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THIS DAY IN HISTORY - OCTOBER
OCTOBER 1: This Day in History
2016 BCE Origin of Era of Abraham
- 331 BCE Alexander the Great of Macedon defeats Persian army at Gaugamela.
- 1800 Spain cedes Louisiana to France.
- 1890 Yosemite Nstional Park established.
- 1908 Henry Ford introduces the Model T car (costs $825).
- 1924 Jimmy Earl Carter, D-39th President, born.
- 1937 Pullman Co. recognizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.
- 1951 1st treaty signed by woman ambassador - Eugenie Anderson.
- 1955 "Honeymooners" premieres.
- 1958 Inauguration of NASA.
- 1968 "Night of the Living Dead" premieres in Pittsburgh.
- 1971 Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida, opens.
- 1989 Dallas Cowboy, Ed "Too Tall" Jones, records his 1,000th NFL tackle.
- 1989 Thousands of East Germans flee to West Germany.
- 1990 President Bush at the UN, condemns Iraq's takeover of Kuwait.
OCTOBER 5: This Day in History
1763 Jonathan Edwards, Puritan theologian, born.
- 1813 Tecumseh, American Indian leader, defeated.
- 1877 Chief Joseph of Nez Perce Indians surrendered.
- 1892 Last Dalton Gang robbery
- 1902 Ray Kroc, "Father of McDonald's" born.
- 1962 Beatles released first record, "Love Me Do."
- 1970 PBS became a network.
- 1976 UAW won three week strike at Ford Motor Co.
- 1986 Iran-Contra scandal revealed.
- 1989 The Dalai Lama won the Nobel Peace Prize.
October 6: This Day in History
1866 1st train robbery in the U.S.
- 1876 American Library Association organized in Philadelphia.
- 1889 Thomas Edison shows his 1st motion picture.
- 1890 Mormon Church outlaws polygamy.
- 1927 "Jazz Singer," 1st film with a sound trace, premieres
- 1939 Hitler announces he has no intention of war with Britain and France.
- 1949 Iva Toguri D'Aquino (Tokyo Rose) sentenced to 10 years and $10,000 fine.
- 1967 Haight-Ashbury hippies throw a funeral to mark the end of hippies.
- 1976 President Ford says there is "no Soviet dominationn in Eastern Europe."
- 1981 Anwar Sadat assassinated.
- 1989 Bette Davis, actress, dies.
- 1991 Elizabeth Taylor weds for the eighth time.
- 1996 Bob Dole and Bill Clinton meet for their first presidential debate.
OCTOBER 7: This Day in History
1765 The Stamp Act Congress convenes in New York.
- 1849 Edgar Allen Poe, poet/author, dies at 40.
- 1868 Cornell University opens.
- 1879 Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary leader/writer, born.
- 1931 Desmond Tutu, Anglican Archbishop of South Africa, born.
- 1938 Germany demands all Jewish passports stamped with the letter J.
- 1950 U.S. forces invade North Korea by crossing the 38th parallel
- 1955 Yo-Yo Ma, cellist, born.
- 1957 "American Bandstand" premieres.
- 1968 Motion Picture Association of America adopts film rating system.
- 1985 Lynette Woodward chosen as first woman on the Harlem Globetrotters.
- 1988 Robin Givens files for divorce after 8-month marriage to Mike Tyson.
OCTOBER 8: This Day in History
1775 Officers decide to bar slaves and free blacks from the Continental Army.
- 1869 Franklin Pierce, 14th President, dies.
- 1871 Great Fire kills 200, destroys much of Chicago including the orginal Emancipation Proclamation.
- 1890 Eddie Rickenbacker, aviator "Ace of Aces" (World War I), born.
- 1896 Dow Jones starts reporting an average of industrial stocks.
- 1906 Karl Nessler demonstrates 1st "permanent wave" for hair in London.
- 1918 Sgt. Alvin York single-handedly kills 25, captures 132 Germans (World War I).
- 1934 Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for the murder of Charles Lindbergh's baby.
- 1939 Germany annexes Western Poland.
