This Day in History - September
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THIS DAY IN HISTORY
AUGUST 24: This Day in History
- 79 Vesuvius erupts devastating the prosperous Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
- 410 Rome overrun by Visigoths, symbolized fall of Western Roman Empire,
- 1682 Duke James of York gives Delaware to William Penn.
- 1814 British capture and burn Washington.
- 1821 Spain accepts Mexican independence.
- 1847 Charlotte Bronte finishes manuscript of "Jane Eyre."
- 1853 First potato chips prepared by Chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs, NY).
- 1869 Waffle iron invented.
- 1891 Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera.
- 1932 First transcontinental non-stop flight by a woman, Amelia Earhart.
- 1936 President Franklin Roosevelt gives FBI authority to pursue fascists and communists.
- 1938 Clark Gable signs on as Rhett Butler.
- 1939 Germany and USSR sign 10-year non-aggression pact.
- 1949 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) established.
- 1954 Communist Control Act passed at height of McCarthyism.
- 1981 Mark David Chapman is sentenced to 20 years to life for John Lennon's murder.
- 1989 Pete Rose, baseball's all-time hits leader, was out of baseball (banned for life).
- 1991 The day the Soviet Union began to break apart, and Mikhairl Gorbachev resigned as head of the Communist party.
- 1992 Hurricane Andrew hit southern Florida, killing at least 20 and leaving 50,000 homeless.
- 2006 Pluto demoted from planet to dwarf planet.
- 2008 Summer Olympics end in Beijing.
AUGUST 25: This Day in History
- 1530 Ivan IV (the Terrible) 1st tsar of Russia born.
- 1718 Hundreds of French colonists arrive in Louisiana; New Orleans founded.
- 1789 Mary Ball Washington, mother of George, dies.
- 1819 Allan Pinkerton founded Chicago detective agency born.
- 1835 The Great Moon Hoax: on this day in 1835, the first in a series of six articles announcing the supposed discovery of life on the moon appears in the New York Sun.
- 1900 Friedrich Nietzsche, philosopher, dies in Weimar, Germany.
- 1910 Yellow Cab Company is born.
- 1915 Hurrican kills 275 in Galveston, Texas, with $50 million in damage.
- 1916 National Park Service established in the Dept. of the Interior.
- 1919 George C. Wallace (D-gov-Ala) presidential candidate born
- 1920 1st U.S. woman to win in Olympics (Etyhelda Bleibtrey, swimmer).
- 1921 U.S. signs peace treaty with Germany.
- 1925 Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters organizes (Harlem, NY).
- 1944 Paris liberated from Nazi occupation.
- 1949 Gene Simmons, Queens, NY, rocker (KISS) born.
- 1954 Elvis Costello born.
- 1984 Truman Capote author (In Cold Blood), dies.
- 1988 Price Daniel (Gov/Sen-D-Texas), dies at 77.
- 1991 Carl Lewis runs 100m in 9.86 seconds.
- 2009 Senator Edward Kennedy dies.
AUGUST 26: This Day in History
- 55 BCE Roman forces under Julius Caesar invade Britain.
- 1791 John Fitch gets U.S. patent for his working steamboat.
- 1825 The first social fraterniety was formed in the U.S.
- 1874 16 blacks lynched in Tennessee.
- 1888 T. S. Eliot born.
- 1907 Houdini escapes from chains underwater in 57 seconds.
- 1920 19th Amendment adopted.
- 1939 First televised Major League baseball game
- 1964 Lyndon Baines Johnson nominated at Democratic convention in Atlantic City, NJ
- 1968 Democratic convention in Chicago besieged by protestors and police.
- 1973 University of Texas at Arlington becomes first accredited school to offer belly dancing.
- 1973 Rose Mary Woods admited she accidentally erased over eighteen minutes of Watergate tapes.
- 1974 Charles Lindbergh dies.
- 1975 Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, Manson-family devotee, was found guilty of trying to assassinate President Gerald Ford.
- 1981 Macauley Culkin, actor, born.
- Women's Equality Day; Susan B. Anthony Day
AUGUST 27: This Day in History
- 1667 Earliest recorded hurricane in U.S. (Jamestown, Va.).
- 1722 Samuel Adams, revolutionary and brewer, born.
