THIS DAY IN HISTORY - NOVEMBER AND DECEMBER
NOVEMBER 2: This Day in History
1736 Frontiersman Daniel Boone born.
1755 Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, born.
1795 James Polk, 11th President, born.
1835 2nd Seminole War begins.
1865 Warren G. Harding, 29th President, born.
1889 North and South Dakota became states.
1913 Actor Burt Lancaster born.
1948 Harry Truman elected President in surprise victory over Thomas E. Dewey.
1959 T.V. gameshow "21" exposed for cheating.
1976 Jimmy Carter elected Pesident.
1983 Martin Luther King, Jr., day declared a federal holiday.
NOVEMBER 3: This Day in History
1620 Great Patent granted to Plymouth Colony.
- 1679 Great panic occurs in Europe over the close approach of a comet.
- 1762 Spain acquires Louisiana.
- 1783 Washington orders the Continental Army disbanded.
- 1793 Stephen A. Austin, Texas colonizer, born.
- 1868 1st black elected to Congress (John Menard, Louisiana).
- 1868 Ulysses S. Grant wins presidential election.
- 1888 Jack the Ripper kills last victim.
- 1896 William McKinley defeats William Jennings Bryan for President.
- 1908 William Howard Taft elected 27th President.
- 1917 1st class mail now costs 3 cents.
- 1926 Annie Oakley dies.
- 1936 President Franklin Roosevelt wins landslide over Alfred Landon.
- 1949 Larry Holmes, boxer and businessman, born.
- 1952 Roseanne Barr born.
- 1954 Adam Ant, punk rocker, born.
- 1957 USSR launches Sputnik 2 with a dog (Laika), 1st animal in orbit.
- 1964 Lyndon Baines Johnson soundly defeats Barry Goldwater for President.
- 1979 5 mortally wounded during anti-Ku Klux Klan demonstration in North Carolina.
- 1979 63 Americans taken hostage at U.S. Embassy (Teheran, Iran).
- 1983 Jesse Jackson launches his 1st campaign for the Presidency.
- 1992 Bill Clinton elected U.S. President.
- 1997 California law ends affirmative action.
NOVEMBER 4: This Day in History
- 1492 Christopher Columbus learns of maize (corn) from the Indians of Cuba.
- 1605 Gunpowder Plot; Catholics try to blow up English Parliament; plot uncovered and leader Guy Fawkes hanged.
- 1781 John Hanson elected 1st President of the U.S.
- 1855 Eugene Debs, labor organizer, Socialist presidential candidate, born.
1857 Ida Tarbell, muckraker, born.
- 1873 Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for voting.
- 1885 Will Durant, historian, born.
- 1895 1st U.S. patent granted for auto.
- 1911 Roy Rogers, cowboy/singer, born.
- 1912 Woodrow Wilson beats Theodore Roosevelt and William Taft for the presidency.
- 1913 Vivien Leigh, actress (Gone with the Wind), born.
- 1917 General Pershing and U.S. troops see action on the Western Front for the first time (World War I).
- 1917 Supreme Court decision (Buchanan v. Warley) strikes down Louisiville, KY, ordinance requiring blacks and whites to live in separate areas.
- 1931 Ike Turner, singer, born.
- 1935 Maryland Court of Appeals order University of Maryland to admit a black student (Donald Murray).
- 1935 Parker Brothers launches game of Monopoly.
- 1940 Franklin Roosevelt wins and unprecedented 3rd term.
- 1942 Art Garfunkle, singer/actor, born.
- 1946 John F. Kennedy elected to House of Representatives.
- 1959 AFL announced with 8 teams.
- 1968 Nixon defeats Hubert Humphrey and George Wallace for presidency.
- 1974 Ella Grasso elected 1st women U.S. governor not related to previous governor (CT).
- 1974 Walter E. Washington becomes first elected mayor of Washington D.C.
- 1977 Guy Lombardo, orchestra leader, dies at 75.
- 1979 Al Capp, cartoonist, dies.
- 2004 Barach Obama elected President and Joe Biden Vice President.
