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Comprehensive Examination Questions
July 1996

1. In the past, the creators and users of catalogs thought of them as local tools. Discuss the implications of the extension of catalogs beyond local collections, through on­line methods, for the people who make catalogs and those who use them.

2. A continuing decrease in financial support and an exponential growth of information in various formats have changed the role of staff in libraries, archives, and information centers. Discuss the nature of these staff changes and the ways in which managers can best prepare, utilize, and adapt personnel to meet these challenges.

3. Recently, various initiatives have focused on parental concerns about their children's reading and viewing. Discuss the issues involved and the rights and responsibilities of parents, children, and librarians in determining children's access to information resources.

4. Describe how changes in databases, networking, user interfaces, and pricing affect end user searching. Discuss the implications of end user searching for librarians.

5. The stated goal of many libraries, museums, archives, and information centers is to preserve the records of civilization. Select two of these four types of information organizations listed, and discuss similarities and differences in how they attempt to accomplish this goal. Include both technical and administrative aspects in your answer.

6. Describe how Web pages differ from other electronic information resources, such as on­line and CD­ROM databases. Discuss the implications of these differences for how we organize and provide access to Web pages.

7. Recently, a number of cities, including San Francisco, have constructed new central library buildings. Coinciding with the era of electronic information, these building suggest a continuing role for the library as a physical place." Describe the various roles played by libraries as physical places, and discuss how these roles may be affected by electronic access to information.

8. As a newly appointed head of collection development, you have decided to formulate an appropriate and up­to­date collection development policy embodying the library's new interest in access as well as ownership. Identify the type of library in which you are working. Describe the issues to be addressed when formulating such a collection development policy. Discuss the ways in which the policy will reflect new formats of information and methods of access.

9. In 1995, the American Library Association adopted a revised code of ethics. Describe the major changes embodied in the new version and the central values retained from the 1981 Statement on Professional Ethics. Discuss the applicability of the 1995 code to the changing information environment.

10. It has been suggested that researchers in the future will publish their works on the Internet and bypass scholarly journals altogether. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of such a system of scholarly communication from the perspective of scholars, publishers, and librarians.

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