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The Government of China

Formally, the National People's Congress (NPC) is the most powerful organ of state, and elects all those with the principal executive functions: the president and vice-president of the People's Republic, the premier and vice-premier of the State Council (after nomination by the president), other members of the State Council and the heads of individual ministries. The State Council reports to the NPC or, when the Congress is not sitting, to its Standing Committee. The NPC is held every five years and attended by some 3,000 delegates drawn from the provincial administrations, the military and various state organs. The NPC membership and all major appointments are ultimately under the control of the Chinese Communist Party, whose 22-member Politburo is effectively the country's governing body.