Witchcraft 101

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        Goals of a Witch | Pentagram | Philosophy | Self Initiation | Student/Teacher Relationship              Astral Projection | Create a Wand | Esbats | Integrity | Making the Staff | Put Spell Together            Sabbats | Spirituality | Do's and Don'ts | Tarot Arcanas | Tarot Colors | Tarot Spreads | Ethics | Bonewit's Evaluation | Divinations | Being a Leader | Stone Tarot | Tarot Glossary | Casting Sacred Circle | Creed     A Pledge | Seeker's Bill of Rights | I am Pagan | Nature spirit invocation | Meeting Your Guide | Spiritual Helpers | Minors and the Craft | Elements (1) | Elements (2) | Tips for the Solitary

Goals of a Witch

The thirteen goals of a witch as outlined and written by Scott Cunningham

1. Know yourself
2. Know your Craft
3. Learn
4. Apply knowledge with wisdom
5. Achieve balance
6. Keep your thoughts in good order
7. Keep your words in good order
8. Celebrate life
9. Attune with the cycles of the Earth
10. Breathe and eat correctly
11. Exercise the body
12. Meditate
13. Honor the Goddess and God

Pentagram top of page

On the PENTAGRAM -- Astrological Info - * -

The five-pointed star is often represented as the morning star. The descending ray of the Nauvoo Temple's inverted five-point star stones (there is only one surviving example and it is damaged) was extended downward. Such an orientation suggests the rising morning star. This "star" is not a star at all, but the planet Venus. Venus' brightness is a reflection of the sun, which is invisible below the horizon when Venus is at it's brightest. The extended ray points to the source of the morning stars brightness, not the planet itself, but the sun's brilliance.

Through a unique orbital characteristic Venus shares a relationship with the five-pointed star. Carl G. Liungman explains: "If one knows the ecliptic and can pinpoint the present position of the planets in relation to the fixed star of the zodiac, it is possible to mark the exact place in the 360 degrees of the zodiac where the Morning star first appears shortly before sunrise after a period of invisibility. If we do this, waiting for the Morning star to appear again 584 days later (the orbital time of Venus) and mark its position in the zodiac, and then repeat this process until we have five positions of Venus as the Morning star, we will find that exactly eight years plus one day have passed. If we then draw a line from the first point marked to the second point marked, then to the third, and so on, we end up with a pentagram [five-pointed star]" (Dictionary of Symbols, 1991, pp. 333-334). No other celestial object, whether planet or star, has this orbital characteristic; it is wholly unique to Venus (the Morning/Evening Star).

The Pentagram is also associated with Da Vinci's "Universal Man" or "Microcosmic Man" -- his arms and legs outstretched, he forms the upright pentagram.

"David Pine" <pine@online.net>:
The Four Elements in the reverse order, i.e. Fire Water Air Earth are representative of the Four Letters of the Tetragrammaton Yod Heh Vav Heh and also correspond to the Tree of Life Fire - Chokmah; Water - Binah; Air - Tiphareth (actually to the six Sephiroth Chesed through Yesod and centered in Tiphareth) and Earth to Malkuth. By studying them in the order given you are essentially working your way up the Tree. It would likely be best to stick to that order makes sense. also see: Earth (solid), Water (liquid), Air (gas), Fire (plasma) they are ARISTOTELIAN, these elements. Popular with the alchemists and via Aristotle also had QUALITIES lying between them with certain elements keyed to individual qualities thus:


Heat            Dryness         

Wind                                Earth       

Humidity                            Cold                    



Aristotle as per Holmyard (_Alchemy_) and others. 'Humidity' is sometimes called 'Fluidity' or 'Fluid'.


I'd just like to point out that different Traditions often have different associations with where each element is found on the pentagram. The British Tradition (I believe its the same for Gardnerian and Alexandrian) offer the pentagram as: Spirit (top center) now going clockwise: Water/West (top right), Fire/South (bottom right), Earth/North (bottom left) and Air/East (top left). (For anyone who has seen the Azure Green Pentagram poster, ours is the same as the one used on their poster, seems to be a very popular choice for the mainstream Triads, in my opinion) However, the Dianic Grove I belonged to had another set: Spirit (top center), East/Air (top right), South/Fire (bottom right), North/Earth (bottom left) and West/Water (top left) An eclectic witch I know uses a pentagram that is: Spirit (top center), Air/East (top right), Fire/South (bottom right), Water/West (bottom left), and Earth/North (top left). Although another popular choice reverses the Fire and Water. I've seen dozens of other correspondences. Can't say any are better or worse than any others.

from material by Calixto and others)

The five-pointed star is often represented as the morning star. The descending ray of the Nauvoo Temple's inverted five-point starstones (there is only one surviving example and it is damaged) was extended downward. Such an orientation suggests the rising morning star. This "star" is not a star at all, but the planet Venus.

Venus has long been associated with the Pentagram (aka "Pentalpha", since it's composed of five "A's") because from the earth, Venus actually inscribes a Pentacle (5-pointed star) in its apparent "movement" through the heavens. (Dictionary of Symbols, 1991, pp. 333-334). No other celestial object, whether planet or star, has this orbital characteristic; it is wholly unique to Venus (the Morning/Evening Star). Scripturally, Jesus has been associated with Venus as the "Morning and Evening Star".

Venus' brightness is a reflection of the sun, which is invisible below the horizon when Venus is at it's brightest. The extended ray points to the source of the morning star's brightness, not the planet itself, but the sun's brilliance.

The earliest physical evidence of the existence of the pentagram comes from the very place where agricultural civilization is popularly believed to have started. The pentagram was frequently found on potshards and tablets (which have been dated to as early as 3500 BCE) in the location of the Kingdom of Uruk (at the mouth of the Tigris-Euphrates valley). The symbol was found accompanying signs relating to the foundation of written language. There is also evidence that the pentagram was used in ancient Mesopotamia to indicate the seal of royalty, and power which extends to the four corners of the earth.

The pentagram has appeared in myth and folk lore ever since that time. The Greek Pythagoreans (a school of both science and metaphysics, founded by Pythagoras 586-506 BCE) referred to the pentagram as 'pentalpha' because it could also be formed by laying 5 alphas (A) together. The Pentagram became a major mystical symbol in the Mystery school established by Pythagoras in Croton. Pythagoras seems to have learned of the symbol which studying in Egypt. The Pythagoreans viewed the Pentagram as a symbol of wholeness or soundness. It represented Ugieia or Hugieia, which is the root of hygiene. Hugieia also indicates exactly what the Pythagoreans meant by it: soundness or wholeness (which is one meaning of health) or divine blessing. To the Pythagoreans, wholeness was important, and they greeted each other with Hugiaine! ("Be Whole/Sound/Blessed"), instead of Khaire! (the normal greeting meaning "Cheer"). The Pentagram was their symbol of recognition. It was the link to the Divine Aperion or "One which was the source of the Universe." (Interestingly for modern mystics, indications are that the Pentagram was often inscribed "inverted" in this time period without prejudice.) The pentacle was used to represent the four philosophical elements plus spirit. The four elements are caused by the four qualities (hot, dry, cold, and wet). Discussion of these elements can be found in De Caelo by Aristotle. There were also associations with the first five regular solids (the Platonic Solids).

The points also represent various seasons in the year and in life, as well as the phases of the moon. Air was the point associated with spring, childhood, and the 1st quarter of the moon. Fire was
associated with summer, youth and the 2nd quarter of the moon. Earth was associated with autumn, adulthood, and the 3rd quarter of the moon. Water was the element of winter, old age and the 4th quarter of the moon. Spirit was associated with death and the new moon.

Since all of nature could be described in one glyph, it is obvious why the Pythagoreans assigned the name of "Wholeness" to the Pentagram. Wholeness was vital to health in their view. Only by
maintaining the proper balance of the four elements and qualities (as expressed by the four humours) could one maintain health. Also important was the harmony in the union of body and soul (this was
Virtue or Arete). Soundness of mind was a prerequisite for all happiness and prosperity. In one symbol, one found soundness and wholeness in the microcosm, and the macrocosm, and between the two. It is in short, symbolic of Balance, Harmony, the Union of Opposites.

Some sources indicate that the inverted Pentagram was utilized by the Pythagoreans to show that their House or Order was well rooted or founded (the lower point being the root or foundation). These sources also say that the Five Truths on the pentacle were Zoos, Psyche, Physis, Hypopteros Drys, and Dikaion, and were listed clockwise from the bottom point.

The Pentagram is related to a mathematical principle called the "Golden Section" -- a naturally pleasing mathematical relationship symbolized by the pentagram, used in geometry, architecture, and even music. "the human body is divided by the rule of the Golden Section, exactly at the navel. (Lawlor, p. 59). It was therefore used both as a symbol and as a mathematical relationship, extensively in architecture. Many temples and cathedrals have used this to build creations that naturally appeal to human senses of proportion, balance, unity, and beauty.

In late antiquity and in the medieval world, the Pentagram took on a new meaning as well. To Constantine, and others, the Pentagram represented the five wounds of Christ (the scourges, the crown of thorns, the nails, and the spear; or alternatively, the four wounds from the nails plus the spear wound). Constantine used the symbol extensively as his personal seal and amulet. He had even considered making it the official symbol of Christianity. This did not happen, although the Pentagram continued to be used in the manner in the medieval time period to represent Christ's sacrifice. If things had gone slightly differently, Christians would be wearing the Pentagram around their necks, not crosses.

At this time too, the Pentagram was associated with the Seasons. The upright Pentagram represented the summer season, while the inverted Pentagram represented the winter season. Jewish mystics associated the Pentagram with the five books of the Pentateuch. They also associated a vertical rhombus with the four letters of the Holy Name, Tetragrammaton YHVH. This is the name of Yahweh or Jehovah.

The Jews attribute the pentagram to the five books of the Pentateuch (first 5 books of the Bible). The Muslims attribute the pentagram to the five pillars of faith and the five times of daily prayer. The symbol is prevalent throughout Islam and is featured both upright and inverted. Within Christianity the pentagram symbolizes the 5 wounds of Christ on the cross. In it's inverted form it is said to point the way to the Nativity -- the birth of the Christ child; and is also referred to as St. Peter's Cross. According to legend, St. Peter considered himself unworthy to be crucified upright as was Jesus, so instead he was crucified upside down.

One of the last Pagan Roman Emperors, Constantine (who converted to Christianity on his death bed in the mid 300's CE) used the pentacle as the symbol of his royal office. In Arthurian legend the pentagram was emblazoned in gold upon the shield of Sir Gawain and symbolized his mastery of the 5 virtues (generosity, courtesy, chastity, chivalry and piety). In the legend and thence forth throughout England the pentagram is known as the "Endless Knot".  In Freemasonry the pentagram or 5 pointed "Seal of Solomon", is associated with Man as Microprosopus.

Leonardo de Vinci's "universal man" is often seen with his arms and legs outstretched, and along with his head, all five forming the "points" of the Pentacle -- also know as the "Microcosm" of the
Universal macrocosm. Jesus has been associated with this as the ultimate "Universal man".

In Christian Kabbalism (Kabbalah is a Jewish mystical system, it was somewhat altered and developed into a Christian metaphysical-mystical system during the Renaissance and later) there was another
association for the Pentagram. In Hebrew, Jesus' name can be represented as YHShVH or YHVShH ("Yeshua" or "Yehovashah"). These five Hebrew letters can be placed around the points of the
Pentagram, just as the Pythagoreans placed UGIEIA - UGIQA around the Pentagram. This fact, and the association with the wounds of Christ meant that this symbol was still very holy to these thinkers.

Throughout the ancient world, and past the Renaissance, the Pentagram was drawn either upright or inverted without any real preference. There was no real regard for orientation of the Pentagram, and the inverted Pentagram can be seen without any negative connotation in Masonic imagery, and even as the symbol of the attainment of the Second Degree in Wicca (which has many commonalties to the Craft of the Masons).

The first person who applied a negative connotation to the inverted Pentagram was Eliphas Levi (Alphonse Louis Constant, a French Catholic deacon who lived from 1810-1875)). He was the first to
argue that the "upright" Pentagram was associated with good, and the "inverted" Pentagram was associated with evil. He drew a diagram that displayed the two Pentagrams side by side. In the upright Pentagram, he drew the figure of a man. This man is the microcosm. Spirit is shown topmost and honored, dominant over the physical elements of earth, air, fire and water. This was the symbol of good, he argued. In the inverted Pentagram, Levi drew the head of a goat. Matter is honored above spirit, the passive and base exalted above the active and Divine. The goat's head represents lust, and reinforces the image. Around the goat's head, Levi wrote the words SAMAEL and LILITH, the two chief demons of Hebrew Kabbalistic thought. The Pentagram was associated by Levi with a creature he claimed to be the Baphomet supposedly worshipped by the Knights Templar.

Due to the church's persecution of anyone who posed a political threat, the Masons were forced to flee to the border of Poland and Germany, which had become a gathering place for free thinkers of all
kinds. Many spiritual organizations derive their history from that time and place, and so too does the dissemination of the pentagram's symbolism into Western spiritual-metaphysical usage.

Oswald Wirth drew a variation of this Pentagram with a double circle around the Pentagram. In the circle he placed the letters LVYThN (Leviathan) counter-clockwise around the Pentagram at the points. Maurice Bessy used this design for the cover of his book Histoire en 1000 images de la magie. An English edition was printed in 1964 and this was acquired by Anton Szandor LaVey. LaVey traced this image, and used it as his "Baphomet" symbol for his Church of Satan. It was the perfect representation of indulgence, hedonism, and defiance of "white light" religion and Christianity (by Baphomet's association with heresy). LaVey threw in a new interpretation as well, that the three points down indicates that the Trinity is denied, while two points up represents duality.

It is around this time that the Inquisition horrifically tortured and murdered hundreds of thousands of women, children and men, who supposedly consorted with a cloven-hoofed devil. Thus began the demonization of what had long been a *revered* symbol within many Spiritual systems -- including Christianity.

The pentagram was particularly popular in the British traditions of Freemasonry in the 18th and 19th centuries and is still often used to represent the seated Master of the Lodge. .... In the case of the Order of the Eastern Star, each point of the pentagram represents a heroine of Biblical lore (and also associated with Goddesses of pre-Biblical times).

Another aspect to consider is the Numerology (an ancient metaphysical science/art) of the Pentacle. The number 5 corresponds to 'change' according to the contemporary Pythagorean system. In
Kabbalistic thought (the Kabbalah is the Jewish mystical system) the number 5 corresponds to the sephiroth Geburah (glory). Geburah is in turn associated with the planet Mars (named after the Roman God of agricultural, who in later Classical times also became God of war). Thus the pentacle has been used in modern military and para-military symbolism -- on uniforms, badges, etc.

The Pentacle became associated with the 5 sacred elements: (in Western useage: air, water, fire, earth, and Spirit. (In some metaphysical systems, such as Wicca, the point facing upward symbolizes Spirit above/ ruling over the other elements; downward, it symbolizes Spirit not yet "over" the others.). In the Oriental systems, the elements are Wood, Fire, Earth, Metal and Water. The elements did and still do have an important place in the various African Traditional Religions amoungst the Bantu, Fon, and others of the Kongo delta region including their contemporary diasporia, as well as among the Celtic tribes, and Amerindians.

In contemporary America the symbol of the pentagram has gained the most notoriety through the works of Anton Zandor LaVey (founder of the "church of Satan"). LaVey borrowed almost entirely from the illustrations of Francis Barret and Eliphas Levi, and subsequently lumped them together to create the modern association between the inverted pentacle and the goat head. Plus, since the Pentagram in general is linked to *mystery religions*, magic and alchemy, it is also considered Satanic.

Fundamentalist Christians simplistically and *erroneously* take Anton LaVey and Eliphas Levi as absolute authorities on the history of the Pentagram. As a result, any inverted Pentagram is immediately a dead give-away that the owner or user is evil or Satanic. (Never mind that no one held this view before Levi wrote in the mid 19th century).

Meanwhile, looking at things from an older, non-dualistic point of view, we can make an observation on the inverted Pentagram as currently conceived: While it is generally viewed as evil because it exalts matter over spirit, spirit is still on the Pentagram. It is now buried, or hidden beneath matter. It can (symbolically) be reached by the means of an *underworld*/ "Otherworld" journey, as a shaman would undertake. There one confronts death and the Shadow. By confronting death and the Shadow, and dealing with them, one finds oneself in the womb of Mother Earth, one now finds Wholeness again... -- or as Mormons might say, in the position of potential rebirth and renewal, and then on, to justification, sanctification and exaltation -- through the power of Jesus Christ.

Thus, we see the power of symbols -- we can let them speak to us and teach us great insights, if we but seek with open minds, hearts and spirits.

written by Calixto M. Lopez with additions and comments by Gaia, and others

Philosophy of Witchcraft top of page

The Craft is a religion of love and joy. It is not full of gloom of Christianity, with its ideas of "original sin," with salvation and happiness possible only in the afterlife. The music of Witchcraft is joyful and lively, again contrasting with the dirge-like hymns of Christianity. Much of it has to do with their empathy with nature. Early people lived hand-in-hand with nature through necessity. They were apart of nature, not separate from it. An animal was a brother or a sister, as was a tree. Wo/Man tended the fields and in returned received food for the table. Sure, she/he killed animals for food, but then many other animals killed other animals for food. In other words, Wo/Men were a part of the natural order of things, not separate from it, not "above" it.

Modern Wo/Man has lost much, it not all, of that closeness. Civilization has cut them off. But not so the Witch! Even today, in this mechanized, super-sophisticated world that this branch of nature (women and men) had created, the Wicca retain their ties with Mother Nature. In books we are told of the "incredible," "extraordinary" health reaction of plants to kindness; of how they feel and react to good and evil; how they express love, fear, hate. This is no new discovery. Witches have always known it. They have always spoken kindly to plants. It is not unusual to see a Witch, walking through the woods, stop and hug a tree or see a Witch throw off her shoes and walk barefooted across a ploughed field. This is all part of keeping in touch with nature, of not losing their heritage.

Take time to stop and appreciate all that is about you. Smell the earth, the trees, and the leaves. Absorb their energies and send them yours. One of the contributing factors to out isolation from the
rest of nature is in insulation of our shoes. Whenever you can go barefoot, make contact with the earth. Feel it, absorb it. Show your respect and love for nature and live with nature. In the same way live with other people. There are many that you need, in the course of your life, which could benefit from their encounter with you. Always be ready to help another in any way you can. Don't ignore anyone, or look the other way when you know they need help. If you can give assistance, give it gladly. At the same time do not seek to take charge of another's life. We all have our own lives. If you are able to give help, to advise, to point the way, than do so. It'll than be up to the other to decide how to proceed from there.

Student/Teacher  top of page

A Teacher to His/Her Students

Hear what I have to say, you who have asked me to be your teacher -- one who will help you learn the Old Ways.

I will tell you many things during the time we are together. None is more important for you to remember than this: I am Human.

I have studied for a long time and I've learned a great deal. I will share as much of it with you as I can.

But I am Human.

I will always try to live up to the faith and trust you have in me.

But I am Human.

What does that mean? It means that I am not perfect. If I were, I wouldn't be here. None of us is perfect. I have faults and I am probably more aware of them than you are.

It means that I don't know, or claim to know, everything. I know a great deal about certain subjects but I am not omniscient. It is entirely possible, indeed, probable, that there are areas where you know much more than I. I'm always learning, but so should you be. I hope to continue learning through this life and others.

It means I can't do everything, physically or psychically. I have only so much time, only so much energy, physically and psychically. It means I need your help and encouragement as much, if not more, than you need mine. It means I can, and probably will be, unreasonable, irritable and short tempered at times. I'll try not to be, but you might see me that way.

It means I can succumb to any of various temptations. I can lose my perspective, I can be jealous, selfish and materialistic. I hope I won't be, but these are all things "flesh is heir to," human traits.

And I am Human.

Don't expect me to be anything else. Don't worship me or look at me in awe. You'll only be disappointed and I have seen that disappointment cause someone to leave their rightful path. Work with me, share with me, help me, and in return you can expect all the love and understanding I have.

I am Human.

Whatever you do, don't forget that.

And in the name of all we both hold sacred, DON'T LET ME!

(from the files of Lady Rhea)

Self Initiation top of page

Self-Dedication/Initiation from Celtic/oak/druid

An initiation is an inner experience. A ceremony such as this can only act as an aid or catalyst for this inner process. For this reason the right moment and attitude when performing this ceremony are vital. Only your Inner Self and Guides can tell whether the right moment has arrived. At any time you may also apply to receive the Initiation at a Grove meeting of the Order. The ceremony appears to be simple, but in its very simplicity lies its depth and its power. If you perform the ceremony, you perform it solely for yourself.

In the centre of a room or garden or forest grove where you can be assured of quiet and privacy, place a candle, and other things if you wish, such as flowers and incense. If outside you may light a small
fire rather than a candle.

Enter from the West. Circling sunwise (clockwise), salute the North (by raising the palm of your hand upward in salutation) and say "May there be Peace in the North." Continuing sunwise, go to the South and say "May there be Peace in the South." Likewise to the West, then to the East. Turning to the centre, from the West, open both hands in a gesture of giving and salutation and say "May there be Peace throughout the whole world."

Recite the Druid Prayer:
Grant, O God /dess, thy Protection
And in protection, Strength
And in Strength, Understanding
And in Understanding, Knowledge
And in Knowledge, the Knowledge of Justice
And in the Knowledge of Justice, the Love of it
And in the love of it, the Love of all Existences
And in the love of all existences, the Love of God and all Goodness.

Move sunwise to the West, be seated there, facing East and the centre. Calm yourself and await the inner sense that you can proceed.

Imagine a wise and kindly Druid, male or female, facing you, speaking the following words: (You may read them aloud softly if you wish)

Druid: See we lead you to the heart of the temple-tomb, to the heart of the Earth-Mother. (Pause. Now crouch in a kneeling or fetal position in the centre of your circle. Do not hurry. Ask each of the following questions slowly and allow the answer to arise from the depths of your being. Pay attention to whatever the answer is, even if unexpected.)
Druid: Are you prepared to awaken from your sleep? (You answer)
Druid: Are you prepared to be fully born upon the earth? (You answer)
Druid: Will you accept the sufferings you will experience with life on earth? (You answer)
Druid: Will you accept the love and the joy you will experience with life on earth? (You answer. The pause)
Druid: Stand up, for now is the time ordained for your birth. Rise up, push away all that limits and holds you back! Be born into the world of time and space in order that you may experience the bliss of the Creation. (Rise up and stretch out your arms and legs and feel the joys of freedom of movement for your body)
Druid: Welcome to the Fellowship of the Grove of the Bards - the first of the Sacred Groves of the Order of Bards, Ovates, and Druids. Here may your find support and inspiration, nourishment and joy!

You may then spend time in meditation, or you may wish to finish the ceremony. When you feel ready to finish, visualize the world bathed in healing light. Say the prayer: "May the whole World be filled with Peace and Love and Light" three times.