- 1941 Jesse Jackson, clergyman/presidential candidate, born.
- 1943 Chevy Chase, comedian/actor, born.
- 1949 Sigourney Weaver, actress, born.
- 1971 John Lennon releases his megahit "Imagine."
- 1985 Leon Klinghoffer dies after hijackers of the Achille Lauro throw him off the boat.
- 1998 House of Representatives approve impeachment inquiry of President Clinton.
- 2003 Arnold Schwarzenegger elected governor of California.
- 2006 Marion Jones gives up 5 Olympic gold medals after admitting to use of performance-enhancing drugs.
October 11 is Eleanor Roosevelt Day.
OCTOBER 12: This Day in History
1492 Columbus reaches the New World.
- 1609 "Three Blind Mice" published in England.
- 1692 Salem Witch Trials ended.
- 1792 Columbus Day first celebrated.
- 1810 Oktoberfest gegins in Bavaria.
- 1850 First women's medical school opened.
- 1870 General Robert E. Lee dies.
- 1871 President Grant condemned the Ku Klux Klan.
- 1886 Hurricane killed 250 in Indianola, Texas.
- 1901 President Theodore Roosevelt changed name of "Executive Mansion" to "White House."
- 1932 Dick Gregory, comedian/activist, born.
- 1933 Alcatraz became a federal prison.
- 1978 Sid Vicious was charged with the murder of his girlfriend.
- 1992 Howard Stern radio gragram premiered.
- 1998 - Matthew Shepard died as resuylt of anti-gay attack.
- 2000 U.S.S. Cole attacked by terrorists, 17 killed.
- 2002 Terrorists killed 202 in attack in Bali.
- Columbus Day
OCTOBER 13: This Day in History
54 Claudius, Roman Emperor, dies.
- 1792 Washington lays cornerstone of the Executive Mansion (White House).
- 1845 Texas ratifies a state constitution.
- 1853 Lillie Langtry, actress, born.
- 1920 Nipsey Russell, comedian, born.
- 1925 Lenny Bruce, comedian, born.
- 1925 Margaret Thatcher, British Prime Minister, born.
- 1959 Marie Osmond, singer/actress, born.
- 1963 "Beatlemania" is coined after the Beatles appear at the Palladium.
- 1970 Angela Davis, African-American activist, arrested.
- 1974 Ed Sullivan, TV host, died.
- 1987 First military use of trained dolphins (US Navy in Persian Gulf).
- 1989 Dow Jones down 190.58 points.
OCTOBER 14: This Day in History
1664 William Penn, English Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania, born.
- 1834 First black to obtain a U.S. patent, Henry Blair, for a corn planter.
- 1884 George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film.
- 1890 Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th President, born.
- 1894 e.e. cummings, poet, born.
- 1896 Lillian Gish, Actress, born.
- 1912 Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt is shot while campaigning in Milwaukee.
- 1916 C. Everett Koop, surgeon general, born.
- 1940 Cliff Richards, rocker, born.
- 1959 Errol Flynn, actor, dies.
- 1977 Bing Crosby, singer/actor, dies.
- 1980 Bob Marley's last concert held.
- 1986 Concentration camp survivor Elie Wiesel wins Nobel Peace Prize.
- 1987 In Midland, Texas, one-year-old Jessica McClure falls down a well.
- 1990 Leonard Bernstein, composer, dies.
- 1996 Dow-Jones closes over 6,000 for the first time.
OCTOBER 15: This Day in History
- 1831 Helen Hunt Jackson, author of Ramona and Century of Dishonor, born.
- 1844 Friedrich Nietzsche, philosopher, born.
- 1878 Edison Electric Light Company incorporated.
- 1883 Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional.
- 1914 ASCAP (American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) is founded.
- 1917 Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., historian/author, born.
- 1917 Mata Hari, Dutch dancer/German spy, executed by firing squad in Paris.
- 1924 Lee A. Iacocca, Chrysler CEO, born.
- 1941 Jews caught outside the Polish Ghetto walls could be put to death.
- 1946 Hermann Goering, Nazi leader, poisons himself in prison.
