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References to American Scorpion Fauna Checklist


This list is incomplete. This list is also annotated to indicate the main subjects of each paper. Basically, species described in the articles are listed.

Species transferred from one genus into another are listed thus: Vejovis (Serradiguts) gertschi, in which the species Vejovis gertschi was later transferred into the genus Serradigitus.

The spelling of the genus Vejovis/Vaejovis can be confusing. The accepted spelling is Vaejovis, but some older papers used Vejovis, which was long thought to be correct.

Synonyms are also noted in these formats: (= V. montcazieri = Ps. cazieri), in which the species originally described and listed was later changed to Vaejovis montcazieri and subsequently changed to Pseudouroctonus cazieri; C. zweifeli (= C. exilicauda) in which the species described was subsequently found to be the same as Centruroides exilicauda.

Other notes should be self-explanatory (I hope!).

Bigelow, Joe L. 1994. Scorpions of North America. (Unpublished checklist.)

Francke, Oscar F. 1975. A new species of Diplocentrus from New Mexico and Arizona (Scorpionida, Diplocentridae). J. Arachnol., 2: 107-118. Diplocentrus peloncillensis.

Francke, Oscar F. 1977. Redescription of Vaejovis globosus Borelli (Scorpionida, Vaejovidae). Ent. News., 88: 45-51.

Gertsch, Willis J. 1958. Results of the Puritan-American Museum expedition to western Mexico. 4. The scorpions. Amer. Mus. Novitates, No. 1903, 20 pp. Vejovis (Serradigitus) baueri, V. puritanus, Centruroides zweifeli (= C. exilicauda).

Gertsch, Willis J. and Dorald M. Allred. 1965. Scorpions of the Nevada Test Site. Brigham Young Univ. Sci. Bull., Biol. Ser., 6(4): 1-15. Vejovis (Paruroctonus) becki.

Gertsch, Willis J. and Michael E. Soleglad. !972. Studies of North American scorpions of the genera Uroctonus and Vejovis (Scorpionida, Vejovidae). Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 148(4): 549-608. Uroctonus grahami, Uroctonus (Uroctonites) huachuca, U. (Uroctonites) montereus, U. (Uroctonites) sequoia, U. (Pseudouroctonus) apacheanus, U. (Ps.) angelanus, U. (Ps.) bogerti, Vejovis (Pseudouroctonus) minimus castaneus, U. (Ps.) chicano, Vejovis (Ps.) iviei, V. (Ps.) lindsayi, U. (Ps.) cazieri (= V. montcazieri = Ps. cazieri), V. (Ps.) reddelli, U. (Ps.) rufulus, V. (Ps.) minimus thompsoni, V. (Ps.) vaquero, U. (Ps.) williamsi.

Gertsch, Willis J. and Michael E. Soleglad. 1966. The scorpions of the Vejovis boreus group (subgenus Paruroctonus) in North America (Scorpionida: Vejovidae). Amer. Mus. Novitates, No. 2278, 54 pp. Vejovis (Paruroctonus) bantai, V. (P.) stahnkei, V. (P.) xanthus, V. (P.) luteolus, V. (P.) auratus (= P. boreus).

Haradon, Richard M. 1983. Smeringurus, a new subgenus of Paruroctonus Werner (Scorpiones, Vaejovidae). J. Arachnol., 11: 251-270.

Haradon, Richard M. 1984. New and redefined species belonging to the Paruroctonus baergi group (Scorpiones, Vaejovidae). J. Arachnol., 12: 205-221. Paruroctonus arenicola, P. arenicola nudipes, P. marksi.

Haradon, Richard M. 1984. New and redefined species belonging to the Paruroctonus borregoensis group (Scorpiones, Vaejovidae). J. Arachnol., 12: 317-339. P. borregoensis actites, P. ammonastes, P. hirsutipes, P. nitidus.

Haradon, Richard M. 1985. New groups and species belonging to the nominate subgenus Paruroctonus (Scorpiones, Vaejovidae). J. Arachnol., 13: 19-42. Paruroctonus bantai saratoga, P. shulovi nevadae, P. simulatus, P. coahuilanus.

