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terminology

DOJO
School or training location

KANCHO
Chief Instructor

SENSEI
Teacher or Instructor

SEMPAI
Assistant Teacher or Instructor

SEIZA
Formal sitting

REI
Bow

MOKUSO
Close your eyes

MOKUSO YAME
Open your eyes

AUTAGANI
Everybody

HAI
Yes

YOI
Ready stance - standing in parallel stance

KIAI
Shout of spirit

KIME
Ready or take position

HAJIME
Begin

YAME
Stop

TSUKI
Punch

UCHI
Strike

UKE
Block

GERI
Kick

JODAN
Head level

CHUDAN
Stomach level

GEDAN
Groin level

KATA
Pre-arranged techniques

KUMITE
Sparing, with an opponent




Strikes

Japanese
Pronounced
English

CHUDAN TSUKI
Chew-dan zoo-key
Stomach level punch

JODAN TSUKI
Joe-dan zoo-key
Head level punch

URA UCHI
Oo-Rar-oo-chi
Back fist strike

URA KEN
Oo-Rar-ken
Side back fist strike

HAITO UCHI
Hi-toe-oo-chi
Ridge hand strike

SHITA TSUKI
Sha-ta zoo-key
Short punch

HIJI ATE
Hid-gee a-tay
Rising elbow strike

MAWASHI EMPI
Ma-wash-ee em-pee
Round elbow strike

SHUTO UCHI
Shoe-toe-oo-chi
Knife hand strike



Kicks

Japanese
Pronounced
English

MAE GERI
May ger-ee
Front kick

MAWASHI GERI
Ma-wash-ee ger-ee
Round kick

YOKO GERI
Yoh-koe ger-ee
Side kick

USHIRO GERI
Oh-shi-roh ger-ee
Back kick



Stances

Japanese
Pronounced
English

HEIKO DACHI
Hay-kow-datch
Parallel stance

ZENKUTSU DACHI
Zen-koot-sue datch
Long forward stance

HUNZENKUTSU DACHI
Short fighting stance

KIBA DACHI
Ki-bah dutch
Horse riding stance

SHIKO DACHI
She-kow-datch
Sumo stance

KOKUTSU DACHI
Kow-koot-sue-datch
Back leaning stance

SANCHIN DACHI
Sun-shin-datch
Pigeon toed or hourglass stance

NEKOASHI DACHI
Neck-o-ashy-datch
Cat stance



Blocks

Japanese
Pronounced
English

JODAN AGE UKE
Joe-dan a-geh oo-kay
Rising head level block

UCHI UKE
oo-chee oo-kay
Inside hooking block

SOTO UKE
Soh-toe oo-kay
Outside hooking block

GEDAN BARAI
Geh-dan barr-eye
Downwards block

GEDAN UKE
Geh-dan oo-kay
Sweeping block

CHUGE UKE
Chew-gi-oo-kay
Double block

KAKE UKE
Car-key-oo-kay
Open hand hooking block

MAWASHI UKE
Mar-washy-oo-kay
Round block

SHUTO UKE
Shoe-toe-oo-kay
Knife hand block