Money, Measurements & Time

Coinage:
tarsk bit: a copper coin worth from 1/10 to 1/4 of a copper tarsk, depending on the city which mints the coin.

tarsk, copper: worth between 4 and 10 tarsk bits depending on location. 100 tarsk bits make up a silver tarsk, and equaling 10 tarsk bits.
tarsk, silver: worth 40 copper tarn disks or 100 copper tarsks. 10 silver tarsks make a gold tarn.
Tarn Disk, Copper: 1/40 of a silver tarsk.

Tarn Disk, Gold: worth 10 silver tarsks, also comes in double weight. With the exception of the double tarn, a gold tarn disk is the highest value coin on Gor.

Tarn Disk, Silver: worth more than a silver tarsk, they don't state an exact amount.

Measurements:

ah-il: a unit of measure equal to the distance from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger, c. 18 inches, analogous to the Earth cubit; 10 ah-il equal one ah-ral.

"Cloth is measured in the ah-il, which is the length from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger, and the ah-rah, which is ten ah-ils."  Tribesmen of Gor, page 50

ah-ral: a unit of measure equaling 10 ah-il, or approx. 180 Earth inches.
foot: a unit of measurement equal to 10 horts, or 12 1/2 Earth inches.
"The Gorean foot is, in my estimation, just slightly longer than the Earth foot; based on the supposition that each of its ten Horts is roughly one and one-quarter inches long, I would give the Gorean foot a length of roughly twelve and one-half inches, Earth measure". Raiders of Gor, page 127

hort: a measure of distance equal to 1- 1/4 inches
huda: a unit of measure equaling 5 tefa
"A handful with the five fingers closed, not open, is a tef. Six such handfuls constitutes a tefa, which is a tiny basket. Five such baskets constitutes a huda." Tribesmen of Gor, page 46

pasang: measure of distance equaling .7 miles
"The pasang is a measure of distance on Gor, equivalent approximately to .7 of a mile." Tarnsman of Gor, page 58

stone: a unit of measurement equal to 4 Urth pounds
"I have calculated this figure from the Weight, a Gorean unit of measurement based on the Stone, which is about four Earth pounds."  Raiders of Gor, page 127

talu: a unit a measure equaling 2 gallons
"A talu is approximately two gallons. A talu bag is a small bag."  Tribesmen of Gor, page 242

tef: a unit of measure, consisting of a handful of whatever produce (such as dates) is being weighed; 6 tefs equal one tefa.
tefa: 1) a unit of measure equaling 6 tefs, or handfuls; 5 tefas equal 1 huda; 2) a small basket.
weight: a unit of measurement equal to 10 Stone, or 40 Earth pounds.
"I have calculated this figure from the Weight, a Gorean unit of measurement based on the Stone, which is about four Earth pounds." Raiders of Gor, page 12

Time:

Ihn: Gorean Second; equals 1.35 Earth seconds
Ehn: Gorean Minute (80 Ihn); equals 108 Earth seconds
Ahn: Gorean Hour (40 Ehn); equals 72 Earth minutes

Ohn: Gorean Day (20 Ahn); equals 24 Earth hours
Uhn: Gorean Week (5 Ohn); equals 7 Earth days
Yhn: Gorean Month (5 Uhn); equals 30 Earth days
Pahn: Gorean Year (10 Yhn); equals 12 Earth months

Earth days: 5 days per week x five weeks, + 1 passing hand=30 days; x 12 months=300 days + one waiting hand= 365 days.

But remember the actual Gorean year only has 300 days, the other 65 days are in passing and waiting hands.

