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The History Channel

Primetime Programming Schedule

Listings For This Month (schedules available after the 1st)

NOTE: We are listing both EST/Pacific Time and individual television ratings. [NR] = Not Rated, news-related program.

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8:00 Who Wrote the Bible? What are the origins of the Bible? Who actually
wrote it? We'll explore possible answers with visits to Egypt, the Galilee, 
the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, and the caves of Qumran, where the Dead Sea 
Scrolls were discovered. A 3-hour special presentation. CC [TV G] 

11:00 Prophecies. From the ancient Greek's ominous Oracle at Delphi to the 
Renaissance's revered Nostradamus, civilizations have sought their future 
through the mouths of prophets. Decide if the uncanny and often accurate 
predictions from the past are really foretelling our future, or if it is all 
hocus-pocus. CC [TV G] 


8:00 Hands on History. Fire Trucks. As they go about the business of saving 
lives, firefighters trust their saftey to the security and performance of 
their fire truck. Host Ron Hazelton follows the evolution of fire trucks all 
the way from the horse-drawn steamers of a century ago to the state-of-the- 
art aerial apparatus used today. CC [TV G] 

8:30 Hands on History. Cable Cars. Climb aboard as Ron Hazelton drives a 
cable car through the streets and history of San Francisco. At a steady rate 
of 9-1/2 miles per hour, cable cars travel up and down the steep hills. Each 
of the 40 cars is a moving museum, an artifact of a bygone era. At one time, 
more than 35 cities across the globe used cable cars. But today, they only 
run in San Francisco--the city in which they were born on August 2, 1873. CC 
[TV G] 

9:00 UFOs vs. the Government. Looks at four reported sightings of UFOs. 
Includes interviews with experts who insist the sightings are credible, and 
others who offer evidence that the witnesses really saw something else. CC 
[TV G] 

10:00 Air Shows. From barnstormers to Blue Angels, antique aircraft to 
supersonic jets, each year there are an astonishing 425 air shows in America 
alone, entertaining over 18-million spectators. From futuristic festivals to 
billion-dollar expos, we explore the world of amazing aerobatics and their 
ever-evolving aircraft and see how aviation technology has affected air shows- 
-and how air shows have advanced aviation. Find out why these high-flying 
events are second only to baseball as America's favorite family event. CC 
[TV G] 

11:00 The Search for Life on Mars. Throughout history, our planetary next- 
door neighbor Mars has captured our imagination--from little green men 
to "man-made" canals and satellite photos revealing a giant "face". As one of 
the most likely spots in our solar system where some form of life may exist 
or have existed, we have spent billions on missions designed to disclose the 
red planet's tightly-held secrets. We'll trace man's journey of discovery of 
this fascinating planet, and focus on NASA's great successes and 
heartbreaking failures. CC [TV G] 


8:00 Dangerous Missions. Tank Crews. During WWII, American tank crews duked 
it out with Nazi Panzers in a high-explosive duel to the death. The German 
tanks had thicker armor and better guns than the mainstay of the U.S. armored 
forces, the M-4 Sherman. For many crewmen, the Sherman lived up to its 
nickname as a steel coffin. But what the tanks lacked in firepower and 
protection, the crews made up for in guts and good old-fashioned Yankee 
ingenuity. We'll meet some of these armored warriors from WWII. CC [TV PG] 

9:00 UFOs: Testing the Evidence. Looks at the possibility of alien contact 
through the eyes of the ufologists, scientists, and religious theologians, 
and examines cases of reported contact. Visits the Vatican Observatory in 
southern Arizona, and an ancient Hohokam observatory with 2,000-year-old 
pictographs that show that early man did see something unusual in the skies. 
CC [TV G] 

10:00 Secret Life of the Crash Test Dummy. The crash test dummy, patron 
saint of vulnerable motorists, has become a modern icon and is a potent 
symbol of safety in a risk-obsessed age. But what's the real story behind 
this blank-faced semi-human? From a case of mistaken identity in the Roswell 
UFO incident, to the U.S. military's top-secret research and development 
programs of the 1950s, to a series of highly sensitive experiments on humans, 
animals, and corpses, we chart the bizarre and often gruesome life of this 
mechanical humanoid. CC [TV PG] 

11:00 Where Is Jimmy Hoffa? On July 30, 1975, former Teamsters' kingpin 
Jimmy Hoffa went to meet someone at a Detroit restaurant, then vanished into 
thin air. It was widely held that the Mafia was behind Hoffa's abduction. 
Though no body was ever found, rumors abound as to its final resting place. 
We explore the theories and suspects behind Hoffa's disappearance. CC [TV 


8:00 History vs. Hollywood. St. Valentine's Day Massacre. Delves into the on- 
screen version of the murder of seven men in a Chicago garage on the morning 
of February 14, 1929. Though it's widely believed that Al Capone was 
responsible, no one was ever charged for the horrific crime. We look at low- 
budget king Roger Corman's 1967 film, which portrayed the grim reality of the 
gangsters' lives. In his customary style, Corman brought his film in $200,000 
under budget and three days ahead of schedule. Features exclusive interviews 
with Corman. [TV PG] 

9:00 Extraterrestrials. Have earthlings really had close encounters with 
flying saucers? In this exploration of UFO sightings, we present the views of 
both believers and non-believers. CC [TV G] 

10:00 Drive-Thru. Join us for a ride through the history of car-culture 
commerce from the first gas station to the drive-thru funeral parlors and 
wedding chapels of today. We chronicle the birth of the first drive-in 
restaurants that paved the way for a billion-dollar fast food dynasty, and 
feature many lesser-known drive-thru venues, such as dry cleaners, flu shot 
clinics, liquor stands, and drug stores. And we'll take a journey to the 
future to see what products might be passing through the drive-thru of 
tomorrow. CC [TV G] 

11:00 Salem Witch Trials. Would it surprise you to learn that not one 
person was burned at the stake during the Salem Witch Trials? The tragedy was 
that 19 were hanged and one was "pressed" to death--all on the accusations of 
young girls. Join us as we recall those hysterical days of American colonial 
history when over 150 people were jailed and tortured. CC [TV G] 


8:00 Ku Klux Klan: A Secret History. Kneeling before a flaming cross, 
Klansmen and women take part in their sacred bonding, showing how secrecy and 
ritual aid the hooded order in a campaign for white supremacy. From its birth 
in 1866's Reconstruction South to a 1996 rally, this chronicle of hate talks 
to Julian Bond, Morris Dees Jr., the Grand Dragon, and Imperial Wizard. [TV 

