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[NI007] Had grey eyes and dark brown hair (it looked more black).

SSN 189-14-4336, Military ID Number: 336-81-554

U.S. Army Artillery and cook from 7/15/42 to 2/1/1946 (Private, PFC, Corporal).

On her husband Willard Passauer, from Tri-City., Oil City, Franklin,
Titusville Edition of the Times-News, Sun., June 26, 1983, front page
of Section C, "Living."

by Marge Olejniczak

"I have always believed that when someone is faced with adversity something good will come out of it," smiles Willard (Bill) Passauer who discovered his latent artistic talent five years ago when ill health forced an early retirement.

"I was recuperating in the hospital from a heart attack when the doctor told me I had to give up my job or be prepared to face the consequences. I had too many blockages for a bypass operation so I had to learn to live with my condition," says Bill who adds that this depressing news matched his mood and followed him home to a long gloomy winter.

Unaccustomed to inactivity after 36 years of employment as a salesman, Bill says it was sheer boredom that prompted him to take a friend's advice and try painting as a hobby. "I bought an acrylic kit, I couldn't use oil paints because of a liver condition, dabbled a bit, took some classes from Harry Hickman and that's about it. I didn't know I had that talent," he smiles with genuine amazement at his progress.

Indeed, Bill's artistry earned him several ribbon awards from entries he submitted over the years to the Kennerdell, PA Art Festival and Pennbank's Graphic VII Art Contest.

Several friends and relatives have benefited from his artworks, given as gifts but Bill says he has never sold a painting. "None other than the one when I was in the hospital and my doctor asked me to paint his cottage. I asked him, 'On canvas? 'Well, I 'sold' it for what (material cost) I had in it, but I don't do this to make a profit. Actually, at first, my wife didn't want to part with any of my paintings and secondly, no one knows me," he chuckles modestly. Bill shares his talent by placing his paintings in the First Baptist Church where they can be viewed by his fellow parishioners.

Two years ago Bill tried his hand at carving wood birds and ducks, an area of interest sparked by the couple's trips to Maine's seashore. He purchased a $7.95 kit and set about learning the intricate art.

Throughout the couple's home are magnificent replicas of mallard ducks, sanderlings, sandpipers etc. which Bill fashions in his workshop equipped with a band saw, table saw, radial arm, belt sander, drill press and an assortment of carving tools. "I have a lot to learn yet," he says eagerly.

Two-and-a-half years ago Bill had a pacemaker implanted and says that physically he tires too quickly to spend the amount of time he would like to at his hobby. Nevertheless, on his drawing board are plans to make a working decoy. "I'll use two by six boards, glued together, hollowed out and weighted so waves can't flip it over."

Researching water fowl is as much a part of his hobby as is carving. Leafing through a book, Bill says that many birds were over hunted to the point of extinction. "Hunters aren't allowed to shoot shore birds anymore but years ago hunters used decoys to attract the birds to their blinds. Peep birds, for example, that look a lot like young sanderlings, were shot by the hundreds and sold to restaurants for peep pie."

Places of residence;

Birth to 1947 - Lucinda, PA
1947-1953 - 211 Imperial St., Oil City, PA
1953-1956 - 411 Hoffman Ave., Oil City, PA
1956-1959 - State Street, Oil City, PA
1959-1962 - 509 Innis St., Oil City, PA
1962-1971 - 405 West 6th St., Oil City, PA
1971- ? - Coal Hill, PA
? - 1997 - 10 Little Pine Place, Franklin, PA
"A Hole-In-One, But There's No Cash" from the book: "Slow Lane in Oil City, by Steve Szalewicz, 1989. Copy of book at the home of William L. Passauer as of 1997.

It was neither long nor short. Bill Passauer of Franklin could not locate his tee shot on a 133-yard, par-three hole at Speer's Golf Course, Dempseytown, PA.

Cal Gilmore of Franklin and yours truly were playing with Passauer. Cal, in answer to Bill's puzzling observation that he could not see his ball as he stood on the fringe of the No. 3 green, suggested in jest that Passauer should "look in the hole."

Sure enough it was there for what every golfer, duffer or professional, strives to attain, a hole-in-one.

Barb and Lawrence Myers of Franklin had 3ust finished playing No. 3 and were at the nearby No. 4 tee when Passauer's lofty No. 7 shot hit the fringe on No.3 and hopped in a straight line into the cup.

Lil and Bud Bromley followed us near enough to share in the excitement when Passauer discovered his ball in the cup.

Passauer on the other hand took the discovery as a matter-of-fact ... as if hole-in-one was something that happened to him frequently. He appeared as they say today, "laid back" about the feat. Nonchalant.

It's in the cup, he announced. No high fives. No wild whoops. Just cool, man, cool.

Squinting, Cal and yours truly had seen the swing. High and straight for the cup. But the No-3 green slopes away with enough pitch to take any ball except one with a lot of backspin over the lower bunker and into a wooded ditch. Out of sight.

According to Doris Speer, a hole-in-one occurs at Speer's about once in every 2,000 shots at either No.3, No.5, or No.7. They are the short holes.

Most patrons at Speer's are "glad" for Passauer. Last February he underwent a difficult and dangerous heart operation in Pittsburgh.

He began to play golf about five years ago when he left employment with a disability. He is secretary of the 85-member Tuesday morning Senior Citizen's League at Speer's. As such he keeps an up-to-the-minute account of all scores, handicaps, dues, prizes, birdies, pars, etc.

He does that job expertly. Everyone now congratulates him. Couldn't have happened to a nicer fellow, as the saying goes.

Only one thing wrong with this feat. He should have pulled the stunt on a Tuesday morning in league play. It would have been worth at least $240.

July 1984

[NI008] Written by Doris Harrington Passauer's son, William Lee Passauer on Dec. 10, 1997 on the event of her death.

The last time I was able to talk to my mother was on Friday morning, November 14, 1997. I had always called her at least twice a week, every Monday and Friday, at around 8:00AM. Mom always looked forward to these calls as I did. It was an opportunity for both of us to "touch" each other and to share experiences and news that had happened to each of us during the week. On this particular Friday, mom was unusually full of life and happiness. This, of course, was not due to my call, but due to a friend mom had met several months before. William Wade Weeter, (Wade) was becoming more and more important in her life.

Mom had met Wade approximately two months earlier. While mom had remained without male friendship for the four years since my father's death, for some reason, Wade was special. Mom was at the Franklin Park, in downtown Franklin, PA, with several friends when Wade came up to them to chat. Mom was introduced but Wade left shortly after and began to speak with another woman near by. Mom mentioned to her friends that, "she might be a nice lady for Wade," when her friend stated that the woman was married. That was all of the contact they had for about two weeks. According to Wade, it took him three tries before he got up enough nerve to call mom on the telephone. When mom answered, Wade asked, Are you the lady I met in the park." He asked her this because my father's name was still listed in the Franklin telephone book and not mothers'. Mom said she was the same lady and agreed to allow him to come over so they could talk.

During their first visit, Wade made one trip around the block before he got the nerve to pull into the driveway. Wade explained to mom that he had just lost his wife several months before, and was just looking for someone to spend some time with, to go to dinner with, etc. but nothing serious. Mom agreed that she also wanted nothing serious to happen, mainly because her health was failing. Because of a failed right cardiac artery operation, that had totally closed up in only three months after the operation, and continuing failing health due to her five heart bypass operation that was further complicated by her sugar diabetes. They agreed to be just friends.
However, this quickly dissolved into a more serious relationship as they began to see each other every day. This scared Wade after three weeks, so he told my mother over lunch that he felt they should see each other less often. Mom, being an all-or-nothing person reacted as if he didn't want to see her any more at all. She became very distraught over the situation.

When Suzanne and I came home in October, they still weren't back together and as a result, I didn't meet Wade because I thought the affair was over. However, shortly after I returned to Virginia, mom entered the Franklin Hospital over a reaction to her recent flue shot and medication. Once Wade learned that she was in the hospital, he began to call or visit her every day. After mom was released from the hospital, they began to see each other every day once again.

On Saturday, November 15, 1997, Wade and my mother attended a Church dinner in the Seneca, PA area. While there, they each spoke and carried-on with friends they knew. At the end of dinner Wade had a piece of the chocolate cake they served for desert.

After dinner, Wade and mom returned to my mother's home at 10 Little Pine Place, Franklin, PA. They were setting in the family room setting on the sofa, furthest away from the entrance door, with mom setting to Wade's right, talking with Wade's arm around her neck. Mom had joked with Wade that although he had eaten some chocolate cake at the dinner for desert, he was still going to have a piece of the two pumpkin pies that she had freshly made that day. They continued to talk until mom stated, "I'll bet your going to wish you had taken out a million dollar life insurance policy on me." With that last completed statement her head fell to Wade's shoulder and her body weight began to press against his right side. Wade turned to mom and said, "Doris, what are you doing." As there was no response, Wade laid mom gently down on the couch and dialed 911. The 911 emergency operator immediately began to give Wade instructions on how to perform CPR.

As this was happening, neighbors of my mother (Kris and Tom Cummings) that had moved two blocks away, heard the 911 call for 10 Little Pine coming over their radio scanner. The call stated that the lady had arrested and that an elderly gentleman was performing CPR. Tom immediately ran toward mom's home.

The weather was miserable that evening, as it was snowing and many accidents had occurred. As a result, it took much longer than usual for medical assistance to arrive. Tom Cummings and a fire truck arrived at the same time--after about 10 minutes. The paramedic entered the home, pushed the coffee table away from the couch, laid mom down on the floor, cut off her clothing and began to use the automated electro shock to her heart in an effort to revive her. Wade told me later that while he was performing CPR, he was able to get her to breath on her own for about six breaths. Wade also stated that the paramedics were also able to occasionally get her heart to
beat two or three times before it would quit again. This occurred every once in awhile at the house.

While the paramedics were there working, Kris Cummings called our home at 15052, Greymont Dr., Centreville, VA, where Suzanne and I were dining with my nephew Joseph William Stiller and a girl friend of his. Joey had been staying with us over the weekend as he had accomplished some of his college work in History at the Smithsonian Institute in Washington DC. Interrupting our dinner, Suzanne answered the telephone. I remember almost telling her not to answer the telephone and to let the answering machine answer the call. When Suzanne answered the telephone, she almost immediately took on a worried look. Suzanne then began to repeat what
she had been told, that it was Kris Cummings, that they had heard on their scanner that mom had arrested, and that an elderly gentleman was performing CPR. Kris was very concerned about calling us like that with the news. After Suzanne finished the call, I called the Franklin Hospital to see if mom was there. The Emergency room said that she wasn't, so I called mom's home at (814) 437-5086. Wade answered the telephone. I introduced myself, and Wade stated in a very sorrowful tone, "I think we lost her." I turned and told everyone setting there what Wade had said. While I was on the telephone with Wade, the paramedics were still attempting to revive mother. It felt very strange to be talking on the telephone with Wade while men were working in the same room on my mother. Wade stated that he would stay with her and call us from the hospital as soon as he knew anything.

We waited for approximately one-half hour before the telephone rang. When I answered the telephone, Wade told me that mom was gone. According to Wade, the hospital was also able to get an occasional series of two to three beats before the heart would stop again. They pronounced mom dead at 7:30PM November 15, 1997.

After calling us, Wade returned to mom's house to clean up the family room and probably to set and cry before going home.

In speaking with Wade afterward in mom's family room, Wade lamented that he had never told mom that he loved her. He stated that he was not able to commit himself to her so soon after the death of his own wife four months before. I explained that mom knew that he loved her and understood why he couldn't say those magic words. I also understood how Wade would regret not having said those words.

We as a family are very grateful that William Wade Weeter came into our mother's life in the two months before her death. We called him our Angel that was sent by heaven to be with mom in her final days. Wade made mother's final days very happy. We were also blessed that Wade was with her in her last minutes, that she didn't die alone, and that as a family we knew how mom died--peacefully with no warning nor pain.

[NI011] Graduated from Judson College, Elgin, IL Dec. 1996. Major was Elementary Education.

[NI013] Robert Lee's obituary states he was born on June 4, 1895 while the 1900 census has him born June 5, 1895.

Fought in the 1st World War in France. Was gassed.

[NI014] Freda's mother died when Freda was 8 years old.

Freda, her mother and sister Irma all had a son die at age 13.