Hendrixson, Brent E. 2001. A new species of Vaejovis (Scorpiones, Vaejovidae) from Sonora, Mexico. J. Arachnol., 29: 47-55. Vaejovis waueri.

Hjelle, John T. 1972. Scorpions of the northern California Coast Ranges (Arachnida: Scorpionida). Occas. Pap. Cal. Acad. Sci., No. 92, 59 pp. Uroctonus (Pseudouroctonus) glimmei, U. mordax pluridens, Vaejovis (Serradigitus) gertschi striatus.

Johnson, J. D. and D. M. Allred. 1972. Scorpions of Utah. Great Basin Natl., 32: 154-170.

Mulaik, S. and H. G. Higgins. 1944. A new genus of scorpions in the Southwest. Ent. News, 55(9): 237-240. Diplops desertorum (= Superstitionia donensis).

Reddell, James R. 1970. A checklist of the cave fauna of Texas. I. The Invertebrata. (Exclusive of Insecta). Texas J. Sci., 17: 143-187.

Reddell, James R. 1970. A checklist of the cave fauna of Texas. IV. Additional records of Invertebrata. (Exclusive of Insecta). Texas J. Sci., 21: 389-415.

Sissom, W. David. 1990. Systematics of Vaejovis dugesi Pocock, with descriptions of two new related species (Scorpiones, Vaejovidae). Southwest. Naturalist., 35(1): 47-53. Vaejovis dugesi (elevated to species from V. mexicanus), V. chisos, V. sprousei.

Sissom, W. David. 1991. Systematic studies on the nitidulus group of the genus Vaejovis, with descriptions of seven new species (Scorpiones, Vaejovidae). J. Arachnol., 19: 4-28. V. curvidigitus, V. kochi, V. mitchelli, V. platnicki, V. pococki, V. rubrimanus, V. solegladi, and new records of Vaejovis intermedius.

Sissom W. David and Oscar F. Francke. 1981. Scorpions of the genus Paruroctonus from New Mexico and Texas (Scorpiones, Vaejovidae). J. Arachnol., 9: 93-108. Paruroctonus pecos, P. williamsi; new records of P. gracilior and P. utahensis.

Sissom, W. David and Oscar F. Francke. 1985. Redescriptions of some poorly known species of the nitidulus group of the genus Vaejovis (Scorpiones, Vaejovidae). J. Arachnol., 13: 243-266. V. nigrescens (reinstated to species from nitidulus), V. intermedius (reinstated as species from nitidulus), V. decipiens (elevated to species from mexicanus), V. minckleyi (reinstated from Paruroctonus [Stahnke, 1974]), V. peninsularis (removed from wupatkiensis group).

Sissom, W. David and Scott A. Stockwell. 1991. The genus Serradigitus in Sonora, Mexico, with descriptions of four new species (Scorpiones, Vaejovidae). Insecta Mundi, 5: 197-214. Serradigitus allredi, S. polisi, S. yaqui, S. agilis; Vaejovis baueri, V. bechteli, V. littoralis, V. pacificus transferred from Vaejovis to Serradigitus.

Soleglad, Michael E. 1972. Two new scorpions of the genus Paruroctonus from southern California (Scorpionida: Vejovidae). Wasmann J. Biol., 30(1,2): 71-84. Paruroctonus (Smeringurus) aridus, P. (Sm.) immanis (= P. vachoni immanis).

Soleglad, Michael E. 1972. Two new scorpions of the Wupatkiensis group of the genus Vejovis (Scorpionida: Vejovidae). Wasmann J. Biol., 30(1,2): 179-195. Vejovis (Serradigitus) subtilimanus, Vejovis (Serradigitus) joshuaensis.

Soleglad, Michael E. 1973. Scorpions of the Mexicanus group of the genus Vejovis (Scorpionida, Vejovidae). Wasmann J. Biol., 31(2): 351-372. Vejovis paysonensis.

