Welcome to 9th grade geography based upon Iraq. Instructed by Dr. J.D. Simmons.
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Iraq, officially the Republic of Iraq country in southwestern Asia. Some of the world’s greatest ancient civilizations—Assyria, Babylonia, and Sumer—developed in the area that now makes up Iraq. The modern state of Iraq was created in 1920 by the British government, whose forces had occupied it during World War I (1914-1918). Baghdād is the country’s capital and largest city.
Land and Resources
Iraq has an area of 169,235 sq mi. It is bounded on the north by Turkey; on the east by Iran; on the south by Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and the Persian Gulf; and on the west by Jordan and Syria.
Most of Iraq has a continental climate with extremes of heat and cold. The mountainous northern portion of the country has cool summers and cold winters, often accompanied by snow. The mean January temperature in Mosul, the chief city in the north, is44°F; the mean July temperature there is 90°F. In the lowlands the summers are long and hot, and the winters short and cool. The mean January temperature in Baghdād, which lies in the central lowland part of the country, is 50°F; for July it is 95°F, and temperatures as high as 123°F have been recorded. In the northeastern highlands rainfall is considerable from October to May, ranging from 12 to 22 in, but farther south, on the central alluvial plain and near the Persian Gulf, precipitation is slight, averaging 6 in annually. The Syrian Desert gets little or no precipitation.
Two devastating wars and years of economic isolation have seriously degraded Iraq's environment. The Iran–Iraq War (1980-1988) and the Persian Gulf War 1991 destroyed wildlife habitat, polluted Iraq's land and water, and led to the neglect of conservation efforts.
People and Society
The population of Iraq (2003 estimate) is 24,683,313. The estimated overall population density is 56 persons per sq km (146 per sq mi). The density varies markedly, with the largest population concentrations in the area of the river systems.
1.What is Iraq's capital and largest city?
2.What is the highest elevation in Iraq?
3.What is the hottest temperature ever recorded in baghdad?
4.How many land mines are still buried in Iraq?
5.What is the population growth rate in 2003?
For more resources on Iraq check out some of these links.