NOVEMBER 9: This Day in History
- 1731 African-American writer/surveyor Benjamin Banneker born.
- 1799 Napoleon becomes dictator of France.
- 1898 African-American singer Paul Robeson born.
- 1904 First airplane flight for over 5 minutes.
- 1924 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson elected first woman governor of Texas.
- 1938 "The Night of the Broken Glass" - Jews attacked in Munich.
- 1953 Poet Dylan Thomas dies.
- 1965 The Great Northeast Blackout, the biggest power failure in U.S. history (30 million people affected).
- 1969 Pepa of Salt 'n' Pepa born.
- 1984 Vietnam Veterans Memorial completed.
- 1989 East Germany opened Berlin Wall and bo4rder.
NOVEMBER 10: This Day in History
1483 Martin Luther, founder of Protestantism, born.
- 1775 U.S. Marine Corps established by Congress.
- 1801 Kentucky outlaws dueling.
- 1864 Austrian Archduke Maximilian became emperor of Mexico.
- 1871 Stanley presumes to meet Livingston in Central Africa.
- 1882 Frances Perkins, 1st woman Cabinet member (Secretary of Labor), born.
- 1891 1st Woman's Christian Temperance Union meeting held in Boston.
- 1898 Race riot in Wilmington, NC, (8 blacks killed).
- 1917 41 suffragists are arrested in front of the White House.
- 1928 Hirohito enthroned as Emperor of Japan.
- 1951 1st long distance telephone call without operator assistance.
- 1956 Sinbad, comedian/actor, born.
- 1960 Senate passes landmark Civil Right Bill.
- 1969 "Sesame Street" premieres on PBS TV.
- 1976 Utah Supreme Court OKs execution of convicted murderer Gary Gilmore (Executioners Song).
NOVEMBER 11: This Day in History
1620 41 pilgrims land in Massachusetts, sign Mayflower Compact.
- 1647 Massachusetts passes 1st U.S. compulsory school attendance law.
- 1744 Abigail Adams, second first lady, born.
- 1821 Fyodor Milchailovich Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist, born.
- 1865 Mary Edwar Walker, 1st Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor.
- 1885 George S. Patton, general ("Old Blood and Guts"), born.
- 1889 Washington admitted as the 42nd state.
- 1896 Charles "Lucky" Luciano, mafia gangster, born.
- 1904 Alger Hiss, State Department official and alleged spy, born.
- 1918 Armistice Day - World War I ends at 11 a.m. on Western Front.
- 1921 President Harding dedicates Tomb of Unknown Soldier.
- 1922 Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., author, born.
- 1933 "Great Black Blizzard" - 1st great dust storm in the Great Plains (Dust Bowl).
- 1939 Kate Smith 1st sings Irving Berlin's "God Bless America."
- 1942 During World War II, Germany completes their occupation of France.
- 1962 Demi Moore, actress, born.
- 1969 Jim Morrison arrested on an airplane by the FBI for drunkenness.
- 1974 Leonardo DiCaprio, actor, born.
- Veterans' Day
NOVEMBER 12: This Day in History
- 324 BCE Origin of Era of Alexander
- 1775 General Washington forbids recruiting officers enlisting blacks.
- 1790 Letitia Christian Tyler, 1st wife of President Tyler, born.
- 1815 Elizabeth Cady Stanton, suffragist, born.
- 1859 Jules Leotard performs 1st Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris). He also designed the garment that bears his name.
- 1927 Trotsky expelled from the Soviet Union; Stalin becomes undisputed dictator.
- 1933 1st known photo of Loch Ness monster (or whatever) is taken.
- 1933 1st Sunday football game in Philadelphia (previously illegal).
- 1933 Nazis receive 92% of vote in Germany.
- 1934 Charles Manson, criminal/cult leader, born.
- 1945 Neil Young, singer, born.
- 1954 Ellis Island, immigration station in New York Harbor, closed.
- 1977 New Orleans elects 1st black mayor, Ernest Morial.
- 1991 American Airlines flight 587 crashes in New York killing 265.