From William Lee Passauer: My grandmother Freda died in bed while Robert Lee Passauer was down stairs taking a shower. He found her when came back to the bed room. My father received the call from his dad early one morning before I got out of bed to go to school.

[NI015] His sister's son is William Clinger, a U.S. Congressman from Warren, PA during the 1980s and 1990s.

Willard Herman Passauer is named after him. (His grandfather)

Buried at Fagundus, PA, Warren County.

[NI016] Question about middle name: Sina Mariah Watson or Marie?

From Florence Archer Ross to Doris Passauer - said her mother was very high strung.

Freda, her mother Sina and sister Irma all had a son die at age 13.

[NI017] Died age 13.

[NI019] Freda, her mother Sina and sister Irma all had a son die at age 13.

[NI020] Donna died in Buffalo, NY.

[NI021] Buried at Kingsley Cemetery. Believed to be near Centerville, PA.

[NI022] Married a Ross.

[NI024] Middle name Edward or John?

[NI025] Auto mechanic.

[NI031] Lanny was in the US Navy from 1968 to 1971 and has an Associate degree in Business from new castle Business College. His hoetown is East Brady, PA.

[NI035] 1st wife.

[NI038] Killed age 13 bicycle accident.

[NI042] Occupation: Farmer
From Norma Passauer's family bible: John George Passauer's middle name is "Washington."
From: The St. Lukes Evang. Lutheran & Reform Church (1844-1928) church records:
Confirmation (When he joined the church)
17 Jan 1875 (page 16)
By: Pastor F. E. Fickeissen
Child Parents Born
Bossouer, Johann Joh. Bosseuer (Deceased) 13 May 1855 (Passauer)

Note by W. L. Passauer: This is obviously John George Passauer as his father John George Passauer was dead at this time.
Note: spelling is correct per the census record. According to the 1900 Census report for Forest Co., Roll # 1412, Sheet # 2, Enumeration District # 52; Passaur, John (age 45, born May 1855 in OH, works as a sawyort saw mill (Ed. note saws logs at a saw mill)) is the head of the household. He, his wife Emmaline (age 39, born Jan. 1861in PA), ..........TBD

From John Douglass Passauer - John was unusually tall for his day. John stood over six feet tall with black hair and blue eyes. He was a lumberman and farmer. The fact that he had sugar diabetes didn't stop him from having nine boys and four girls.

As told to Newton Passauer by his grandfather McWilliams to William Passauer - "I'll take this opportunity to share a story that my grandfather McWilliams told me about my grandfather John George Passauer(JG). JG was a large powerful man. A stone mason by trade. As a kid, I was shown a corner stone in a church near Tionesta that was about 51 X 21 X 11. When JG told his apprentice to give a hand to lift it in place, the apprentice refused. JG put it in place by himself. Another time he was trying to get a team of horses to pull a machine up into the second floor of the barn. They couldn't do it. He hit them both on the head with a 2 by 4 and killed them with a single blow. He then went and bought a team of oxen that did the job."

Told to William Passauer by Newton Passauer - "There were many stories around about your grandfather (Robert Lee) and his brothers. They were rather rowdy, ear biting eye gougers with bad tempers."

From John Douglass Passauer - There is a story about one of the brothers (unknown) being injured during hay season by a hired hand who cut him with a scythe. I recall my Grandfather referring to him angrily as a "nitwit.' I don't have any other details on this - which brother and whether he recovered.

From Crystel Passauer via her father Archie. John died from a scythe cut on the leg done by a crazy hired man. John had diabetes. There was no insulin then. Lived on a farm in Tionesta, Forest Co, PA. Was in the lumber business and a stone mason. A Louis Passauer visited us in the 1920s from Cleveland,OH. He was past 50 yrs. old then. He was believed to be a cousin of John George. Archie said we don't know if he lived in Cleveland, OH or was visiting there.

The following information is listed for the photograph of the 8 Passauer brothers found in the scrap book. Based upon ages of the boys with Arnold being the oldest and Archie being the baby, William L. Passauer has listed the following names on the photo. First, based upon the age of Archie, I believe the photo was taken in 1893. That would make the brothers from back to front, left to right as follows:

Benjamin 9 yrs.
Arnold 14 yrs.
Les 13 yrs.
Roy 4 years
Fred 11 yrs.
Earl 6 yrs
Archie 0 yrs.

[NI043] Spelling of Sacketter is from son Earl's birth Certificate. Spelling of first name, Emeline, is from her grave marker.

Sometimes Emaline's last name is given as Mealy. This is incorrect. Emaline Sacketter's father died and her mother re-married a Mealy but she was not adopted.

There is some question about where she died: Armonstrong County or Tionesta, PA.

According to Newton Passauer - Emaline may have been three months pregnant when they got married.

According to James Passauer - Emaline was of Welch ancestry.

From John Douglass Passauer - Emaline was five feet five inches with auburn hair and gray eyes. She had heart trouble - a ruptured valve.

From Lynne Noel - From Aunt Helen's memory: Emaline Sacketer had Irish ancestors, I would guess probably her father's mom. Since he grandfather came from Wales. From Aunt Helen's & mother's (Marjorie) memory: Comstock & Cockran were in their mother's ancestry.

newton R. Passauer has Emmeline born in Kittaning, Armstrong Co., PA.

[NI044] From Armstrong County, PA.

According to Norma Passauer, John was a meat butcher.

[NI045] From Butler, PA.

[NI046] The 1990 Forest Co., PA census shows Arnold A. being born in January 1879 rather than February 05, 1879. Gladys Passauer believes Arnold was born on Jan. 25, 1879.

Some question about his death date: 1942 or 1943?

Arnold lived for awhile in Oklahoma, possibly was working with his brother Lester in the Oklahoma oil fields. See father's obituary. Was living in Oklahoma when his father died.

According to Archie Passauer, Arnold worked in the Penna. oil fields.

Buried in the Venus, PA Cemetery.

[NI047] Leslie's first name is spelled Lester in his father's obituary (Lester Allison Passauer). Was living in Oklahoma when his father died.

According to the 1900 Forest Co., PA census, roll 1412, sheet #2, Leslie was born on April 1880.

According to Archie Passauer, Lester worked in the Oklahoma oil fields.

[NI048] In the 1900 census, his name is Fred J. Passauer.

There is some question about the spelling of his name: John Fredrick or John Frederick.

As told by Doris Passauer, Willard Passauer's wife. - Willard H. Passauer use to drive for Fred. Fred once told Willard, "When I go somewhere, I want to be there instantly. If you can't drive this car any faster, I'll find someone else that can." Can you imagine being a young man, living in a day when there weren't many cars on the highway, no speed limits, and the adult your driving wants you to drive as fast as you can. WOW!

Lived in white brick house beside church in Venus, PA.

Obituary states he worked for North Penn Gas Co. for over 44 years until he retirement on Jan. 1, 1955. He was a member of the trinity Evangelical United Brethern Church of Venus, PA.

[NI049] SSN 191-03-9321

Earl was a stone mason since 1909 of churches, Foxburg library (still standing in 1997), stone homes (see one on Walnut St. in Emlenton, PA still in very good shape in 1997).

According to his daughter Norma Passauer as told to William Passauer, the white columns on the Foxburg Library were carved by Earl. Each column is from one piece of stone. See photo in scrap book.

Buried in the Emlenton Cemetery, Emlenton PA.

[NI050] The 1900 Forest Co., PA census has Charles born in March 1886 however, his obituary (see scrapbook) has him born in 1885. The 1900 Washington Twp., Clarion Co., PA census also has a Passour that appears to be Charles that was born in Mar. 1886. According to this census, Charles was living with the McKinney(?) family (at the same time he is on his father's census roll) working as a farm Labor servant.

Spelling of name from Norma Passauer's family bible: Charles Addison Passauer. Charles' son Melvin says his father's name is Charles Albert Passauer.

According to Archie Passauer, Charles worked in the Penna. oil fields. Confirmed by son Melvin Passauer.

Buried at Riverside Cemetery, Tionesta, PA. Confirmed by son Melvin Passauer.

[NI052] According to Crystel Passauer, Bernice is buried at Wolfes Corner, PA.

[NI053] Some question about the spelling of her name: Lillian Mae or Lillian May?

Burned family Bible, with all family history, in the farm fire place.

Buried Wolfe's Corners Cemetery, Wolfe's Corners, PA.

[NI054] Spelling of name from Norma Passauer's family bible: Benjamin Franklin Passauer.

Accompanied Leslie to Oklahoma to work in the oil fields. He was killed on a well, at age 21, by a well cable that wrapped around his head and ripped it off.

[NI055] The first recorded Passauer ancestor in the United States was John George Passauer b. Abt. 1828 in ___________ of the Alsace-Lorraine District of France. According to older family members (Robert Lee and James Archie Passauer), John came to the United States with three or four other brothers (Joseph, Louis, Christopher, and a possible unknown). These same family members believe the brothers entered the United States through New Orleans, LA although there is currently no documented evidence of this. However, even in 1997, there are Passauers living in the LA area. Contact with Sylvia, Charles and Louis Passauer in LA is providing possible evidence of this relationship as Louis is sending me a paper on the Passauers that he wrote in 1997.

John George Passauer was married to Mariann (Mary) Dollmyer, b. July 14, 1828 in Germany. Cincinnati, OH Court House marriage records show John Passour married Mary Dullmeier on September 5, 1851. There is no minister name so apparently this was a civil ceremony. Somehow, they settled in Cincinnati, OH where she became pregnant with John George Passauer Jr. b. May 13, 1855 in Cincinnati, OH. Mary was 26 years old when she had John George Jr. John George must have died very soon after Mary's conception as John George Jr. was born almost nine months, to the day, after his father's death.

After John George Jr. was born, Mary moved to Pinegrove Township, Venango Co., PA to live with her parents Heinrich (Henry) Dollmyer and Magdalene Nee Hauck. According to the 1860 census of Venango Co., PA, Mary Dollmyer traveled to PA with only one child (John George Jr.). There, Mary met Fredrick (Fred) Miller. The history of Venango county states that Fredrick Miller and Mary Dollmyer were married in 1856. Mary had seven more children to Fred Miller. The 1860 Venango Co., PA census shows that John George Jr. was not living with his mother and new husband but was living with his grandparents, Henry Dollmyer and Magdalene Nee Hauck. Henry Dollmyer, b. February 07, 1798 in Hulst Rheinbayern, (Germany) and Magdalene Nee Hauck b. Abt. 1802 in Bavaria appear to have arrived in the Pinegrove Township, Venango Co., PA about Oct. 1854 as recorded in the St. Luke's Evang. Lutheran & Reform Church of Venus, PA. Church records. (Oct. 1854 is the first time their names appear in the communion church records).

John George's birthday is based upon his wife's birthday and the information the family has passed down (James Archie Passauer) that he died in his twenties.

From Crystel and Norma Passauer - A marriage license is on record for a Passauer in Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris France. Neither has seen the marriage license.

From Cleo Passauer - Came from Alsace-Lorraine District of France with five brothers. Uncle Earl had the naturalization papers for John Passauer. His son must have them now or maybe Norma does. William Passauer talked to Norma Passauer and Earls son John in the beginning of 1997. Neither one is aware of anyone that might have John George's naturalization papers.

From Cleo Passauer - The Passauers spoke German because the land was in Germany and then France (so much back and forth [from wars]).

From Crystel Passauer via her father Archie Passauer. John George died in his 20's and is buried in Cincinnati, OH.

Death date from a Coffin receipt. See image of receipt in the scrapbook.

Research Information by William Passauer:

Various spellings of the Passauer name:
Bassauer, Bossour, Possour, Posour, Passaur from old church records and census information.

4-7-97 - Called Hamilton County Ohio court house about obtaining birth and death certificates for any Passauer family members living there in the 1850s. The clerk stated that there were no such records kept in the 1850's.

4-7-97 - Called Fairfax County, VA, library Virginia room. They looked up John G. Passauer and then for any Passauer in the 1850 Ohio Census Index. There were no Passauers anywhere in the index. This could mean the Passauers had not moved there yet, their name was misspelled, or they had changed the spelling of their name. Please note the spelling of Passauer on the coffin receipt in the scrapbook.

Other research done:

From Lynne Noel - Ohio Census Index 1830 and 1840 - nothing. Tax list index for Hamilton Co. - records only go to 1838 (film # 599.499). Index to 1810 census of Penna. Passauer - none.

