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The History Channel

Primetime Programming Schedule

Listings for Sept. 2003

NOTE: We are listing both EST/Pacific Time and individual television ratings. All rated [G] or [PG] unless noted. [NR] = Not Rated, news-related program.

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History Channel Primetime Listings

No listings available 8/15 to 9/14/03
Monday, September 15, 2003
7-8pm -- History Alive - Hanson, Hawkins, and Boggs/The Black Dahlia
Insurance scams are hard to pull off--unless the deceased's doctor is in on it! Meet Gene Hanson and John Hawkins, con men with huge policies on each other. When Dr. Boggs identifies a dead patient as Hanson, it seems to be he... Next, study the facts in the case of the Black Dahlia, whose dismembered body was found near Hollywood.
8-8:30pm - Mail Call: Armored Scout Car/Water-Cooled Machine Gun/Fart Sack/Battlefield Shuteye/Nazi U-Boats/Stealth Ship
How effective were armored scout cars in WWII? What does it mean when the term "water-cooled" is used with a machine gun? What's a fart sack? How do modern troops grab some shuteye on the battlefield? Why were the German U-boats of WWII so effective? Does the Navy really have a ship that's invisible to radar? R. Lee Ermey answers these viewer questions while on location with practical demonstrations by military experts in the field.
8:30-9pm - Guts & Bolts: Stuntman Fire Suit/Personal Submarine/Tunnel Digger
In this episode, host Tim Beggy takes on the elements--Earth, Fire, and Water. Tim descends 200 feet below Chicago armed with a pickaxe to learn how tunneling was done in days of yore, then steps aside to let a fierce Tunnel Boring Machine do its thing. In Vancouver, he explores a shipwreck 80 feet below sea level from his own personal submarine. Finally, Beggy gets to live every action movie fan's dream when he's set on fire by a movie special effects team--and lives to tell about it!
9-11pm - Movie: Platoon
Written and directed by Oliver Stone, the story is based on his experiences in Vietnam. Charlie Sheen plays Private Chris Taylor, a naive recruit who faces a moral crisis when a sergeant orders a village massacre. Perhaps the most accurate film about the brutality of the Vietnam War, the top-notch cast in this gritty look at the lives of a platoon includes Tom Berenger, Willem Dafoe, Forest Whitaker, Kevin Dillon, Johnny Depp, and Chris Pederson. (1986) Available on video and DVD)
Tuesday, September 16, 2003
7-8pm -- History Alive: Jane Doe/Lufthansa Heist
A dismembered corpse is found near the Wisconsin River--minus the skin from the face along with the nose and ears. For weeks, no clues are found as to the identity of the victim or killer. Then, space-age technology comes in to play and the case unfolds like a Sherlock Holmes mystery. But one of the most intriguing cases of mob crime--the 1978 Lufthansa Heist--remains unsolved. Over $8-million in cash, jewels, and gold was stolen from Lufthansa's high-security storage at New York's JFK airport.
8-9pm -- Mavericks, Miracles & Medicine: The Heart
Follow the case of Dr. James Snow, a 70-year-old man with a damaged heart valve. We're with Jim as he undergoes a cutting-edge surgical procedure--minimally-invasive mitral valve reconstruction. Threaded throughout are revelatory stories of medical milestones that allowed the modern drama to unfold, including: the first studies of human anatomy through dissection; the first heart catheterization; the first surgery under anesthesia; handwashing by medical personnel; and the heart-lung machine.
9-10pm -- Tactical to Practical #3
Today's naval submarine is the world's deadliest weapon. Join former Navy fighter pilot and series host Hunter Ellis as he explores the technology that led from the submarine to handheld sonar devices that help tourists catch that "big" fish. We also look at miracle materials, such as carbon-fiber technology, and radar--now being used to help locate people trapped in the rubble of collapsed buildings.
10-11pm - Scrapyard Scavenger: The Crossbow
In this week's testosterone-driven plunge into the world of metal-molding maniacs, Mark Bradford (aka Scrapdaddy) and his junk-obsessed teammates must turn an ancient machine into a modern monster. The task--transforming a human-sized crossbow into a massive war machine that can hurl 20-pound flaming arrows the length of a football field. With five days and $5,000, tempers flare as the scavengers race to turn a two-ton pile of scrap into an arbalest.
