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Optional page text here. Civil War Veterans Buried in Baytown,TX

Civil War Veterans Buried in Baytown,TX

Authored by David Smith on 6.30.2001 for the Baytown Genealogical Society Newsletter

Some of them were born in our backyard. Others were born on the other side of the world. Some had a strong hand in shaping our community. Others were known only to a few. Some of them knew the horrors of war first-hand. Others never saw a day of combat.

Yet they all have this in common. Baytown is home to their remains.

Previous attempts have been made to make a listing of the Civil War veterans buried in Baytown. However, all the listings I have seen are either now somewhat dated and / or are admittedly incomplete. It is time for a fresh, comprehensive attempt.

The following material marks only the beginning of this project. I include it here with a twofold purpose in mind: (1) to generate some interest / create some visibility for this project and (2) to make public a bit of the (very!) preliminary findings. Your patience, and assistance, is requested.

At this time, I know of thirty-three men buried in Baytown who I feel confident were Confederate veterans. These men are: William Logan Arthur, Gardner Brown Baker, Jesse S. Brooks, Gorham Tenbrook Brown, S.S. Brown, A.C. Bryant, Silas M. Butler, Seth M. Carey, James Casey, Elijah D. Ellisor, Reuben C. Epperson, Thomas B. Galliard, Ashbel Smith Gillette, Robert D. Haden, Alexander Hale, Thurston T. Hopkins, August L. Ilfrey, Solomon Freeman (“Bud”) Lawrence, W. B. Leavins, Calvin Jones Massey, Austin McLean, Collin McKinney Milam, Sidney B. O'Brien, James Osgood, John T. Parker, James Scott, William C. Scott, Thomas W. Shepherd, Jr., Franklin D. Simmons, John Issac Smith, Thomas Smith Tabb, James W. Tompkins & Charles Green Vickers.

At least three men buried in Baytown were Union veterans: Wilson Hunt (80th Indiana Infantry, Co.D), Asa Morgan (perhaps the 12th Illinois Cavalry although, some records state he served in an Iowa regiment) & Nicholas T. Schilling (who indicated on the 1890 Texas veterans census that he served in the 2nd Maryland Cavalry).

Sixteen more men buried in Baytown are old enough to have served in the Civil War, but I am currently unaware of their military status:
A. J. Atkinson (b.1848; d.1/27/1926), Sween Bergstrom (b. about 1804; d.1862), Franklin A. Busch (b. about 1812; d.1881), Henry Wharton Gillette (b.1848; d.1889), George A. Isenhour (b.1831; d.1914), Joseph Kilgore (b.1849; d.1927), Joseph Lawrence (b.1832; d.1914), F.A. Lott (b.1847; d.1918), W.R. Lyons (b.1846; d.1924), Harrison B. McLean (b.1819; d.1862), William Boyd McLean (b.1846; d.1913), Jno. I. Noriss (b.1850; d.1934), John Rhea (b.1797; d.1864), Emery Rheum (b.?; d.1898), G.C. Sharp (b.1838; d.1925) & P.S. Traverso (b.1846; d.1920).

Seven more men may be included in this preceding group, but I have yet to locate their birth years. These men are: ___ Barkuloo (stone on its side; Cedar Bayou Methodist Cemetery), Abraham Henry Kipps (b.?; d.?), Albert Norton Marvick (b.?; d.1922), Harrison D. Nelson (b.?; d?), Jeremiah Proctor (b. about 1820; d.1890), Edward Rhea (b.?; d.?) & Thomas Wright, Sr. (b.?; d.?).

At least two men buried in Baytown I know to have been old enough to have served, but were not veterans - Andrew Magness Dahlquist (who didn’t immigrate to the United States until the 1870’s) and Henry Flavel Gillette (a cousin of Ashbel Smith).

Two men deserve special notice – J.N. Harmon and Quincy Adams Wooster.

A marker for a J.N. Harmon, yet to be installed and currently resting on the sidewalk at the rear of the Cedar Bayou Methodist Church, indicates that he was a veteran of the 39th Missouri Infantry). I have yet to determine if he was a Confederate or Union man. I know nothing else of this man at this time or when his marker is to be installed.

Quincy Adams Wooster, a man well known in these parts, joined Co.A. of the Fillmore County, Minnesota Volunteer Militia in 1862 (southern Minnesota was the site of great unrest among the Sioux Indians just prior to, and during, the Civil War). Wooster’s grave is the only one I know of in the Cedarcrest cemetery that belongs to a Civil War veteran, his grave having been moved to Cedarcrest due to the subsidence of his original resting-place in the Wooster Cemetery.

