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The History Channel

Primetime Programming Schedule

Listings For March 2003 (schedules available after the 1st)

NOTE: We are listing both EST/Pacific Time and individual television ratings. All rated [G] or [PG] unless noted. [NR] = Not Rated, news-related program.

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History Channel Primetime Listings

8:00 Tom Ridge Defending America. Frank Sesno interviews former Governor Tom Ridge, head of the Department of Homeland Security, and gets an insider's look at the man and his mission. On March 1, 2003, 170,000 employees in 22 federal departments and agencies across the country merge under the authority of his newly created department. Ridge's plan is to build and sustain a permanent relationship with state and local governments and the private sector to resist and confront the new threat of terrorism. CC [TV G]
9:00 Defending America. The Coast Guard. This unique and legendary service protects America's waters and coasts and faces threats of terrorism, drug running, illegal immigration, and rescue at sea--all with a force smaller than the New York City Police Department! "Coasties" don't wait for war--they're fighting their wars every day, as they have for over 200 years. CC [TV G]
10:00 Defending America. The National Guard. From the Minutemen of the American Revolution to Afghanistan, the National Guard protects America at home and abroad. Older than the United States itself, the Guard has fought in every American war and protected this country during flood, fire, riots, and now terrorism. Join us for a tribute to America's National Guard. CC [TV G]
11:00 Defending America. U.S. Customs. The law enforcement officers of United States Customs are the first line of defense along America's borders. From its beginnings after the American Revolution to the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, we see why U.S. Customs has been and continues to be "America's Gatekeepers". CC [TV G]

8:00 B26 Marauder! Bombing from altitudes of over 10,000 feet, the Marauder had the lowest loss rate of any Allied bomber during WWII-- less than one-half of one percent. By the end of the war, it had flown over 100,000 missions and dropped over 150,000 tons of bombs. Meet the designers, technicians, and soldiers who played integral roles in the Marauder's development. CC [TV G]
9:00 Mail Call. The Jeep/HIMARS/Hurricanes. R. Lee Ermey, who portrayed the sergeant in Full Metal Jacket, applies his gruff sense of humor in this half-hour series that answers viewers' mail about what the armed forces were, and really are, like! Shot on location, Ermey reads the questions on air and then sends them out to military experts in the field for answers and brief demonstrations. Ermey learns all about the Jeep; the new rocket launcher called HIMARS; and how and why the military hunts down hurricanes. CC [TV PG]
9:30 Mail Call. Future Gear/Marine Camouflage/Army's New Armored Vehicle. R. Lee Ermey, the sergeant in "Full Metal Jacket", applies his gruff sense of humor in this half-hour series that answers viewers' mail about what the armed forces were, and really are, like! Shot on location, Ermey reads questions on air and then sends them out to military experts in the field for answers and brief demonstrations. Ermey looks at possible gear for GIs on tomorrow's battlefields; how the Marines designed their new camo pattern; and examines the Army's new armored vehicle, the Stryker. CC [TV PG]
10:00 Mail Call. Self-Propelled Artillery/Matchlock Musket/Airships/Blue Angels/Pirate Weapons/Depth Charges. If self- propelled artillery is much more maneuverable than towed artillery, why isn't all artillery self-propelled? How does a matchlock musket work? Did the U.S. Navy really use airships as floating aircraft carriers? How does the Navy select pilots for their elite precision flying team, the Blue Angels? What type of weapons did pirates use? How do depth charges work? R. Lee Ermey and military experts in the field answer these questions with brief demonstrations. CC [TV PG]
10:30 History Now. Terror Survival Guide. CC [TV PG]
11:00 Time Machine. The Secret Bunker. CC [TV PG]

8:00 Mail Call. Medieval Weapons/Lewis Gun/Carrier Pigeons/Gliders in Combat/Anti-Tank Missile/Ejection Seats. What were some of the wickedest medieval weapons? What is a WWI Lewis gun? How were carrier pigeons used during WWI and WWII? Were people really crazy enough to use gliders in combat? How does the TOW (tube-launched, optically tracked, wire-guided missile system) anti-tank missile work? How do ejection seats work? Shot on location, R. Lee Ermey sends these questions out to military experts in the field for answers and brief demonstrations. CC [TV PG]
8:30 Conquest. Weapons of the Gladiators. The ancient world boasted many special weapons, some of which became almost ritualized. Roman gladiators' weapons reflected gods, barbarians, and idealized warriors--of 16 different types! Our team works with tridents and nets, Thracian daggers and bucklers, heavy armor and short swords, no armor and long swords. Just like gladiators, they start with wooden weapons and progress to the real thing. But did the extraordinary styles and skills developed in the arena have any practical purpose? CC [TV PG]
9:00 The Hunt for the Lost Squadron. In WWII, the U.S. used a North Atlantic overland route to ferry fighter planes to the Europe. On one such mission, a squadron of six P-38s and B-17s flew into a building storm en route to Iceland. The pilots became disoriented, flew for hours through whiteout conditions, and were finally forced to turn back and crash-land on a barren glacial icecap somewhere in Greenland. Eleven days later, the nearly frozen crew was rescued--the new planes were left behind and nearly forgotten...until now. CC [TV PG]
10:30 Alaska's Bermuda Triangle. There's something about Alaska that the tourist bureau doesn't want you to know. In Alaska, people, planes, and ships disappear. Suddenly, inexplicably, and permanently! Natives say that shape-shifting spirits kidnap lost travelers. Scientists tell o f giant crevasses that swallow the unwary. Others tell of conspiracies to wreck aircraft. We take a detailed look at the 1972 incident that confounded the U.S. military, when an airplane carrying two U.S. Congressmen vanished between Anchorage and Juneau. CC [TV G]
11:30 The Wrath of God. Death in the Potomac: The Crash of Flight 90. Every winter, planes face an insidious threat: ice! A thin coating of ice on the wings, which can form in seconds, can interfere with the lift necessary for take-off. Such was the case on January 13, 1982, when Air Florida Flight 90 left Washington, D.C., en route to Tampa. This is the story of the harrowing crash. CC [TV G]