Wednesday, September 17, 2003
7-8pm -- History Alive: Nickell/Taylor
When Stella Nickel inserted rat poison in her husband's Excedrin gelcaps, she got away with murder...until she got greedy. Next, we examine the evidence surrounding the 1922 unsolved murder of film director William Desmond Taylor, which revealed the seamier side of Hollywood.
8-9pm -- Mavericks, Miracles & Medicine: Transplants
Meet Ken Whelan, a 47-year-old man in need of a liver transplant, and his 21-year-old daughter who insists on being the donor. As we follow Ken's story, we learn about William Harvey, a 17th-century doctor who discovered the circulation of blood; Jean-Baptiste Denis, who did the first blood transfusion from animals to humans; Nobel Prize-winning doctor and scientist Paul Ehrlich; the surgeon who performed the first successful organ (kidney) transplant; the scientist and sheep who birthed cloning.
9-10pm -- Modern Marvels: Bullet Trains
Traveling between 135 and 190 miles per hour with an astonishingly high safety record, bullet trains can be found throughout Europe, Japan, and on the U.S. eastern seaboard. How high-speed trains are propelled is rooted in fundamentals that haven't changed since the first electric trolleys appeared in the 19th century. We see how scientists are looking at new alternatives to electricity, including magnetic levitation that can move passenger trains 345 miles per hour and beyond!
10-11pm -- Modern Marvels: High Tech Sex
Join us for a walk on the wild side of the history of sexual enhancement and contraception--from Cleopatra's box of buzzing bees to 17th-century condoms to Internet sex and 21st-century holographic pornography! In an explicit exploration of the aphrodisiacs, drugs, contraceptives, toys, and cyber-tech innovations that have ushered in a brave new world of modern sexuality, we talk to sexologists and historians for ribald romp behind the bedroom's closed doors.
Thursday, September 18, 2003
7-8pm -- History Alive: Leopold & Loeb/D.B. Cooper
This week's cases for our armchair detectives include the nearly perfect "thrill killing" committed by Leopold and Loeb, privileged youth with extremely high IQs. Then, try to detect what happened to D.B. Cooper, who skyjacked a Boeing 727, demanded $100,000 and four parachutes, and then leapt from the plane into folk history.
8-9pm -- Mavericks, Miracles & Medicine: The Brain
Our current case shadows severe epileptic Jim Carella, who undergoes surgery to implant a pacemaker for his brain. Historical stories include: the scientist who proved that epilepsy was not caused by demonic possession (15th century); the scientist who discerned localization of brain function (18th century); the accident that led to the x-ray (19th century); the first doctor to map localization of brain function (19th century); and the first implanted electrical pacemaker (20th century).
9-11:30pm -- Movie: Heartbreak Ridge
Clint Eastwood stars as a tough Marine leading raw recruits into battle in the invasion of Grenada. With Marsha Mason. (1986) Heartbreak Ridge is available on video and DVD
Friday, September 19, 2003
7-8pm -- History Alive: Hollywood Robber/Kingsbury Run Murders
In the mid-1990s, when Seattle was plagued by bank robberies, the most feared bandit was the "Hollywood" robber and his band. An enormous task force, including the FBI, teamed up to match wits with one of America's most prolific and luckiest criminals. And in 1935, Cleveland brought in Eliot Ness to fight crime and police corruption. But he was about to do battle with one of the most brutal and devious serial killers in U.S. history, the "Mad Butcher of Kingsbury Run"--a battle Ness eventually lost.
8-9pm -- Mavericks, Miracles & Medicine: Infectious Disease
Follow the case of a 13-month-old child with tuberculosis and the hunt for the person who infected him. Going back in time, we meet: Robert Koch, a 19th-century German country doctor who first proved links between germs and disease; Anton von Leeuwenhoek, the 17th-century Dutchman who discovered the invisible world of microorganisms; the notorious Typhoid Mary; the Englishwoman who made the first smallpox vaccine possible; and Selman Waksman, who discovered the first antibiotic for TB.
9-10pm -- Deadmen's Secrets: Secrets of Hitler's Wonder Weapons
In the last years of WWII, Hitler's war machine turned in desperation to some of the strangest weapons ever devised--an arsenal of advanced technological weapons so secret that even today, their true uses remain a mystery. We look at the Messerschmitt 262, the first jet fighter; the V-1 flying bomb, ancestor of today's cruise missile; and the V-2, the first ballistic missile. Perhaps most extraordinary, we investigate the possibility that the Nazis were sending UFOs into the sky.