Regrettably, at least two men’s graves are apparently incorrectly marked - those of Zachariah Carroll and David A. Wiggins.

Zachariah Carroll (b.1832; d.1878) is buried in the Cedar Bayou Methodist Cemetery. His headstone states he was the husband of “Susan Clark” and his VA marker declares he served as a 1st Sergeant in Co.D of the CSA, 44th Tennessee Infantry. However, the “Z. Carroll” who served in the 44th TN Infantry twice made application for a Confederate pension in the state of Tennessee. This man’s pension applications (s4834 & w1085, both rejected) declare that the “Z. Carroll” who served in the 44th TN lived in Tennessee all his life, was married to a “Mary J. (Knight) Miller and died near Winchester, Tennessee in 1905. Whether or not the Zachariah Carroll who is buried in the Cedar Bayou Methodist cemetery was a veteran or not remains unclear, but what is clear is that he is not the “Z. Carroll” who served in the 44th Tennessee Infantry, CSA.

In the Hill of Rest cemetery immediately north of Robert E. Lee High School, there is the grave of David A. Wiggins (b.1845; d.1908). A VA marker at his grave states that this is the David Wiggins who served as a Private in Co.C of the 15th Texas Cavalry of the Confederate States Army. While there was indeed a “David Wiggins” who served in the 15th Texas Cavalry, CSA, the grave in the Hill of Rest Cemetery is that of “David A. Wiggins,” a man who indicated in the 1890 Texas Veterans Census that he was a veteran of the Union Army, having enlisted in early 1864 and served as a 1st Sergeant in Co.F of the 2nd Louisiana Cavalry. This same David A. Wiggins and his wife, Isabell Alice (b.1844; d.1903), are listed as residents of Harris County, Texas in the Cedar Bayou locale in the 1890 Texas census (sd # 2, ed # 57).

I am reluctant to list the military units represented by these men since I have barely begun this research and have found no small amount of conflicting information. Nevertheless, the highly tentative, incomplete listing of Confederate units which follows may serve as a helpful beginning point for further research and well illustrate the fact that there is much more to the Civil War heritage of Baytown than Co.C of the 2nd Texas Infantry, CSA.

At least four states are represented outside of Texas: Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi and Virginia. From the state of Alabama – 21st AL Inf., Co.F (W.B. Leavins). From the state of Georgia - 26th GA Inf., Co.A (A.C. Bryant). From the state of Mississippi – MS Light Artillery (Madison Light Arty., Richard's Co. – C.J. Massy). And from the state of Virginia - 36th VA Inf., 2nd, Co.B (C. Vickers).

From the state of Texas, all three arms of military service are represented – artillery, cavalry and infantry.

In artillery: 1st TX Heavy Artillery (Sidney O’Brien).

In infantry: - 2nd TX Infantry, Co.C. (Jesse S. Brooks, Robert D. Haden, Sol Lawrence & J.W. Tompkins), 4th TX Infantry, Co.H (John Issac Smith), 13th TX Infantry, Co.F (Austin McLean), 18th TX Infantry [Ochiltree's], Co.C (Silas M. Butler) & 22nd TX Infantry, Co.F (Franklin D. Simmons).

In cavalry: 16th TX Cavalry [Fitzhugh’s], Co.H (Seth Carey), 20th TX Cavalry (William L. Arthur), 21st TX Cavalry, Co.A (Elijah D. Ellisor), 26th TX Cavalry, Co.C,K (Gorham T. Brown & August L. Ilfrey), 35th TX Cavalry [Brown's], Co.C (George T. Rodarmel) & Mann’s Cavalry, Co.B (Reuben C. Epperson).

And some units were mixed units of infantry and cavalry – such as Waul's Texas Legion (Thurston T. Hopkins).

Baytown’s strongest link to the Civil War is not Col. Ashbel Smith, “The Bayland Guards” (Co.C of the 2nd Texas Infantry), the Goose Creek shipbuilding efforts or the childrens’ home for orphans of Confederate veterans. Baytown’s strongest link is found in the lives of the men who came to Baytown as veterans of that war. Shaped by their wartime experiences, they helped shape our community. Here in Baytown, they lived out the end of their lives.

Shiloh. Antietam. Gettysburg. Vicksburg. Cold Harbor. Petersburg. Such battles seem so distant. But the men who fought them are very near. Help me find them and find out about them. They are largely forgotten. Let them be forgotten no more.

Texans in the Civil War
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