10:00 The XY Factor. Sex in the Real West. Called easy women, shady ladies, 
and soiled doves, the women who went west to practice the oldest profession 
were the first ladies of the American frontier. Arriving ahead of 
their "decent" sisters, prostitutes flocked to the boom towns and mining 
camps, facing ostracism and abuse as they sought a piece of the American 
Dream. [TV PG] 

11:00 Haunted History. Haunted Rockies. They are the backbone of a 
continent, towering granite peaks that have lured adventurers to the American 
West for centuries. For some, this rugged landscape yielded incredible 
wealth. For others, its only offerings were tragic death. In a tour of 
Colorado's spookiest places, we visit Cripple Creek Hotel, Manitou Springs, 
the frontier town of Buckskin Joe, Molly Brown's Denver mansion, and Estes 
Park--where phantoms still cling to a life long past in the Haunted Rockies. 
CC [TV G] 


8:00 The Color of War. Silent and Deep. As WWII raged across Europe and the 
Pacific, one branch of the U.S. military went quietly about its business, 
moving with such secrecy that it was dubbed the "Silent Service". The elite 
submarine sailors endured an unique type of battle--with little chance of 
escape if disaster struck, the submarine itself often became a steel coffin. 
WWII comes alive through a moving tapestry of letters, diaries, color film 
and photographs unearthed from archives and personal collections. Peter 
Coyote narrates. CC [TV PG] 

9:00 Battle Stations. P-51 Mustang! Originally built for the R.A.F., the 
U.S.A.A.F.'s P-51 Mustang became one of the greatest fighter planes ever to 
be built and took on the worst that the Luftwaffe had to offer. The pilots of 
the 8th Air Force dramatically turned the tide of the air war in Europe when 
they saved the U.S. daylight bombing campaign over Nazi-occupied Europe by 
flying escort. We take you inside the cockpit of the "Cadillac of the Skies" 
to experience firsthand the terrifying reality of aerial combat over Berlin 
in WWII. CC [TV G] 

10:00 History Undercover. Rescue of the Bataan "Ghost Soldiers". In January 
1945, 500 of the last survivors of the Bataan Death March were trapped in one 
of Japan's most notorious concentration camps. As MacArthur advanced, the 
Army feared the Japanese might kill them before retreating. In one of the 
most daring raids in U.S. history, 121 Army Rangers snuck 30 miles behind 
enemy lines to attack Cabanatuan with the help of Filipino guerrillas, and 
brought home a grateful band of survivors who called themselves ghosts 
because they thought they'd been forgotten. CC [TV PG] 

11:00 Clash of Warriors. Von Paulus vs. Chuikov. The German assault and 
siege of the Russian City of Stalingrad was one of the most drawn-out battles 
of WWII. Its outcome would be a defining moment in Germany's fate and 
Hitler's dream of world domination. We examine the tactics of German General 
Friedrich von Paulus and Russian General Vasil Chuikov, and look at their 
individual fates after the war--after enduring captivity, von Paulus chose to 
live in the Soviet Zone of Occupied Germany and Chuikov became a revered 
hero. CC [TV G] 


8:00 This Week in History. Siege of Bataan/Pilots Reunion/Star of the West. 
This week in history we review the daring rescue of American POWs who 
survived the Bataan Death March in WWII; meet two WWII pilots--one black, one 
white, who lived parallel lives on and off the battlefield; and ask if the 
firing on the ship "The Star of the West" was the actual beginning of the 
Civil War. CC [TV G] 

9:00 Secret Passages. Join our voyeuristic voyage into a hidden world of 
adventure, mystery, and danger as we investigate secret passages. Hidden 
rooms, concealed stairways, volcanic catacombs, underground labyrinths, 
speakeasies, gangster hideaways, and underground cities--it's a 2-hour trip 
inside a world never meant to be seen by the general public. CC [TV G] 

11:00 History's Lost & Found. Einstein's Brain; Gettysburg Address; Marilyn 
Monroe's "Seven Year Itch" Dress (#101). Based on Harvey Rachlan's 
book "Lucy's Bones, Sacred Stones and Einstein's Brain", our wild romp 
through history traces the strange trip of Einstein's brain--why was it 
removed, sliced up, and shipped to scientists nationwide? Where is it today? 
Also examined, the Gettysburg Address and body stuffing for display after 
death. CC [TV G] 


8:00 Egypt beyond the Pyramids. Mansions of the Spirits. First we watch 
restoration on one of the greatest monuments to the dead ever created, Queen 
Hatshepsut's exquisite Deir el Bahari, and her Red Chapel, a smaller temple 
near Karnak. Then, our host Peter Woodward leads us into the inner 
sanctuaries of the Great Temple of Karnak to explain the sacred duties of the 
temple priests, and epigrapher William Murnane shows how the art and 
decoration contributed to the temple's holy power and political prestige. CC 
[TV G] 

9:00 Vendettas. Johnson County Cattle War. In the late 19th century, the 
wide-open plains of the American West proved a gold mine for cattle ranchers-- 
that is, until the Homestead Act encouraged settlers to move in and claim 
plots of land as their own. Soon, settlers were not only claiming land, but 
cowboys were also claiming unbranded cattle, according to rich cattle barons. 
Thus began a fierce feud that escalated into full-blown war involving dirty 
politicians and the federal militia before it ended in a bloody three-day 
siege. CC [TV PG] 

10:00 The Winchester. Winchester...the name still evokes images of the Wild 
West and the taming of the frontier--it was the first reliable repeating 
rifle and settlers brought it along as they moved west. Prized by Civil War 
soldiers, the lever-action rifle was preferred by lawmen and outlaws alike. A 
classic Winchester can command upwards of $100,000 from collectors trying to 
buy a piece of the Old West. We see how a shirt manufacturer named Oliver 
Winchester became the most famous gun maker of the American West. CC [TV G] 

11:00 Quantrill's Raiders. From one of the Civil War's greatest atrocities, 
when over 200 unarmed men and boys were murdered in Kansas, to the blood 
feuds that fueled these raiders, we uncover the story of the Confederate 
guerrillas, including Frank and Jesse James and Cole Younger, who followed 
William Clark Quantrill, a failed teacher from Ohio. CC [TV PG] 


8:00 Hands on History. Steel. America was built with steel, and as the new 
nation forged its way across the continent, the process of making steel 
continuously evolved. Host Ron Hazelton traces that evolution from the pig 
iron of colonial forges to today's state-of-the-art equipment. At the 
nation's oldest steel mill, Lukens in Coatesville, Pennsylvania, Ron faces 
temperatures of more than 3,000 degrees as he helps turn over 100 tons of 
scrap metal into construction-ready steel plate and braves the giant smelting 
furnace. CC [TV G] 