History of Lorraine

Celtic tribes lived in Lorraine before the Romans occupied the region. Divodurum, which will become Mettis, and later Metz, is one of the main towns of the Roman Gaul.

After the invasion of the Huns, Franks and Alamans cohabit in Lorraine with Gallo-Romans. From this time, a language frontier which will survive until nowadays, splits Lorraine between Germanic people, who live mainly in the north of the region, and Gallo-Romanic people in the south.

Lorraine forms part of the Kingdom of Austrasia which includes regions today called Belgium, Holland, Champagne, Rhineland and Alsace. This kingdom, which lies at the center of Charlemagne's Empire, goes to Lothar I, and becomes Lothringen in 855 when it becomes the kingdom of Lothar II.

In 959, the territory is split into two parts: the Dukedom of Lower Lorraine which spreads from the North Sea to Luxembourg, and the Dukedom of Upper Lorraine which is almost what will be later the province of Lorraine, the region of Trier added. The cities of the Three Dioceses - Metz, Toul and Verdun - are excluded from this share. The County of Bar is founded and it goes to the Duke of Upper Lorraine.

From 1047, the dynasty which begins with Gérard of Alsace will provide sovereigns to the Dukedom of Lorraine for more than three centuries.

In 1301, the "moving Barrois" is created on the left bank of the Meuse river under the protection of the King of France.

In 1354, the County of Bar becomes a Dukedom.

René II, Count of Vaudémont opposes Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, who dies near Nancy in 1477.

Metz and some lords of the German Lorraine are in favor of the Reformation, but
Lutheranism and Calvinism have only a limited audience in the Dukedom. Antoine, son of René II, encourages the Counter Reformation. In 1525, he defeats the revolted peasants in Saverne. In 1552, France occupies the cities of Metz, Toul and Verdun, putting an end to the independence of the Three Dioceses.

After 1630, the population of Lorraine is decimated by war and plague. In 1648, the Three Dioceses - Metz, Toul and Verdun - are integrated into the Kingdom of France.

In 1670, the Dukedom is invaded by French troops. The Treaty of Ryswick, drawn up in 1697, returns Lorraine to the Duke Léopold I who must give up Longwy and Dillingen.

In 1766, at the death of Stanislas Leszczynski, father-in-law of Louis XV the King of
France, Lorraine becomes part of France. Three territories which belong to German families become foreign enclaves : the abbey of Senones which belongs to the Princes of Salm, the County of Dabo which belongs to the Leiningen family, and Drulingen which belongs to the Counts of Nassau-Sarrebrück.

In 1790, Lorraine is divided in 4 departments: Meurthe, Meuse, Moselle and Vosges.

The annexation of the foreign enclaves takes place in 1793.

In 1815, Lorraine loses Sarrelouis and Sarrebrück to the benefit of Prussia.

In 1871 after the French defeat, almost all the department of Moselle and a part of the department of Meurthe are annexed by Germany. According to the Treaty of Franckfurt, the inhabitants of Lorraine may choose to keep their French nationality and leave the annexed territories before October 31st 1872. In Metz, 20 % of the population left the city.

Between 1914 and 1918, the first World War devastates the agricultural areas around Verdun and Pont-à-Mousson, but the industrial areas are preserved. The annexed territories return to France at the end of the war.

Between 1940 and 1944, Moselle is re-annexed by Germany. More than 100,000 French speaking people are ejected. Eventually Moselle returns to France in 1945.

History of Alsace

Even if the name of Alsace appeared first in the 7th Century, the origin of the name of this province is unsure. It could be of German origin (Alis-lauti-sat : a founding in a foreign country), of Celtic origin (Alis-atia : the area at the bottom of a mountain), or it could derive from the words Ell (Ill river) Sass (inhabitant in old German).

The Romans occupied the plain of Alsace and they were followed by the Alamans after the Great Invasions which happened as soon as the 4th Century.

Alsace was part of the Holy Roman Empire from the 9th Century until 1648 when it became part of France.

From the 12th Century, many peasants leave their fields and they become craftsmen or shopkeepers in towns which are growing. Strasbourg liberates itself of the protection of its bishop, and becomes a free city in 1262. Colmar, Sélestat and Obernai are surrounded by walls.

In 1354, the towns of Munster, Turckheim, Kaysersberg, Sélestat, Obernai, Rosheim,
Wissembourg, Haguenau, Colmar and Mulhouse join together to form a league, the
Decapole, which is put under the imperial protection, but remains however independent. The region suffers many disasters like the invasion of troops during the Hundred Years War, a Black Death outbreak in 1349, and everlasting feudal wars.

From 1519 in Strasbourg, thanks to Gutenberg, printing presses can be used to publish Luther's works. As soon as the end of the 15th Century, the flaws of the society, more particularly those of the clergy, are fought against. The Reformation spreads. In the country, a rebellion roars among the peasants who hope for an improvement in their condition. Armed bands muster and a bloody war occurs, ending in 1525 after the slaughter of 18,000 peasants.

In 1555, the Peace of Augsbourg clarifies the distribution of Catholics and Protestants
across the country : you choose the religion of the lord who owns the land you live in.

Between 1618 and 1648, Alsace becomes a battlefield for the armies of the Thirty Years War. The soldiers ransack villages and slaughter their inhabitants. The region loses more than half its population. In 1648, Alsace, broken up into many lordly territories, becomes French by the Treaty of Westphalia. However Alsace keeps many particularities in its institutions and in its traditions. The revocation of the Edict of Nantes was not applied and the use of the French language was not made compulsory, even if German was the usual written language of most Alsatians. However French becomes the official language, and the Catholic religion
becomes the only acknowledged religion, but predominant Catholics cohabit with Lutheran or reformed Protestants, all of them having their parishes.

The capitulation of Strasbourg occurs in 1681and sets the city as a part of France, but its privileges in local administration and in religion matters are still preserved. The Treaty of Ryswick, drawn up in 1697, confirms the annexation of Alsace to France.

During the French Revolution, on July 21st 1789 as the people hears of the fall of the
Bastille, the city hall of Strasbourg is ransacked. The departments of Bas-Rhin and of Haut-Rhin are created in1790. The Revolution puts Alsace under the same laws as the rest of France, overturning habits and mentalities.

Between 1870 and 1918, the region, except an area that will become later the Territoire de Belfort, is annexed by the Germans. Alsace becomes an "Imperial Territory" (Reichsland) and gains a particular regime in many domains. The province returns to France at the end of the First World War, and remains French until 1940.

Annexed to the 3rd German Reich during the Second World War, Alsace returns to France when it is liberated on March 20th, 1945.

About Alsace-Lorraine

Alsace and partly Lorraine became German after the French defeat of 1870. It was
only from 1871 when the Treaty of Frankfurt which stated the split of Lorraine was
signed, that the expression Alsace-Lorraine (Imperial Territory of Alsace-Lorraine
- Reichsland Elsaß-Lothringen) was used.

From Lorraine, the Prussians annexed a territory which is nowadays the department of Moselle. The whole territory of what is now the French region of Alsace was annexed too.

On May 10th 1871, the Treaty of Frankfurt confirms the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine by the Prussians, and states that its inhabitants will be allowed to declare that they want to keep their French nationality and leave the region before October 31st 1872. After this date, they would become German. About 250,000 inhabitants of Alsace-Lorraine chose to keep their French nationality. They left their friends and their houses behind them. But many others remained and protested against their incorporation to the German Empire without their consent.

Under German administration, the province is divided into three regions : Lorraine
(Lothringen), Upper Alsace (Oberelsasz) and Lower Alsace (Unterelsasz). These regions become the departments of Moselle, of Haut-Rhin and of Bas-Rhin when they return to France in 1918. The annexation of Alsace-Lorraine to the German Empire give to this province institutions copied from the German system or kept from the French system, and some which are completely new. Local law, to which Alsatians are so devoted and which relates to domains like real estate, social insurance, religion and education, hunting or associations, will remain into effect after the return to France in 1918, and even after 1945.

During the first World War, about 250,000 soldiers of Alsace-Lorraine are mobilized in the German army, but 17,000 volunteers join the French troops and they are then followed by many deserters. After November 1918, the return of Alsace-Lorraine to France takes place with some difficulties: expulsion of about 110,000 inhabitants of full or of partial German origin, blunders of the French administration which aggravate autonomist feelings.
We think of the Alsace and Lorraine as a hyphenated entity, but, like Tennessee-Kentucky, 'tain't really so. These "Grenzgebiete" (borderlands, to which we can add the Saar/Sarre) have shifted allegiances throughout history with the most recent war (there was a Volksabstimmung/plebiscite after WW II under which the Saar, while in the French Zone of Occupation, became part of the Federal Republic of Germany. The Alsace/Elsass has a German-speaking majority but went to France; the
Lorraine/Lothringen also). Both France and Germany have histories of being nasty neighbors on occasion, and these border areas routinely get trampled, then swapped around. Hardy folks, these Grenzgaenger! ("border folks").
NOTE: From a letter received from the Alsace news group 7-29-97.

I got a letter today from my newly found 2nd cousin, Dr. Robert Dorgler who lives in Alsace. He is 67 yrs. old..........I am 62. I will not correct it in any I feel his English very good........just writes somewhat differently than we do. He had just received a huge package I had sent to him........and wanted to let me know. I think some of you will enjoy this.
Louise SCHURRA King
La Jolla, CA

Dear Louise,
Just a few words to let you know that I received your last letter of May 20 when coming home from a fortnight holiday the first half of July, a monument of information and documents. I'll need some time to explore and send you my comment later, thanks so much for it.
As soon as possible I'll fix it together as there are some erroneous
combinations, as I will explain below.

Concerning Alsace, Elsass in German, that is a German speaking country,
occupied only in 1648 by the french king Louis XIV, Strassburg much later in 1696, being a free town before, still speaking, teaching and writing documents in German. (Gothic writing) Napoleon. I introduced french writing for documents, and we, ourselves, spoke Esdaesserditsch as a mother's language, that's a local German called Allemanisch, the same kind as the German spoken on the other side of the Rhine river, Baden.
During the years 1930 till second world 1939, we had to learn French at school, still speaking our dialect at home and in town; older people like me still speak in our dialect at home and with friends, our dialect as a base of our traditional culture and relationship.
So Alsace was part of France from LOUIS XIV on, still speaking and writing German, but after the French-German war of 1870, Elsass (Alsace) came back to Germany, so my father was born as German in 1898, my mother Victorine Schurra in 1901, like Uncle Carl before, and Carl never spoke a a word of French, later married to his wife from Bavaria, Germany, my own father never spoke a word of French, my mother learned it after the war of 1914-1918 by lessons in night-school, she learned to speak, read and write almost correctly, what my father never could, my parents like all the Alsacians born before 1918 never go the whole and normal french nationality, they called them french by "assimilation".
And as Alsace came back to Germany in 1871 as a German country until 1918, my father had to be a German soldier during the first world 1915-18, he went to the German army at age 17 in 1915, campaigned in Russia and the north of France, and was wounded twice, and lost there his best comrades.
And we as children (3 born form 1923 to 1933-myself the 29th of January 1928, I learned french at school until 1940, then under German rule we had to learn exclusively German at school and a little bit of English, but French was strictly forbidden.
After the war, from 1945 on, we had to learn French again to finish high-school and go to university, and get back to french culture.
To resume, Elsass-Alsace, between the Rhine river and the Vogesen mountains (Vosges) was a German county till 1648 when incorporated to France by Louis XIV, German again from 1871 till 1940, back to Germany from 1940 until 1945 under Hitler, and french again after 1945.
Our city was liberated by US troops on Dec. 7, 1944, other parts of Alsace like Colmar only in February 1945, and the second world-war ended the 8th of May 1945.

Germans arrived in America during 3 broadly-drawn periods:
* 1683-1820
This emigration was largely caused by religious persecutions following from the changes wrought by the Thirty Years War, and by economic hardship. Many were Protestants from the Palatinate area of Germany.
* 1820-1871
Economic hardships, including those caused by unemployment, crop failure and starvation, was the primary cause of emigration during this period, in combination with wars and military service. Most of the emigrants came from Alsace-Lorraine, Baden, Hessen, Rheinland, and Württemberg.
* 1871-1914
Emigration became more affordable during this period, as well as much more common. All areas of Germany contributed, including Prussia.
Cincinnati, Ohio

Established in 1788 by a party of pioneers who came down the Ohio river. Cincinnati received its name when General Arthur St. Clair gave the village its name when he took command of nearby Fort Washington in 1790. The city was named for the Society of the Cincinnati, an organization of officers who served in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. In the 1830's Cincinnati acquired its reputation as a German city. Thousands of Germans fled political persecution in Europe and settled in the city. By 1850, it had become the greatest pork-packing center in the country. Many river steamboat and railroad lines lead from Cincinnati to southern markets. Spring Grove Cemetery, regarded as one of the most historic and beautiful burial grounds in the nation consisting of 782 acres of graves is a possible place to find the grave of John George Passauer.