- 1949 Billy Graham begins his ministry.
- 1951 "I Love Lucy" debuts on CBS TV.
- 1953 Tito Jackson, singer, born.
- 1964 Cole Porter, composer, dies.
- 1969 Vietnam Moratorium Day; millions nationwide protest the war.
- 1974 National Guard mobilizes to restore order in Boston due to school busing.
- 1976 1st debate of major-ticket Vice Presidential nominees (Mondale [D)]and Dole [R].
- 1991 Clarence Thomas is confirmed as Supreme Court Justice, 52-48.
OCTOBER 19: This Day in History
1745 Jonathan Swift, writer, dies.
- 1781 American victory at Yorktown ended the American Revolution.
- 1812 Napoleon began retreat from Moscow.
- 1849 Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman U.S. doctor.
- 1870 Four African-Americans elected to House of Reps.
- 1879 Thomas Edison demonstrated the electric light bulb.
- 1960 Martin Luther King, Jr., arrested at Atlanta sit-in.
- 1963 Beatles recorded "I Want to Hold Your Hand."
- 1967 Amy Carter Pres Carter's daughter/peace activist born.
- 1987 "Black Monday" - Dow-Jones down 508.32, 4 times previous record.
- 2000 Saddam Hussein's trial begins in Iraq.
OCTOBER 20: This Day in History
1803 U.S. Senate ratifies the Lousiana Purchase.
- 1818 U.S. and Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country.
- 1859 John Dewey, philosopher, educational theorist/writer, born.
- 1931 Mickey Mantele, New York Yankee home run slugger, born.
- 1944 30 blocks of Cleveland burn after a liquid gas factory explodes.
- 1944 U.S. forces under General Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines.
- 1947 The House Un-American Activities Committee opens hearings into alleged Communist influence in Hollywood.
- 1953 Tom Petty, singer, born.
- 1963 South Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela and 8 others on conspiracy.
- 1964 Herbert Hoover, 31st president of the U.S., dies in New York at 90.
- 1967 All white federal jury convicts 7 n murder of 3 civil rights workers in Mississippi.
- 1968 Jacqueline Kennedy marries Aristotle Onassis.
- 1973 OPEC oil embargo begins.
- 1973 Saturday Night Massacre - Watergate prosecutor Archibald Cox dismissed.
- 1977 3 members of rock group Lynyrd Skynyrd die in charter plane crash.
- 1987 Subway gunman Bernhard Goetz sentenced to 6 months in jail.
- 1990 3 members of 2 Live Crew acquitted on abscenity charges in Florida.
- 1990 Antiwar protest marches begin in 20 U.S. cities (US vs. Iraq).
- 1997 U.S. accuses Microsoft of violating pact forcing brower on computers.
OCTOBER 21: This Day in History
1520 Magellan entered the strait which bears his name.
- 1772 Samuel Taylor Coleridge, boet, born.
- 1831 Nat Turner and 19 associates hanged for slave uprising.
- 1917 Dizzy Gillespie, trumpeter, a creator of modern jazz, born.
- 1945 Women in France allowed to vote for the first time.
- 1950 Chinese forces occupy Tibet.
- 1956 Carrie Fisher, actress, born.
- 1959 Guggenheim Museumdesigned by Frank Lloyd Wright, opens in New York City.
- 1960 JFK and Nixon clashed in 4th and final presidential debate.
- 1987 Senate debate begins rejecting Robert Bork's Supreme Court namination.
OCTOBER 22: This Day in History
- 1746 Princeton University received its charter
- 1811 Franz Liszt composer/;pianist, born.
- 1836 Sam Houston inaugurated as 1st elected president of the Republic of Texas.
- 1845 Sarah Bernhardt, silent film actress, born.
- 1920 Timothy Leary, Harvard professor and LSD taker, born.
- 1938 1st Xerox copy made.
- 1942 Annette Funicello, actress Mickey Mouse Club, born.
- 1962 JFK imposes naval blockade on Cuba, beginning missile crisis.
- 1979 Deposed Shah of Iran arrives in New Yoirk for medical treatment that will lead to the Hostage Crisis.
