Aztec and Inca Exercise
GROUP:__________________________ WORLD CIVILIZATION WAR BETWEEN THE AZTECS AND PEOPLE OF THE INCA DIRECTIONS: Divide the class into two groups, the Aztecs and the People of the Inca. Answer the following questions for 1 point each. The group with the most points receives a ten point bonus. The questions will also help you review for Quiz 3. THIS ANSWER SHEET MUST BE TURNED IN TODAY! You may answer the questions in any order, skip questions, etc. 1. During the postclassical period, societies in the Americas a. remained entirely separate from those of the Old World. b. experienced the initial contacts that led eventually to European invasion of the New World. c. failed to develop imperial forms of government - a failure that mirrored European society. d. were united under a single government. 2. What does the word "pre-Columbian" mean in reference to the New World? ________________________________________________________ 3. Which of the following was not a characteristic of American civilizations during the post-classic period? a. large cities based on elaborate political and economic organization b. elaborate cultural systems c. monotheism d. highly developed agriculture 4. On the attached map, identify the location of Teotihuacan. 5. The northern nomadic peoples who entered central Mexico following the decline of Teotihuacan were the a. Aztecs b. Incas c. Olmecs d. Toltecs 6. Toltecs established their capital at __________. 7. ________ True or False? The Aztecs viewed the cultural achievements of the Toltecs as culture heroes and the givers of civilization. 8 - 12. Place the letter of the event next to the correct date: Year: Event: _____ A. rise of Chimor _____ B. foundation of Tenochtitlan _____ C. fall of Toltec empire _____ D. foundation of Tula _____ E. Incas establish empire _____ F. Aztecs establish empire 13. After the sack of Tula, the center of population and political power in Mexico shifted to _____________________. 14. The people who succeeded the Toltecs as the rulers of central Mexico were the ___________. 15. On the attached map, identify the location of Lake Texoco. 16. Which of the following was not one of the cities challenging for dominance at the time of the Aztec arrival in the valley of Mexico a. Teotihuacan b. Azcapotzalco c. Culhuacan d. Texcoco 17. The Aztecs called themselves the ____________. 18. ________ True or False? The cult of human sacrifice and conquest was united with the political power of the ruler and the nobility in Aztec society. 19. ________ True or False? Aztec religion included patron gods, festivals, feasting, and dancing. 20 - 23. Identify the roles of the following Aztec deities: ______________________________ Tonatiuh ______________________________ Tezcatlipoca ______________________________ Huitzilopochetli ______________________________ Quetzalcoatl 24. Warrior cults and militaristic images of ____________ and ___________ devouring human hearts were characteristic of Toltec art. 25. ________________________, the king of Texcoco, composed hymns to the "lord of the close vicinity," an invisible creative force that supported all the gods. 26. Which of the following did not happen as a result of the Aztec defeat of Azcapotzalco? a. the dominance of the nobility b. the emergence of a ruler with supreme powers c. the abandonment of human sacrifice d. the creation of the Triple Alliance 27. The term "calpulli" means __________________________________. 28. The term "pipiltin" refers to ______________________________. 29. _________ True or False? The "flowery death" was Aztec description of suicide. 30. _________ True or False? The Aztec were known for their egalitarian principles. 31. _________ True or False? No similarities in Aztec and European cultures have been discovered. 32. Circle the qualities that described the ideal Aztec father: a. source of lineage b. sincere c. diligent d. solicitous e. compassionate f. sympathetic g. administrator h. teacher and advisor i. thrifty j. orderly 32. Circle the qualities that described the ideal Aztec mother: a. sincere b. vigilant c. agile d. energetic e. diligent f. watchful g. solicitous h. full of anxiety i. teacher j. constantly at work k. nonconformist 33. ________ True or False? Aztec rulers were expected to be like "wild beasts." 34. ________ True or False? Apparently, Aztecs glorified thin women. 35. What was the nature of the Aztec administration of subject territories? a. The Aztecs placed members of the royal family as rulers over subject peoples. b. All territories became part of a centralized administration run by a trained bureaucracy. c. Conquered territories were often left relatively unchanged under their old rulers as long as they recognized Aztec supremacy and paid tribute. d. The Aztecs established a military administration with subject territories controlled by regional generals. 