8:00 Saddam's Bombmaker. There's one important defector from Iraq who lived to tell his story--Dr. Khidir Hamza, who spent 20 years developing Iraq's atomic weapons program. Based on a book he co- wrote with Jeff Stein, "Saddam's Bombmaker: The Terrifying Inside Story of the Iraqi Nuclear and Biological Weapons Agenda", Hamza paints an unprecedented portrait of Hussein--his women, drunken rages, murder of underlings, and unrivaled power--and talks of his harrowing escape and first encounter with skeptical CIA agents. CC [TV PG]
9:00 The Guns That Tamed the West. The story of how Colt, Remington, and Smith & Wesson became the weapons that truly won the West. [TV G]
10:00 Twin Towers of the East. Rising almost 1,500 feet high, the Petronas Twin Towers in Malaysia were named the world's tallest in 1996 by the Council on Tall Buildings. Connecticut architect Cesar Pelli blended traditional Islamic motifs with the modern skyscraper to create a beacon to the new Asia. Join us as we tour this gateway to the East, an engineering marvel involving experts from around the globe and the determination of Prime Minister Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad to transform his country into a 21st-century power. CC [TV G]
11:00 Infamous Murders. Murdered on Duty. Murdering a police officer on duty is considered particular ly brutal and fellow officers will not rest until the killer is apprehended. We look at three such examples. In 1993, Katherine Anne Power was charged with killing Officer Walter H. Schroeder, a crime that had taken place 23 years earlier when she was a radical student at Boston's Brandeis University. Next, we examine the 1966 murders of Officers David Wombwell, David Head, and Gregory Fox in London, and Officer Raymond Purdey in London in 1959. CC [TV PG]
11:30 Infamous Murders. Murder in Cold Blood. Murder in cold blood, without explanation or reason, is the worst kind of murder as we see in the three cases examined here. First, we look at the murders of at least 24 local drifters, mostly Mexican immigrants, in California by Juan Corona, who was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1971. Then, we see how Dennis Nilsen, sentenced to life in 1983, murdered at least 15 young gay men in London. Finally, we look at the horrific Atlanta Child Murders and the conviction of Wayne Williams in 1982. CC [TV PG]

8:00 Area 51: Beyond Top Secret. Born during the Cold War, Area 51 in Nevada, also known as Groom Lake or Dreamland, became not only the Air Force's most strategic test site, but also a symbol of everything that was sneaky about the U.S. military-industrial- intelligence complex. In recent years, UFO investigators claimed that the top-secret planes tested there were built with technology gleaned from captured alien aircraft. We uncover the secrets of the cryptic desert facility and look into mysterious deaths of base workers. CC [TV G]
9:00 Jesse James: Fact and Fiction. In Missouri, there is a grave marked Jesse James, but do the remains of the famed frontier outlaw really lie there? This program examines the scientific evidence and the controversy. We'll also meet some of Jesse's descendants who avail themselves for DNA testing to finally lay the mystery to rest. CC [TV G]
10:00 World's Biggest Machines. Join us for a look at the biggest, heaviest , tallest, longest, meanest machines on the planet! We'll see what these monsters do and how they operate, and how they're designed and assembled. Machines investigated include the largest draglines, excavators used in mining; the biggest dump truck; a front- end loader with an 80-ton bucket and the largest tires of any vehicle; the cruise ship, The Voyager of the Seas; a 240-foot tall wind generator; and a fusion reaction machine the size of a football field. CC [TV G]
11:00 San Quentin. Step inside San Quentin--California's oldest and best-known prison, which contains the state's only gas chamber and is home to Charles Manson. Made necessary by Gold Rush lawlessness, and built in 1852 by inmates housed on a prison ship, its violent history is rife with riots. CC [TV PG]

8:00 Lost City of Atlantis. The ancient Greek philosopher Plato wrote about the fabled missing continent. Even South American Indian legend told of a similar tale. Did a highly civilized and technologically advanced people disappear with their secrets at the bottom of the sea, or is Atlantis merely myth? CC [TV G]
9:00 U.S. Marshals. The Old West. In the frontier days, marshals achieved their greatest fame as they pursued notorious outlaws and became the stuff of legend. But the myth has often obscured the true men. Meet the real Wild Bill Hickok and Wyatt Earp, known to walk on both sides of the law, and revisit the Lincoln County War, where lawmen faced off against lawmen. CC [TV PG]
10:00 The Mackinac Bridge. Until recently, the Mackinac Bridge was the longest suspension bridge in the world. One of the top engineering marvels of the 20th century, the bridge spans the 4-mile wide straits of Mackinac, where Lakes Huron and Michigan come together. The Mighty Mac connects the pastoral northern mainland of Michigan with the state's heavily forested Upper Peninsula and stands as a testament to the dreams, determination, and hard work of a small few who created a true masterpiece of modern engineering. CC [TV G]
11:00 Infamous Murders. Inheritance Killers. In 1985, Steven Benson, a 33-year-old Florida businessman, was arrested for the murder of his mother, his nephew, and the attempted murder of his sister. In September 1985, at his parents' farmhouse in the Essex countryside of England, Jeremy Bamber was arrested for the murder of his parents, his sister, and her twin 6-year-old sons. Finally, we look at the murder of Jose and Kitty Menendez by their two sons, Lyle and Erik. What links all of these heinous crimes? Inheritance! CC [TV PG]
11:30 Infamous Murders. Society Murders. Looks at three brutal killings in the highest echelons of society. In 1955 in Long Island, wealthy racehorse owner William Woodward was shot and killed by his wife who claimed she mistook him for a prowler. Was it really an accident? In 1974, British aristocrat Lord Lucan disappeared on the same night his children's nanny was murdered in the home of his former wife. Did he mistake the nanny for his wife? And we look at the 1943 murder of Sir Harry Oakes in the Bahamas, which remains unsolved. CC [TV PG]

8:00 The Real Cowboy: Portrait of an American Icon. Award- winning journalist Bill Kurtis is joined by a team of historians and celebrities in a 2-hour special devoted to an authentic depiction of the true American cowboy--a common laborer who worked from his horse. Cowboy actors Richard Farnsworth and Harry Carey Jr. help reveal the difference between a Hollywood cowboy and the real thing. From the Spanish vaquero to Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show and beyond, the evolution of the noble horseman unfolds, covering almost 300 years. CC [TV G]
10:00 The St. Louis Arch. It is a majestic structure that rises boldly over the Mississippi river--40,000 tons of steel and concrete that create the biggest arch of its kind in the world. Nothing like it had ever been built before, nor attempted since. We'll see how its simple and elegant form results from remarkab le achievements in construction and engineering. CC [TV G]
11:00 True Crime. Black Mass. John Connolly and James "Whitey" Bulger grew up together on the streets of South Boston. Decades later, in the mid-1970s, they would meet again: Connolly, now a major figure in the FBI, and Whitey, the godfather of the Irish Mob. Their reconnection led to murder, drug dealing, and the biggest informant scandal in the history of the FBI. Compellingly told by Dick Lehr and Gerard O'Neill, best-selling authors of "Black Mass" and "Boston Globe" reporters. CC [TV PG]

