Persian and Seleucid Rulers of Babylon

Achæmenid Dynasty (Persian; religion: Native (polytheism); captials Pasargadæ and Persepolis)*

(Achæmenid rulers previous to Cyrus' conquering Babylon:

(104) Cyrus (II) "The Great" 559-530


Persian Satraps of the Province of Babylon:
(105) Cambyses II 529-522
Smerdis 522
(106) Darius I 522-486
(distant cousin of Cyrus)
(107) Nidintu-Bel claims to be Nabonidus' son, takes name Nabu-kudurri-usur (III), "King of Babylon"

(108) Arahu claims to be Nabonidus' son, takes name Nabu-kudurri-usur (IV), "King of Babylon" in 521 b.c.e.
(109) Xerxes I 485-465
Three Rebel Kings of Babylon between 482 and 476 b.c.e.:
(The following Persian Kings did not call themselves "King of Babylon," possibly because Marduk, who legitimated rulers, was gone):

Artaxerxes I 464-425
Xerxes II 424
Sogdianus 424
Darius II 423-405
Artaxerxes II 404-359
Artaxerxes III 358-338
Arses 337-336
Darius III 335-330


(113) Alexander 330-323
Diadochi (successors of Alexander in the Satrapy of Babylonia) 323-312
Archon (Satrap) 323
114. Philippos Arrhidaios, King of Babylon 323-316 b.c.e.
(115) Alexander IV, son of Alexander The Great (nominal King of Babylon, 316-307)
(116) Seleucus Nikator (the Victor) 312-310
Demetrios (son of Antigonus)
Seleucid Dynasty (religion Greek, capital Seleucia)

116. Seleucus I (Nikator) 311-281
117. Antiochus I (Soter) 281-261
118. Antiochus II (Theos) 261-246
119. Seleucus II (Callinicus) 246-226
120. Seleucus III (Soter) 225-223
121. Antiochus III (The Great) 222-187
122. Seleucus IV (Philopator) 187-175
123. Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) 175-164
124. Antiochus V (Eupator) 164-162
125. Demetrius I (Soter) 162-150

127. Alexander Balas 150-145
128. Demetrius II (Nikator) 145-139
129. Antiochus VI (Epiphanes) 145-142 130. Demetrius II (2nd time) 140
131. Antiochus VII Sidites (Euergetes) 136-129132. Hyspaosines (Satrap of Characene appointed by Antiochus VII) 129-126; King of Babylon 127-126133. Himeros (Arsacid General)
Arsacid Dynasty ("Parthian" - founded 256; religion Zoroastrian, captial Ctesiphon)

Arsacid Dynasty prior to conquest of Babylon:

1. Mithridates II 124-88 b.c.e.


2. Gorarzes I 91-81
3. Orodes I 80-76
4. Sanatrokes 76/5-70/69
4. Phraates III &0/69-58/575. Mithridates III 58/57-55
6. Orodes II 57-37/36
7. Pacorus I 38 c.e. 8. Phraates IV 38/37-3/2 b.c.e.
9.Tiridates II 30-25
10. Phraataces 3/2 b.c.e. - 2/3 c.e.
11. Orodes III 4-6/7
12. Vonones I 7-11/12
13. Artaban III 12-38
18. Vonones II 51
19. Vologases I 51-7720. Pacorus II 78-109
22. Osroes 109-128
24. Vologases II 105-147
25. Mithridates IV 128-147
26. Vologases III 148-19227. Vologases IV 190/91-20728. Vologases V 207-222
29. Artaban V 213-228
30. Artavasdes 228-?

Sassanian Dynasty (2nd Persian or "New Persian" Dynasty, founded by Sassan (two generations earlier, son Papak), religion Zoroastrianism)§
1. Ardašir (Artaxerxes) I 224-241
2. Šapur (Sapor) I 241-272


3. Hormizd (Hormisdas) I 272-273
4. Varahran (Bahram) I 273-276
5. Varahran (Bahram) II 276-293
6. Varahran (Bahram) III 293
7. Narses 293-302
8. Hormizd (Hormisdas) II 302-309
9. Šapur (Sapor) II 309-379
Roman Emperor Julian ("The Apostate") breaks down part of the wall of Babylon, which was then being used by the Sassanians as a Royal Game Preserve, in order to free the wild game and wreak havoc on the countryside (Zosimus, "New History" III,23)

10. Ardašir (Artaxerxes) II 379-383
11. Šapur (Sapor) III 383-388
12. Varahran (Bahram) IV 388-399
13. Isdigerd (Yazdegerd) I 399-420
14. Varahan (Bahram) V 420-438
15. Isdigerd (Yazdegerd) II 438-457
16. Hormizd (Hormisdas) III 457-459
17. Perozes (Firuz) 457-484
18. Balaš 484-488
19. Kavadh (Kobad) I 488-496
20. Zamasp (Jamasp) 496-499
21. Kavadh (Kobad) I (2nd Time) 499-531
22. Chosroes I 531-579
23. Hormizd (Hormisdas) IV 579-590
24. Chosroes II 590-62828. Ardašir (Artaxerxes) III 628-630
29. Purandokht (Princess) 629-631
30. Šahrbaraz (Princess) 630
31. Hormizd (Hormisdas) V 631-632
32. Chosroes III 632-633
33. Isdigerd (Yazdegerd) III 633-651

The Moslem conquest of Mesopotamia in 632-633 allowed the Sassanid Dynasty to expire peacefully.

Next List - The Islamic Caliphates
Previous List - Assyrian and Babylonian Kings

Email: belmurru@babylonianmagick.com