- 1883 Krakatau explodes, the most powerful volcanic eruption in recorded history.
- 1859 1st successful oil well drilled near Titusville, PA.
- 1908 Lyndon Baines Johnson, 36th U.S. President, born.
- 1910 Mother Teresa, Nobel Peace Prize winner, born.
- 1912 Edgar Rice Burroughs publishes Tarzan.
- 1945 U.S. troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender.
- 1963 W. E. B. DuBois dies in Ghana.
- 1975 Haile Selassie, Ethiopiean emperor, dies.
- 1990 Stevie Ray Vaughn, blues guitarist from Dallas, dies in a helicopter crash at 35.
AUGUST 31: This Day in History
- 1589 King Henry VIII excommunicated.
- 1870 Educator Maria Montessori born.
- 1887 Thomas Edison patented the Kinescope for motion pictures.
- 1888 Jack the Ripper claimed his first victim.
- 1935 Black Panther Eldredge Cleaver born.
- 1945 Musician Van Morrison born.
- 1964 Boxer Rocky Maricano dies.
- 1965 Department of Housing Urban Development (HUD) created.
- 1980 Poland's Solidarity Union founded.
- 1990 East and West Germany signed treaty to join legal and political systems.
- 1997 Princess Diana dies.
SEPTEMBER 1: This Day in History
- 69 Traditional date of the destruction of Jerusalem.
- 1838 William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition dies at 68.
- 1933 Ann Richards, Governor of Texas, born.
- 1957 Gloria Estefan born.
- 1977 Ethel Waters, actress/singer, dies at 76.
- 1979 LA Court orders Clayton Moore to stop wearing Long Ranger mask.
- 1995 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame opens in Cleveland.
SEPTEMBER 2: This Day in History
- 1547 Hernan Cortes, Spanish general who defeated Aztec Indians, died.
- 1838 Queen Lydia Kamekeha Liliuokalani, last queen of Hawaii, born.
- 1944 Anne Frank (Diary of Anne Frank), is sent to Auschwitz.
- 1944 During World War II, George Bush ejects from a burning plane.
- 1945 Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independence from France (National Day).
- 1945 V-J Day; formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri; World War II ends.
SEPTEMBER 3: This Day in History
- 1752 This day never happened nor the next 10 days as England adopts Gregorian Calendar; people riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives.
- 1783 Treaty of Paris signed ending the U.S. Revolutionary War.
- 1891 Cottonpickers organize union and stage a strike in Texas.
- 1939 Britain declares war on Germany. France follows 6 hours later and then quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and Canada.
- 1964 Wilderness Act signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson.
- 1969 Ho Chi Minh, North Vietnamese president, dies.
SEPTEMBER 7 - This Day in History
- 3114 BCE Maya "long calendar" originated.
- 1533 Queen Elizabeth I of England born.
- 1813 Term "Uncle Sam" first used in reference to the U.S.
- 1822 Brazil declared independence from Portugal.
- 1860 Artist Grandma Moses born
- 1936 Hoover (Boulder) Dam became operable.
- 1963 Pro Footbal Hall of Fame dedicated.
- 1977 Panama Canal Treaty signed giving the canal to Panama in 2000.
- 1981 People's Court premiered on T.V.
- 1986 Bishop Tutu became the archbishop of Cape Town, South Africa.
SEPTEMBER 8: This Day in History
- 1565 1st permanent settlement in the U.S. forms (St. Augustine, FL).
- 1892 1st appearance of "Pledge of Allegiance."
- 1900 6,000 killed when a hurricane and tidal wave stikes Galveston, Texas (the worst natural disaster in U.S. history)>
- 1921 1st Miss America crowned (Margaret Gorman of Washington D.C.).
- 1930 Richard Drew creates Scotch tape.
- 1930 New York City public schools begin teacing Hebrew.
- 1930 1st appearance of comic strip "Blondie."
- 1952 Ernest Hemingway's "Old Man and the Sea" published.
- 1966 Star Trek premieres on NBC-TV.
- 1994 U.S. Air Boeing 737 crashes at Pittsburgh, killing 132.
Number 9, Number 9, Number 9, Number 9...
SEPTEMBER 9: This Day in History
- 1739 Slave revolt in Stono SC led by Hemmy (25 whites killed).
