JOHN COLEMAN BURROUGHS
Influences Pt. I
Nicolai Ivanovich Fechin (1881-1955) was born in Kazan, a city on the Volga River rich with mingled Russian and Mongol cultures, and his artistic talent was recognized early in life. By the age of 11, he was drawing designs that his father used in the construction of altars and he enrolled in the Kazan School of Art at the age of 13. After training at Kazan, Fechin entered the Imperial Academy Petrograd (St. Petersburg) in 1900. There, he was profoundly influenced by the psychologically penetrating portraits of his teacher, Ilya Repin (1844-1930), Russia's preeminent realist painter. Another major influence was Malavin, a prior instructor at the Academy who was known for "his wide, nervous brushstroke." In 1909, after graduation with high honours from the academy, Fechin received the Prix de Rome scholarship that enabled him to travel to Rome, Vienna, and Paris. One of Fechin's submissions to the 1910 International Exhibition in Munich was awarded a gold medal and, in the same year, the artist was invited to send paintings to the annual International Exhibition held at the Carnegie Institute in Pittsburgh.
He then returned to Kazan where he taught for ten years and married the daughter of the director in 1913. During the Bolshevik Revolution many of his students achieved posts in the new government that allowed them to offer a degree of protection to Fechin and his wife, Alexandra, and daughter, Eya. He was well known outside of Russia from canvases sent to Western exhibitions, and with the assistance of many American friends and patrons, he emigrated to New York in 1923. His work was immediately accepted and awarded in the US. In 1927, he moved to Taos, New Mexico for health reasons where he was soon immersed in designing and decoratively carving his new house and in using bold colours to capture the Pueblo life around him. He returned to New York with daughter Eya after his 1933 divorce, but moved to Southern California in the late '40s. From his California base, he travelled extensively through the SW, Mexico, Japan and the Pacific where he found inspiration for his work. Fechin taught small groups in his Santa Monica studio and it was here that John Coleman Burroughs became a favourite and devoted student. They went on many painting expeditions through the SW and Mexico and participated in many art shows in these areas. Their shared love of the indigenous cultures they saw in these travels inspired their art, and the combination of that love and their use of powerful brushstrokes made for memorable canvases. Nicolai Fechin died in Santa Monica in 1955.
Other John Coleman Burroughs influences:
Walter Elmer Schofield (1867-1944)
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