Become aware of your physical body and surroundings. Stand and say the prayer: "May the blessing of the Uncreated One, of his Son/Daughter the Created Word and of the Spirit that as Inspirer be
always with me. I declare the closing of this Initiation into the Bardic Grade. Awen." (Pronounced AAH-O'O-EN - The significance of this sacred word and `mantra' of the Druids will be discussed later.) Then extinguish the candle, and as you do so, visualize the Light spreading out across the Earth.

Dragon Phoenix

Astral Projection top of page

Astral Projection, out of body experience, lucid dreaming Don't you want to know what the other side will be like?

We all leave our physical bodies when we go to sleep at night. You may have thought you were dreaming when actually you out of body traveling 'round the astral planes. For instance if you were dreaming in full blown color and maybe flying or falling. In these scenarios you would be actually be astral projecting. You can learn to consciously leave the body by using my porthole device or you can use my dream control method, or maybe this method here. Just so you know, there are many different methods to induce an out of body experience. There is no best method. The best method is whatever works best for you. Here is one simple method that is easy to learn.

1. Simply lay down with the lights off. Make sure you are completely relaxed. Lie there and be quite and still, calm and clear your mind.

2. Imagine your astral body which may look like grey matter shaped in the form of your body. Imagine it lifting and floating out of your body, floating up to the ceiling in your room.

3. Turn and look down and try to see you body lying there. If you are successful you may want to stay in the room and float around a bit, staying close to the body. Or you can choose to walk through walls and travel to where ever you wish to go. You can fly there or you can will yourself there instantly.

Here are some pointers.

***Watch what you think. Everything you think can manifest on the astral planes. So you don't want to be thinking about anything evil or you will attract it!

***Anytime you think you are scared and or lost, just think of your body and you will be back in it in a flash.

***Ever notice that when you are falling in a dream and you hit the bottom you always wake up quickly! That is your astral body snapping back into place.

***The use of drugs can lower your vibrations meaning you will not be able to travel to higher astral planes where the vibrations are higher.

***The reason you will want to travel higher on the astral planes is because you may have to escape an attack by a lower vibrating entity. They can not travel to the higher planes.

I will go more into depth on the Astral planes at a later time.

Are you ready to try the...
Astral Accelerator Portal Device? The Astral Accelerator is for producing conscious OBE's for people who are experienced at projecting and for those who are still learning. This will help you to center your mental focus by concentrating on the center ring. This is the door where you will go through. When staring at this device try to see past the door and you will feel the magnetic pull of the out rings pulling you in. Even if you don't consciously project you will at least feel the magnetic pull and you can try to simulate that when you lay down in bed and try the last method I discussed.

The Dream Control Method...
Learn to realize you are having an out of body experience through dream control!

First you will want to study my dream control methods on my Dream Recall page! Then when you have become successful with that part of dream control , you will be ready for this part...

You need to advance your dream techniques to where you realize that you are dreaming so that you can control the dream. Once you realize that you are dreaming you will find that you can control where you want to go and what you want to do. Now I am talking about when you have a dream that is in full blown color. Those type of dreams usually mean that your are actually out of body. You see when people go to sleep at night their astral bodies leave and float around the astral planes in a dreamy state or gathering energy. Sometimes you may be learning things from other higher beings and eventually it is released in your conscious state later on when these beings think the time is right. You just have to become conscious of all this. Remember dreams that are in black and white are usually just plain dreams. They can be controlled too but you are going to get the best results with the ones in full color. Here are your key pointers...
***Work with dreams that are in full blown color.

***You must learn to become conscious during the dream.

***Try to take control of the dream and go where you wish.

***When you have achieved control you will know you have had an OBE!

***Remember to keep a diary of every experience.

I will have more on the astral planes and how they work soon as time allows.

This information was totally designed by 1998 PUZUZU

Create a Wand top of page

Since I am an artist and summoned, let me give everyone interested in making their own wand some ideas............

Get a wooden dowel from the hardware store or an arm's length stick from an oak, apple, or dogwood tree (if you have another 'special' tree in mind- go for it!) Look up meanings for colors and paint the stick with the color you choose *I have found that colors are important* Go to your local department/general, craft, art, fabric store and buy the small copper wire they sell (usually for making beaded necklaces- make sure it is written on the package that the wire is copper!) It will make this whole process easier if you purchase some needle nose pliers (with wire-cutter blades built in at the pliers joint)!!! Trust me on this one- they will be a tremendous help!!! Now get yourself a small clear crystal and with some strong glue (like Goop or even glue from a 'hot glue gun') and attach the small crystal to the tip of your stick. Let dry overnight. The next day, wrap the copper wire tightly, securing the crystal and continue wrapping the copper wire snugly for the whole length of your stick *Copper is very important for transcending energy in magic as well as the crystal.* Be sure to glue the ends of the copper wire to your stick after you wind it around your stick (if you do not glue it as well as 'tying it off' at the ends, it will loosen itself eventually). I suggest charging this wand under a new moon (when the moon is full and in the following nights it will rebuild itself / known as 'waxing'). Leave it under the new moon for 3 hours or the whole evening. I even suggest before putting in under the moon to prick you finger and rub your blood on the length of the wand and say a few chants you find meaningful.

I just wanted to put it out there that some people just don't ever make a wand. There are a lot of pagans who make wands for purchase. Often, if you see one that you like, but it's not quite right,
you can find out who made it, and request that one be made that is a bit more personal to you. Any good pagan artisan will make sure the wand has not been charged but is clean. You would still want
to do a basic cleansing before blessing and charging your wand. Just my $.02
Blessed Be,
Thea Witchcraft for Adults egroup

Esbats top of page

The Esbats Wren Walker/Witchvox

When our earliest ancestors first painted images of their religious rituals on the walls of sacred caves and understood all of Nature to be inhabited by Spirit, there can be little doubt that they first reckoned time by the waxing and waning of the Moon. The primary reason for this is that the monthly cycles of the Moon are far more visible than the slow and subtle changes in the position of the Sun, even to someone who is not especially looking for repeated cycles. One of the earliest calendars known (although its use is still a controversy that may never be settled) is a 30,000 year-old piece of bone from Europe. It is pierced with variously shaped holes in a series of sevens, suggesting the quarters of the Moon, in a loop design, which represents the Lunar cycle from New Moon to Full and back to the New or Dark of the Moon. The artifact, just a few inches across, describes three such Lunar cycles - three months or one season.

Because there are 13 Lunar months in a year, and because the first New Moon does not necessarily coincide with the first day of the first Solar month, the Full Moon, midpoint of the lunar month, may not always fall in the Solar month that is given here. And because there are 13 Full Moons in a Solar year, one month will have two. The second Full Moon to occur in a Solar month is popularly called the Blue Moon.


To each Lunar month the ancients assigned a name in accordance with the nature of the activity that took place at that time. The Moon of deepest Winter is the Wolf Moon, and its name recalls a time when our ancestors gathered close around the hearth fire as the silence of the falling snow was pierced by the howling of wolves. Driven by hunger, wolves came closer to villages than at any other time of the year, and may have occasionally killed a human being in order to survive. The wolf in northern countries was at one time so feared that it became the image of Fenris, the creature of destruction that supposedly will devour the world at the end of time. The Christian version of the myth would leave it at that, but the myth continues. Like the wolf in the fairy tale of Little Red Ridinghood, which preserves the full idea of the myth but is used only to frighten children, the wolf is slain; and the grandmother, like the world, is brought forth once more. As the light of the newborn year slowly increases and the Wolf Moon waxes full, it is a good time to look back upon that which has just ended and learn from our experiences. Bid the past farewell and let it go in order to receive the year that has just been born. Learning to let go of that which we would cling to is one of the greatest secrets of magick.


The Moon following the Wolf Moon is the Storm Moon. Whether you meet with a coven on the night of the Full Moon, salute Her in a solitary ritual, or simply blow Her a kiss, bear in mind the magick of this night and the nature of the storms of February. Unlike the boisterous storms of the light half of the year, which are accompanied by the clashing of thunder and the flinging of lightning bolts, the storms of February come in silence. They blanket the world in coldness in keeping with the nature of the dark half of the Wheel of the Year. But beneath the blanket of cold and silent snow, Nature rests, as we do when in the realm of the Spirit that is called death; and like those in the world of Spirit, Nature prepares for life anew.


The Moon following the Storm Moon is the Chaste Moon. Like Diana, chaste Goddess of the Moon, all of Nature at this moment is pure potential waiting to be fulfilled. The Goddess has many forms: The maiden pure and lovely as the snow of February, the seductive enchantress of the night, or the Crone ancient and wise. As the Goddess can change Her form according to the Moon or according to Her will, ever renewing Herself, ever beginning again, so can we, Her children always begin again by discovering new potential within ourselves. When you cast the Circle of the Chaste Moon, when the candles have been lit and the incense burned, look deep within yourself to discover what potential lies there waiting, like the Maiden, to be fulfilled. As it is the time for the planting of seeds on the material plane, so may it be time to do so on the psychic planes as well. On the night that the Seed Moon (another name for the Chaste Moon) of March is full, cast your magick Circle. Then before the rite has ended, select the spiritual seeds you would like to plant. They may be seeds of wisdom, seeds of understanding, or seeds of certain magickal skills. Then by an act of will, plant these seeds in the fertile soil of your subconscious mind with the firm commitment that they will be nurtured and cultivated in the months that lie ahead, so that they will grow and flower and bear fruit.


As the Hare Moon of April waxes full, observe the rabbits leaping and playing, carefree in their mating and joyful in their games, and as you cast your Esbat Circle and joyfully dance the round, feel within your heart the carefree nature of the wild creatures that are also children of the Old Gods.


This time of the Sacred Marriage of the God and Goddess is the Dyad Moon, the time when the two become one, when all things meet their opposites in perfect balance and in perfect harmony. As you cast your Circle this night of the Dyad Moon, adorn it with apple blossoms, and light candles of white. When the sacred round has been danced, sit a moment and reflect. Seek harmony in all things. As the dark half of the Wheel of the Year balances the light, as heat balances cold, recall the words of the Goddess; "Let there be beauty and strength, power and compassion, honor and humility, mirth and reverence, within you." And then before the rite is ended, if it is appropriate, become one with your working partner, physically as well as spiritually.


After the spectacular flowers of May have passed and the bees have gathered their pollen and nectar, the hives are filled with honey that is waiting to be gathered. In ancient times much of this honey was made into a drink called mead by a fermentation process similar to that of making wine. The "Moon in June" is the Mead Moon. Mead has been considered to have magickal and even life-restoring properties in many of the countries of ancient Europe, and it was the drink of many of the great heroes of legend. The legendary figure Robin Hood, who is accepted historically as being a composite of several peasant leaders during the reign of King Richard I, is also generally accepted by Pagans as being one of us. One reason is that Robin was a popular Witch name, and also because he was always described as being dressed in green, symbolic of the Green Man of Sherwood Forest. Lincoln green, which is made from woad, the dyestuff used by the Picts of ancient Britain and the Druid priestesses, is also a color that symbolizes, historically, the Pagan peasantry. Among the articles robbed from the rich by Robin Hood are "met and met." This probably means "meat and mead." In the myth of Odin, one of His quests is for the Poetic Mead of Inspiration, which He returns to the realm of the Gods where it belongs, but a few drops fall to Earth, and this may be had by anyone who can find them. On the night that the Mead Moon waxes full, after the Circle has been cast and dancing done, fill the cup with mead (if it is available), sweet wine, or an herb tea sweetened with honey. Sip the sweet drink and sit quietly and make yourself a vessel ready to receive the inspiration of the higher realms. Become a mead cup ready to be filled, not with the brew of everyday life but with the clear, bright liquid of illumination. Every time this ritual is performed, even if there are no immediate results, you are becoming a more perfect vessel for divine inspiration. If the night of the Mead Moon is very close to the Summer Solstice, the results of this exercise can be very powerful. If the Mead Moon is full on Midsummer Night, then the priestess into whom the Moon is Drawn should be prepared.


As the Wort Moon of July waxes full, this is the time for gathering of herbs. The word wort is old Anglo-Saxon for "herb." When the magickal herbs have been gathered and hung to dry, the time of the Wort Moon is the time to give thanks to the spirits who dwell in the herb garden, and to leave them an offering. Perhaps as you place an offering in the moonlit garden, they will whisper to you other secrets of herbal magick.


One day at mid-month we realize that the robins and wrens that were nesting nearby have simply vanished. Their lovely songs have been replaced by the shrill calls of the blue jays, which were so silent during the nesting season. As August progresses the days are still hot but nighttime temperatures are beginning to cool, and the late afternoon thunderstorms that bring the cooler air also bring about the ripening of tomatoes. In the fields and meadows and along roadsides now there are wild herbs to be gathered. There are goldenrod, Queen Anne's lace, and milkweed - all awaiting the natural dyer who can extract from them tan, green, and bright yellow respectively, for dyes and for natural inks for talismans. Among the medicinal herbs to be collected at this time is boneset, which does not help broken bones to heal but is a febrifuge that was used as a remedy for "Breakbone Fever" in the 1840s. Milkweed pods with their silken fluff, goldenrod, and wild grasses and grains gathered now will be dried in time to adorn the altar at the Autumnal Equinox. As the Aramaic herbs begin to fill the rafters in the dry heat of the attic, and the braids of onions and garlic fill the cool darkness of the root cellar, the golden grain and yellow corn ripen in the fields under the waning August Sun. To the Ancients this was the Barley Moon, a time to contemplate the eternalness of life. Just as we are descended from the first woman and the first man, who descended from the Gods, so is the grain of the bread that we eat descended from the first grain ever gathered? By ritually eating the Lammas bread we are participating in a chain of events that stretches back through time to the Gods themselves. And here before us in the ripening fields is the promise of the future. Everywhere there is abundance - in herb garden, the vegetable garden, the field, and the orchard. The pantry shelves are lined with glistening glass jars that are filled with colorful fruits and vegetables preserved for Winter days; quarts of red tomatoes, cucumbers in slices or spears, dark red beets with cloves and cinnamon sticks, the yellow of corn, the orange of carrots - a feast for the eyes as well as the palate. The house is filled with delightful aromas as pickling spices are added to crocks of brine and exotic chutneys simmer on the stove. But the time of abundance is drawing to a close. The fireflies of June and July have given way to katydids, whose scratchy calls to one another fill the evening air of August with the promise of frost in six weeks.


Since wine was, and is, such a sacred fluid, the Pagans of old naturally named this Lunar month the Wine Moon. As you celebrate the night of the Full Wine Moon and dance the magickal round in the moonlit Circle, pour some white wine in a silver cup. Before the rite is ended, if possible, catch Her reflection in the liquid, and then take a sip. As the Moon-blessed wine casts its inner glow, sit quietly and feel your own spirit, of which the wine is a symbol. As the body is stilled and the spirit soars, feel on this night of magick a sense of the kind of transformation that takes place during true spiritual initiation. Today the term Harvest Moon is applied to the Full Moon nearest to the Autumnal Equinox. This is because, it is said, in other times when harvesting was done by hand, as the days grew shorter farmers were able to work into the night in the brightness of Her light.


At this time of year the abundance of fruit and vegetables begins to slow. It is a time when our ancient ancestors gathered what they could store and then supplemented their Winter diets either by hunting wild animals or by slaughtering domestic ones. So this Lunar month is called the Blood Moon. As you cast the Esbat Circle on this moonlit Autumn night and fill the cup with blood-red wine, know that you will be joined in the sacred dance not only by the unseen presence of departed friends and family so close at this time of year, but also by the spirits of animals as well, perhaps of those that have died so that we may have food. In this age of assembly line slaughterhouses and meatpacking plants, it is especially appropriate that on this night of the Blood Moon we who are on the Pagan path ritually ask the understanding of our animal sisters and brothers, bless them, and bid them merry meet, merry part, and merry meet again.


As the Winter Sun wanes and the Snow Moon waxes full, cast your Circle in the warm glow of candlelight. Salute the Moon in Her snowy whiteness and breathe in the coolness of Her light. Become as still as this Winter night, and know that the activity of the warm light months is behind us. Ahead are the dark months of the year. The Spirit is most active when the body is most still.


The Full Moon nearest the Winter Solstice is the Oak Moon, the Moon of the newborn year, the Divine Child. Like the Divine Child who is born to die and dies to be reborn anew, the ancient Oak has its trunk and branches in the material world of the living, while its roots, the branches in reverse, reach deep into the Underworld, symbolic land of the Spirit. As the roots probe downward into the gravelike darkness of the Earth, its branches grow ever upward toward the light, to be crowned by sacred Mistletoe. At this most magickal time of the year, as the light of the old dying year wanes and the Oak Moon waxes to full, cast your Circle wearing Mistletoe in your hair. Let this token remind you that like the Oak, we too dwell simultaneously in two worlds - the world of physical matter and the world of Spirit. As you invoke the Goddess of the Moon, ask that you become ever more aware of the other side of reality and the unseen forces and beings that are always among us.

Integrity top of page

Integrity... Making that choice! by Wren Walker
(taken from http://www.witchvox.com/xbasics.html)

Since its inception, the Witches' Voice, has been barraged with email asking the simple question... "How do I become a Witch"? Although, it has never been the mission of the Witches' Voice to actually teach Witchcraft we find ourselves constantly shocked at the awful responses the Teenage Witch or new seeker receives from many that "claim" themselves "elders" of the craft. For this we apologize. We will never preach or claim to "have the answer". There are indeed many paths and many ways, it is our goal to give you the tools to get started and what to look out for.

What? Are YOU Still Here?

You have probably noticed -astute students that you are!- that I have made little mention of the Gods and Goddesses in this series. In fact, early on I cautioned you to NOT make a commitment to the Old Ones just yet. There is a real reason for this and it is now time to discuss it.

There has been a small but insistent clamor lately from those who wonder why no one is teaching the "deeper" things of the Craft. The first reason is that these are difficult issues to write about. The second reason is that they are even more difficult to actually work through. And the third reason? (I'm Celtic-I think in threes!) These are the issues that will determine if Witchcraft is really the religion for you.

You may think that you are sure already. "Of course, Witchcraft is for me! Why would I have been studying this for a year and a day if I didn't think this was my Path?", you may exclaim. Well, hold off on that impassioned vow. A few more moments will not make a difference... or will it?

What you have been DOING so far is studying and practicing. What you have been LEARNING is what all this study and practice means to YOU. You have been forming your own sense of...


What is "Integrity"? According to the Oxford English Dictionary, "integrity" means "The condition of having no part or element taken away or wanting; undivided or unbroken state; material wholeness; completeness; entirety." Or better still, "The condition of not being marred or violated; unimpaired or uncorrupted; a condition of soundness."

That is what you have been learning to do in the previous lessons. You have been doing exercises that have helped you to form your own 'faculty of judgment', your own 'condition of soundness'. You have been working on building your personal integrity. You have to know what it is that you believe before you can make a decision on what is right or wrong for you.

Many problems that now exist in the Pagan community would probably never have come about if more people had taken the time and made the honest effort to find out if Witchcraft really was for them BEFORE they made a commitment to it. Instead they find themselves in situations where they are forced to either, 1. admit that they made a wrong choice, or 2. try to change the religion to fit them. Instead of Witchcraft transforming them, some attempt to transform Witchcraft to suit their particular needs and desires. They are 'continually re-inventing' Witchcraft and Wicca to suit themselves!


If you have decided that Wicca is your religion of choice, you have committed yourself to following its basic principles. One of these principles is, of course, the Rede. If you are promising to abide by the precepts of "And It Harm None..", have you worked out what you would do if someone attacked you? Attacked your child? Does "harm none" mean you should become a vegetarian? Do you think that it is even possible to "harm none?" Well, that is what you are promising to do, isn't it?

Traditional Witchcraft may not have a "Rede" of its own, but Witches were known as the "Wise Ones" for a good reason. They were respected. They were fair. They were healers. They helped the community. They changed things. They made good decisions. They didn't promise what they could not deliver and they delivered what they promised. It is still the same today.

Too often folks make a promise in haste and then spend countless hours justifying why they had to break that promise "just this once" because of "conditions beyond their control." They have their reasons-lots and lots of reasons. Truth is, they just didn't give enough thought to their commitment BEFORE they made it. If you haven't given serious thought and reflection to both the results and obligations contained within a promise, do not make one! And most certainly not to the Gods...

"If someone turned your body over to just any person who happened to meet you, you would be angry. But are you not ashamed that you turn over your own FACULTY OF JUDGMENT to whoever happens along...'-Epictetus


1. The ability to discern what is right and what is wrong.

This requires reflection, time and effort. It is a difficult process but one which cannot be avoided by anyone who truly wants to be a spiritual person. How much easier it is to find someone else to tell us what to do, what to read, what to think and how to act! But then, who would actually be living your life? Who would be in control? Who is pulling the strings? If you don't think that you would enjoy being a puppet, then you simply must find out where your limits are, what you believe to be correct behavior and what you yourself are willing-and unwilling- to do.

Whether there is an "absolute" right or wrong is something that theologians and philosophers have been wrangling with for centuries. In fact the very thought that they could be wrong keeps many people from being willing to take a stand on anything at all!

The possibility that you may be wrong is lessened by careful study, investigation and thought. Of course, you may be honest about a belief. Later you may find out that you were honestly wrong! However, approaching each subject with an open mind; examining all the possibilities, answering all the 'what ifs" will help you sort this out. Make no mistake about it, this is the most difficult process that you will ever undertake.

Most people and societies do agree that some things are just "more" right than others. (You need to find out the measure of your own "rightness quotient". You need to do the work of creating your personal code of behavior and ethics. Then you can hold that as a standard for decisions on what religion, what group or what Path is correct for you. And you thought that just finding a coven was hard! Finding the right coven, the right place, the right religion can change your life for the better. The wrong choice can be devastating.

If you have not done this work, then you are basically leaving yourself open to follow anything or anyone -and to do anything that they tell you. Witchcraft and Wicca are religions of personal power and responsibility. If you are not willing to do the work of discernment and introspection-to formulate a set of integrated values for yourself-then Witchcraft and Wicca are probably not for you.


2. Acting on what you have discerned even at personal cost.

Suppose the teacher that you have been studying with begins to introduce issues or behaviors that you just don't feel are "right'. Suppose that you now find that having sexual relations are a part of this group's workings? What if suddenly this loving coven wants you to do a death spell against someone who has given another coven mate a hard time? What about that "harm none' thing? What if you do not want to participate in this activity? But what if, by refusing to participate, you can no longer be part of this group? What will you do?

You may have put a lot of time and effort into a group. You may have even been initiated or attained a degree. These people are your friends-maybe you even think of them as your 'family." Now you face losing all this and starting over. The group may say bad things about you if you leave. You may lose your friends and their support. You have to decide- do you stay and compromise your own code of right and wrong? Do you leave? Where is your soundness, your faculty of judgment, your integrity now?

The truth is that most of us cannot say whether we really possess integrity until we are tested on it. Doing what we believe to be right-determined by the hard work of reflective discernment-even when it becomes personally painful tells us if we indeed have it or not. Didn't I tell you that there is ALWAYS a test? This is one. There will be others. Get used to it. Witchcraft and Wicca are religions that require that we as Witches and Wiccans are equal to the challenges that life brings our way. If you can easily compromise your ethical principles or can turn your back to what you know to be right action, then Witchcraft and Wicca are not for you.