- U.S. national debt tops $1 trillion.
OCTOBER 26: This Day in History
1825 Erie Canal opened.
- 1879 Leon Trotsky, first President of the Soviet Union, born.
- 1881 The Shootout at OK Corral occurred in Tombstone, Arizona.
- 1911 Gospel singer Mahalia Jackson born.
- 1916 Margaret Sanger was arrested for obscentiy due to advocating birth control.
- 1946 Pat Sajak, TV host, born.
- 1947 Hillary Rodham Clinton, born.
- 1949 Minimum wage raised for 40 to 75 cents an hour.
- 1970 "Doonesbury" debuted.
- 1984 Baby Fae given baboon hear; she lived 21 days.
OCTOBER 27: This Day in History
1775 U.S. Navy established.
- 1787 Federalist letters start appearing in newspapers.
- 1795 Treaty of San Lorenzo (Pinckney) with Spain provides free navigation of Mississippi.
- 1810 U.S. annexes West Florida from Spain.
- 1858 Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President, born.
- 1871 Boss Tweed, Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after New York Times exposed his corruption.
- 1872 Emily Post, authority on social behavior, born.
- 1904 World's first subway, the IRT, opens in Yew York City; fare is set at one nickel.
- 1914 Dylan Thomas, poet, born.
- 1916 1st published reference to "jazz" appears in Variety Magazine.
- 1923 Ruby Dee, actress, born.
- 1925 Water skis patented by Fred Waller.
- 1932 Sylvia Plath, poet, born.
- 1938 DuPont announces it new synthetic fiber will be called nylon.
- 1939 John Cleese, comedian/actor, born.
- 1954 B. O. Davis, Jr., becomes first black general in the USAF.
- 1954 Walt Disney's 1st TV show, "Disneyland," premieres.
- 1969 Ralph Nader sets up a consumer organization known as Nader's Raiders.
- 1971 Republic of the Congo becomes Republic of Zaire.
- 1978 Begin and Sadat win the Nobel Peace Prize.
- 1979 Voluntary Euthanasia Society publishes how-to-do-it suicide guide.
- 1990 Xavier Cugat, bandleader, dies at 90.
- 1997 Dow-Jones drops 554 points to 7161.
- Navy Day
OCTOBER 28: This Day in History
900 Alfred the Great, English monarch, dies.
- 1492 Christopher Columbus lands on Cuba.
- 1636 Harvard University established.
- 1793 Eli Whitney applies for a patent on the cotton gin.
- 1886 Statue of Liberty dedicated by President Grover Cleveland; it is celebrated by the first confetti (ticker tape) parade in NYC.
- 1904 St. Louis police try a new investigation method: fingerprints.
- 1914 Dr. Jonas Salk, created polio vaccine, born.
- 1919 Volstead Act passed by Congress, starts prohibition over President Wilson's veto.
- 1922 Benito Mussolini takes control of Italy's government.
- 1962 Khrushchev orders withdrawal of missiles from Cuba, ending crisis.
- 1965 Gateway Arch completed in St. Louis, Missouri.
OCTOBER 29: This Day in History
- 539 BCE Babylon falls to Cyrus the Great of Persia.
1618 Sir Walter Raleigh is executed in London.
- 1682 William Penn lands in what will become Pennsylvania.
- 1884 Bela Lugosi, horror actor, born.
- 1891 Fanny Brice, singing comedienne, born.
- 1897 Paul Joseph Goebbels, Nazi propagandist, born.
- 1929 "Black Tuesday," Stock Marchet crashes and triggers the Great Depression.
- 1942 Alaska Highway completed.
- 1945 1st fall point pen goes on sale, 57 years after it was patented.
- 1956 Chet Huntley and David Brinkley, NBC News, team up.
- 1960 Muhammad Ali's 1st professional fight, beats Tunney Hunsaker in 6.
- 1961 Randy Jackson, rocker, born.
- 1966 National Organization of Women founded.
- 1971 Winona Ryder, actress, born.
- 1998 John Glenn returns to space at age 79.
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