From Tarzana, California
Memories from the
Edgar Rice Burroughs
Oldest Correspondent in the WWII Pacific
An Illustrated Time Line of
1941: The War Years
Collated by Bill Hillman
* Jungle Girl was released
as a 15-part Republic serial starring Frances Gifford. Ed's friend Rochelle
Hudson had hoped to get the role. Rochelle starred in Girls Under Twenty-One,
Men Without Souls, and Island of Doomed Men.
* Tarzan's Secret Treasure with Weissmuller and O'Sullivan
was released by MGM
Carter and the Giant of Mars" appeared in Amazing Stories under
ERB's name (the magazine hit the stands on November 10, 1940). A controversy
soon followed as to authorship over this story which was actually written
by John Coleman Burroughs. Hulbert later explained that "Giant" was originally
written as a Whitman
Better Little Book and later expanded into novelette form - although
ERB might have had some input from Honolulu, Jack (perhaps with input from
Whitman editors) did most of the work on it.
January 5-8: The 3,300-word story, "Misogynists
Preferred" was written under the pen name John Tyler McCulloch.
It was rejected in February by Esquire, New Yorker, Romantic Story and
Hillman Periodicals. It was not published until 2001.
January 15: ERB wrote the poem, "The Skunk in Defeat,"
and later "A War-Job Striker To A Soldier."
January 23 - October 7: "Wizard
of Venus," the first of a planned new Venus series, was written.
All magazine submissions were rejected.
February: Two of the world's best-known authors, Ed and fellow-Chicagoan
Ernest Hemingway dined with their wives at the same Honolulu restaurant
but neither introduced himself.
March: "Captured on Venus" appeared in Fantastic Adventures
as "Slaves of the Fish Men" ($472).
March: "The City of Mummies" ("John Carter and the Pits
of Horz") appeared in Amazing Stories.
March 14 or 18: Florence and the kids sailed for the mainland
at noon on the Lurline. Ed had to borrow the money for their fares.
She filed for divorce on July 23. He wrote I Am a Barbarian
Wizard of Venus during this period.
March 20: Ed wrote Bert Weston of having met long-standing fan,
pulp writer, and professional wrestler, Prince Ilaki Ibn Ali Hassan. He
said Florence left the islands because of the increasing Japanese threat.
March 27 (early morning): Tormented over Florence and finances,
Ed had a slight stroke or angina attack in his sleep.
Spring: Ed started writing I
Am A Barbarian.
April 8: Ed's diary entries indicated that he had fallen
into deep depression and complete withdrawal.
April 19: Ed sent Rothmund instructions to be followed after
May 3: Ed swore off drinking. He had lost 11 pounds in the
May 5: The Honolulu Star-Bulletin printed a scathing letter
from ERB in which he blasted the Hawaii Legislature. In a follow up letter
he outlined a plan in which an intelligence test could be administered
to potential leaders to better help the voters choose the best people for
the job of governing.
May 17: Ed noted in his diary that his article concerning
the Legislature was viewed favourably in the governor's office.
June: "Black Pirates of Barsoom" appears in Amazing
Stories. Also included in the issue is the 750-word article, "An
the Authors" by ERB appeared in Amazing Stories
June 1: Recurring bladder condition.
June 2: Ed's old bladder obstruction problems were returning.
June 12: Admitted to hospital for treatment of bladder/urinary
June 13: Sent home but was bedridden for 10 days.
June 22: Doctor advised him to return to hospital but Ed
treated himself with alcohol and went to a baseball game.
June 25: Returned to the hospital for 13 days.
July: "The Fire Goddess" appeared in Fantastic Adventures.
July: "Uncle Miner and Other Relatives" (22,800 words)
was written in and out of hospitals. He signed the preface, "Joe Louis."
The wildly imaginative story was rejected by New Yorker on August 28, 1941
and was never published.
July 2: Ed left the hospital prematurely after treatment
with sulfathhiozal. A recurrence of the illness forced him to return later
in July and August. The doctor suggested that he start drinking again -
the results were not satisfactory.
July 23: Actress Florence Gilbert announced through her attorney
that she was filing a suit for divorce against Edgar Rice Burroughs, the
author, charging him with mental cruelty. The Star Bulletin reported
that Florence had filed for divorce. Ed's legal matters were delegated
July 24: Honolulu Star-Bulletin reported that Ed's
reaction to the divorce announcement was, "News to me."
