The Real Meaning and Origin of the Hammer, Sickle, and the Color Red. When most people see this symbol (above) they usually think of the Soviet Union, Lenin, Stalin, or maybe the Politburo (the decision making body of the Soviet Government) or the Red Army or revolution. What they often do not know is that the original meanings of the symbols mean something quite different from what the Bolsheviks made it out to be. (I know I do a lot of Lenin/Stalin bashing, and my friend who likes Lenin and Stalin will probably have my head for this, but what the hell)..
"Lenin" by David Shub Revised edition published 1966, 1969, 1971
2. "A People's Tragedy: The Russian Revolution 1891-1924" by Orlando Figes, published 1996
3. "Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution: A Political Biography-1888-1938" by Stephen Cohen, published 1971, 1973
4. "Nikolai Bukharin: The Last Years" by Roy Medvedev, published 1980
5. "Soviet Politics In Transition" by Joan DeBardeleben, published 1992
6. "Stalin: The First In Depth Biography Based on Explosive New Documents From Russia's Secret Archives" by Edvard Radzinsky, published 1996
7. "Hitler, Stalin, and Mussolini: Totalitarianism in the Twentieth Century" by Bruce Pauley, published 1997
8. "This I Cannot Forget" by Anna Larina, published first in Russian in 1988
9. "Who Killed Kirov?" by Amy Knight, published 1999
10. "The Life and Death of Lenin" by Robert Payne, published 1964
11. "The KGB" by Peter Deriabin and T.H. Bagley, published 1990.
12. "The Cheka, Lenin's Political Police: The All - Russian Extraordinary Comission for Combating Counterrevolution and Speculation, December 1917- February 1922" by George Leggett, published 1981