[NI056] Mary's first name is spelled Mariah in the History of Venango Co., PA.

Mary had 9 children to two husbands.

Mary's birth and dead dates come from two records, the Lutheran church records and grave marker. Mary's age was 86y 8m 21d at death.

From Cleo Passauer - When John George died, his wife Mary came to Venus, PA to her parents home, the Ad Miller farm. It belonged to Christian Dollmeyer and his wife. Mary later married Fred Miller. John Passauer has a trunk from the Ad Miller farm.

From William L. Passauer 1997 - Concerning the Ed Miller Trunk. I spoke with John F. and Velma Passauer in Florida. While they have the trunk, they found only a few letters in it written by several of the Millers, plus a possible receipt for John George's coffin. Please see a picture of the receipt in the John George scrap book.

[NI057] Birth & death dates come from both Lutheran church records and grave marker. He was 34y 8m 7d old at death.

Believe his original name was "Christian Wilhelm Miller" as was written on page 11 of the Lutheran church records.

[NI058] No proof this is a true family rember.

[NI059] Was a half brother to John George Passauer, Jr. According to his John George Jr's obituary, he lived in Oklahoma when John George Jr. died.

[NI060] Some question about the first name: Addison or Adam?

See photo in Mary Dollmyer's scrapbook.

[NI061] Died 3 months before Maude's birth.

[NI062] Mary Pier Ross Porter.

[NI063] Step sister to Maude Ross.

[NI064] Step sister to Maude.

[NI065] Half brother to Maude.

[NI067] Graduate of the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University with a bachelor of science in nursing degree. She was awarded a Cushing-Robb Prise in recognition of outstanding achievement as a student. Lynne is a psychiatric nurse.

[NI068] Stone mason.

[NI069] Stone Mason.

Louis Passauer enlisted in the Union Army on 04 August 1862 and serverved in "C" Co. 108th Inf Reg. OH. His enlisted Rank was Sergeant. His enlisted age was 26 years old. Source: Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio. Abbreviation: OHRoster Published in 1886.

[NI070] Not proven to be the Joseph Passauer, brother of John George Passauer. This information is from the 1870 Ohio Census. See the Joseph Passauer 1870 Part 1 & 2 census images.

Joseph enlisted in the Civil War Union Army in Ohio on 04/22/1861 as a Private at the age of 32 years old. He served Ohio "E" Co. 9th Inf Reg. OH Mustered Out on 27 May 1861. Source: Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio
Abbreviation: OHRoster. Published in 1886.

Carpenter and may have his own carpenter shop.

In the Cincinnati, OH 1900 census under his son Joseph's name, Joseph senior is noted to have been born in France.

According to the Vine St. Hill Cemetery, Cincinnati, OH, records this Joseph was a Civil War Vet. and is buried in Section 12, Lot Gr. 931 near John Passauer, possible father of John George Passauer.

From the Hamilton, Co. Court House records.
Death, Joseph Passauer, male, white, married, 54 yrs, DOD 12/4/1891, born in Germany, occupation: carpenter, #1891/104 pg 136.

[NI071] According to Gladys Passauer, Carol was adopted by John and Henrietta.

[NI077] Second Wife.

[NI078] Divorced after 1-1/2 years.

[NI084] Drowned in swimming pool.

[NI090] Some question about the spelling of: Gerry or Jerry?

[NI093] From Doris Passauer - Died of a large epileptic seizure after forgetting to take her medication.

[NI094] The following is according to Gladys and Fred Passauer as told to William L. Passauer. Shawna and her husband William had been drinking. Along Route 8 between Oil City and Franklin PA, Shawna got out of the car and was walking along the side of the road. A lady in another car was watching William's erratic driving and hit and killed Shawna. While the lady was originally charged with the death, she was found innocent during the trial.

According to Gladys Passauer there was only one child.

Buried in the Venus Cemetary.

[NI095] His nickname, "Cotton" may have been after his light colored blond hair.

Was stationed with the 92nd Army Engineers at Fort Bragg, NC, according to his father's obituary.

[NI098] William Passauer talked to her in Feb. 1997.

[NI099] Alive in 1997.

[NI100] Adopted 1990

[NI103] Musician

[NI107] From Doris Passauer - Her night robe caught on fire and was burned to death. She ran outside the house instead of rolling. Was a very close friend of Avalee Passauer's.

Spelling of name from mother's obituary.

[NI108] There are two different birth dates for Heinrich in the Lutheran Church records: on his baptism (ref. pg.8) he is born on Nov. 18, 1858 and in his death church record (ref. pg. 34 he was born on an. 11, 1859. He was probably born on Nov. 18, 1858 as he was baptized on Jan 9, 1859. He was only 2y 7m old when he died of Dyptheria.

[NI113] Some question about his death date: 1956 or 1959?

Died from complications due to internal injuries from a truck accident. "The mesh abdomen reinforcer was broken and cut up his insides. He vomited blood and died. Dr. Summerville did not look for the trouble - assumed it was the same old stomach trouble. Roy didn't tell him of the accident."

According to Archie Passauer, Roy worked in the Penna. oil fields.

[NI115] From Doris Passauer - While visiting Pennsylvania,Ella went crazy while traveling on Route 157, the road between Oil City and Fryburg, PA, because there were no guardrails on the road. She just knew the car was going to fall off the road. Route 157 is quite flat. There are no sections where a child would have a good sled ride on the modest "hills" on the road. She felt this way because Kansas, where they lived, was so flat.

[NI116] According to Cleo Passauer, her mother (Sara Jane Reese), her mother's sister and brother were all born at home. There were no records of their birthdays because it was not required by law at that time.

[NI117] According to Deloris (Junes daughter), June also had 2 sons by an earlier marriage. No one alive knows the first wife's name or the children. They were later adopted by their mother's new husband. Last Deloris knew, they were in Stillwater, OK.

[NI118] From Lori Passauer - She didn't believe you should ever give up your maiden name.
Lived in Wichita, KS area.

[NI119] Still alive in 1997.

[NI120] Still alive in 1997.

Delores retired in 1996, spends time with her grandchildren and just enjoys life.

[NI121] Still alive in 1997.

Jack is a farmer, and has been for years. Lost his left leg in the late 1960s or early 1970s. He has been a carpenter and a farmer since that time. Jack also raises cattle.

[NI122] Still alive in 1997. Lives in MN.

[NI123] Still living in 1997.

Never married.

Chet is a self employed carpenter and has been all his life. He collects old Broncos (Ford sports utility vehicle) restores and keeps them.

[NI124] Still living in 1997.

Tom is a self employed carpenter.

[NI125] Still living in 1997.

Jeff has his own carpenter business her in Independence, KS.

[NI126] Junes second wife.

[NI127] Still alive in 1997.

Bob is retired from the Army. Inherited his father's farm in Independence, KS and works cattle in 1997.

[NI128] Lived in Dallas, TX in 1997.

[NI129] Lived in Wichita, KS in 1997.

[NI130] First wife.

Judy is retired and has been since 1984, this is when she sold Hasselmann's and married Ron Lane.

She enjoys gardening and outside things.

[NI131] Tracy is self employed as a house painter. He has always been self employed.

[NI132] Pam has worked at Hasselmann's in Independence, KS for years. She is the manager of it as of 1997 and has been for about 10 years.

Hasselmann's is the family name of Mike and Tracy, or Judy Lindley (their mother) grandparents that started Hasselmann's over 50 years ago in Independence, KS. It was sold to the current owners in1997, about 10 years ago.

[NI134] Mike is a forman at the city of Independence.. He has worked there for 7 years as of 1997.

Mike has a degree from Pittsburgh state University in Auto Mechanics. He has worked from the time he was 10 years old on the farm. His true love is farming. As of 1997, when Mike saves enough money, he and his wife plan to purchase a farm and truly be happy. For the time being, he is farming with his father.

[NI135] Lori works at Prestige, Inc., a cabinet manufacturer, in Neodesha, KS. Lori has worked there all her adult life. Attended Independence Community College and has a degree in business Administration.

[NI136] Hayleigh attends Presbyterian Preschool in 1997 in Independence, KS and loves cows and tractors. Her grandfather Jack Passauer takes her to see the cows and tractors often. That is their true love.

[NI148] Mary worked at Prestige, Inc. in Neodesha for 25 years. Five years ago she left the stress and started her own office cleaning business and is doing really well as of 1997.

[NI150] Some question about the spelling of his name: Forest Gladen or Forrest Gladen?
Some question about spelling of his middle name: Gladen or Gladon?

According to Crystel Passauer, Forest is buried at Wolfes Corner, PA.

Died at two days old.

[NI151] His middle name is "Wheelock" in Norma Passauer's family bible.

[NI152] Question about death: 1957 or 1967?

[NI153] Some question on spelling of name: Odie or Oddie?

See husband's grave stone.

[NI157] Was a Private in Company I, 30 Infantry, 3 Division during World War I.

[NI158] From Newton Passauer: I left the next day from Guam to attend her funeral. She is buried in the hill across the Allegheny River overlooking Tionesta, PA.

[NI160] According to Gladys Passauer, they were divorced.

[NI161] There are two different birth dates for Magdalene in the Lutheran Church records: on her baptism (ref. pg. 7) she is born on May 21, 1857 and in her death church record (ref. pg. 34 she was born on May 10, 1857. She was only 4y 8m 19d old when she died of Dyptheria.

[NI166] Changed his name to Ronald Joseph Passauer according to his brother John Passauer.

According to Gladys Passauer, his name was changed by the Catholic church when he married Catherine Bertha and Ronald's mother Alma Ceclia Nelson was very upset about the name change.

Another possible first name is Raleigh before he was married. Gladys Passauer, his sister says his name was Rolla Atlas Passauer.

[NI167] Was a nurse.

[NI168] Still alive in 1997.

[NI169] From Doris Passauer - Died in Alaska from pneumonia while in the Army. Married a girl from Okinawa?. When his wife came into the funeral home, she pounded on the glass over the coffin because she wanted the glass removed. There was glass over the coffin because the body came from outside the United States. His mother wanted to view the body, thus the glass instead of a closed coffin. His wife also went crazy over all of the flowers because she said flowers were only used for happy occasions in her country.

[NI171] Internment at Venus Cemetery, Venus, PA.

[NI174] As written by Newton himself in an e-mail to William Passauer -" I had a deal arranged when I was 17 that if I would go in the Navy and become a CB electrician, upon getting out in four years, the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers would certify me as a Master Electrician. Back then it took six years apprenticeship to become a Journeyman and then two more years to become a Master. With my arrangement with the International Office (my stepfather's stepfather was the Secretary), I would do it in half the time. After the general classification tests, GCT, ARI, Mech & etc., I was asked what school I wanted. I told the officer I wanted Construction Electrician. He said my scores were too high for that. He said I could go to Annapolis, FT or ET school. I did not want to be an officer. I found out that FTs spend their life at sea, so I went to ET school. At the end of four, I got out a month early, two weeks before before being promoted to first class. I went to college for the summer and my wife got pregnant and could no longer support me in the fashion that I had become used to, so I went to work doing R&D for Corning Glass Electronics. To make a long story short, I went back for four more then went to work as a civilian tech for the Navy. I had nine different Fed jobs here on Guam and retired at 50 in 1985. I put the first four generations of satellite earth terminals in operation and designed the connection system for the existing sixth generation."

[NI176] Teacher.

[NI177] Fred's first name is spelled Fredrick in the History of Venango Co., PA, Frederick on his grave marker and Fredrich in early years of the Lutheran church records.
From the "History of Venango Co. PA" the 1879 history section, page 628:
"FREDRICK MILLER, was born in Bavaria, Germany, July 2nd, 1833. Came to America in 1840. Came from Pittsburgh to Clarion County. His father died in 1845, when his widow came to Venango county. She resides with Adam Swab, and has lost her eye-sight during the last year. She is now sixty-six years old. Frederick married Mariah Dollmayer, in 1856.

