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To Aztec & Inca Links

Aztec and Inca Exercise



  DIRECTIONS:  Divide the class into two groups, the Aztecs and the 
  People of the Inca.  Answer the
  following questions for 1 point each.  The group with the most 
  points receives a ten point bonus.  The questions
  will also help you review for Quiz 3.  
  You may answer the questions in any order, skip questions, etc.

   1.  During the postclassical period, societies in the Americas
          a.  remained entirely separate from those of the Old World.
          b.  experienced the initial contacts that led eventually to 
              European invasion of the New World.
          c.  failed to develop imperial forms of government - 
              a failure that mirrored European society.
          d.  were united under a single government.

   2.  What does the word "pre-Columbian" mean in reference to the 
             New World?

   3.  Which of the following was not a characteristic of American 
        civilizations during the post-classic period?
          a.  large cities based on elaborate political and economic 
          b.  elaborate cultural systems
          c.  monotheism
          d.  highly developed agriculture

   4.  On the attached map, identify the location of Teotihuacan.

   5.  The northern nomadic peoples who entered central Mexico 
        following the decline of Teotihuacan were the
          a.  Aztecs
          b.  Incas
          c.  Olmecs
          d.  Toltecs

   6.  Toltecs established their capital at __________.

   7.  ________ True or False?  The Aztecs viewed the cultural 
          achievements of the Toltecs as culture heroes
          and the givers of civilization.

   8 - 12.  Place the letter of the event next to the correct date:
           Year:          Event:

          _____           A.  rise of Chimor

          _____           B.  foundation of Tenochtitlan

          _____           C.  fall of Toltec empire

          _____           D.  foundation of Tula

          _____           E.  Incas establish empire

          _____           F.  Aztecs establish empire

  13.  After the sack of Tula, the center of population 
        and political power in Mexico shifted to

  14.  The people who succeeded the Toltecs as the 
        rulers of central Mexico were the ___________.

  15.  On the attached map, identify the location of Lake Texoco.

  16.  Which of the following was not one of the cities challenging 
       for dominance at the time of the Aztec arrival in
       the valley of Mexico
          a.  Teotihuacan
          b.  Azcapotzalco
          c.  Culhuacan
          d.  Texcoco

  17.  The Aztecs called themselves the ____________.

  18.  ________ True or False?  The cult of human sacrifice and conquest 
        was united with the political power of
        the ruler and the nobility in Aztec society.

  19.  ________ True or False?  Aztec religion included patron gods, 
         festivals, feasting, and dancing.

  20 - 23.  Identify the roles of the following Aztec deities:
          ______________________________  Tonatiuh

          ______________________________  Tezcatlipoca

          ______________________________  Huitzilopochetli

          ______________________________  Quetzalcoatl

  24.  Warrior cults and militaristic images of ____________ 
       and ___________ devouring human
       hearts were characteristic of Toltec art.

  25.  ________________________, the king of Texcoco, composed hymns 
       to the "lord of the close vicinity,"  an invisible creative 
       force that supported all the gods.

  26.  Which of the following did not happen as a result of the Aztec 
       defeat of Azcapotzalco?
          a.  the dominance of the nobility
          b.  the emergence of a ruler with supreme powers
          c.  the abandonment of human sacrifice
          d.  the creation of the Triple Alliance

  27.  The term "calpulli" means __________________________________.

  28.  The term "pipiltin" refers to ______________________________.

  29.  _________ True or False?  The "flowery death" was Aztec 
       description of suicide.

  30.  _________ True or False?  The Aztec were known for their 
       egalitarian principles.

  31.  _________ True or False?  No similarities in Aztec and European 
       cultures have been discovered.
  32.  Circle the qualities that described the ideal Aztec father:
          a.  source of lineage
          b.  sincere
          c.  diligent
          d.  solicitous
          e.  compassionate
          f.  sympathetic
          g.  administrator
          h.  teacher and advisor
          i.  thrifty
          j.  orderly
  32.  Circle the qualities that described the ideal Aztec mother:
          a.  sincere
          b.  vigilant
          c.  agile
          d.  energetic
          e.  diligent
          f.  watchful
          g.  solicitous
          h.  full of anxiety
          i.  teacher
          j.  constantly at work
          k.  nonconformist

  33.  ________ True or False?  Aztec rulers were 
       expected to be like "wild beasts."

  34.  ________ True or False?   Apparently, Aztecs 
       glorified thin women.

  35.  What was the nature of the Aztec administration of 
       subject territories?
          a.  The Aztecs placed members of the royal family 
               as rulers over subject peoples.
          b.  All territories became part of a centralized 
              administration run by a trained bureaucracy.
          c.  Conquered territories were often left relatively 
              unchanged under their old rulers as long as they
              recognized Aztec supremacy and paid tribute.
          d.  The Aztecs established a military administration with 
              subject territories controlled by regional generals.

  36.  ________ True or False?  The technology of the Americas limited 
            social development in a variety of ways.

  37.  Which of the following describes Aztec marriages:
          a.  all males were expected to marry several women.
          b.  peasants were monogamous.
          c.  the nobility practiced celibacy.
          d.  Aztec women could have several husbands.

  38.  Aztec women 
          a.  could inherit property and pass it to their heirs
          b.  were considered equal to men
          c.  did not work hard
          d.  were not allowed to be weavers

  39.  What was the Aztec view of history