- 1754 William Bligh nasty ship's captain (HMS Bounty) born.
- 1776 Continental Congress renames "United Colonies," "United States."
- 1828 Leo Tolstoy Russia, novelist born.
- 1941 Otis Reding born.
- 1956 Elvis Presley appears on national TV for the first time (Ed Sullivan Show).
- 1965 Tibet is made an autonomous region of China.
- 1966 John Lennon meets Yoko Ono at an avante-garde art exposition.
- 1971 2,000 convicts seize Attica, NY, prison.
- 1976 Mao Tse-Tung Chinese communist party chairman dies at 82.
- 1987 Democratic presidential nominee Gary Hart admits to cheating on his wife.
SEPTEMBER 10: This Day in History
- 1608 John Smith elected president of Jamestown colony council, Virginia.
- 1842 Letitia Tyler, First Lady, dies at 51.
- 1846 Elias Howe patents the sewing machine.
- 1953 Swanson sells its 1st "TV dinner."
- 1955 "Gunsmoke" premiers on CBS-TV.
- 1963 20 black students entered public schools in Alabama.
- 1973 Muhammad Ali defeats Ken Norton.
SEPTEMBER 14: This Day in History
- 1716 First U.S. lighthouse lit (Boston Harbor)
- 1814 Francis Scott Key wrote the Star-Spangled Banner.
- 1836 Aaron Burr, 3rd Vice President and duelist, dies.
- 1847 The U.S. occupied Mexico City during the Mexican War.
- 1879 Margaret Sanger, leader of the birth control movement, born.
- 1901 President William McKinley dies as result of an assassination.
- 1927 Dancer Isadora Duncan dies.
- 1948 Groundbreaking for UN world headquarters
- 1958 First lobotomy performed.
- 1960 OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) formed.
- 1960 Chubby Checkers' The Twist was #1.
- 1960 PBS's KERA-TV (Channel 13) began broadcasting in Dallas.
- 1968 First broadcast of "60 Minutes"
- 1972 "The Waltons" premiers on TV.
- 1982 Grace Kelly, pricess of Monaco, dies.
- 1984 First MTV Awards
- National Anthem Day
- National Boss/Employee Exchange Day
SEPTEMBER 15: This Day in History
1789 James Fenimore Cooper, first major American novelist, born.
- 1794 James Madison marries Dolley Payne Todd.
- 1830 1st to be run over by a railroad train (William Huskisson, England)
- 1830 Porfirio Diaz, president of Mexico, born.
- 1853 1st U.S. woman ordained a minister, Antoinette Blackwell
- 1857 William Howard Taft, 27th president and chief justice, born.
- 1890 Agathie Christie born.
- 1914 First trenches dug on Western Front (World War I).
- 1946 Tommie Lee Jones, actor, born.
- 1949 The Lone Ranger premiers on ABC-TV.
- 1952 UN turns over Eritrea to Ethiopia.
- 1954 Marilyn Monroe's famous skirt scene filmed.
- 1959 Soviet Premier Khrushchev arrives in U.S. to begin a 13-day visit.
- 1961 Hurricane Carla strikes Texas with winds of 175 mph.
- 1963 4 children killed in bombing of a black Baptist church in Birmingham.
- 1978 Muhammad Ali beats WBA heavyweight champion Leon Spinks.
- 1981 U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves Sandra Day O'Conner as Justice of the Supreme Court.
- 1982 1st issue of "USA Today" published by Gannett Co. Inc.
- 1996 Texas Rangers retire first number, #34 for Nolan Ryan.
- 1999 Wedgewood Baptist Church shooting in Ft. Worth kills seven.
- 2008 Lehman Brothers files for bankruptcy.
SEPTEMBER 16: This Day in History
1620 Mayflower departs England (or Sept. 15; conflicting information).
- 1630 Massachusetts village of Shawmut changes name to Boston.
- 1672 Anne Bradstreet, colonial poet, dies.
- 1810 Hidalgo begins Mexican revolt against Spain.
- 1823 Francis Parkman, American historian/author, born.
- 1857 Typesetting machine patented.
- 1893 Cherokee Strip, Oklahoma, opened to white settlement homesteaders.
- 1908 General Motors founded by William C. Durant.