8:00 Apocalypse. A look at the prophesies and symbolism in the Book of Revelation, the last book of the New Testament, which contains the futuristic final showdown between God and Satan. Filled with fiery visions, cryptic numbers, and strange beasts, it's perhaps the Scripture's most puzzling book. With the ancient city of Megiddo as a backdrop--thought to be the site of the Battle of Armageddon--the program explores the Seven Seals, the Four Horsemen, and asks why only 144,000 souls will reach the Kingdom of God. CC [TV G]
9:00 The Shroud of Turin. The Shroud of Turin has long mystified the world, pitting the faithful against science. Is the ghostly image impressed on a burial cloth truly Jesus? A 1988 radiocarbon test dated it to between 1260 and 1390 AD. But recent studies question the test's validity, and scientists are still unable to explain how the image got there. CC [TV G]
10:00 Hadrian's Wall. 74-miles long and 2,000 years old, Hadrian's Wall winds over the hills and valleys of Northern England, marking the northernmost extent of a long-dead empire. Built of stone and mortar by Roman soldiers, it is the most significant Roman ruin in England. Ordered built by the Emperor Hadrian around the time of his visit in 122 AD, it was more a permanent demarcation and less a defensive barrier. We'll visit this archaeological treasure, which teaches us much of what the Roman era was like for Britain. CC [TV G]
11:00 The History of Sex. Ancient Civilizations. In this hour, we study sex in the ancient world--from Mesopotamians, who viewed adultery as a crime of theft, to Romans, who believed that squatting and sneezing after sex was reliable birth control. We also look at revealing Egyptian and Greek practices--from the origins of dildos to the use of crocodile dung as a contraceptive. CC [TV 14]

8:00 James: Brother of Jesus? Has historical evidence for the existence of Jesus come to light, literally written in stone? An ossuary, a box that holds bones, was uncovered among the relics of a private collector in Jerusalem. It bears an amazing Aramaic inscription, "James, son of Joseph, brother of Jesus." Hosted by Friar Ken Deasy, we delve into the ossuary's discovery, dated to 63 AD, and interview religious scholars, archaeologists, and paleontologists about its authenticity and significance and the controversy it is stirring. CC [TV G]

9:00 Dead Reckoning. Left at the Scene. In a series that presents forensic crime history by making technology the star, we see how scientific crime techniques solved difficult cases. In 1994, Rhonda Maloney was abducted and raped by Robert Harlan in Thornton, Colorado. We re-trace 7 days of Thornton Crime Scene Investigator Bob Lloyd--from the abduction to arrest to autopsy--as he methodically worked several crime scenes. Then, we watch Senior Crime Investigator Don Sollars finally solve the murder of 78-year-old Frida Winters. CC [TV PG]
10:00 Dead Reckoning. Bullets and Blood. An exploration of two 1992 cases that took place in Colorado--the murders of a well-to-do couple, Kermode and Pamela Jordan and the murder of State Trooper Lyle Wohlers. Both cases were solved by the Colorado Bureau of Investigation's forensics lab, using sophisticated fingerprinting, bullet trajectory, and blood-splatter analysis techniques. CC [TV PG]
11:00 The Color of War. To Hell and Back: The 351st Bomb Group. In 1943, General " Hap" Arnold, dispatched a film crew to document the day-to-day lives and missions of an elite bomber group--the 351st. The ensuing footage, in full color, provides an unprecedented look at the men and their grueling combat missions from 1943 to mid-1945. Made with the cooperation of the 351st Bomb Group Association, highlights include footage of pilot and actor Clark Cable and firsthand accounts from pilots and crewmembers commenting on the ensuing action on film. CC [TV PG]

8:00 Mail Call. Self-Propelled Artillery/Matchlock Musket/Airships/Blue Angels/Pirate Weapons/Depth Charges. If self- propelled artillery is much more maneuverable than towed artillery, why isn't all artillery self-propelled? How does a matchlock musket work? Did the U.S. Navy really use airships as floating aircraft carriers? How does the Navy select pilots for their elite precision flying team, the Blue Angels? What type of weapons did pirates use? How do depth charges work? R. Lee Ermey and military experts in the field answer these questions with brief demonstrations. CC [TV PG]
8:30 Mail Call. Tank/Gatling Gun/Samurai Sword. R. Lee Ermey, who played the sergeant in "Full Metal Jacket", applies his gruff sense of humor in this half-hour series that answers viewers' mail about what the armed forces were, and really are, like! Shot on location, Ermey reads the questions on air and then sends them out to military experts in the field for answers and brief demonstrations. In this episode, he finds out how to steer the WWII tank M5A1 (the Stuart); how fast a Gatling gun can fire; and why the samurai sword is so powerful. CC [TV PG]
9:00 Dead Reckoning. Body Clues. A hardware storeowner found brutally murdered in his home. In bed, a mother stabbed to death while her children lay down the hall. When the Colorado Bureau of Investigation's forensics team arrives on a murder scene, there's often scant evidence with which to work. Mysterious markings on the skin, blood splatter in an unsusp ected location, a hidden fiber nearly invisible to the eye. Watch as scattered, sparse clues add up and investigators piece together the real stories behind these hideous crimes. CC [TV PG]
10:00 Dead Reckoning. The Body Searchers. Focusing on the work of an unusual forensics organization based in Colorado, NecroSearch is made up of forensic anthropologists, archaeologists, botanists, geologists, thermographers, geophysicists, criminalists, and bloodhound handlers who pool their resources and talents to help law enforcement agencies find clandestine graves and recover the evidence found there. As two cases unfold, we see how NecroSearch works, while treating an exhumation like an archaeological dig. CC [TV PG]
11:00 Perfect Crimes? Nickell/Taylor. When Stella Nickel inserted rat poison in her husband's Excedrin gelcaps, she got away with murder...until she got greedy. Next, we examine the evidence surrounding the 1922 unsolved murder of film director William Desmond Taylor, which revealed the seamier side of Hollywood. CC [TV PG]