8:30 Hands on History. Coal. Ron Hazelton digs down deep to put his hands on 
a piece of history millions of years in the making--coal--in the heart of 
American coal country. At the center of coal mining for nearly a century, 
during its peak Harlan County, Kentucky, was home to more than 50 coal towns. 
Armed with pickaxe and lantern, Ron goes back in time through Portal 31, the 
town of Lynch's primary mine, as he mines by hand. Next, he drops in on a 
nearby mine to see how modern equipment has revolutionized the industry. CC 
[TV G] 

9:00 Vendettas. Sutton vs. Taylor. In 1866, Texans were miserable. After 
losing the Civil War, they were at the mercy of Yankee overlords. The Taylor 
clan, a prominent ranching family, didn't take kindly to the "new law". But 
Billy Sutton, head of a vigilante group called the Regulators, and Jack Helm, 
head of the State Police, swore to rid Texas of the Taylors and other 
outlaws. Emotions still run deep as descendants recall tales of the blazing 
barrels of Billy Sutton, Jim Taylor, and Jack Helm in the bloody feud that 
lasted until 1873. CC [TV PG] 

10:00 Dynamite. Join us for an explosive hour as we see why Alfred Nobel's 
invention of dynamite took on earth-shattering dimensions as his product 
blasted out the natural resources that have built our modern world. We also 
examine its impact on construction of the roads, tunnels, and dams that 
provide us with energy and transportation. CC [TV G] 

11:00 Secret Plunder: G.I. Looters. When U.S. troops overran Germany, they 
found a maze of tunnels filled with tons of gold bars, foreign currency, and 
priceless works of art. Much of this treasure disappeared. We'll see how some 
officers and G.I.s confiscated "souvenirs" worth hundreds of millions of 
dollars, and the subsequent investigation that led to their arrests. CC [TV 


8:00 Dangerous Missions. Merrill's Marauders. The provisional infantry 
regiment known to history as "Merrill's Marauders" took its name from its 
commander, Brigadier General Frank D. Merrill. This team of 2,400 commandos, 
code name "Galahad", fought the Japanese in Burma without support of tanks or 
heavy artillery, battling through 1,000 miles of almost impenetrable jungle. 
No other U.S. force in WWII marched as far, fought as continuously, or had to 
display such endurance as these swift-moving, hard-hitting foot soldiers. CC 
[TV PG] 

9:00 Vendettas. Clay County War. Welcome to Clay County, Kentucky, home to 
the deadliest feud east of the Mississippi. What started as rivalry between 
two powerful families escalated into a blood bath that spilled into various 
towns as folks took sides. The lawlessness that plagued the county for over 
100 years and claimed as many as 150 people finally caused its collapse as 
people fled for their lives. Today, Clay County is peaceful, but graveyards 
scar the hillsides--grim reminders of a past never forgotten, nor perhaps 
forgiven! CC [TV PG] 

10:00 Chesapeake Bay Bridge & Tunnel. Named one of the seven engineering 
wonders of the modern age, the Chesapeake Bay Bridge and Tunnel connects 
Virginia proper with its easternmost land mass. Stretching 17 miles across 
the historic Chesapeake Bay, the structure represents a man-made boundary 
between the Bay and the Atlantic. The structure includes two two-lane 
highways supported mostly by trestles, four man-made and one natural island, 
two truss bridges, and two revolutionary sunken tube tunnels. CC [TV G] 

11:00 The True Story of the Untouchables. Chicago, 1928. A ruthless gang of 
men is determined to wrest control of the city from Al Capone. They carry 
machine guns, rifles, and billy clubs. And we're not talking about a rival 
mob family. Meet Treasury Department Agent Eliot Ness and his nine-man team 
of "Untouchables", whose exploits would become legendary. CC [TV G] 


8:00 History vs. Hollywood. The Boston Strangler. The 1968 film "The Boston 
Strangler" branded Albert DeSalvo as the cold-blooded killer who murdered as 
many as 13 women--even though he was never charged or convicted. The film 
altered certain facts and omitted key roles, including F. Lee Bailey to whom 
DeSalvo confessed--a fact that disturbed many involved in the case for years 
to come. We talk to participants in the case and film including Bailey, 
Albert's brother Richard, psychiatrist Ames Robey, Tony Curtis, and director 
Richard Fleischer. CC [TV PG] 

9:00 Vendettas. The Hatfields & McCoys: An American Feud. From the rugged 
hills of Appalachia arose America's most famous family feud, which 
purportedly began in 1878 with the theft of a hog and escalated with the 
blossoming of a star-crossed romance in 1880 and finally ended in 1889 with a 
legal hanging. We separate fact from fiction about this feud that claimed 12 
lives and involved an extradition battle between Kentucky and West Virginia 
that was heard by the U.S. Supreme Court. Historians and descendants from 
both families, now friendly, weigh in. CC [TV G] 

10:00 Saloons. From a ladle and tin cup in an 1850s' mining camp and Civil 
War tent saloons to Prohibition-era speakeasies, we investigate the history 
of the American saloon, and go behind-the-scenes at Billy Bob's, a three-acre 
Texan saloon, and a Los Angeles sports bar with a computerized liquor- 
dispensing system. We see what it took to create the elaborate carved bars, 
the purpose of the brass foot-rail, the impact of refrigerated railroad cars 
on beer supply, and the transformational power of the bottle cap. CC [TV G] 

11:00 Bigfoot and Other Monsters. The mermaid, Abominable Snowman, giant 
squid, and dragons are all parts of myths and mysteries. But are some real? 
The Komodo Dragon was merely the stuff of local legend--until the dinosaur- 
like, very real giant reptile with an orange tongue and a fierce disposition 
was tracked down. Giant squids, measuring as long as 100 feet, have been 
found to really exist. We'll explore every possible explanation for these and 
other legendary creatures and find out if some might really exist. CC [TV G] 


8:00 Ellis Island. An examination of the history of Ellis Island, called 
the "Isle of Hope, the "Isle of Tears". Dozens of immigrants recall their 
adventures and heartaches at the threshold of America's Golden Door. Using 
archive footage and family stills, we meet members of nearly every ethnic 
group that made the journey and learn what drove them here, while firsthand 
accounts highlight the diversity of experiences faced by the tide of humanity 
that swept through Ellis Island and made America what it is today. CC [TV G] 

10:00 The XY Factor. The History of Sex: The 20th Century. A sensual, 
extensive series that looks at what sex has meant to the development of 
civilization--and what the development of civilization has meant to sex. From 
the first latex condom in the 1920s to the birth of the Pill in the 1960s, 
sexuality evolved at a rapid pace in the 20th century. How will sex change in 
the 21st century? CC [TV 14] 

