The Ottoman Empire to the present interim administration of 'Iraq

Ottoman Sultans (Dynasties founded by 'Osman I, in 1299; capital Constantinople/Istanbul; Suleiman I ("The Magnificent") takes Baghdad from Safavids in 1534)
1. Suleiman I 1520-1566
2. Salim II 1566-1574 3. Murad III 1574-1595
4. Muhammad III 1595-1603
5. Ahmad I 1603-1617 6. Mustafa I 1617-1618
7. 'Uthman II 1618-16228. Mustafa I (2nd time) 1622-16239. Murad IV 1623-1640; regains Baghdad 163810. Ibrahim 1640-164811. Muhammad IV 1648-1687 12. Sulaiman II 1687-169113. Ahmad II 1691-1695 14. Mustafà II 1695-1703 15. Ahmad III 1703-173016. Mahmud I 1730-1754

Mamluks (=Mamelukes) become semi-independent governors of Baghdad, 1751-1831 (the Mamluks were a caste of Turkish warriors who rose to prominence in Egypt)
1. Sulaimân 1751-1761

2. 'Alî 1761-1763
3. 'Umar 1763-?
4. 'Abdallah Agha ?-?5. Hasan Agha ?-17806. Sulaimân 1780-1802 7. 'Alî 1802-18078. Suleimân 1807-18109. 'Abdallâh 1810-1812
10. Sa'îd 1812-1816
11. Dâ'ûd 1816-183123. Sultan 'Abdu'l Majid 1839-1861 24. 'Abdu'l 'Aziz 1861-187625. Murad V 1876
26. 'Abdu'l Hamid II 1876-1908 27. Muhammad V 1908-1918

British Rule and Mandate (Article 22 League of Nations) 1918-1921
1. King George V (1910-1936) 1918-1926

Kingdom of 'Iraq (King Faysal enthroned August 23, 1921; British recognize Iraqi independence 1926; Kings trace lineage to Prophet Muhammad)
1. Faysal I (also spelled Faisal, Feisal) 1921-1933

2. Ghazi 1933-1939
3. Faysal II 1939-1958 (executed in military coup)

Republic of 'Iraq (I) 1958-1963
1. Prime Minister Qasim (Kassem) 1958-1963

Republic (II) 1963-1968, Military and Ba'ath Party
2. President Aref

Republic (III) July 17, 1968 - Present (Ba'ath Party)
3. President al-Bakr 1968-1979
4. President Saddam Hussein 1979-2003

  • December 12, Saddam Hussein found in hiding

    American interim administration April 9, 2003-May 28, 2004
    President George W. Bush (2000- ) 2003-2004
    Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld

    'Iraqi interim government, May 28, 2004-

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