3. You openly declare where you stand.

Now we finally get to the Gods and the Goddesses! Do you still think that you are prepared to stand before Them and pledge your life, your heart and your hands to Their service? For that is what the religion of Witchcraft and Wicca are all about-SERVICE.

It is not about gaining power-although that will certainly be a part of your magickal life! It is about enabling others to learn ways to empower themselves.

It is not about "getting more" for you-although you will benefit in untold ways. It is about "giving more" to others in Their Name.

It is not about changing others to suit or cater to you-although others will find you nice to be around! It is about changing yourself, so that you are better equipped to do the work of the Old Ones on this Earth.

It is not about fame-although others will seek you out. It is about being available to help those in need.

It is not about pulling others down-although what is not working will fall before you. It is about building others up and creating new and healthy systems.

It is not about financial wealth-although you will always feel "rich!" It is about sharing what you have with the rest of the community.

It is about keeping promises, going the extra mile, doing what is correct and for the good of all. It is about uprightness, honor, truth, healing, giving and service.

It is above all holding high the Names of the Old Ones, keeping to their Ways, honoring all Their children, caring for the Earth and being committed to carrying out whatever tasks that They have set upon you to do. It is about Integrity-Theirs, yours, ours.

Making the Staff top of page

I know that some of us have been talking about this, but I never
really went into, how to make the staff.

I used a piece of copper tubing from the local hardware store. Get it cut to your height roughly, and a couple of end copper end caps. Perform any cleansing rituals you want to on the items that you will
be placing into the staff. The idea of having a hollow tube for the staff is so that you can place any items into it, before charging it, to make it stronger for your needs.

Sit and think about what you want to do with your staff, before you place anything in it. If you want to only healings with it, then the majority of your herbs will be psychic and healing type herbs and

I added the following to mine: Rosebuds, Lavender, Hyssop, Galangal, Elder, Lilac, Dandelion, Geranium, Petrified Wood, Fire Opal, Aquamarine, Moss Agate, Topaz, Clear Calcite, Lodestone, the Kamea of the Sun with an appropriate talisman drawn in Dragon's Blood ink, the symbol of Pluto drawn in Dragon's Blood ink, Tiger's Eye, some Seals from the 6th and 7th Books of Moses. I followed by painting the staff, and then putting a good coat of lacquer on it. Then I painted any additional Runes and Sigils of various spirits from the Goetia and various Archangels on it, followed by another coat of lacquer.

You can finish with other little things like bells, leather cords and the like. The last item I put on mine was a High Grade Quartz Crystal that I secured using PC-11 glue. Make sure that the end caps are on good and tight. Another option is to get a small supply of rubber ends used for canes and walking sticks. That way, if you ever change your mind about what you added, or want to add something else at a later date, all you have to do is remove the rubber end and add the item.

Make sure that you recharge the staff every Full moon.
Dark Archangel Witchcraft for Adults egroup

Put together a Spell top of page

How to put together a Spell Wren Walker/Witchvox

Boil everything down to it's barest essentials, to do that - eliminate the people. Don't involve any people in your spell itself - this doesn't mean you have to work alone, this means don't put spells on people! Remember, the only person you can work on is yourself! The only person you have the right to try to change is yourself - work on being the person you always thought you would be.

Get down to the nitty-gritty, what do you want? Be exact: "I want a job where I make X dollars an hour, I enjoy what I am doing, I get along with my co-employees and my employer, I work only 9-5 weekdays, I have Holidays off and other time off as needed, etc." Now I don't say exactly what or who I will work for, I leave that to the Universe (and/or God/dess) to manifest that for me. This is being "generally specific" by saying what I want but not how it has to present itself.

Also plan to read the want ads and go on job interviews, you need to put yourself in a place or position where your spell CAN manifest. If you don't look, you won't find.

Now, fine tune your spell by adding more ingredients in the way of day of the week, time of the day, runes (if any), herbs, oil, soap, candles, cycle of the Moon, incense, etc. The more vibrations you tune in to your spell, the more fun Younger Self has with it. Also the more energy and thought and research you are putting in, the more you will get back. Remember to construct your spell in rhyme, as a chant works best, and be positive (say what you want, not what you don't want). See as happening NOW, not tomorrow or some time in the distant future. Your subconscious mind only knows HERE and NOW.


To help you get all the ingredients you want into your spellcraft I have provided the following listing. This is similar to what you can find in a magickal diary, and should be the elements you want to include in your book of shadows. Writing everything down including the results, will help you to see how effective your magick is, and will help you to fine tune your skills.

I have tried to make this list as complete as possible, but feel free to add any ingredient that you wish to work with that may not be listed here in the space provided for "other". The first step, then, is to fill in the list with all the elements that correspond to your desire, whether or not you intend to actually use them. After you have compiled the complete listing of all ingredients you could use, then you can go back and decide exactly which ingredients you choose to use. You can use them all. People normally will choose what they have readily available, and work with those. You may find something by doing this research that you hadn't thought of before, but that will fit so perfectly into your ritual that you want to include it, and that is the beauty of making this list. Choices should always be thoroughly explored before beginning the magick itself.

God & Goddess
Moon phase
Day of the Week
Planetary Hour
Element (air, fire, water, earth)
Gems or crystals
Other associations

Fill out this list using resources and books that you may have on hand, and also using your own intuition. "The Spiral Dance" by Starhawk has many useful Tables of Correspondences in the back of it, as do many books on the Craft. Do the research, do the work, it is worth the effort, for what you put out is what you will get back in terms of magickal energy.

Now go back and decide which of these elements you choose to incorporate into the spell itself. Remember to keep you numerology as consistent as possible. See what substitutions you may have to make. For example, in Cunningham's "Wicca for the Solitary Practitioner", he gives substitutions for plants and herbs that may not be available in your area. You don't have to use what is listed in a book, either, if it feels wrong to you. Go with your own feelings, for this spell is for you and about you, and you are the most important element in it. It must feel right to you to be the most effective.

Decide what KIND of spell you are going to do, candle magick, poppet magick, etc. What kind of energy raising do you want to use for this spell? Chanting, dancing, and physical activity, or do you wish to raise energy through meditation and visualization? This depends entirely on your own expertise and comfort. It's better to go with the method that is appealing to you until you have perfected which method you like best. This is work, and raising and sending the energy successfully takes practice.

What words will you use for your purpose? Remember that chanting is better done in rhyme for younger self. A method that works well and is fairly simple to remember is to make a couplet, or two line rhyme about your purpose. To say, "I want a wonderful, fulfilling job that is exactly perfect for me" is an excellent statement. To say the same thing in a rhyme, something like, "When the Moon is at her peak, The perfect job is what I seek" is easier to get into, has a good beat for chanting, and will help you focus your energy. This is an example of translating your desires into rhyme. Play with it a bit. Avoid the temptation to write long verses for this, keep it simple and easy to remember, since you really don't want to be reading all this while you are trying to raise the energy.

Now that you have the basics down, it's time to write what you plan to do. I recommend highly that you take a spiritual bath first, and that you do cast a circle or some kind of protected, sacred space. So include those items in your plan. Use an appropriate bath salt, or herbs and oils in your bath to coincide with your magickal working. Write down all the supplies you will need for your magick. If you plan to inscribe your candle in circle, write down the tool you will use to do that on your list too! Make this a recipe for your magick, and list EVERYTHING you will need. It is very distracting to be right in the middle of working only to find that you forgot something and you have to leave the circle area to get it.

Read your ritual aloud. Does it make sense? Does is sound good to you? Does it sound like too much work? Seriously, sometimes people get so carried away with the writing of the ritual that they include lots of readings and lots of activities to be done over a series of days, and then when it gets right down to doing it, they haven't the time to complete it because there's just too much! Be realistic in what you WILL be able to do. You can include a lot of elements to fine tune the ritual, but still keep the basic magick itself simple and focused. Like anything else, it comes with practice.

So after all this, you may say to yourself, "Why don't I just use some one else's ritual who has already done all this work for me?" That's a really good question! And here's "my" answer: Spells that we write for ourselves have so much more impact and work better in our own lives than any spell someone else could write for us. This doesn't mean that you can't use someone else's rhyme, or use someone's idea, or their choice of Goddess or whatever you like. Go ahead! You can always borrow ideas from other people, that's how we grow and learn. And you can use other people's spells as well, and they can be very effective.

My point is simply, if you don't do the work for yourself, you don't get the chance to learn and grow. Since that is always my goal, that's how I teach. Spellcraft is an art and takes time to learn. If you don't wish to learn the art, then just use any spell that looks good to you out of a book and it will be effective to a certain degree. You must do what makes YOU happy, and what you are able to do. The only wrong thing there is, in my opinion, is to force your will on another person, which is harm. "An it harm none, do what ye will."

Create Your Own Spells
1981 by "The Witching Well Education & Research Center"

Because of the very nature of Magick, each working should be highly individualized and personal. Even if following a traditional spell, it should be tailored to your specific needs to be most effective for you. Understanding the basics of Spell Construction will enable you to formulate your own specific, effective spells for any purpose you desire.

Preliminary planning is necessary. The very first step is to decide  precisely what your desired end result is to be. Before you can start, you must decide where you are going. You must be very explicit. It is important, also, that you choose your time carefully. You should take into consideration all Astrological implications, energy currents and Moon phases. The Moon is the astronomical body closest to us and, therefore, has a profound influence upon us, it is very important to choose a time when the Moon is in an astrological sign which is appropriate for your working. For example: Aries/Action - Enthusiasm, Taurus/ Renewal - Sensuality, Gemini/Communication - Curiosity, Cancer/Emotion - Nurturing, Leo/Vitality - Determined, Virgo/Organizing - Studious, Libra/Balance - Cooperation, Scorpio/Sexual - Philosophical, Capricorn/ Authority - Ambitious, Aquarius/Innovation - Social,Pisces/Sensitivity - Idealistic. Bear in mind that magickal workings for gain, increase or bringing things to you, should be initiated when the Moon is Waxing (from Dark to Full); when the Moon is Waning (from Full to Dark), it is time for magickal workings of decrease or sending away. The highest energy occurs at the Full Moon and, therefore, this is the most powerful time for magickal workings. The New Moon is the next most powerful time for Magick. Whenever possible, follow Nature's natural Energy Currents. There is a natural time for starting things (a planting time), for maturing things (a growing time), for reaping things (a harvest time) and, of course, a time for rest and planning. Flowing with these currents will make your magickal work much easier.

Remember to plan your project for a time of uninterrupted privacy. It is important that you have no distractions. Generally speaking, it is best to work as late at night as possible. A time when there is less frantic energy is most appropriate. You might consider Midnight or later.

In choosing a place to do your magickal working pay particular attention to your needs, for you must be comfortable. Your place should be private, quiet and secure. If at all possible, set aside a special place for this purpose only. An unused room, a special corner of your bedroom, a quiet, secluded spot in your garden. A place that is yours. A place that you can come to whenever need arises and that is as free from intrusion of others as possible. Prior to the night of your magickal working, gather together the things that you will need. All of the things used are tools. They have no inherent magick. They are to help you create a mood. If correctly made and used, they will trigger primitive responses from deep within you. They should be chosen with care. Consider the purpose of your ritual and choose your tools accordingly. If your magick is to be sexual, your candles, oils, incenses and so forth, should bring forth a sexual response. If the desired result of your Magick is Tranquility, then the tools should make you feel calm, peaceful and serene. Any candles you might use should not have commercially added fragrances as these may not be appropriate for your working. Prior to your ritual, prepare yourself and your equipment by any means necessary to clean and purify. Historically, people have fasted, followed meticulous and detailed bathing practices, practiced chastity and used many other methods. Most often a Ritual Bath is the preferred method. A bath frequently utilizing candlelight, fragrant herbs, bath salts or sensuous oils. A sumptuous hot bath, special bathing reparations and appropriate lighting, combined, can create the soothing effect which will help in the very important step of relaxing and clearing the mind completely of all mundane thoughts and experiences of the day. Your ritual Bath should, also, begin to set the specific vibrations conducive to your purpose into motion. You must not only cleanse and purify but must, also, begin to create the type of energy necessary.

Once your purification process has been accomplished, you are now ready to begin. Proceed to the special place you have previously chosen in which to perform your magick. If at all possible, you should make use of the primitive responses set into motion by a well chosen piece of music. Your music should start slowly and build to a rousing climax. As you use your oils, light your candle or incense (or utilize any other tool you have chosen), you should begin to further intensify the energy that you have set into motion around you. A high degree of intensity is vitally important. The Altered State of Consciousness that you must reach is not a meditative state. Anything that interferes with your ability to concentrate upon, reach and control the high energy state necessary to perform magick should be avoided. Such as, screaming children,
a sink full of dirty dishes, use of alcohol or drugs, etc. Do not scatter your energy by attempting to do more than one magickal working at a time. Remember that Magick is the manipulation of energy, a thought is a form of energy and visualization is an even stronger form of energy. Your visualization can be a method used to intensify further and direct your will. Your visualization can be the method by which you control the magickal energy you have produced. You must know what you want. You must see it. You must feel the high energy flow. You must direct it. One of the most important elements in the practice of any form of Magick is the Universal Law of Cause and Effect. This means that whatever you do (or don't do) you cause something to happen. The most important consideration is the Universal Law of Retribution. This means that no matter what you do, it comes back to you in like kind. It is the nature of things that as you send something out it gains momentum, so that, by the time it comes back to you, it is three times stronger. If you do something nice for someone, someone will do something nicer for you. "As you weave and spin your spell, Three fold return the tale will tell."

Sabats top of page

The Sabbats

The Sabbats tell of one of the stories of the Goddess and God, of their relationship and the effects this has on the fruitfulness of the Earth. There are many variations on these myths, but here's a fairly common one, woven into the basic descriptions of the Sabbats.

Yule =

The Goddess gives birth to a son, the God, at Yule (circa December 21). This is in no way an adaptation of Christianity. The Winter Solstice has long been viewed as a time of divine births. Mithras was said to have been born at this time. The Christians simply adopted it for their use in 273 CE (Common Era).

Yule is a time of the greatest darkness and is the shortest day of the year. Earlier peoples noticed such phenomena and supplicated the forces of nature to lengthen the days and shorten the nights. Witches sometimes celebrate Yule just before dawn, then watch the Sun rise as a fitting finale to their efforts.

Since the God is also the Sun, this marks the point of the year when the Sun is reborn as well. Thus, the Witches light fires or candles to welcome the Sun's returning light. The Goddess, slumbering through the Winter of Her labor, rests after Her delivery.

Yule is remnant of early rituals celebrated to hurry the end of Winter and the bounty of Spring, when food was once again readily available. To contemporary Witches it is a reminder that the ultimate product of death is rebirth, a comforting thought in these days of unrest

Imbolc =

Imbolc (February 2) marks the recovery of the Goddess after giving birth to the God. The lengthening periods of light awaken Her. The God is a young, lusty boy, but His power is felt in the longer days. The warmth fertilizes the Earth (the Goddess), and causes seeds to germinate and sprout. And so the earliest beginnings of Spring occur.

This is a Sabbat of purification after the shut-in life of Winter, through the renewing power of the Sun. It is also a festival of light and of fertility, once marked in Europe with huge blazes, torches and fire in every form. Fire here represents our own illumination and inspiration as much as light and warmth.

Imbolc is also known as Feast of Torches, Oimelc, Lupercalia, Feast of Pan, Snowdrop Festival, Feast of the Waxing Light, Brighid's Day, and probably by many other names. Some female Witches follow the old Scandinavian custom of wearing crowns of lit candles, but many more carry tapers during their invocations.

This is one of the traditional times for initiations into covens, and so self-dedication rituals, such as the one outlined in this Book of Shadows, can be performed or renewed at this time.

Ostara =

Ostara (circa March 21), the Spring Equinox, also known as Spring, Rites of Spring and Eostra's Day, marks the first day of true Spring. The energies of Nature subtly shift from the sluggishness of Winter to the exuberant expansion of Spring. The Goddess blankets the Earth with fertility, bursting forth from Her sleep, as the God stretches and grows to maturity. He walks the greening fields and delights in the abundance of nature. On Ostara the hours of day and night are equal. Light is overtaking darkness; the Goddess and God impel the wild creatures of the Earth to reproduce.

This is a time of beginnings, of action, of planting spells for future gains, and of tending the ritual gardens.

Beltane =

Beltane (April 30) marks the emergence of the young God into manhood. Stirred by the energies at work in Nature, He desires the Goddess. They fall in love, lie among the grasses and blossoms, and unite. The Goddess becomes pregnant of the God. Witches celebrate the symbol of Her fertility in ritual.

Beltane (also known as May Day) has long been marked with feasts and rituals. May poles, supremely phallic symbols, were the focal point of Old English village rituals. Many persons rose at dawn to gather flowers and green branches from the fields and gardens, using them to decorate the May pole, their homes and themselves.

The flowers and greenery symbolize the Goddess; the May pole the God. Beltane marks the return of vitality, of passion and hopes consummated.

Witches sometimes use May poles today during Beltane rituals, but the cauldron is a more common focal point of ceremony. It represents, of course, the Goddess -the essence of womanhood, the end of all desire, the equal but opposite of the May pole, symbolic of the God.

Midsummer =

Midsummer, the Summer Solstice (circa June 21), also known as Litha, arrives when the powers of Nature reach their highest point. The Earth is awash in the fertility of the Goddess and God.

In the past, bonfires were leapt to encourage fertility, purification, health and love. The fire once again represents the Sun, feted on this time of the longest daylight hours.

Midsummer is a classic time for magick of all kinds.

Lughnasadh =

Lughnasadh (August 1) is the time of the first harvest, when the plants of Spring wither and drop their fruits or seeds for our use as well as to ensure future crops. Mystically, so too does the God lose His strength as the Sun rises farther in the South each day and the nights grow longer? The Goddess watches in sorrow and joy as She realizes that the God is dying, and yet lives on inside Her as Her child.

Lughnasadh, also known as August Eve, Feast of Bread, Harvest Home and Lammas, wasn't necessarily observed on this day. It originally coincided with the first reaping.

As Summer passes, Witches remember its warmth and bounty in the food we eat. Every meal is an act of attunement with Nature, and we are reminded that nothing in the universe is constant.

Mabon =

Mabon (circa September 21), the Autumn Equinox, is the completion of the harvest begun as Lughnasadh. Once again day and night are equal, poised as the God prepares to leave His physical body and begin the great adventure into the unseen, toward renewal and rebirth of the Goddess.

Nature declines, draws back its bounty, readying for Winter and its time of rest. The Goddess nods in the weakening Sun, though fire burns within Her womb. She feels the presence of the God even as He wanes.

Samhain =

At Samhain (October 31), the Craft say farewell to the God. This is a temporary farewell. He isn't wrapped in eternal darkness, but readies to be reborn of the Goddess at Yule.

Samhain, also known as November Eve, Feast of the Dead, Feast of Apples, Hallows, All Hallows and Hallowe'en, once marked the time of sacrifice. In some places this was the time when animals were slaughtered to ensure food throughout the depths of Winter. The God - identified with the animals - fell as well to ensure our continuing existence.

Samhain is a time of reflection, of looking back over the last year, of coming to terms with the one phenomenon of life over which we have no control - death.

The Craft feel that on this night the separation between the physical and spiritual realities is thin. Witches remember their ancestors and all those who have gone before.

After Samhain, Witches celebrate Yule, and so the Wheel of the Year is complete.

Surely there are mysteries buried here. Why is the God the son and then the lover of the Goddess? This isn't incest, this is symbolism. In this agricultural story (one of many Craft myths) the Goddess and God represent the ever-changing fertility of the Earth. This myth speaks of the mysteries of birth, death and rebirth. It celebrates the wondrous aspects and beautiful effects of love, and honors women who perpetuate our species. It also points out the very real dependence that humans have on the Earth, the Sun and the Moon and of the effects of the seasons on our daily lives.

To agricultural peoples, the major thrust of this myth cycle is the production of food through the interplay between the Goddess and God. Food - without which we would all die - is intimately connected with the deities. Indeed, Witches see food as yet another manifestation of divine energy.

And so, by observing the Sabbats, Witches attune themselves to the Earth and to the deities. They reaffirm their Earth roots. Performing rituals on the nights of the Full Moon also strengthens their connections with the Goddess in particular.

It is the wise Witch who celebrates on the Sabbats and Esbats, for these are times of real as well as symbolic power. Honoring them in some fashion is an integral part of Witchcraft.

Spirituality top of page

9 touchstones to living in Goddess Spirituality

Gleamed from Carol P. Christ,
"Rebirth of the Goddess: Finding Meaning in Feminist Spirituality".

Christ developed nine touchstones that can offer us guidance in our attempt to live this vision. These touchstones are ethical guideposts, not principles or commandments. They are touchstones because each one can guide us, but not tell us what to do in any situation. Think of it as a "framework for ethical decision making but not a blueprint for action."

1) Nurture life
"To honor, respect and support mothers and children. To recognize all people and all beings as connected in the web of life. To embody the intelligent love that is the ground of all being."

2) Walk in love and beauty
"To appreciate the infinite diversity of all beings in the natural world, including ourselves and other human beings, and to sense that everything wants to be loved."

3) Trust the knowledge that comes through the body
"Take seriously that our bodies are ourselves and that sensation and feeling are the guardians of life. To experience the joy and pain that come to us through the body. To allow the power of the erotic to lead us to question the denial of pleasure and satisfaction that is inherent in the ethos of domination. To ground ourselves in the earth and to acknowledge our interdependence in the web of life. Trusting body experience also means never giving ourselves over to any authority - no wise man, no guru, no spiritual teacher, no spiritual tradition, no politician, no wise woman, no one."

4) Speak the truth about conflict, pain, and suffering.
"Not idealizing life. Not denying the realities of our personal and social lives. For many of us, childhood and other traumas have been intensified because conflict was denied and we were not allowed to feel our pain. Denial is also a social phenomenon. Denial is only possible when we sever our minds from our bodies."

5) Take only what you need.
"Comes from the Native Americans. Acknowledges that conflict - taking the lives of other beings - is inherent in human life and thus encourages restraint."

6) Think about the consequences of your actions for seven generations.
"Affirms interconnection and asks us to consider not only our own needs, but those of al our relations for seven generations as we take and give back to the circle of life. We are not asked to hold ourselves to impossible models of perfection, but to consider the consequences of our actions on a scale we can comprehend."

7) Approach the taking of life with great restraint.
"Taking only what we need. Those of us who live in industrialized countries take so much more than we really need without thinking of the lives that are lost. And because as individuals, communities, and societies we so readily resort to violence and warfare to resolve personal, ethnic, and national conflicts."