8:00 The Battle for Berlin. After years of Nazi atrocities, when Berlin capitulated in May 1945, German civilians fell victim to rape, looting, and pillaging by the Red Army victors. What motivated the Russian onslaught against the fanatically defended city? In 1999, acclaimed British military historian Anthony Beevor began a systematic examination of this final chapter in the Third Reich's history, and uncovered shocking new evidence about why Stalin really wanted to be the first of the Allies to conquer Berlin. CC [TV PG]
9:00 The Aircraft Carrier. The dramatic story of how the Essex- class aircraft carriers rose like a phoenix after the Pacific Fleet's destruction at Pearl Harbor. Weighing in at over 27,000 tons, and over 800 feet in length, they were known as floating cities--and the spearhead of every naval battle in the Pacific Theater of War. Despite their huge size, each carrier was terrifyingly vulnerable, hold ing tens of thousands of gallons of fuel. Though the target of kamikaze assaults, no carrier was sunk by the Japanese. CC [TV G]
10:00 Bullet Trains. Traveling between 135 and 190 miles per hour with an astonishingly high safety record, bullet trains can be found throughout Europe, Japan, and on the U.S. eastern seaboard. How high-speed trains are propelled is rooted in fundamentals that haven't changed since the first electric trolleys appeared in the 19th century. We see how scientists are looking at new alternatives to electricity, including magnetic levitation that can move passenger trains 345 miles per hour and beyond! CC [TV G]
11:00 Infamous Murders. Deadly Ladies. Examines three examples of women who proved just as capable of heinous crime as a man! First up, Kate Barker, better known as Ma, who led a gang of bank robbers and kidnappers until killed in a fierce firefight with the FBI in 1935. Then, we examine the case of Velma Barfield, found guilty in 1978 of murdering her fiance by poisoning him with arsenic. She confessed to killing four others the same way before execution. Finally, we look at the trial and execution of pickax murderer Karla Faye Tucker. CC [TV PG]
11:30 Infamous Murders. Political Assassinations. A look at murders that were committed in order to change a country's policies or to shape world events: the 1968 assassination of Senator Robert F. Kennedy; the 1978 murder of Aldo Moro, the leader of the Italian Christian Democrats and a former Prime Minister; and the 1948 killing of Mahatama Gandhi. CC [TV PG]

8:00 Ghost Ships. Ships sailing without a crew? Phantom destroyers? Boats that disappear, then reappear? The Flying Dutchman, the Mary Celeste, the Dash, the Teazer, and the more recent Joyita--crews of these vessels vanished without a clue to their fates. We travel the seven seas seeking answers and hear from witnesses to the bizarre events. CC [TV G]
9:00 P-51 Mustang! Originally built for the RAF, the US AAF's P-51 Mustang became one of the greatest fighter planes ever to be built and took on the worst that the Luftwaffe had to offer. The pilots of the 8th Air Force dramatically turned the tide of the air war in Europe when they saved the daylight bombing campaign over Nazi-occupied Europe by flying escort. We take you inside the cockpit of the "Cadillac of the Skies" to experience firsthand the terrifying reality of aerial combat over Berlin in WWII. CC [TV G]
10:00 The Junkyard. It's the place where one man's trash is truly another man's treasure. Enter the strange and mysterious world of the junkyard, where many pieces actually do add up to a whole. Uncover how junkyard operators create order out of seemingly random piles of junk. CC [TV G]
11:00 The Mafia at War. Rare film footage and exclusive interviews recall the bloody history of New York's crime family bosses--from Lucky Luciano's assassination of his boss Joe Masseria to the murder of Big Paul Castellano by his lieutenant John Gotti. CC [TV PG]

8:00 Ancient Aliens. Since the dawn of time, stargazers have looked to the sky wondering if earth has had heavenly visitors. Scientists investigate ancient ruins, artifacts, and texts from around the world exploring the possibility of previous extraterrestrial visits and the plausibility of future stopovers! CC [TV G]
9:00 M1 Abrams: Supertank! Join us as we penetrate the history of the world's most sophisticated tank--the M1 Abrams Main Battle Tank. In the most radical departure in U.S. tank design since WWII, the Supertank combines speed, heavy protective armor, and a fearsome 120mm main gun. In February 1991, the new and unproven Abrams tank was rapidly deployed on the frontline of Operation Desert Storm. Using night vision and laser targeting, the M1 Abrams tank destroyed the cream of Saddam Hussein's armored Republican Guard. CC [TV G]
10:00 Towing. Think you know towing? As simple as engaging a tow man when your car is stalled? Fro m mighty tugboats that guide massive ships safely into port to dizzying roller coasters that send cars careening up and down hills, to funicular railroads that climb mountainsides, when it comes to towing, being a "drag" was never so good! We also watch as a 125-year-old church is towed on the back of a flat-bed truck, and rocket towards space as we're towed 20,000 feet- high behind a 747! CC [TV G]
11:00 Infamous Murders: Murder in High Office. People elected to high office run the risk of attack. A determined assassin will do anything to reach the target. In 1981, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was killed when fully armed soldiers jumped out of a truck during a military review in Cairo, fired guns at him, and threw grenades into the crowd. In 1995, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was shot and killed at a peace rally in Tel Aviv. And in 1966, South African Prime Minister Dr. Hendrik Verwoerd was killed by a man wielding a long sword. CC [TV PG]
11:30 Infamous Murders: Murder by Decree. Throughout history, murder has been used to silence people considered a dangerous influence or because they have threatened to expose greed and corruption in high places. We look at the 1968 assassination of Martin Luther King Jr., the 1978 political assassination of Bulgarian writer and broadcaster Georgi Markov, and the 1970 murder-for-hire of mining activist Joseph "Jock" Yablonski, his wife Margaret, and 25-year-old daughter Charlotte. CC [TV PG]

8:00 Assassinations: TWIH. Host Josh Binswanger heads to Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C. for a show that uncovers the controversies, conspiracy theories, and incontrovertible facts of American assassinations. At Ford's Theater, where President Lincoln was shot, Josh recreates the events of that evening as he walks us through the hallowed site. He also examines the assassinations of John and Robert Kennedy, the murder of Jack Ruby, and explores conspiracy theories about the murder of Martin Luther King Jr. CC [TV G ]
9:00 Catalina Patrol! Go on patrol and into action with the PBY Catalina flying boat--known as the "Cat"--one of the truly great aircraft designs. Introduced in 1935 as a long-range patrol aircraft, it was becoming obsolete when America entered WWII. But, easy to manufacture in large numbers, the Cat continued in production and excelled in almost every theater of war. The legendary "Black Cat" squadrons won fame as night bombers in the battles of the Solomon Islands. CC [TV G]
10:00 Jet Engines. Strap on a parachute and soar through the saga of jet propulsion, which radically transformed our world since inception in WWII--from the Nazi's first jet-powered aircraft to the U.S. F-22 jet fighter, from the Concorde to tomorrow's scram-jet, a hypersonic transport plane that switches to rocket power outside earth's atmosphere! CC [TV G]
11:00 Hangars. Come in for a smooth landing as we explore the history of hangars--stark, massive structures that house and protect flight vehicles. We visit the first hangar, built on a German lake; Boeing's Delta Four rocket hangar; Hangar Number One in Lakehust, New Jersey, that housed all U.S. airships built in the 1920s and '30s; and the Space Shuttle's hangar--as big as four Chicago skyscrapers! Back in Germany, Cargolifter's mammoth hangar, big enough to enclose the Superdome, signals the rebirth of an industry. CC [TV G]