Gorean days: 5 days per week x five weeks=25 days; 25 days x 12 months=300 Gorean days

Gorean Calendar:

 Month of EN'KARA (The First Turning) First Hand: March 21-March 25 Second Hand: March 26-March 30 Third Hand: March 31-April 4 Forth Hand: April 5-April 9 Fifth Hand: April 10-April 14 First Passage Hand: April 15-April 19 Month of HESIUS (Ar) First Hand: April 20-April 24 Second Hand: April 25-April 29 Third Hand: April 30-May 4 Forth Hand: May 5-May 9 Fifth Hand: May 10-May 14 Second Passage Hand: May 15-May 19

 Month of CAMERIUS (Ar) SELNAR (Ko-ro-ba) First Hand: May 20-May 24 Second Hand: May 25-May 29 Third Hand: May 30-June 3 Forth Hand: June 4-June 8 Fifth Hand: June 9-June 13 Third Passage Hand: June 14-June 18 Month of EN`VAR (The First Resting) First Hand: June 19-June 23 Second Hand: June 24-June 28 Third Hand: June 29-July 3 Forth Hand: July 4-July 8 Fifth Hand: July 9-July 13 Forth Passage Hand: July 14-July 18

 Fifth Month First Hand: July 19-July 23 Second Hand: July 24-July 28 Third Hand: July 29-August 2 Forth Hand: August 3-August 7 Fifth Hand: August 8-August 12 Fifth Passage Hand: August 13-August 17 Sixth Month First Hand: August 18-August 22 Second Hand: August 23-August 27 Third Hand: August 28-September 1 Forth Hand: September 2-September 6 Fifth Hand: September 7-September 11 Sixth Passage Hand: September 12-September 16

 Month of SE'KARA (The Second Turning) First Hand: September 17-September 21 Second Hand: September 22-September 26 Third Hand: September 27-October 1 Forth Hand: October 2-October 6 Fifth Hand: October 7-October 11 Seventh Passage Hand: October 12-October 16 Eighth Month First Hand: October 17-October 21 Second Hand: October 22-October 26 Third Hand: October 27-October 31 Forth Hand: November 1-November 5 Fifth Hand: November 6-November 10 Eighth Passage Hand: November 11-November 15

 Ninth /month First Hand: November 16-November 20 Second Hand: November 21-November 25 Third Hand: November 26- November 30 Forth Hand: December 1-December 5 Fifth Hand: December 6-December 10 Ninth Passage Hand: December 11-December 15 Month of SE`VAR (The Second Resting) First Hand: December 16-December 20 Second Hand: December 21-December 25 Third Hand: December 26-December 30 Forth Hand: December 31-January 4 Fifth Hand: January 5-Jaunuary 9 Tenth Passage Hand: January 10-January 14

 Eleventh Month First Hand: January 15-January 19 Second Hand: January 20-January 24 Third Hand: January 25-January 29 Forth Hand: January 30-February 3 Fifth Hand: February 4-February 8 Eleventh Passage Hand: February 9-February 13 Twelfth Month First Hand: February 14-February 18 Second Hand: February 19-February 23 Third Hand: February 24-February 28 Forth Hand: March 1-March 5 Fifth Hand: March 6-March 10 Twelfth Passage Hand: March 11-March 15

The Waiting Hand: March 16-March 20

Gorean Holidays and Festivals:
Gorean New Year: On the day of the Vernal equinox (March 21), many northern Gorean cities, including Ar, celebrate the Gorean New Year. Typically upon this day a celebration takes place, doors are painted green, and a city-wide festival is held, lasting for two full Gorean hands (ten days). Every fourth year the New Year is celebrated on the extra day which occurs between the Waiting Hand and the day of the equinox.

Sardar Fairs: The Gorean equivalent of the World's Fair on Earth, these are four huge trade fairs which are held quarterly in the shadow of the Sardar Mountain Range. Each young person of Gor is expected to make a pilgrimage to the foot of the Sardar Mountains before he or she reaches their 25th birthday. They typically last ten full days (plus at least that long for set up and break down) and are scheduled to coincide with the solstices and equinoxes. Therefore, the four annual Fairs are:

The Fair of En'Kara (March 21st-March 30th)
The Fair of En`Var (June 19th-June 28th)
The Fair of Se`Kara (September 22nd-October 1st)
The Fair of Se`Var (December 21st-December 30th)

The Planting Feast of Sa-Tarna: A complex feast celebrated by most Gorean cities early during the growing season, and believed by many to ensure a plentiful harvest for the year ahead. Numerous rituals are performed during the three days of the feast (April 16th-18th) by members of the caste of Initiates, and members of each of the five high castes perform their own part of the ceremony during that three-day period. Most of these rituals consist of sacrifices or prayers to the Priest Kings conducted in the presence of the city Home Stone. On the final eve of the feast, the Home Stone is placed beneath the sky, typically atop the tallest cylinder in the city, and sprinkled with sa-tarna grain and ka-la-na wine by a dignitary of the city, often the Administrator, Ubar, or a member of the ruling family.