8) Practice great generosity.
"If we are to gain the power to act, we must acknowledge that no one of us can take on all the burdens of the world. As we recognize our strengths and forgive our limitations, we can begin to approach others with a generous spirit. (Dhyani) Ywahoo asks us to always "speak the best of one another and perceive the best in everything." She adds that "it is a strenuous discipline in these times to practice this." We must speak the truth about the harm dominator societies are doing to ourselves, other people, and the web of life. Yet is requires great discipline to understand the harm that white people have done to Native Americans and other people of color without concluding that all white people are mean and that white culture has nothing of value in it. Though great harm has been done, very few people or groups have nothing to commend them. When we polarize situations, we make it difficult for our "adversaries" to change, and we begin to perceive ourselves unrealistically as "all good.""

9) Repair the web.
"We are living in a world where the bonds of relationship and community are broken by violence . It calls us to transform our personal relationships, our social and cultural institutions, and our relation to the natural world."

Do's and Don'ts top of page

The Do's and Don'ts of Witches

Witches do not do evil. They believe that doing evil and harm is against all ethical and moral laws. Further, Witchcraft tells us "An ye harm none (not even yourself), do what ye will"

Witches do not worship Satan. They do not have a Satan/Devil or any all-evil deity in their religious structure. Witchcraft is a religion that underscores polarity and views the God and the Goddess as equal entities.

A Male Witch is not a Warlock. The word Warlock is a Scottish word meaning "oath breaker", and became a term designating a male Witch during the "burning times".

Witches wear clothing of every color and every style. Many Witches do choose to wear black clothing or ritual robes. The color black is the culmination of all vibrational rates of light on the material plane. Black absorbs light information and helps Witches be more receptive to psychic impressions and energies.

Witches come from every socio-economic and ethnic background. Many Witches are professional people holding positions of responsibility such as Doctors, Nurses, Police Officers, Teachers etc. Witchcraft does not discriminate against color or ethnic origin and does view everything as equal in the eyes of the Goddess and the God.

Witches do use spells. A spell is a thought, a projection, or a prayer. Other religions use prayer, meditation, projection and ritual to produce an intended result. The word "spell" does not imply doing evil or harm.

Witches do use magic wands. Often you see the use of magic wands in children's cartoons and movies making the idea seem frivolous. In actuality they are used in healing for directing energy.

Witches do use Witchcraft as a science, an art and a religion. They use their knowledge and magic in harmony with the Universe and Nature around them.

The word "Witch" has a deep and rich history. As defined by the English Oxford dictionary "Witchcraft" is a Celtic pronounced Kell-tick) word meaning the wise, good people. "Wicce" wick-kay) designates a female Witch whereas "Wicca" (wick-kah) designates a male Witch.

In the religion of Witchcraft we view the pentacle as an amulet and a symbol for protection. The five-pointed star represents the human body and the earth. In combination, the star surrounded by the circle represents the human body encompassed by the protection of the Goddess/God force. The pentacle is the symbol for Universal Wisdom.

Witches do concern themselves with ecology. They have never forgotten this basic fact: the world is not our enemy. Neither is it inert, dumb matter. The earth and all living things share the same life-force. They are composed of patterns of intelligence, of knowledge, and of divinity. all life is a web. We are woven into it as sisters and brothers of All. Witches need to be grounded in both worlds and awake to their responsibilities for both worlds. It is only by being responsible human beings that we can be responsible Witches and only responsible Witches will survive.*

* Excerpt from "Power of the Witch" by Laurie Cabot,
Delacourt Press. (Dell Publishing) N.Y., N.Y., October 1989

Tarot Arcanas top of page

The Major Arcana

The Fool
Upright: New beginnings, new adventures, new opportunities, unlimited possibilities, pleasure, passion, thoughtlessness, rashness
Reverse: A bad decision, indecision, apathy, hesitation, a faulty choice
The Magician
Upright: Originality, creativity, skill, will-power, self confidence, dexterity, sleight of hand
Reverse: Weakness in will, insecurity, delay, no imagination
The High Priestess
Upright: Wisdom, knowledge, learning, intuition, purity, virtue, a lack of patience, a teacher
Reverse: Ignorance, lack of understanding, selfishness, shallowness
The Empress
Upright: Action, development, accomplishment, mother/sister/wife, evolution
Reverse: Vacillation, inaction, lack on concentration, indecision, anxiety, infidelity
The Emperor
Upright: Accomplishment, confidence, wealth, stability, leadership, father/brother/husband, achievement, a capable person
Reverse: Immaturity, indecision, feebleness, petty emotions, lack of strength
The Hierophant
Upright: A need to conform, social approval, bonded to the conventions of society
Reverse: Unconventionality, unorthodoxy, an inventor
Upright: Mercy, kindness, forgiveness, compassion, conformity, a sense of historical importance, inspiration
Reverse: Foolish generosity, errors are repeated, impotence, vulnerability, frailty, unorthodoxy
The Lovers
Upright: Love, harmony, trust, honor, the beginning of a romance, optimism, a meaningful relationship/affair
Reverse: Unreliability, separation, frustration in love, fickleness, untrustworthy
The Chariot
Upright: Perseverance, a journey, a rushed decision, adversity, turmoil, vengeance
Reverse: Unsuccessful, defeat, failure, last minute loss, vanquishment
Upright: Strength, courage, conviction, energy, determination, action, heroism, virility
Reverse: Weakness, pettiness, sickness, tyranny, lack of faith, abuse of power
The Hermit
Upright: Counsel, inner strength, prudence, caution, vigilance, patience, withdrawal, annulment, a loner
Reverse: Imprudence, hastiness, rashness, foolish acts, immaturity
The Wheel of Fortune
Upright: Destiny, fortune, a special gain, an unusual loss, end of a problem, unexpected events, advancement, progress
Reverse: Failure, bad luck, interruption, outside influences, bad fate, unexpected events
Upright: Harmony, balance, equality, righteousness, virtue, honor, advice, a considerate person
Reverse: Bias, false accusations, intolerance, unfairness, abuse
The Hanged Man
Upright: Suspension, change, reversal, boredom, abandonment, sacrifice, readjustment, improvement, rebirth
Reverse: Unwillingness to make an effort, false prophecy, useless sacrifice
Upright: Transformation, making way for the new, unexpected change, loss, failure, illness or death, bad luck
Reverse: Stagnation, immobility, slow changes, a narrow escape, cheating death
Upright: Moderation, temperance, patience, harmony, fusion, good influence, confidence
Reverse: Discord, conflict, disunion, hostility, frustration, impatience
The Devil
Upright: Ravage, weird or strange experience, downfall, unexpected failure, controversy, violence, disaster, an ill-tempered person
Reverse: Divorce, release, handicaps are overcome, enlightenment
The Tower
Upright: A sudden change, abandonment of past, ending a friendship, unexpected events, disruption, bankruptcy, downfall, loss of money or security
Reverse: Following old ways, a rut, entrapment, caught in a bad situation, imprisonment
The Star
Upright: Hope, faith, inspiration, optimism, insight, spiritual love, pleasure, balance
Reverse: Unfulfilled hopes, disappointment, dreams are crushed, bad luck, imbalance
The Moon
Upright: Deception, trickery, disillusionment, error, danger, disgrace, double-dealing
Reverse: Deception is discovered before damage can be done, trifling mistakes, taking advantage of someone
The Sun
Upright: Satisfaction, accomplishment, success, love, joy, engagement or a happy marriage
Reverse: Unhappiness, loneliness, canceled plans, broken engagement or marriage, a clouded future, a lack of friends
Judgment or Rejuvenation
Upright: Awakening, renewal, a well lived life, better health, a quickened mind
Reverse: Fear of death, failure, possible loss, ill health
Upright: Atonement, judgment, the need to forgive, rejuvenation, rebirth, improvement, development, promotion, efforts are rewarded
Reverse: Delay, disappointment, indecision, procrastination, theft, worry
The World
Upright: Completion, perfection, recognition, honors, the end result, success, fulfillment, triumph, eternal life
Reverse: Imperfection, lack of vision, disappointment


The Minor Arcana

Wands - Usually predict energy, growth, enterprise, animation, and glory.
Ace of wands
Upright: A creative beginning, a new business venture, a profitable journey, an inheritance, a new career, a birth in the family
Reversed: Selfishness may spoil the venture, setbacks for a new enterprise, a journey may be put off, a lack of determination
Two of Wands
Upright: A kind and generous person, an interest in science, patience, creative ability, courage, good things to come
Reversed: Caution is advised against impatience, a possible domination by others
Three of Wands
Upright: A cooperation in business affairs, trade and commerce, success brought by a good partnership, practical help may come from a successful person
Reversed: A tendency to scatter energies, mistakes are made through carelessness, disappointment, caution against pride and arrogance
Four of Wands
Upright: The beauty of the harvest home, perfected work, prosperity, peace, celebration after labor, end of romance in marriage, happy holidays to come
Reversed: Learning to appreciate the little things in life, beauty of nature, peace, harmony
Five of Wands
Upright: Competition, possibility of a lawsuit or quarrel, obstacles, courage
Reversed: Harmony, new opportunities, generosity
Six of Wands
Upright: Good news, victory, success after labor, helpful friends, leadership during journey
Reversed: Rewards are delayed, postponed trip, bad news, an insolent winner, pride in riches/success
Seven of Wands
Upright: The ability to "hold one's own" against adversaries, stiff competition in business, a fight won, a fight one may have to face soon, victory, energy, courage
Reversed: The threat will pass by, don't let others take advantage, caution against indecision, patience
Eight of Wands
Upright: A Goal is approaching, new ideas, a journey by air, love will find its mark, love of open air, gardens, meadows
Reversed: Jealousy, violence, quarrels, domestic disputes, a force of courage or boldness is applied to suddenly
Nine of Wands
Upright: Preparedness, eventual victory, good health, strength in reserve, tendency to obstinacy
Reversed: Unpreparedness, refusal to fight, weakness in character, ill health, bending over adversity
Ten of Wands
Upright: An oppressive load, pain, all plans or projects ruined, complete failure
Reversed: Strength, energy, a desire to ruin the happiness of others, a clever person
Page of Wands
Upright: Brilliance, courage, beauty, sudden anger or love, great enthusiasm, a messenger
Reversed: Superficial, theatrical, unstable, a broken heart, bad news to come
Knight of Wands
Upright: An impetuous nature, generous friend, a lover, haste, a journey, the coming or going of a matter is of much concern
Reversed: Discord, work interrupted, jealousy, narrow-mindedness, suspicion, the journey is delayed
Queen of Wands
Upright: A woman, fondness of nature or of the home, attraction, command, someone who is well liked or honorable
Reversed: Strict, domineering, a jealous and revengeful nature, deceit, infidelity
King of Wands
Upright: A gentlemen, father, passionate, generous, noble, a good leader
Reversed: Severe, unyielding, strict, intolerance, prejudice, quarrels
Cups : Usually predict love, happiness, fertility, and beauty.
Ace of Cups
Upright: The beginning of love, joy, beauty, or good health
Reverse: Hesitancy to accept the things that come from the heart, love under a selfish grasp, egotism
Two of Cups
Upright: A new romance, a well balanced friendship is beginning, harmony, cooperation
Reverse: A loss of balance in a relationship, a violent passion, love turning bad, a misunderstanding
Three of Cups
Upright: A good fortune in love, a happy conclusion, unknown talents are discovered, a sensitive and sympathetic person, hospitality
Reverse: Pain, gossip, unknown talents remain hidden, overindulgence
Four of Cups
Upright: Reevaluation, a dissatisfaction with success, kindness may come from others
Reverse: New relationships possible, new goals, new ambitions, action
Five of Cups
Upright: Sorrow, loss of a loved one, a broken marriage, disillusionment, vain regret
Reversed: Return of hope, new relationships are beginning, return of a loved one, courage is summoned from within
Six of Cups
Upright: A gift from a childhood acquaintance, happiness and pleasure brought from the past, good memories, a new friendship, a gift from an admirer, new opportunities
Reverse: Living in the past, outworn friendships, disappointment
Seven of Cups
Upright: A long-worked imagination, unable to choose one's direction in life, illusory success
Reverse: A good use of determination, will-power, a definite path will be chosen
Eight of Cups
Upright: An abandonment of one's current path in life, disappointment in love, misery and repining without cause, desire to leave one's success for something higher
Reverse: Search for pleasure, seeking joy or success, a new love interest
Nine of Cups
Upright: An assured future, physical well-being, a wish may come true
Reverse: A lack in money, overindulgence, illness, a wish may not come true
Ten of Cups
Upright: A happy family life, true friendships, lasting happiness
Reverse: A family quarrel, loss of a friendship, children may turn against their parents, waste
Page of Cups
Upright: Gentleness, sweetness, kindness, an interest in poetry or art, news
Reverse: Selfishness, little desire to create, a poor imagination
Knight of Cups
Upright: Intelligence, romantic dreamer, the coming or going of an emotional matter
Reverse: Trickery, fraud, sensuality, idleness, an untruthful person
Queen of Cups
Upright: Imagination out-ways one's common sense, a good wife or loving mother, happiness, gentle, a good natured person
Reverse: An over-active imagination, perverse, pleasure and happiness may turn bitter
King of Cups
Upright: A business man, a man of law, kindness, a considerate person, a willingness to take on responsibility, and enjoyment of the arts or sciences
Reverse: A powerful man but a double-dealer, crafty, violent, scandal
Swords : Usually predict aggression, force, ambition, courage, strife, misfortune
Ace of Swords
Upright: Beginning of a victory, ability to love and hate with ardor, a valiant leader may be born
Reverse: Caution when trying to use power to gain an ending, obstacles, tyranny
Two of Swords
Upright: Well balanced emotions are needed, indecision, trouble ahead, in need of direction
Reverse: Release, beware when dealing with the unscrupulous
Three of Swords
Upright: Affections may experience "stormy weather", lovers separated, possible civil war
Reverse: Disorder, confusion, loss, sorrow due to loss
Four of Swords
Upright: Rest after strife, retreat, temporary exile, a change back to the "active life"
Reverse: Renewed activity, social unrest, labor strikes
Five of Swords
Upright: Failure, defeat, cowardliness, cruelty, an empty victory
Reverse: A lesser chance of loss or defeat, an empty victory, unfairness in dealings
Six of Swords
Upright: A journey, passage away from sorrow, harmony will prevail
Reverse: Journey will be postponed, no way out of present obstacles or difficulties
Seven of Swords
Upright: An unwise attempt, unreliability, betrayal, insolence, spying, possible failure
Reverse: Excessive help is given, good advice, counsel, stolen items are returned
Eight of Swords
Upright: Restricted action, indecision, censure, temporary illness, weakness, a prisoner
Reverse: Relaxation, new beginnings possible, freedom
Nine of Swords
Upright: Suffering, doubt, desolation, illness, injury, death of a loved one, suspicion, cruelty, misery, loss, dishonesty, pitilessness, slander
Reverse: Healing over time, unselfishness, patience, good news of a loved one
Ten of Swords
Upright: Sudden misfortune, ruin of plans, defeat, failure, pain and tears
Reverse: Evil forces are overthrown, courage, some success, better health
Page of Swords
Upright: Dexterity, grace, diplomacy, understanding, an upsetting message
Reverse: A cunning person, an imposture, ill health, unexpected events
Knight of Swords
Upright: A headlong rush into life, a strong man, bravery, a skillful and clever person, an unexpected coming or going of a matter
Reverse: Tyranny, a troublemaker, a crafty and secretive person
Queen of Swords
Upright: A quick and confident decision, a widow, one who can bear their sorrow
Reverse: Cruelty due to keen observations, a sly and deceitful person, narrow-mindedness, a gossip
King of Swords
Upright: A judge, a powerful commander, a firm friendship holder but often overcautious, a wise counselor
Reverse: Evil intentions, an obstinate person, decisions or judgments may seem unfair
Pentacles : Usually predict money, industry, and material gain
Ace of Pentacles
Upright: A new business venture, the beginning of prosperity, beginning of happiness or pleasure
Reverse: Possible greed or misery, money may not be everything
Two of Pentacles
Upright: The ability to handle multiple situations, harmony is maintained during change, new projects may be difficult, expect a helpful message
Reverse: Difficulty with handling problems, expect a discouraging message
Three of Pentacles
Upright: Reward for skills or abilities, approval, success through effort
Reverse: Quality in workmanship is neglected, good work is expended due to a preoccupation with money, common place ideals or ambitions
Four of Pentacles
Upright: Love of power or money, a lack of give-and-take, miserly or ungenerous nature
Reverse: Some earthly possessions may be lost, obstacles or delays in business affairs, a spendthrift.
Five of Pentacles
Upright: Loneliness, destitution, loss of possessions, poor health, despair due to spiritual impoverishment
Reverse: New employment, revived courage, a new interest
Six of Pentacles
Upright: Sharing of prosperity, one will soon receive what is rightfully theirs, charity, gifts, philanthropy, three-fold
Reverse: Bribes, unfairness, prosperity is threatened, jealousy, miserliness
Seven of Pentacles
Upright: Effort and hard work will cause growth, a pause during development, reevaluations
Reverse: Little progress, impatience, anxiety, investments may be unprofitable
Eight of Pentacles
Upright: Learning a trade or profession, employment is coming soon, skill, handiwork, small money gain
Reverse: Skills are not being used properly, a dislike of hard work, ambition is void
Nine of Pentacles
Upright: Well-being, things in life are enjoyed alone, solitude, a green thumb
Reverse: Loss is possible, danger from thieves, caution
Ten of Pentacles
Upright: Stable family, gain in wealth, property is acquired
Reverse: Family misfortune, caution, mind is dull, slothfulness
Page of Pentacles
Upright: Scholar, generosity, kindness, a careful person, learning new ideas/opinions
Reverse: Wastefulness, luxury, rebellious, opposing ideas/opinions, bad news
Knight of Pentacles
Upright: Trustworthy, a heavy and dull outlook, patience, accepting of responsibilities, an animal lover, a nature lover, the coming/going of a matter
Reverse: Irresponsible, impatience, timidness, carelessness, a standstill in affairs
Queen of Pentacles
Upright: Intelligence, thoughtfulness, a creative person, talents are used well, melancholy
Reverse: Too much dependence, neglected duties, mistrust, suspicion, not a very creative person
King of Pentacles
Upright: A chief of industry or a banker, a reliable person, a married man, solid, steadiness
Reverse: Materialistic, slow to anger, 'head is on the ground", bribes

Tarot Colors top of page

Tarot Colors

BLACK: The unknown, the center of the earth or situation, black shadow (anima), the dark side of the soul, new psychological territory, Darkness, formality and convention. Since black is the absence of light it can symbolize ignorance and restrictions

BLUE: Open sky, space and clear water, spirituality, tranquility, meditation, Consistency of purpose, strength and reliability

BROWN: Connected to nature and the earth, rooted in the soil Practicality, plainness and honesty

DARK RED: More violent or passionate emotions than bright red

GREEN: Healing, prosperity, fresh, young, promising, inexperienced, immature, Fertility, vegetation, stability and healing

GREY: Unawareness or deliberate indifference, Neutrality or uncertainty

OLIVE GREEN: Envy and cunning

ORANGE: Strength, success, joy, Ambition, intelligence and earthly desires combined

PINK: Emotional love, harmony, self-love, friendship

PURPLE: Spirituality, intuition, mystic ideals, a highly developed imagination

RED: Heart, soul, willpower, vitality, love, passion, courage Passion, earthly desire, action and the need to use direction, optimism and cheerfulness


VIOLET: Experiencing boundaries, a mixture of blue and red meanings

WHITE: Beginning, ending, healing, white shadow (animus), union through the mind, new intellectual frontier, purity, protection

YELLOW: Sun, consciousness, zest for life, clairvoyance, communication Pure intellect and scientific thought


Tarot Spreads top of page

Common Card Spreads


This is the easiest means of divining for an answer; you have only to look at a single card. Shuffle the cards while thinking of your question, then intuitively pick out one card and turn it over.


Start by thinking of your question while you shuffle the deck, then with your left hand, cut the deck into three piles moving in a leftward direction.

Still using your left hand, pick up the pile on your right and place it on the center pile. Pick up this combined pile, and place it on the last.
Turn over the first card and place it to the far left. This card represents the past or the basis of the matter. It explains the events, circumstances or conditions that have led up to where you are now.

Turn over the next card and place it to the right of the first. This card represents the present. It reveals a new direction or condition that is coming into your being.

Repeat this step again with the third card. This card represents your future and shows the end result or the outcome of the second card.

_________ _________ _________
| Past | | Present | | Future |
|_________| |_________| |_________|


5 10
4_1(2)_6 9
3 8

(card # 2 lays crosswise over #1)


Shuffle the cards while thinking of your question.

With your left hand, cut the deck into three piles moving in a leftward direction.

Still using your left hand, pick up the pile on your right and place it on the center pile.

Pick up this combined pile, and place it on the last.

With your left hand, lay ten cards face up in the positions shown in the diagram.

Each position has a particular significance as explained below.


1. This is what covers you. It represents the general atmosphere and the client's main concern.

2. This is what crosses you for the good or ill. A card is placed sideways over #1.

3. This represents opposing forces. If it is a good card, it will help the present situation.

4. This is what is beneath you. This card represents what brought the situation about, the foundation.

5. This is what's behind you. This represents what has just happened, or the influences that are passing away.

6. This is what crowns you. The current situation and influences.

7. This is what is before you. This card represents what will happen in the very near future if the querent continues on their current path.

8. What the querent fears. Negative feelings about the question asked. The thoughts of those around you. Depicts the opinions and influences of friends and family about the matter in question.

9. The querent's hopes. Reveals the client's own hopes and ideals on the matter involved.

10. OUTCOME: This card tells what the overall final outcome will be if the querent continues on their current path. Please consider the influence of all previous cards, particularly the 6th (what is before you) card, which is a more short term representation of the final outcome


Ethics top of page

Teachers and Magical Ethics by Wren Walker
(taken from

Many people are investigating the religions of Witchcraft, Wicca and other Neo-Pagan Paths today. There are many books and reference materials available, yet after some self study, there are some folks who would like to meet and perhaps work with a physical teacher. This can be a rewarding learning experience - or it could turn out to be your worst nightmare.

There you are. You have a class/workshop/teaching group. The students are seated and waiting for you to begin. As a responsible Teacher, you have some sort of class outline that you will follow. Hopefully, you plan to touch on the subject of ethical standards in the Craft. Here are some thoughts on how- and why- to incorporate the topic into your teaching materials.

Well...where did YOU come from?

Every student has had some experience with ethical considerations before he/she shows up in your class or workshop. Take a moment to reflect on your own upbringing. How did your childhood help to form what has become YOUR personal code of ethics?

"What the child sees is what the child does."- Old Irish Saying

Did Mom and Dad crow at the dinner table over some "deal" they put over on someone else? Did they welcome new neighbors with a plate of cookies? Did your folks tell someone that they just LOVED that gift...and then threw it away after the giver had left? Did they allow you to choose your own friends? Did your parents break promises that they had made with you? Did they choose to go without something so that you could have that spiffy new pair of sneakers? Did you see them struggle with an ethical decision? How did these or other incidents at home make you feel? Did you agree with the ethical choices that your parents made then? How do you feel about their decisions and actions now?

