Signs and Signals //
Music and Dance
When the Revolutionary
War began, the colonists
had no national hymn.
It is believed that during
the French and Indian
War a Dr. Richard Shackburg
in a spirit of dirision
gave to the poorly clad and
soldiers the words and music
of "Yankee Doodle." Twenty
years after these same
militiamen marched to
victory at Lexington to this
tune. When Cornwallis marched
to his surrender at Yorktown,
the same tune was played.
Historians continue to
disagree about the origins of
the song's name and tune.
It has been attributed to
the Spanish, Dutch, and Germans
as well as the Puritans.
The word "Yankee" itself may
be a Native American
corruption of the word "English"
and was used as
a contemptuous term applied to
the Puritans. "Doodle"
means a "simple fellow." -
The Golden Book of
...Fath'r and I went down to camp,
A-long with Captain Good'in,
And there we saw the men and boys
as thick as hasty puddin'.
Yankee Doodle keep it up,
Yankee Doodle dandy,
Mind the music and the step,
And with the girls be handy.
And there we see a athousand men,
As rich as squire Da-vid;
And what they wanted ev-'ry day,
I wish it could be sav-ed.
And there was Captain Washington
Up-on a slapping stallion,
A-giving orders to his men,
I guess there was a mllion.
And then the feathers on his hat,
They look'd so very fine, ah!
I wanted peskily to get
To give to my Jemima.
And there I see a swarming gun,
Large as a log of maple,
Upon a mighty little cart;
A load for father's cattle.
And every time they fired it off,
It took a horn of power;
It made a noise like father's gun
Only a nation louder.
And there I see a little keg,
Its head all made of leather,
They knocked upon't with little
To call the folks together.
And Cap'n Davis had a gun,
He kind o'clapt his hand on't
And stuck a crooked stabbing iron
Upon the litte end on't.
The troopers, too, would gallop up
And fire right in our faces;
It scared me almost half to death
To see them run such races.
It scared me so I hooked it off,
Not stopped, as I remember,
Nor turned about till I got home,
Locked up in mother's chamber.
QUOTES FROM THOMAS
1. "The cultivators of the earth
are the most virtuous citizens..."
2. "I am not a friend to a very
energetic government. It is
3. "I have sworn upon the altar
of God, eternal hostility against
every form of tyranny over the
mind of man."
4. "The principle of society as
well as of government, with us, is
the equality of the individuals
5. "I tolerate with utmost latitude,
the right of others to differ from
me in opinion without imputing to
6. "Freedom is the gift of
7. "Let us freely hear both sides."
8. "It is well known that the
Africans who have been brought
to America are daily becoming,
under all disadvantages of
servitude, more ingenious and
susceptible of instruction."
9. "No person hereafter coming
into this country shall be held...
in slavery under any
pretext whatever." (1776 draft of
10. "I tremble for my country
when I reflect that God is just;
that his justice cannot sleep
11. "I am safe in affirming that
the proofs of genius given by the
Indians of North America place
them on a level with whites in the
same uncultivated state."
12. "I am ready [at the age of 76]
to say to every human being 'thou
art my brother' and to offer him
the hand of concord and amity."
13. "In every country and in
every age, the priest has been
hostile to liberty."
14. "I never attempted to make a
convert, nor wish to change
15. "It does me no injury for my
neighbor to say there are twenty
gods, or no God. It neither picks
my pocket nor breaks my leg."
16. "If I could not go to heaven
but with a party, I would not go at
17. "If a nation expects to be
ignorant and free, in a state of
civilization, it expects what never
was and never will be."
18. "History is philosophy
teaching by examples."
19. "In every government on
earth, there is some trace of
human weakness, some germ of
corruption and degeneracy..."
20. "The late rebellion in
Massachusetts [Shays] has given
more alarm than I think it should
have done...No country should go
so long without one. Nor will any
degree of power in the hands of
government prevent insurrection."
21. "...all men are created
From Thomas Jefferson and the
Foundations of American
Freedom by Saul Padover
LEWIS & CLARK SONG
sung to the tune of "Gilligan's
Island" by John Williams
words by Ron and Wanda Jones
Just sit right back and you'll hear
A tale of a famous trip
That started from St. Louis port,
Three perogues were their ships.
Will Clark was a mighty sailin'
Cap'n Lewis brave and sure.
Some forty men set sail that day,
For a two year tour, a two year
The weather started getting cold,
The mountains were close by.
If not for the courage of the
They might just surely die.
They might just surely die.
The crew spent time in this
Meeting all the folks,
With York the slave and
he Bird Woman and her child,
One guy was dead,
And some went home,
The rest will head on West.
So this is the tale of ad-venture,
They're gone for a long, long
They'll have to make the best of
It's an uphill climb.
The captains and the natives too,
Will do their very best,
To make the others comfortable,
With morphine and leeches.
No phones, no lights, no motor
Not a single luxury.
Like Robinson Crusoe,
It's primitive as can be.
So join me here today my friends,
You're sure to get ten points.
From reading journals 'bout the
Here in History class.
JOURNALS OF LEWIS &