10-11pm -- Modern Marvels: Bombs
Bombs...the most feared and powerful weapon in any nation's arsenal. What began as incendiary devices in the 7th century has evolved into weapons that can literally blow the human race off the face of earth! From the use of diseased carcasses flung over castle walls to Greek Fire to today's smart bombs, we review the evolution of bombs.
Saturday, September 20, 2003
7-7:30pm -- Conquest: Weapons of the Barbarians
Barbarians came from many lands and used many weapons to fight a common enemy. Their nemesis: the Roman Empire. Now, Peter Woodward and the Conquest Team examine the tactics and tools used by barbarians in their neverending battles against the forces of Rome.
7:30-8pm -- Mail Call: Armored Scout Car/Water-Cooled Machine Gun/Fart Sack/Battlefield Shuteye/Nazi U-Boats/Stealth Ship
(repeated from Monday)
8-9pm -- History Undercover: The Too Perfect Spy
The daring story of Fritz Kolbe, a secretary in the German Foreign Office. In 1943, Kolbe's patriotism for Germany and hatred of the Nazis motivated him to contact OSS Chief Allen Dulles with top-secret documents. Kolbe risked his life to speed WWII's end, but no one believed a mole this good could be genuine--except Dulles. Only recently, the full bulk of the Kolbe-Dulle's correspondence has been released, proving him possibly the single most valuable human intelligence source of WWII.
9-10pm -- Come Home Alive - Gateway of Death: Mexico
In Mexico in 1997, three kidnappers confront American geologist Stu Havenstrite and try to force him into the trunk of his car. When he fights back, the bandits shove him in the backseat. For Havenstrite, alone and desperate in a foreign country, his resistance is one of many quick decisions he'll have to make over the next 72 hours--each of them a calculated gamble with his life hanging in the balance. The kidnappers demand a $5-million ransom, but Stu needs a dose of good luck to come home alive.
10-11pm -- Dead Reckoning - DNA's Debut
Studying the history of DNA as a forensic tool, we begin in 1987 in Virginia with the case of serial rapist/murderer Timothy Spencer-- the first American convicted in a capital murder case solely on the basis DNA. In the years since the landmark case, Virginia instituted a DNA databank that contains the DNA profiles of all felons. Now, more than 20 years after the unsolved murder of Dorothy White, Virginia police reopen the case and enter DNA from her crime scene into the databank and make a hit!
Sunday, September 21, 2003
7-8pm -- Dead Reckoning - DNA's Debut (repeated from yesterday)
8-10pm -- Time Machine - Sink the Bismarck!
This 2-hour documentary joins the world's greatest sea chase as the British pursue the pride of the German navy, the battleship Bismarck. Features interviews with Ted Briggs, survivor of the Hood, which was sunk by the Bismarck, the Bismarck's senior surviving officer, and the only U.S. military man to participate in the WWII chase.
10pm - Mail Call: Amphibious Assault Vehicle/Jeep/Medieval Battering Ram/Urban Warfare/Ball Turret Gunner/Nose Art
How can the Marines' 26-ton AAV (Amphibious Assault Vehicle) stay afloat? Can a jeep float? How did medieval battering rams work? What types of tactics do the military use for urban warfare? Who were the guys who fired guns from the bubbles underneath WWII bombers? What's the story behind all those pictures of girls and other stuff drawn on WWII airplanes? R. Lee Ermey sends these viewers' questions to military experts in the field for explanations and short demonstrations.
10:30-11pm -- Conquest: Weapons of the American Indians
Peter Woodward and the Conquest Team examine the weapons and warfare of the North American Plains Indians--a savage story of defiance and revenge in which proud, fearless warriors waged bloodthirsty battles against other Indian tribes and the white man. Though nomadic, with no concept of land ownership, the Plains Indians defended themselves with both indigenous and borrowed weaponry. Learn how to Native Americans, focusing primarily on the weapons of the Sioux, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho.
Monday, September 22, 2003
7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Sherman Tanks
From the D-Day beaches to the crushing defeat of the German Army in France, the U.S. M-4 Sherman tank fought in some of the bloodiest battles of WWII. This is the dramatic story of America's triumphant industrial mobilization and the manufacture of a tank that would blast its way into history and pave the way for the liberation of Europe. Miniature cameras provide an inside look at the horrifying reality of being inside a Sherman tank in combat and under fire.