8:00 "The Big Red One" (1980 movie). This great war movie stars Lee Marvin as a tough sergeant leading his "wetnose" young troops through World War II. Based on the real-life war experiences of director Samuel Fuller. With Mark Hamill and Robert Carradine, CC [TV PG]
10:00 The True Story of the Big Red One. Pitting Hollywood fiction against historical fact, we'll examine the reality behind Samuel Fuller's great war movie "The Big Red One". Based upon Fuller's own World War II experiences, the film starred Lee Marvin as the intrepid sergeant of a special infantry squadron in various campaigns of the war. CC [TV G]

8:00 Greatest Raids. Royal Swordfish Take Taranto. On the night of November 11, 1940, 21 biplanes from a Royal Navy aircraft carrier launched a surprise attack on the Italian fleet anchored in Taranto's port. The Italian ships, thought to be virtually immune to air attack, were protected by anti-torpedo nets, and surrounded by barrage balloons and anti-aircraft defenses. But, in less than two hours, the lumbering Swordfish torpedo bombers were able to sink or disable three battleships and several cruisers, and severely damage port installations. CC [TV PG]
9:00 Liberty Convoy. Introduced as disposable supply ships, FDR's "ugly ducklings" formed a "bridge of liberty" over the North Atlantic. Always in the front lines, the prefabricated freighters delivered the supplies needed by the Allies for the invasion of Europe in 1944. We dive deep below the waterline to reveal the terror of being hunted by Hitler's U-boats and the bravery of crews that risked their lives to deliver men and materiel to defeat Nazi forces. Produced in association with England's Imperial War Museum. CC [TV G]
10:00 Mail Call. R. Lee Ermey, who played the sergeant in "Full Metal Jacket", applies his gruff sense of humor in this half-hour series that answers viewers' mail about what the armed forces were, and really are, like! Shot on location, Ermey reads the questions on air and then sends them out to military experts in the field for answers and brief demonstrations. CC [TV PG]
10:30 Conquest. Swords of the Musketeers. The classic cut-and- thrust of the Hollywood movies had a basis in reality. The cup-hilt rapier, with its light and flexible blade, did not require a left-hand dagger for defense. This was the sword of the French Musketeers and of the Spanish Conquistadors--the most feared swordsmen in Europe. Our team shows how the art and sport of fencing began with this weapon, and compares the reality of the weapon with the myth of its use. Hosted by actor and fight master Peter Woodward. CC [TV PG]
11:00 The Color of War. Air War. Of all the assignments a serviceman might find himself undertaking in WWII, flying seemed to offer the greatest promise of glory. What was not initially apparent was that flying would become the most dangerous job of the war. A flyer had less chance of survival than any other serviceman in any other branch of the military. Peter Coyote narrates this compelling look at the air war through the eyes of those who lived it, with rare color footage and interviews with Army Air Corps and RAF veterans. CC [TV PG]

8:00 Mail Call. The Pilum/WWII Radios/First Rockets. Ermey demonstrates the effectiveness of the ancient Roman pilum, designed to penetrate armor and punch through shields; handles WWII army radios; and reviews how rockets were first used on battlefields. CC [TV PG]
8:30 Conquest. Bow & Arrow. One of man's earliest effective hunting weapons, we learn why the bow and arrow became so dominant in history. Our combat team is sent to the woods to make their own as we study the craft of the bowyer and fletcher. We learn about Egyptian bows and try to fire accurately from an Egyptian chariot, and experiment with North American Indian bows--composite bows of horn and wood. And reenactors, using rubber-tipped arrows, recreate what it was actually like to be subjected to a "cloud of arrows". CC [TV PG]
9:00 A Short History of Ireland. Based on the book by the same name, this lyrical treatment of Irish history is revealed through stunning photography of its lush countryside and reenactments of historic events--from the ancient Celts to the Williamite War, and onto the bloody Easter Rising and the life of the revolutionary Michael Collins. (1.5-hour version) CC [TV G]
10:30 Celebrating the Green: The History of Saint Patrick's Day. In Ireland, March 17th is a feast day honoring the bishop who Christianized the island; but in America it's a boisterous celebration of Irish heritage. We'll march up New York City's Fifth Avenue with over 150,000 celebrants at the largest and oldest parade on the day all Americans are Irish. With Andrew Greeley and Frank McCourt. CC [TV G]
11:30 The Making of "Napoleon". A behind-the-scene look at the production of A&E's original six-hour miniseries of the legendary French leader. The sweeping bio-drama stars John Malkovich, Isabella Rosselini, Gerard Depardieu, Anouk Aimee, and Christian Clavier as Napoleon, and was filmed in France, Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Canada, and the island of Saint Helena, where Napoleon died. CC [TV G]

8:00 The Nazi Plan to Bomb New York. Aviation historian David Myhra has been investigating secret German aircraft projects for more than 20 years, and has uncovered evidence of a diabolical Nazi plan to deliver a radioactive bomb to New York. In late 1944, the "Amerika Bomber" project was planned, and three aerospace designers-- Wernher von Braun, Eugen Sanger, and Reimar Horton--each had a different solution. Through vivid 3D animation, photos, and recreations, these unusual projects are finally revealed! CC [TV G]
9:00 Silent Service. Japanese Submarines. During WWII, the Imperial Japanese Navy maintained a fleet of submarines that included the largest and most powerful underwater weapons the world had yet seen. From giant aircraft-carrying submarines to the smallest human- driven suicide torpedoes, Japan fought and lost a war of desperation. Their one goal--to destroy the U.S. fleet. In almost four years of war, they would achieve numerous victories and claim thousands of American lives, but we see how, in the end, the hunters became the hunted. CC [TV G]
10:00 Army Corps of Engineers. Made up of soldiers and civilians, scientists and specialists in an enormous variety of fields, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers was created over 200 years ago by Congressional mandate to respond, in peace and war, to the nation's engineering needs. The world's premier engineering and research and development agency, the Corps has blown up, excavated, grated, dredged, and re-molded the shape of our continent as we pushed to expand the nation and harness the forces of nature! CC [TV G]
11:00 Infamous Murders: Angels of Death. Nurses work tirelessly to comfort those who suffer, so when a murderer appears in their midst, it's all the more shocking. We look at the cases of 35-year-old Donald Harvey in Cincinnati, who admitted to murdering at least 34 patients by injecting cyanide; Orville Lynn Majors, charged with killing six elderly patients by lethal injection--but authorities think she could have been responsible for at least 140 more; and 23-year-old Beverly Allit in England, charged with the deaths of four infants. CC [TV PG]
11:30 Infamous Murders: Somebody Killed the President. The President of the United States has the most powerful job in the world. Even with a round-the-clock guard, there's always the danger that a determined assassin will get through. Since 1865, four presidents have been killed: Abraham Lincoln, 1865; James Garfield, 1881; William McKinley, 1901; and John F. Kennedy, 1963. We examine these White House victims. CC [TV PG]