NOVEMBER 16: This Day in History
1849 Soviet writer Dostoevsky was sentenced to death.
- 1907 Oklahoma became the 46th state.
- 1917 Federal Reserve System began.
- 1960 Actor Clark Gable dies.
- 1961 Sam Rayburn, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas dies.
- 1962 Wilt Chamberlain of NBA scored 73 points in one game.
- 1967 Actress Lisa Bonet born.
- 1973 Alaska Pipeline authorized.
- 1981 Luke married Laura on "General Hospital."
NOVEMBER 17: This Day in History
1558 Elizabeth I ascends English throne upon death of Queen Mary.
- 1734 John Zenger, arrested for libel against New York's colonial government (later acquitted).
- 1800 Congress held 1st session in Washington D.C.
- 1869 Suez Canal opens (Egypt).
- 1913 Panama Canal opens.
- 1925 Rock Hudson, actor, born.
- 1942 Marin Scorsese, director, born.
- 1973 President Nixon told AP "...people have got to know whether or not their President is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook."
- 1993 U.S. Congress votes for NAFTA.
NOVEMBER 18: This Day in History
1307 William Tell shoots apple off his son's head.
- 1497 Bartolomeu Dias discovers Cape of Good Hope.
- 1805 30 women meet at Mrs. Silas Lee's home in Wiscasset, Maine, to organize Female Charitable Society, the first woman's club in America.
- 1820 U.S. Navy Captain Nathaniel B. Palmer discovers Antarctica.
- 1865 Mark Twain publishes "Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County."
- 1886 Chester A. Arthur (21st President) dies at 56.
- 1894 1st newspaper Sunday color comic section published (NY World).
- 1901 George Gallup, public opinion pollster, born.
- 1913 Lincoln Deachey performs 1st airplane loop-the-loop.
- 1928 Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse debuts in New York in "Steamboat Willie."
- 1949 Jackie Robinson, Brooklyn Dodgers, named NL's MVP.
- 1964 J. Edgar Hoover describes Martin Luther King as "most notorious liar."
- 1969 Joseph P. Kennedy dies at 81.
- 1991 Muslim Shites release hostages Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland.
NOVEMBERR 19: This Day in History
1493 Christopher Columbus discovers Puerto Rico on his 2nd voyage.
- 1752 George Rogers Clark, frontier military leader in the Revolution, born.
- 1831 James A. Garfiels, 20th President, born.
- 1863 Lincoln delivers his address in Gettysburg.
- 1874 William "Boss" Tweed of Tammany Hall (NYC) conveicted of defrauding the city of $6 million, sentenced to 12 years.
- 1887 Emma Lazarus, poet ("Give us your tired and poor"), dies in NY at 38.
- 1905 Tommy Dorsey, orchestra leader, born.
- 1917 Indira Gandhi, Indian Prime Minister, born.
- 1919 U.S. Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles and League of Nations.
- 1921 Roy Campanella, baseball catcher, born.
- 1926 Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, U.S. amboassador to UN, born.
- 1933 Larry King, talk show host, born.
- 1936 Dick Cavett, talk show host, born.
- 1938 Ted Turner, broadcasting mogul, born.
- 1942 Calvin Klein, fashion designer, born.
- 1959 Ford cancels the Edsel.
- 1962 Jodie Foster, actress, born.
- 1969 Apollo 12's Conrad and Bean become 3rd and 4th humans on the Moon.
- 1980 CBS TV bans Calvin Klein's jeans ad featuring Brooke Shields.
- 1985 President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for 1st time.
- Equal Opportunity Day
NOVEMBER 23: This Day in History
1804 Franklin Pierce, 14th President, born.
- 1859 Billy the Kid (William Bonney), criminal, born.
- 1863 Patent granted for a process of making color photographs.
- 1887 Boris Karloff, horror actor, born.
- 1888 Harpo Marx, actor/comedian, born.
- 1899 1st jukebox(San Francisco) begins playing.
- 1903 Enrico Caruso has his U.S. debut at the Metropolitan Opera (NY).