11:00 Haunted History. New York. From a haunted brownstone in Greenwich 
Village to the cursed World War II warship on which the five Sullivan 
brothers went down, we'll tour the haunted sites that exist in New York, a 
state full of folklore, legends, and perhaps ghosts. CC [TV G] 


8:00 The Color of War. Homefront. The millions of combatants in the various 
armed services of WWII bore the brunt of the devastating war, but the 
civilian populations of the countries involved also endured their share of 
hardship and sacrifice. We see how they bravely shouldered their duties and 
suffered overwhelming burdens as their homelands were embroiled in "total 
war". WWII comes alive through a moving tapestry of letters, diaries, color 
film and photographs unearthed from archives and personal collections. Peter 
Coyote narrates. CC [TV PG] 

9:00 Battle Stations. Tiger Attack! Developed from a desperate need to turn 
the tide of war in his favor, Adolf Hitler became personally involved in the 
Tiger Tank, one of history's finest armored fighting vehicles. It was big, it 
was bad, and fit the Nazi ideal of a weapon. With detailed color reenactments 
and interviews, we enter the world of the Tiger and its crews that fought on 
every major battlefront of WWII. Told from the German soldier's point of 
view, the program is produced in association with the Imperial War Museum, 
London. CC [TV G] 

10:00 History Undercover. Hirohito's War. Japanese tradition made him a god, 
but Japanese law made him Commander in Chief of the Japanese Armed Forces. 
Never tried for war crimes, or even interrogated, Hirohito remained an 
enigmatic figure. We'll look at the life of the emperor and uncover his 
wartime role from the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor to his secret role in 
the surrender of Japan. CC [TV G] 

11:00 Clash of Warriors. Stilwell vs. Honda. Almost two years after the 
invasion of Burma, the Allies at last believed they could fight the Japanese. 
The taking of the key airfield at Myitkyina in May 1944 would prove a vital 
test of Allied confidence in defeating a formidable enemy in dense jungle 
terrain. Capturing the airfield brought together two determined and ruthless 
commanders, General Joseph "Vinegar Joe" Stilwell and Lt. General Masaki 
Honda, in an uncompromising face off. CC [TV G] 


8:00 This Week in History. American Spy/Gulf War/Iran Hostage. In our review 
of this week in history, we examine the Treaty of Paris, signed January 
1783 , and the techniques of Colonial America's spy network that helped win 
the War of Independence; Operation Desert Storm from the perspective of the 
pilot who dropped the very first bomb of the conflict; and an American 
hostage's account of his 444 days of captivity in Iran. CC [TV G] 

9:00 LBJ and Vietnam: In the Eye of the Storm. The Vietnam War brought 
America to its knees, at the cost of 58,000 American lives. It was a course 
chartered by Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy, but it quickly became known 
as Lyndon Johnson's war. In a 2-hour intimate and revealing account of the 
torment and doubt LBJ faced, we hear newly released phone conversations and 
discussions secretly recorded by Johnson. It's the agonizing story of a 
leader left to carry on an unwanted conflict in what would become an unwanted 
legacy. CC [TV G] 

11:00 History's Lost & Found. JFK' s Death Car; Maltese Falcon; Dillinger's 
Escape Gun (#102). Based on Harvey Rachlan's book "Lucy's Bones, Sacred 
Stones and Einstein's Brain", our wild romp through history traces lost 
objects that changed our world. Get the inside story on the car that carried 
JFK to his death; John Dillinger's wooden gun used in his jailbreak; General 
Sickles' amputated leg that he saved in a wooden box! CC [TV G] 


8:00 Egypt beyond the Pyramids. The Great Pharaoh and his Lost Children. 
Join us on an historical mystery tour back to Egypt's New Kingdom and the era 
of Ramesses the Great to solve the puzzle of his missing children. We learn 
of his dedication to his family at his funerary temple, the magnificent 
Ramesseum, where we see how he depicted his children on various temple walls 
and reliefs. Then, Dr. Kent Weeks takes us through the mysterious and long- 
forgotten KV5, the tomb of several of Ramesses' sons, which proves to be 
ancient Egypt's greatest family mausoleum. CC [TV G] 

9:00 Vietnam: On the Frontlines. America Enters the War. Explores the 
courage and heroism of U.S. soldiers in Vietnam, both on land and in the air, 
as they faced an unrelenting enemy during the first few years of American 
involvement in what would become the Vietnam War. In late 1965, President 
Lyndon Johnson ordered large numbers of troops to South Vietnam to prevent 
what he thought was the takeover of the country by communists from the north. 
We'll cover the bloody battles at Ia Drang Valley, Khe Sanh, Con Thien, and 
Dak To--from 1965 through 1967. CC [TV G] 

10:00 The Gunboats of Vietnam. During the Vietnam War, the U.S. Navy 
deployed the River Patrol Force--a fleet of armored gunboats and smaller 
motorboats--on a mission to deny the enemy use of Vietnam's 3,000 nautical 
miles of rivers, canals, and small streams in order to cut their supply lines 
from Cambodia and disrupt enemy base areas. The linchpin of the riverine 
strategy was smaller motor-powered fiberglass boats. These small, agile 
boats, originally designed as pleasure craft, were perfect for nighttime 
stealth missions. CC [TV G] 

11:00 Man in the Iron Mask. In a mystery that still baffles historians 300 
years after the event, French King Louis XIV orders a prisoner shut away for 
34 years, until his death. Why was such effort taken to conceal the man's 
identity and prevent communication with the outside world? Why was he 
condemned to a living death? Researchers rifle the records. CC [TV G] 


8:00 Hands on History. Shipbuilding. From the dugout canoes of Native 
Americans to vessels such as the Mayflower used by early European settlers, 
wooden ships played a vital role in the country's development. In this 
episode, host Ron Hazelton looks at the evolution of those ships. He works 
side-by-side with sawyers, shipwrights, and other craftsmen who maintain and 
continue the time-honored traditions of wooden shipbuilding. CC [TV G] 

8:30 Hands on History. Tugboats. Without tugboats, America's large harbors 
would cease to function. In this episode, host Ron Hazelton goes on board 
with a tug crew working the Boston Harbor. He takes the wheel, ties onto a 
barge, and learns the tricks of navigating the small but powerful tug as it 
pilots its much larger partner. CC [TV G] 

9:00 Vietnam: On the Frontlines. Tet in Saigon and Hue. Focuses on the Tet 
Offensive, which changed public opinion about the war. In January 1968, the 
North Vietnamese and Vietcong attacked over 100 cities and military bases in 
South Vietnam. The attack, launched during the holiday cease-fire, caught 
U.S. and South Vietnamese forces unprepared. In Saigon, the U.S. Embassy 
endured a 6-hour battle. But the bloodiest battle took place in and around 
the ancient capital of Hue with the Marines suffering a 50% casualty rate. 
CC [TV G] 

