GraceWatcher = Philosophy Pages
Page created September 2003 - Page updated July 2008
 

 

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WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY
Information is compiled by GraceWatcher
 

PhilosophyŚphilosophia is the Greek word for 'love of wisdom'.

It is the rational and critical inquiry into basic principles.

Philosophy is often divided into four main branches:

  • metaphysics: the investigation of ultimate reality
  • epistemology: the study of the origins, validity, and limits of knowledge
  • ethics: the study of the nature of morality and judgment
  • aesthetics: the study of the nature of beauty in the fine arts

The two distinctively philosophical types of inquiry are:

  • analytic philosophy: the logical study of concepts
  • synthetic philosophy: the constructive arrangement of concepts into a unified system

According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, philosophy concerns itself with:

  • a search for the wisdom of life
  • an attempt to understand the universe as a whole
  • an examination of man's moral responsibilities and social obligations
  • an effort to fathom the divine intentions and man's place with reference to them
  • an effort to ground the enterprise of natural science
  • a rigorous examination of the origin, extent, and validity of men's ideas
  • an exploration of the place of will or consciousness in the universe
  • an examination of the values of truth, goodness, and beauty
  • an effort to codify the rules of human thought in order to promote rationality and the extension of clear thinking

The history of Western philosophy reveals in detail the concentrated activity of a multitude of serious and able men reflecting upon, reasoning about, and considering deeply the nature of their experience.

Throughout this diversity certain characteristic oppositions habitually recur, such as:

  • the division between monists, dualists, and pluralists in metaphysics
  • between Materialists and Idealists in cosmological theory
  • between Nominalists and Realists in the theory of signification
  • between Rationalists and Empiricists in the theory of knowledge
  • between Utilitarians, self-realizationists, and proponents of duty in moral theory
  • between partisans of logic and partisans of emotion in the search for a responsible guide to the wisdom of life

In the writing of the history of Western philosophy there are at least three factors that must be taken into account:

  • the historian must understand how any philosopher's doctrines depend upon those of his predecessors
  • that a man's philosophy occurs at a certain point in history and, thus, expresses the effects of certain social and cultural circumstances
  • how in part it stems from the philosopher's own personality, psychology, and situation in life

Philosophy consists of all areas of speculative thought including nature, the arts, sciences, law, ethics, and religion.

As used originally by the ancient Greeks, the term philosophy meant the pursuit of knowledge for its own sake.
 


Here are some web articles of various philosophy topics and deep readings
 

Greek Philosophy


Links of Various Philosophy Studies
Philosophy of Religion

Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of Mind
 

2think.org - science, philosophy, etc
Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Free Thinkers Society!
Greek Philosophy
History of Philosophy
Importance of Philosophy
Philosophy around the Web
Philosophy in Cyberspace
Philosophy Now
Terrorism and Religious Extremism A Mindful Approach
TERRORISM WEB SITE
The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
The Psychology of Terror
The Schizophrenia Home Page
The Skeptic's Dictionary
The Society for Philosophical Inquiry
The Spiritual Origins of Religious Terrorism

 


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