Trimble's Tavern Antiques
is very pleased to present
the Solutrean-like artifacts
of the
late Mark Small Collection

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The images and information presented here are a compilation of previously established evidence as well as new evidence
not yet fully studied by the wider scientific community. It is my desire to loan these artifacts for scientific
study to recognized institutions pursuing the studies of the Peopling of the Americas


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Found on the shores of Mathews County and from the bay's depths, these incredible artifacts are
all the more amazing when one realizes these six rare specimens are all from one collection!


Call/Email David Stone Sweet, at 804 296 7838 or E-mail me!
to discuss and/or schedule with me to see these exciting discoveries in-person






"Solutrean tool-making employed techniques not seen before and not rediscovered
for millennia. The Solutrean has relatively finely worked, bifacial points made
with lithic reduction percussion and pressure flaking rather than cruder flint
knapping. Knapping was done using antler batons, hardwood batons and soft stone
hammers. This method permitted the working of delicate slivers of flint to make
light projectiles and even elaborate barbed and tanged arrowheads. Large thin
spearheads; scrapers with edge not on the side but on the end; flint knives an
saws, but all still chipped, not ground or polished; long spear-points, with
tang and shoulder on one side only, are also characteristic implements of this
industry. Bone and antler were used as well."

"The Solutrean hypothesis builds on similarities between the Solutrean industry
and the later Clovis culture / Clovis points of North America, and suggests that
people with Solutrean tool-technology crossed the Ice Age Atlantic by moving
along the pack ice edge, using survival skills similar to those of modern Eskimo
people. The migrants arrived in northeastern North America and served as the
donor culture for what eventually developed into Clovis tool-making technology.
Archaeologists Dennis Stanford and Bruce Bradley suggest that the Clovis point
derived from the points of the Solutrean culture of southern France (19,000 BP)
through the Cactus Hill points of Virginia (16,000 BP) to the Clovis point.
Stanford and Bradley also refer to other pre-Clovis finds in the Chesapeake Bay
region of northeastern North America—such as the laurel-leaf Cinmar bifacial
point—as possible links between Solutrean and Clovis lithic technology."

Original courtesy of Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solutrean — Please support Wikipedia.



The series of projectile points being found or excavated from pre-Clovis levels
along the bay's margins, and at other locations, effectively refutes
the Clovis First 'hypothesis'... Regardless of their origins, these
artifacts are among the very oldest artifacts to be found in the Americas

The Cinmar blades' age is not in question, nor is the fact that it establishes a
human occupation on the continent's LGM shoreline corresponding with the age of
the Solutrean occupation of Europe.

That Solutrean technologies are consistent in comparison with these
artifacts' attributes adds intrigue--the real mystery isn't whether they are or
are not Solutrean of origin--the question is: Was Solutrean technology passed
on, OR was a substantial portion of it merely rediscovered of its own accord here,
then lost, only to surface again with Clovis

Cutting to the chase, a lot more explaining needs to be done to refute these
facts; how they may be interpreted leans more in favor of an unknown compelling
factor for a Solutrean presence here, yet still missing from our view, in this author's opinion.



Two Solutrean Blades recovered from the Chesapeake bay and shown at the Peopling of the Americas
conference in NM, 2012 by Dr Dennis Standford and Dr Bruce Bradley.
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The two large blades and four projectile points shown are described by Dr Stanford:

“Their existence appears consistent with other physical evidence found of very early
day man living in the Chesapeake Region and using Solutrean
technology to make tools to hunt and butcher mastodons.”




Note the large flake scars which were used to thin the form.
Many have been over-flaked by subsequent thinning and shaping,
and by the finishing retouch to sharpen and resharpen the blade

Outre' Pass flaking is a difficult technique to control, according to master Clovis and Solutrean-style knapper Dr Bruce Bradley.
The by-product flakes removed during the thinning process are vital to the completion of these peoples' tool assemblages.
Prismatic uniface blades and flakes were turned into a wide range of tools.






The fine examples of outre' pass flaking used to thin this bi-face knife are the hallmark of both Solutrean and Clovis flaking technologies.
It is important to note that the considerable technological similarities shared between Solutrean and Clovis are unique.









This knife was made from this once brightly banded material, a red/yellow flow Rhyolite. This material's quarry source is unconfirmed, tho it has been suggested that there is a source in the piedmont region of the border area between North and South Carolina.



Click each of the next six photos of the trianguloid indented-base Solutrean-like points for enlarged detail viewing
of the flaking and form of these rare artifacts--there might just be one in your collection, too!














This exceptional gem is identical in flaking and form to recognized Solutrean
bi-faces found in Europe. The importance of these finds is yet incompletely told--
The lack of DNA supporting a Solutrean immigration is defied by these artifacts
whose lithics technologies are in many ways virtually identical to Solutrean!





The famed Cinmar Blade
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Recovered from off the Atlantic coast along with remains of a Mammoth, apparently killed and butchered in an
ancient seaside marsh. The mammoth-ivory recovered was dated to 22,700 years before present, placing the seaside kill site within the same
chronological period that Solutrean peoples were occupying varied niches in Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum. In spite of doubts about
Solutrean technology immigrating to the new world, the Cinmar artifacts establish a human occupation of the North American LGM shoreline whose
peoples shared numerous technological attributes with Solutrean Europe.




E-mail me!
David Stone Sweet

The images presented here are the most detailed images of these artifacts to be made public to date.
These are owned by David Sweet and use without my written consent is a violation of copyright law.