The Return to Turia: The last day of the Second Hand of En'Kara (March 30th) is traditionally the day which marks the beginning of The Season of Little Grass for the Wagon Peoples, and shortly thereafter they begin the long trek from their winter pastures back to Turia.

Games of Love War: The Wagon Peoples compete against the Warriors of Turia on the Plain of Stakes during the Second Passage Hand (May 15th-19th) in mid-spring, participating in various challenges and ceremonial-combats in order to exchange freewoman for slaves.

Taking fo the Omens: Every tenth year, dating from 10,119 CA (1969 AD), is considered by the Wagon Peoples to be an "Omen Year." Therefore, in 10,129 CA (1979 AD) and in 10,139 CA (1989 AD), the Wagon Peoples halted their annual trek past Turia and various Omens were divined by their haruspexes regarding the future of the tribes and the safety of the bosk. This ceremony typically occurs in late spring, sometime during the month of Camerius. The next such Omen Year will be 10,149 CA (1999 AD).

Turian New Year: The peoples of Turia and certain other southern regions officially celebrate their own new year on the day of the Summer Solstice (June 21st). A ten day period of revelry follows, similar to the New Year celebrations in northern cities.

Kajuralia: "The Festival of Slaves", it is held in most Gorean cities (except Port Kar, where it is not celebrated at all) on the last day of the Twelfth Passage Hand (March 15th). In Ar, it is celebrated on the last day of the fifth month (August 12th), the day which precedes the Love Feast. Upon this day, slaves may take liberties which are otherwise not permitted them during the year, including the drinking of wine and liquor, the freedom to roam at will (provided of course they do not attempt to escape from their owners permanently), the freedom to choose their own sexual partners and to couch with slaves of the opposite sex whom they find attractive, temporary suspension of all work and duties, and even the opportunity to play (minor) tricks and practical jokes upon freepersons. After the twentieth ahn, however, they are expected to be back in their respective kennels and slave quarters to resume the services required by their imbonded status; slaves who "go renegade" during Kajuralia are typically punished severely if recaptured, and are often executed for such an offense.

Love feast: Five day celebration within Ar, held during the Fifth Passage Hand (August 13th-17th). It is a time wherein many slaves are sold; the fourth day of the Love Feast (August 16th) is typically considered the climax of the festival in regard to the sale of slaves. The fifth day (August 17th) is normally reserved for great contests and spectacles in the Stadium of Blades, grand races in the Stadium of Tarns, great Kaissa championships and general celebratory feasting.

The Passing of Turia: The herds of the Wagon peoples traditionally pass closest to the city of Turia on or around the Second Hand of Se`Kara (September 22nd-26th).

Festival of the 25th of Se'kara: An annual Festival held in Port Kar to celebrate their great naval victory over the combined fleets of Cos and Tyros (October 11th).

The Thing: An annual celebration held in Torvaldsland, during which all of the shieldmen of the various Great Jarls travel to the Hall of their particular leader, submit their weaponry for inspection, and formally repledge their oaths of loyalty. The Thing usually occupies a span of from three to five days, and occurs sometime during the middle of the ninth Gorean month (mid-November), varying according to such factors as weather and the current political situation.

The Wintering: The nomadic herds of the Wagon peoples typically occupy their winter pastures during the period from the middle of the ninth Gorean month (late November) through the Second Hand of En'Kara (late March).

