NICK: Great White Chief
Birth: 1745 in Old Craig Parish,Augusta Co.,VA
Christening: 17 AUG 1745 Old Craig Parish,Augusta Co.,VA
Death: 27 MAR 1821 in Tazwell Co.,VA
Will of James Maxwell
In the name of God Amen, I James Maxwell of Tazewell County being weak in body but of sound mind and memory calling to mind the mortality of the body and knowing that it is appointed to men once to die I therefore do make and ordain, this my last will and testament as followeth:
ToWit: First I appoint my two sons William and Robert to be my Executors to settle all my affairs and after paying all my debts to make the following disbursements:
ITEM. First I will and bequest unto Jane my well and beloved wife all my personel estate to her use as long as she lives and at her decease it and all that remains to her son Maxwell Comme.
Likewise onto my daughter Mary I will and bequest 150 acres of land in the back valley being part of a survey of 665 acres at the upper end joining line with James Harrison and at her decease to fall to her son Maxwell Cambell.
ITEM: To my four daughters Elizabeth, Margaret, Jane and Nancy I bequest and equal share of one tract of land in the rich mountain containing 250 acres and likewise and equal share of 515 acres of land in the back valley be the residue of a tract of 665 acres in which Mary has her share.
ITEM: Onto my two sons John and William I bequest one dollar each, they having received their share before.
ITEM: Onto my son James I bequest one dollar he having received his share before.
ITEM: Onto my son Robert I will and bequeath the land I now live on and a small tract lying between the tract I now live on and James Perry's place with all it's appenteuences.
My negro man Dan I will to my wife during her life and at her death I will him to my son Robert.
I now make the above my last will and testament and renounce and do away with all other and make and ordain and establish this my last will and testament.
Signed sealed and acknowledged in the presence of us this 28th day of August 1820.
Signed: John Laird Thoma Whiten James Whitten
This monument, which stands outside the Fellowship Hall, reads, "Sacred to the Memory of the Immigrants to this valley who turned the wilderness into habitations." It lists the names of the original members who were assessed twelve shillings each to build the first meeting house. Administratively, the membership was divided into three Quarters headed by John Christian, William Wright, and John Finley. Christian's quarter included families named Black, Cowin, Wilson, Long, Bell, Alexander, Stewart, Patton, Hall, Robison, Cristian, Davison, McCollock, Caldwell, Armstrong, Rutledge, Henderson, Conegham, Thomson, Scott, Gamel, Ramsey, Preston, Maxwell, McDonal, Russell, Lewis, Hutchison, McClanahan, Brackenridge, and McCollock. Wright's quarter included families named Smith Hutchison, Palmer, Thomson, Moday, Frazer, Johnston, Logan, Henderson, Scileran, Black, Cear, McCune, Fergeson, and Wright. Finley's quarter included families named McClure, Turk, Gay, Finley, McCollock, Gelaspey, Edmiston, Campbell, Stewart, Peterson, Cear, Tays, Steel, and White. (Photo courtesy of Ellen L. Moffett)
Interest in building a new meeting house began in 1777 when the subscribers agreed to pay the costs. However, completion of the building was delayed by the war and it wasn't until about 1792 that the Stone Sanctuary shown here was completed.
DSCR: Large man weighing 225 lbs. He was broad shouldered, well built, had a powerful voice, straight coarse black hair, and was fair completed with blue eyes.
Event: Military Rev War; Virginia State Navy,Capt.,Cormorant.
LAND: GRANTS 34, P398 LAND OFFICE PATENTS AND GRANTS VA. WYTHE CO. VA. ON THE RICH MOUNTAIN ADJOINING THE LANDS OF WILLIAM BROOKS. 8 JULY 1796.
Old Craig Parish, which included both Stone and Tinkling Spring Meeting Houses,
James "Great White Chief" Maxwell served in the Rev. War as did his brother Thomas. He fought in several Indian skirmishes as well as at the Battle of Kings Mountain.
In 1772, James went from Brotecourt to Tazewell Va. with a friend Samuel Walker. The night they arrived they fell in with a hunting party, and among them Uriah Stone who claimed to have made improvements on the land they were camping on, namely the foundation of a cabin some felled and deadened trees and some split rails. James purchased it from him and that same year moved his family there. He reared his family there during the hostilities with the Indians. His wife and younger children lived in the fort for protection while he and his sons built their farm.
They worked hard clearing timber from the land. They built a large crude log cabin and out houses, planted a garden and orchard. He raised hogs, horses, cattle and sheep and kept four Dane dogs and was well to do for the times. After awhile he brought his wife and children to the farm, which was built on an old Indian burial ground. James felt relatively safe as the Indians never molested him, they called him the Great white Chief. When he went in search of his stock he carried his rifle over his shoulder, his knife in his hand had one dog in front, one in back and one on either side. He never looked to the right or left. But straight forward.
When autumn rolled around James took his sons and went to the Kings Salt Works to get salt for his stock and to preserve his meat. While gone some stray Indians passed through and came to the house in the forest where they found in the Orchard James's two small daughters Jenny and Mattie who had gone there to feed their pet lambs. They were tomahawked. The Indians then took two sons of a neighbor Samuel Moffit as captive's and went to the farm of Thomas Ingles where they took the family and performed depredations on them. James removed his family from the farm.
His daughter Elizabeth married Henry "Big Creek" Marrs whose mother had been killed by the Indians in Thompson Valley Va. in 1775. He also was a fierce Indian fighter.
Change Date: 3 JUL 2002 at 15:53:38
Father: John MAXWELL b: 1719 in Downpatrick Co,Ireland
Mother: Margaret Mary IRELAND b: Abt 1723
Marriage 1 Jane ROBERTS
Married: Bef 1776
Elizabeth MAXWELL b: 1765
Mary MAXWELL b: 1774
John MAXWELL b: Abt 1776
Margaret Peggy MAXWELL b: 1776 in Montgomery Co.,VA
Mattie Mollie MAXWELL b: 1778
Jennie MAXWELL b: 1779
James MAXWELL b: 1780 in Virginia
Robert MAXWELL b: 5 JUL 1786 in Southwest,VA
Thomas MAXWELL b: 1788
Nancy MAXWELL b: 1789
Jane MAXWELL b: Abt 1789
Williams James MAXWELL b: 1790
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