- 1915 U.S. takes control of customs and finances of Haiti for 10 years.
- 1924 Lauren Bacall, actress, born.
- 1927 Peter Falk, actor, born.
- 1932 Ghandi begins fast in protest of caste separation.
- 1940 Samuel T. Rayburn of Texas elected Speaker of the House.
- 1949 "The Road Runner" debuts.
- 1963 "Outer Limits" premiers on TV.
- 1968 President Nixon appears on "Laugh-In."
- 1976 Episcopal Church approves ordination of women as priests and bishops.
- 1983 Arnold Schwarzenegger becomes a U.S. citizen.
- 1984 "Miami Vice" premiers.
- 1991 U.S. trial of Panamanian leader Noriega begins.
- Mexican Independence Day
SEPTEMBER 17: This Day in History
- 1394 Jews are expelled from France by order of King Charles VI.
- 1787 U.S. Constitution adopted by Philadelphia convention.
- 1862 Battle of Antietam (Sharpstown) is bloodiest day of the Civil War.
- 1907 Warren Burger, Supreme Court chief justice, born.
- 1920 National Football League organized in Canton, Ohio.
- 1923 Hank Williams, country singer, born.
- 1934 First 33 1/3 rpm recording released.
- 1935 Ken Kesey, author, born.
- 1939 Soviet Union invades Poland during World War II.
- 1939 David Souter, Supreme Court justice, born.
- 1953 1st successful separation of conjoined twins.
- 1962 U.S. space officials announce selection of 9 new astronauts.
- 1963 "The Fugitive" premiers on ABC TV.
- 1964 "Bewitched" premiers on ABC TV.
- 1964 Supremes release "baby Love."
- 1967 "Mission Impossible" premiers on CBS-TV.
- 1972 MASH premiers on TV.
- 1978 Begin, Sadat and Carter sign the Camp David accord.
- 1980 Solidarity Labor Union in Poland forms.
- 1983 Vanessa Williams of NY became 1st black Miss America.
- Citizenship Day
SEPTEMBER 21: This Day in History
1776 Great Fire in New York City while occupied by British forces who denied they started it.
- 1784 First daily newspaper in the U.S., the Pennsylvania Packet and Daily Advertiser, published.
- 1792 Monarchy abolished in France.
- 1866 H. G. Wells born.
- 1895 First auto manufacturer opened (Duryea Motor Magon Co.).
- 1897 New York Sun ran "Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus" editorial.
- 1937 J.R.R. Tolkien published The Hobbit.
- 1938 The Great New England Hurricane killed 600.
- 1954 Nuclear submarine "The Nautilus" commissioned.
- 1957 "Perry Mason" debuted on TV.
- 1970 "Monday Night Football" premiered on TV.
- 1981 Belize granted independence from Britain.
- 1989 Colin Powell became Joint Chiefs' Chairman.
SEPTEMBER 22: This Day in History
1692 Last persons hanged for witchcraft in U.S. (Eight hanged as result of Salem Witch Trialz)
- 1817 John Quincy Adams becomes Secretary of State.
- 1862 President Lincoln says he will free slaves in all states on January 1.
- 1893 1st auto built in U.S. by Duryea brothers runs in Springfield.
- 1915 Southern Methodist University (Dallas) holds its 1st class.
- 1927 Famous "Long count" fight (Dempsey loses boxing title to Tunney).
- 1949 USSR detonates its 1st atomic bomb.
- 1960 Joan Jett, singer, born.
- 1960 Scott Baio, actor, born.
- 1973 Henry Kissinger, sworn in as America's 1st Jewish Secretary of State.
- 1975 Sara Jane Moore tries to assassinate President Ford in San Francisco, the second attempt that month.
- 1985 Michael Spinks beats Larry Holmes to become Heavyweight Boxing Champ.
- 1985 Rock and country musicians participate in FarmAid in Champaign, IL.
- 1989 Irving Berlin, composer, dies.
- 1991 California University makes the Dead Sea Scrolls public.
SEPTEMBER 23: This Day in History
- 1642 Harvard College has 1st commencement.
- 1806 Lewis and Clark return to St. Louis from the Pacific Northwest.
1838 Victoria Chafflin Woodhull, feminist/reformer/freelove/1st female presidential candidate, born.
- 1920 MIckey Rooney, actor, born.