8:00 The True Story of Rasputin. A Siberian peasant rises to power in Czarist Russia, becomes the close confidante and reputed lover of Empress Alexandra, scandalizes the country with his drinking and womanizing, and after being poisoned, shot several times, and submerged in the Neva River's freezing waters, finally dies from drowning! We reveal the truth about the rise of the "Mad Monk" with the hypnotic gaze, using information from the newly uncovered "Rasputin File", a report origina lly prepared by the Russian secret police. CC [TV PG]
9:00 Silent Service. Submarines of Russia. CC [TV G]
10:00 Pickup Trucks. It's an icon that represents freedom and individuality--the venerable pickup truck. For almost a century, it has been part of the American automotive culture. Once a lowly farm vehicle, the pickup has moved from the back roads to main streets. We trace the evolution of the truck from 1918 to the 21st century, and visit truck shows, design studios, and body shops. From the wood-spoke wheels of early models to bad-boy concept trucks of tomorrow, you're in for a wild ride! CC [TV G]
11:00 Tales of the FBI: Operation Solo. Morris Childs, born in Russia in 1902, immigrated to the U.S. as a boy and grew into one of the American Communist Party's most important leaders--and the FBI's single most valuable source of information against the Soviets. So secret was his operation that even U.S. Presidents didn't know his identity. CC [TV PG]

8:00 The Search for Noah's Ark. The great flood that destroyed the world except for Noah, his family, and herd would probably be dismissed as legend--if not for other ancient evidence suggesting the presence of a once-massive flood. Instead, the search for Noah's Ark continues to this day--one of the most controversial searches for one of the largest items described in the Bible. We'll examine evidence of those who claim to have found proof of the Ark, and visit Mt. Ararat and other targeted sites for the landing of the Ark. CC [TV G]
9:00 Silent Service: Deterrence from the Deep. The story of the Navy's ballistic missile submarines or "Boomers"--from origin in the 1950s to preeminent status in the U.S. strategic nuclear deterrent forces. Today's Ohio class subs are the most lethal warships ever created. We also look at the Fleet Ballistic Missile--from the first generation Polaris to the Trident II. Behind the scenes, we examine the command and control mechanisms and the complex authentica tion procedures required to release one, or all 24, of the sub's nuclear missiles. CC [TV G]
10:00 Camouflage. From ancient hunters' camouflage to computer- generated digital pattern uniforms, we uncover the past, present, and future of deception through disguise. During an ambush exercise by U.S. Marines, we learn that camouflage came from natural coloration and patterns of flora and fauna. The art of military camouflage took off in WWI with the use of the airplane, when the French learnt to hide from "eyes in the sky". It's a world of shadows and smoke, where even cities disappear through disguise. CC [TV G]
11:00 Infamous Murders: Murdering Conmen. A look at three cases of men prepared to murder others for money. First, we examine the case of Raymond Fernandez, who found women through Lonely Hearts ads in New York papers in the mid-1940s, then poisoned them. Next, we move to London in the 1970s, where Mr. and Mrs. Scott-Elliot were murdered by their newly employed butler and his friend, a small- time crook. Finally, we look at the long criminal history of Donald Merrett, who committed suicide after murdering his wife and mother-in- law. CC [TV PG]
11:30 Infamous Murders: Premeditated Murder. Premeditated murder is planned to the last detail, but even the smallest error can lead to capture. In 1927, 9-year-old Lorraine Snyder discovered her mother Ruth bound and gagged outside her bedroom door, and her father Alfred sprawled across the bed, battered and strangled. But it was Ruth and her lover who murdered Alfred for his life insurance, then attempted to make it look like robbery. Next, we look at the murder of John Lennon by Mark Chapman in 1980, and the case of Leopold and Loeb from 1924. CC [TV PG]

8:00 The Harry Awards 2003. In The History Channel's homage to Hollywood, we award our very own "Harry" to the film that contributed the most to the public's understanding and appreciation of history. The award is named for Herodotus, the Father of History. Includes clips and interviews with many of the actors and directors from this year's nominated films, which will be named at a later date. CC [TV G]
9:00 Gangs of New York. Find out what's history and what's Hollywood as our experts examine Martin Scorsese's "Gangs of New York". Set against the backdrop of the infamous Five Points, an area of Manhattan formerly described as the world's worst slum, the film focuses on the powerful Irish and Italian gangs. Scorsese takes host Josh Binswanger on a tour of what was once Five Points, where outlaws, crooked cops, and corrupt politicians flourished in the 1800s. Includes interviews with Leonardo DiCaprio and Cameron Diaz. CC [TV G]
10:00 Ku Klux Klan: A Secret History. Kneeling before a flaming cross, Klansmen and women take part in their sacred bonding, showing how secrecy and ritual aid the hooded order in a campaign for white supremacy. From its birth in 1866's Reconstruction South to a 1996 rally, this chronicle of hate talks to Julian Bond, Morris Dees Jr., the Grand Dragon, and Imperial Wizard. CC [TV PG-L]

8:00 Battle Group: Halsey. Audacious, gruff, and the U.S. Navy's ultimate warrior, Admiral "Bull" Halsey led his naval forces to victory in the Pacific Theater of War, destroying a large part of the Imperial Japanese Navy in WWII. His daring leadership inspired the sailors he commanded, and the enemy feared his very presence. Some say he was the finest U.S. naval leader since John Paul Jones. In this 2-hour special we'll meet the man and explore his battles, talking with officers and men who served under him. CC [TV G]
10:00 A Brief History of Wine. Its virtues were extolled in Genesis, and archaeologists say wine has been part of human history for at least 7,000 years. In a 2-hour special, we follow its amazing journey from ancient times to the present, from accidental discovery to today's high-tech wineries, from Thomas Jefferson's failed attempts to grow vines in Virginia to Am erican insects that nearly wiped out the world's wine industry. Shot on location around the world, we see why wine has always been history's drink of choice. CC [TV G]

8:00 Tora, Tora, Tora: The Real Story of Pearl Harbor. December 7, 1941, was an historical turning point--the world was forever changed after the fateful Japanese attack against the U.S. fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. It resulted from a combination of interrelated and complicated factors--and at any point, the dangerous operation could have been called off before its commander radioed back the code words "Tora, Tora, Tora" (Tiger, Tiger, Tiger), which meant complete surprise had been achieved. Here is the real story of the "Day of Infamy". CC [TV G]
10:00 Mail Call. R. Lee Ermey, who played the sergeant in "Full Metal Jacket", applies his gruff sense of humor in this half-hour series that answers viewers' mail about what the armed forces were, and really are, like! Shot on location, Ermey reads the questions on air and then sends them out to military experts in the field for answers and brief demonstrations. CC [TV PG]
10:30 Mail Call. Ninja Weapons/Flamethrower/Military Dogs. Ermey learns about the weapons of the Japanese Ninja, used since the 12th century; how flamethrowers work; and what military dogs are trained to do. CC [TV PG]
11:00 Tales of the Gun. Guns of Infamy. Review guns that changed history as we examine the firearms used to assassinate Presidents Kennedy, McKinley, Garfield, and Lincoln, and the gun that triggered WWI when it was used to kill Archduke Ferdinand. We'll also look at candidates for the gun that fired th e "shot heard 'round the world" in the American Revolution. CC [TV G]