36. ________ True or False? The technology of the Americas limited social development in a variety of ways. 37. Which of the following describes Aztec marriages: a. all males were expected to marry several women. b. peasants were monogamous. c. the nobility practiced celibacy. d. Aztec women could have several husbands. 38. Aztec women a. could inherit property and pass it to their heirs b. were considered equal to men c. did not work hard d. were not allowed to be weavers 39. What was the Aztec view of history? a. They believed in a linear view of history dedicated to the premise of Aztec superiority for eternity. b. Like other Mesoamerican peoples, the Aztecs believed in a cyclical pattern of repetitive eternity. c. Unlike other Mesoamerican peoples, the Aztecs rejected the cyclical view of history for a more modern historical view based on the history of their empire. d. Because they lacked a calendar system, the Aztecs had no formal historical viewpoint. 40. The Aztec innovation in intensive agriculture in the aquatic environments of the lakes of central Mexico was the development of a. chinampas b. pipiltin c. quipus d. calpulli 41. What was the nature of the Aztec economy? a. The Aztecs failed to develop a merchant class. b. The Aztecs developed a free market economy. c. The Aztec state redistributed many goods received as tribute. d. There was little trade within Aztec society. 42. Which of the following was not a function of the Aztec kinship groups? a. assignment of people to cult groups b. distributing land to household heads c. organizing labor units for state service d. organizing military units for warfare 43. As the Aztec nobility broke free from their old kinship groups and acquired private lands, a new class of workers was created to serve as laborers called ______________. 44. The largest of the Andean states between 900 and 1465 following the decline of Tihuanaco and Huari was ______________________. 45. On the attached map, identify the location of Cuzco. 46. The Inca language was ________________. 47. The term "mitmaq" refers to Inco _________________. 48. The term "tabos" refers to Inca __________________. 49. The term "mita" refers to _____________________. 50. ________ True or False? The Inca required women to weave high-quality cloth which was a great Andean art form with political and religious significance. 51. Women in the era of the Incan Empire: a. did not participate in agriculture. b. were theoretically equal and interdependent. c. unimportant in recognizing descent. d. possessed no rights. 52. The Inca nobility were a. drawn from 10 royal ayllus and the city of Cuzco b. drawn from the noble ayllus of the conquered population c. not distinguished from the commoners by appearance or dress d. often commoners who distinguished themselves in battle. 53. The term "yanas" refers to ______________________________. 54. The Spaniards referred to the Inca as ____________________ or "big ears." 55. Which of the following represents a cultural difference between the Incas and Aztecs? a. monumental architecture b. no practical use of the wheel c. lack of a writing system d. beautiful pottery and cloth 56. Which of the following represents a significant difference between the Andean and Mesoamerican civilization? a. climate and geography b. kin-based social groups c. sedentary agricultural systems d. the existence of a nobility 57. __________ True or False? The Incas did not have a system of writing. 58. __________ True or False? The Inca did not have highly developed metallurgy. 59. __________ True or False? The Incas used copper and bronze for some weapons and tools. 60. The term "quipu" refers to ______________________________. 61. __________ True or False? The Incas had a passion for numerical order. 62. __________ True or False? Inca stonecutting was remarkably accurate. BONUS QUESTIONS: 63. __________ True or False? The empire of the Incas was the largest state-level society in the New World prior to the arrival of the Europeans. 64.___________ True or False? Because of records made by early Spanish and native chroniclers, we also know more about the Incas than about any earlier culture of the Andes. 65. See Photo #1: This is work by the a. Toltecs b. Aztecs c. Incas d. Missississipians 66. What modern countries exist in place of the Inca Empire? 67. Why was mortar not used in the construction of buildings by Inca stoneworkers? 68. How did the Inca roads cross the steep crevasses of the Andes Mountains? 69. Why didn't the Inca people use wagons or carts to transport their goods? 70. How do you say 'He carries firewood to town.' in the Inca language? 71. When,and by whom was Machu Picchu discoverd? 72. What was the likely signifcance of Machu Picchu to the Inca?