August: A month of severe health problems - uretha wire insertions,
infections, anti-biotic sulfathhiozal treatments, high temperatures, vomiting,
delirium, and muscular convulsions.
August: "Yellow Men of Mars" appeared in Amazing Stories.
August 1: Ed submitted a letter from longtime fan, Frank
Shonfield, of the English Army, to Life Magazine. It was rejected.
August 12: Ed instructed his children to elect Rothmund as president
of Edgar Rice Burroughs, Inc. and to look after him financially.
August 13: Ed drafted a new will.
August 23 - September 6: Tarzan
and the Castaways appeared as a three-part serial in Argosy. It
was revised and retitled "The Quest of Tarzan" ($450).
September 1: Ed's 66th birthday.
September 7: Hully arrived on the Mariposa for a "vacation"
and to be with his dad. They moved into new quarters at the Niumalu
Fall: Times were good: lazing about, drives, sunbathing, drinks,
fishing, walks, movies, wrestling matches, paddle tennis, etc.
September/October: Ed returned to the hospital for short
October: A 2,400-word article, "Fall of a Democracy,"
was completed. Magazine submissions were turned down and it was never published.
October: "Invisible Men of Mars" appeared in Amazing
Stories. All four of these Mars novelettes appeared in the 1948-ERB, Inc.
October: George's wife Edna died. She had been committed
to a mental institution in August. George invited old friend Lew Sweetser
to share the Fontana home.
October 11: He writes of visiting scenic Hanauma Bay with Hully
where they swam. He expresses disappointment with the Nova/Baer prize fight
-- and boxing matches in general.
October 20: Hulbert reports to Rothmund that he had talked
his father out of drinking so heavily and that his health was much improved.
October 25 - November 20: "The
Skeleton Men of Jupiter," the first of a planned new John Carter
series, was written. It was rejected by Blue Book but appeared in Amazing,
November: "The Living Dead" appeared in Fantastic
Am A Barbarian was completed. It was rejected by McCall's Red Book
and Blue Book as being: "...too gruesome and downbeat a story for us to
consider at this time, can't you give us something a little cheerier?"
December 1: He forwarded more letters for Ralph to file from
Sgt. Shonfeld. With Hully's encouragement Ed stopped drinking and smoking
and his weight was down to 183 -- he expressed irritability since he'd
smoked for 50 years.
December 2: Christmas presents were sent home to the Pierce
grandchildren but Ed can't get into the Christmas spirit. Honolulu is a
poor place to shop. A new Carson of Venus story was started but soon
abandoned because of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
THE JAPANESE ATTACK PEARL HARBOR ~ AMERICA ENTERS
December 7 - 7:55 a.m.: "Watched
Japan bomb Pearl Harbor and Hickam field while we played tennis...."
The old military man was finally in the right place at the right time.
Ed and Hulbert watched the attack from the hotel tennis court, at first
thinking it a military practice exercise. Ed, Hulbert, and friend Anton
Rost volunteered for sentry duty with Patrol 2, Company A, 1st Battalion,
stationed on the wharf warehouse at Honolulu Tuna Packers Ltd. and to patrol
Ward Avenue. Later Ed was assigned to guard and then to escort "enemy aliens"
(Japanese) to the Immigration Station. The march almost killed him.
December 7: Ed reported to Brigadier General Kendall Fielder's
office at General Headquarters and volunteered his services for the war
effort. He was asked to write a humorous series of Laugh It Off columns
for the Honolulu Advertiser and joined the Business Mens' Training Corps
home guard. Ed was extremely proud of his new role of War Correspondent.
December 7: John
Carter of Mars illustrated by John
Coleman Burroughs appeared as a Sunday feature for United Feature Syndicate.
Wartime paper shortage forced its demise in the spring of 1943.
December 12: Ed and Hulbert were attached to G-I at Iolani Palace.
They were serving as chauffeurs, because they each had a car -- Ed's and
one borrowed from Cecile Bumside whose husband commanded a sub at Manila.
They worked from 8-4 and ate dinner at the hotel at 4:30. Early dinner
was the result of island blackout.
December 23: Hulbert expressed his pride in his father in a letter
December 24: Hulbert asked Rothmund to tried to persuade
ERB to return to the mainland as he was reluctant to enlist until his father
December?: In the 2,800-word article "Came the War"
Ed described his and Hulbert's activities during and after the Japanese
Updates will be added to this timeline as more dates become available.
An abbreviated timeline for 1040-1945 and the complete
timeline for 1946-1950
are featured in the ERB Online Timeline Bio
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