8-8:30pm -- Mail Call - #34
R. Lee Ermey returns as host for another season of exciting answers to viewers' questions on military technology. With American armed forces deployed in the war against terrorism, this season will focus on today's military. Shot on location, Ermey answers viewers' questions about military methods and technology with practical demonstrations by military experts in the field.
8:30-9pm -- Guts & Bolts: Panama Canal
At the Panama Canal, host Tim Beggy gets unprecedented access to the technology that allows ships to travel across a continent from one ocean to another. He unleashes 26-million gallons of water with the flip of a lever when he actually operates a canal lock. Then, Beggy pilots the amazingly powerful harbor tug that can manhandle ships 80 times its size. Once inside the locks, ships are tethered to 55-ton locomotives that keep them in line. Tim receives on-the-job training and learns how they work.
9-10pm -- The SS - Power Struggle
The incarnation of terror and executor of mass genocide, the SS, like no other Nazi organization, embodied the murderous mania of the "master race". In a 6-part story of unbridled madness and inconceivable crimes, we watch the Schutzstaffel (Defense Squadron), an insignificant guard corps, transform into an omnipotent evil empire. It began with a night of murder--June 30, 1934, Night of the Long Knives, when SS commandos, on Hitler's orders, executed leaders of the Nazi Storm Troopers, the SA.
10-11pm -- The SS - Himmler's Mania
Presented in meticulous detail, our 6-part investigation of the SS reveals film footage long believed lost and eyewitnesses only now prepared to discuss Hitler's sinister reign of terror. Focusing on the head of the SS, Heinrich Himmler, we see how his penchant for the occult determined his barbaric politics, and how he mixed anti-Semitism with blood-and-soil mysticism. A chicken farmer with an agriculture diploma, he instigated "breeding" a new race and administered mass genocide like a tax official.
Tuesday, September 23, 2003
7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Disaster Technology
An examination of the historical development of technological tools that help science mitigate nature's fury. It's a survival story that begins with comprehending the force of disaster. As environmental calamities unfold, viewers witness the urgency for change that each crisis compelled and innovations designed to lower death tolls.
8-9pm -- Deep Sea Detectives - Slave Ship Uncovered!
In July 1700, the Henrietta Marie, a slave ship heading home after selling its cargo of "black gold", met disaster off Florida's coast. Historians believe a hurricane drove her into a reef. Accidentally in 1972, remains of the ship were found and over three decades divers recovered a portion of the hull and artifacts. In the summer of 2003, we go onboard and underwater as researchers scour the waters off Key West, determined to find the rest of her. With dramatic animations of the ship's last moments.
9-10pm -- Tactical to Practical - #4
Hunter Ellis shows off the best in 21st-century fighter jets, including the F-22 Raptor--the stealthiest aircraft ever--and sees how business and personal jets offer some of the same avionic and design features. After demonstrating prop-driven war machines of the past, Hunter hops into an F-18 for some Top Gun fun with his Blue Angel buddies. He also sees how animals are used in combat and by civilian authorities, and how surplus WWII air-filled pontoons developed into white water rafting boats.
10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Torture Devices
For more than 3,000 years, emperors and generals, dictators and police, criminals, clerics, and even medical doctors have created and used a vast array of torture devices--everything from the ancient Greeks' Brazen Bull, which slowly barbecued the victim, to the elaborate mechanical apparatuses of the Spanish Inquisition. A medical doctor who specializes in victims of torture reveals how the human body responds to their use--from the earliest devices to the more modern.
Wednesday, September 24, 2003
7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - High Voltage
Look closely at those tall metal towers that span the country and you might see tiny specks climbing up the soaring steel like spiders on an enormous web. Meet the courageous linemen who erect, string, and repair 250-foot high electrical transmission towers, working with energized power lines that can carry up to 765,000 volts!
8-9pm -- Modern Marvels - The Great Wall of China
Winding 6,000 kilometers through undulating mountains, it is said to be visible with the naked eye from the moon. But who called for the Great Wall's construction and how was it accomplished? Historians, engineers, and scientists explore one of the wonders of the ancient world.