And remember High School? What about that unwritten law that everyone knew about? No matter what another student did, you just never ever "ratted them out"...This is typical adolescent "group think", but as most of us mature, ethical choices become more complex and less "black and white." (Unfortunately, some people never grow out of the adolescent stage!)

Think about your personal ethical values. While you probably don't really want to "preach" to your students, you DO want them to reflect about the decisions that they may face as practitioners representing the Craft.

So...There they sit. Students at many different stages of ethical thinking.-and you, the Teacher-are about to teach them Magick! ("Calm blue ocean," think "calm blue ocean"...)

Finding The Meaning Behind The Words:

Well, don't I wish that I had the definitive word on this one! The truth is that each and every person must find the answers to ethical questions within themselves. Nevertheless, we all will come to a point somewhere in our lives- and most certainly in our magickal practice-where we must make a decision on a course of action. We will face what is called an "ethical dilemma". How will we handle this? What should we, as Witches, Wiccans and Pagans, take into consideration?

As a Teacher, you will probably begin with a general discourse on the Wiccan Rede, Hermetic Laws or a similar code of ethics. This will be something that is either relevant to you personally or reflective of the code of behavior that is inherent in your group, Tradition or coven.

"Love and Courage are the wings of the spirit by which it rises to noble actions."

There is nothing weak or submissive, nothing dishonorable in showing decency and respect to others. On the contrary, the welfare of our society relies on it. The future of the Pagan community depends on it. What each individual decides to act upon at any given moment has ramifications that will extend far beyond him/herself. What IS our obligation to another?

In Christianity, the hard question is "Who IS my neighbor?" The question is "hard" because the injunction given is "To love your neighbor as yourself". How well Christians have answered this question, we will leave for them to address. We have our own problems...

In Wicca, the tough one is, "An it harm none, do as you will." Who are the "none" that we should not harm? Our coven mates? Our Pagan brothers and sisters from all Traditions and Paths? The whole world? Do WE have "neighbors" to think about? Are you sorry that I brought this whole thing up yet?

Perhaps the first place to look in determining what is right or wrong is society. Almost every society makes some determination of morally correct or ethical behavior. In some countries, a determination of what is right or moral is tied to religious strictures. In societies that are more secular, the influence of religious beliefs may be less obvious, but still a key factor. "Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" represent some American values.

Individual relationships, families and communities-any time that you are involved with other people- all necessitate a foundation of trust and security. A similar code of ethical behavior toward one another helps to establish a bond of trust-you can depend on certain boundaries- and a sense of security-there is a level of safety within the community that enables you to go about your business relatively free from interference.

How Does One Make An Ethical Choice?

It is never easy, nor should it be. What we do ultimately reflects on who we are. We owe it to ourselves-and those around us- to think long and hard on these "tough" choices. That person in the mirror is always YOU.

"The heights by great men reached and kept
Were not attained by sudden flight,
But they while their companions slept
Were toiling upward in the night."
--Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Look at the situation--Gather as much information as possible and do not jump to conclusions. Never base your decision on what someone else has told you. Find out for yourself. In an "emergency", you may have to just "go with what you have". But make sure the source is a reliable one. ( Sometimes if someone is trying to "hurry" you into a decision, it is because they do NOT want you to get all the information. They want you on their side...now...just like high school...)
TEACHERS: Ask your students if another person has ever "rushed" them into making a decision only to find out later that the situation was "Not As Described". How did they feel about the choices that they made? While in school, did they ever know about an incident but 'didn't tell"? Would they make a different decision today?

"Good maxims are the germs of all truth. When firmly fixed in the memory, they mold the will."

Think about alternatives.--Run different scenarios through your mind. What may happen if I do this? What about.....?? What outcome are you looking for? What are the ways to approach this decision that may best achieve this result? Who ELSE is involved? Will they support this decision? Will this help-or hinder- finding a solution to the problem?
TEACHERS: Give your students a magickal "ethical" dilemma (spellwork or interpersonal conflicts immediately come to mind!) and see if they can come up with at least five alternatives. Discuss them in class. Is there a "best" choice"?

"Tell me whom you admire and I will tell you what you are, at least as regards to your talents, tastes and character."

What are the guidelines?--What principles do you hold dear? What about self-respect? Would this decision affect another's free will? Would they have consented to this decision? Would they be harmed? What do I owe in terms of respect to another human being? Would I be preventing harm? Is this the best choice for all concerned? Is it fair? What if the situation was reversed? Would I be happy with the results of the decision if this was ME that was on the other end of things? What has happened in the past that may affect the decision making process?
TEACHERS: Have students answer the above questions. Then ask them what they think a person such as Ghandi, Lincoln or King would have done in this situation? (Now ,I'm not saying any of these folks actually was a Witch...but then again, that Lincoln guy....) What about a God or Goddess? What do Their myths say about something similar to this? Did this exercise change the students' original decision?

"Every action is measured by the depth of the sentiment from which it proceeds." -- Spiritual Laws, Ralph Waldo Emerson

Test your limits.-- If the situation changed, would my decision still be valid? Am I setting a good example? (Teachers, are you?) Those great men cited above held to their ethical standards and paid the price for it. Am I sure enough of my own ethical decisions that I would be willing to do the same? Will this decision change how I feel about myself? If everyone acted this way, would the world be better or worse? Does it just seem like the right thing to do? Don't discount that inner voice!
(Check your solar plexus..."Am I just hungry or is my body trying to tell me something"?)
TEACHERS: Ask your students" "What IF everyone acted this way?" What kind of future would such actions bring into being? Is that future the one that we really want?

"If we are ever in doubt what to do, it is a good rule to ask ourselves what we shall wish on the morrow that we had done."
-Sir John Lubbock.

O.K.--Make your choice. You will have to live with it. You will certainly learn from it. This means accepting responsibility for your choice. It also means accepting the possibility that you might be wrong or that you will make a less than "ideal" decision. The object is to make as good a choice as possible with the information available.
TEACHERS: Do your students feel a little better equipped to handle ethical decisions now? Have they perhaps been able to "walk a mile in another's shoes"? Have they discovered that rational thought on issues tends to diffuse conflicting desires and make some choices easier?

You can't make someone else's choices. No one can make yours for you.--'Nuff said? Teachers can guide students in techniques, but ultimately your ethical decisions-like your Magick-comes from within. Who you are- and who you will become- is something that only you determine. It really is YOUR choice...

"The greatest thing a human mind does in this world is to 'see". Hundreds of people can talk for one that can think, but thousands can think for one who can see. To see clearly is poetry, prophecy and religion-all in one."

Bonewit's Evaluation top of page

The Advanced Bonewits' Cult Danger Evaluation
(taken from http://www.witchvox.com/xbasics.html)

Events in the last several decades have clearly indicated just how dangerous some religious and secular groups (usually called "cults" by those opposed to them) can be to their own members as well as to anyone else whom they can influence. "Brainwashing," beatings, child abuse, rapes, murders, mass suicides, military drilling and gunrunning, meddling in civil governments, international terrorism, and other crimes have been charged against leaders and members of many groups, and in far too many cases those accusations have been correct. None of this has been very surprising to historians of religion or to other scholars of what are usually labeled "new" religions (no matter how old they may be in their cultures of origin). Minority groups, especially religious ones, are often accused of crimes by members of the current majority. In many ways, for example, the "Mormons" were the "Moonies" of the 19th century - at least in terms of being an unusual minority belief system that many found "shocking" at the time - and the members of the Unification Church could be just as "respectable" a hundred years from now as the Latter Day Saints are today.

Nonetheless, despite all the historical and philosophical warnings that could be issued, ordinary people faced with friends or loved ones joining an "unusual" group, or perhaps contemplating joining one themselves, need a relatively simple way to evaluate just how dangerous or harmless a given group is liable to be, without either subjecting themselves to its power or judging it solely on theological or ideological grounds (the usual method used by anti-cult groups).

In 1979 I constructed an evaluation tool which I now call the "Advanced Bonewits' Cult Danger Evaluation Frame" or the "ABCDEF" (because evaluating these groups should be elementary). A copy was included in that year's revised edition of my book, Real Magic. I realize its shortcomings, but feel that it can be effectively used to separate harmless groups from the merely unusual-to-the-observer ones. Feedback from those attempting to use the system has always been appreciated. Indirect feedback, in terms of the number of places on and off the Net this ABCDEF has shown up, has been mostly favorable. For example, it was chosen by and is now displayed on the website of the Institute for Social Inventions, who paraphrased it for their "Best Ideas - A compendium of social innovations" listing.

The purpose of this evaluation tool is to help both amateur and professional observers, including current or would-be members, of various organizations (including religious, occult, psychological or political groups) to determine just how dangerous a given group is liable to be, in comparison with other groups, to the physical and mental health of its members and of other people subject to its influence. It cannot speak to the "spiritual dangers," if any, that might be involved, for the simple reason that one person's path to enlightenment or "salvation" is often viewed by another as a path to ignorance or "damnation."

As a general rule, the higher the numerical total scored by a given group (the further to the right of the scale), the more dangerous it is likely to be. Though it is obvious that many of the scales in the frame are subjective, it is still possible to make practical judgments using it, at least of the "is this group more dangerous than that one?" sort. This is if all numerical assignments are based on accurate and unbiased observation of actual behavior by the groups and their top levels of leadership (as distinct from official pronouncements). This means that you need to pay attention to what the secondary and tertiary leaders are saying and doing, as much (or more so) than the central leadership - after all, "plausible deniability" is not a recent historical invention.

This tool can be used by parents, reporters, law enforcement agents, social scientists and others interested in evaluating the actual dangers presented by a given group or movement. Obviously, different observers will achieve differing degrees of precision, depending upon the sophistication of their numerical assignments on each scale. However, if the same observers use the same methods of scoring and weighting each scale, their comparisons of relative danger or harmlessness between groups will be reasonably valid, at least for their own purposes. People who cannot, on the other hand, view competing belief systems as ever having possible spiritual value to anyone, will find the ABCDEF annoyingly useless for promoting their theological agendas. Worse, these members of the Religious Reich and their fellow theocrats will find that their own organizations (and quite a few large mainstream churches) are far more "cult-like" than many of the minority belief systems they so bitterly oppose.

It should be pointed out that the ABCDEF is founded upon both modern psychological theories about mental health and personal growth, and my many years of participant observation and historical research into minority belief systems. Those who believe that relativism and anarchy are as dangerous to mental health as absolutism and authoritarianism, could (I suppose) count groups with total scores nearing either extreme (high or low) as being equally hazardous. As far as dangers to physical well-being are concerned, however, both historical records and current events clearly indicate the direction in which the greatest threats lie. This is especially so since the low-scoring groups usually seem to have survival and growth rates so small that they seldom develop the abilities to commit large scale atrocities even had they the philosophical or political inclinations to do so.

Divinations top of page


The I ching does not give you specific answers to your questions but rather reveals patterns which helps you arrive at the answer you seek. Answers are given in 64 hexagrams of solid lines (yang) and broken lines (yin). These represent a state of being. The most common method used to determine hexagrams is to toss three coins three times. The traditional method is to toss a set of 50 yarrow sticks. The I ching dates back to around 2852 B.C. The Chinese emperor Fu-hsi developed a set of trigrams. Later on around 1143 B.C. the trigrams were doubled to hexagrams. The I ching found its way to western culture in the 19th century


The art of reading tea leaves is referred to as Tasseomancy. This form of divination is strongly associated with the Gypsies and the English. The history of Tasseomancy can be traced back hundreds of years. During a reading the client drinks a cup of tea but leaves a small amount in the bottom of the cup. The cup is turned upside down on a saucer and turned. The reader picks up the cup and reads the patterns formed by the tea leaves. Usually the best tea readers also have natural artistic skills. Various symbols have certain meanings. Time frames are estimated by the proximity of the leaves to the rim. Leaves closest to the rim represent the immediate future. Coffee grounds are also used by some readers. This form of divination is thought to have come from Italy. Diviners who read coffee grounds often recite incantations.


Dowsing has been used for centuries as a method for finding water, treasures, gold, metals, people, animals and to tell the past and the future. In fact dowsing has been used for nearly 7,000 years and probably even longer. It was used by both the ancient Egyptians and Chinese. In the middle ages it was used in Europe to find coal deposits and water. In the 20th century dowsing has been used in
archeological and geological work, and by utility companies in locating damaged pipes and cables. The traditional tool of the dowser is a forked rod made of wood. Certain wood such as Hazel, Willow, Ash and Rowan are the best. Many dowsers prefer to work with a pendulum on a string. The dowser attunes themself to what is being sought usually through visualization. The dowser holds the forked end of the rod making sure palms are turned upwards. The dowser walks until the rod trembles and dips down marking the spot. In the case of dowsing with a pendulum the dowser hangs the pendulum over a map.


The aura is made up of seven main aura's which extend up to four feet from the body. These aura's all occupy the same space at the same time, each aura extending out further than the previous aura.
All aura's are interconnected and reliant on the others for normal function. The seven main aura's of the aura are ETHERIC AURA : EMOTIONAL AURA : MENTAL AURA : ASTRAL AURA : ETHERIC TEMPLATE AURA : CELESTIAL AURA : KETHERIC TEMPLATE AURA

AQUA : healer
BLACK : I often see this in the auras of abused children, divorcees, drug addicts and torture victims.
PALE BLUE : the color of sensitivity.
SKY BLUE : strong natural instincts
COBALT BLUE : intuition coming from the higher dimensions of the aura
PRUSSIAN BLUE : represents harmony
ROYAL BLUE : I have found this in people who have found their chosen path in life
DELFT BLUE : strong ethics Single Women And Men
ULTRAMARINE : seen in the aura of sailors, surfers and

people who are around the sea
NAVY BLUE : people with this color tend to move slow, but safe and sure
INDIGO: strong psychic ability
AMBER: personal strength and courage
CARAMEL: I find this color in people who are going through positive career changes
COPPER: I only see this color around people in the mining industry
RAW SIENNA : indicates poor thinking process
FAWN : period of problems is coming to an end
DOE-SKIN : found in people who are very orderly
MUSHROOM : a slowing of destiny Single Women And Men
CHOCOLATE BROWN : the color of environmentalist and farmers
RUSSET-BROWN : a hard working person
TERRACOTTA : people who challenge convention
DARK BROWN : indicates a person with common sense
GOLD : a higher level of consciousness
PALE GREEN : spiritual advancement
LEMON GREEN : I have found this in people who are liars and cheats
APPLE GREEN : healers Single Women And Men
IRIDESCENT GREEN : I find this color in very friendly people
EMERALD GREEN : a problem is being put to rest
JADE : a charitable nature
VIRIDIAN : emotional and mental stress
OLIVE GREEN : scrooge
DARK GREEN : mental stress
TURQUOISE : I often find this in people who fought their way out of poverty to become a success in life
GREY : people who feel trapped in life
SILVER GREY : I often see this in people involved in yoga
CHARCOAL GREY : depression
APRICOT : caring communication
ORANGE : strong motivation
PUMPKIN : self control
PALE PINK : true love
PINK MADDER : loyalty and commitment
SALMON PINK : people who work in a career they love
IRIDESCENT PINK : sexual desire
DUSTY PINK : foolish people
LAVENDER : I have often seen this in people who have had a near death experience
LILAC : spiritual balance
MAGENTA : often found in entrepreneurs
MAUVE : humble people Single Women And Men
IMPERIAL PURPLE : heightened dream activity
GRAPE : laziness
VIOLET : once again humble people
CARMINE : people who are seeking change
VERMILLION : indicates creativity
RUSTIC RED : short tempered
SCARLET RED : found in people with a big ego
CRIMSON : natural creative skills
MAROON : self empowerment
CLARET : self determination
SILVER : this is the link between the spiritual realm
ZINC : often seen around sexual organs when aroused
CREAM : heading in the right direction
PEARL : I often see this around authentic mediums
PALE YELLOW : shyness Single Women And Men
PRIMROSE : optimism
LEMON YELLOW : strength of direction
BUTTERCUP YELLOW : focused on a course of action
GOLDEN YELLOW : inspiration
MUSTARD : I have seen this in people who are manipulative
STRAW YELLOW : day dreamers


Mirror scrying is an evolved form of water scrying. When it became possible to build mirrors they were regarded as being like water that was fixed into one place. The early mirrors were made of polished copper, brass, marcasite, tin foil or mercury behind glass, polished silver and obsidian. All types of mirrors may be used for scrying and the size is not important. Because mirrors are linked to the moon mirrors should be backed with silver. Try and use a round or oval mirror instead of a square mirror. For the frame try and use a mirror that has a silver frame. Old mirrors also seem to work better than new mirrors. Most seers prefer to use a black mirror. Because this is difficult to buy you may have to make one. Just simply take out the glass and paint it black. You may have to give it a few coats of paint though. When you put it back in the frame make sure the glass part is to the front. The use of black mirrors may be traced back over the centuries. John Dee used a black mirror of obsidian.
When using the black mirror for scrying you do not want to see your reflection. The best is to leave the mirror on a table and look at it from an angle. Look into the depths of the mirror as though you were looking into a bowl of water. At first it may appear grey than colors will come and go. With time and practice you will be able to see scried images like still photographs or moving film images. Spirits may sometimes look at the scryer, talk to the scryer or even touch the scryer. The visions may even exist outside the mirror and surround the scryer on all sides.


Psychometry is the ability to read the history of certain objects by holding the object in your hand or placing it to your forehead. Usually small personal objects such as a watch, ring, key or other personal objects are the best. People with the ability to scry this way are called Psychometrist. The term psychometry was invented in 1842 by J R Buchanan. Buchanan experimented with some students from Cincinnati medical school and found that when certain students where given an unmarked bottle of medicine they had the same reaction as if they had taken the medicine. Buchanan developed the theory that all things give off an emanation. These emanations contained a sort of record of the history of the object. Buchanan believed that objects recorded senses and emotions and these could be played back in the mind of the psychometric scryer. Some theosophists attempt to explain psychometry in terms of the Akashic records. Psychometrists usually scry in a normal state of mind. In other words there is no preparation needed or any need for trance, etc. Scryers are sometimes unable to hold certain objects because of that objects past. For example if the object had been used in a violent crime. In some cases if a scryer has been handed an object of someone who recently died of illness the scryer may suffer from symptoms of the illness. Psychometric impressions may come in the form of emotions, sounds, scents, tastes or images. The visions are usually very rapid in nature. The visual images occur with no logical sequences. Psychometrists usually experience a loss of energy and an increase in body temperature when scrying. Some scryers report an irregular heartbeat. It is generally thought that psychometry is a natural power of the human mind, but some people believe that it is controlled by spiritual beings. Some scryers feel that they act as an instrument and that the spirits do the actual scrying. If you possess a talent for psychometry you probably already know it. It usually starts at an early age and seems to be a natural gift not something that is learnt.

Being a Leader top of page

A leader with a good image is a cardboard figure, easy to knock down. A leader with good character has the strength to see his or her organization through tough times. To build up character, follow these four rules:

*Strive for wisdom first -- understand your organizations' strengths, weaknesses, and its opportunities.

*Pump up your courage so you can take bold action when the circumstances call for it.

*Be humane. Remember, you are leading human beings, not automatons.

*Set a good example by being disciplined -- it is essential if you want your business strategy to be carried out successfully

Stone Tarot top of page

"ljloyd2000" wrote:

0. the fool----------------------

1.the shaman (magician)----------
quartz crystal

2. the high priestess------------
emerald, pearl

3. the goddess (empress)---------
peridot, olivine, turquoise

4. the god (emperor)-------------

5. the chief (hierophant)--------

6. the lovers--------------------
rose quartz

7. the elements (chariot)--------
staurokite, cross stone

8. strength----------------------
diamond, herkimer diamond

9. the wise elder (hermit) -------
sapphire, blue tourmaline

10. the spiral (wheel of fortune)-
sardonyx, black opal

11. justice-----------------------

12. initiation (hanged man)-------
beryl, aquamarine

13. change (death)----------------

14. temperance--------------------

15. folly (devil)-----------------
any black square stone

16. force (the tower)-------------
lodestone, lava

17. the star----------------------
meteorite, and star stone

18. the moon----------------------
moonstone, chalcedony

19. the sun-----------------------
tiger's-eye, sunstone

20. rebirth (judgement)------------

21. the universe------------------
opal, kunzite

Tarot for the Computer Age

0. The FOOL: a manager using a SPARCStation 413,1432 to run a screensaver.

1. The MAGICIAN: a hacker with a Mac, a Pentium box, a Sparc, and a Cray on the table in front of him --- all running the same program with the same GUI. An infinity sign is over his head.

2. The HIGH PRIESTESS: a woman holding the Documentation, closed and concealed. The crescent moon is showing on an Indigo behind her..

3. The EMPEROR: Steve Jobs sitting on a NeXT cube, holding an optical disk vertically in his hand.

4. The EMPRESS: A secretary with a NeXT Machine.

5. The HEIROPHANT: Bill Gates with two flunkies kneeling before him, their faces averted, offering
him floppy disks. He wears a laptop computer on his head.

6. The LOVERS: a PowerMAC and an IBM Power PC exchanging software as an angel bathed in glory
regards them.

7. The CHARIOT: A man in a chariot, hurtling up an exponential curve, drawn by the twin sphinxes
of Technology (black) and Culture (white).

8. STRENGTH: A woman holding the entire design and implementation of Microsoft Excel in her mind as she corrects the final error. An infinity sign is over her head.

9. The HERMIT: An old hacker, white-bearded, burns the midnight oil; its Star-of-David flame illuminates his keyboard.

10. The WHEEL OF FORTUNE: A rotating wheel. Cray is on the side going down, despite its good technology; Smalltalk is opposite it, and C++ is sitting on top. Four winged beings -- a mouse, a turtle, a dog-cow, and a human -- look on.

11. JUSTICE. A cold-faced woman holds a calculator in one hand and a delete-key in the other.

12. The HANGED MAN: A programmer is tied by his ankle to a cable duct. His phase is completely
shifted: he awakens at sunset, he sleeps at dawn. His monitor is reverse-video. He programs on,
flawlessly, oblivious to his circumstances.

13. DEATH: A skeleton wielding a scythe surveys a field, on which are scattered PDP-11s, Apple ]['s,
IBM 360/91's, Xerox Alto's, and many other machines.

14. TEMPERANCE: An angel stands with one foot on her chair and one on the floor, as she copies files from one disk to another. A cursor blinks from her chest.

15. The DEVIL: The goat-headed Lord of the Pit stands on a pile of Windows manuals, holding an
inverted torch in one hand. Two humans, male and female, are in chains at his feet.

16. The TOWER: An ivory tower is struck by a bolt of lightning. Two robed figures, denied tenure,
are hurtled to the ground.

17. The STAR: A Mac is running its `warp' screen saver, in a transient fragile moment of peace.

18. The MOON: A wolf and a jackal are typing at two PC's. A crayfish crawls out of a pool, offering
suggestions that may ultimately prove deadly. The moon shines through a window.