ADAM SWAB, was born in Westmoreland county, PA., May 16th, 1806 Came with his parents to Clarion county, in 1809. He is a carpenter by trade. Came to Pinegrove township, in 1828. He and his brother-in-law bought a track of 1,000 acres of land. In 1840, he moved on the farm where he now resides. There were but few families in the township at the time of their coming.
Note: spelling is correct per the census record. According to the 1860 Census report for Venango Co., Roll # 1189, Page # 124; Fred Miller (age 27) was the head of the household. He, wife Mary Miller (age 32), and two children were living at home: Magdalena (age 3) and Henery C. Miller (age 1). Fred Miller was working as a farmer with the value of his real estate valued at $250.00 and the value of his personal estate valued at $125.00. Both Fred and Mary claim their place of birth was Bavarian. Both children were born in PA. Note: John George Passauer, Jr. was not living with his mother. Instead, I found him living with his grandparents, Henery Dolmyer and Magdalene Dolmyer as John Dolmyer-- not John Passauer. This may have been done as a convenience at the time, or was done by a lazy census taker. (See Henry Dollmyer's 1880 census record).
Note: spelling is correct per the census record. According to the 1870 Census report for Venango Co.(Part 2), Roll # 1460, Page # 9; Miller, Friderick (age 37) the head of the household was working as a farmer. The value of his real estate was valued at $2,500.00 and the value of his personal estate was valued at $595.00. He, his wife Mary (age 35) and 3 children: Ann (age 10), Mary (age 8), William (age 5); his father-in-law and mother-in-law, Henry Dolyer (age 72 a retired farmer) and Malena Dolyer (age 68); plus a Blasser (age 16 works on farm) were living in the same house. The record indicates that only the children Mary and William attended any school during the year. Blasser did not attend any school during the year. (Editor's Note: Blasser is obviously John George Passauer, Jr. as the age is correct and he was originally living with the Dollmyer's and has now moved with them into the Miller home.)
Note: spelling is correct per the census record. According to the 1870 Census report for Venango Co., Roll # 1199, Page # 19, Supervisors District # 10, Enumeration District # 261; Miller, Frederick (age 55 working as a farmer) states that he and both his mother and father were born in Germany. He, his wife Mary (age 53) and 4 children: Mary (age 16), William (age 15), Edward (age 7) and George (age 6), with Lena Dulmyre (age 97) is living in the same house. Mary states that she and both her parents were born in Germany. Lena Dulmyre states that she and her parents were born in Germany.
Follow State route 157 from Oil City, PA toward Fryburg, PA. At the cross roads in Venus, PA turn right onto State Route SR 2021. Proceed straight 0.70 mile to the Fredrick Miller farm on your right. While proceeding toward the farm from the Venus crossroads, you will pass SR 2004 at 0.40 mile, and a stream at 0.10 mile before arriving at the farm. The pictures of the farm in the scrapbook were taken on Oct. 1997.
Fred was 75y 1m 20d old at death.

Civil War letter from John F. Greer to Fredrick Miller. The only date seen on the letter is April 10, 1861. The following is the text as best William Passauer could read it:

"I will let you know that
General Grant is Commander
in Chief of the United states
Army and he is with the
Army of the ? and
I think we will have some
hard fighting to do this
Summer. But I think this
Summer will play the rebs
out pretty well. And if
this Summers fighting does
not play them out I think
it will play out after the
presidents election. I do not
know what party you belong
to but I want you to all
for General Mc Clelen that is
in your power. For he is
very good man and I am
sure he will make a good president.
I have not any thing particular
against old Abe Lincoln but
I think he would do better for
an oar digger or rail splitter
than for a President. And therefore
I want you to do all for
little me in your power
try and get all the votes for
him you can. I will bring my
letter to a close for this time.
Hoping to hear from you as soon
as convenient. Excuse my poor
writing and correct all mistakes.
And in conclusion I say:
Hurray for General Mc Clellen
by God!
Yours Truly
John F. Greer
Well Fred. I have no stamp to
put on this letter.

[NI178] From Crystel 2-20-1997 - As of this time, I am 74 years old. I swim, sail, dance and continue to be very active. I have a BFA (Bachelor of Fine Arts) from Tyler School of Fine Arts, MED (Master of Education) Temple University. I am a survivor of Thyroid problems and Colon cancer. I was very healthy until 1993 when I came down with cancer. I am very healthy now!

Mon, 29 Mar 1999
Dear Family & Friends,
As you may know Crystel is in Intensive Care Unit of Pennsylvania Hospital. Her heart beat is good, he tempeture is slightly elevated, her blood pressure has been restored to close to normal, which
has meant that they have been able to cut down on maximun doses of "DOPA" , which at maximum strength shut her kidneys down temporarily. The dosage now will allow her kidneys to function.

Friday, she suffered a reversal from a post operation infection, however, she is doing much better now. Today she will be examined by a neurologist. Hopefully there will be no brain damage from the previous low blood pressure. There is still the possibility of a blood clot which would complicate things. She is still unconcious but she has amazing strength and she is definitely better then yesterday when she suffered the cartiac arrest. The Phone # at Pennsylvania Hospital is 215-829-3000.

Love to all,

Sat, 3 Apr 1999
Dear Family & Friends,
As of this afternoon 4-3-99, Crystel is still in a coma, however there have been some positive signs: (1) when she hears a tape message of her grandaughter Allison's voice singing a hymn, she showed definite signs of looking toward the tape player (2) today, on advice of Laquita, I asked her to blink once if she could hear me, and she blinked one time. I then asked her to blink one more time if she heard me again, and she blinked her eyes once again. Since Sunday, she has been in a fight for her life. I can now safely say that she has won that fight. She is now strong enough to allow the Doctors to move her to the second floor, where she will receive a CatScan & EEG (test for brain-waive function).

There is great concern now that during the period that she had no heart beat , followed by very low blood pressure, after two electric shocks, that she may have suffered permanent brain damage. The experts just don't know the extent of the damage. It could range from just a little....... to her being in a wheel chair,or her being on permanent life support for the rest of her life, or her never regaining
conciousness. They just don't know. Their advice to me was don't be overly optimistic.

Joan, Judy and I have watched over her for almost two weeks, and we have seen tremendous progress in her health. We talk to her constantly. We hold her hands and massage her arms and legs, and we constantly ask the Doctors and Nurses for medical information. I forgot to tell you, her white blood cell count is coming down. This morning it was 23.3. She no longer needs a "Renal Doctor" (Kidney Doctor). They will be starting soon to feed her nutrients intravenously. I'm trying to keep the house clean for her return (there are no dirty dishes in the sink & I've done two loads of wash).

The Doctors and Nurses at Pennsyvania Hospital have been very good to her. She has the best bed in the Unit and she is in the best Unit in the Hospital. The bed is a Dynamic Air Therapy machine (EFICACC) with an inbuilt computer with monitor. It tilts, rotates, massages and vibrates at whatever speed the operator sets, at whatever times and durations that its programmed for. The nurses are specially trained. In addition,I have seen them adjust her pillow and her body position for her comfort. They tell me that she is in no pain at this time.


PS Please share this update with Bev and Don

Hi Al,

I've been hearing bits & pieces, but I'm not sure I can put them all together. Would you please fill me in?
Did you get the message we left at the ICU that we send Crystel our prayers & love?



Thank you for your prayers. Crystel is doing better, however, she is still unconcious. Now that she has won the main victory, she has to fight another. Joan, Judy and I are by her side talking to her and rubbing her hands and arms.
I'll be sending more information later.


Wednesday, April 7, 1999
Dear Family,
Judy, Joan and I all agree that Crystel looks much better today. We have better feelings about her recovery than we had yesterday.

The "Doomsday Doctor" that talked to me yesterday really didn't have all the information that he would need to make an accurate prognosis. This much we know: (1) he dosen't know Crystel's inner strength, (2) He relied on one Catscan, instead of a sequence of 3 or more, (3) He probably knows that she suffered a hypoxic-anoxic injury (HAI) which tends to be diffuse and wide spread. (4) One study that the Doctor might not have known about ,which Joan took off the internet web site: ... stated 21% of patients who are in a coma less than four weeks had a good recovery. (5) The Doctor's official report did state that she had the following: "Bilateral Primarily Posterior Watershed Infarcts in addition to "Left
Cerebella Stroke".

She definitely had an overwhelming infection throughout her body known as "Sepsis"

She has excellent readings as far as her general health: Her glucose reading was 92, she has no fever, her white blood cell count was down, she looks very good. She has a tube to her stomach which is feeding her now for the 2nd day a high nitrogen isotonic liquid nutrition to prevent vitamin loss, commonly known as Ensure or "Osmolite HN".

They found traces of "Vanco Resistant Enterococcus" in her urine which is under control.

Joan asked her to wiggle her toes in her left foot on ten separate occassions, she scored 5 out of 10. She is yawning and streching, and appears to understand what is being said although her response is delayed if her toe wiggling isn't just a reflex. The nurse believes that it was more than just reflex.

Other news:(1) She will probably receive a trach in her throat this Friday. (2) Her stomach appears to be accepting the nutrients.

Please pass the message on to the rest of the Family.

Judy, Joan & Al

Fri, 9 Apr 1999 20:45:26 -0400
Dear Family,

Crystel had a successful "Tracheostomy" operation today at 1:00PM which will allow continued use of the ventilator and allow her to cough easier. It will also make it easier to transport her and to suction any mucous in her lungs. She will also be more comfortable.
Special thanks to Beverly for sending me tape recording and copies out of the Merck Manual.
According to the manual, Crystel may have suffered septic shock secondary to vasodilation. The treatment she received included raising the feet, continous infusion of maximun amounts of Dopamine and saline solution. She did have a later secondary complication of fluid in the left lung, which is consistent with symptoms described in page 613 of Merck which says that survival rate is 60 to 70 percent with early treatment.
Joan,Judy and I have been in to watch her at various times of the day: she looks very good. She had accepted about a quart and a half of liquid nutrition just prior to the operation before being temporaily
suspended. Since her stomach has accepted the high nitrogen and vitamin supplement, she will receive it at an increased the rate.
I've been cleared by my employer to spend all next week with her. This is good for both of us. I miss her terribly when I'm not with her.

Thank you for all your prayers.


Thursday, 4-22-99
Dear Family,
Crystel has been admitted to Cooper Hospital in Camden for a respiratory infection, which the ER people believe is pneumonia. Joan, Judy and I met the transport van there and we all looked at the x-rays and saw that her right lung looked black and the upper part of the left lung looked black also. The ER people suctioned her and got a lot of yellowish phlem out. She has a fever of 103 and her white blood cell count is up. It could be a return of another infection that she received from Penna. Hospital. They may have released her too soon. In which case the fault would be on Dr. Haber, her attending physician at Penn.
She was transported from the Manor-Care Nursing Home where she was admitted yesterday directly from Pennsyvania Hospital.
It looks like another set back for Crystel, but I have confidence that she can handle it. Seeing her with a respiratory problem really bothers me a lot, but the Doctors at Cooper Hospital appear to be
surprisingly optimistic.
Special thanks to Beverly for looking into the hyperbaric therapy at Mission Viehco.

Thank you for your prayers,

Thu, 27 May 1999
Crystel passed away peacefully at 11:13am at the Manor Care Nursing Homein Cherry Hill, N.J.

The Viewing will be June 2, 1999 Tuesday Evening 7:00PM to 9:00PM at the "Stretch Evans & Kain Funeral Home at 8 West Kings Hgwy, Haddonfield, N.J. 08033 (Kings Hgwy entrance is across from the High Speed Line). Phone # 609-429-0249

The Funeral Service will be Wednesday, June 3, 1999 at 10:00AM at the First Baptist Church, 124 Kings Highway East, Haddonfield, N.J. 08033.

Crystel will be burried at the First Baptist Cemetery on Kings Hgwy across form the High School.


Thu, 27 May 1999
Please change the date of the viewing to June 1, 1999, which is a Tuesday.
Also, please change Wednsday's Funeral date to June 2, 1999.

I was fortunate to be at Crystel's bedside, holding her hand as she passed away. She died in comfort having never wakened from her sleep. Throughout her entire coma, she always looked like the dignified lady that she truly is.