9-10pm -- Modern Marvels - The Colosseum
Nothing symbolizes the Roman Empire at its height or Rome in magnificent ruins more than the Colosseum. Built in 70 AD, it seated 80,000 people, boasted a retractable roof, underground staging devices, marble seating, and lavish decorations. It still serves as the prototype for the modern stadium. The complexity of its construction, the beauty of its architecture, and the functionality of its design made it the perfect place for massive crowds to congregate for the bloody spectacles it contained.
10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Machu Picchu
Perched on a ridge in the Peruvian Andes is the engineering marvel Machu Picchu. Originally built by the Incas, this magnificent structure remains a mystery. Was it an observatory? Pleasure retreat? Fortress? This program presents the most current theory.
Thursday, September 25, 2003
7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Million Dollar Tech
For millennia, luxury toys have functioned as flashy instruments of affluence, authority, and identity and driven many kingly consumers to covet, create, and purchase these status symbols. From the Roman Emperor Caligula's special barges to Carl Faberge's impossibly intricate eggs, from plasma screen TVs to $600,000 Bentleys and Rolex watches, we examine spectacular personal possessions--paeans to the lords of a consumer culture that grows richer and technologically more sophisticated daily.
8-11pm -- Movie: Battle of the Bulge
Epic story of the Nazi war machine's last desperate offensive. Henry Fonda, Robert Shaw, and Charles Bronson star. (1965) Available on video and DVD)
Friday, September 26, 2003
7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Secrets of the Acropolis
With a thrilling combination of dramatic reconstructions and 3-D animation, we step back in time to the Golden Age of Greece and the birth of democracy, to an era of unparalleled human creativity that produced the magnificent architecture on the Acropolis. Powerfully evoking the pagan rituals that made the Acropolis the heart of Athenian life, we explore all four key buildings: the Propylaia, the Erectheion, Athena Nike, and the Parthenon--the most influential buildings in Western civilization.
8-9pm -- The Desert War
Go inside the desert battlefield as Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's troops pitch a last-gasp effort to turn back the tide of the British air and tank campaign. Hitler's "miracle man" couldn't work his magic against overwhelming opposition. Hitler's orders to hold firm spelled the pointless death of tens of thousands and ultimate end of his army. Features exclusive interviews with Rommel's chauffeur and first-time interviews with Bedouins, who talk about the experience of war in their homeland.
9-10pm -- Blackbird Stealth!
Designed in the late 1950s by aeronautical genius Kelly Johnson at the mysterious Skunkworks, the SR-71 Blackbird was the world's first stealthy aircraft, designed to over-fly enemy territory with impunity while photographing 100,000 square miles in an hour. While serving 6 presidents, it saw action on hot and cold war fronts alike. Interviews with crews and commanders combined with unbelievable footage puts viewers in the cockpit of this amazing spy plane, flying at speeds of 2,000 miles an hour. It even costarred with Clint Eastwood in the movie "Firefox" available on video and DVD
10-11pm -- Modern Marvels - Machine Guns
The history of the machine gun from the first Gatlings in the Civil War to today's high-speed automatic rifles.
Saturday, September 27, 2003
7-7:30pm -- Conquest: Weapons of the American Indians (repeated from Sunday)

7:30-8pm -- Mail Call - #34 (repeated from Monday)

8-9pm -- History Undercover - Hitler and Stalin: Roots of Evil
An examination of the minds of two of the 20th century's most brutal dictators and mass murderers--Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin. Based on recent psychological and medical studies, the program explores the personalities of these ruthless leaders, who were directly responsible for millions of deaths--their paranoia, suspiciousness, cold-bloodedness, sadism, and lack of human feeling. Includes interviews with Martin Bormann's son and Hitler's butler.
9-10pm -- Come Home Alive - Jungle Terror: Ecuador
July 29, 1996--while on a guided tour in Ecuador's Cuyabeno Wildlife Preserve, avid birdwatcher John Heidema, his daughter, and 10 other tourists, are robbed by armed bandits. When they threaten to take hostages, Heidema offers himself in place of his daughter. Working with the FBI, authorities finally zero in on his location and after 38 days, an Ecuadorian SWAT team rescues him. Birdwatchers beware--the kidnappers were part of a group that picks its targets by thumbing through tourist brochures!
