescopes
From Stonehenge to the Hubble Telescope, man has
always been a species of stargazers.
Unforgettable film footage and expert accounts
reveal the facts of astronomy's most
mind-boggling discoveries.

8-9pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Death by Human
During WWII's final stages, the U.S. established
what it believed was safe anchorage in a Western
Pacific lagoon called Ulithi Atoll. But on the
morning of November 20, 1944, an explosive attack
by one of Japan's new secret weapons sent a
refueling ship, the USS Mississinewa, to the
bottom of the lagoon along with 53 sailors. By
2001, nearly every major U.S. WWII shipwreck had
been found except for the Mississinewa. This is
the story of the efforts to locate the last
mystery shipwreck of WWII.

9-10pm -- Tactical to Practical - Winter
Warfare/Optics/Gliders: #14
Hunter Ellis looks at the history of winter
warfare--a tradition of fighting, surviving, and
traveling in snow and ice that created commandos
in Norway, Sweden, and Germany, and later, the
U.S. 10th Mountain Division--and at the
billion-dollar winter sports industry. Next, we
see how guns sights make it possible for military
and law enforcement snipers to do their jobs as
we examine their gear and techniques. Then, we
look at the first stealth fighters--gliders--and
into their likely future in space.

10-11pm -- Wild West Tech - Western Towns
Out of hundreds of western towns, a handful
survived through technological ingenuity to
become icons of the Old West. We discuss why
certain areas were chosen for settlement, how the
towns sprang up, their construction, water
supplies, sanitation, and protection against
Indian attack. We learn the layout, which
included saloons, dance halls, general stores,
undertakers, cemeteries, and of course, jails and
court houses. And we discover how the Wild West
advertised to lure homesteaders to the frontier.


Wednesday, April 28, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Satellites
Strong enough to survive their fiery launch into
orbit, sophisticated enough to provide
life-saving images or relay tens of thousands of
phone calls at the same time. By monitoring
weapons systems and troop movements, these "eyes
in the sky" may be the difference between
security and annihilation. From the futuristic
visions of a British sci-fi writer to creations
of a German rocket designer for the Nazi war
machine to the Cold War technological race, we
review the satellites that link our world.

8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters 3
When design flaws fell projects the cost is often
exacted in lives as we see in this look at
engineering disasters. Why did the Tower of Pisa
begin to lean by as much as 17 feet; what caused
the first nuclear accident in 1961 in Idaho; what
killed three Soyuz 11 cosmonauts aboard the
world's first orbiting space station; how did a
winter storm destroy the Air Force's Texas Tower
Radar Station, killing 28; and what errors led to
NASA's loss of the Mars Climate Orbiter and the
Mars Polar Lander?

9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters
Examines some of the most notorious engineering
failures of recent years and asks what went wrong
and what we learned from them. We take viewers to
the southern coast of Louisiana, where a
misplaced oilrig caused an entire lake to be
sucked into an underground salt mine; review the
1972 Buffalo Creek dam disaster; revisit the
Exxon Valdez oil spill; see how radio and TV
antenna towers collapse with alarming regularity;
and look at the collision of two California
icons--freeways and earthquakes!

10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Engineering Disasters
An in-depth look at the modern era's most
complex, deadly, and controversial engineering
failures. With the aid of 3-D animation, forensic
experts, and footage of disasters, we seek to
understand what went wrong and how mishap led to
remedy. Stories include: the Marines' AV-8
Harrier "Jump Jet"; the Ford Explorer/Firestone
rollovers; fire on the Piper Alpha offshore
oilrig; derailment of a high-speed train in
Germany; and computer errors that brought the
world to the brink of accidental nuclear war.


Thursday, April 29, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Spy Technology
Espionage has been used for at least the last
4,000 years. And where there are spies, you find
gadgets! We focus on the last 100 years of cloak
and dagger technology--from early code-breaking
computers to satellite reconnaissance--and take a
look at the James Bond-type gadgets of the Cold

8-11pm -- Movies in Time - Midway
Movie. Charlton Heston, Henry Fonda, and Robert
Mitchum head an all-star cast in this epic WWII
drama depicting America's first major victory
against the Japanese in the Pacific. Near the
tiny Island of Midway, an outnumbered U.S. Navy
defeats a massive Japanese flotilla, turning the
tide of the Pacific Theater. (1976)


Friday, April 30, 2004

7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Medical Imaging: The
Voyage Inward
The story of medical imaging, the technology that
allows us to see inside the human body, is full
of amazing stories. Learn how X-rays were
discovered in 1895, completely by accident; how
ultrasound was developed to locate enemy
submarines; and how the CAT Scan might never have
been built if it weren't for The Beatles!

8-9pm -- Corsair: Pacific Warrior - 
Its strange bent wings and long nose made the
Corsair one of the most distinctive fighter
planes. First flown in 1940, it was the world's
fastest single-engine fighter, with a diving
speed of more than 500 mph. Designed for use on
aircraft carriers, it proved too hot to handle
during deck landing. Adopted for land use, Marine
Corsair pilots decimated the Japanese Air Force
in the Solomon Islands. Finally, Corsairs went
back to sea and defended the Navy from kamikaze

9-10pm -- B-52: Stratofortress - 
For nearly half a century, one bomber has
dominated the skies. With a maximum speed of 650
mph, a range of over 8,000 miles, and ability to
drop a massive 70,000 pounds of bombs, it's the
most lethal bomber in the world. This is the
dramatic story of the race to produce the first
intercontinental jet bomber and the success of
the B-52--from the Cold War to its use in the war
against terrorism in Afghanistan. The B-52's
projected combat life is until 2045--no other
bomber comes close to this record.

10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - F-18 Hornet
One aircraft in the U.S. arsenal best typifies
the will to win. Using the latest and most
sophisticated computerized technology, the F-18
Hornet is now one of the foremost fighters of the
21st Century. Once a plane that nobody wanted,
today it's the principal Navy and Marine
fighter-attacker--with a flick of a switch, it
transforms from bomber to fighter. Interviews
with pilots and crews, combined with archive film
and color reenactments, take you inside the
cockpit of this multi-role aircraft.
For more on UFOs, check out the interview on MonsterVision's Mars Attacks page

Watch Mailcall or drop and give me 20 Watch Mail Call every week if you know what's good for you, scumbag,
hosted by R. Lee Ermey of Full Metal Jacket
(movie available on video and DVD)

Hellcats of the Navy Previous History Channel primetime listings:



January 2004

Official Homepage
From the invention of the electric battery in 1800 to the murdered remains of missing Washington intern Chandra Levy being discovered in a Washington D.C. park*, find out what happened when with our exclusive History of the World Timeline!

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* Congressman Gary Condit (D), who reportedly told police he'd had an affair with Levy, is no longer considered to be a suspect in the case. Condit lost his bid for re-election in the Democratic Primary of 2002.

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