Stahnke, Herbert L. 1939. The scorpions of Arizona. Ph.D. dissertation, Iowa State College (unpublished).

Stahnke, Herbert L. 1940. The scorpions of Arizona. Iowa State Coll. J. Sci., 15: 101-103. Centruroides gertschi (= C. sculpturatus = C. exilicauda), Superstitionia donensis, Hadrurus spadix, Vejovis jonesi, V. lapidicola, V. (Serradigitus) wupatkiensis, V. vorhiesi, V. confusus, V. aquilonalis (= Paruroctonus boreus, P. utahensis, in part).

Stahnke, Herbert L. 1949. Diplops desertorum a scorpion synonym. Ent. News, 60(9): 243. Superstitionia donensis.

Stahnke, Herbert L. 1957. A new species of scorpion of the Vejovidae Paruroctonus mesaensis. Ent. News, 68(10): 253-259. Currently Smeringurus mesaensis.

Stahnke, Herbert L. 1961. A new species of scorpion of the Vejovidae Paruroctonus vachoni. Ent. News, 72(8): 206-212. Currently Smeringurus vachoni vachoni.

Stahnke, Herbert L. 1967. Diplocentrus bigbendensis, a new species of scorpion. Ent. News., 78: 173-179. (= D. whitei).

Stahnke, Herbert L. 1970. Diplocentrus spitzeri sp. n., a new Arizona species of scorpion. Ent. News., 81: 25-32.

Stahnke, Herbert L. 1974. Revision and keys to the higher categories of Vejovidae (Scorpionida). J. Arachnol., 1: 107-141. Pseudouroctonus, Serradigitus, and Vejovoidus, new genera.

Stahnke, Herbert L. and Michele Calos. 1977. A key to the species of the genus Centruroides Marx (Scorpionida: Buthidae). Ent. News., 88(5, 6): 111-120.

Stockwell, Scott A. 1986. The scorpions of Texas (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Master's thesis, Texas Tech Universtiy (unpublished).

Stockwell, Scott A. 1989. Phylogenetic revision of the Scorpionida. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California -- Berkeley (unpublished).

Stockwell, Scott A. 1992. North American Scorpion Genera and Families. (listing needs revision). Smeringurus raised from subgenus to genus, Pseudouroctonus “reinstated”, and enlarged to include minimus group of Vaejovis and many of the Uroctonus species of Gertsch & Soleglad, 1972.

Stockwell, Scott A. and Herbert W. Levi. 1989. Case 2637: Buthus vittatus (currently Centruroides vittatus; Arachnida, Scorpionida): proposed recognition of Wood (1863) as author of the specific name and designation of a neotype, and Centrurus hentzi (currently Centruroides hentzi) Banks, 1904: proposed conservation of the specific name. Bull. Zool. Nomen., 46(4): 233-235.

Stockwell, Scott A. and Jan A. Nilsson. 1987. A new species of Diplocentrus Peters from Texas (Scorpiones, Diplocentridae). J. Arachnol., 15: 151-156. Diplocentrus diablo. D. bigbendensis = D. whitei.

Williams, Stanley C. 1968a. Two new scorpions from western North America (Scorpionida: Vejovidae). Pan-Pac. Ent., 44(4): 313-321. Vejovis (Paruroctonus) utahensis, Vejovis (Serradigitus) gertschi.

Williams, Stanley C. 1968b. Scorpions from northern Mexico: Five new species of Vejovis from Coahuila, Mexico. Occas. Pap. Cal. Acad. Sci., 68: 1-24. Vejovis coahuilae, Vejovis pallidus (= Paruroctonus gracilior), V. gilvus (= V. globosus), V. cazieri, V. minckleyi.

Williams, Stanley C. 1970a. Scorpion fauna of Baja California, Mexico: Eleven new species of Vejovis (Scorpionida: Vejovidae). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 37(8): 275-332. Vejovis (Paruroctonus) grandis, V. (Serradigitus) harbisoni, V. minutis, V. vittatus, V. pumilis, V. schwenkmeyeri (= V. puritanus, V. terradomus), V. diazi, V. hoffmanni, V. bruneus, V. insularis, V. gravicaudus.