10-11pm -- Dead Reckoning - Unusual Clues
When two prominent Dartmouth professors were found murdered in their home in January 2001, the case attracted national attention. The killers left several significant clues in the couple's study, enabling New Hampshire police and forensic experts to solve the case in only three weeks. Then, Massachusetts State Police call in an arachnologist to help solve a murder when they discover that the perpetrator brushed off part of a spider web when he crawled through a cellar window to reach his victim.
Sunday, September 28, 2003
7-8pm -- Dead Reckoning - Unusual Clues (repeated from yesterday)

8-10pm -- The Last Mission
Meet Jim Smith, radio operator on a B-29 that flew WWII's final mission. Smith, attached to the secret 315th Bomb Wing, flew the longest continuous mission of WWII, six days after the atomic bombs, ending the largest and most violent conflict of arms in the history of mankind! On August 14, 1945, the 315th Bomb Wing was ordered to strike the Akita oil refinery, northwest of Tokyo. Incredibly the mission blacked out Tokyo in one precise moment of time that spared the Emperor from being kidnapped by military rebels who had taken over the palace. The rebels had planned to isolate the Emperor and prevent him from recording a war-stopping surrender message to his people. Aided by historians, see how the B-29 air strike unwittingly collapsed the coup, saved Tokyo from nuclear strike, and ended WWII. TV PG
10-10:30pm - Mail Call: Newest Coast Guard Ship/Carrier Battle Group/Tanks/Sherman Tank/XM-29 Rifle/WW2 V-Mail
R. Lee Ermey sends viewer questions to military experts for answers and demonstrations. Go aboard the Coast Guard's latest and greatest--the multi-purpose 47-foot Motor Lifeboat (MLB); find out which and how many ships comprise a carrier battle group; learn why we call a tank a tank and not a toilet, and why the Sherman was considered a deathtrap; get a look at the M-16's replacement, the futuristic XM-29 rifle; and hear how WWII V-mail didn't talk, but kept letters flowing from the front to home.
10:30-11pm -- Conquest - Weapons of the Ninja
Meet the challenges of extreme competition and find out if you are as tough as you think! Host Peter Woodward, an actor and fight master, and his team of combatants take on different challenges each episode with one goal in mind--to win! Peter focuses on the technology behind the equipment being profiled and demonstrates its practical use and the tactics needed to win. Shot on location around the world, he reveals the skills needed throughout history to emerge victorious!
Monday, September 29, 2003
7-8pm -- Modern Marvels - Military Movers
The challenge: Move millions of soldiers and tons of cargo halfway around the world and into the thick of action. How? Use the biggest ships, the widest planes, and the strongest trucks. Today, military planners move men and equipment further and faster than ever. The United Sates Transportation Command, answering to the Department of Defense, runs military transport like an efficient private shipping and travel agency. From the Civil War to US Transcom, we track the development of military logistics.
8-8:30pm - Mail Call: Deuce and a Half/Vietnam Gun Truck/WW2 Household Fat/Missile Silos/C-17 Loadmaster/Scottish Kilts
What is a WWII "Deuce and a Half"? What's a "Vietnam Gun Truck". Did the U.S. really use household fat to make explosives in WWII? How do missile silos work? What's the latest transport aircraft? Did Scottish soldiers really wear kilts in battle, and who did the Germans call the "Girls from Hell" in WWI? R. Lee Ermey dips into his viewers' mailbag and sends these questions out to military experts in the field for answers and brief demonstrations.
8:30-9pm -- Guts & Bolts - Inside the Arena
Nothing gets a crowd revved up like a Mechanical Bull. Unless of course it's a real bull at a real rodeo! Tim Beggy takes on both and gets the ride of his life. Then, Richard Zamboni gives Tim a spin on his father's famed ice resurfacing machine to learn first hand how it works at Iceland Ice Skating Rink in Paramount, California.
9-10pm -- The SS - Death's Head
Regarded as SS elite and perpetrators of its most diabolic crimes, Death's Head battalions were deployed whenever particular cruelty and absolute devotion to duty were required and were responsible for the implementation of mass genocide in Nazi extermination camps. We show how willing henchmen were schooled to place themselves body and soul, in the service of unimaginable barbarity--and how, or if, these atrocities weighed upon their consciences. Features an interview with Simon Wiesenthal.
10-11pm -- The SS - Waffen-SS
Opinions still differ on the military arm of the SS. Was the Waffen-SS the criminal terror instrument of Nazi genocide, or were they "soldiers like any others" as SS General Paul Hausser claimed after the war's end? The Waffen-SS found its true vocation in 1941 with Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union. There, Himmler's "racial warriors" were the vanguard, determined to implement the "extermination of the Jewish-Bolshevik subhuman hordes" as decreed by Hitler.

