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III. Hades

    The god Hades, son of Cronus and Rhea, received the Underworld for his realm,

    when his brother gods, Zeus and Poseidon, received dominion of the sky and sea.

    The Cyclops gave Hades the helmet of invisibility to help in the gods' battle with the Titans. Thus,

    the name Hades means "The Invisible." The realm he rules over is also called Hades.

    Hades is the enemy of all life, gods, and men. Since nothing will sway him, he is rarely worshiped.

    Sometimes a milder form of Hades, Pluto, is worshiped as the god of wealth, since the wealth of

    the earth is believed to come from what lies below.

    The attributes of Hades include his watchdog Cerberus, the key to the

    Underworld, and sometimes a cornucopia or a two-pronged pick-axe. The cypress and narcissus

    are plants sacred to him. Sometimes black sheep were offered to him in sacrifice.

    The most familiar myth about Hades is the story of the abduction of Persephone

    by Hades. This myth gave the Greeks an explanation of supposedly how the year was divided into

    four seasons. Spring and Summer represented Persephone return to the earth from the

    underworld, then Fall and Winter represented her gloomy departure back to the dark realms of

    her husband.