Carrizo Comecrudo Tribes of Texas
- Carrizo/Comecrudo Identity
- Attainable Historical Data
- The Dependency Factor
- The Ongoing Genocide
The Carrizo/Comecrudo people lived along the South Texas Rio Grande delta.
Regardless of the lack of culture and tribal understanding, of written historical data,
The so called dependency factor, apparent genocide and Christian conversion, the
Carrizo/Comecrudo still survived the occupation of their homelands and spiritual souls.
The Carrizo/Comecrudo have hidden well in the pages of history, as they have
Hidden in present day society. If, the hiding was for preservation of survival, poor
information gathering by early Europeans, lack of interest in a less aggressive tribe, or
poor anthropological interest, or the Christian perspective of peyote, nevertheless,
this little written about nation manages to leave historical trails. Today, in the verge
of new awakening, the Carrizo/Comecrudo bring others to their existence, which never
faded, just remained hidden.
The earliest documentation found is on the Comecrudo:
"In Escandon's account of his reconnaissance of 1747 (Escandon 1946, 61;
Vedoia 1749, 155-156; Saldivar 1943, 34-35). Escandon's main source of
information on Indians (Salinas' word) of the Rio Grande delta came from
a Comecrudo leader, Capitan Santiago, who was clearly the acknowledged
leader of other Indian groups of the area. Capitan Santiago summoned other
Indians (Salinas' socialization) by use of smoke signals, and some two
hundred Indian families came to the locality of Escandon's camp, which
seems to have been somewhere near modern Matamoros. Escandon obtained
from Capitan Santiago the native names of thirty Indian groups said to be living
along the lower Rio Grande, sixteen groups south of the river and fourteen
north of it. The Comecrudos were apparently more numerous than other Indian
(socialized words) groups of the delta area (Rio Grande Delta) and seemed to
have lived very near the Gulf coast of the river.
Although the Comecrudos of the Rio Grande also held that Spanish label, the Comecrudos
of the Rio San Fernando near San Luis Potosi. The Comecrudos label or name was used
rather frequently by the Spanish explorers, to identify the people of the area. The Comecrudos
of the Rio San Fernando did not share the same language as the Comecrudos of the Rio Grande,
but did have similar dialect and culture. The possibility also points to the Comecrudo as being
nomadic. Comecrudo in Spanish means, "Those who eat raw". The label came from the Spanish
explorers' observations of the Comecrudo food being half raw from cooking in animal paunches.
"Carrizos (Spanish for "canes" or "reeds") is a descriptive name that was
applied after 1700 to various widely distributed Indian groups of northeastern
Mexico and Texas, apparently because they lived in houses whose frames
were covered by canes or reeds. As some of the groups called Carrizos were
unrelated, it's not realistic to speak of Carrizos as a specific ethnic unit. Here
treatment is restricted to groups called Carrizos who lived along both sides
of the Rio Grande between Laredo area and the Gulf Coast. One set of the
Carrizos will be referred to as Western Carrizos, the other as Eastern Carrizos.
It is not possible to draw a boundary line between the two sets, but for practical
purposes the division is made about midway between Revilla and Camargo."