19. The SUN: A naked child riding a winged rocking horse programs clever applications on a high-quality workstation.

20. JUDGEMENT: An angel blows a trumpet; all over the net, web pages arise, to be rated Cool or not.

21. The WORLD: A woman dances on the clouds, unclothed, unencumbered, in a ring of clouds,
a 3-d mouse in each hand. The four winged beings from the Wheel of Fortune surround her.



Tarot Glossary top of page

ABOVE: Pineal gland
ABYSS: Pitfall, womb of the earth, subconscious
ADAM: Humanity, earth life
AIR: Spirit, mind
AKASHA: Record of experiences, karma
ANGEL: Messengers
Raphael - key #6, super conscious, angel of air, God as healer, charity
Michael - key#14, angel of fire and sun, Son of God, Holiness
Gabriel - key #20, angel of water, calls to God, strength
ANIMALS: Five senses, emotions, desires
ANKH: Union of heaven and earth, life symbol, masculine and feminine union. With eagle - freedom of bondage (accurately represented in the Live Psychic Network logo)
ANUBIS: Egyptian jackal-headed god representing evolution of conscious from lower to higher levels, equivalent of Hermes or Mercury signifying self consciousness
APPLE TREE: The temptation, taken from the Garden of Eden
ARBOR: A shelter constructed from nature
ARCANA: Means secret or hidden
ARROW: Direct will, phallic, vengeance
AURA: Electricity, colors designate health, force field around the body
AURABORA: Enlightenment, purity of thought, promise of peace
BABEL: House built on words, lost word of God, language
BANNER: White banner with red cross - innocence and blood Red banner - action and vibration With Red Five Petaled Rose - symbol of Mars and the life force Held in right hand - conscious awareness, self-consciousness Held in left hand - automatic reactions, sub-consciousness, has become automatic Betokens freedom from material bonds, vibration, action
BATTLEMENTS: Not the final boundary, gateway to beyond
BEASTS: In four corners, the fixed signs of the zodiac, the four elements
BEE: Order, sociability, industry, royalty
BELT: Limitation, time
BIRD: Messengers, telepathy, freedom, the element of air, Ideas, messages
BLACK: Unknown, shadow, mysterious, protection
BLINDFOLD: Not focused on materialism, inner vision
BLUE: Faith, peace, serenity, patience
BODY: Tabernacle, temple or kingdom of God
BOOK: Record of truth, measure of time, memories, akasha, Torah
BREAD: Flesh, the body, life substance
BREATH: Ego, solar and lunar energies, inspiration, spirit, life
BULL: Sign of Taurus, the element of Earth
BUTTERFLY: Soul, rebirth, immortality, element of air
CADUCEUS: Moral balance, healing energies, two entwined serpents indicate sickness and health, kundalini
CANDLESTICK: Seven candles, chakras, spine
CANOPY: Protection, mind, celestial influence
CAT: Power of darkness, astral world, nine lives, good eyesight, the sinister aspect of Venus
CAVE: Dante's journey into the underworld, the Mystic's dark night of the soul
CHAIN: Largely self-imposed, restriction
CHAIN OF ROSES: Union of desires so strong that the wild unconscious forces bow before it
CHARIOT: human personality, which can be a vehicle for the expression of self
CHERUBIM: Sacred wisdom
CHILD: The regenerated personality
CHOSEN PEOPLE: Humanity, spiritually enlightened
CHRIST: Higher self, cosmic truth, spirit, the heart
CIRCLE: Spirit, eternity, circles of manifestation, perfection
CIRCLE in a SQUARE: The unity within the Quaternary of elements, the Freemasonry concept of "Squaring the Circle."
CITY: Thought centers
CLOAK: The mantel of discretion.
CLOUDS: Storm clouds indicate unwise thinking, human thoughts in discord
COFFIN: The tombs of world belief
COLORS: Black - negative, ignorance, passive, female
Blue - peace, life, intuition
Gold - enlightenment, soul power
Green - healing, growth, desire
Grey - balance of opposites, harmony
Indigo - peace, devotion
Red - courage, vitality, passion, action, energy
Silver - magnetic, mystical
White - truth, perfection, purity
Yellow - knowledge, intellect
COMBINED ANIMAL PARTS: Bat Wings, Goat Legs, Horns, Bird FeetAn animalistic, instinctive nature
COSMIC LEMNISCATE: Shaped like a figure eight on it's side, it is a symbol of eternal life and dominion It indicates the harmonious interaction of the conscious and subconscious, idea and feeling, desire and emotion
CRAYFISH: Unconscious mind, the early stages of unfolding, primordial and primitive
CROSS: Solar cross - with equal arms indicates union of male (positive) and female (negative), union with God, balanced energy
Triple cross - intellectual and physical worlds, divine, generative power
CROSSED CIRCLES: The Golden Dawn used the crossed circle to represent CHOKMAH
CROSSED KEYS: Silver and gold representing the lunar and solar currents of energy
CROWN: Mastery, attainment, represents creativity, formative and material word, may be set against the cosmic purpose, Kether
CUBE: Earth, sometimes a square, order and measurement, that which was, is and shall be, material manifestation, physical world
Half Cube - only the visual sensory side of reality is being seen
CUPID: Choice
CUPS: Symbol of knowledge and preservation, love, pleasure and enjoyment, associated with water Silver - the subconscious Gold - the conscious
CYPRESS TREE: Sacred to Venus
DANCER: Rhythm, attainment, victory over the elements
DESERT: Lack of substance or life, barren thoughts
DESOLATE PEAK: the Rosicrucian mystical journey
DEVIL: Sensation divorced from understanding by spiritual blindness, false concepts of the physical world, bound by material, slave to necessity and blind chance
DIADEM: Dominion
DOG: Guardian, fidelity, companion to man, helper, friend, all non human forms of life are elevated and improved by the advance of human consciousness, domestication, the superconscious
DOLPHIN: Ancient friend of man
DONKEY EARS: Stubbornness
DOOR: Portal, entrance to the temple, threshold
DOVE: Peace, Holy Spirit, bird of Venus
EAGLE: Higher thought power, aspiration, hope, denoting the four seasons or four suits of the Minor Acrana, associated with the Scorpion sign of the Zodiac, symbol of power "To dream of an eagle in a high place ...is good for those who are starting on some great undertaking." (The Book of Destiny, p 249)
EAGLE (Two Headed): Omnipotence
EARTH: Concrete physical manifestation
EAST: Within, hidden, interior
EDEN: Paradise, solar plexus
EGG: Ideas, seed forms
ELEMENTS: Fire, air, earth and water
ELLIPSE: Super conscious
ETHER: Fifth element, quintessence, life substance
EVE: Feminine principle, receptivity, soul, feeling
EYE: Meaning third, organ of true spiritual vision
EVIL: Errors in thinking, missing the mark
FEATHER: Eagle, Scorpio, Wind, air and freedom
FEET: Support, progress, comprehension, One in water, the other on land - equally at home in the conscious or subconscious
FEMALE: The subconscious mind
FENCE: Limitation
FIELD: Substance, body
FIGURE EIGHT ON ITS SIDE: Cosmic lemniscates, harmonious interaction between conscious and subconscious, between life and feeling, desire and emotion, dominion over the material, eternal life
FISH: symbol of ordination of dedication to spiritual service, creativity, pregnancy, Increase, ideas King of Cups - the fish comes from the sea of universal subconscious
Page of Cups - arising from one's own subconscious, idea or thought
FIXED SIGNS: Fixed conditions in the mind or on earth
FLAME: Spirit
FLOWERS: Vegetable kingdom, reproductive organs White - spiritual thoughts, love, happiness Red - human desires
FLYING CREATURES: Telepathy, messengers, mental thoughts
FRANKINCENSE: Consecration, spirituality, love
FRUIT: Fertility
GABRIEL: Strength of God The archangel of water (spirit and emotions)
GARDEN: Solar plexus, substance, Earth, sub-consciousness
GARLAND: Festivities, fruitfulness
GENTILES: Worldly thoughts
GIRDLE: Spiritual force, time
GLOBE: Cosmic egg, universe Winged Globe - transcendence, knowledge, exultation, symbol of dominion
GNOSIS: Knowledge
GOAT: Bestiality and overindulgence in sex, depicted as fertility when in the arms of the Queen of Pentacles
GOLD: Metal of the sun
GRAPES: Pleasure, abundance, life, fertility
GRAPEVINES: Growth and continuation in abundance and pleasure, nervous system
GREEN: Balance, harmony, healing, prosperity
GREY: Reconciliation of opposites, neutral, uncertainty
HALO: Auric egg, spiritual force, the path of the saint
HAND: Right - positive, masculine; Left - negative, feminine
HEAD: Crown, place of intellect
HEART: Any symbol in the shape of a heart represents subconscious, emotions and seat of judgment
HEART PIERCED: Pain, wounded love or emotions
HEIGHTS: Spiritual ascendancy
HERMIT: Inner teacher, higher self
HOLLY: Christmas, birth
HORNS: Penetrating, strength
HORSE: Vitality, five senses, fertility, controlled, subdued life force, solar energy
HORSE WINGED: Solar power, intellect
IBIS: Vigilance, immortal life, thought, the mind
ICE: Frozen mental attitude
IDEAS: Love, healing
IRIS: Greek goddess of the rainbow, A flower sacred to the sun
JACKAL: Sharp eyes, keen sense of smell, animal kingdom
JEWELS: Love and wisdom
JEW: Religious thoughts
KEYS: Open the mysteries
KEYS CROSSED: Hidden doctrine, one silver and one gold meaning solar and lunar current in radiant energy
KING: Will
KUNDALINI: Seven chakras rising up the spine, serpent fire
LADDER: Leading to perfection, kundalini, roadway to the gods
LAMB: Intellect, loving, obedience
LAME: Lacking understanding or progress, disabled thoughts
LAMP: Intelligence, spiritual light, light center in the heart
LANTERN: Light of intellect, search for truth
LAUREL WREATH: Symbol of Victory, the journey is circular, the Fool begins again after completing a previous cycle
LEAD: Labour, responsibility, metal of Saturn
LEAFLESS TREE: Trefoil flames of the 12 sings of the zodiac, each divided into three decans, The tree of life
LEAVES: Vitality, growth
LEFT SIDE OF THE BODY: Female, receptive, past, subconscious mind
LIGHTING: Masculine, positive
LIGHTING FLASH: Truth, reality, inspiration, life power descends down the Kabalistic Tree of Life, breaks down the existing forms
LILY: Purified thoughts and spiritual unfoldment
LINGAN and YONI: Male/female, sexual symbol, procreation
LION: Fire element, action, desire body, Leo sign of the Zodiac, all powerful sub human force, Mars planet
LION GREEN: Animal nature, impure
LION RED: Force, passion, animal reproduction
LOTUS: Divine knowledge, mystic centre, crown chakra, purity
MALE: The conscious mind
MAYA: Illusion regarding the world
METALS: Gold, silver, mercury, lead, copper, tin, iron, also refers to the planets
MIRROR: Judgment, reflection
MIRROR of VENUS: Solar cross surmounted by a circle, symbol of planet Venus, indicates fertility
MITERED HAT: The Piscean age (when shaped like a fish)
MOON: Feminine astrological symbol of personality, subconscious mind, reflected light of subconscious. All three phases at once - body, mind and spirit
MOON CENTRE: Cycles, memory, pituitary gland
MOUNTAINS: Attainment, realization, path leading to the heights, abstract thought, the long mystical journey is through the stark mountains; The aspirations of man
MOUNTAINS (Snow Capped): Abstract principles of mathematics behind and above all warm, colorful and vital activities of cosmic manifestation, indicates cold; God's ambitions for man
NATURAL MAN: Seeds of what man can become spiritually
NORTH: Darkness, unknown, ignorance, hidden
NORTHEAST: The direction of the unknown
NUDE: Truth, free of dogma, innocence
OIL: Love, vital fluid, illumination, prana
OLIVE: Peace, mercy
OLIVE OIL: Peace, love, Holy Spirit
ORANGE: Strength, energy, social
OWL: A familiar of Merlin the magician, wisdom
OX BULL: Strong, patient, self-sacrificing, forever toiling, generative force
ORB OF THE WORLD: The Earth dominated by the Lord of Spirit
PALM: Victory over death and the male aspect of life, active force shown on the veil behind the High Priestess, Easter, resurrection, severity
PAPAL TRIPLE CROWN: The lower trefoil design represents the lower material world. The middle represents the formative world. The top tier represents the creative world
PATH: States of becoming, steps to the heights, spiritual attainments, esoteric knowledge
PEARLS: Wisdom, of great price
PELICAN: Mother love, sacrifice
PENTACLE: In the form of an amulet, protects against evil spirits
PENTAGRAM: The seal of Solomon, five pointed star, symbol of the world made flesh, expressing mind's domination over the elements, represents order or confusion depending on the direction of its points, figure of man, relates to Hierophant, mental dominion. Inverted - earth, the material
PHOENIX: Grace, rising from the ashes of experience, highest state of Scorpio
PILLAR: White - positive aspect of life, light, Jachin, principle inherent in all things, mercy
Black - inertia, darkness, Boaz, negation of activity, severity
PLANETS: Interior chakras or stars
POMEGRANATE: Female seeds, death/resurrection, fertility, passive aspect of life, fecundity
POOL: Womb, substance, receptivity, female symbol
PRECIPICE: Stepping down from spiritual heights to physical manifestation
PURPLE: Spirituality, penitence, and forgiveness
PYRAMID: Earth in the material aspect, triangular shaped face of the pyramid suggests the threefold principle of creation; That which is eternal
RABBIT: Fertility
RAINBOW: Sign of good fortune from God, perfection, seven rays, protection
RAM: Assertive, noble beast, physically strong, planet Mars, power, leadership, first sign of the Zodiac
RED: Desire, energy, aggression
REPTILES: Action, kundalini, sexual will
RIGHT SIDE OF THE BODY: Male, out going, future, aware, conscious mind
RIVER: The blood, currents of thought or vital forces. The constant circulation of the life force into materialization and out again
ROD: Mastery, phallus, discipline
ROD (Flowering): Virility
ROSE: White - freedom from lower forms of desire and passion, purity and peace within
Red - Venus, nature, physical desires, cultural activities
ROTA: Royal road, wheel, karma
SALAMANDER: Fire element, able to live in midst of fire
SALT: Preservative, inertia, resurrection, Earth element
SCALES: Balanced judgment, equilibrium, the symbol of Libra
SCARAB: Self-existent being, immortality
SCORPION: Treachery, danger, immortality
SCROLL: Akasha, hidden mysteries, divine law, past events impressed upon the subconscious
SEA: All potentials, universal principles
SERPENT: Symbol of wisdom, tempts man for knowledge of self, subtlety, secrecy, serpent biting its tail represents the law of endless transformation, radiant energy descending into manifestation, sense consciousness, desire, tempter
SERPENT (Coiled/Uplifted): Salvation, regeneration
SEVEN: Cycles of time, periods of growth, planets, chakras
SHEEP: Purity, innocence
SHELL: 'Good luck' scallops that were carried on pilgrimages
SHELLFISH: Protective, ideas, insulated, early stages of conscious unfoldment, sign of Cancer in the Zodiac, may invade the territory of waking consciousness and give rise to fears
SHIP: Body, activity, sanctuary, material treasures. That which is beyond our control, lessons in faith
SHOES: One's understanding
SIGN OF SATURN: Limitation and inertia, Capricorn
SILVER: Metal of the moon
SNAKE: Wisdom and knowledge
SOLAR CROSS: Solar symbol of balance of forces
SPHERE: Rotation, cyclic, creative motion
SPHINX: Ancient wisdom holds the riddle of human existence, guardian of the temple, combinations of human and animal attributes
White - Betokens mercy
Black - Severity
SPIRAL: Kundalini force, rising in consciousness
SPOKES: Universal radiant energy
SQUARE: Limitation, solidity of Earth, foundation, materiality, foursquare
STAFF: Sign of power, implement of the magician
STAFF (Raised): Creative power of the mind
STAIRS: Rising to a higher state of consciousness
STARS: Sixth sign of the Zodiac, spirit, truth, guiding light
Five-pointed - star of the Magi, symbol of man
Six-pointed - shield of Solomon, magical power, union of the elements, human soul perfected, dominion over the laws of the great world
Seven-pointed - mysticism, wisdom, spirituality
Eight-pointed - radiant cosmic energy, power and material success
In sevens - the seven main Chakra points of the body, or the seven ancient planets
STONE: Conscious union with truth on the physical plane
STREAM: Thought currents, river of life, subconsciousness, forever flowing to the sea of consciousness
SULFUR: Desire, hell, devil, red lion, passion
SUN: Source of light, radiant energy, where all creatures derive their personal force, immortality
SUNFLOWER: Nature at its fullest, sacred to the sun
Four sunflowers - the four elements
SWORD: Protection, knowledge, mind, constructive or destructive activity, elimination of outworn forms
Upward - victory
Double edged - action destroys as well as builds, and the false must be cut away from the true
SYLPHS: Spirits of the air, similar to cupid
'T' OF LIVING WOOD: Tied to this, the hanged man is still earth bound
TABERNACLE: Transitory, state of consciousness, body
TAILS: Flame - wrong use of the signs of the zodiac
Grapes - wrong use of the wine of life
TARES: Negative error thoughts
TAU: Eternal life, Hebrew, salvation
TEMPLE: House of God, body
TEN: Perfection, beginning a new cycle, completion
TENT: Temporary body structure, transitory building
THIRD EYE: The stone, clairvoyance, golden flower
THORNS: Martyrdom, pain
THRESHOLD: Entering new way, crossing
THROAT: Desire, Venus centre, speech, Hierophant
THUMBS: Executive, ability, will
THUNDERBOLT: Jove, lighting flash, celestial fire
TOMB: Materiality, body
TOWER: False ideas, speech, human thoughts, personality, misapprehension, fallacy of personal isolation, foundation built on false science
TREE: Nerves, sheltering, nourishing, spine, regeneration Evergreen - everlasting
Fir - elevation, nobility
Oak - strength, integrity, honour
Olive - passion
Palm - healing, victory, help
Pine - humanities
TREE of KNOWLEDGE: Good and evil are concealed in the great Arcanum of antiquity, the great mystery of equilibrium, understanding of good and evil, discernment, free will, separation from God, femininity, represents polarity or imbalance, the secret of mortality
TREE of LIFE: Nerves, spinal column, masculine, roots, centered solar plexus, absolute life principle, spiritual point of balance, secret of immortality, to ultimately attain completion and eat the fruit growing in the illusionary garden of worldly things
TREFOILS: Trinity, fool's garment
TRIANGLE OF SPIRIT: Points upward, often from within a square, the three of the triangle added to the four of the square add up to seven
TRIPLE STAFF: Spirit, soul and body
TRUMPET: Power of sound
Trumpet blast - the creative word that liberates man from material limitations
TRIANGLE (Pointed Up): Fire, air
TRIANGLE (Pointed Down): Water, earth
TWELVE: Important nerve centres in the body, sons of Jacob, tribes of Israel, disciples of Jesus, signs in the Zodiac, man's spiritual faculties, spiritual number of fulfillment
TYPHON: Darkness, evil monster
UNDINE: Water spirits, associated with the suit of cups
UNICORN: Allegory of Christ, innocence, moral purity, mystery
URNS: Temporary containers, life fluid
Silver - soul, feminine
Gold - spirit, masculine
URIM and THUMMIN: Truth, perfection, revelation, light
VALLEY: Field of experience, sub-consciousness, life
VASES: Transformation, astral fluid, womb
VEIL: Virginity, cover for hidden mysteries
VINE: Abundance, wisdom, life
VOICE: Logos, power of the spoken word
WAND: Will and power, continual renewal of life, phallic significance
In a pair - the powers of involution and evolution
WALL: Manmade limitation
WALLET: Memory, abilities, talents, tools
WATER: Astral fluid, universal substance, sub-consciousness, cleansing, emotions, the reservoir of cosmic mind stuff that can be stirred into vibration by meditation. Reflection, receptivity and the subconscious
Five rivulets - the five senses
WATERFALL: Phallic symbol, male potency
WATER LILIES: Eternal life
WATER POTS: Nerve center filled with the water of life
WEST: Past, solar plexus
WHEAT: Fertility, fruitfulness, abundance
WHEAT from CHAFF: Separating truth from falsehood
WHEEL: Cycles, chakras, whole cycle of cosmic expression, eight spokes, eight pointed star represents the channels of universal radiant energy, spirit, a fifth element
Center or pivot - the archetypal or thought world
Inner circle - creative
Middle - formative
Outer - material
WHITE: Purity, light of perfect wisdom, light of God
WHITE SUN: Kether, the Crown. In the Golden Dawn system, the Fool corresponds to a path leading downward from Kether.
WIDOW: Belief in lack or separation, half-truths
WILDERNESS: Undisciplined and uncultivated thoughts, transitory state
WINE: Vitality in soul and body, life, spirit
WINGED DISK: Inspiration
WINGS: Free from material limitations
WOLF: Destructive and untamed consciousness, the manifestations of nature before man tamed and civilized them, the conscious
WORLDS: Archetypal - ideal, creative, formative
Matter - Earth
WREATH: Attainment, spiritual, force of nature, praise, victory, the kingdom of growing things, success, acquired wisdom
Forming an 'O', unity and eternity
Y: Three in one, three paths
YELLOW: Mind, thought, expanded perspective
YOD: Drops of light, dew from heaven, the descent of spirit, Hebrew letter symbolizing the hands, betokens power, skill, dexterity,
Zodiac sign of the virgin
Blessings, small sparks of fire, leaves or droplets of water Life force from above
YOKE: Two paths, male/female, yoga
Z: Sudden knowledge, lighting flash
ZERO: Eternity, source of all infinity, absence of quality, quantity and mass, freedom from every limitation, infinite and eternal conscious energy, super-consciousness
ZODIAC: Characteristics of humanity, symbols of the cycles of existence

Casting Sacred Circle top of page

Ritual of Casting Sacred Circle

Many times we are asked "how do you cast a circle ?" There are so many different was that this can be done. Differs from each Tradition to the next. Even within our own Avaloian Tradition we make improvisions on this. The main factor is to cast a sacred space. A space that separates this world from the other. A space that we ourselves make holy. And that is what is important. A space that you set aside from all else, to glorify and exalt. For you are the one casting, cleansing, purifying, and setting it aside from all else.

Before you cast, one should make sure of the intent of casting. Ask yourself why you are doing it. Once you have this the gathering is made easier. If you are doing this with a group of people One must be chosen to be the Lord or Lady. The Lord or Lady usually has one person who waits them. This is not to say the Lord or Lady is higher than they, but the fact that they shall be the God/dess incarnate. You may also do this solitary. Depending on the amount tending.

The Lord/Lady has the sword brought to them. All else are standing outside where the circle is to be cast. The Lord/Lady takes the sword and walk deosil (clockwise) around the space to be cast. The wait has a small bell with them. Beginning at the East, the sword, in a non-threatening manner,is raised. The wait rings the bell. All fill fall silent. Moving clockwise the Lord/Lady salute each direction. If there are four novices present each will stand to the directions as the Lord/Lady passes.