Thank you for your prayers,

Fri, 04 Jun 1999
From: Jim Passauer >
Bill and Suzanne >

I'm planning to spend a day at the archives next week to re-do some of the info I had previously completed at the St. Louis Library when I was TDY there from Omaha. Ship arrivals, etc. If you have anything specific that you want me to verify, I will try to include it in the day's, efforts.

The funeral was well attended. Over a thousand came for the memorial service, and maybe 500 for the actual funeral service. I read Eulogies for Beverly and Cleo and Myself. I will always miss her. For some reason she and Al never did receive the IOM disc that you promised.

Love, Jim and Laquita


From Crystel's Obituary in the Wednesday, June 2, 1999, The Philadelphia newspaper Obituary section.

The headline: "Crystal V. Passauer, 77,Longtime Artist, Formerly of Haddonfield"

By S. Joseph Hagenmayer
Crystel V. Passauer, 77, a longtime artist and teacher, died Thursday at Manor Care Nursing Home, Cherry Hill.

A Haddonfield resident for more than 50 years, she was born and raised in Tidioute, Pa., where she graduated from Tidioute High School. At age 14, she entered an art contest sponsored by the Pittsburgh Art Institute, where she later graduated.

MS. Passauer taught art at South Philadelphia High School from the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s. Her art career went from doing billboards for Outdoor Advertising to medical illustrations for Temple University
for more than a decade in the 1960s and 1970s.

Active professionally in art for more than four decades, Ms. Passauer early this year chaired an exhibit at the Jewish Community Center in Cherry Hill for Artists Equity Inc. of Philadelphia.

In 1965, she was cited for her work in high-relief sculpted plaques depicting the history of tennis for use at the Haddonwood Tennis Club in Deptford Township. The old Philadelphia Evening Bulletin said in a 1965 story that the works were the first such sculptures ever to adorn a tennis court and the first to depict the history of tennis in this fashion. It was also her first venture into sculpture.

The Haddonwood Tennis Club was torn down several years ago, at which time the sculptures were returned to Ms. Passauer. The plaques vary in size with some as large as two and three feet long, according to family members.

Since 1958, Ms. Passauer had been a member of the Philadelphia Water Color Club, the Philadelphia Art Alliance and the Artists Equity Association in Philadelphia. Her solo art shows included exhibits under the sponsorship of the Philadelphia Art Alliance, the Penn Art Center, and the Samuel Fleisher Aft Memorial.

She was an artist to residence for the Noyes Museum in Oceanville in1992 and was featured in several television programs on the arts.

While working, for Temple, as a medical Illustrator, she did the illustrations for Human Neuro-Anatomy, a book by Raymond C. Truex and Malcolm Carpenter.

Her art subjects ranged from drawings of the nerves under a microscope to paintings of religious themes that included a stained-glass window for a religious college, said her daughter Joan Trojan.

"She vas a born artist. I have pictures she did in high school that are just beautiful," her daughter said. Crystal was a woman of boundless energy and love, a true free spirit."

An avid sailor, Ms. Passauer was a member of the Cooper River Yacht Club for more than 30 years and was the first woman named commodore. She also was the first woman commodore of the Mid Atlantic Yacht Racing Association.

Ms. Passauer was an avid swimmer who swam 90 laps every week until two months ago, her daughter
Said. She also had taken up motorcycle riding in recent years.

She was a member of the First Baptist Church of Haddonfield for more than 20 years.

She is survived by her husband, Malcolm A. Fry; daughters Joan Lazo Trojan and Judy Lazo Oberg; four grandchildren; a brother; and, two sisters.

Funeral services are scheduled for 10 a.m. today In the First Baptist Church, 124 E. Kings Highway, Haddonfield. Burial will be in Baptist Cemetery, Haddonfield.

Memorial donations may be made to First Baptist Church, 124 E. Kings Highway, Haddonfield, NJ. 08033.

[NI180] Teacher.

[NI181] Engineer Pffizer Drug Co.

[NI182] Was an Air Force officer.

[NI185] Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)Engineer.

[NI187] In business.

[NI193] Some question on the spelling of her first name: Kathryn or Catherine.

[NI195] Teacher. Was married to someone before Trojan.

[NI196] Social worker.

[NI197] Teacher.

[NI198] From a message received on 1-17-98 concerning the Oberg name.
--------- Begin forwarded message ----------
From: (Judith Lazo-Oberg))
To: crystel@juno.comm
Subject: Re: "William Passauer" : Fw: Maria Matildaa
Date: Sat, 17 Jan 1998 10:16:32 EST
Message-ID: <>>
References: <>>

Apparently Oberg is a name my father in law changed his previous name to
upon coming to America. Oberg is not his birth name. His name was
--------- End forwarded message ----------

[NI201] First Wife.

[NI209] Question about spelling of: Darrell or Derrell?

Has two daughters?

[NI231] Second wife.

[NI235] Ruth or Ruthie?

[NI239] All information is from Crystel Passauer via her father Archie. Buried at Armstrong County1873.

[NI240] According to Crystel Passauer via her father Archie. Buried in Tylersburg Cemetery.

[NI242] Has two sons.

[NI244] Lived only one day. Was a blue baby.

[NI250] Spelling of name from obituary.

[NI253] The first recorded record of Henry Dollmyer and Magdalene Nee Hauck in Pinegrove Township, Venango Co., PA is in the communion records of Oct. 1854 in the St. Luke's Evang. Lutheran & Reform Church of Venus, PA. church records.

Henry was 78y 1m 7d old when he died.

Note: Spelling is correct per the census record. According to the 1860 Census report for Venango Co., Roll # 1189, Page # 126; Henery Dolmyer (age 63) was the head of the household. He, his wife Magdalene Dolmyer (age 51) and grandson John Dolmyer (age 5) were living with him. Henery was working as a farmer. The value of his real estate was valued at $300.00 and the value of his personal estate was valued at $225.00. Both Henery and Magdalene stated they were born in Bavaria, while John was born in Ohio. Note: John Dolmyer (age 5) is really John George Passauer, Jr., son of Mary Dollmyer and John George Passauer. For some unknown reason, John was not living with his mother Mary and step-father Fred Miller. One can only speculate that Fred Miller wanted nothing to do with a son by another husband. Also, no surviving photographs of John George Passauer, Mary's first husband, seem to have survived.
For the Dollmyers in the 1870 census, see the 1870 census in the Fred Miller notes.

[NI277] According to Melvin Passauer, this couple drives a mobile hospital (18 wheeler) truck to each Indy car style race. They set it up, clean it, and get it ready for use. Can operate on injured drivers. The unit has 5 beds.

[NI282] Works as a tool room attendant.

[NI288] Spelling of last name from Lillian's obituary.

[NI292] The Archer homestead, his birthplace, is located between Breedtown and Alcorn in Cherrytree Township, Venango County, PA.

Buried in Neiltown Cemetery.

[NI293] Buried in Neiltown Cemetery.

[NI294] They moved to a homestead, north of Route 27, in Troy Township, Crawford Co., PA.

Buried in Kerr Hill Cemetery at Gresham with his wife. On their lot are 4 children's graves which are old stones and can't be read. So possibly they had 4 children die.

[NI295] Settled in Breedtown, PA.

[NI296] The following is taken from the book, "Three Score Years and More", by Floyd Clinger.

A ships Captain from Connecticut. Captain Hancox migrated to PA in 1818 with members of the Breed family and settled in Breedtown. Buried in Cemetery in Breedtown, Venango Co., PA with his three wives lined up in a row beside him. The third wife outlived him.

His middle initial may be S. unstead of J., was married three times, had 16 children; 4 born to Mercy Breed his first wife, according to a letter from Earl Prather to his cousin Avalee, dated June 25, 1974.

[NI297] He fought and was wounded in the battle of Bunker Hill during the Revolutionary War.

Settled in Breedtown, PA.

Said to have had about 3 sons according to Earl Prather.

[NI298] Born in log cabin near Prather's Corners in Cherrytree Township, Venango Co., PA about 1809.

Buried at Kerr Hill Cemetery at Gresham, PA with he husband.

[NI299] Moved with his father to Venango County, PA about 1800 and settled in Cherrytree Twp. at what is now known as Prather's Corners on the Gresham to Dempseytown road where the road that comes from Route 8 past the Cherrytree School to Wallaceville crosses. Henry Prather also went up to Erie to help Admiral Perry fight the British in the War of 1812. Henry had 9 children. Died in 1818 leaving a widow with a baby. He is buried near in an unmarked grave near Prather's Corners in Cherrytree Twp., Venango Co., PA. He was a blacksmith by trade.

See letter from Earl Prather under the father's notes.

Married about 1800.

[NI300] After the death of Henry Prather, when she was in her 50's, she married a younger man in his 30's, Samuel Hogg.

Buried in the Cherrytree Cemetery, PA on her son's grave lot (Thomas Prather).

[NI301] Youngest child in family.

[NI302] Moved to Venango Co., PA around 1800 and settled at Plumer, PA. Later moving to East Hickory, PA where he died and left 100 acres to son, Thomas Hicks Prather, Jr.

From a letter dated Sept. 9, 1974 from Earl M. Prather to his cousin Avalee Passauer: (See the Bernard Hartle folder with William Passauer for the letter.)

Dear Cousin Avalee:
...(Thomas Hicks Prather, Sr.) was a Revolutionary War Vet and I think they have put up a flag to the wrong man in the Cemetery at East Hickory which is located on the Henderson Farm. This farm is sold now and under another name. It is located North of the churchyard of the Methodist Church which Cemetery I have visited on the hill behind the church. No Thomas Hicks Prather there. Some of the children though. I contacted Mr. Rex Henderson and he went to the graveyard on the Jack Kuntz Farm (formally the Henderson Farm) and located Thomas Hicks Prather's grave but no Jr. or Sr. on it. I figure this was Jr. because of the date. Evidently Jr. quit using the Jr. because his dad died in 1818 and he lived clear up to Feb. 26, 1861 and fought in the War of 1812 and the Mexican War. I would guess that the father is also buried on the old farm in an unmarked grave. I believe that the so called Henderson farm was the same 100 acre farm that T.H.P. Jr. inherited from his dad in 1818 and it was passed by him to the Hendersons. It won't hurt to look at Fagundus Cemetery either. T.H.P. Jr. ran a grist mill on the creek on the farm. Look for a dam or embankment and ask people living there. Maybe they can show you the dam site. Also talk to Rex Henderson if still alive.

...Thomas Hicks Prather, Jr. and Henry Prather (of Cherrytree, Twp., Venango Co.) were brothers. We are descended from Henry Prather. Henry Prather was a blacksmith and also fought in the War of 1812. He also died in 1818 leaving 9 children orphans with a widow named Lydia Ricketts Prather who married a younger man when she was in her 50's. She married a Samuel Hogg who was in his 30's. Lydia is buried in the Cherrytree Cemetery on her son's grave lot (Thomas Prather's lot). Yes Henry had a son named Thomas, one named Henry (died of rabies when 21 years old), one named Abraham, and daughters named Eleanor- married Silas B. Hancox - your branch, and one named Sara who married Thomas Hamilton, and one named Ann who married Samuel Alcorn, and Mary who married William McCray, and one named Elizabeth who married Thomas McCalmont and lived across the River from President, Pa. near Eagle Rock, and one named Rebecca who married Thomas McCalmont's brother who was Henry McCalmont.

You are so right about the Zeitler's marrying Judge Prather's son. I have it in the history. By the way the Judge was named Thomas Jefferson Prather. I have a brother named Thomas Lincoln Prather. The name Thomas occurs more often than any other in our Prather family history. The first Prather in the U.S. was Thomas Prather from England who was born in 1604 and stowed away on the Ship, 'Marie Providence" and landed at Elizabeth Cittie, Va. in 1622. He served a local planter for 3 years to pay his fare over and married and had 5 sons on record in Colonial Archives of Virginia. We are descended from Jonathan Prather who moved to Maryland to live. No sons are recorded in Colonial Records to any of the other brothers. All White Prathers in the U.S. descend from these two men.

Frank David Prather married June Zeitler in 1939 and they live in Meadville, Pa. where he and son Mark David Prather practice law. They have a son, Thomas Marshall Prather married to Barbara Gagnon who lives and practices law in North Carolina. June and Frank David Prather had 7 children: Thomas Marshall, Mark David, William, Patricia, Frank Lee, Mary Sue, and Sally Jane Prather.

