Islamic Caliphates Ruling Babylonia

The first Caliphs* ruled Babylonia as part of the province of Kûfa, keeping for practical purposes the administrative districts of the Sassanian Empire

1. Abu Bekr 632-634
2. 'Umar (Omar) 634-644

3. 'Uthman 644-656 4. 'Alî 656-661 (Assassinated in 'Iraq)

Umayyad Dynasty (capital Damascus)
1. Mu'awiya I 661-680


2. Yazid I 680-683 3. Mu'âwiya II 683-6844. Marwân I 684-685
5. 'Abd-al-Malik 685-705 6. al-Walid I 705-7157. Sulayiman 715-7178. 'Umar II 717-720
9. Yazîd II 720-72410. Hisham 724-74311. al-Walid II 743-74412. Yazid III 744-74513. Marwan II 745-750

Abbasid (Caliphate) Dynasty of Baghdad, Sunni Moslem (dynasty founded by al-'Abbâs four generations earlier - take Kûfa from the Umayyads in 750)
1. as-Saffah 750-754

2. al-Mansur 754-7753. al-Mahdi 775-785
4. al-Hadi 785-786
5. Harun ar-Rashid 786-809
6. al-Amin 809-813
7. al-Ma'mun 813-833
8. al-Mu 'tasim 833-842
9. al-Wathiq 842-847
10. al-Mutawakkil 847-861
11. al-Muntasir 861-862
12. al-Musta'in 862-866
13. al-Mu'tazz 866-869
14. al-Muhtadi 869-870
15. al-Mu'tamid 870-892
16. al-Mu'tadid 892-902
17. al-Muqtafi 902-908
18. al-Muqtadir 908-932
19. al-Qahir 932-934
20. ar-Radi 934-940
21. al-Muttaqi 940-944
22. al-Mustakfi 944-946

Buyid (=Buwayhid) Shiite Dynasty rules Baghdad from 945. They retain the Abbasid Caliphs as the spiritual and titular heads of the Sunni population
1. Mu'izz al-Dawla (Ahmad) 945-967

2. 'Izz al-Dawla Bakhtiyar 967-9783. 'Adud al-Dawla 978-983
4. Samsam al-Dawla 983-987
5. Sharaf al-Dawla 987-990
6. Baha' al-Dawla 990-1014 7. Sultan al-Dawla 1014-1023
8. Musharrif al-Dawla 1023-1027
9. Djalal al-Dawla 1027-104610. Abu Kalidjar 1046-1051
11. al-Malik al-Rahim 1051-1058

The Great Seljuks (a Dynasty originating in Turkey) rule the area from 1055-1118
1. Tughril-Beg 1055-1063

2. Alp Arslan 1063-10723. Malik-Shah I 1072-10924. Mahmud 1092-1093
5. Barkiaruq 1093-1104 6. Malik-Shah II 1104-11057. Muhammad ibn Malik-Shah 1105-11178. Sandjar 1118-1142 (cedes control to Iraqi Seljuks in 1118, but retains right to appoint governors)

Iraqi Seljuk Dynasty
1. Mahmud ibn Muhammad 1118-1131

2. Daud ibn Muhammad 1131-11323. Tughril I 1132-1135
4. Mas'ud 1135-11525. Mu'inaddin Malikshah 1152-1153
6. Muhammad ibn Mahmud 1153-1159
7. Sulaiman Shahi Muhammad 1159-11618. Arslan-Shah ibn Tughril 1161-11779. Tughril II 1177-119435. Caliph az-Zahir 1225-1226
36 al-Mustansir 1226-1242
37. al-Musta'sim 1242-1258

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Email: BelMurru@BabylonianMagick.com