Lord/Lady: Let all those that wish to partake enter ye now ! (the bell is rung)

Everyone enters by stepping forward (no actual circle has been cast yet)

Wait: My Lord/Lady all those that wish to partake in this Magickal Rite are now present. I pray you, cast the Sacred Circle.

Lord/Lady: What thou doth sees makes here this night, shall be forever within this circle. So Mote It Be !

(When anyone speaks the So Mote It Be or Blessed Be, all shall repeat it)

Again at the East, the Lord/Lady takes the sword and draws within the ground or upon the floor the circle saying as the pass. "I draw this magick circle let no evil or ill will cross its mark."

Once the Lord/Lady has reached the East again, They take the sword and place it upon the shoulders of the novice, and says..."be thou the guardian of this gate... I call I summon I stir oh ye spirits of Air, come forth now I pray thee and witness our Rite. So Mote It Be !"

The Guardian answers: I am he/she the guardian, no evil or ill will shall pass by me, My Lord/Lady.

the Wait rings the bell

The Lord/Lady goes to each quarter and perform the same, on each guardian. The Wait will ring the bell as each guardian answers. Once the quarters are called the Lord/Lady goes to the center of the circle as the Wait preforms the cleansing of the circle with salt and water. Incense can be used instead of salt and water mixture. The Lord/Lady summons the spirit of the Great Lady and the Great Lord by saying....

Great Lady witness now your children who stand before you in Perfect Love and Perfect Trust.

Standing East, with the censer the Lord/Lady says....Great Maiden Come To Us..... All repeat....

Standing South, with the torch or candle the Lord/Lady says....Great Mother Come To Us....

All repeat...

Standing West, with chalice of wine or water, the Lord/Lady says...Queen of Wisdom Come To Us.... All repeat...

Standing North, with the salt, the Lord/Lady says.... To Us...All Repeat...

Drumming, rattles, any form of music making can be added to this. As you can take note there really isn't any particular God or Goddess called, this is the Avaloian Tradition. All Gods are one God, all Goddesses are one Goddess.

So there is the very basic beginnings of Magical Workings... you can take it from here..... Do What Thou Wilt, Save Harm None, Shall Be the Whole.

Bright Blessing...
Lord OberRon
Knight of the Sacred Light

Creed  top of page

The Witches' Creed

Hear Now the words of the witches,
The secrets we hid in the night,
When dark was our destiny's pathway,
That now we bring forth into light.

Mysterious water and fire,
The earth and the wide-ranging air,
By hidden quintessence we know them,
And will and keep silent and dare.

The birth and rebirth of all nature, We share with the life universal, Rejoice in the magical ring.

Four times in the year the Great Sabbat Returns, and the witches are seen at Lammas and Candlemas dancing, on May Eve and old Hallowe'en.

When day-time and night-time are equal, when sun is at greatest and least, the four Lesser Sabbats are summoned, and Witches gather in feast.

Thirteen silver moons in a year are, Thirteen is the coven's array.
Thirteen times at Esbat make merry, for each golden year and a day.

The power that was passed down the age, each time between woman and man, each century unto the other, here time and the ages began.

When drawn is the magical circle,
by sword or athame of power,
its compass between two worlds lies,
in land of the shades for that hour.

by Doreen Valiente

A Pledge top of page

A Pledge to Pagan Spirituality

*I am a Pagan andI dedicate Myself tochanneling the SpiritualEnergy of my Inner Self to help and to heal myself and others.

* I know that I am a part of the Whole of Nature. May I grow in understanding of the unity of all Nature. May I always walk in Balance.

* May I always be mindful of the diversity of Nature as well as its Unity and may I always be tolerant of those whose race,appearance, sex, sexual preference, culture, and other ways differ from my own.

* May I use the Force(psychic power) wisely and never use it for aggression nor for malevolent purposes. May I never direct it to curtail the free will of another.

* May I always be mindfulthat I create my own reality and that I have the power within me to create positivity in my life.

* May I always act in honorable ways: being honest with myself and others, keeping my word whenever I have given it, fulfilling all responsibilities and commitments I have taken on to the best of my ability.

* May I always remember that whatever is sent out always returns magnified to the sender. May the Forces of Karma move swiftly to remind me of these spiritual commitments when I have begin to falter from them, and may I use this Karmic feedback to help myself grow and be more attuned to my Inner Pagan Spirit.

* May I always remain strong and committed to my Spiritual ideals in the face of adversity and negativity. May the Force of my Inner Spirit ground out all malevolence directed my way and transform it into positivity. May my Inner Light shine so strongly that malevolent forces can not even approach my sphere of existence.

* May I always grow in Inner Wisdom & Understanding. May I see every problem that I face as an opportunity to develop myself spiritually in solving it.

* May I always act out of Love to all other beings on this Planet -- to other humans, to plants, to animals, to minerals, to elementals, to spirits, and to other entities.

* May I always be mindful that the Goddess and God in all their forms dwell within me and that this divinity is reflected through my own Inner Self, my Pagan Spirit.

* May I always channel Love and Light from my being. May my guide all my thoughts, feelings, and actions.

author unknown

Seeker's Bill of Rights top of page

Compiled by Charles Mars, High Priest - Wren's Nest Coven

Seekers of the Pagan path are often extremely vulnerable. In their quest for teaching and fellowship, they risk encountering those who use our faith to prey on others. Since paganism is still struggling for public acceptance, there is little sympathy from authorities. Neither can the elders of our communities effectively address this issue. The most they can do is denounce these predators, and [they] are usually accused of starting a "witch war" when they do. The answer to this dilemma is to empower those most vulnerable, the Seekers. To this end, the Seeker's Bill of Rights has been drafted. This tool will help to alert seekers of a problem if a group or teacher violates any of the ten rights described. It will also serve to remind seekers that while they may not have "degrees," they are still human beings with rights and dignity.

I. The Right to Verify Credentials:
Seekers shall not be obstructed from contacting persons who can substantiate or disavow claims made by a group or teacher. In the case of elders who were inspired to create a new tradition, the seeker has a right to know the circumstances surrounding the inception of that tradition.

II. The Right to Anonymity:
Seekers have the right to keep their involvement in the occult a secret to preserve their personal and professional lives.

III. The Right to Financial Stability:
Seekers shall not be required or coerced to take on financial burdens on behalf of a teacher or a group.

IV. The Right to Compensation for Professional goods and services:
Seekers have the Right to be paid for goods produced and/or [for] skilled labor from which they would normally receive an income. Seekers shall not be required or coerced to provide "freebies" or discounts on behalf of a teacher or group.

V. The Right to Sexual Freedom:
Seekers shall not be required or coerced to [have] sexual relations with unwanted persons. Nor shall seekers be restricted from sexual relations with consenting adults.

VI. The Right to Physical Well-Being:
Seekers shall not be required or coerced to submit to any form of physical injury.

VII. The Right to Abide by the Law:
Seekers shall not be required or coerced to commit any illegal act.

VIII. The Right to Consistency:
Seekers have the right to expect consistent policies from a teacher or group. Seekers should be formally informed in a timely manner of any policy changes.

IX. The Right to Separation with Impunity:
Seekers have the right to discontinue association with any teacher or group without fear of harassment or reprisal.

X. The Right to be at Peace with One's Conscience:
Seekers shall not be required or coerced to commit any action contrary to their own sense of ethics and morality.

I am Pagan top of page

I am Pagan - by Selena Fox

I am a part of the whole of Nature. The Rocks, the Animals, the Plants, the Elements, and Stars are my relatives. Other humans are my sisters and brothers, whatever their races, colors, genders,
sexual orientations, ages, nationalities, religions, lifestyles. Planet Earth is my home. I am a part of this large family of Nature, not the master of it. I have my own special part to play and I seek to
discover and play that part to the best of my ability. I seek to live in harmony with others in the family of Nature, treating others with respect.

I am Pagan. I celebrate the changing seasons, the turning of the Wheel of the Year. I celebrate with singing, dancing, feasting, rituals, and in other ways. I celebrate each turn of the Wheel with
personal spiritual practices and by taking part in community festivals.

Samhain, commonly known as Halloween, is a time for gazing into the future and for paying homage to my Ancestors and other loved ones in the Spirit world. I work magic for greater religious freedom
for Pagan peoples and humankind as a whole. I celebrate the Wiccan and Celtic spiritual New Year.

Yule, the Winter Solstice, is a festival of peace and a celebration of waxing solar light. I honor the new Sun child by burning a oaken Yule log in a sacred fire. I honor the Great Goddess in her many Great Mother aspects, and the Father God as Santa in his Old Sky God, Father Time, and Holly King forms. I decorate my home with lights and with holly, ivy, mistletoe, evergreens and other herbs sacred to this season. I ring in the new Solar year with bells.

At the beginning of February, I celebrate Candlemas, known to ancient Celts as Imbolc and to contemporary Americans as Groundhog's Day. I focus on spiritual purification and clearing away blockages to prepare for the coming of Spring and new growth. During this festival, I light candles to honor Brigid and I invite her to inspire my artistic works and guide my healing practice. I give offerings of seeds to wild birds.

At the time of the Spring Equinox, I welcome the renewal of Spring and celebrate the greening of the Earth by dressing in green myself. I honor the Teutonic Goddess Ostara and the spirit of the Rabbit,
Her consort. I color eggs with friends and divine choices for new growth.

Beltane at the beginning of May is a festival of fertility and pleasure. I dress in bright colors and wear a garland of flowers in my hair. I dance the Maypole to bless gardens and creative projects. I leap the Beltane bonfire for good luck. I place flowers at the Bast Sacred Cat Shrine and other sacred sites.

Summer Solstice time, also known as Midsummer and Litha, is a grand gathering time when I greet old friends and meet new ones. I dance with them around a sacred bonfire to the magic rhythms of drums. I honor my spiritual community and tribe. I celebrate Pagan culture. I add stones to the sacred Stone Circle on Circle Sanctuary land with prayers for planetary harmony and well-being.

As August arrives, I celebrate Lammas, also known as Lughnassad. At this festival, I honor the height of Summer and prosperity. I not only give thanks for wild and cultivated plants and for blessings
that are starting to come to fruition, but I also pray for continued abundance. I break and eat bread with others in ritual and I give bread and herb offerings to the Goddesses and Gods of agriculture.

Fall Equinox, which some call Mabon, is the time of thanksgiving for all the harvests I've reaped during the growing time. I give thanks for food I have received from the gardens and fields and for other
blessings which have come into my life. I return to the Mother Earth offerings that come from the best of the fruit, vegetables, herbs, nuts, and other food stuffs I've gathered.

And at Samhain, this Wheel of the Year starts again.

I am Pagan. I also honor the seasons of life within my life's journey -- beginnings, growth, fruition, harvest, endings, rest, and beginnings again. Life is a Circle with many cycles. With every Ending comes a new Beginning. Within Death there is the promise of Rebirth.

I am Pagan. I see circles of change and renewal not only within my own life's journey, but in my heritage. I see my life as a circle that connects with the life circles of my ancestors. They are part of me and my life. The ancient wisdom of Nature's Renewal and Recycling is embodied in the crests of two of my Ancestral clans. From my German ancestors of my mother's mother's lineage is the totem of the heron, a family emblem signifying perseverance and renewal after difficulties. From my Celtic ancestors of my father's father's lineage is the crest bearing the symbol of a hewn oak tree sprouting new branches and leaves from its stump, enclosed in a circle with the motto, Iterum Viriscit, which means It grows Green again. These symbols and motto remind me not only of my own renewal and the renewal of Nature, but also the renewal of Pagan philosophy on this planet that is part of my life's work as a Pagan priestess.

I am Pagan. Intentional consciousness change, Magic, is part of my spirituality. For every problem there is at least one workable solution as well as opportunity for growth. I create my own reality with my thoughts, feelings, and actions. Whatever I send out always returns. I seek to abide by the Wiccan Rede: "And It Harm None, Do What You Will." When I do magic in rituals, before I raise and direct energy, I seek always to look at the larger picture of which my needs are just a part. I endeavor to work for the best for all as well as to help myself. When problems come my way, I seek to understand their cause and messages as part of my finding a solution. In doing healing work, I seek to address the underlying spiritual causes of disease, rather than only focusing on relief of its symptoms.

I am Pagan. I work magic by the Moon to help and to heal others, myself, and the Planet. The Triple Goddess of the Moon guides me. I activate beginnings in the Waxing, energize manifestations
at the Full, and clear away obstructions with the Waning and Dark. I take part in rituals at the New and Full Moons, and I know that my Circles are part of a great web of Circles that meet at these
times around Planet Earth.

I am Pagan. I embrace Pantheism, acknowledging that the Divine is everywhere and in everything. I honor the Divine that is within the oak trees in the forest, in the herbs in the garden, in the wild birds singing in the trees, in the rock outcroppings on the hillside, in myself, and yes, even in "things" such as my car, cameras, and computers. I understand that everything with a physical body has a spiritual body, too. The physical and spiritual are deeply intertwined, not separate, in this world of form. I honor the interconnectedness of Creator and Creation.

I am Pagan. I know that Divinity has many facets and I experience this through a variety of Goddesses, Gods, and other spiritual forms. I also honor Divine Oneness, the Unity of All. My personal encounters with Pagan Goddesses, Gods, and other Divine forms have transformed and enriched my life. Hecate appeared at a Death to teach me of release and rebirth. As a young child, Artemis flowed through me and helped me ward off a would-be rapist. Selena of the Full Moon brings me visions and my name. Sacred Sun energizes me. Yemaya of the Ocean cleanses and renews me. I have heard Pan play his pipes in the woods. Dionysius awakens within me the joys of spontaneity and ecstatic bliss and teaches me the mysteries of androgyny. I have experienced the union of Goddess and God while making love with my mate in the garden. Bast has helped me deepen my connections with my Cat friends. Cernunnos has appeared to me in the forest as a Stag. Isis has spoken to me in bursts of radiance in the deep of the Night and in flows of energy through my hands in doing healings. Saturn has given me lessons about discipline, time, and organic agriculture. Lady Liberty protects me as I work for religious freedom for Wiccans and other Pagans. Mother Earth guides my work on behalf of this Planet. I also experience the Divine as totem animals, plant allies, and as other forms in my dreams, in guided inner journeys, and while questing for vision alone in the wilderness.

I am Pagan. My spiritual practices include self-acceptance and understanding, instead of self-rejection. I share my views with others when I sense it is right, but I do not proselytize, claiming my way is the only true right way for everyone. There are many paths up the mountain of spiritual understanding, not just one path.

I am Pagan. My worship takes the form of Divine communion with Nature. As part of my worship, I founded and caretake a sacred Nature preserve, Circle Sanctuary. I do rituals at special places
there, such as in the Stone Circle atop a sacred mound; on Spirit Rock high above the valleys; in the Magic Circle garden; by outdoor shrines; in the indoor Temple room; and in the ancient sandstone rock shelters that housed the ancient ones that lived on this land thousands of years ago. I also do rituals elsewhere on the land and at other places, outdoors and indoors. My worship and rituals can be anywhere since my sacred circle is portable. Wherever I am, I can set up a circle around a sacred sphere with seven invocations: to the four compass point directions, to the Cosmos above, to the Planet below, and to Spiritual Integration in the center.

I am Pagan. I journey to the Otherworld in my dreams, meditations, and rituals. I use sacred tools to aid me in my journeys and my magic making. These include cauldrons, crystals, candles, censors of incense, chalices of water, pentacles of salt, dishes of soil, feathers, bells, brooms, rattles, drums, wands, staffs, blades, mirrors, and a variety of divination tools, including Tarot cards, I Ching yarrow stalks, and Rune stones. I fly with my consciousness through time and space. I explore other dimensions and then I return with insights, knowledge, and power. I go between the worlds for healing, growth and transformation. Intuitive, psychic perception is a natural, not supernatural, part of my daily life.

I am Pagan. I attune myself to the four elements of Nature -- Earth, Air, Fire, Water -- and to the fifth element, Spirit, which is the spiritual force that connects all. I see these Elements in Nature -- the Earth in the soil and rocks; the Air in the winds and atmosphere; the Fire as the lightning, fires, and electricity; the Water in the springs, rivers, oceans, rain, and other waters on the planet; and the Spirit as Divine Unity. I also see these Elements as aspects of Self -- my physical body and physiology is my Earth; my intellect and thoughts my Air; my will and actions my Fire; my emotions and feelings my Water; and my Inner Self, my Soul, is my Spirit. I endeavor to keep myself healthy and in balance in all these parts of Self. I work toward a restoring of balance of the Elements in the environment.

I am Pagan. I hear the cries of Mother Earth who is upset with the harm being done to the environment by humankind. I am dismayed by the pollution of the air, the soil, and the waters, and by the domination games being played by nations with the fire of nuclear missles and other weapons of mass destruction. I also am concerned about spiritual pollution on the Planet -- selfishness, hatred, greed for money and power, addiction, violence, despair. Yet as I perceive these problems, I also perceive cleansing and healing happening on Planet Earth at this time. I know that I can help in at least a small way to bring the Planet into greater balance by seeking balance in my own life, by being a catalyst for restoring balance in the lives of others, and by working for a better environment. I know that my attitudes and my way of living can make a difference. I endeavor to be a channel for healing and balance. I make the practice of environmental responsibility a personal part of my daily life. I endeavor to live in harmony with the other members of the family of Nature.

I am Pagan. Nature Spirituality is my religion and my life's foundation. Nature is my spiritual teacher and holy book. I am part of Nature and Nature is part of me. My understanding of Nature's inner mysteries grows as I journey on this spiritual path.

Nature spirit invocation top of page

Nature spirit invocation with Fairies

Faeries, or Elemental Energies can appear in a variety of ways.. They can appear as specks, looking like dust, butterflies, or whirling leaves.. In photographs they often appear as white wavy lines.. I sometimes see them as shadows of creatures.. basically a shadow moving around my house.. and when outside they plan in leaves, trees, and flowers. Meditate while outside and ask the elementals/faeries to show themselves.. they will! I have Here is a Nature Spirit Invocation I got from one of my books (Helping yourself with white witchcraft by Al G Manning):

Little people everywhere,
Your fun and love I seek to share.
Gronkydoddles hear my call,
Leprechauns come one and all.
Leader, Gob, of Gnome and Troll,
Come and share your humor droll.
Necka and your Undies, bold,
Play with me your games of old.
Paralda, Zephrys of the air,
Caress me while my skin is bare.
Salamanders led by Djin,
The candle flames you may play in.
Nature spirits of all sort
In friendship let us now cavort.
A child of love for you I'll be,
My mood is light as you can see.
And always as you sing and play,
I feel my problems fade away.
Your laughter, love and fun come thruogh
And help me feel alive like you.

Kara - Annuun Sol

Meeting Your Guide top of page

Meeting Your Guide or Teacher

The following is an exercise designed for you to meet your Guide or Teacher. Messengers you wouldn't really need to do this with but you could. As for protectors, they usually aren't to talkative.

What you need: A quiet place to meditate.

What to do: Relax. Decide who it is you wish to contact through this meditation (guide or teacher). Take a few deep, cleansing, relaxing breaths. Visualize your surroundings change into that of a pleasant scene. It can be any scene you like. It can be a grassy meadow, a beach, forest glade, cottage or anything else you can think of that conveys peace and tranquility to you. Walk around this place and familiarize yourself with it. After a few minutes you will see a figure in the distance. They are walking directly toward you. This is your Guide or Teacher. When they get close enough to see them clearly, note how they look. Dark hair? Light hair? Fair skin? Dark skin? What kind of clothes are they wearing? etc. Greet them and ask them for a name. Remember it and then invite them to sit with you or just speak to them standing. Ask them what their urpose is, what they can teach you, etc. Ask them anything you would like. This can be your meeting place where you can commune with your Guide/Teacher in peace and serenity. When you are done speaking with them (and they done with you) then thank them and let your surroundings fade to black. Clear your mind then open your eyes.

Spiritual Helpers top of page

Guides: Guides are beings who are assigned to you to help guide you through life, help you make decisions, give you advice, etc. If you are not in conscious contact with them they still communicate in their own subtle way. The 'still small voice' in the back of your head, feelings, ideas that seem to come out of no where, etc. Teachers: Teachers teach you something. They can teach anything but it usually is occult knowledge or a lesson you need to learn.

Protectors: Protectors are just that, protectors. They watch over you in everyway. Physically, astrally, etc. However, sometimes they cannot protect you either because of your own choices resulted in harm, a lesson, test, etc.

Messengers: These are not quite as common as Guides, Teachers and Protectors. These are usually relegated to those who have a specific Spiritual Job/Mission that they would need a messenger for. Messengers are kind of like gophers. They retrieve information, give messages, etc.

The above Spiritual Helpers are usually evolved humans who have no need to return to the physical, but are not yet done learning and growing and the above jobs help them learn more etc. The above come and go as they learn and grow and are usually replaced by others. Sometimes you have more then one guide and/or teacher etc. It all depends. dakotadeputy22@aol.com

Minors and the Craft top of page

Minors and the Craft -- Guidelines For Teachers And Students
by Wren Walker
(taken from http://www.witchvox.com/xbasics.html)

Many people are investigating the religions of Witchcraft, Wicca and other Neo-Pagan Paths today. There are many books and reference materials available, yet after some self study, there are some folks who would like to meet and perhaps work with a physical teacher. This can be a rewarding learning experience - or it could turn out to be your worst nightmare.

There is much concern-and rightfully so!- about the legal issues surrounding the acceptance of minor students into a Craft training or teaching program. Here are some points to ponder as aids to both teachers and the minor students who may wish to study Witchcraft.

Laws exist that protect the parent-child relationship from the undue influence of outside parties. Probably no Witch wants to have his/her child secretly taught another religious Path without their knowledge. While Witches may be more open to allowing- or even encouraging- their children to explore other religious studies than some of the practitioners of the "mainstream' religions, not all
parents welcome the intrusion of an unknown outside party into an area that they may consider "family business." The legal system supports this right of parental custodianship.

None of the material presented in this section should be construed as legal advice. This article is for educational and informational purposes only. Contact a law office or the District Attorney in your state for more information.

For the Teacher:

Many teachers accept minor students with parental permission. We would suggest that you get a written permission slip and then have that permission confirmed either by telephone or with a face to face meeting with the parent. Some teachers even require that the parent be present in the classes. Some teachers will not accept minor students under any circumstances.

Never be alone with a minor student. Always have another adult and preferably another student in the room at all times. Unfortunately, claims of abuse have been brought against adult teachers by minor students or their parents. Some have been reported to the police. "Private" lessons or counseling with minor students should be avoided!

Never advise a minor student to go against a parent's expressed wishes. If there is a problem at home, a school counselor or community center is a better choice. We understand that you may wish to help, but do not place yourself between a parent and child. The legal system protects this relationship most vigorously.
NOTE: (From a child custody case law site:) -"When a parent has sole custody, that parent has full and complete authority over all decisions regarding the welfare of the child. The parent having sole custody has the legal right to make all decisions regarding the child, including those relating to health, education, religious and disciplinary matters."