Tuesday, September 30, 2003
7-8am Civil War Journal: Destiny at Ft. Sumter
Story of the first fateful battle of the Civil War: the South's 34-hour bombardment of Ft. Sumter in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, in April 1861.
8-10am Egypt beyond the Pyramids
Mansions of the Spirits/The Great Pharaoh and His Lost Children
Explore one of the greatest monuments to the dead ever built--Queen Hatshepsut's Deir el Bahari, and her Red Chapel, a smaller temple near Karnak. Our host Peter Woodward leads us into the inner sanctuaries of the Great Temple of Karnak, and epigrapher William Murnane shows how the art and decoration contributed to its holy power and political prestige. Then we visit the Ramesseum, Ramesses the Great's funerary temple, and KV5, the tomb of several of his sons and Egypt's greatest family mausoleum.
10-12pm Egypt beyond the Pyramids
The Daily Life of Ancient Egyptians/Death and the Journey to Immortality
At the ancient port city Mendes, we speak with archaeologist Donald Redford, who has been uncovering the lives of farmers, priests, and merchants. We also visit the ancient craftsman's village Deir el Medina to learn more about the lives of workers who toiled in the Valley of the Kings. Then, we explore ancient places that reveal the secrets of the religion and its views on eternal life after death--the cemetery of the pyramid builders in Giza and the Valley of the Golden Mummies in Bahariyya Oasis.
12-1pm The Sphinx of Egypt
The brooding figure of the Great Sphinx stands guard over the pyramids of Giza. With the head of a man and body of a lion, this 240-foot ruin may depict Pharaoh Khafre, son of Khufu, the builder of the Great Pyramid. But speculation still abounds as to its birth. We'll use computers to flesh out its possible original face.
1-2pm Modern Marvels
Pyramids: Majesty and Mystery
Standing majestically for centuries, the world's great pyramids have long inspired and mystified scholars. Leading experts and historians explore the engineering genius that created some of the largest structures on the planet. From ancient Egypt to Central America, we visit these technological masterpieces.
2-6pm Egypt beyond the Pyramids repeated from 10am
6-7pm The Sphinx of Egypt repeated from noon
7-8pm Modern Marvels, Pyramids: Majesty and Mystery repeated
8-9pm Deep Sea Detectives
Lost Treasure Ship Found!
No tale inspires shipwreck hunters more than rumor of priceless treasure lying on the bottom of the sea. Such ships have been found, but few as unique as the 1999 discovery of the Vrouw Maria. Caught in a storm in October 1771, the two-masted merchant vessel, en route to St. Petersburg from Amsterdam, struck a rock and sank along with her cargo of fine Dutch art for Russian aristocrats. For nearly 230 years the vessel lay undisturbed on the seabed with little decay due to the Baltic's brackish nature.
9-10pm Tactical to Practical #2
Former Navy fighter pilot and series host Hunter Ellis explores technology, inventions, techniques, and products born in the military that went on to find useful and exciting applications in civilian life. In this episode, we see how tanks, satellites, and parachutes have been adapted into common usage.
10-11pm Modern Marvels: Smart Bombs
Precision-guided munitions, smart bombs were the media buzz of the first Gulf War and a major military and political driving force of the second. But their apparent sudden celebrity is deceptive. The history of smart bombs goes back to World War I and includes an ingenious, if eccentric, group of inventions and a cast of characters that boasts a Kennedy and a president of General Motors.
11-12am Love and Sex in the Hebrew Bible
On the sixth day of Creation, God pronounced the sexual union between husband and wife "very good." The Hebrew Bible is rich in tales of love and marriage, as well as rape, prostitution, adultery, and polygamy. Sometimes the Bible reads more like a tabloid than a holy book. What are the messages in these stories? Are there lessons to be learned from Solomon's excesses and David's adultery?

Watch Mail Call every week if you know what's good for you, scumbag, hosted by R. Lee Ermey of Full Metal Jacket (movie available on video and DVD)

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* Congressman Gary Condit (D), who reportedly told police he'd had an affair with Levy, is no longer considered to be a suspect in the case. Condit lost his bid for re-election in the Democratic Primary of 2002.

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