Earl M. Prather

Fought in the Revolutionary War and when up in years, joined the Army and fought at Erie in war of 1812 under Admiral Perry. Had 7 children.

[NI304] He moved to Franklin Co., PA. He served as an officer in the British Army in the French and Indian War. He had 8 children.

[NI305] Born 2/11/1736.

[NI306] Was a Col. Had 10 children. His 1st wife died and he remarried. Lived in Frederick Co., MD

[NI307] Our tie with the Clagett family. Brice Clagett of Washington D.C. is writing the history book.

[NI308] Died at the Battle of Loyalhanna in the French and Indian War.

[NI309] Had child 11 with this wife.

[NI310] Child #11. Moved to Louisville, KY to live.

[NI311] Had 6 children.

[NI313] Born about 1630. Moved to Maryland. All Prathers in America trace to this man because no children (at least no male heirs are listed to any of the others in Colonial records). Had seven children.

[NI314] Not positive last name is correct.

[NI315] Was known as Thomas Prater in England. Had 5 sons (listed in the Colonial records). Three boys received land in Virginia but no male heirs listed. Two boys went to Maryland to live and only one had sons.

He stowed away on the ship "Marie Providence" at the age of 18 and landed in "Elizabeth Cittie, VA" (now Newport News, VA.) in the Virginia colony. He landed in 1622 and had to spend 3 years as an indentured servant to a local planter (Powell)
to pay his fare.

[NI317] Of "Weston", Prince Georges Co., MD.

[NI319] Of Calvert Co. MD.

[NI325] Was Sir William Lovelace

[NI327] Was Sir William Barne.

[NI329] Was the Most Rev., Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York.

[NI331] Was Sir William Sandys.

[NI332] Of London, England.

[NI333] Of London, England.

[NI335] Gentleman of Witherslack and Dent.

[NI337] Of Hampsfield, Lancashire England.

[NI339] Sir Geoffrey Middleton of Middleton Hall, England.

[NI340] Of Selside and Hampsfield, England.

[NI342] Of Selside, England.

[NI344] Sir Richard Musgrave, Knight of Hartley Castle.

According to "BRITAIN Road Atlas" Map Hartley is near Kirkby Stephen,
Cumbria. North of Hartlley are Little Musgrave and Great Musgrave.

[NI346] Sir Thomas Musgrave, Knight of Hartley Castle.

According to "BRITAIN Road Atlas" Map Hartley is near Kirkby Stephen,
Cumbria. North of Hartlley are Little Musgrave and Great Musgrave.

[NI349] Lady Joan Douglas of Marlborough, England.

[NI350] William 1st, Earl of Douglas.

[NI351] Margaret, Countess of Marlborough, Scotland.

[NI352] Donald, Earl of Marlborough, Scotland.

[NI353] Lady Isabel Stewart.

[NI354] Gratney, Earl of Marlborough, Scotland.

[NI355] Lady Christine Bruce. Sister of Robert Bruce, King of Scotland.

[NI356] Donald, Earl of Marlborough, Scotland.

[NI357] Princess Eleanor of North Wales. Countess of Fife.

[NI358] Llewellyn ap. Gruffyd, Prince of North Wales.

[NI359] Lady Eleanor de Montfort.

[NI360] Simon de Montfort, Earl of Lester.

[NI361] Princess Eleanor.

[NI362] John Lackland, King John of England. Granted the Magna Carta in 1215. Youngest son of King Henry II.

[NI363] First wife.

[NI364] Became King of England in 1154. Had 4 sons.

[NI365] Eleanor of Aquitane (was first married in 1152 to King Louis VII - divorced in 1152 and married Henry II- she was 30 and he was 19 years old).

Was the most famous woman of her time.

[NI366] King Louis VII. Eleanor of Aquitane (was first married in 1152 to King Louis VII - divorced in 1152 and married Henry II- she was 30 and he was 19 years old).

Louis VII was King of France from 1137 to 1180.

[NI367] Second husband.

Son of Faulke, Count of Anjou.

[NI368] Maud, Empress of England.

[NI369] Faulke, Count of Anjou.

[NI370] Youngest son of William I and third Norman line of Kings. He succeeded his brother William II.

[NI371] Formally called Edith.

[NI372] Malcom, King of Scotland.

[NI373] William, Duke of Normandy and King of England (William the Conqueror).

[NI385] From Doris Passauer - Infant daughter they may not have named and may have lived only one day.

According to Fred's obituary, an infant daughter died in infancy.

[NI386] Fourth and current wife.

[NI388] Named after mother Shawna and mother's brother Delaine: Shaw-lane.

Lives with father in 1999.

[NI389] Spelling of last name from Lillian's obituary.

[NI390] Spelling of last name from Lillian's obituary.

[NI392] Spelling of last name from Lillian's obituary.

[NI404] Became king of England in 1087.

[NI406] Richard the Lion Hearted

Ruled England from 1189 to 1199. Killed in 1199 during the siege of a French castle permitting his brother John to become King.

[NI407] King of England

[NI413] Ruby's first Husband.

[NI431] Deceased age 13.

[NI433] No children.

[NI434] No children.

[NI437] Unsure of spelling of Queutm.

[NI440] Still alive in 1997.

[NI441] Alive in 1997.

[NI446] Still living in 1997.

[NI452] Married, has 3 sons.

[NI464] The following is taken from the book, "Three Score Years and More", by Floyd Clinger.

Lumbered and taught school in Cherrytree Township met his wife, Elizabeth, while rafting on the Ohio. In 1831Robert, with his brother John, acquired from the other Archer heirs title to the homestead.

[NI479] The following is taken from the book, "Three Score Years and More", by Floyd Clinger.

Son of either Jacob or John Crist who migrated from Reading, PA to Ohio early in 1800.

[NI480] The following is taken from the book, "Three Score Years and More", by Floyd Clinger.


The Archer families of America originated in England. Tradition is that the first immigrants settled in New Jersey and in Virginia.

It is believed that my particular Archer ancestors first came to New Jersey; and then moved to Northumberland and Northampton Counties in Pennsylvania.

Pennsylvania Archives II, Vol. 10, records that Henry W. Archer, educated in an English Military College, arrived in Philadelphia, October 23, 1778, and joined Washington's Army as a volunteer. He was appointed, Lieutenant of the Pennsylvania Militia, Oct. 2, 1784 and was promoted to Captain, August 28, 1787.

The first Archer progenitor for whom there is a record - at least as far as my research goes - is Elisha Archer, who migrated from Northumberland County in the Susquehanna Valley to Venango County in 1801 and located on a 400 acre North American Land Co. tract in Cherry Tree Township.

Next year Elisha returned to the East and married Hannah Staples, perhaps a resident of Luzerne County. With Hannah seated on a horse, along with bags of clothes, utensils and seeds thrown across the saddle, Elisha on foot, the Archers journeyed to their cabin in the wilderness. They travelled by the way of the Shamokin Indian path.

Cherry Tree neighbors of the Archers were: John Strawbridge, William Reynolds and the Irwins, Samuel, John, James and Ninean; all immigrants of the Susquehanna Valley, as was John Archer, a brother of Elisha.

Elisha Archer contracted to purchase the Christian Helm Warrant in Cherry Tree Township, located on the road from The Diamond and the Alcorn schoolhouse to Breedtown.

Elisha and Hannah Archer had the following children: Elizabeth; John, who married Susanna Wilson; Robert, born Nov. 20, 1806-married Elizabeth Crist, born Sept. 12, 1808; Melinda, who- married Shubal N. Luce; and Mary who married William Wilson.

Elisha died interstate in 1813 [or thereabout] and Hannah, his widow, - married William McGinnis.

In 1831, Robert Archer, with his brother John, acquired from the other Archer heirs title to the homestead.

Elizabeth Crist, wife of Robert Archer, was born on a farm near Higginsport, Ohio (on the Ohio River). Her father was Frederick Crist who was a son of either Jacob or John Crist who migrated from Reading, Pa. to Ohio early in 1800. Robert Archer who lumbered and taught school in Cherry Tree Township met his wife, Elizabeth, while rafting on the Ohio.

The children of Robert and Elizabeth Archer were: Hannah, born 1830, married Strawbridge; Jane, born 1832, died 1836; Margaret, born 1834, died 1836, Christie Ann, born 1836, married Frey; Amanda born 1839, married Grove; Frederick, born 1841, married Emma Hancox; Isaac, born 1844, married Drake; Nancy Jane, born 1846; John Nevins, born 1848, married Lamberton.

W. Frederick Archer (1841) married Emma Hancox, (1842), daughter of Silas Breed Hancox and Ellen Prather Hancox, July 3, 1862. Their children were: Warren A., Mars, Penna.; William Herman, Fagundus; Leon (Ninian), Oil City, PA; Cora M.
(Clinger), Titioute, PA; Georgia (Fogle), Pleasantville, PA; Amos, Pleasantville, PA , Don, Texas; Cliford, Texas.

Emma Hancox Archer (1842-1902) was a great granddaughter of Joseph Breed (married to Mary Holmes) who was born in Charleston, Mass. in 1757 and died in 1839. He fought and was wounded in the battle of Bunker Hill during the Revolution.

Emma Hancox Archer's grandmother was Mercy Breed, daughter of Joseph. Her father was a sea captain, Amos J. Hancox of Stonington, Conn., born 1782; died 1860, buried in cemetery at Breedtown, Venango Co., PA.
Captain Hancox migrated to Pennsylvania in 1818 with members of the Breed family and settled Breedtown.

[NI505] See photo in Mary Dollmyer's scrapbook.

[NI507] No firm proof this is right, but based on her age at death (83yrs according to the Lutheran church record) this could be correct.

[NI508] No documented proof yet, but Christian is a possible brother of Mary Dollmyer. When reviewing the St. Lukes Evang. Lutheran & Reform Church (Venus, PA) church records, in addition to Mary's mother and father, there are two other Dollmyers (Christain and Elisabeth) within Mary's age group in this church record.

Died 6AM Nov. 23, 1857.

[NI509] While there is no current proof that Lugwig Auge and this Maria Miller are married, the church records and the age of Maria (16 yrs) when this child was born make sense.

[NI511] See son Fredrick, History of Venango Co., Pa notes.

[NI512] See son Fredrick, History of Venango Co., Pa notes.

[NI513] No documented proof yet, but Elisabeth is a possible sister of Mary Dollmyer. When reviewing the St. Lukes Evang. Lutheran & Reform Church (Venus, PA) church records, in addition to Mary's mother and father, there are two other Dollmyers (Christain and Elisabeth) within Mary's age group in this church record.

[NI514] No documented proof yet, but Christian is a possible brother of Fred Miller. When reviewing the St. Lukes Evang. Lutheran & Reform Church (Venus, PA) church records, there are two other Millers (Christain & Adam) within Fred's age group in this church record.

According to the Luther church records, Christian "died after only 8 days (?) illness,"... "aged 29y 4m" old when he died.

[NI515] No documented proof yet, but Adam is a possible brother of Fred Miller. When reviewing the St. Lukes Evang. Lutheran & Reform Church (Venus, PA) church records, there are two other Millers (Christain & Adam) within Fred's age group in this church record.

[NI516] Sometimes Laufer is spelled Lauffer in the Lutheran church records.

[NI517] Died at age 2y 7m.

[NI521] Miller spelled the German way (Muller with the double dots over the u). His name was originally Christoph Muller.

Christoph was age 3y 2m 9d when he died.

[NI522] Original name was Ludwig Muller in the church records. The name was changed to Louis Miller Abt. 1875.

[NI530] Died at age: 66y 5m.

[NI532] As stated in the St. Lukes Evang. Lutheran & Reform Church (Venus, PA) church records: "Age: 10m 23d. Buried in the cemetery church yard."

[NI533] Died at age: 17y 4m 20d.

[NI548] First husband.

[NI549] Second wife.

Isabella Taillefer of Angouleme. Daughter of Count of Angouleme.

[NI602] Name and birth information from the Cincinnati, OH 1870 census of father Joseph Passauer.

[NI603] Not proven to be the John Passauer, the father of John George Passauer. This information is from the 1870 Ohio Census. See the Joseph Passauer 1870 Part 1 & 2 census images. According to the 1870 census, there is a John Passauer age 63 living with Joseph Passauer. According to his age, John would have been born in 1807. Is this father of John George and the other brothers? If this is, John George Passauer would have been born when this John was 21 years old. This is possible! The census also states that John was "Infirm," that both his mother and dad were foreign born and that he was not an American citizen in 1870.