10:00 Chemical and Biological Weapons. An examination of the history and 
technology of chemical and biological warfare, which can be traced back at 
least 4,000 years to the wars of ancient India, when soldiers used toxic 
fumes against their enemies. We also provide chilling details of the vast 
Soviet biological warfare program, and talk to Ken Alibek, former chief 
scientist for that program until he defected in 1992, and U.S. bio-weaponeer 
Bill Patrick, who debriefed Alibek. CC [TV G] 

11:00 Ancient Drugs. Since mankind's beginnings, and in all civilizations, 
we have found ways to alter our everyday consciousness in search of a greater 
reality. To this end, we have indulged in many frightening and often toxic 
substances in many different rituals. We'll look for answers to why we take 
mind-altering trips off the well-trod path. CC [TV G] 


8:00 Dangerous Missions. Forward Air Controllers. During the Vietnam War, 
Air Force and Marine pilots flew "low and slow" over jungles in antiquated 
propeller planes--often unarmed--to direct jet bombers toward target. FACs 
often became victims of enemy ground fire as they carried out their dangerous 
missions. Meet some of the brave pilots, including the man who saved BAT-21. 

9:00 Vietnam: On the Frontlines. Ringing Down the Curtain. In this hour, we 
zero in on the Cambodian incursion of 1970 and the Easter Offensive in 1972. 
When Richard Nixon took office in 1969, he promised to reduce involvement in 
Vietnam. But as he withdrew troops in Vietnam, the President simultaneously 
orchestrated an invasion into Cambodia. Though a military success, it set off 
a firestorm of protest at home. Then, on Easter Sunday 1972, North Vietnamese 
swarmed into South Vietnam, surprising U.S. and South Vietnamese troops. CC 
[TV G] 

10:00 Helicopters. From the early "egg beaters" of World War II to 
the "flying tanks" of Operation Desert Storm, we'll fly aboard one of the 
most agile and potent weapons on the battlefield--the helicopter. Meet the 
first pilot to fly a combat rescue mission in WWII and a U.S.A.F. female 
aviator; and view classified footage of the Apache in Iraq. CC [TV G] 

11:00 The Most Ancient Taboo: Cannibalism. From the ancient Greeks to the 
American Anasazi, evidence shows that nearly every culture has had its taste 
for cannibalism. Or have these tales been cooked up as propaganda? What is it 
about cannibalism that both repulses and fascinates us? Join historians and 
dig into the past, and meet modern cannibals, such as Jeffrey Dahmer. CC [TV 


8:00 History vs. Hollywood. M*A*S*H: Comedy under Fire. Despite Robert 
Altman's award-winning film and the highly-rated 11-year TV series, few 
people are aware that a Mobile Army Surgical Hospital existed during the 
Korean War, and was the basis of Richard Hooker's novel. We contrast the real 
life-and-death stories of field surgeons against their serio-comic 
counterparts. Highlights include classic clips and interviews with Altman, 
Donald Sutherland, writer Larry Gelbart, and surgeons and nurses from Korean 
War MASH units. Burt Reynolds narrates. CC [TV PG-L] 

9:00 Vietnam: On the Frontlines. The End Game. The riveting story of the 
final American evacuation of Saigon in the last few weeks of April 1975, 
which culminated in the largest U.S. helicopter rescue in history as U.S. 
Marines rescued almost 7,000 people--1,400 Americans and 5,600 South 
Vietnamese--in the hours before the city fell to the Communists. Former CBS 
News Saigon Bureau Chief Brian Ellis tells how he ran his own secret 
evacuation, helping South Vietnamese who worked for the U.S. press leave the 
country. CC [TV G] 

10:00 NORAD: The War Game Fortress. Takes you into the top-secret 
headquarters of America's nuclear missile warning center, hidden deep in the 
mountains of Colorado. CC [TV G] 

11:00 Superstitions. Knock wood as we whisk back in time to uncover the 
origins of our common superstitions. Early man tried to control nature's 
mysteries by creating rituals to appease the gods. Yet, as civilization grew, 
even more rituals and talismans were needed in response to uncertain times. 
But why today do we still rub that lucky rabbit foot? CC [TV PG] 


8:00 The Eagle Has Landed. Movie. John Sturges directed this action-packed 
wartime adventure based on Jack Higgins' bestseller about a Nazi plot to 
kidnap Winston Churchill. The solid cast includes Michael Caine, Donald 
Sutherland, Robert Duvall, Donald Pleasence, Anthony Quayle, Jean Marsh, Judy 
Geeson, Treat Williams, and Larry Hagman. (1977) [TV PG] 

11:00 Haunted History. Haunted London. On a foggy night in old London town, 
you might wail more than the blues if you encounter one of the many ghosts 
said to roam the streets. From Roman occupation to the Dark Ages to the 
Industrial Age of Charles Dickens come many reports of unexplained spectral 
visits. We'll tour through this ancient city steeped in violent history--a 
place where the living are forced to consort with the spirits of the dead. 
CC [TV G] 


8:00 The Color of War. The Price of War. Even as WWII raged on, another, 
more desperate, battle was being waged just behind the front lines...a battle 
to save lives. The victories and losses of this crusade are the stories of 
the price of war. The fact that so many servicemen lived to tell the tale is 
a testament to the brave medical personnel who fought daily against death. 
WWII comes alive through a moving tapestry of letters, diaries, color film 
and photographs unearthed from archives and personal collections. Peter 
Coyote narrates. CC [TV 14] 

9:00 Battle Stations. The Huey Helicopter. The Vietnam War was the Huey war-- 
a brutal war, where the lethal Huey gunship wreaked havoc on the Viet Cong. 
The Huey revolutionized U.S. Army tactics and changed the way modern wars 
were fought. Veterans describe their feelings on flying the Huey into battle 
and how they could rely on the helicopter to pull them through even the worst 
firefights. It was a vital lifeline, providing food, ammunition, and fire 
support, and its role in medical evacuation was the difference between life 
and death. CC [TV G] 

10:00 History Undercover. Soviet Top Secret Weapons. During the Cold War, 
much of the Soviet Union's economy went into developing weapons. With 
paranoia about U.S. technical superiority at a height, even the craziest 
sounding idea stood a chance--the military-industrial complex incubated 
ambitious, but often unfeasible weaponry. We focus on the sinking of M-256, 
which lost 37 submariners, and the Ekranopian, a super-secret flying ship 
capable of carrying thousands of soldiers or missiles over great distances at 
high speeds under radar detection. CC [TV G] 

