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THE NAVAJO TREATY - 1868

BY WALTER LEON LOONEY

TIME PERIOD: 1860 -1870

"I HOPE TO GOD YOU WILL NOT ASK ME TO GO TO ANY OTHER COUNTRY EXCEPT MY OWN" - BARBONCITO NAVAJO CHIEF MAY 1868


BARBONCITO NAVAJO CHIEF

Kit Carson

General 

Tecumseh Sherman

The Navajo Peace Delegation


In 1864 Kit Carson succeeded in his effort of capturing the Navajo Tribe of Indians.  The Navajos were then forced to walk to to Fort Sumner in Eastern New Mexico.  This is know as the "LONG WALK".  They were forced to live on the Bosque Redondo Reservation.  The Bosque Redondo Reservation was not a good home for the Navajos, and many of them died.  They suffered famine, pestilence, draught, and much grief.  Finally, the United States Government realized that something needed to be done. In May of 1868, General Tecumseh Sherman worked out a Treaty with the Navajos that allowed them to return to their homelands.  In Article III. there is a provision for the building of a school. In Article Article VI. there is a provision for an English education.

 


ARTICLE III. The United States agrees to cause to be built, at some point within said reservation, where timber and water may be convenient, the following buildings: a warehouse, to cost not exceeding twenty-five hundred dollars; an agency building for the residence of the agent, not to cost exceeding three thousand dollars; a carpenter shop and blacksmith shop, not to cost exceeding one thousand dollars each; and a school-house and chapel, so soon as a sufficient number of children can be Induced to attend school, which shall not exceed five thousand dollars.
ARTICLE VI.
In order to insure the civilization of the Indians entering into this treaty, the necessity of education is admitted, especially of such of them as may be settled on said agricultural parts of this reservation, and they therefore pledge themselves to compel their children, male and female, between the ages of six and sixteen years, to attend school; and it is hereby made the duty of the agent for said Indians to see that this stipulation is strictly complied with; and the United States agrees that, for every thirty children between said ages who can be induced or compelled to attend school, a house shall be provided, and a teacher competent to teach the elementary branches of an English education shall be furnished, who will reside among said Indians, and faithfully discharge his or her duties as a teacher.


  NAVAJOS CAPTURED BY KIT CARSON
  1864
  Kit Carson 1809-1868
  More about Kit Carson
 THE NAVAJO (DINEH) Navajo History
  Fort Sumner State Monument
  Barboncito
  U.S. TREATY WITH THE NAVAJOS, 1868
  Events that lead up to the Treaty
  Commemoration Day
  Naat'áanii (Treaty of 1868)
  The Navajo Treaty Project
  The Treaty's Text
Tseyi Association of Canyon DeChelly Residents 
  Navajo Leaders from Time Immemorial
  Click For a Printable Version of the Treaty
  Encyclopedia of North American Indians
MANUELITO

 

 


PRESIDENT ANDREW JOHNSON

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 




"AFTER WE GET BACK TO OUR COUNTRY IT WILL BRIGHTEN UP AGAIN AND THE NAVAJOS WILL BE AS HAPPY AS THE LAND, BLACK CLOUDS WILL RISE AND THERE WILL BE PLENTY OF RAIN.  CORN WILL GROW IN ABUNDANCE AND EVERYTHING LOOK HAPPY AGAIN."  BARBONCITO.