- 1936 1st issue of Life Magazine published.
- 1942 Coast Guard Woman's Auxiliary (SPARS) authorized.
- 1963 JFK's body, lay in repose in the East Room of the White House.
- 1991 Freddie Mercury, lead singer of Queen, dies of AIDS at 46.
NOVEMBER 24: This Day in History
1703 1st Lutheran pastor ordained in America..
- 1784 Zachary Taylor, 12th President, born.
- 1832 South Carolina passes Ordinance of Nullification.
- 1859 Charles Darwin publishes "on the Origin of Species."
- 1864 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter, born.
- 1868 Scott Joplin, creator of ragtime, born.
- 1871 National Rifle Association organized.
- 1874 Joseph F. Glidden patents barbed wire.
- 1888 Dale Carnegie, author (How to Win Friends and Influence People), born.
- 1925 William Buckley, right-wing commentator, born.
- 1946 Ted Bundy, serial murderer, born.
- 1947 Un-American Activities Committee finds "Hollywood 10" in contempt because of their refusal to reveal whether they were communists.
- 1954 1st U.S. Presidential airplane christened.
- 1963 Lee Harvey Oswald is shot dead by Jack Ruby.
- 1971 Dan "DB" Cooper parachutes from a Northwest AL 727 with $200,000.
NOVEMBER 25: This Day in History
- 1715 2st English patent granted to an American for processing corn.
- 1817 1st sword swallower in U.S. performs.
- 1835 Andrew Carnegie, steel industrialist, born.
- 1841 35 Amistad survivors return to Africa.
- 1846 Carrie Nation, scourge of barkeepers and drinkers, born.
- 1867 Alfred Nobel invents dynamite.
- 1884 John B. Meyenberg patents evaporated milk.
- 1894 Greenback Party organizes in Indianapolis.
- 1914 Joe DiMaggio, Yankee Clipper, born.
- 1935 Gloria Steinem, feminist/writer, born.
- 1938 Charles Starkwether, serial murderer, born.
- 1960 John F. Kewnnedy, Jr., son of JFK, forn.
- 1963 JFK laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery.
- 1978 American Airlines DC-10 crashes on takeoff from Chicago, kills 275.
- 1990 Leck Walesa wins in Poland's 1st popular election.
NOVEMBER 30: This Day in History
- 1782 Britain recognized U.S. independence.
- 1836 Samuel Clemons (Mark Twain) born.
- 1874 British leader Winston Churchill born.
- 1900 Writer Oscar Wilde dies.
- 1924 Shirley Chisolm, first African-Aerican female Congress member, born.
- 1930 G. Gordon Liddy, Watergate participant/conservative talk show host, born.
- 1936 Radical activist Abbie Hoffman born.
- 1939 The USSR attacked Finland.
- 1954 June Pointer of the Pointer Sisters born.
- 1954 Alabama woman was struck by meteorite.
- 1955 Rocker Billy Idol born.
- 1991 93 car, 11 truck accident in Sanfrancisco killed 17.
- 1993 Brady Bill signed into law requiring 5-day waiting period to buy guns.
- 1996 Singer Tiny Tim died.
DECEMBER 1: This Day in History
1804 Emperor Napoleon marries Josephine.
- 1824 House of Representatives begins to end election deadlock between John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William Crawford, and Henry Clay - Adams eventually won.
- 1835 Hans Christian Andersen published his first book of fairy tales.
- 1878 First White House telephone installed.
- 1891 James Naismith creates the game of basketball.
- 1896 First certified public accountants receive certificates (NY).
- 1903 "The Great Train Robbery," the first western firlm, released.
- 1913 First drive-up gasoline station opens (Pittsburgh).
- 1913 Continuous moving assembly line introduced by Ford.
- 1917 Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan.
- 1919 Lady Nancy Astor sworn-in as 1st female member of British Parliament.
- 1921 1st U.S. helium-filled dirigible makes 1st flight.
- 1922 1st skywriting over the U.S. - "Hello USA" - by Captain Turner, RAF.
- 1929 Game of BINGO invented by Edwin S. Lowe.