- 1930 Ray Charles, singer/pianist, born.
- 1938 Time capsule, to be opened in 6939, buried at World's Fair in New York City (capsule contained a woman's hat, man's pipe and 1,100 feel of microfilm).
- 1939 Sigmund Freud dies at 83.
- 1949 Bruce Springsteen, rock musician, born.
- 1952 Richard Nixon makes his "Checker's Speech."
SEPTEMBER 24: This Day in History
1493 Columbus begins second voyage to New World.
- 1755 John Marshall, 4th Supreme Court Chief Justice, born.
- 1789 Congress creates the Post Office.
- 1852 A new invention, the dirigible, is demonstrated.
- 1853 First round-the-world trip by yacht (Cornelius Vanderbilt).
- 1869 Black Friday, Wall Street panics after Gould and Fisk attempt to corner gold.
- 1883 National black convention meets in Louisville, Kentucky.
- 1896 F. Scott Fitzgerald, author, born.
- 1934 2500 fans see Babe Ruth's farewell Yankee appearance at Yankee Stadium.
- 1954 "Tonight Show" premiers on NBC (Johnny takes over 8 years later).
- 1957 Eisenhower orders U.S. troops to desegregate Little Rock schools.
- 1962 U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals orders James Meredith, an African-American, be admitted to the University of Mississippi.
- 1964 "The Munsters" premiers.
- 1969 Trial of "Chicago 8" (protesters at the 1968 National Convention) begins.
- 1976 Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst is sentenced to 7 years for her part in a 1974 bank robbery (released after 22 months by President Carter).
SEPTEMER 28: This Day in History
- 551 BCE Confucius born
- 1066 William the Conqueror lands in England.
- 1781 Last battle of American Revolution begins (Yorktown).
- 1850 Flogging in the U.S. Navy is abolished.
- 1868 Opelousas Massacre in Louisiana, 30-300 African-Americans killed.
- 1906 U.S. occupied Cuba.
- 1934 Actress Brigitte Bardot born.
- 1948 WBAP-YV (NBC - Channel 5) begins broadcasting from Ft. Worth.
- 1964 Comedian Harpo Marx dies.
- 1982 Poisoned Tylenol scare begins.
- 1991 Jazz musician Miles Davis dies.
- 1885 Rabin and Arafat sign accord to transfer the West Bank.
SEPTEMBER 29: This Day in History
1789 U.S. War Department establishes a regular army.
- 1895 Louis Pasteur dies.
- 1907 Gene Autry, Tioga, TX, cowpoke/singer/actor/California Angels owner born.
- 1920 Babe Ruth sets then home run season record at 54.
- 1925 John Tower (Sen-R-TX) born.
- 1929 Bob Newhart, actor/comedian, born.
- 1935 Jerry Lee Lewis, singer, born.
- 1936 Radio used for 1st time for a presidential campaign.
- 1940 1st U.S. Merchant ship "Booker T. Washington" commanded by a black captain (Hugh Mulzac), launches at Wilmington, DE.
- 1963 Rolling Stones 1st tour (opening act for Bo Diddley and Everly Brothers).
- 1988 Florence Griffith Joyner of USA sets the 200m woman's record (21.34).
- 1997 Jury selection in Terry Nichols' Oklahoma City bombing trial begins.
- 2005 John G. Roberts confirmed as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
SEPTEMBER 30: This Day in History
1627 Robinson Crusoe, according to Defoe, born.
- 1630 1st execution in America (J. Billington hanged in Plymouth, MA).
- 1659 Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Defoe).
- 1846 Anesthetic ether used for 1st time (Dr. William Morton extracts a tooth).
- 1867 Midway Islands formally declared a U.S. possession.
- 1924 Truman Capote, writer, born.
- 1934 Franklin Roosevelt dedicates Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam).
- 1935 Johnny Mathis, singer, born.
- 1955 James Dean killed in an auto collision at 24.
- 1960 Flintstones premiers (1st prime time animation show).
- 1962 James Meredith registers for classes at the University of Mississippi.
- 1968 1st Boeing 747 rolls out.
- 1978 Edgar Bergen, ventriloquist, dies at 75.
- 1991 Haitian President Jean-Bertand Aristide is ousted.
To This Day in History Part 2 (October)
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