11:00 Clash of Warriors. Saddam vs. Schwarzkopf. In 1990, Iraq invaded 
Kuwait. Five months later, on January 17, 1991, a U.N.-sanctioned coalition 
force began a missile and air offensive, followed by a ground offensive in 
February, codenamed Operation Desert Storm, against positions in Kuwait and 
Iraq. The Gulf War coalition was led by U.S. General H. Norman Schwarzkopf. 
The Iraqis were led by their dictator Saddam Hussein. Watch "Stormin' Norman" 
face off against the "Butcher of Baghdad" in a high-tech showdown CC [TV G] 


8:00 This Week in History. Challenger/Marie Antoinette/Kitchen Debate. An 
engineer reveals his desperate attempts to halt the ill-fated Challenger 
launch. For half a year before the space shuttle exploded, Roger Boisjoly 
warned NASA of the dangers of a cold-weather launch. Then, we peek under the 
covers of time to see if sexual problems between Marie Antoinette and King 
Louis XVI helped fan the flames of revolution in France. And we review a 1959 
color videotape that captured a heated 10-minute exchange between Vice 
President Nixon and Soviet Premiere Nikita Khrushchev. CC [TV G] 

9:00 The True Story of Black Hawk Down. The Battle of Mogadishu is a 
largely forgotten, yet extremely important event in U.S. military history. 
When 18 American soldiers were killed and images broadcast of bodies dragged 
through the streets of an enigmatic African city, it was a horrible blow to 
the national psyche. In a 2-hour review of the battle, based on Mark Bowden's 
bestseller "Black Hawk Down", we see how we got there, what went wrong, and 
explore the legacy. Includes interviews with Bowden, U.S. Rangers, and Somali 
militiamen. CC [TV G] 

11:00 History's Lost & Found. John Paul Jones's Corpse; London Bridge; 
Washington's False Teeth (#103). Based on Harvey Rachlan's book "Lucy's 
Bones, Sacred Stones and Einstein's Brain", we track down Revolutionary War 
hero John Paul Jones's corpse; trace the London Bridge's journey to an 
Arizona desert; reveal the truth about George Washington's false teeth; and 
view Lincoln's deathbed, Freud's couch, and the first computer. CC [TV G] 


8:00 Egypt beyond the Pyramids. The Daily Life of Ancient Egyptians. At the 
ancient port city Mendes, we speak with archaeologist Donald Redford, who has 
been uncovering the lives of farmers, priests, and merchants. We also visit 
the ancient craftsman's village Deir el Medina to learn more about the lives 
of workers who toiled in the Valley of the Kings. And finally, we wonder 
through modern Cairo to discover the amazing number of similarities between 
ancient Egypt and the Egypt that we know today. CC [TV G] 

9:00 The Wrath of God. Avalanches: White Walls of Death. A look at the 
terror of high, frozen places, at sudden deaths and hairbreadth rescues from 
avalanches. Features rare footage of the 1910 Wellington Train Disaster. In 
that tragic event, an avalanche swept two trains off the side of a pass in 
the Cascade Mountains killing 96. CC [TV G] 

10:00 Stories from the Hall of Fame: Pro Football. On September 17, 1920, 
the National Football League was born in a car showroom in Canton, Ohio. 
Today, millions of fans visit Canton to experience the sport's dramatic 
history at the Football Hall of Fame. In a celebration of the league's action- 
packed past and present, we examine its most vital games, events, and players 
and explore how pro football was played and how it has evolved. Past and 
present players, coaches, and owners provide fascinating stories from the 
NFL's eight decades. CC [TV G] 

11:00 Ghost Ships. Ships sailing without a crew? Phantom destroyers? Boats 
that disappear, then reappear? The Flying Dutchman, the Mary Celeste, the 
Dash, the Teazer, and the more recent Joyita. Crews of these vessels vanished 
without a clue to their fates. We travel the seven seas seeking answers and 
hear from witnesses to the bizarre events. CC [TV G] 


8:00 Hands on History. Brewing. Ron Hazelton finds out what's old and new in 
the world of brew as he checks out America's thirst for beer. In 1587, 
Virginia colonists first brewed corn ale. George Washington, Thomas 
Jefferson, and Samuel Adams made home brew while founding the country. Ron 
follows beer's evolution at Pottsville, Pennsylvania, home to the country's 
oldest brewery. Opened by David Yuengling when Andrew Jackson was president, 
his great-great grandson oversees every stage of the process today. CC [TV 

8:30 Hands on History. Ice Cream. Ice cream may be the sweet dreams of 
children, but it's also a big business that's evolved from corner scoop shops 
of yesteryear to today's giant corporations. Host Ron Hazelton visits both, 
and along the way makes the dessert both one bucket and 500 gallons at a 
time! First stop, Fenton's Creamery, that's served Oakland, California, since 
1905. Then, he travels to a giant Dreyer's ice cream factory in Union City, 
California. In 1929, William Dreyer invented "Rocky Road" in honor of the 
Depression. CC [TV G] 

9:00 The Wrath of God. Buffalo Blizzard: Siege and Survival. Once in a 
while, a winter storm attacks with such intensity that it can paralyze a 
city. Buffalo, New York, receives on average 93 inches of snow each year, but 
by mid-January 1977, the city had already received 126. Nature would soon 
deliver a blow beyond anyone's imagination. Join us as we relive the six-day 
blizzard that wreaked havoc across the region and caused President Carter to 
declare nine counties in New York a federal disaster area--the first time the 
designation was made due to snow! CC [TV G] 

10:00 Motorcycles. Fast and powerful, they come in a hundred shapes and a 
thousand colors. To some, motorcycles symbolize freedom; to others, they 
simply stand for trouble! We race back in time and see how, for over a 
hundred years, motorcycles have tantalized riders with a promise of 
unparalleled speed and endless adventure! CC [TV G] 

11:00 Circus Freaks and Sideshows. Join us for a trip through the bizarre 
world of midgets, giants, tattooed ladies, and other human curiosities as we 
trace the colorful history of a distinctly American form of entertainment-- 
the circus sideshow. From the 1840s, when P.T. Barnum exhibited Tom Thumb, to 
the last remaining shows struggling to survive at New York's Coney Island, we 
learn the truth behind the sideshow adage that freaks are not born, but 
rather created, as performers share their memories of the magical midway. CC 
[TV PG] 


8:00 Dangerous Missions. Wild Animal Handlers. Meet people who place 
themselves in harm's way by working with earth's most fearsome creatures. 
Visit zookeepers handling the most dangerous animal in captivity--African 
elephants. Watch a man extract snake venom for medical research. See what 
it's like to be locked in a cage with 13 carnivores. Gaze into an alligator's 
gaping jaws! CC [TV PG] 