New Year: Wagon Peoples: The day of the Winter Solstice (December 21st) is celebrated by the Wagon Peoples as the first day of the new year, and marks the beginning of The Season of Snows. In addition, the women of the Wagon Peoples keep a calendar of their own, based upon the phases of the largest of the three Gorean moons. It consists of fifteen separate divisions, each named after one of the fifteen different kinds of bosk, for instance: "The Moon of the Brown Bosk", "The Moon of the Spotted Bosk", etc.

Carnivals: Held in many southern cities, notably Port Kar, during the five days of the Twelfth Passage Hand (March 11th-15th). During this celebration it is often customary to garb oneself in outlandish costumes or masks and attend various masquerade fetes and feasts.

The Waiting Hand: This is a five day period (March 16th-20th) during which doors are painted white, little food is eaten, little is drunk and there is no singing or public rejoicing in the city. Walls and doors are adorned with sprigs and branches from the brak bush to ward off ill-luck in the coming year. On the day of the Vernal equinox, the Ubar or Administrator of the city performs a ritual "greeting of the sun," after which doors are repainted and the brak foliage is removed, beginning a ten day period of general revelry.

Feast of Fools: This is a Festival celebrated in some Gorean cities on the last day of the Third Hand of the eighth Gorean month (October 31st). It is similar in many respects to the southern Festival known as Carnival, except it lasts only for the period of one night. Also known as the "Festival of the Cities of Dust," in homage to the spirits of the deceased who died during the last year..

References:
ahn -(noun): the Gorean hour of which there are 20 in a Gorean day, numbered consecutively. The tenth Ahn is noon and the twentieth is midnight. Each Ahn consists of forty Ehn or minutes, and each Ehn of eighty Ihn or seconds.
Book 2: Outlaw of Gor , page 26
Book 10: Tribesmen of Gor, page 352

Camerius -(noun): the third month of the Gorean calendar (in Ar and some other cities).
Book 5: Assassin of Gor, page 235

chronometer -(noun): variety of rare and valuable devices used for various calibrations such as time keeping, including candles, sun dials, sand glasses, clepsydras (water clocks), and oil clocks.
Book 25: Magicians of Gor, page 358

contasta -(adv.; lit. 'from the founding of Ar'): means of determining chronology; equivalent to the Earth term AD (Anno Domini) (abbrev: C.A.)
Book 2: Outlaw of Gor, page 179

Equinox, autumnal -(noun): (lit. The Second Turning of the Central Fire ); the month of Autumnal Equinox is Se`Kara or The Second Kara; also called Se`Kara Lar-Torvis
Book 2: Outlaw of Gor page 178

Equinox, vernal -(noun): (lit. The First Turning of the Central Fire); the month of Vernal Equinox is En'Kara or the First Kara; also called En`Kara Lar-Torvis.
Book 2: Outlaw of Gor, page 178

ehn -(noun): the Gorean minute of which there are 40 in an ahn (hour); it consists of 80 ihn (seconds).
Book 2: Outlaw of Gor, page 26
Book 10: Tribesmen of Gor, page 352

En'Kara -(noun; lit. 'first turning'): the first month of the Gorean calendar that of the vernal equinox which is the Gorean new year; roughly equivalent to the Earth calendar month of March.
Book 2: Outlaw of Gor, page 178

En'Var -(noun; lit. 'first resting'): the fourth month of the Gorean calendar that of the summer solstice roughly equivalent with the Earth calendar month of June.
Book 2: Outlaw of Gor, page 178

Fair of En'Kara -(holiday); one of four great fairs held in the shadow of the Sardar range in the first month of the Gorean year.
Book 3: Priest-Kings of Gor, page 8

hand, as chronology -(noun): the Gorean week consisting of five (5) days; as in Waiting Hand.
Book 5: Assassin of Gor, page 78

Hersius -(noun): the Gorean name for the planet, Jupiter. Named for a legendary hero of Ar. Note: an alternate spelling, i.e., 'Hesius', appears in later books in the series.
Book 5: Assassin of Gor, page 65
Book 22: Dancer of Gor, page 302