During the 1880 Cincinnati, OH census, John was still living with Joseph Passauer and was stated to be 77 years old. This would have him born in 1803 not 1807. This would have made John 25 years old when they had John George Passauer. Still possible!

John is buried at the Vine St. Hill Cemetery, Cincinnati, OH, Sec.12, Lot Gr. 935. Birth and death dates are from the cemetery information. According to the cemetery records, John died on 4-21-1884 at age 80. This would make him born in 1804.

From the Hamilton, Co. Court House records.
Death, John Passauer, male, white, widower, 80yrs. DOD 4/28/1884, born in Germany, #1884/436 pg 150.
Below is a History of the Carthage Road Cemetery and the Vine Street Hill Cemetery since there have been a number of queries regarding the cemetery. Additionally I think that the history below will clarify any mis-information that has been distributed regarding it's history.


Dan Jungclas

History of Vine Street Hill Cemetery

This Cemetery has not always been known as the Vine Street Hill Cemetery. It was started by members of the German Evangelical Reform Churches of St. Peter and St. Paul of Cincinnati, Ohio. It was known as the German Evangelical Protestant Cemetery on Carthage Road or just Carthage Road Cemetery, located 3 and 1/2 miles from the city. Burials that had been made next to the St. Peter Church at 3001 Queen City Avenue were made to this cemetery in 1871. Many of the death records on file for the City of
Cincinnati, Department of Health, which start in 1867 give the place of burial as Carthage Road on which the entrance was located. The name of Carthage for this section of road starting north of Glenmary Avenue was changed to Vine Street after the suburb of Clifton was annexed to Cincinnati in 1896. The original and main entrance is at 3701 Vine Street and the Cemetery is known as the Vine Street Hill Cemetery.

In 1849 many residents of Cincinnati were stricken with cholera and the need for additional burial area developed. The Germans also thought the cost of "English" burial ground was too expensive. On February 26, 1850 the first land was purchased from Samuel West. In August 1882 additional land was purchased from F. Feldman and S. West. Today the cemetery consists of 170 acres of land. The immediate area was developed as a residential community by a large influx of German Immigrants. The German People desired to continue their traditional customs. They purchased family lots for multiple burials so that they could be buried together and near here they had lived and still convenient for the ritual of visitation. Four generations of the Dahmann family served as superintendents prior to 1871. Many people over the years have contributed their services gratis on behalf of the cemetery, and especially the Meier

A receiving vault for twelve was built in 1850 and in 1884 a chapel was built in front of the vault. An area on the west side of the property which now adjoins Section 22A and Woodsview was once called Dietze Basin, which was holding bank No.2 for the Miami-Erie Canal. This is now a pond. Fred H. Benner established in 1929 the present system of management. The office building was built in 1933 at the Vine Street Entrance. The first floor is all used as office space and the upper floor was for a residence of the

In 1963 the management joined the ecumenical movement and became interdenominational for burials. Along with other changes in 1974 they opened the cemetery to all races. A beautiful Mausoleum was built in 1976 that can be viewed from the Interstate 75 Highway. A second entrance for the cemetery was added on the north end of the property from Mitchell Avenue, which is an egress from the Interstate Highway.

Many of the graves for the 1800's have artistic markers carved of stone to the likeness of the deceased, a custom of that time period. Some even have ceramic photos on their markers. The management has complete records of lot owners and burials and plans to provide burial space for at least twenty more years. The following named sections have been opened since 1982 for burials: Woodsview, Vineview, Meadowview, Mueller Heights, Chapel Heights, Beechview, Veterans, Wilson Ridge, Ridgeview and Garden of Olive.

[NI604] Name and birth information from the Cincinnati, OH 1880 census of father Joseph Passauer.

[NI605] Name and birth information from the Cincinnati, OH 1880 census of father Joseph Passauer.

Joseph, the son of Joseph and Margaret Passauer is found again in the Cincinnati, OH 1900 census as head of the house at age 24. He has been married only one year. His occupation in 1900 was as a bar tender.

Joseph is again found in the Cincinnati, OH census of 1910. Joseph is still a bar tender. They are renting their home. Their sons are still living at home.

Joseph is again found in the Cincinnati, OH census of 1920. Joseph is now a salesman of retail notions. They are still renting their home. Their sons are still living at home.

Buried at the Vine St. Hill Cemetery, Cincinnati, OH, Sec.13, Lot Gr. 576A. Birth and death dates from cemetery information.

Obituary from the Times Star, Apr. 29, 1941: "Passauer--Joseph L., beloved husband of Julia Johannes Passauer and devoted father of Joseph L. Jr. and Harry Passauer in his 65th year, Monday, April 28, 1941, at his residence, 5045 Marion Ave. Norwood. Friends may call Wednesday at the Whiting Funeral Home, 3900 Montgomery Rd., where services will be held Thursday at 10:30 A.M.

Norwood is a community of Cincinnati, OH.

[NI606] From the Hamilton, Co. Court House records.
Death, Christian Passauer, male, white, single, 1 year, DOD 9/1/1881, #1881/30 pg 1.

Name and birth information from the Cincinnati, OH 1880 census of father Joseph Passauer.

[NI607] According to the Cincinnati, OH, 1900 census for her husband Joseph Passauer Julia's parents were born in Germany.

Buried at the Vine St. Hill Cemetery, Cincinnati, OH, Sec.13, Lot Gr. 575A. Birth and death dates from cemetery information.

Obituary from the June 15, 1965 Enquirer newspaper: "PASSAUER--Julia (nee Johannas), wife of the late Joseph L. Passauer, devoted mother of Joseph and the late Harry Passauer, Monday, June 14, 1965; formerly of Marion Ave. Norwood. Services, Wednesday, June 16, at the convenience of the family. Vorhis Funeral Home, Norwood, in charge. No visitation.

[NI608] From the Hamilton, Co., OH Court House records.
Birth, Joseph Louis Passauer, male, white, Father: Joseph (born in Cincinnati, occupation: bartender), mother: Julia Johannes (born in Cincinnati), DOB 12/2/1899, #1899/5645 pg 129.

See also, name and birth information in the Cincinnati, OH 1900 census of father Joseph Passauer.

[NI609] Name and birth information from the Cincinnati, OH 1910 census of father Joseph Passauer. Death information from father and mother's obituaries.

[NI612] Was a factory worker.

[NI616] 2nd Wife.

[NI620] Third wife.

[NI621] Youngest son.

Fought in the War of 1812 and the Mexican War. T.H.P. Jr. ran a grist mill on the creek on the farm. See letter from Earl Prather under the father's notes.

According to a letter from Earl Prather to his cousin Avalee Passauer dataed 3-24, 1977:

Thomas Hicks Prather, is buried in the old Prather Cemetery on the Prather farm. The cemetery is located just a little way in from the main highway back of gas station under a cherry tree in a hayfield.

According to the letter from Earl Prather, Jr. was married twice. One son, the rest were daughters. One daughter married a Henderson and the farm passed to the Hendersons.

[NI623] Second husband.

[NI624] Buried in the Cherrytree Cemetery, PA.

[NI625] Died or rabies when 21 yrs, old.

[NI633] Lived across the river from President, PA, near Eagle Rock.

Brother of Henry McCalmont.

Did Elizabeth marry Thomas or James F. McCalmont. One letter fro Earl Prather dated Sept. 9, 1974 says Thomas, then another letter from Earl Prather dated March 24, 1977 says James F McCalmont?

[NI635] Brother of Thomas McCalmont.

[NI636] Buried in Prather Cemetery on family farm.

[NI637] Not buried in Prather Cemetery on family farm nor is his wife.

[NI639] Second wife. Thomas was her second husband. She had three more after his death, being buried at Mill Village (Erie Co.), PA under the name of Suzanne Hewitt.

[NI642] Of Plumer, PA.

Had 16 children mentioned in his will. The Venango County history said that he fatherd 20 children. Maybe some died young as babies at birth?

There was an old George Ricketts still living on the Ricketts homestead in Plumer, PA in 1879.

[NI643] First wife.

[NI647] Second wife.

[NI649] First wife. Died in the 1918 flu epidemic.

[NI654] Became an Ensign in the British Navy and went to England to live.

[NI655] Received land in Virginia. No male heirs listed in the Colonial History.

[NI656] Received land in Virginia. No male heirs listed in the Colonial History.

[NI657] Received land in Virginia. No male heirs listed in the Colonial History.

[NI658] Hiufner, PA not sure of spelling from notes.

[NI672] Died unmarried.

[NI675] A dentist.

[NI676] Buried on Henderson Farm.

[NI680] Buried in Mill Village Cemetery.

[NI682] Died unmarried.

[NI683] Buried at Garland, PA.

[NI688] 1st wife.

[NI689] Second wife.

[NI690] Buried in Mill Village Cemetery.

[NI699] Inherited the Prather Farm.

[NI700] Both buried in the East Hickory Cemetery near the Methodist Church.

[NI702] The one that talked to Earl Prather about the burial place of Thomas Hicks Prather, Sr. and Jr.

[NI708] Name may be Eugene.

[NI709] Married and had children.

[NI710] Married and had children.

[NI711] Married, a widow with children.

[NI716] Both buried at East Hickory, PA.

[NI718] First buried on Henderson Farm and later moved to East Hickory, PA.

[NI721] First buried on Henderson Farm and later moved to East Hickory, PA.

[NI723] Daughter went to live with Grandfather Henderson who evidently adopted her after her mother died and was later known as Mary Henderson.

[NI732] Divorced.

[NI734] Nancy Henderson was legally adopted by Ned Arden Henderson and his 1st wife Gertrude.

[NI735] 1st wife to Ned.

[NI736] Second husband.

[NI740] Married and divorced three times.

[NI741] Nancy Henderson was legally adopted by Ned Arden Henderson and his 1st wife Gertrude.

[NI742] 1st wife.

[NI743] 2nd child born to 1st wife.

[NI744] Thomas had 4 children to 2nd wife.

[NI745] Married and has 4 sons.

[NI748] 1st husband.

[NI749] 2nd husband.

[NI750] Buried with his wife in Mill Village Cemetery.

[NI752] No children.

[NI753] Buried at Youngstown, OH.

[NI754] Buried at Erie, PA.

[NI758] 3 children.

[NI760] 4 children.

[NI762] 3 children.

[NI764] 5 children.

[NI768] According to Gladys Passauer, Ronald had only one child (Willard). This child was the child of his wife, Catherine Bertha , but was adopted by Ronald Passauer.

[NI778] According to Melvin Passauer, John Charlston came to the United States when he was 25 years old.

[NI781] According to Melvin Passauer she is not married as of July 1999 but has been married twice. She also has no children as of 1999. She works as an accountant.

[NI782] 1st husband. Divorced.

[NI783] Second husband. Divorced.

[NI785] According to Melvin Passauer there are no children.

[NF002] Married by W. H. T. Squires of the Presbyterian Church on Oct. 18, 1943 in Norfolk, VA.

[NF020] Avalee from a family history book.
Met: 7-22-1937
"A girl friend and I were out for a walk"
First Date: 7-30-1937
First gift: Nail polish set
Engaged: 5-29-1940
Married in Lucinda, PA 6-19-1940 by Rev. Kuntz
Best man; Vernard Distler
Maid of honor: Grace Hartle

[NF035] This is from a reconstructed Cincinnati, OH Court House marriage record. Many originals were destroyed in the 1884 fire. John Passour married Mary Dullmeier on September 5, 1851. There is no minister name so apparently this was a civil ceremony.

[NF057] Date of marriage from the Cincinnati, OH reconstructed court house records.

[NF076] The Reverend Edward Lowery officiated.

Wedding License issued by the Clerk of the Orphan's Court of Venango County, Franklin, PA. License # 1998-00525506

[NF093] Mother to Lori Passauer.



[NF237] From pg. 18 of the St. Lukes Evang. Lutheran & Reform Church (Venus, PA) church records. "Married at residence of Jacob Frehn. Witnesses: C. Sandrock, Judy Miller, Jonas Miller and Mary Frehn. Rev. F. E. Fickeihsen."

[NS15681] Entries from 1844 thru 1928. Appears to be the complete record of the church. The church kept very poor marriage records.

[NS15682] Very good

[NS15683] Available only at the Oil City Library Heritage Room.


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