9:00 The Wrath of God. Snowbound: The Curse of the Sierra. The mountains 
called the Sierra Nevada are among the most picturesque in the U.S.--tourists 
marvel at the snow-capped peaks while skiing at Lake Tahoe. But the Snowy 
Mountains have also produced disasters, including the 1846 Donner Party 
tragedy that led to cannibalism and the 1982 avalanche that buried Anna 
Conrad alive for five days. CC [TV G] 

10:00 Survival Technology. In a historic survey of man's adaptation to 
killer environmental conditions, we travel to the desert, the Arctic, the 
sea, jungle, and space, charting the body's physiological responses to 
extreme circumstances such as frostbite, heatstroke, and hypothermia. We talk 
with military survival experts and learn about the latest cutting-edge 
survival gear, as well as the equipment aboard the space station, and look to 
the future, when nano-technology will create a new type of technology. CC 
[TV G] 

11:00 The Real Robinson Crusoe. Daniel Defoe's book was based on his life-- 
but his story wasn't as wild as Alexander Selkirk's life. After arguing with 
the captain of a privateer, Selkirk was marooned on an island west of Chile. 
After five years of isolation, he was rescued and made a fortune. But wealth 
didn't make him happy, and he returned to the sea where he died. CC [TV G] 


8:00 History vs. Hollywood. The Great Escape. Is it History or Hollywood? We 
compare the 1963 film of the daring mass breakout by prisoners of war from 
the German prison camp, Stalag Luft III, in March 1944, with the actual 
events. Film clips, drawings made by POWs, and interviews with ex-POWs who 
masterminded the escape, as well as stars and film production personnel bring 
to light additional details of the great escape and film. [TV PG] 

9:00 The Wrath of God. Blizzards: Whiteout! When those deadly winter 
snowstorms hit, they cut off communications, deplete food and fuel supplies, 
and sometimes set the stage for anarchy! Join us for a journey through four 
deadly storms: the 1888 blizzards that hit Nebraska and New York City; and 
the 1967 and 1979 snowstorms that enveloped Chicago. [TV G] 

10:00 Apollo 13. The Apollo 13 mission was intended to be a "routine" trip 
to the moon. But when an oxygen tank exploded, the spacecraft was crippled 
and its 3-man crew placed in mortal danger. The Lunar Module, intended for 
deployment on the moon's surface, instead became a "lifeboat". Scientists and 
engineers on earth fought a race against time to save the crew. We'll examine 
the mission, which nearly ended in tragedy, but instead was a resounding 
success, and in some ways became NASA's finest hour. CC [TV G] 

11:00 Crypts, Coffins and Corpses. The manner in which a society deals with 
the dead reveals a great deal about how it views life. From mummification and 
cannibalism to cremation, cryonics, and interments in space, our final 
tributes to loved ones have been as varied and bizarre as the methods used to 
treat the deceased body. Starting at the San Francisco College of Mortuary 
Science, where we view a modern embalming, we'll turn back in time and travel 
the world to witness the many historical methods of dealing with the 
deceased. CC [TV PG] 


8:00 The True Story of Black Hawk Down. The Battle of Mogadishu is a 
largely forgotten, yet extremely important event in U.S. military history. 
When 18 American soldiers were killed and images broadcast of bodies dragged 
through the streets of an enigmatic African city, it was a horrible blow to 
the national psyche. In a 2-hour review of the battle, based on Mark Bowden's 
bestseller "Black Hawk Down", we see how we got there, what went wrong, and 
explore the legacy. Includes interviews with Bowden, U.S. Rangers, and Somali 
militiamen. CC [TV G] 

10:00 The XY Factor. Sex in the Bible. From erotic poetry to sinful sex, 
we'll explore the uncensored Bible. Discover scriptures brimming with lustful 
tales like King Solomon's 700 concubines, Sodom and Gomorrah, and Jesus and 
the adulteress. In this 90-minute special, Dr. Ruth Westheimer and other 
experts discuss a bible where passion and sexual deviancy live alongside the 
quest for the Holy. CC [TV PG] 

11:30 The Making of Boy's Toys. Sleek boats, private planes, expensive 
cars, high-tech gadgets. A behind-the-scenes look at the making of "Modern 
Marvels Boy's Toys Week"--from the interviewing of experts to the directing 
of recreations. [TV G] 


8:00 The Color of War. Victory. For Allied servicemen, the last year of WWII 
proved the most difficult. Though victory was nearly assured, some of the 
roughest battles lay ahead. These men desperately wanted to return to home 
and loved ones. If they survived, what would the peace bring? WWII comes 
alive through a moving tapestry of letters, diaries, color film and 
photographs unearthed from archives and personal collections. Peter Coyote 
narrates. CC [TV 14] 

9:00 Battle Stations. Hitler's Vengeance Weapons. From a remote German 
island in the Baltic Sea, the first successful launch of a rocket into the 
stratosphere took place in October 1942. This is the story of the Nazi's last 
desperate bid to turn the tide of WWII by unleashing an arsenal of sinister 
weapons. Known as V-1, a prototype cruise missile, and V-2, the first 
ballistic missile, the weapons caused immense civilian casualties. Enter the 
world of rocket scientists, secret weapons, and the race to destroy two of 
Hitler's most elusive weapons. CC [TV G] 

10:00 History Undercover. Third Reich in America: The Secret History of 
Stalag USA. Why are Luftwaffe belt buckles and Nazi uniform buttons being 
discovered today in the dirt of Texas? Buried with them is the story of 
America's secret Nazi prison camps. German soldiers captured right off the 
battlefield were shipped to America. Not just a few, but hundreds of 
thousands flooded in--until there were over 400,000 Wehrmacht and Luftwaffe 
prisoners in the U.S. We'll meet former Nazi POWs and learn of the resentment 
many Americans had for Hitler's army imprisoned inside the heartland. CC [TV 

11:00 Clash of Warriors. Doenitz vs. Horton. With Allied merchant ships 
transporting vital supplies and Nazi submarines patrolling in wolf packs 
intent on destruction, victory in the Battle of the Atlantic was essential 
for the invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe. In May 1943, as British Naval 
Commander Sir Max Horton and the Admiralty Submarine Tracking Room looked on, 
43 merchant vessels in Allied Convoy ONS 5 left Britain for North America. 
Waiting for them was the largest wolf pack German Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz 
had ever deployed. CC [TV G] 


8:00 This Week in History. The Father of Chemical Warfare/Thomas Edison/Tet 
Offensive. In 1915, war was forever transformed when a green, gaseous cloud 
floated across the Western Front in WWI. Why did Fritz Haber, a Nobel Prize- 
winning scientist who first made a name for himself by saving millions of 
lives, create one of history's most deadly weapons? Then, we see how Thomas 
Edison the inventor was a very different person than Edison the businessman. 
And veterans relive the attack on the American Embassy in Saigon during the 
Tet Offensive in 1968. CC [TV G] 