Kajuralia -(noun; lit. 'Festival of Slaves'): this holiday is celebrated in most northern civilized cities with the exception of Port Kar; many cities celebrate on the last day of the 12th Passage Hand but in Ar and some other cities on the last day of the 5th month the day before the Love Feast; in this day practical jokes from slaves are tolerated.
Book 5: Assassin of Gor, page 229

Omen Year -(noun): a season, rather than a year, calculated by the Wagon Peoples into three phases. The first phase is called the 'Passing of Turia', in the fall; the 'Wintering', which takes place north of Turia and south of the Cartius River, and, finally the 'Return to Turia' in the spring (also called 'Season of Little Grass'). The omens are taken near Turia by the haruspexes, mostly readers of bosk blood and verr livers. Depending on their determination an 'Ubar San' might be chosen, the Ubar of all the Peoples. In the time of Tarl Cabot, the omens had not been favorable for one hundred years.
Book 4: Nomads of Gor, pages 11-12

Passage Hand -(noun): the 5-day period between Gorean months which consist of five 5-day weeks.
Book 5: Assassin of Gor, page 78

Se'Kara -(noun; lit. 'second turning'): the seventh month of the Gorean calendar that of the autumnal equinox roughly equivalent to the Earth calendar month of September.
Book 2: Outlaw of Gor, page 178

Se'Kara-Lar-Torvis -(noun): The Second Kara or the Second Turning the month of the autumnal equinox but usually called simply Se'Kara
Book 2: Outlaw of Gor, page 178

Selnar -(noun): the third month of the Gorean calendar (in Ko-ro-ba and some other cities).
Book 5 Assassin of Gor, page 235

Se'Var -(noun; lit. 'second resting'): the tenth month of the Gorean calendar that of the winter solstice roughly equivalent with the Earth calendar month of December.
Book 2: Outlaw of Gor, page 178

Se'Var-Lar-Torvis - (noun): the Second Resting of the Central Fire simply known as Se'Var.
Book 2: Outlaw of Gor, page 178

Sardar Mountain Fairs -(noun): huge fairs held four times each year at the foot of the Sardar Mountains; they coincide with the equinoxes and solstices and are numbered chronologically. During of the Fair the area is neutral territory: no one may be enslaved at the Fair (though slaves captured elsewhere may be sold) & no blood may be spilled; serves as a trading point for information and merchandise; every Gorean is required to visit the Fair at least once before the age of 25.
Book 2: Outlaw of Gor, page 179

Sardar Mountain Fairs, En'Kara -(noun): occurs during the spring, one of the four great fairs held in the shadow of the Sardar during the Gorean year.
Book 20: Players of Gor, page 8

Sardar Mountain Fairs, En'Var -(noun): occurs during the summer solstice, one of the four great fairs held in the shadow of the Sardar during the Gorean year.
Book 5: Assassins of Gor, pages 78-79

Sardar Mountain Fairs, Se'Kara -(noun): occurs in the fall, one of the four great fairs held in the shadow of the Sardar during the Gorean year.
Book 5: Assassins of Gor, page 78

Sardar Mountain Fairs, Se'Var -(noun): occurs during the winter solstice, one of the four great fairs held in the shadow of the Sardar during the Gorean year.
Book 3: Priest-Kings of Gor, page 309

Theory of the Sun Shield -(noun): the theory that Gor has existed for thousands of years, orbiting directly opposite Earth, on the far side of the Sun.
Book 1: Tarnsman of Gor, page 33

lar -(noun): central; as in Lar-Torvis 'The Central Fire' .
Book 1: Tarnsman of Gor, page 28

Lar-Torvis -(noun)
: a Gorean term for the sun is The Central Fire taken from Pythagorean expressions.
Book 1: Tarnsman of Gor, page 28

Prison Moon -(noun): of the three moons orbiting Gor, the name given to one of the two smaller ones.
Book 5: Assassins of Gor, page 170

Waiting Hand -(noun): the 5-day period between the 12th Passage Hand and the beginning of the New Year which begins on the Vernal Equinox.
Book 5: Assassin of Gor, page 78

The above is courtesy of Central Fire thanks to that resource site

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