8:00 Mail Call. CC [TV PG]
8:30 Mail Call. Grenades/Dog Tags/Dinner in a Pouch. Ermey learns how a grenade works; what purpose dog tags fulfill; and what our GIs eat in the field today (Meals, Ready-to-Eat). CC [TV PG]
9:00 The True Story of Killing Pablo. An exploration of the criminal life of Pablo Escobar that culminated in the largest manhunt in history and the controversial 1993 killing of Escobar on a rooftop in Medellin, Colombia. Based on his book "Killing Pablo: The Hunt for the World's Greatest Outlaw", author Mark Bowden anchors the program, guiding us through pivotal moments of Escobar's life and sharing startling revelations he uncovered during the research for his book. Features interviews with key officials of Colombia and the U.S. CC [TV PG]
11:00 Organized Crime: A World History. Colombia. Is the war on drugs in Colombia winnable? One of South America's most beautiful countries, it's also one of the most dangerous. Since the 1970s, Colombian drug cartels have shipped thousands of tons of cocaine to the U.S. We investigate two of the most successful--the Medellin and Cali Cartels--and the smaller organizations that arose in their demise, whose cocaine and heroin crops and tra fficking airstrips are protected by leftist guerrilla groups for a share of the profit. CC [TV PG]

8:00 Soviet Top Secret Weapons. During the Cold War, much of the Soviet Union's economy went into developing weapons. With paranoia about U.S. technical superiority at a height, even the craziest sounding idea stood a chance--the military-industrial complex incubated ambitious, but often unfeasible weaponry. We focus on the sinking of M-256, which lost 37 submariners, and the Ekranopian, a super-secret flying ship capable of carrying thousands of soldiers or missiles over great distances at high speeds under radar detection. CC [TV G]
9:00 The Magnum. It's known as the most powerful handgun in the world, made famous by Clint Eastwood in the "Dirty Harry" movies. But its origins stretch back more than a century to the Indian Wars of the American West and African safaris, where hunters stalked big game. Join us for a review of the history of the biggest, baddest gun available today--unlimited firepower at the pull of a trigger! CC [TV G]
10:00 The Manhattan Project. At 5:30 a.m., July 16, 1945, scientists and dignitaries awaited the detonation of the first atomic bomb in a desolate area of the New Mexico desert aptly known as Jornada del Muerto--Journey of Death. Dubbed the Manhattan Project, the top- secret undertaking was tackled with unprecedented speed and expense--almost $30-billion in today's money. Los Alamos scientists and engineers relate their trials, triumphs, and dark doubts about building the ultimate weapon of war in the interest of peace. CC [TV G]
11:00 Infamous Murders: Death in the Country. In 1950, Carl and Thelma Mosser picked up a hitchhiker on the Texas/New Mexico border. The next day, William Cook killed the couple, their three children, and dog. Between August 1997 and June 1999, nine people were murdered near country railroads in Kentucky, Texas, and Illinois. Rafael Resendez Ramirez, a Mexican drifter, eluded police before f inally surrendering. And in France, Gaston Dominici, out to shoot vermin, slaughtered a vacationing Sir Jack Drummond, his wife, and daughter instead. CC [TV PG]
11:30 Infamous Murders: Murder for Profit. In 1988, Sacramento police removed a number of bodies from a boardinghouse's backyard. The landlady Dorothy Puente poisoned the deceased and cashed their social security checks. Then, we examine the case of Michael Abdul Malik--Michael X--who ran illegal money-making schemes under the guise of fundraising in Trinidad, and murdered those who got in his way. And a look at John Haigh's unusual money-raising method in 1940s England--meet wealthy people, kill them, and dissolve their bodies in acid! CC [TV PG]

8:00 The Real Captain Bligh. In 1789, after mutiny on the Bounty, William Bligh and 18 others were cast adrift in the vast Pacific. Seven weeks later, Bligh reached safe harbor after sailing an overcrowded rowboat 4,000 miles. Using Bligh's own journals, we recreate the voyage and reveal the negligence of the naval establishment and their contempt for the self-made Bligh. His perfectionism alienated him from his crew, and his closest friend, Fletcher Christian, committed the ultimate betrayal by leading the mutiny against him. Not to be confused with Mutant On The Bounty CC [TV G]
9:00 U.S. Guns of WWII. An examination of the weapons that battled through surf and snow, dense jungle and choking dust...the guns of the American GI. Though WWII introduced instruments that pierced the dark and weapons that released the power of the atom, the infantryman's guns were designed decades before; but in dependability they were unequaled. CC [TV G]
10:00 Japanese Guns of WWII. As Japan bombed its way into the Pacific during WWII, Imperial soldiers carried pride, a sense of invincibility, and an arsenal of clumsy and outdated weapons. Convinced that the tactics and tools that led to victory over colonial enemies would be just as effective against the Allies, Japan would see its weaponry lead to defea t. CC [TV G]
11:00 The Onion Field with Joseph Wambaugh. Explores the terrifying true story of two young cops and two young robbers whose separate destinies fatally crossed one March night in a bizarre execution in a deserted Los Angeles onion field. Joseph Wambaugh, who wrote the famous book, relates the horrifying story in vivid detail. CC [TV PG]

8:00 Pyramids of Giza. By the Old Kingdom's 4th Dynasty, Egyptians expressed their profound concerns for the afterlife in towering monuments for the God-Kings. Journey to Giza, where Khufu built the Great Pyramid and his successors the two smaller pyramids and the enigmatic Great Sphinx, to probe the mysteries of their construction and meaning. CC [TV G]
9:00 Super Guns. An examination of guns that exist on the cutting edge of firearm technology. Fighting battles on computers decades before an actual shot is fired, these super guns may make the world safer...or more dangerous than ever before. CC [TV G]
10:00 Magnets. We played with them as children, but the world of magnets isn't kid's stuff! The pervasive magnet serves as the underpinning for much of modern technology. They can be found in computers, cars, phones, VCRs, TVs, vacuum cleaners, the washer and dryer, the ubiquitous refrigerator magnet, and even in an electric guitar! On the cutting edge of technology, scientists experiment with a variety of magnets. Magnets' amazing forces of attraction and repulsion may take us to the far reaches of outer space. CC [TV G]
11:00 Infamous Murders: Poisoned to Death. Today, poisoners leave a clear trail for forensic scientists to follow. But in the past, poison proved the perfect murder weapon--easy to administer and hard to trace, as we see in the cases examined here: in I922, attorney Major Rowse Armstrong was executed for murdering his wife with arsenic; in 1972, Graham Young was sentenced to life for poisoning co-workers after having killed his mother as a youth; in 1998, Judias Buenoano was e xecuted for killing an ex-boyfriend, ex-husband, and her son! CC [TV PG]
11:30 Infamous Murders: Evidence of Murder. Examines three cases where crucial evidence eventually brought a killer to justice: the 1990 conviction of John List for murdering five members of his family in 1971 after he was featured on "America's Most Wanted"; the 1962 execution of James Hanratty for the murder of Michael Gregston and attempted murder of his lover Valerie Storie in England; and the strange case Donald Hume, who served 12 years for being an accessory to the murder of his business associate in 1949--a murder he later admitted! CC [TV PG]