Get the home address, phone number and emergency contact numbers for every student. You should also have the name and number of the hospital of choice, doctor's phone number, etc. You are responsible for that minor while he/she is in your class and you should be prepared to act responsibly in case an emergency occurs. Have access to a phone. (The parent should appreciate your desire to be prepared as it demonstrates an attitude of professionalism.)

For The Minor Student:

Never lie about your age. If you are a minor, you may get an innocent teacher in a lot of legal trouble. If your parents will NOT give you permission to study Witchcraft, there is plenty that you can do on your own. Perhaps a parent will allow a "correspondence" type class where you can do the lessons in your own home and your parent can look over the material. If your parents are still dead-set against it, you will just have to be patient. They may change their minds later as they adjust to the idea.

Lying to your parents will do nothing to change their negative attitude about Witchcraft, but acting maturely and openly about your interest in it may. They are concerned about your welfare. They are really not trying to "ruin" your life, but to protect you the best way they know how.

Never be alone with an adult teacher. Always have another adult AND another student with you. This eliminates misunderstandings and makes everyone feel more comfortable.

Be open with your parents and show them the materials from the class. Encourage them to call the teacher if they have questions. Make sure your parent has the teachers' phone number and knows the address of where you are meeting. Have access to a phone.

Do be aware that the concerns expressed in this article may be some of the reasons that many teachers are reluctant to even consider instructing a minor student. These concerns are very real legal issues. So do not think that teachers simply are 'dissing" minor seekers or that they are "looking down" on you because of your age. They're not. Teachers may or may not agree with these laws, but they are acting as responsible adults in a society that has enacted the laws to protect children from potentially harmful situations.

ON-LINE TEACHING... For The Teacher:

The same rules apply to teaching on-line as in the physical world when it comes to parental permission. You can direct a minor who is requesting information to other web sites, books selections or references. This information can be accessed by anyone surfing the web-and as long as it is not pornographic or otherwise illegal-you incur no legal responsibility in doing this. (Do be careful about book selections as some do contain nude pictures or illustrations that while are not pornographic may cause a parent some concern.) But as soon as you enter into a personal e-mail correspondence, you ARE potentially liable for the information that you are sending a minor. DO BE AWARE that many law enforcement officers are surfing the web posing as minors and looking for potential "abusers". Be very careful.

Know who you are talking to. Anyone can state any personal information that they wish while on the Internet. There is no way to verify that this information is accurate. Again, there are "traps" being set by law enforcement personnel, so being overly cautious is not a bad idea.

Never give out your home phone number or personal address. Get a Post Office Box if you have the need for correspondence.

Do not try to counsel minors on-line. Direct them to a community service or hot line in their area. Not only can you get in trouble with parents, you can be charged with operating without a medical license. In a real emergency (suicide threat or child abuse), contact a police department for further instructions on how to proceed.

There are often instructions made to public school students in guidelines and brochures on "What to do" if they are being abused, on drugs, etc. Often these brochures state "Tell your clergyperson or minister". Many teachers of Witchcraft are also legal clergy. But unless you have specific training in psychological counseling and the parent knows that you are counseling their child, do not try to handle these situations yourself. Again suggest other alternatives and resources.

For The Minor Student:

Never give out your home address or phone number. You do not have an way to verify who is requesting this information. Protect yourself. Never agree to meet alone with someone who contacts you on-line. This can be very, very dangerous.

If your parents do not know that you are interested in Witchcraft, tell them. If you can't tell them, do not try to "sneak around". You can access information over the Internet, but do not try to hide e-mail correspondence. If your parents find it one day, not only may you be "in trouble", but you may have caused problems for someone else as well. Some on-line teachers have received very disturbing mail from parents who have 'discovered' an email correspondence.

Your parent may be concerned that you have established a realtionship with someone that they do not know anything about. The subject of Witchcraft as a religion may be quite strange to them and they be will concerned about what you are "getting yourself into". News stories of internet relationships 'gone wrong" are making some parents very cautious in the area of the Internet and their
children. They are trying to protect you. Cut them some slack; be reasonable and they may come to understand your position.

The Age of Majority
U.S. State, Australia, and Canadian Province Age of Majority Statutes: The following list gives the legal age of majority in the various states and provinces. This list is not complete as yet and if you have further information, please contact Wren@witchvox.com so we can include it here.

Alabama - 19, No modifications.
Alaska - 18.
Arkansas - 18 or when child graduates from high school.
California - 18; unless child still in high school, then on graduation or 19th birthday which ever occurs first.
Connecticut - 18.
D.C. - 21 years of age, or at the point the minor is self supporting through marriage, employment, or military service.
Delaware - 18.
Florida - 18.
Georgia - 18.
Hawaii - 18.
Idaho - 18.
Illinois - 18.
Kansas - 18.
Kentucky - 18, 19 if attending high school
Louisiana - 18: unless emancipated earlier by notarial act, marriage or judicial determination: if child is still in high school, then age 19, or upon graduation from high school, whichever occurs first.
Maine - 18.
Maryland - 18.
Massachusetts - 18.
Michigan - 18.
Minnesota - 18. With a person's 18th birthday come most of the rights, privileges, responsibilities, and obligations of adulthood. These rights include the right to vote, the right to make contracts, the right to marry without permission from parents or guardians, the right to purchase a firearm, and the right to serve on a jury.
Mississippi - 21
Montana - 18; or earlier if married, in the military, or fully financially
independent of custodial parent.
Nebraska - 19
New Hampshire-Age if Majority: 18 (FULL CIVIL RIGHTS)
New Mexico - 18; however, a 16 year old may be emancipated by having entered into valid marriage or active duty in armed services or by receiving declaration of emancipation pursuant to court petition and order showing he/she is living apart and managing his/her own affairs.
Nevada - 18; 19 if still in high school.
New York - 21; NY has no statute with respect to emancipation*; issue is decided on case-by-case basis; emancipation can take place before 21, if appropriate court so decides
Ohio - 18 or graduated from high school, whichever occurs later.
Oklahoma - 18.
Oregon - 18; 21 if in school half-time or more.
Pennsylvania - 18 and out of high school.
Puerto Rico - 21 years of age, or whenever minor is self-supporting through marriage.
Tennessee - 18; unless child is still in high school; in such cases emancipation occurs when child graduates from high school or when class child is in when he/she reaches age of majority.
Utah - 18, or child graduates with high school graduating class.
Vermont - 18.
Virginia - 18 or a full-time high school student, not self-supporting, and living in the home of the parent, until the child reaches the age of nineteen (19) or graduates from high school, whichever comes first.
Washington - 18, Except as otherwise specifically provided by law, all persons shall be deemed and taken to be of full age for all purposes at the age of eighteen years.
Wisconsin - 18 and graduation from high school, or 19 years of age, whichever is sooner.

Alberta: 18.
British Columbia: 19.
Manitoba: 18.
New Brunswick: 19.
Newfoundland: 19
Northwest Territories: 19.
Nova Scotia: 19.
Ontario: 18.
Prince Edward Island: 18.
Quebec: 18.
Saskatchewan: 18.
Yukon Territories: 19.


WHAT IS MEANT BY THE TERM "EMANCIPATION"? - In general terms, an emancipation occurs when a minor child is released from the "subjection" of his or her parents. In layman terms, this means one is on his or her own afterwards, and must support oneself thereafter, at least until the emancipation terminates. Whether or not one is emancipated depends on the particular facts of your
situation, including age, marital status, ability to support oneself, desire to live independently, etc.

In Pennsylvania, emancipation is not necessarily a permanent state, and it may change with a change of surrounding conditions. In most states, emancipation is simply a matter of fact. That is, many states allow one to become emancipated simply by declaring oneself emancipated. Other states require a court order or decree. In addition, the age of majority differs between states - some declare minors automatically emancipated at age 18 and others at age 21. You would have to check with a legal authority in the state or province in which you reside to find out more about the laws in your specific area.

For more information on this topic:
ChildQuest Tips On Internet Safety at:
Children/Teen Concerns at: http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/6729/
Hotlines (addresses for reporting illegal uses of Internet aimed at children)
at: http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Plains/5884/educate.htm
Child Safety on the Internet at:
List of suicide prevention hotlines at:
The Ethics Information Center at: http://www.gaiafriends.com/ethics/index.htm

Elements (1) top of page

Elements = Air, Fire, Water, Earth

Direction: East
Archangel: Raphael
Qualities: hot and moist, light and active
Colors: Crimson, yellow
Magical phrase: noscere, to know
Zodiacal signs: Gemini, Libra, Aquarius
Tattvic symbol: blue circle (Vayu)
Tattvic tide: June 21 - September 23
Season: Spring
Hour of day: dawn
Celtic name: airt
Magical tool: Dagger
Types of magic: To find objects that have been lost or stolen, magic of the four
winds, visualizations, divination.
Major Arcana card: Fool (0)
Minor Arcana suit: swords
Symbolic creatures: eagle, human
Alchemical symbol: Right side up triangle
Elemental spirits: Sylphs
Elemental kind: Paralda
Egyptian elemental king: Ameshet (a young man)
Symbols: sky, wind, clouds, incense
Plants: aspen tree, mistletoe
Reflections in humanity: the superconscious, knowledge, instruction, freedom,
travel, psychic abilities
Parts of the body: chest, lungs, throat
Humour: Blood
Positive characteristics: kind, joyful, communicative, intelligent, intuitive,
Negative characteristics: gossipy, boastful, spendthrift, untruthful, selfish,
fickle, inattentive
Overbalance: chatterbox, or one who tends to intellectualize too much
Underbalance: muddy thinking; one who has difficulty transmitting thoughts and

Direction: south
Archangel: Michael
Qualities: hot and dry, light and active
Colors: white, red, orange, scarlet
Magical phrase: velle, to dare
Zodiacal signs: Aries, Leo, Sagittarius
Tattvic symbol: red triangle (Tejas)
Tattvic tide: March 21 - June 21
Season: summer
Hour of day: Noon
Celtic name: deas
Magical tools: fire wand, lamp
Type of magic: tantra, healing, candle magic
Major Arcana Card: judgment (XX)
Minor Arcana suit: wands
Symbolic creature: lion
Alchemical symbol: right side up triangle with a line through the middle.
Elemental spirits: salamanders
Elemental king: Djinn
Egyptian elemental king: Toumathph (a jackal)
Symbols: fire, sun, stars, volcanoes
Plant: nettle
Part of body: head
Humour: choler, yellow bile
Reflections in humanity: the life force, sexual energy, will, passion
Positive characteristics: energetic, enthusiastic, daring, stubborn, faithful
Negative characteristics: stubborn, greedy, jealous, vengeful, angry, resentful,
aggressive, possessive, egotistical
Overbalance: one who is dominating, egotistic, violent
Underbalance: one who feels inferior or apathetic; lack of energy

Direction: west
Archangel: Gabriel
Qualities: cold and moist, heavy and passive
Colors: brownish gray, blue
Magical phrase: audere, to dare
Zodiacal signs: Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces
Tattvic symbol: silver crescent (Apas)
Tattvic tide: September 23 - December 23
Season: Fall
Hour of day: twilight
Celtic name: iar
Magical tool: cup
Type of magic: fertility, mirror magic, purification,
healing, divination, dream magic
Major Arcana card: Hanged Man (XII)
Minor Arcana suit: cups
Symbolic creatures: scorpion, snake
Alchemical symbol: upside down triangle
Elemental spirits: undines
Elemental King: Niksa
Egyptian elemental king: Kabexnaf (a hawk)
Symbols: waterfalls, all bodies of water, waves, fog, rain
Plants: all water plants
Parts of body: stomach, (liquids elimination)
Humour: phlegm
Reflection in humanity: emotions, fertility, the unconscious mind
Positive characteristics: Forgiving, easygoing, gracious, sensitive, modest,
flowing, compassionate
Negative characteristics: overly emotional, weepy, lazy, insecure, sly, frigid,
indifferent, dependent
Overbalance: hypersensitivity
Underbalance: a cold, emotionless nature

Direction: north
Archangel: Auriel (Uriel)
Qualities: cold and dry, heavy and passive
Colors: brown, black, green
Magical phrase: tacere, to keep silent
Zodiacal signs: Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn
Tattivic symbol: yellow square (prithivi)
Tattivic tide: December 23 - March 21
Season: winter
Hour of day: midnight
Celtic name: tuath
Magical tools: pentacle, crystals
Types of magic: fertility magic, tree magic, herbal lore, prosperity,
runecasting, knot magic
Major Arcana card: Universe (XXI)
Minor Arcana suit: pentacles
Symbolic creatures: bull, sphinx
Alchemical symbol: upside down triangle with a line through the middle
Elemental spirits: gnomes
Elemental king: Ghob
Egyptian elemental king: Apephi (an ape)
Symbols: mountains, caves, gems, fields, rocks
Plants: red poppy, thrift plant
Parts of body: bones, sex organs
Humour: black bile, melancholy
Reflection in humanity: the physical body
Positive characteristics: reliable, punctual, stable, persevering
Negative characteristics: greedy, sensualist, materialistic, stodgy,
Overbalance: materialistic; one whose circle of ideas is small
Underbalance: Unreliable, careless, tasteless

Elements (2) top of page

Elements 2 - Water, Air, Fire, Earth

Direction: east
Attributes: rules emotions, feelings, love, courage, rivers, springs, wells, emotional intuition, mystery, birth, blood, the unconscious mind, the womb, generation and beginnings, fertility, charity
Zodiac: Scorpio, Cancer, and Pisces
Time: dawn
Season: spring or fall
Colors: blue, blue-green, green, grey, indigo, black, Any colors of the sea also.
Tools: chalice, cauldron, cup, (rain stick also)
Elemental spirits: Undines
Angel: Raphael
Sense: taste
Gems: Aquamarine, blue topaz, chalcedony, aventurine, moonstone, amethyst, fluorite, rose quartz, sodalite, turquoise, jasper, lapis
Goddesses: Aphrodite, Isis, Selene, Mari, Yemaya
Gods: Llyr, Manannan, Osiris, Neptune, and Poseidon

Direction: south
Attributes: rules the mind, all mental, intuitive and psychic work, knowledge, abstract learning, theory, windswept hills, plains, windy beaches, high mountain peaks, wind and breath, creativity of the mind, ideas and ideologies
Zodiac: Gemini, Aquarius, and Libra
Time: twilight
Season: spring or fall
Colors: black, bright yellow, gold, crimson, blue-white, pink, pastels
Tools: censor, sword, and wand, bells (also harps)
Elemental spirits: Sylphs
Angel: Michael
Sense: smell
Gems: yellow topaz, amber, clear or smoky quarts, fluorite,
rhodochrosite, rose quartz
Goddesses: Aradia, Arianrhod, Nuit, Urania, Kwan Yin
Gods: Mercury, Thoth, Zeus, and Khonsu

Direction: west
Attributes: rules energy, spirit of the flesh, heat, flame, strong passions, sap, life, the will, destroying and purification, bonfires, hearthfires, and candleflames, sun, deserts. volcanoes, hope, youth, courage of the heart, violence
Zodiac: Leo, Sagittarius, Aries
Time: noon
Season: summer
Colors: red, orange, crimson, bright yellow (like the sun), white, (as in the sun's noon light), orange-red, colors of the flame.
Tools: incense, candles, athame, (also rattle)
Elemental spirits: Salamanders
Angel: Ariel
Sense: sight
Gems: fire opal, agates, bloodstone, carnelian, sunstone, dark amber
Goddesses: Pele, Bridget, Hestia, Vesta, Tiamat
Gods: Haephestus, Giobanu, Prometheus, Horus, Vulcan

Direction: north
Attributes: rules the body, growth, nature, sustenance, material gain, healing, money, business, death, silence, chasms, caves, caverns, groves, fields, rocks, standing stones, mountains, metal, bones, structures, grounding and centering, strength, fortitude, stability, nurturing, hunting, laws, understanding, old age, wisdom
Zodiac: Virgo, Taurus, Capricorn
Time: midnight
Season: winter
Colors: green, black, brown, grey, white, wood brown, Any colors of the forest.
Tools: pentacle, staff, sang, salt, (also drums)
Elemental spirits: Gnomes
Angel: Gabriel
Sense: touch
Gems: agates, amber, jet, bloodstone, geodes, malachite, obsidian, tiger eye, hematite
Goddesses: Ceres, Demeter, Gaea, Nepthys, Persephone, Rhea, Rhiannon
Gods: Adonis, Athos, Arawn, Cernunnos, Dionysus, Marduk, Pan, Tammuz

These tables are by no means complete. There are many more correspondences that people have made through the centuries, such as plants, animals, trees, winds, incenses, oils, etc. I have only included here the basic ones which I have either worked with or seen often, just to get you started. Please feel free to add your own correspondences as you find them. In addition, there are many traditions and groups that use a different direction for these elements, or have some other correspondences different from the ones listed here. These are not written in stone! Use what works for you and disregard the rest.

Tips for Solitary Witchcraft top of page

There are many more self-initiated Wiccans and Witches out there than practically any other variety of Pagan. While a valid and legitimate spiritual path, self-initiation and working solitary pose a few unique challenges to those who would follow this particular path to the Old Gods. By its very nature, the solitary path doesn't have a lot of guidance available--usually you strike out on your own to discover it all for yourself.

So why self-initiate? Why be a solitary practitioner? These are questions you have to answer for yourself. No one has a monopoly upon wisdom, nor on the Mysteries--these are not things that you can own, only experience on your own terms, and even then they keep moving, changing and growing. Anyone who approaches the Gods with sincerity, respect, and integrity can and will discover their own way to commune with these essential forces of Nature. It means hard work, requires creativity, persistence and determination --it is a challenging path to take.

If you decide to pursue self-initiation and build your own version of spiritual practice based upon the Wiccan model, here are some tips to help make the process go a bit more smoothly:

Clarify your intent. Ask yourself "Why am I doing this?" Examine your motivations--pursuing any particular spiritual path is a serious commitment. Setting out to explore things on your own as a solitary practitioner is not something to do on a whim, nor is it a "fun" hobby. It's work, and plenty of it. It can also be worth it. Gather your resources. You need to establish a set of ground rules for what you want to do. This will require reading everything you can get. Try to read a variety of authors, and don't read just about Witchcraft. You're not going to learn very much from restricting your reading to pop-Wicca books that gleefully extol the virtues of playing at mediocre, misinterpreted folk traditions of dubious vintage. You're setting out to acquire some wisdom, not superstitious twaddle and bogus hokum. Take classes and get calluses--go out and learn something, then put it to use in your life and the community around you. If it dies on the vine unused, it's a waste. If you find something that you like, adapt it; don't just lift it out of its context. Once you have a basic framework within/upon which to work, rewrite everything to fit your emerging vision, after you've tried it out, tested it, and given it a chance to teach you what it has to reveal on its own terms. Draft a statement of your core beliefs. Sign it, date it, and place it in your journal or Book of Shadows. Forget about it for a while and just work on doing it. Choose a time each year to re- examine it and amend it if desired. Sometimes this is a good thing to do during the winter months, perhaps Candlemas/Imbolc? You decide. When you do check it out, don't beat yourself up if you've gone off in a completely other direction. Spend some time contemplating what you meant when you wrote that piece and look at what you've learned in the time since then. What would you change about it, or yourself, now that you know what you know now? If you do happen to fall prey to the social disease of writing, please be sure to make every reasonable attempt to document your sources. Give credit where credit is due. You have nothing to gain by trying to pretend that you invented Gardner's or Crowley's books. Keep yourself honest. Given time, and effort, you will develop your own rites. When you do, you don't want to dilute the meaningfulness of the moment by that nagging little voice that reminds you that you didn't really do it. Respect your creativity, maintain personal integrity, and let things develop naturally. Remember that within most established traditions of the Craft, the term 'degree' generally refers to experience, not rank. As a solitary you don't have any rank to worry about. If you do, well, then I hope you're enjoying yourself. As a solitary you get the opportunity to focus upon the personal experience and to drop the distractions. It's similar to the monastic approach to mysticism, only less ascetic and more fun. If you do wind up creating or adapting some sort of degree system for your personal Work be sure to take your time working through those degrees. Learn all you can and work with the Gods and Mighty Ones--as you progress, the doors of perception will open, the way will be found. Besides, if you're going to pursue an experiential approach to an already experiential path, why deny yourself the benefit of having those very experiences that are part and parcel of the whole darn thing in the first place? It's absolutely about quality, not quantity. Do it for the right reasons. Why are you doing whatever you're doing, and why alone? If you're solitary because of some sort of insecurity or negative reaction to past happenstance...be prepared for circumstances to change as you grow and mature. If you've withdrawn to focus upon certain aspects of your personal spiritual development, don't lose track of that, even if you do decide to take a break and go hang out with a group for a while. Your solitary practice should serve as a firm foundation for your day-to-day life. A viable, healthy spiritual practice will offer you a way to recharge your batteries, cope with stress, resolve crises and guide you as you grow. If your solitary path doesn't offer you these things, what are you doing? Solitary work can be ideal for self-transformation and personal healing. As you progress, as healing occurs, as changes take place, you will find your practice likewise changing. Consider this a form of sympathetic magick. As you become more fully integrated and whole, your rituals will become more balanced and holistic as well. The Craft is a healing path, so why not approach it as such? Keep in mind that the only way to gauge progress is to challenge it in some manner. How you decide to challenge yourself is one thing. How the universe around you, let alone the Gods & Ancestors, will test your progress is another matter. There will come a point where your focus upon the self-chosen, self-directed things will be intruded upon. You are a human being, not an oyster. If you're going to heal, then heal and get on with life. If you're going to deal with something, deal with it and move on. Life is in motion. Whatever tries to remain static will encounter friction and eventually will be torn loose by the tides of change or the teeth of the trickster. We all learn at different rates and in different styles. Working alone makes it possible to modify everything to suit your needs. Creativity and sincerity can guide you in making your Craft practice a viable and vital part of your life. Don't waste time measuring your progress against other people. They do not approach things from your perspective or background, nor do they share your personal circumstances. No matter what disabilities, hindrances, or restrictions you may have in your life, you can practice Wicca--if you honestly desire to do so. Indeed, the only thing holding anyone back from the Craft of the wise is their own sense of self. Sure, you may not be able to jump around a circle waving a letter-opener or perhaps you can't mumble out a mournful dirge of dubious ecstasy like some of the other folks on the path. So what? As you will and you harm none. Get it? Even solitaries aren't alone anymore. With all of the resources available on the Internet.

go check out http://www.witchvox.com or http://www.circle.org or
http://www.avatarsearch.com or http://www.twpt.com or just do a search on Wiccan, Pagan or whatever your heart desires.

There's an incredible amount of information and opportunities to connect with a vast array of fellow seekers out there. Consider sharing the fruits of your labors, but don't be in a hurry to share the secrets of your success. Solitary work is very personal and what worked for you may not work for another. Respect the freedom of others to pursue their own path into the Silence as you yourself did. If you find that others come to you, or that you are asked to share more details, then you are being confronted by the task of becoming a teacher or guide or mentor. Congratulations. Hopefully your time spent in solitary practice has garnered you some measure of wisdom that can help you to meet this new challenge with grace and dignity. Or at least with a good head start as you run away.

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