Williams, Stanley C. 1970b. New scorpions belonging to the Eusthenura group of Vejovis from Baja California, Mexico (Scorpionida: Vejovidae). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 37(12): 395-418. Vejovis waeringi, V. coloradensis (= V. waeringi), V. terradomus (= V. puritanus), V. galbus, V. viscainensis, V. hoffmanni fuscus, V. diazi transmontanus.

Williams, Stanley C. 1970c. A systematic revision of the giant hairy-scorpion genus Hadrurus (Scorpionida: Vejovidae). Occas. Pap. Cal. Acad. Sci., 87: 1-62. Hadrurus obscurus, H. arizonensis pallidus, H. arizonensis austrinus.

Williams, Stanley C. 1970d. Three new species of Vejovis from Death Valley, California (Scorpionida: Vejovidae). Pan-Pac. Entomol., 46: 1-11. Vejovis (Paruroctonus) shulovi, Vejovis (Serradigitus) deserticola, V. (S.) gramenestris.

Williams, Stanley C. 1971. New and little known scorpions belonging to the Punctipalpi Group of the genus Vaejovis from Baja California, Mexico, and adjacent areas (Scorpionida: Vaejovidae). Wasmann J. Biol., 29(1):37-63. V. punctipalpi barbatus, V. punctipalpi cerralvensis, V. magdalensis, V. bruneus villosus, V. bruneus loretoensis, V. sonorae, V. russelli.

Williams, Stanley C. 1972. Four new scorpion species belonging to the genus Paruroctonus (Scorpionida: Vaejovidae). Occas. Pap. Cal. Acad. Sci., 94: 1-16. Paruroctonus arnaudi, P. bajae, P. borregoensis, P. ventosus.

Williams, Stanley C. 1976. The scorpion fauna of California. Bull. Soc. Vector Ecol., 3: 1-4.

Williams, Stanley C. 1980. Scorpions of Baja California, Mexico, and adjacent islands. Occas. Pap. Cal. Acad. Sci., 135: 1-127. Paravaejovis, Paruroctonus surensis Wms & Haradon, Vaejovis pattersoni Wms & Haradon, V. (Serradigitus) adcocki, V. (Serradigitus) armadentis, V. (S.) bechteli, V. (S.) dweyeri, V. (S.) giganteus, V. (S.) haradoni, V. (S.) hearnei, V. janssi, V. (S.) littoralis, V. (S.) pacificus, V. peninsularis.

Williams, Stanley C. 1986. A new species of Uroctonus from the Sierra Nevada of California (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae). Pan-Pac. Ent., 62(4): 359-362. Uroctonus franckei.

Williams, Stanley C. 1987. A new species of Paruroctonus from coastal California (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae). Pan-Pac. Ent., 63(4): 329-332. Paruroctonus maritimus.

Williams, Stanley C. 1987. Lectotype designations and redescrition of Vejovis wupatkiensis Stahnke (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae). Pan-Pac. Ent., 63(4): 363-367.

Williams, Stanley C. and Warren E. Savary. 1991. Uroctonites, a new genus of scorpion from western North America (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae). Pan-Pac. Entom., 67(4): 272-287. Uroctonites giulianii; Uroctonus huachuca, montereus, and sequoia transferred from Vaejovis to Uroctonites.

Williams, Stanley C. and Bennett T. Berke. 1986. A new species of Serradigitus from central California (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae). Pan-Pac. Ent., 62(4): 350-354. Serradigitus torridus.

Williams, Stanley C. and Neil F. Hadley. 1967. Scorpions of the Puerto Peñasco area (Cholla Bay), Sonora, Mexico, with description of Vejovis baergi, new species. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 35(5): 103-116. Vejovis (Paruroctonus) baergi.