- 1935 Woody Allen, actor/director, born.
- 1941 Japanese emperor Hirohito signs declaration of war.
- 1942 Gasoline rationed in U.S.
- 1943 Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin agree to D-Day operation.
- 1945 Bette Midler, actress/singer, born.
- 1955 Rosa Parks arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bus.
- 1957 Sam Cooke and Buddy Holly and Crickets debut on Ed Sullivan Show.
- 1959 The 1st color photograph of Earth received from outer space.
- 1969 U.S. government holds its first draft lottery since World War II.
- 1978 President Carter more than doubles national park system size.
- 1982 Michael Jackson releases "Thriller."
- 1987 Digging begins to link England and France under the English Channel.
- 1988 Benazir Bhutto named 1st female Prime Minister of a Moslem country (Pakistan).
- 1990 British and French workers meet in English Channel's tunnel (Chunnel).
- 1992 Amy Fisher sentenced 3-15 years for shooting Mary Jo Buttafuoco.
- 1994 Ernesto Zedillo inaugurated as President of Mexico.
DECEMBER 2: This Day in History
1804 Napoleon Bonaparte crowned 1st emperor of France in Paris by Pope Pius VII.
- 1812 James Madison re-elected President of US.
- 1814 Marquis de Sade, writer, dies at 74.
- 1816 1st savings bank in US opens (Philadelphia Savings Fund Society).
- 1823 President James Monroe declares his "Monroe Doctrine."
- 1840 William H. Harrison elected President of US.
- 1859 John Brown, radical abolitionist, hanged in Charles Town WV at 59.
- 1901 King Camp Gillette begins selling safety razor blades.
- 1927 1st Model A Fords sold for $385.
- 1929 1st skull of Peking man found.
- 1932 "Adventures of Charlie Chan" 1st heard on NBC radio.
- 1933 Fred Astaire's 1st film, "Dancing Lady," is released.
- 1939 New York's La Guardia Airport begins operations.
- 1941 Yamamoto sends his flet to Pearl Harbor.
- 1942 1st controlled nuclear chain reaction.
- 1952 1st human birth televised to public.
- 1954 US Senate censures Joe McCartthy for "conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute."
- 1957 Sam Cooke's "You Send Me" reaches #1.
- 1961 Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist and will lead Cuba to Communism.
- 1970 Environmental Protection Agency begins.
- 1980 4 American Maryknoll nuns killed by death squads in El Salvador.
- 1982 1st permanent artifical heart successfully implanted in Barney Clark who lived 112 days.
- 1986 Desi Arnaz, actor, dies of lung cancer at 69.
- 1994 Jury finds Heidi Fleiss guilty of running a call girl ring.
DECEMBER 3: This Day in History
1621 Galileo perfects the telescope.
- 1775 1st official U.S. flag raising aboard naval vessel Alfred.
- 1818 Illinois admitted as 21st state.
- 1828 Andrew Jackson elected 7th President of the U.S.
- 1833 Oberlin College in Ohio, 1st truly coeducational college, opens.
- 1847 Frederick Douglass published first issue of his newspaper "north Star."
- 1968 Trial of Jefferson Davis, Confederate President, begins.
- 1910 Neon lights first publically seen (Paris Auto Show).
- 1910 Mary Baker Eddy, founder of Christian Science, dies.
- 1931 Alka Seltzer goes on sale.
- 1948 1st U.S. woman army officer not in medical corps sworn-in.
- 1948 Ozzy Osbourne, rock vocalist, born.
- 1949 KRLD (now KDFW) TV channel 4 in Dallas-Fort Worth begins.
- 1962 Edith Spurlock Sampson sworn-in as lst U.S. black female judge.
- 1964 Police arrest 800 protesting students at University of California at Berkeley.
- 1967 1st human heart transplant performed (Dr. Christiaan Barnard, South Africa).
- 1979 11 trampled to death at Cincinnati Who concert.
- 1992 UN Security Council votes unanimously for US led forces to enter Somalia.
- Heart Transplant Day.
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