8:00 Ultimate Sacrifice: TWIH. Host Josh Binswanger heads to Arlington National Cemetery for a show dedicated to Americans who made the ultimate sacrifice--dying for their country and beliefs. Binswanger guides us through the cemetery past the graves of a Vietnam chaplain, a Civil War bugler, and a Korean War soldier whose body only recently found its final resting place. Featured stories include the Tomb of the Unknowns, the Civil War origins of Taps, and the origins of the Purple Heart. CC [TV G]
9:00 Motorcycles. Set the sedan's safety brake and hop on your "hog" for a 2-hour high-speed history of the motorcycle--from the 1868 "steam velocipede" to the early 20th century, when they were a low- cost alternative to automobiles; from Harley-Davidsons preferred by Hell's Angels and police to motocross riders who take bikes into the air and onto the dirt. We also look to the motorcycle's future, featuring Jay Leno's jet-propelled Y2K sportbike and Erik Buell's bike-without-a-gas- tank creation. CC [TV PG]
11:00 Perfect Crimes? Hollywood Robber/Kingsbury Run Murders. In the mid-1990s, when Seattle was plagued by bank robberies, the most feared bandit was the "Hollywood" robber and his band. An enormous task force, including the FBI, teamed up to match wits with one of America's most prolific and luckiest criminals. And in 1935, Cleveland brought in Eliot Ness to fight crime and police corruption. But he was about to do battle with one of the most brutal and devious serial killers in U.S. history, the "Mad Butcher of Kingsbury Run"--a battle Ness eventually lost. CC [TV PG]

8:00 The True Story of Killing Pablo. An exploration of the criminal life of Pablo Escobar that culminated in the largest manhunt in history and the controversial 1993 killing of Escobar on a rooftop in Medellin, Colombia. Based on his book "Killing Pablo: The Hunt for the World's Greatest Outlaw", author Mark Bowden anchors the program, guiding us through pivotal moments of Escobar's life and sharing startling revelations he uncovered during the research for his book. Features interviews with key officials of Colombia and the U.S. CC [TV PG]
10:00 Making a Buck. Making a buck and faking a buck have always gone hand in hand as we see on a 2,600-year journey--from the earliest known counterfeiters of ancient Greece to the latest in anti- counterfeiting technology. In this 2-hour history of a crime as old as money itself and as current as the cash in your wallet, we capture the combination of seriousness and whimsy inherent in the subject through some of counterfeiting's most remarkable stories, schemes, and characters. CC [TV G]

8:00 Greatest Raids. The Adventures of Lawrence of Arabia. In June 1916, after 400 years of oppression, Arabs began a revolt throughout the Arabian Peninsula to win independence from the Turkish Ottoman Empire. The British supported them with arms, money, and the presence of one extraordinary man: 27-year-old military intelligence officer, Captain T.E. Lawrence, who proved to be an inspirational leader and highly skilled at guerrilla warfare in the desert. We reveal the truth behind the myth of Lawrence of Arabia and follow his real wartime exploits. CC [TV PG]
9:00 Tiger Attack! Developed from a desperate need to turn the tide of war in his favor, Adolf Hitler was personally involved in the Tiger Tank, one of history's finest armored fighting vehicles. It was big and bad, and fit the Nazi ideal of a weapon. With detailed color reenactments and interviews, we enter the Tiger's world and meet its crews that fought on every major battlefront in the European Theater. Told from the German point of view, the program is produced in association with the Imperial War Museum, London. CC [TV G]
10:00 Mail Call. CC [TV PG]
10:30 Conquest: Unarmed Combat. Bodies fly through the air as our team follows wrestling techniques painted on the walls of Egyptian tombs, and looks at Greek wrestling, one of the very earliest and most important sports. We learn how the Greeks invented boxing, and how the Romans developed it for use in the arena. Next, we look at the medieval science of unarmed combat known as "gripping". Finally, we examine ancient Eastern methods that used the body as a deadly weapon. Hosted by actor and fight master Peter Woodward. CC [TV PG]
11:00 The Color of War: Battleground. World War Two was truly a global conflict. Allied soldiers fought in all theaters of war, exposing them to an extraordinary diversity of terrain and climate--from the Arctic Circle to desert sands and fetid jungles. An infantryman was engaged in combat for an hour each day on average, but he fought the environment around the clock. The war comes alive through a moving tapestry of letters, diaries, and color film and photographs unearthed from archives and personal collections. Peter Coyote narrates. CC [TV PG]

8:00 Mail Call. CC [TV PG]
8:30 Conquest: Swords of the Musketeers. The classic cut-and- thrust of the Hollywood movies had a basis in reality. The cup-hilt rapier, with its light and flexible blade, did not require a left-hand dagger for defense. This was the sword of the French Musketeers and of the Spanish Conquistadors--the most feared swordsmen in Europe. Our team shows how the art and sport of fencing began with this weapon, and compares the reality of the weapon with the myth of its use. Hosted by actor and fight master Peter Woodward. CC [TV PG]
9:00 Killer Storm. October 1991--an unpredicted monster storm ravaged the U.S. Atlantic coast, unleashing its fury on land and sea. Unique in destructive power and as a 100-Year Meteorological Event, its 114-hour rampage posed daunting challenges to weather forecasting, emergency warning agencies, and search and rescue teams. CC [TV G]
11:00 The Wrath of God "Tornadoes: Super Outbreaks." Coils of terror twisting out of the heavens to lash earth, tornadoes hit the U.S. more than any other country. Never have they struck with such frequency or ferocity as on April 3 and 4, 1974. In just under 18 hours, 148 tornadoes ravaged parts of the Midwest and South, killing 315 people across 13 states. CC [TV G]

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* Congressman Gary Condit (D), who reportedly told police he'd had an affair with Levy, is no longer considered to be a suspect in the case. Condit lost his bid for re-election in the Democratic Primary of 2002.

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