9:00 Private Jets. From today's ultra chic, state-of-the-art private jets 
to Lockheed's 1957 Jetstar, this 2-hour special investigates the history, the 
luxury, and technology of America's corporate jets. We meet a few of the men 
and women who pioneered them--Bill Lear, Clyde Cessna and his nephews, Walter 
and Olive Beech. Actor Michael Dorn explains what it takes to buy a 
previously-owned jet. And, we see the latest in kit jets and look into the 
new must-have of the super rich--jets the size of commercial airliners. CC 
[TV G] 

11:00 History's Lost & Found. Jackie Kennedy's Bloodstained Dress; King 
Herod's Bathtub; Paul Revere's Lantern (#104). In a magazine-style treasure 
hunt, we search out historical objects and the often-murky truth surrounding 
them. In this installment, we track: Jackie Kennedy's bloodstained dress; 
Paul Revere's lanterns; African man-eating lions; the shared liver of Siamese 
twins Chang and Eng; the oldest pair of Levi's; and the earliest war films. 
CC [TV G] 


8:00 Egypt beyond the Pyramids. Death and the Journey to Immortality. 
Egyptian civilization was based on the hope of eternal life after death. We 
explore some of the ancient places that reveal the secrets of the religion 
and study the sacred tomb hieroglyphs in the Valley of the Kings. At the 
cemetery of the pyramid builders in Giza and the Valley of the Golden Mummies 
in the Bahariyya Oasis, we learn more about Egyptian burial practices and 
methods. And we speak with Drs. Zahi Hawass and Salima Ikram to unravel the 
secrets of mummification. CC [TV G] 

9:00 James Bond Gadgets. His movies are legend, his women beautiful, and 
his toys the best in the world. Whether James Bond is foiling villains in 
space-age flying machines or eavesdropping on his enemies with ultra- 
sophisticated spy gear, British Secret Agent 007 is always guaranteed to have 
the most outrageous and wonderfully creative gadgets ever to grace the silver 
screen. Bond had it all. But as we see in this exclusive look at his gadgets, 
it takes a lot to save the world! CC [TV G] 

10:00 Gadgets. Close cousins to machines and tools, gadgets are mechanical 
or electronic devices that make life a bit easier. While they don't always 
fall into clear categories, we know one when we see one. We'll view the 
craziest, cleverest, and most brilliant gizmos, meet the often-quirky 
gadgeteers, and glimpse gadgetry of the future. CC [TV G] 

11:00 Vanished! Explore the most intriguing tales of mysterious 
disappearances as historians, psychologists, and forensic investigators 
ponder the ultimate fates of the vanished, including explorer George Mallory, 
skyjacker D.B. Cooper, New York Supreme Court Justice Joseph Crater, diplomat 
Raoul Wallenberg, and atheist Madalyn Murray O'Hair. CC [TV G] 


8:00 Hands on History. Subways. In 1897, a 1.5-mile subway line opened in 
Boston, Massachusetts, making it the first such form of mass transit in North 
America. Host Ron Hazelton follows the history of subways throughout the 
country. He directs subways from a futuristic control room, drives a train 
through its downtown run, and even gets up close to the treacherous third 
rail that makes it all possible. CC [TV G] 

8:30 Hands on History. Railroads. All aboard as host Ron Hazelton rolls up 
his sleeves, grabs a shovel, and helps bring a steam locomotive to life. In 
this episode, Ron gets a hands-on look at the evolution of locomotives. He 
feeds the belching fire of the steam engine and mans the controls of a diesel 
as he pulls a train up into New Hampshire's picturesque White Mountains. CC 
[TV G] 

9:00 The Tool Bench: Power Tools. The history of civilization could easily 
be measured in terms of our ability to make, use, and improve tools--an 
activity that is at least 4 million years old! At the tip of our toolmaking 
timeline are power tools. We'll examine today's power tool industry, which is 
booming thanks to more powerful, lighter, and quieter cordless tools. CC [TV 

10:00 Remote Control. Press a button and you can soar in the sky, command a 
virtual pet, adjust the thermostat in your house while driving in your car, 
and, of course, change the channel on your TV. The remote control revolution 
began in 1898, when inventor Nicola Tesla successfully controlled a six-foot- 
long iron-hulled model boat using radio waves. Today, Microbots are the 
latest remote control marvel. We'll see how, in our technologically-evolved 
world, pressing a button to get what we want has become commonplace. CC [TV 

11:00 Secret Brotherhood of Freemasons. Join us as we divulge the true 
nature of the secret and mystical organization known as freemasons. We reveal 
the initiation ceremony, when candidates swear on pain of death to uphold the 
order's secrets. In ancient Egypt, we uncover the murderous legend that 
inspired their rituals; and study the society's influence on our democracy. 
CC [TV G] 


8:00 Dangerous Missions. The Black Devils. Boasting 1,800 of the finest hand- 
picked American and Canadian soldiers, the legendary commando unit known as 
the First Special Service Force was one of the best-kept Allied secrets of 
World War II. Called the "Black Devils" by the German Army, the elite force 
executed combat and reconnaissance operations behind enemy lines, eventually 
leading the Allies into Rome and spearheading the invasion of southern 
France. For the first time, remaining members share their incredible, action- 
packed story. CC [TV PG] 

9:00 Million Dollar Tech. For millennia, luxury toys have functioned as 
flashy instruments of affluence, authority, and identity and driven many 
kingly consumers to covet, create, and purchase these status symbols. From 
the Roman Emperor Caligula's special barges to Carl Faberge's impossibly 
intricate eggs, from plasma screen TVs to $600,000 Bentleys and Rolex 
watches, we examine spectacular personal possessions--paeans to the lords of 
a consumer culture that grows richer and technologically more sophisticated 
daily. CC [TV G] 

10:00 Million Dollar Cars. A few passionate visionaries created a small 
number of automobiles that have ascended into the stratosphere of desire. 
Come along as we peek behind the gated mansions and into the guarded garages 
of the owners of the world's most elite motorcars. We examine a rare Ferrari 
driven in a grueling race; the Isotta-Fraschini, an obscure Italian luxury 
car that blew the doors off most race cars in the 1920s; and Mercedes Coupes 
and Roadsters from the 1930s that today cost millions. CC [TV G] 

11:00 The First Americans. Columbus was convinced they were from India; 
others thought them descendents of Atlantis or the Lost Tribes of Israel. 
Serious study began with Thomas Jefferson who was fascinated by tools and 
mounds found throughout the New World. Join today's archaeologists searching 
the Americas for evidence to pinpoint when man first arrived. CC [TV G] 

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